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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#1
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635619/on-the-importance-of-accurate-quantification-of-individual-volatile-metabolites-in-exhaled-breath
#2
David Smith, Patrik Spanel
It is argued that shortcomings of certain approaches to breath analysis research based on superficial interpretation of non-quantitative data are inadvertently inhibiting the progression of non-invasive breath analysis into clinical practice. The objective of this perspective is to suggest more clinically profitable approaches to breath research. Thus, following a discourse on the challenges and expectations in breath research, a brief indication is given of the analytical techniques currently used for the analysis of very humid exhaled breath...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635614/advanced-treatment-planning-using-direct-4d-optimisation-for-pencil-beam-scanned-particle-therapy
#3
Kinga Bernatowicz, Ye Zhang, Rosalind Lucy Perrin, Damien Charles Weber, Antony John Lomax
We report on development of a new four-dimensional (4D) optimisation approach for scanned proton beams, which incorporates both irregular motion patterns and the delivery dynamics of the treatment machine into the plan optimiser. Furthermore, we assess the effectiveness of this technique to reduce dose to critical structures in proximity to moving targets, while maintaining effective target dose homogeneity and coverage. The proposed approach has been tested using both a simulated phantom and a clinical liver cancer case, and allows for realistic 4D calculations and optimisation using irregular breathing patterns extracted from e...
June 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635546/physical-activity-and-asthma-a-longitudinal-and-multi-country-study
#4
Melissa A Russell, Christer Janson, Francisco Gómez Real, Ane Johannessen, Marie Waatevik, Bryndis Benediktsdóttir, Mathias Holm, Eva Lindberg, Vivi Schlünssen, Wasif Raza, Shyamali C Dharmage, Cecilie Svanes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of physical activity on asthma in middle-aged adults, in one longitudinal analysis, and one multi-centre cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: The Respiratory Health in Northern Europe (RHINE) is a population-based postal questionnaire cohort study. Physical activity, height and weight were self-reported in Bergen, Norway, at RHINE II (1999-2001) and all centres at RHINE III (2010-2012). A longitudinal analysis of Bergen data investigated the association of baseline physical activity with follow-up asthma, incident asthma and symptoms, using logistic and zero-inflated Poisson regression (n = 1782)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635233/-clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-anaplastic-thyroid-carcinoma
#5
J F Wang, X H Zhu, Z Tan, M H Ge
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer. Methods: Clinical data of 56 patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2006 to June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and followed up. Results: Of the 56 patients, there were 24 male and 32 female. The median age was 65 years old. At diagnosis, 10 patients have different degrees of breathing difficulty; 8 patients have varying degrees of dysphagia, and 12 patients have hoarseness...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634626/hepatic-shear-wave-elastography-in-children-under-free-breathing-and-breath-hold-conditions
#6
Caroline Jung, Michael Groth, Kay Uwe Petersen, Anna Hammel, Florian Brinkert, Enke Grabhorn, Sören Alexander Weidemann, Jasmin Busch, Gerhard Adam, Jochen Herrmann
OBJECTIVES: To compare hepatic 2D shear wave elastography (2D SWE) in children between free-breathing and breath-hold conditions, in terms of measurement agreement and time expenditure. METHODS: A cohort of 57 children (12.7±4.3 years) who underwent standardized 2D SWE between May and October 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. Liver elastograms were obtained under free-breathing and breath-hold conditions and time expenditure was measured. Median stiffness, interquartile range (IQR), and IQR/median ratio were calculated based on 12, six, and three elastograms...
June 20, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633995/quantitative-mri-study-of-the-permeability-of-peritumoral-brain-edema-in-lung-cancer-patients-with-brain-metastases
#7
Dan Wang, Ming-Liang Wang, Yue-Hua Li
PURPOSE: To use Ktrans to evaluate the aggressiveness and vascular permeability of peritumoral edema in cases of lung cancer brain metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 68 lung cancer patients with 92 metastatic brain lesions were enrolled (20 metastatic lesions only in the gray matter -group 1; and 72 metastatic lesions located in the gray and white matter junction -group 2). All patients underwent MRI examination, which involved a dual angle (2° and 15°) enhanced T1W-VIBE (volume interpolated breath-hold examination) sequence to calculate the T1 parameter map...
June 17, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633707/qualitative-analysis-of-biological-tuberculosis-samples-by-an-electronic-nose-based-artificial-neural-network
#8
E I Mohamed, M A Mohamed, M H Moustafa, S M Abdel-Mageed, A M Moro, A I Baess, S M El-Kholy
OBJECTIVE: To apply an e-nose system for monitoring headspace volatiles in biological samples from Egyptian patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and healthy controls (HCs) and compare them with standard sputum analysis. DESIGN: The study population comprised 260 (140 males, 120 females) newly diagnosed TB patients and 240 (120 males, 120 females) HCs matched by age and socio-economic level admitted to hospitals specialising in chest diseases in Alexandria, Behera, Giza and Damietta Governorates, Egypt...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629434/reduction-of-breathing-irregularity-related-motion-artifacts-in-low-pitch-spiral-4d-ct-by-optimized-projection-binning
#9
René Werner, Christian Hofmann, Eike Mücke, Tobias Gauer
BACKGROUND: Respiration-correlated CT (4D CT) is the basis of radiotherapy treatment planning of thoracic and abdominal tumors. Current clinical 4D CT images suffer, however, from artifacts due to unfulfilled assumptions concerning breathing pattern regularity. We propose and evaluate modifications to existing low-pitch spiral 4D CT reconstruction protocols to counteract respective artifacts. METHODS: The proposed advanced reconstruction (AR) approach consists of two steps that build on each other: (1) statistical analysis of the breathing signal recorded during CT data acquisition and extraction of a patient-specific reference breathing cycle for projection binning; (2) incorporation of an artifact measure into the reconstruction...
June 19, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626990/exhaled-breath-profiles-in-the-monitoring-of-loss-of-control-and-clinical-recovery-in-asthma
#10
Paul Brinkman, Marianne A van de Pol, Marije G Gerritsen, Lieuwe D Bos, Tamara Dekker, Barbara S Smids, Anirban Sinha, Christof J Majoor, Marlous M Sneeboer, Hugo H Knobel, Teunis J Vink, Frans H de Jongh, René Lutter, Peter J Sterk, Niki Fens
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease, associated with episodes of exacerbations. Therapy with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) targets airway inflammation, which aims to maintain and restore asthma control. Clinical features are only modestly associated with airways inflammation. Therefore, we hypothesized that exhaled volatile metabolites identify longitudinal changes between clinically stable episodes and loss of asthma control. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as measured by gas-chromatography / mass-spectrometry (GC/MS) and electronic nose (eNose) technology discriminate between clinically stable and unstable episodes of asthma...
June 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626902/haemophilus-influenzae-oral-vaccination-for-preventing-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-bronchitis-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
REVIEW
Edward Teo, Kathleen Lockhart, Sai Navya Purchuri, Jennifer Pushparajah, Allan W Cripps, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are serious conditions in which patients are predisposed to viral and bacterial infections resulting in potentially fatal acute exacerbations. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is defined as a lung disease characterised by obstruction to lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing. Antibiotic therapy has not been particularly useful in eradicating bacteria such as non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) because they are naturally occurring flora of the upper respiratory tract in many people...
June 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624018/difference-in-the-craniocaudal-gradient-of-the-maximum-pixel-value-change-rate-between-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-and-normal-subjects-using-sub-mgy-dynamic-chest-radiography-with-a-flat-panel-detector-system
#12
Yoshitake Yamada, Masako Ueyama, Takehiko Abe, Tetsuro Araki, Takayuki Abe, Mizuki Nishino, Masahiro Jinzaki, Hiroto Hatabu, Shoji Kudoh
OBJECTIVES: To compare the craniocaudal gradients of the maximum pixel value change rate (MPCR) during tidal breathing between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and normal subjects using dynamic chest radiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the institutional review board and all participants provided written informed consent. Forty-three COPD patients (mean age, 71.6±8.7 years) and 47 normal subjects (non-smoker healthy volunteers) (mean age, 54...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622248/quantitative-perfusion-analysis-of-the-rectum-using-golden-angle-radial-sparse-parallel-magnetic-resonance-imaging-initial-experience-and-comparison-to-time-resolved-angiography-with-interleaved-stochastic-trajectories
#13
Ulrike I Attenberger, Jing Liu, Philipp Riffel, Johannes Budjan, Robert Grimm, Kai T Block, Stefan O Schoenberg, Xiaoying Wang, Daniel Hausmann
OBJECTIVES: Purpose of this study was to compare the quality of perfusion maps obtained from prototypical free-breathing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with continuous golden-angle radial sampling and iterative reconstruction (GRASP) to conventional acquisition using time-resolved angiography with interleaved stochastic trajectories (TWIST) in patients with rectal cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty cases were included for retrospective analysis. Twenty of the patients received routine multiparametric MRI at 3 T for rectal cancer staging, including perfusion measurement with GRASP or TWIST (10 patients for each technique, including 5 prechemoradiation and 5 postchemoradiation)...
June 16, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621890/reference-data-for-babybody-plethysmographic-measurements-in-chinese-neonates-and-infants
#14
Gaoli Jiang, Albert Li, Libo Wang, Liling Qian, Yun Cao, Jianfeng Huang, Chengzhou Wan, Xiaobo Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Population-specific pulmonary function reference data are essential to identify the nature and severity of respiratory diseases. However, there is a lack of reference data for Chinese neonates and infants. The objective of this study was to develop reference data for tidal breathing and plethysmographic measurements for Chinese subjects during the first 2 years of life. METHODS: Data of tidal breathing and plethysmography from healthy Chinese neonates (≤28 days) and infants (1-24 months) using the Jaeger MasterScreen BabyBody were collated...
June 16, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621708/breathing-analysis-using-thermal-and-depth-imaging-camera-video-records
#15
Aleš Procházka, Hana Charvátová, Oldřich Vyšata, Jakub Kopal, Jonathon Chambers
The paper is devoted to the study of facial region temperature changes using a simple thermal imaging camera and to the comparison of their time evolution with the pectoral area motion recorded by the MS Kinect depth sensor. The goal of this research is to propose the use of video records as alternative diagnostics of breathing disorders allowing their analysis in the home environment as well. The methods proposed include (i) specific image processing algorithms for detecting facial parts with periodic temperature changes; (ii) computational intelligence tools for analysing the associated videosequences; and (iii) digital filters and spectral estimation tools for processing the depth matrices...
June 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620158/clinical-features-and-sleep-analysis-of-chinese-patients-with-fatal-familial-insomnia
#16
Liyong Wu, Hui Lu, Xianling Wang, Jia Liu, Chaoyang Huang, Jing Ye, Cuijiang Li, Jun Lu, Yuping Wang, Jianping Jia, Shuqin Zhan
This study aimed to examine clinical features, sleep, abnormal sleep-wake transition and non-sleep disturbances as well as lab tests in Chinese fatal familial insomnia (FFI) subjects. Patients with confirmed clinical and laboratory diagnosis of FFI have been retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features and the results of the complementary tests, including polysomnography (PSG), brain imaging and genetic analysis, were used. Two male and three female patients were recruited in this study. Three of the five patients had more comprehensive family medical records...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619761/exhaled-breath-condensate-biomarkers-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-lung-cancer-using-proteomics
#17
Laura M López-Sánchez, Bernabé Jurado-Gámez, Nuria Feu-Collado, Araceli Valverde, Amanda Cañas, Jose L Fernández-Rueda, Enrique Aranda, Antonio Rodríguez-Ariza
We explored whether the proteomic analysis of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) may provide biomarkers for non-invasive screening for the early detection of lung cancer (LC). EBC was collected from 192 individuals (49 control (C), 49 risk factor-smoking (S), 46 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 48 LC (LC)). Using LC-MS/MS, 348 different proteins with a different pattern among the four groups were identified in EBC samples. Significantly more proteins were identified in the EBC from LC compared to other groups (C:12...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619305/effects-of-music-listening-on-anxiety-and-physiological-responses-in-patients-undergoing-awake-craniotomy
#18
Pao-Yuan Wu, Mei-Lin Huang, Wen-Ping Lee, Chi Wang, Whei-Mei Shih
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of music listening on the level of anxiety and physiological responses for awake craniotomy. METHODS: An experimental design with randomization was applied in this study. Participants in experimental group (19 patients) selected and listened music at their preferences in the waiting room and throughout the entire surgical procedure in addition to usual care while control group (19 patients) only gave usual care...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605624/the-application-of-chromatographic-breath-analysis-in-the-search-of-volatile-biomarkers-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-coexisting-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
B Grabowska-Polanowska, M Skowron, P Miarka, A Pietrzycka, I Śliwka
Chromatographic studies on breath composition are aimed at finding volatile markers useful for medical diagnostics or in screening investigations. Studies leading to the development of screening breath tests are especially important for the diagnostics of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the presented study was to confirm diagnostic usefulness of chosen volatile compounds detected in breath, which are suggested as potential biomarkers of renal dysfunction and diabetes...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605043/typical-angina-is-associated-with-greater-coronary-endothelial-dysfunction-but-not-abnormal-vasodilatory-reserve
#20
Ahmed AlBadri, Derek Leong, C Noel Bairey Merz, Janet Wei, Eileen M Handberg, Chrisandra L Shufelt, Puja K Mehta, Michael D Nelson, Louise E Thomson, Daniel S Berman, Leslee J Shaw, Galen Cook-Wiens, Carl J Pepine
BACKGROUND: Typical angina (TA) is defined as substernal chest pain precipitated by physical exertion or emotional stress and relieved with rest or nitroglycerin. Women and elderly patients are usually have atypical symptoms both at rest and during stress, often in the setting of nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). HYPOTHESIS: To further understand this, we performed subgroup analysis comparing subjects who presented with TA vs nontypical angina (NTA) using baseline data of patients with nonobstructive CAD and coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) enrolled in a clinical trial...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
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