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Land use regression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229022/opportunities-drive-the-global-distribution-of-protected-areas
#1
Germán Baldi, Marcos Texeira, Osvaldo A Martin, H Ricardo Grau, Esteban G Jobbágy
BACKGROUND: Protected areas, regarded today as a cornerstone of nature conservation, result from an array of multiple motivations and opportunities. We explored at global and regional levels the current distribution of protected areas along biophysical, human, and biological gradients, and assessed to what extent protection has pursued (i) a balanced representation of biophysical environments, (ii) a set of preferred conditions (biological, spiritual, economic, or geopolitical), or (iii) existing opportunities for conservation regardless of any representation or preference criteria...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216080/patterns-of-waste-generation-a-gradient-boosting-model-for-short-term-waste-prediction-in-new-york-city
#2
Nicholas E Johnson, Olga Ianiuk, Daniel Cazap, Linglan Liu, Daniel Starobin, Gregory Dobler, Masoud Ghandehari
Historical municipal solid waste (MSW) collection data supplied by the New York City Department of Sanitation (DSNY) was used in conjunction with other datasets related to New York City to forecast municipal solid waste generation across the city. Spatiotemporal tonnage data from the DSNY was combined with external data sets, including the Longitudinal Employer Household Dynamics data, the American Community Survey, the New York City Department of Finance's Primary Land Use and Tax Lot Output data, and historical weather data to build a Gradient Boosting Regression Model...
February 15, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214192/land-use-regression-with-long-term-satellite-based-greenness-index-and-culture-specific-sources-to-model-pm2-5-spatial-temporal-variability
#3
Chih-Da Wu, Yu-Cheng Chen, Wen-Chi Pan, Yu-Ting Zeng, Mu-Jean Chen, Yue Leon Guo, Shih-Chun Candice Lung
This study utilized a long-term satellite-based vegetation index, and considered culture-specific emission sources (temples and Chinese restaurants) with Land-use Regression (LUR) modelling to estimate the spatial-temporal variability of PM2.5 using data from Taipei metropolis, which exhibits typical Asian city characteristics. Annual average PM2.5 concentrations from 2006 to 2012 of 17 air quality monitoring stations established by Environmental Protection Administration of Taiwan were used for model development...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214124/increasing-agricultural-land-use-is-associated-with-the-spread-of-an-invasive-fish-gambusia-affinis
#4
Finnbar Lee, Kevin S Simon, George L W Perry
Land-use change and invasive species pose major threats to ecosystems globally. These stressors can act together, with disturbance due to changes in land-use facilitating invasion. We examined the potential for agricultural land use to facilitate the establishment and population growth (abundance) of a globally invasive fish (Gambusia affinis). To achieve this we examined Gambusia presence, abundance, and life history traits in 31 streams spanning an agricultural land use gradient in the North Island of New Zealand...
February 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214120/linking-potential-heat-source-and-sink-to-urban-heat-island-heterogeneous-effects-of-landscape-pattern-on-land-surface-temperature
#5
Weifeng Li, Qiwen Cao, Kun Lang, Jiansheng Wu
Rapid urbanization has significantly contributed to the development of urban heat island (UHI). Regulating landscape composition and configuration would help mitigate the UHI in megacities. Taking Shenzhen, China, as a case study area, we defined heat source and heat sink and identified strong and weak sources as well as strong and weak sinks according to the natural and socioeconomic factors influencing land surface temperature (LST). Thus, the potential thermal contributions of heat source and heat sink patches were differentiated...
February 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208113/ranking-the-factors-influencing-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-build-up-on-urban-roads
#6
An Liu, Yukun Ma, Kaveh Deilami, Prasanna Egodawatta, Ashantha Goonetilleke
An in-depth understanding of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) build-up on urban roads is essential for effective stormwater treatment design. Past research studies have pointed out the relationship between influential factors and PAHs build-up individually. However, these studies do not provide a comprehensive analysis of the relationships and the hierarchy of factors in terms of their importance in influencing PAHs build-up. This paper presents the outcomes of an in-depth investigation into the range of influential factors, including traffic volume, land use, distance to highway and roughness of road surfaces by ranking them in terms of their influence on PAHs build-up...
February 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207752/soilgrids250m-global-gridded-soil-information-based-on-machine-learning
#7
Tomislav Hengl, Jorge Mendes de Jesus, Gerard B M Heuvelink, Maria Ruiperez Gonzalez, Milan Kilibarda, Aleksandar Blagotić, Wei Shangguan, Marvin N Wright, Xiaoyuan Geng, Bernhard Bauer-Marschallinger, Mario Antonio Guevara, Rodrigo Vargas, Robert A MacMillan, Niels H Batjes, Johan G B Leenaars, Eloi Ribeiro, Ichsani Wheeler, Stephan Mantel, Bas Kempen
This paper describes the technical development and accuracy assessment of the most recent and improved version of the SoilGrids system at 250m resolution (June 2016 update). SoilGrids provides global predictions for standard numeric soil properties (organic carbon, bulk density, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), pH, soil texture fractions and coarse fragments) at seven standard depths (0, 5, 15, 30, 60, 100 and 200 cm), in addition to predictions of depth to bedrock and distribution of soil classes based on the World Reference Base (WRB) and USDA classification systems (ca...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205107/tree-biomass-in-the-swiss-landscape-nationwide-modelling-for-improved-accounting-for-forest-and-non-forest-trees
#8
B Price, A Gomez, L Mathys, O Gardi, A Schellenberger, C Ginzler, E Thürig
Trees outside forest (TOF) can perform a variety of social, economic and ecological functions including carbon sequestration. However, detailed quantification of tree biomass is usually limited to forest areas. Taking advantage of structural information available from stereo aerial imagery and airborne laser scanning (ALS), this research models tree biomass using national forest inventory data and linear least-square regression and applies the model both inside and outside of forest to create a nationwide model for tree biomass (above ground and below ground)...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199875/examining-the-impacts-of-increased-corn-production-on-groundwater-quality-using-a-coupled-modeling-system
#9
Valerie Garcia, Ellen Cooter, James Crooks, Brian Hinckley, Mark Murphy, Xiangnan Xing
This study demonstrates the value of a coupled chemical transport modeling system for investigating groundwater nitrate contamination responses associated with nitrogen (N) fertilizer application and increased corn production. The coupled Community Multiscale Air Quality Bidirectional and Environmental Policy Integrated Climate modeling system incorporates agricultural management practices and N exchange processes between the soil and atmosphere to estimate levels of N that may volatilize into the atmosphere, re-deposit, and seep or flow into surface and groundwater...
February 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196846/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-impact-of-neighborhood-social-and-built-environment-on-breast-cancer-risk-the-neighborhoods-and-breast-cancer-study
#10
Shannon M Conroy, Salma Shariff-Marco, Jocelyn Koo, Juan Yang, Theresa H M Keegan, Meera Sangaramoorthy, Andrew Hertz, David O Nelson, Myles Cockburn, William A Satariano, Irene H Yen, Ninez Ponce, Esther M John, Scarlett Lin Gomez
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) has been found to be associated with breast cancer risk. It remains unclear whether this association applies across racial/ethnic groups independent of individual-level factors, and is attributable to other neighborhood characteristics. METHODS: We examined the independent and joint associations of education and nSES with odds of breast cancer. Residential addresses were geocoded for 2,838 cases and 3,117 controls and linked to nSES and social and built environment characteristics...
February 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189072/modeling-the-intraurban-variation-in-nitrogen-dioxide-in-urban-areas-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#11
Anobha Gurung, Jonathan I Levy, Michelle L Bell
BACKGROUND: With growing urbanization, traffic has become one of the main sources of air pollution in Nepal. Understanding the impact of air pollution on health requires estimation of exposure. Land use regression (LUR) modeling is widely used to investigate intraurban variation in air pollution for Western cities, but LUR models are relatively scarce in developing countries. In this study, we developed LUR models to characterize intraurban variation of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in urban areas of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, one of the fastest urbanizing areas in South Asia...
February 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185034/agricultural-activities-and-the-incidence-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-the-general-french-population
#12
Sofiane Kab, Johan Spinosi, Laura Chaperon, Aline Dugravot, Archana Singh-Manoux, Frédéric Moisan, Alexis Elbaz
Most studies on pesticides and Parkinson's disease (PD) focused on occupational exposure in farmers. Whether non-occupational exposure is associated with PD has been little explored. We investigated the association between agricultural characteristics and PD incidence in a French nationwide ecologic study. We hypothesized that persons living in regions with agricultural activities involving more intensive pesticide use would be at higher risk. We identified incident PD cases from French National Health Insurance databases (2010-2012)...
February 9, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177409/increased-soluble-phosphorus-loads-to-lake-erie-unintended-consequences-of-conservation-practices
#13
Helen P Jarvie, Laura T Johnson, Andrew N Sharpley, Douglas R Smith, David B Baker, Tom W Bruulsema, Remegio Confesor
Cumulative daily load time series show that the early 2000s marked a step-change increase in riverine soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) loads entering the Western Lake Erie Basin from three major tributaries: the Maumee, Sandusky, and Raisin Rivers. These elevated SRP loads have been sustained over the last 12 yr. Empirical regression models were used to estimate the contributions from (i) increased runoff from changing weather and precipitation patterns and (ii) increased SRP delivery (the combined effects of increased source availability and/or increased transport efficiency of labile phosphorus [P] fractions)...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177402/the-relationship-between-land-use-and-vulnerability-to-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-pollution-in-an-urban-watershed
#14
Ali Tasdighi, Mazdak Arabi, Deanna L Osmond
Characterization of the vulnerability of water bodies to pollution from natural and anthropogenic sources requires understanding the relationship between land use and water quality. This study aims (i) to explore the influence of upstream land use on annual stream water concentrations and loads of total nitrogen (TN) and phosphorus (TP) and (ii) to characterize the vulnerability of water bodies to TN and TP pollution as a function of land use under varying climatic conditions. Multiple linear regression models were used across 23 stream locations within the Jordan Lake watershed in North Carolina between 1992 and 2012 to explore land use-water quality relationships...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160641/contribution-of-glomalin-to-dissolve-organic-carbon-under-different-land-uses-and-seasonality-in-dry-tropics
#15
Ashutosh Kumar Singh, Apurva Rai, Vivek Pandey, Nandita Singh
Glomalin related soil protein (GRSP) is a hydrophobic glycoprotein that is significant for soil organic carbon (SOC) persistence and sequestration, owing to its large contribution to SOC pool and long turnover time. However, the contribution of GRSP to dissolve OC (DOC) leach from soil is not yet comprehensively explored, though it could have implication in understanding SOC dynamics. We, therefore, aim to measure the contribution of GRSP to DOC, in a range of land uses and climatic seasons in the dry tropical ecosystem...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159394/socioeconomic-position-and-outdoor-nitrogen-dioxide-no2-exposure-in-western-europe-a-multi-city-analysis
#16
Sofia Temam, Emilie Burte, Martin Adam, Josep M Antó, Xavier Basagaña, Jean Bousquet, Anne-Elie Carsin, Bruna Galobardes, Dirk Keidel, Nino Künzli, Nicole Le Moual, Margaux Sanchez, Jordi Sunyer, Roberto Bono, Bert Brunekreef, Joachim Heinrich, Kees de Hoogh, Debbie Jarvis, Alessandro Marcon, Lars Modig, Rachel Nadif, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Isabelle Pin, Valérie Siroux, Morgane Stempfelet, Ming-Yi Tsai, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Bénédicte Jacquemin
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and outdoor air pollution have been reported in Europe, but methodological differences prevent any direct between-study comparison. OBJECTIVES: Assess and compare the association between SEP and outdoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure as a marker of traffic exhaust, in 16 cities from eight Western European countries. METHODS: Three SEP indicators, two defined at individual-level (education and occupation) and one at neighborhood-level (unemployment rate) were assessed in three European multicenter cohorts...
February 1, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157615/application-of-landscape-epidemiology-to-assess-potential-public-health-risk-due-to-poor-sanitation
#17
Kaveh Deilami, John F Hayes, James McGree, Ashantha Goonetilleke
Clear identification of areas vulnerable to waterborne diseases is essential for protecting community health. This is particularly important in developing countries where unsafe disposal of domestic wastewater and limited potable water supply pose potential public health risks. However, data paucity can be a compounding issue. Under these circumstances, landscape epidemiology can be applied as a resource efficient approach for mapping potential disease risk areas associated with poor sanitation. However, in order to realise the full potential offered by this approach, an in-depth understanding of the impact of different classes of an explanatory variable on a target disease and the validity of hotspot analysis using limited datasets is needed...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146300/not-just-a-fallback-food-global-patterns-of-insect-consumption-related-to-geography-not-agriculture
#18
Julie J Lesnik
OBJECTIVES: Insects as food are often viewed as fallback resources and associated with marginal environments. This study investigates the relationship between insect consumption and noncultivated landscapes as well as with other independent variables including latitude, area, population, and gross domestic product. METHODS: Data were obtained from online databases including the World List of Edible Insects, the World Bank, and the World Factbook. RESULTS: A logistic regression model found that latitude could correctly predict the presence of edible insects 80% of the time and that arable land and gross domestic product showed no effect...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143808/contextual-impact-of-neighborhood-obesogenic-factors-on-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-the-multiethnic-cohort
#19
Shannon M Conroy, Christina Clarke, Juan Yang, Salma Shariff-Marco, Yurii B Shvetsov, Song-Yi Park, Cheryl L Albright, Andrew Hertz, Kristine R Monroe, Laurence N Kolonel, Loic Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Iona Cheng
BACKGROUND: While obesity is well-understood to increase breast cancer risk, the role of the neighborhood obesogenic environment, encompassing social and built environment attributes that influence body size, is poorly understood. METHODS: Using principal components factor analysis, five composite factors (neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES), urban, mixed-land development, unhealthy food environment, parks), based on geospatial data were developed to characterize the obesogenic environment for 48,247 postmenopausal women in the Multiethnic Cohort, residing predominately in Los Angeles County...
January 31, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119006/assessing-anthropogenic-impacts-on-riverine-ecosystems-using-nested-partial-least-squares-regression
#20
A R L Ferreira, L F Sanches Fernandes, R M V Cortes, F A L Pacheco
The results of three Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression models were used to gain a holistic view on the consequences of natural processes and anthropogenic pressures for water quality degradation and biodiversity decline in a multi-use watershed. The processes were soil erosion and wildfire risk; the pressures comprised land use conflicts, leachates from domestic and industrial waste, arable farming intensity and livestock density. Water quality was characterized for concentrations of nutrients (nitrate, phosphate), oxygen demands (Biochemical Oxygen Demand - BOD5, Chemical Oxygen Demand - COD) and various metals (e...
January 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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