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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545189/outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-modified-high-dose-omeprazole-and-amoxicillin-triple-therapy-with-standard-triple-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication
#1
Kitti Chunlertlith, Uaepong Limpapanasit, Pisaln Mairiang, Suda Vannaprasaht, Wichittra Tassaneeyakul, Apichat Sangchan, Kookwan Sawadpanich, Tanita Suttichaimongkol, Jamrus Pongpit, Moragot Pattarapongsin
Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is related to peptic ulcer diseases and gastric cancer and eradication of H. pylori should be expected to decrease the risk of their development. Factors affecting H. pylori eradication are antibiotic resistance, CYP2C19 genotypes, drug regimen and patient compliance. Increment of omeprazole and amoxicillin dosage in clarithromycin-containing triple therapy regimen may overcome these problems and may be a better choice than the conventional clarithromycin-containing triple therapy regimen...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544033/impaired-neurovascular-reactivity-in-the-microvasculature-of-pregnant-women-with-preeclampsia
#2
Karine Ferreira Agra, Isabelle Eunice Albuquerque Pontes, José Roberto da Silva, José Natal Figueiroa, Geraldine F Clough, João Guilherme Bezerra Alves
Preeclampsia (PE) is associated with maternal vascular dysfunction, leading to serious cardiovascular risk both during and following pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess microvascular reactivity in pregnant women with PE. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 36 pregnant women with PE and 36 normotensive pregnant women (C) in the third trimester. Skin microvascular blood flow was measured using laser Doppler flowmetry at rest (RF), during the maximum hyperaemic response to brief arterial occlusion (MF) and during the sympathetically-mediated constrictor response to deep inspiratory breath hold (IBH)...
May 19, 2017: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543746/rosacea-is-associated-with-helicobacter-pylori-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Astrid-Helene R Jørgensen, Alexander Egeberg, Robin Gideonsson, Leonard B Weinstock, Erik P Thyssen, Jacob P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a common skin disease characterized by facial erythema, telangiectasia, papules, and pustules. Helicobacter pylori infection has been suggested to play a role in the etiopathogenesis of rosacea. OBJECTIVE: Systematically review and meta-analyse the relationship between rosacea and infection with Helicobacter pylori . METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science. Data extraction and analyses were performed on descriptive data...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542657/-polygraphy-in-hospitalized-children-under-3-months
#4
Daniel Zenteno, Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Ignacio Molina, Rubén Peña, Carla Rivas, Jaime Tapia, Pablo Brockmann
Apnea and apparently lethal events have great etiological diversity thus complementary tests may help diagnosis. The aim of this study was to describe the results of polygraph studies of children under 3 months hospitalized with suspected apnea. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective case series. Children under 3 months with suspected apnea were considered and in whom a polygraphy (PG) was performed during hospitalization. General data, the apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), index of central. apnea, obstructive apnea index, average and minimum saturation were recorded...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542443/effects-of-pressure-support-and-pressure-controlled-ventilation-on-lung-damage-in-a-model-of-mild-extrapulmonary-acute-lung-injury-with-intra-abdominal-hypertension
#5
Cintia L Santos, Raquel S Santos, Lillian Moraes, Cynthia S Samary, Nathane S Felix, Johnatas D Silva, Marcelo M Morales, Robert Huhle, Marcelo G Abreu, Alberto Schanaider, Pedro L Silva, Paolo Pelosi, Patricia R M Rocco
Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) may co-occur with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), with significant impact on morbidity and mortality. Lung-protective controlled mechanical ventilation with low tidal volume and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has been recommended in ARDS. However, mechanical ventilation with spontaneous breathing activity may be beneficial to lung function and reduce lung damage in mild ARDS. We hypothesized that preserving spontaneous breathing activity during pressure support ventilation (PSV) would improve respiratory function and minimize ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) compared to pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) in mild extrapulmonary acute lung injury (ALI) with IAH...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542364/inspiratory-muscle-activation-increases-with-copd-severity-as-confirmed-by-non-invasive-mechanomyographic-analysis
#6
Leonardo Sarlabous, Abel Torres, José A Fiz, Juana M Martínez-Llorens, Joaquim Gea, Raimon Jané
There is a lack of instruments for assessing respiratory muscle activation during the breathing cycle in clinical conditions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of the respiratory muscle mechanomyogram (MMG) for non-invasively assessing the mechanical activation of the inspiratory muscles of the lower chest wall in both patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and healthy subjects, and to investigate the relationship between inspiratory muscle activation and pulmonary function parameters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542217/assessment-of-asthma-severity-in-adults-with-ever-asthma-a-continuous-score
#7
Lucia Calciano, Angelo Guido Corsico, Pietro Pirina, Giulia Trucco, Deborah Jarvis, Christer Janson, Simone Accordini
BACKGROUND: In epidemiological studies, continuous measures of asthma severity should be used to catch the heterogeneity of phenotypes. This study aimed at developing and validating continuous measures of asthma severity in adult patients with ever asthma from the general population, to be used in epidemiological studies. METHODS: Respiratory symptoms, anti-asthmatic treatment and lung function were measured on 520 patients with ever asthma aged 20-64 years from the general Italian population (GEIRD study; 2007/2010)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541770/sonographic-evaluation-of-diaphragmatic-function-during-breathing-control
#8
A Y M Jones, S P C Ngai, M T C Ying, N R Morris, E L Laakso, S W Y Lee, S M Parry
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of "breathing control" on sonographic diaphragmatic excursion. METHOD: A prospective, randomized, assessor-blinded study design involving 20 physiotherapy students; ten with knowledge of the breathing control technique (Group BC) and ten without (Group CON). All participants were asked to perform a Chester step test. Group BC performed BC, while Group CON adopted their own breathing pattern during recovery after the step test...
May 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541600/elevated-high-sensitivity-troponin-does-not-indicate-the-presence-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-presenting-with-supraventricular-tachycardia
#9
Martin Murer, Florim Cuculi, Stefan Toggweiler, Vanessa Weberndoerfer, Mabelle Young, Richard Kobza
BACKGROUND: Patients with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) often present with similar symptoms (chest pain, shortness of breath), similar electrocardiographic changes and elevated high-sensitivity troponin (cTn). It is not clear whether troponin reflects critical CAD or is elevated due to other causes in patients presenting with SVT. The aim of this study was to assess the role of elevated troponin in patients presenting with SVT. METHODS: Patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for SVT and simultaneous coronary angiography at the Heart Centre Lucerne, Switzerland between January 2010 and October 2014 were included in this analysis...
May 25, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539935/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-triple-therapy-containing-ilaprazole-levofloxacin-and-amoxicillin-as-first-line-treatment-in-helicobacter-pylori-infections
#10
Hyo Jun Ahn, Dong Pil Kim, Myeong Su Chu, Hyeon Jeong Yun, Seok-Hwan Kim, Seung Woo Lee, Dong Soo Lee
Background and Aims. To establish the efficacy and safety of ilaprazole, levofloxacin, and amoxicillin as a first-line eradication treatment for Helicobacter pylori. Methods. Patients with gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, or gastritis, as detected by esophagogastroduodenoscopy with confirmed H. pylori infection between September 2014 and November 2015, were enrolled in the study. All participants received ilaprazole (10 mg bid), levofloxacin (500 mg bid), and amoxicillin (1000 mg bid) for 10 days. H. pylori eradication was confirmed by a (13)C-urea breath test at 6-8 weeks after the end of treatment...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538867/preval%C3%A3%C2%AAncia-de-infec%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-por-helicobacter-pylori-em-uma-comunidade-ind%C3%A3-gena-em-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-e-fatores-associados-estudo-transversalprevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-an-indigenous-community-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-and-associated-factors-cross-sectional-study
#11
Juliana Rejane da Silva Roque, Rodrigo Strehl Machado, Douglas Rodrigues, Patrícia Rech, Elisabete Kawakami
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection is unevenly distributed among different populations. The aim here was to evaluate the factors associated with Helicobacter pylori infection among children up to five years of age living in a high-risk community. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in an indigenous community of Guarani Mbya ethnicity, Tekoa Ytu and Tekoa Pyau villages, Jaraguá district, city of São Paulo (SP), Brazil. METHODS: 74 children aged 0...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536282/predicting-survival-after-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-ards-an-external-validation-of-resp-and-preserve-scores
#12
Jennifer Brunet, Xavier Valette, Dimitrios Buklas, Philippe Lehoux, Pierre Verrier, Bertrand Sauneuf, Calin Ivascau, Yves Dalibert, Amélie Seguin, Nicolas Terzi, Gérard Babatasi, Damien du Cheyron, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Cédric Daubin
BACKGROUND: We aimed to test the performance of PRESERVE and RESP scores to predict death in patients with severe ARDS receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with different case mixes. METHODS: All consecutive patients treated with ECMO for refractory ARDS, regardless of cause, in the Caen University Hospital in northwestern France over the last decade were included in a retrospective cohort study. The receiver operating characteristic curves of each score were plotted, and the area under the curve was computed to assess their performance in predicting mortality (c-index)...
May 23, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536087/workflow-sensitivity-of-post-processing-methods-in-renal-dce-mri
#13
Erik Hanson, Eli Eikefjord, Jarle Rørvik, Erling Andersen, Arvid Lundervold, Erlend Hodneland
OBJECTIVE: Estimation of renal filtration using dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging (DCE-MRI) requires a series of analysis steps. The possible number of distinct post-processing chains is large and grows rapidly with increasing number of processing steps or options. In this study we introduce a framework for systematic evaluation of the post-processing chains. The framework is later used to highlight the workflow processing chain sensitivity towards accuracy in estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR)...
May 20, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535911/validation-of-a-free-software-for-unsupervised-assessment-of-abdominal-fat-in-mri
#14
Michele Maddalo, Ivan Zorza, Stefano Zubani, Giorgio Nocivelli, Giulio Calandra, Pierantonio Soldini, Lorella Mascaro, Roberto Maroldi
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the accuracy of an unsupervised (fully automated) software for fat segmentation in magnetic resonance imaging. The proposed software is a freeware solution developed in ImageJ that enables the quantification of metabolically different adipose tissues in large cohort studies. METHODS: The lumbar part of the abdomen (19cm in craniocaudal direction, centered in L3) of eleven healthy volunteers (age range: 21-46years, BMI range: 21.7-31.6kg/m(2)) was examined in a breath hold on expiration with a GE T1 Dixon sequence...
May 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533075/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-and-laryngeal-manual-therapy-lmt-immediate-effects-in-women-with-dysphonia
#15
Mariana de Cásisa Macedo Conde, Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, José Eduardo Vendramini, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: This study aimed to verify the immediate effect of low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and laryngeal manual therapy (LMT) in musculoskeletal pain, voice quality, and self-reported signs in women with dysphonia. METHOD: Thirty women with behavioral dysphonia were randomly divided into the TENS group and the LMT group. All participants fulfilled the pain survey and had their voices recorded to posterior perceptual and acoustic analysis before and after intervention...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532495/development-and-validation-of-the-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-acei-induced-angioedema-investigator-rating-scale-and-proposed-discharge-criteria
#16
Nicola Bonner, Charlotte Panter, Alan Kimura, Rich Sinert, Joseph Moellman, Jonathan A Bernstein
BACKGROUND: The use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) has been associated with the development of bradykinin-mediated angioedema. With ever-widening indications for ACEI in diseases including hypertension, congestive heart failure and diabetic nephropathy, a concomitant increase in ACEI-Angioedema (ACEI-A) has been reported. At present there is no validated severity scoring or discharge criteria for ACEI-A. We sought to develop and validate an investigator rating scale with corresponding discharge criteria using clinicians experienced in treating ACEI-A...
May 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530108/twelve-day-quintuple-regime-containing-four-antibiotics-as-a-rescue-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-in-the-central-region-of-portugal
#17
Diogo Branquinho, Nuno Miguel Peres de Almeida, Carlos Gregório, Adriano Casela, Maria Manuel Donato, Luís Tomé
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori eradication rates with standard triple therapy in many countries are clinically unacceptable. Fluoroquinolone resistance is increasing and jeopardizing second-line regimens. There is a growing need for an effective strategy in patients who failed previous therapies. METHODS: This is a single-center, non-randomized clinical study conducted in the central region of Portugal. Sixty-four patients were included with a positive 13C-urea breath test (UBT) or histology for H...
May 22, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525863/optical-nonlinearity-and-charge-transfer-analysis-of-pyrene-adsorbed-on-silver-computational-and-experimental-investigations
#18
U Reeta Felscia, Beulah J M Rajkumar, Pranitha Sankar, Reji Philip, M Briget Mary
The interaction of pyrene on silver has been investigated using both experimental and computational methods. Hyperpolarizabilities computed theoretically together with experimental nonlinear absorption from open aperture Z-scan measurements, point towards a possible use of pyrene adsorbed on silver in the rational design of NLO devices. Presence of a red shift in both simulated and experimental UV-Vis spectra confirms the adsorption on silver, which is due to the electrostatic interaction between silver and pyrene, inducing variations in the structural parameters of pyrene...
May 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524029/-predictive-value-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-on-mechanical-ventilation-weaning
#19
Hui Wang, Ming Ma, Desheng Chen, Gang Li, Shupeng Wang, Jingen Xia, Jun Duan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of left ventricular diastolic function on mechanical ventilation weaning in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 0.50. METHODS: A retrospective case control study was conducted. Sixty-five patients with LVEF > 0.50 undergoing mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours admitted to surgery intensive care unit (ICU) of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from June 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523317/mri-as-indicator-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-activity-from-morphological-to-molecular-level-assessment-a-case-report
#20
Maria Teodora Antuaneta Buzan, Hanelore Herta, Mihaela Maria Coman, Daniela Homorodean, Silviu Andrei Sfrângeu, Carmen Monica Pop
We present the case of an adult patient with active post-primary pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and discuss specific morphological and textural aspects found at high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lung. The 42-year-old man, heavy smoker, undertook a routine employment medical examination and was admitted to a referral pulmonology and TB center due to the abnormal findings seen on his chest radiography. The patient presented nonspecific symptoms, bilateral bronchial breath at pulmonary auscultation, inflammatory syndrome on the laboratory blood tests and positive sputum smears for acid-fast bacilli, which together with the typical aspect on the chest radiography lead to a diagnosis of post-primary pulmonary TB and administration of specific medication...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
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