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Land use regression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774563/adverse-events-following-live-attenuated-intranasal-influenza-vaccination-of-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-results-from-two-influenza-seasons
#1
Constantina Boikos, Lawrence Joseph, David Scheifele, Larry C Lands, Gaston De Serres, Jesse Papenburg, Nicholas Winters, Mark Chilvers, Caroline Quach
BACKGROUND: Despite the approved use of live-attenuated intranasal influenza vaccine (LAIV) for seasonal immunization of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), many questions remain unanswered regarding the timing, duration, and types of adverse events that occur following administration of this vaccine. METHODS: In 2012 and 2013, 264 LAIV doses were administered to 198 patients aged 2-19 with CF. Vaccinees were followed prospectively for 55 days after vaccination (day 0) and information on adverse events was collected...
July 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771069/are-measures-derived-from-land-use-and-transport-policies-associated-with-walking-for-transport
#2
Jerome N Rachele, Vincent Learnihan, Hannah M Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin Turrell, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: There is growing urgency for higher quality evidence to inform policy. This study developed geographic information systems (GIS) spatial measures based on land use and transport policies currently used in selected Australian states to assess which, if any, of these measures were associated with walking for transport. METHODS: Overall, 6,901 participants from 570 neighbourhoods in Brisbane, Australia were included. Participants reported their minutes of walking for transport in the previous week...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760719/ambient-coarse-particulate-matter-and-the-right-ventricle-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#3
Jennifer C D'Souza, Steven M Kawut, Laura R Elkayam, Lianne Sheppard, Peter S Thorne, David R Jacobs, David A Bluemke, Joao A C Lima, Joel D Kaufman, Timothy V Larson, Sara D Adar
BACKGROUND: Coarse particulate matter (PM10-2.5) is primarily mechanically generated and includes crustal material, brake and tire wear, and biological particles. PM10-2.5 is associated with pulmonary disease, which can lead to right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. Although RV characteristics have been associated with combustion-related pollutants, relationships with PM10-2.5 remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To quantify cross-sectional associations between RV dysfunction and PM10-2...
July 27, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758162/individual-level-factors-associated-with-the-risk-of-acquiring-human-plasmodium-knowlesi-malaria-in-malaysia-a-case-control-study
#4
Matthew J Grigg, Jonathan Cox, Timothy William, Jenarun Jelip, Kimberly M Fornace, Patrick M Brock, Lorenz von Seidlein, Bridget E Barber, Nicholas M Anstey, Tsin W Yeo, Christopher J Drakeley
BACKGROUND: The emergence of human malaria due to the monkey parasite Plasmodium knowlesi threatens elimination efforts in southeast Asia. Changes in land use are thought to be driving the rise in reported P knowlesi cases, but the role of individual-level factors is unclear. To address this knowledge gap we assessed human and environmental factors associated with zoonotic knowlesi malaria risk. METHODS: We did this population-based case-control study over a 2 year period in the state of Sabah in Malaysia...
June 9, 2017: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754249/distribution-pattern-of-anthroponotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-caused-by-leishmania-tropica-in-western-afghanistan-during-2013-2014
#5
Mahdi Fakhar, Mehdi Karamian, Mohammad Amin Ghatee, Walter Robert Taylor, Hossein Pazoki Ghohe, Sayed Abobakar Rasooli
Anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL), caused by Leishmania tropica, is the main cause of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in the Herat province, Western Afghanistan. We investigated the role of environmental factors on ACL distribution in Herat. Epidemiological data from 2457 patients were retrieved from the local WHO sub-office. Shapefile layers of districts, cities, villages, land cover, soil type and digital elevation model (DEM) of the Herat province were used to assess, by logistic regression modelling, the effects of land cover, soil types, elevation, and proximity to the Harirud river on the distribution of ACL...
July 25, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754028/4sm-a-novel-self-calibrated-algebraic-ratio-method-for-satellite-derived-bathymetry-and-water-column-correction
#6
Yann G Morel, Fabio Favoretto
All empirical water column correction methods have consistently been reported to require existing depth sounding data for the purpose of calibrating a simple depth retrieval model; they yield poor results over very bright or very dark bottoms. In contrast, we set out to (i) use only the relative radiance data in the image along with published data, and several new assumptions; (ii) in order to specify and operate the simplified radiative transfer equation (RTE); (iii) for the purpose of retrieving both the satellite derived bathymetry (SDB) and the water column corrected spectral reflectance over shallow seabeds...
July 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753823/is-there-an-association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-bladder-cancer-incidence-analysis-of-15-european-cohorts
#7
Marie Pedersen, Massimo Stafoggia, Gudrun Weinmayr, Zorana J Andersen, Claudia Galassi, Johan Sommar, Bertil Forsberg, David Olsson, Bente Oftedal, Norun H Krog, Geir Aamodt, Andrei Pyko, Göran Pershagen, Michal Korek, Ulf De Faire, Nancy L Pedersen, Claes-Göran Östenson, Laura Fratiglioni, Mette Sørensen, Kirsten T Eriksen, Anne Tjønneland, Petra H Peeters, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Roel Vermeulen, Marloes Eeftens, Michelle Plusquin, Timothy J Key, Andrea Jaensch, Gabriele Nagel, Hans Concin, Meng Wang, Ming-Yi Tsai, Sara Grioni, Alessandro Marcon, Vittorio Krogh, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote, Andrea Ranzi, Giulia Cesaroni, Francesco Forastiere, Ibon Tamayo, Pilar Amiano, Miren Dorronsoro, Leslie T Stayner, Manolis Kogevinas, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Ranjeet Sokhi, Kees de Hoogh, Rob Beelen, Paolo Vineis, Bert Brunekreef, Gerard Hoek, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution contains low concentrations of carcinogens implicated in the etiology of urinary bladder cancer (BC). Little is known about whether exposure to air pollution influences BC in the general population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and BC incidence. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We obtained data from 15 population-based cohorts enrolled between 1985 and 2005 in eight European countries (N=303431; mean follow-up 14...
November 26, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734251/climatic-controls-of-ecohydrological-responses-in-the-highlands-of-northern-ethiopia
#8
Samuale Tesfaye, Emiru Birhane, Toon Leijnse, S E A T M van der Zee
Climate variability and recurrent droughts have a strong negative impact on agricultural production and hydrology in the highlands northern Ethiopia. Since the 1980s, numerous mitigation and land rehabilitation measures have been implemented by local and national authorities to reduce these impacts, are often poorly effective. As underlying reason may be that controlling relationships between climate and ecohydrology at medium-sized catchments (10-10,000km(2)) of semi-arid highlands are not well known. We investigated trends and relationships in precipitation, temperature, streamflow, and net primary productivity (NPP)...
July 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726224/spatial-scale-and-seasonal-dependence-of-land-use-impacts-on-riverine-water-quality-in-the-huai-river-basin-china
#9
Jianfeng Liu, Xiang Zhang, Bi Wu, Guoyan Pan, Jing Xu, Shaofei Wu
Land use pattern is an effective reflection of anthropic activities, which are primarily responsible for water quality deterioration. A detailed understanding of relationship between water quality and land use is critical for effective land use management to improve water quality. Linear mixed effects and multiple regression models were applied to water quality data collected from 2003 to 2010 from 36 stations in the Huai River basin together with topography and climate data, to characterize the land use impacts on water quality and their spatial scale and seasonal dependence...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717996/patterns-of-oribatid-mite-species-diversity-testing-the-effects-of-elevation-area-and-sampling-effort
#10
Levan Mumladze, Maka Murvanidze, Mark Maraun
Elevational gradients in species diversity and species area relationships are two well established patterns that are not mutually exclusive in space and time. Elevation and area are both considered as good proxies to detect and characterize the patterns of species diversity distribution. However, such studies are hampered by the incomplete biodiversity data available for ecologists, which may affect the pattern perceptions. Using the large dataset of oribatid mite communities sampled in Georgia, we tested the effects of altitude and area on species distribution using various approaches, while explicitly considering the biases from sampling effort...
July 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715783/development-of-land-use-regression-models-for-pm2-5-so2-no2-and-o3-in-nanjing-china
#11
Lei Huang, Can Zhang, Jun Bi
Ambient air pollution has been a global problem, especially in China. Comparing with other methods, Land Use Regression (LUR) models can obtain air pollutant concentration distribution at finer scale without the air pollution source data based on a few monitoring sites and predictors. However, limited LUR studies have been conducted on the basis of regular monitoring networks. Thus, we explored the applicability of conducting LUR models for four key air pollutants: PM2.5, SO2, NO2 and O3, on the basis of national monitoring networks which have good representation of areas with different characteristics in Nanjing, China...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712025/side-to-side-asymmetries-in-landing-mechanics-from-a-drop-vertical-jump-test-are-not-related-to-asymmetries-in-knee-joint-laxity-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Christophe A G Meyer, Paul Gette, Caroline Mouton, Romain Seil, Daniel Theisen
PURPOSE: Asymmetries in knee joint biomechanics and increased knee joint laxity in patients following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are considered risk factors for re-tear or early onset of osteoarthritis. Nevertheless, the relationship between these factors has not been established. The aim of the study was to compare knee mechanics during landing from a bilateral drop vertical jump in patients following ACLR and control participants and to study the relationship between side-to-side asymmetries in landing mechanics and knee joint laxity...
July 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711000/ecosystem-services-response-to-urbanization-in-metropolitan-areas-thresholds-identification
#13
Jian Peng, Lu Tian, Yanxu Liu, Mingyue Zhao, Yi'na Hu, Jiansheng Wu
Ecosystem service is the key comprehensive indicator for measuring the ecological effects of urbanization. Although various studies have found a causal relationship between urbanization and ecosystem services degradation, the linear or non-linear characteristics are still unclear, especially identifying the impact thresholds in this relationship. This study quantified four ecosystem services (i.e. soil conservation, carbon sequestration and oxygen production, water yield, and food production) and total ecosystem services (TES), and then identified multiple advantageous area of ecosystem services in the peri-urban area of Beijing City...
July 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710271/novel-alphacoronaviruses-and-paramyxoviruses-co-circulate-with-type-1-and-sars-related-betacoronaviruses-in-synanthropic-bats-in-luxembourg
#14
Maude Pauly, Jacques B Pir, Catherine Loesch, Aurélie Sausy, Chantal J Snoeck, Judith M Hübschen, Claude P Muller
Several infectious disease outbreaks with high mortality in humans have been attributed to viruses that are thought to have evolved from bat viruses. In this study from Luxembourg, the genetic diversity and epidemiology of paramyxoviruses and coronaviruses shed by the bat species Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and Myotis emarginatus was evaluated. Faeces collection (n= 624) was performed longitudinally in a mixed-species colony in 2015 and 2016. In addition, faeces (n= 254) were collected cross-sectionally from six Myotis emarginatus colonies in 2016...
July 14, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709033/vegetated-land-cover-near-residence-is-associated-with-reduced-allostatic-load-and-improved-biomarkers-of-neuroendocrine-metabolic-and-immune-functions
#15
Andrey I Egorov, Shannon M Griffin, Reagan R Converse, Jennifer N Styles, Elizabeth A Sams, Anthony Wilson, Laura E Jackson, Timothy J Wade
BACKGROUND: Greater exposure to urban green spaces has been linked to reduced risks of depression, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and premature death. Alleviation of chronic stress is a hypothesized pathway to improved health. Previous studies linked chronic stress with a biomarker-based composite measure of physiological dysregulation known as allostatic load. OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to assess the relationship between vegetated land cover near residences and allostatic load...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705430/effect-of-long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-on-anxiety-and-depression-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Cristina Vert, Gonzalo Sánchez-Benavides, David Martínez, Xavier Gotsens, Nina Gramunt, Marta Cirach, José Luis Molinuevo, Jordi Sunyer, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Marta Crous-Bou, Mireia Gascon
BACKGROUND: The association between exposure to air pollutants and mental disorders among adults has been suggested, although results are not consistent. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and history of anxiety and depression disorders and of medication use (benzodiazepines and antidepressants) in adults living in Barcelona. METHODS: A total of 958 adults (45-74 years old) residents in Barcelona, most of them having at least one of their parents diagnosed with dementia (86%), and participating in the ALFA (Alzheimer and Families) study, were included...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704731/random-forests-as-cumulative-effects-models-a-case-study-of-lakes-and-rivers-in-muskoka-canada
#17
F Chris Jones, Rachel Plewes, Lorna Murison, Mark J MacDougall, Sarah Sinclair, Christie Davies, John L Bailey, Murray Richardson, John Gunn
Cumulative effects assessment (CEA) - a type of environmental appraisal - lacks effective methods for modeling cumulative effects, evaluating indicators of ecosystem condition, and exploring the likely outcomes of development scenarios. Random forests are an extension of classification and regression trees, which model response variables by recursive partitioning. Random forests were used to model a series of candidate ecological indicators that described lakes and rivers from a case study watershed (The Muskoka River Watershed, Canada)...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700609/organic-farming-enhances-soil-microbial-abundance-and-activity-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#18
Martina Lori, Sarah Symnaczik, Paul Mäder, Gerlinde De Deyn, Andreas Gattinger
Population growth and climate change challenge our food and farming systems and provide arguments for an increased intensification of agriculture. A promising option is eco-functional intensification through organic farming, an approach based on using and enhancing internal natural resources and processes to secure and improve agricultural productivity, while minimizing negative environmental impacts. In this concept an active soil microbiota plays an important role for various soil based ecosystem services such as nutrient cycling, erosion control and pest and disease regulation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697468/emission-factors-of-unintentional-hcb-and-pecbz-and-their-correlation-with-pcdd-pcdf
#19
Wenwen Gong, Heidelore Fiedler, Xiaotu Liu, Bin Wang, Gang Yu
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and pentachlorobenzene (PeCBz) have been listed as unintentional POPs in the annex of the Stockholm Convention and thus, attracted attention by government and researchers. Since the intentional production and use has ceased in most countries, the unintentional releases to the environment have increased. This study gathered 206 and 78 emission factors (EFs) of unintentional HCB and PeCBz from scientific publications and governmental reports, respectively. Most of the EFs referred to the release vector "air" (EFAir) and to a less extent to "product" (EFProduct)...
July 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693451/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-green-space-prevalence-and-mental-wellbeing-in-england
#20
Victoria Houlden, Scott Weich, Stephen Jarvis
BACKGROUND: With urbanisation increasing, it is important to understand how to design changing environments to promote mental wellbeing. Evidence suggests that local-area proportions of green space may be associated with happiness and life satisfaction; however, the available evidence on such associations with more broadly defined mental wellbeing in still very scarce. This study aimed to establish whether the amount of neighbourhood green space was associated with mental wellbeing. METHODS: Data were drawn from Understanding Society, a national survey of 30,900 individuals across 11,096 Census Lower-Layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs) in England, over the period 2009-2010...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
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