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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785573/effect-of-dietary-soy-oil-glucose-and-glutamine-on-growth-performance-amino-acid-profile-blood-profile-immunity-and-antioxidant-capacity-in-weaned-piglets
#1
Dinghong Lv, Xia Xiong, Huansheng Yang, Meiwei Wang, Yijie He, Yanhong Liu, Yulong Yin
Weaning stress results in gastrointestinal dysfunction and depressed performance in pigs. This study aimed to investigate the effect of soy oil, glucose, and glutamine on the growth and health of weaned piglets. Compared with those in the glutamine group, piglets in the glucose and soy oil groups had greater average daily gain, average daily feed intake, and gain: feed ratio from day 0 to 14, and gain: feed ratio for the overall period. There were no differences with regard to serum amino acids among the three groups on day 14, except glycine and threonine...
May 18, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780411/a-retrospective-analysis-of-cyanoacrylate-injection-versus-hemoclip-placement-for-bleeding-dieulafoy-s-lesion-in-duodenum
#2
Yu Jiang, Julong Hu, Ping Li, Wen Jiang, Wenyan Liang, Hongshan Wei
Background: Duodenal Dieulafoy's lesion (DL) is a rare disease that may lead to lethal hemorrhage in the upper gastrointestinal tract. The best technique for endoscopic intervention still remains unclear. In the present study, we performed a retrospective analysis of cyanoacrylate injection versus hemoclip placement for treating bleeding DLs. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed eighteen patients from three medical centers between October 2008 and February 2016; six patients received cyanoacrylate injection, while hemoclips were placed in 12 patients during the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780117/a-case-of-gangliocytic-paraganglioma-with-carcinoma-of-the-ampulla-of-vater-a-case-report
#3
Masanari Sekine, Hiroyuki Miyatani, Keita Matsumoto, Hitomi Kashima, Yudai Koito, Takaya Miura, Yuko Takahashi, Rumiko Tsuboi, Takehiro Ishii, Junichi Fujiwara, Takeshi Uehara, Shunsuke Urayoshi, Kazuhito Yuhashi, Takeharu Asano, Noriyoshi Sagihara, Satohiro Matsumoto, Hirosato Mashima
The patient was a "73" -year-old woman who visited our hospital with the chief complaint of weight loss. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an enlarged ampulla of Vater, and a biopsy led to a diagnosis of Group "4" gastric carcinoma; suspicious of adenocarcinoma. There were no findings suggesting invasion into the muscle layer of duodenum, despite tumor mass formation being observed in the sphincter of Oddi. We performed endoscopic papillectomy for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779953/a-quality-assurance-device-for-measuring-afterloader-performance-and-transit-dose-for-nasobiliary-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy
#4
Christopher L Deufel, John P Mullins, Mark J Zakhary
PURPOSE: Nasobiliary high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy has emerged as an effective tool to boost the radiation dose for patients with unresectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. This work describes a quality assurance (QA) tool for measuring the HDR afterloader's performance, including the transit dose, when the source wire travels through a tortuous nasobiliary catheter path. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The nasobiliary QA device was designed to mimic the anatomical path of a nasobiliary catheter, including the nasal, stomach, duodenum, and bile duct loops...
May 17, 2018: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778963/ph-dependent-silica-nanoparticle-dissolution-and-cargo-release
#5
Giorgia Giovaninni, Colin J Moore, Andrew J Hall, Hugh J Byrne, Vladimir Gubala
The dissolution of microporous silica nanoparticles (NP) in aqueous environments of different biologically relevant pH was studied in order to assess their potential as drug delivery vehicles. Silica NPs, loaded with fluorescein, were prepared using different organosilane precursors (tetraethoxysilane, ethyl triethoxysilane or a 1:1 molar ratio of both) and NP dissolution was evaluated in aqueous conditions at pH 4, pH 6 and pH 7.4. These conditions correspond to the acidity of the intracellular environment (late endosome, early endosome, cytosol respectively) and gastrointestinal tract ('fed' stomach, duodenum and jejunum respectively)...
May 16, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778007/augmentation-of-the-expression-of-the-eotaxin-receptor-on-duodenal-neutrophils-by-il-21
#6
Yuji Takeda, Tomoyuki Kato, Nobuhito Nemoto, Akemi Araki, Mohammad Yeashin Gazi, Hidetoshi Nara, Hironobu Asao
Inflammation can occur via different mechanisms, such as via acute and chronic responses, on numerous occasions and function accordingly through various roles. There are more than five subsets of neutrophils; neutrophilic heterogeneity is modulated by the inflammatory condition. To understand the characteristics of inflammation, identification of atypical neutrophils is important. In this study, we found that the expression of eotaxin receptor (CD193) on atypical neutrophils in the duodenum is augmented in IL-21 isoform transgenic (Tg) mice...
May 16, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775545/effect-of-bamboo-vinegar-powder-as-an-antibiotic-alternative-on-the-digesta-bacteria-communities-of-finishing-pigs
#7
Huan Qu, Yanjie Huang, Yinghao Shi, Ying Liu, Shenglong Wu, Wenbin Bao
This study investigated the use for bamboo vinegar powder as an antibiotic alternative in the diet of growing-finishing pigs by examining their digestive bacterial communities. Forty-five Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire growing-finishing pigs were randomly allocated to five diet groups: 0%,0.5%, 1.0%, or 1.5% bamboo vinegar levels and antibiotics. After 37 days, the digesta in duodenum of four pigs from each treatment were analyzed for their bacterial community compositions using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Addition of 1...
May 18, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775189/investigating-mixing-and-emptying-for-aqueous-liquid-content-from-the-stomach-using-a-coupled-biomechanical-sph-model
#8
Simon M Harrison, Paul W Cleary, Matthew D Sinnott
The stomach is a critical organ for food digestion but it is not well understood how it operates, either when healthy or when dysfunction occurs. Stomach function depends on the timing and amplitude of wall contractions, the fill level and the type of gastric content. Using a coupled biomechanical-Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (B-SPH) model, we investigate how gastric discharge is affected by the contraction behaviour of the stomach wall and the viscosity of the content. The results of the model provide new insights into how the content viscosity and the number of compression waves down the length of the stomach affect the mixing within and the discharge rate of the content exiting from the stomach to the duodenum...
May 18, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773886/pretreatment-with-broad-spectrum-antibiotics-alters-the-pharmacokinetics-of-major-constituents-of-shaoyao-gancao-decoction-in-rats-after-oral-administration
#9
Meng Liu, Jie Yuan, Wen-Juan Hu, Chang-Qiang Ke, Yi-Fan Zhang, Yang Ye, Da-Fang Zhong, Guang-Rong Zhao, Sheng Yao, Jia Liu
The influence of broad-spectrum antibiotics on the pharmacokinetics and biotransformation of major constituents of Shaoyao-Gancao decoction (SGD) in rats was investigated. The pharmacokinetic behaviors of paeoniflorin (PF), albiflorin (AF), liquiritin (LT), isoliquiritin (ILT), liquiritin apioside (LA), isoliquiritin apioside (ILA), and glycyrrhizic acid (GL), seven major constituents of SGD, as well as glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), a major metabolite of GL, were analyzed. A 1-week pretreatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics (ampicillin, metronidazole, neomycin, 1 g L-1 ; and vancomycin, 0...
May 17, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773170/iron-and-innate-antimicrobial-immunity-depriving-the-pathogen-defending-the-host
#10
REVIEW
Manfred Nairz, Stefanie Dichtl, Andrea Schroll, David Haschka, Piotr Tymoszuk, Igor Theurl, Günter Weiss
The acute-phase response is triggered by the presence of infectious agents and danger signals which indicate hazards for the integrity of the mammalian body. One central feature of this response is the sequestration of iron into storage compartments including macrophages. This limits the availability of this essential nutrient for circulating pathogens, a host defence strategy known as 'nutritional immunity'. Iron metabolism and the immune response are intimately linked. In infections, the availability of iron affects both the efficacy of antimicrobial immune pathways and pathogen proliferation...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771770/biliary-stenosis-and-gastric-outlet-obstruction-late-complications-after-acute-pancreatitis-with-pancreatic-duct-disruption
#11
Motokazu Sugimoto, David P Sonntag, Greggory S Flint, Cody J Boyce, John C Kirkham, Tyler J Harris, Sean M Carr, Brent D Nelson, Don A Bell, Joshua G Barton, L William Traverso
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic duct disruption (PDD) after acute pancreatitis can cause pancreatic collections in the early phase and biliary stenosis (BS) or gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) in the late phase. We aimed to document those late complications after moderate or severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Between September 2010 and August 2014, 141 patients showed pancreatic collections on computed tomography. Percutaneous drainage was primarily performed for patients with signs or symptoms of uncontrolled pancreatic juice leakage...
May 15, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771683/an-individualized-strategy-to-estimate-the-effect-of-deformable-registration-uncertainty-on-accumulated-dose-in-the-upper-abdomen
#12
Yibing Wang, Steven F Petit, Eliana Vasquez Osorio, Vikas Gupta, Alejandra Méndez Romero, Ben J M Heijmen
In the abdomen, it is challenging to assess the accuracy of deformable image registration (DIR) for individual patients, due to the lack of clear anatomical landmarks, which can hamper clinical applications that require high accuracy DIR, such as adaptive radiotherapy. In this study, we propose and evaluate a methodology for estimating the impact of uncertainties in DIR on calculated accumulated dose in the upper abdomen, in order to aid decision making in adaptive treatment approaches. 
 Sixteen liver metastasis patients treated with SBRT were evaluated...
May 17, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770950/heme-and-non-heme-iron-on-growth-performances-blood-parameters-tissue-mineral-concentration-and-intestinal-morphology-of-weanling-pigs
#13
Zhao Zhuo, Xiaonan Yu, Sisi Li, Shenglin Fang, Jie Feng
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of heme and non-heme iron sources on growth performances, blood parameters, tissue mineral concentration, and intestinal morphology in weanling pigs. At 25 days of age, 32 newly weaned piglets (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire; 8.66 ± 0.59 kg) were allocated to one of the following dietary treatments: control group (basal diet with no extra iron addition), FeSO4 group (basal diet + 100 mg Fe/kg as FeSO4 ), Fe-Gly group (basal diet + 100 mg Fe/kg as Fe-Gly), and Heme group (basal diet + 100 mg Fe/kg as Heme)...
May 16, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770931/pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-replaced-common-hepatic-artery-and-portal-vein-reconstruction-in-primary-carcinoma-duodenum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Gunjan S Desai, Prasad Pande, Rajiv C Shah, Palepu Jagannath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770781/eus-guided-tissue-sampling-with-a-20-gauge-core-biopsy-needle-for-the-characterization-of-gastrointestinal-subepithelial-lesions-a-multicenter-study
#15
Filippo Antonini, Gabriele Delconte, Lorenzo Fuccio, Germana De Nucci, Carlo Fabbri, Elia Armellini, Leonardo Frazzoni, Adele Fornelli, Andrea Magarotto, Enzo Mandelli, Pietro Occhipinti, Enzo Masci, Gianpiero Manes, Giampiero Macarri
Background and Objective: A new 20-gauge (G) biopsy needle with a core-trap technology has been developed with a large core size and enhanced flexibility. The aim of this multicenter study was to determine the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of EUS-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) with the new 20G needle in diagnosing subepithelial lesions (SELs). Materials and Methods: Retrospectively collected data from consecutive patients with SELs undergoing EUS-FNB with the 20G needle at five centers were analyzed...
May 17, 2018: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769033/case-report-on-pathogenetic-link-between-gluten-and-iga-nephropathy
#16
Stefano Costa, Giovanni Currò, Salvatore Pellegrino, Maria Cristina Lucanto, Giovanni Tuccari, Antonio Ieni, Giuseppina Visalli, Giuseppe Magazzù, Domenico Santoro
BACKGROUND: A relationship between IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and celiac disease (CD) has been reported. We show the pathogenetic link for the first time. CASE PRESENTATION: A 39-year-old man with cystic fibrosis (CF) and CF-related diabetes started to present gross hematuria, back pain and headache. At admission, laboratory analysis showed increase in serum creatinine of 1.5 mg/dl, together with hematuria and mild proteinuria (1 g/24 h). He underwent a renal biopsy to investigate the cause of hematuria and renal failure...
May 16, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767149/the-role-of-supplemental-glycine-in-establishing-a-subclinical-necrotic-enteritis-challenge-model-in-broiler-chickens
#17
Guang-Da Xue, Shu-Biao Wu, Mingan Choct, Robert A Swick
Subclinical necrotic enteritis (NE) is an economically important disease in the broiler industry. With the move towards removal of antibiotics from feeds, solutions to control subclinical NE are desperately being sought. Dietary glycine has been shown to promote proliferation of Clostridium perfringens (Cp) and may thus be useful to include in a NE challenge model. A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of increased dietary glycine levels on subclinical NE. A 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments was carried out using day-old male Ross 308 chicks ( n  = 624) allocated to 48 floor pens with 8 treatments of 6 replicates with 11 birds per treatment...
September 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767135/impacts-of-energy-feeds-and-supplemental-protease-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-and-gut-health-of-pigs-from-18-to-45-kg-body-weight
#18
Hongyu Chen, Shihai Zhang, Inkyung Park, Sung Woo Kim
A total of 144 pigs with 18.4 ± 2.3 kg initial body weight (BW) at 6 wk of age were used in a 40-d trial to evaluate effects of protease (300,000 U/kg feed, BioResource International Inc., Durham, NC, USA) on growth performance, apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of nutrients, and gut health of pigs fed diets with sorghum. Pigs were randomly allotted to 4 treatments (12 pens per treatment, 3 pigs per pen) in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement (corn or sorghum basal diets, and 0 or 0.05% protease as 2 factors) with sex and initial BW as blocks...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766534/duodenoduodenostomy-for-obstruction-of-the-sigmoid-flexure-of-the-duodenum-in-cattle
#19
Eileen S Hackett, Hayley M Lang, Andre Desrochers, Sylvain Nichols, Susan Lawson Fubini
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical findings, surgical treatment, and outcome associated with duodenoduodenostomy for treatment of duodenal obstruction secondary to adhesions associated with the sigmoid flexure of the duodenum. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study (1996-2016). ANIMALS: Fourteen Holstein cattle. METHODS: Medical records of cows treated at 3 academic surgical referral centers with duodenoduodenostomy for duodenal obstruction secondary to adhesions associated with the sigmoid flexure of the duodenum were reviewed...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766412/cutaneous-large-b-cell-lymphoma-involving-the-duodenum-and-the-bile-duct-a-case-report
#20
Lamine Hamzaoui, Mouna Medhioub, Amal Khsiba, Moufida Mahmoudi, Talel Badri, Mohamed Msaddak Azouz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
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