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Land use regression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726224/spatial-scale-and-seasonal-dependence-of-land-use-impacts-on-riverine-water-quality-in-the-huai-river-basin-china
#1
Jianfeng Liu, Xiang Zhang, Bi Wu, Guoyan Pan, Jing Xu, Shaofei Wu
Land use pattern is an effective reflection of anthropic activities, which are primarily responsible for water quality deterioration. A detailed understanding of relationship between water quality and land use is critical for effective land use management to improve water quality. Linear mixed effects and multiple regression models were applied to water quality data collected from 2003 to 2010 from 36 stations in the Huai River basin together with topography and climate data, to characterize the land use impacts on water quality and their spatial scale and seasonal dependence...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717996/patterns-of-oribatid-mite-species-diversity-testing-the-effects-of-elevation-area-and-sampling-effort
#2
Levan Mumladze, Maka Murvanidze, Mark Maraun
Elevational gradients in species diversity and species area relationships are two well established patterns that are not mutually exclusive in space and time. Elevation and area are both considered as good proxies to detect and characterize the patterns of species diversity distribution. However, such studies are hampered by the incomplete biodiversity data available for ecologists, which may affect the pattern perceptions. Using the large dataset of oribatid mite communities sampled in Georgia, we tested the effects of altitude and area on species distribution using various approaches, while explicitly considering the biases from sampling effort...
July 17, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715783/development-of-land-use-regression-models-for-pm2-5-so2-no2-and-o3-in-nanjing-china
#3
Lei Huang, Can Zhang, Jun Bi
Ambient air pollution has been a global problem, especially in China. Comparing with other methods, Land Use Regression (LUR) models can obtain air pollutant concentration distribution at finer scale without the air pollution source data based on a few monitoring sites and predictors. However, limited LUR studies have been conducted on the basis of regular monitoring networks. Thus, we explored the applicability of conducting LUR models for four key air pollutants: PM2.5, SO2, NO2 and O3, on the basis of national monitoring networks which have good representation of areas with different characteristics in Nanjing, China...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712025/side-to-side-asymmetries-in-landing-mechanics-from-a-drop-vertical-jump-test-are-not-related-to-asymmetries-in-knee-joint-laxity-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Christophe A G Meyer, Paul Gette, Caroline Mouton, Romain Seil, Daniel Theisen
PURPOSE: Asymmetries in knee joint biomechanics and increased knee joint laxity in patients following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are considered risk factors for re-tear or early onset of osteoarthritis. Nevertheless, the relationship between these factors has not been established. The aim of the study was to compare knee mechanics during landing from a bilateral drop vertical jump in patients following ACLR and control participants and to study the relationship between side-to-side asymmetries in landing mechanics and knee joint laxity...
July 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711000/ecosystem-services-response-to-urbanization-in-metropolitan-areas-thresholds-identification
#5
Jian Peng, Lu Tian, Yanxu Liu, Mingyue Zhao, Yi'na Hu, Jiansheng Wu
Ecosystem service is the key comprehensive indicator for measuring the ecological effects of urbanization. Although various studies have found a causal relationship between urbanization and ecosystem services degradation, the linear or non-linear characteristics are still unclear, especially identifying the impact thresholds in this relationship. This study quantified four ecosystem services (i.e. soil conservation, carbon sequestration and oxygen production, water yield, and food production) and total ecosystem services (TES), and then identified multiple advantageous area of ecosystem services in the peri-urban area of Beijing City...
July 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710271/novel-alphacoronaviruses-and-paramyxoviruses-co-circulate-with-type-1-and-sars-related-betacoronaviruses-in-synanthropic-bats-in-luxembourg
#6
Maude Pauly, Jacques B Pir, Catherine Loesch, Aurélie Sausy, Chantal J Snoeck, Judith M Hübschen, Claude P Muller
Several infectious disease outbreaks with high mortality in humans have been attributed to viruses that are thought to have evolved from bat viruses. In this study from Luxembourg, the genetic diversity and epidemiology of paramyxoviruses and coronaviruses shed by the bat species Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and Myotis emarginatus was evaluated. Faeces collection (n= 624) was performed longitudinally in a mixed-species colony in 2015 and 2016. In addition, faeces (n= 254) were collected cross-sectionally from six Myotis emarginatus colonies in 2016...
July 14, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709033/vegetated-land-cover-near-residence-is-associated-with-reduced-allostatic-load-and-improved-biomarkers-of-neuroendocrine-metabolic-and-immune-functions
#7
Andrey I Egorov, Shannon M Griffin, Reagan R Converse, Jennifer N Styles, Elizabeth A Sams, Anthony Wilson, Laura E Jackson, Timothy J Wade
BACKGROUND: Greater exposure to urban green spaces has been linked to reduced risks of depression, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and premature death. Alleviation of chronic stress is a hypothesized pathway to improved health. Previous studies linked chronic stress with a biomarker-based composite measure of physiological dysregulation known as allostatic load. OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to assess the relationship between vegetated land cover near residences and allostatic load...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705430/effect-of-long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-on-anxiety-and-depression-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Cristina Vert, Gonzalo Sánchez-Benavides, David Martínez, Xavier Gotsens, Nina Gramunt, Marta Cirach, José Luis Molinuevo, Jordi Sunyer, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Marta Crous-Bou, Mireia Gascon
BACKGROUND: The association between exposure to air pollutants and mental disorders among adults has been suggested, although results are not consistent. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and history of anxiety and depression disorders and of medication use (benzodiazepines and antidepressants) in adults living in Barcelona. METHODS: A total of 958 adults (45-74 years old) residents in Barcelona, most of them having at least one of their parents diagnosed with dementia (86%), and participating in the ALFA (Alzheimer and Families) study, were included...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704731/random-forests-as-cumulative-effects-models-a-case-study-of-lakes-and-rivers-in-muskoka-canada
#9
F Chris Jones, Rachel Plewes, Lorna Murison, Mark J MacDougall, Sarah Sinclair, Christie Davies, John L Bailey, Murray Richardson, John Gunn
Cumulative effects assessment (CEA) - a type of environmental appraisal - lacks effective methods for modeling cumulative effects, evaluating indicators of ecosystem condition, and exploring the likely outcomes of development scenarios. Random forests are an extension of classification and regression trees, which model response variables by recursive partitioning. Random forests were used to model a series of candidate ecological indicators that described lakes and rivers from a case study watershed (The Muskoka River Watershed, Canada)...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700609/organic-farming-enhances-soil-microbial-abundance-and-activity-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#10
Martina Lori, Sarah Symnaczik, Paul Mäder, Gerlinde De Deyn, Andreas Gattinger
Population growth and climate change challenge our food and farming systems and provide arguments for an increased intensification of agriculture. A promising option is eco-functional intensification through organic farming, an approach based on using and enhancing internal natural resources and processes to secure and improve agricultural productivity, while minimizing negative environmental impacts. In this concept an active soil microbiota plays an important role for various soil based ecosystem services such as nutrient cycling, erosion control and pest and disease regulation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697468/emission-factors-of-unintentional-hcb-and-pecbz-and-their-correlation-with-pcdd-pcdf
#11
Wenwen Gong, Heidelore Fiedler, Xiaotu Liu, Bin Wang, Gang Yu
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and pentachlorobenzene (PeCBz) have been listed as unintentional POPs in the annex of the Stockholm Convention and thus, attracted attention by government and researchers. Since the intentional production and use has ceased in most countries, the unintentional releases to the environment have increased. This study gathered 206 and 78 emission factors (EFs) of unintentional HCB and PeCBz from scientific publications and governmental reports, respectively. Most of the EFs referred to the release vector "air" (EFAir) and to a less extent to "product" (EFProduct)...
July 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693451/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-green-space-prevalence-and-mental-wellbeing-in-england
#12
Victoria Houlden, Scott Weich, Stephen Jarvis
BACKGROUND: With urbanisation increasing, it is important to understand how to design changing environments to promote mental wellbeing. Evidence suggests that local-area proportions of green space may be associated with happiness and life satisfaction; however, the available evidence on such associations with more broadly defined mental wellbeing in still very scarce. This study aimed to establish whether the amount of neighbourhood green space was associated with mental wellbeing. METHODS: Data were drawn from Understanding Society, a national survey of 30,900 individuals across 11,096 Census Lower-Layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs) in England, over the period 2009-2010...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689210/residential-air-pollution-road-traffic-greenness-and-maternal-hypertension-results-from-giniplus-and-lisaplus
#13
Mario Jendrossek, Marie Standl, Sibylle Koletzko, Irina Lehmann, Carl-Peter Bauer, Tamara Schikowski, Andrea von Berg, Dietrich Berdel, Joachim Heinrich, Iana Markevych
BACKGROUND: The public health burden of hypertension is high, but its relationship with long-term residential air pollution, road traffic, and greenness remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between residential air pollution, traffic, greenness, and hypertension among mothers. METHODS: Information on doctor-diagnosed maternal hypertension was collected at the 15-year follow-up of two large population-based multicenter German birth cohorts-GINIplus and LISAplus (n=3063)...
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689118/prenatal-and-postnatal-exposure-to-no2-and-child-attentional-function-at-4-5years-of-age
#14
Alexis Sentís, Jordi Sunyer, Albert Dalmau-Bueno, Ainara Andiarena, Ferran Ballester, Marta Cirach, Marisa Estarlich, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Jesús Ibarluzea, Carmen Íñiguez, Aitana Lertxundi, Adonina Tardón, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Martine Vrijheid, Mònica Guxens
BACKGROUND: Prenatal and postnatal exposure to air pollution has been linked to cognitive impairment in children, but very few studies have assessed its association with attentional function. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between prenatal and postnatal exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and attentional function in children at 4-5years of age. METHODS: We used data from four regions of the Spanish INMA-Environment and Childhood-Project, a population-based birth cohort...
July 6, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688358/trace-element-concentrations-in-feathers-and-blood-of-northern-goshawk-accipiter-gentilis-nestlings-from-norway-and-spain
#15
Kevin J Dolan, Tomasz M Ciesielski, Syverin Lierhagen, Igor Eulaers, Torgeir Nygård, Trond V Johnsen, Pilar Gómez-Ramírez, Antonio J García-Fernández, Jan O Bustnes, Manuel E Ortiz-Santaliestra, Veerle L B Jaspers
Information on trace element pollution in the terrestrial environment and its biota is limited compared to the marine environment. In the present study, we collected body feathers and blood of 37 Northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) nestlings from Tromsø (northern Norway), Trondheim (central Norway), and Murcia (southeastern Spain) to study regional exposure, hypothesizing the potential health risks of metals and other trace elements. Blood and body feathers were analyzed by a high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (HR-ICP-MS) for aluminum (Al), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), selenium (Se), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb)...
July 5, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683145/geographical-distribution-of-culicoides-diptera-ceratopogonidae-in-mainland-portugal-presence-absence-modelling-of-vector-and-potential-vector-species
#16
David W Ramilo, Telmo Nunes, Sara Madeira, Fernando Boinas, Isabel Pereira da Fonseca
Vector-borne diseases are not only accounted responsible for their burden on human health-care systems, but also known to cause economic constraints to livestock and animal production. Animals are affected directly by the transmitted pathogens and indirectly when animal movement is restricted. Distribution of such diseases depends on climatic and social factors, namely, environmental changes, globalization, trade and unplanned urbanization. Culicoides biting midges are responsible for the transmission of several pathogenic agents with relevant economic impact...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675771/kinematic-chain-related-risk-factors-in-the-development-of-lower-extremity-injuries-in-women-a-prospective-study
#17
Ruth Verrelst, Damien Van Tiggelen, Roel De Ridder, Erik Witvrouw
The link between dynamic range of motion (dROM) parameters within the kinematic chain and the development of lower extremity (LE) injury have gained attention, however very few longitudinal studies have been conducted. Therefore, we wanted to prospectively determine dROM related risk factors for the development of LE injury. Within this study, 90 female physical education students aged 19.33±0.87 years were tested. Full-body kinematic and vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) parameters were measured during a triple hop jump (THJ)...
July 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672208/design-of-waste-stabilization-pond-systems-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Long T Ho, Wout Van Echelpoel, Peter L M Goethals
A better design instruction for waste stabilization ponds is needed due to their growing application for wastewater purification, increasingly strict environmental regulations, and the fact that most of previous design manuals are outdated. To critically review model-based designs of typical pond treatment systems, this paper analyzed more than 150 articles, books, and reports from 1956 to 2016. The models developed in these publications ranged from simple rules and equations to more complex first-order and mechanistic models...
June 26, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666134/capturing-the-sensitivity-of-land-use-regression-models-to-short-term-mobile-monitoring-campaigns-using-air-pollution-micro-sensors
#19
L Minet, R Gehr, M Hatzopoulou
The development of reliable measures of exposure to traffic-related air pollution is crucial for the evaluation of the health effects of transportation. Land-use regression (LUR) techniques have been widely used for the development of exposure surfaces, however these surfaces are often highly sensitive to the data collected. With the rise of inexpensive air pollution sensors paired with GPS devices, we witness the emergence of mobile data collection protocols. For the same urban area, can we achieve a 'universal' model irrespective of the number of locations and sampling visits? Can we trade the temporal representation of fixed-point sampling for a larger spatial extent afforded by mobile monitoring? This study highlights the challenges of short-term mobile sampling campaigns in terms of the resulting exposure surfaces...
June 27, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664693/readiness-of-adolescents-to-use-genetically-modified-organisms-according-to-their-knowledge-and-emotional-attitude-towards-gmos
#20
Stanisław Lachowski, Anna Jurkiewicz, Piotr Choina, Magdalena Florek-Łuszczki, Agnieszka Buczaj, Małgorzata Goździewska
INTRODUCTION: Agriculture based on genetically modified organisms plays an increasingly important role in feeding the world population, which is evidenced by a considerable growth in the size of land under genetically modified crops (GM). Uncertainty and controversy around GM products are mainly due to the lack of accurate and reliable information, and lack of knowledge concerning the essence of genetic modifications, and the effect of GM food on the human organism, and consequently, a negative emotional attitude towards what is unknown...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
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