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Extreme cold weather mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852510/conservation-at-a-slow-pace-terrestrial-gastropods-facing-fast-changing-climate
#1
Annegret Nicolai, Armelle Ansart
The climate is changing rapidly, and terrestrial ectotherms are expected to be particularly vulnerable to changes in temperature and water regime, but also to an increase in extreme weather events in temperate regions. Physiological responses of terrestrial gastropods to climate change are poorly studied. This is surprising, because they are of biodiversity significance among litter-dwelling species, playing important roles in ecosystem function, with numerous species being listed as endangered and requiring efficient conservation management...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806469/climate-change-effects-on-respiratory-health-implications-for-nursing
#2
Maureen George, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Lea Ann Matura
PURPOSE: Greenhouse gases are driving climate change. This article explores the adverse health effects of climate change on a particularly vulnerable population: children and adults with respiratory conditions. APPROACH: This review provides a general overview of the effects of increasing temperatures, extreme weather, desertification, and flooding on asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease, and respiratory infections. We offer suggestions for future research to better understand climate change hazards, policies to support prevention and mitigation efforts targeting climate change, and clinical actions to reduce individual risk...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483863/effects-of-extreme-weather-on-two-sympatric-australian-passerine-bird-species
#3
Janet L Gardner, Eleanor Rowley, Perry de Rebeira, Alma de Rebeira, Lyanne Brouwer
Despite abundant evidence that natural populations are responding to climate change, there are few demonstrations of how extreme climatic events (ECEs) affect fitness. Climate warming increases adverse effects of exposure to high temperatures, but also reduces exposure to cold ECEs. Here, we investigate variation in survival associated with severity of summer and winter conditions, and whether survival is better predicted by ECEs than mean temperatures using data from two coexisting bird species monitored over 37 years in southwestern Australia, red-winged fairy-wrens, Malurus elegans and white-browed scrubwrens, Sericornis frontalis Changes in survival were associated with temperature extremes more strongly than average temperatures...
June 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329929/-influence-of-extreme-weather-on-years-of-life-lost-due-to-diabetes-death-in-chongqing-and-harbin-china
#4
Y H Li, S Q Luo, L Lan, M G Jin, C Yang, J Y He, H B Li, C C Li, Y B Cheng, Y L Jin
Objective: To understand the associations between extremely low and high air temperature and the years of life lost (YLL) due to diabetes deaths in Chongqing and Harbin with different climatic characteristics in China. Methods: A double threshold B-spline distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was used to investigate the lag and cumulative effects of extremely low and high air temperature on YLL due to diabetes for lag 0-30 days by using the urban meteorological and diabetes mortality data of Chongqing (2011-2013) and Harbin (2008-2010)...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051192/global-warming-and-its-health-impact
#5
Antonella Rossati
Since the mid-19th century, human activities have increased greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide in the Earth's atmosphere that resulted in increased average temperature. The effects of rising temperature include soil degradation, loss of productivity of agricultural land, desertification, loss of biodiversity, degradation of ecosystems, reduced fresh-water resources, acidification of the oceans, and the disruption and depletion of stratospheric ozone. All these have an impact on human health, causing non-communicable diseases such as injuries during natural disasters, malnutrition during famine, and increased mortality during heat waves due to complications in chronically ill patients...
January 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586015/impacts-perceptions-and-management-of-climate-related-risks-to-cage-aquaculture-in-the-reservoirs-of-northern-thailand
#6
Louis Lebel, Phimphakan Lebel, Boripat Lebel
Weather is suspected to influence fish growth and survival, and be a factor in mass mortality events in cage aquaculture in reservoirs. The purpose of this study was to identify the important climate-related risks faced by cage aquaculture farms; evaluate how these risks were currently being managed; and explore how farmers might adapt to the effects of climate change. Fish farmers were interviewed across the northern region of Thailand to get information on impacts, perceptions and practices. Drought or low water levels, heat waves, cold spells and periods with dense cloud cover, each caused significant financial losses...
December 2016: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429782/winter-wren-populations-show-adaptation-to-local-climate
#7
Catriona A Morrison, Robert A Robinson, James W Pearce-Higgins
Most studies of evolutionary responses to climate change have focused on phenological responses to warming, and provide only weak evidence for evolutionary adaptation. This could be because phenological changes are more weakly linked to fitness than more direct mechanisms of climate change impacts, such as selective mortality during extreme weather events which have immediate fitness consequences for the individuals involved. Studies examining these other mechanisms may be more likely to show evidence for evolutionary adaptation...
June 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189639/transport-losses-in-finisher-pigs-impact-of-transport-distance-and-season-of-the-year
#8
Eva Voslarova, Vladimir Vecerek, Annamaria Passantino, Petr Chloupek, Iveta Bedanova
OBJECTIVE: The death of animals during transport for slaughter is a major factor indicating the level of welfare in transported animals. The aim of this study was to assess mortality related to the commercial transport of finisher pigs for slaughter in the Czech Republic. METHODS: The inspectors of the State Veterinary Administration of the Czech Republic recorded the numbers of finisher pigs transported to processing plants in the Czech Republic for slaughter and the mortality in these pigs in relation to transport in the period from 2009 to 2014...
January 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869382/public-health-vulnerability-to-wintertime-weather-time-series-regression-and-episode-analyses-of-national-mortality-and-morbidity-databases-to-inform-the-cold-weather-plan-for-england
#9
S Hajat, Z Chalabi, P Wilkinson, B Erens, L Jones, N Mays
OBJECTIVES: To inform development of Public Health England's Cold Weather Plan (CWP) by characterizing pre-existing relationships between wintertime weather and mortality and morbidity outcomes, and identification of groups most at risk. STUDY DESIGN: Time-series regression analysis and episode analysis of daily mortality, emergency hospital admissions, and accident and emergency visits for each region of England. METHODS: Seasonally-adjusted Poisson regression models estimating the percent change in daily health events per 1 °C fall in temperature or during individual episodes of extreme weather...
August 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26683097/the-effects-of-air-pollution-and-temperature-on-copd
#10
Nadia N Hansel, Meredith C McCormack, Victor Kim
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) affects 12-16 million people in the United States and is the third-leading cause of death. In developed countries, smoking is the greatest risk factor for the development of COPD, but other exposures also contribute to the development and progression of the disease. Several studies suggest, though are not definitive, that outdoor air pollution exposure is linked to the prevalence and incidence of COPD. Among individuals with COPD, outdoor air pollutants are associated with loss of lung function and increased respiratory symptoms...
June 2016: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26005951/quantifying-the-influence-of-ambient-temperature-on-dairy-and-beef-cattle-mortality-in-france-from-a-time-series-analysis
#11
Eric Morignat, Emilie Gay, Jean-Luc Vinard, Didier Calavas, Viviane Hénaux
In the context of climate change, the frequency and severity of extreme weather events are expected to increase in temperate regions, and potentially have a severe impact on farmed cattle through production losses or deaths. In this study, we used distributed lag non-linear models to describe and quantify the relationship between a temperature-humidity index (THI) and cattle mortality in 12 areas in France. THI incorporates the effects of both temperature and relative humidity and was already used to quantify the degree of heat stress on dairy cattle because it does reflect physical stress deriving from extreme conditions better than air temperature alone...
July 2015: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26003380/mortality-risk-attributable-to-high-and-low-ambient-temperature-a-multicountry-observational-study
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Antonio Gasparrini, Yuming Guo, Masahiro Hashizume, Eric Lavigne, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel Schwartz, Aurelio Tobias, Shilu Tong, Joacim Rocklöv, Bertil Forsberg, Michela Leone, Manuela De Sario, Michelle L Bell, Yue-Liang Leon Guo, Chang-fu Wu, Haidong Kan, Seung-Muk Yi, Micheline de Sousa Zanotti Stagliorio Coelho, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva, Yasushi Honda, Ho Kim, Ben Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Although studies have provided estimates of premature deaths attributable to either heat or cold in selected countries, none has so far offered a systematic assessment across the whole temperature range in populations exposed to different climates. We aimed to quantify the total mortality burden attributable to non-optimum ambient temperature, and the relative contributions from heat and cold and from moderate and extreme temperatures. METHODS: We collected data for 384 locations in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, UK, and USA...
July 25, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25739007/temperature-variation-and-heat-wave-and-cold-spell-impacts-on-years-of-life-lost-among-the-urban-poor-population-of-nairobi-kenya
#13
Thaddaeus Egondi, Catherine Kyobutungi, Joacim Rocklöv
Weather extremes are associated with adverse health outcomes, including mortality. Studies have investigated the mortality risk of temperature in terms of excess mortality, however, this risk estimate may not be appealing to policy makers assessing the benefits expected for any interventions to be adopted. To provide further evidence of the burden of extreme temperatures, we analyzed the effect of temperature on years of life lost (YLL) due to all-cause mortality among the population in two urban informal settlements...
March 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25643105/mortality-related-to-extreme-temperature-for-15-cities-in-northeast-asia
#14
Yeonseung Chung, Youn-Hee Lim, Yasushi Honda, Yue-Liang Leon Guo, Masahiro Hashizume, Michelle L Bell, Bing-Yu Chen, Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Multisite time-series studies for temperature-related mortality have been conducted mainly in the United States and Europe, but are lacking in Asia. This multisite time-series study examined mortality related to extreme temperatures (both cold and hot) in Northeast Asia, focusing on 15 cities of 3 high-income countries. METHODS: This study includes 3 cities in Taiwan for 1994-2007, 6 cities in Korea for 1992-2010, and 6 cities in Japan for 1972-2009...
March 2015: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25511886/the-effect-of-temperature-on-cardiovascular-disease-hospital-admissions-among-elderly-people-in-thai-nguyen-province-vietnam
#15
Pham Ngan Giang, Do Van Dung, Kim Bao Giang, Hac Van Vinhc, Joacim Rocklöv
BACKGROUND: Projected increases in weather variability due to climate change will have severe consequences on human health, increasing mortality, and disease rates. Among these, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), highly prevalent among the elderly, have been shown to be sensitive to extreme temperatures and heat waves. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to find out the relationship between daily temperature (and other weather parameters) and daily CVD hospital admissions among the elderly population in Thai Nguyen province, a northern province of Vietnam...
2014: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25359123/the-combined-effects-of-a-long-term-experimental-drought-and-an-extreme-drought-on-the-use-of-plant-water-sources-in-a-mediterranean-forest
#16
Adrià Barbeta, Monica Mejía-Chang, Romà Ogaya, Jordi Voltas, Todd E Dawson, Josep Peñuelas
Vegetation in water-limited ecosystems relies strongly on access to deep water reserves to withstand dry periods. Most of these ecosystems have shallow soils over deep groundwater reserves. Understanding the functioning and functional plasticity of species-specific root systems and the patterns of or differences in the use of water sources under more frequent or intense droughts is therefore necessary to properly predict the responses of seasonally dry ecosystems to future climate. We used stable isotopes to investigate the seasonal patterns of water uptake by a sclerophyll forest on sloped terrain with shallow soils...
March 2015: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25352015/acclimatization-across-space-and-time-in-the-effects-of-temperature-on-mortality-a-time-series-analysis
#17
Mihye Lee, Francesco Nordio, Antonella Zanobetti, Patrick Kinney, Robert Vautard, Joel Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Climate change has increased the days of unseasonal temperature. Although many studies have examined the association between temperature and mortality, few have examined the timing of exposure where whether this association varies depending on the exposure month even at the same temperature. Therefore, we investigated monthly differences in the effects of temperature on mortality in a study comprising a wide range of weather and years, and we also investigated heterogeneity among regions...
2014: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25174472/-impact-of-temperature-on-non-accidental-deaths-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-four-districts-of-jinan
#18
Mengmeng Li, Maigeng Zhou, Xia Zhang, Jixia Huang, Li Bai, Shaowei Sang, Ji Zhang, Qiyong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between daily temperature and non-accidental deaths in four districts of Jinan, and to investigate the impact of temperature on cause-specific mortality. METHODS: Data on daily mortality of the four districts (Shizhong, Huaiyin, Tianqiao, Lixia) as well as data related to meteorology and air pollution index were collected from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2012. Distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was then used to assess the effects of temperature on all non-accidental deaths and deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases (CVD), respiratory diseases (RD), digestive diseases, urinary diseases, and also subcategories to hypertension, ischemic heart diseases (IHD), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), cerebro-vascular diseases (CBD) and chronic lower respiratory diseases...
June 2014: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25086705/extremely-cold-and-hot-temperatures-increase-the-risk-of-diabetes-mortality-in-metropolitan-areas-of-two-chinese-cities
#19
Yonghong Li, Li Lan, Yulin Wang, Chao Yang, Wenge Tang, Guoquan Cui, Shuquan Luo, Yibin Cheng, Yingchun Liu, Jingyi Liu, Yinlong Jin
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported the association between ambient temperature and mortality. However, few studies have focused on the effects of extreme temperatures on diabetes mortality, particularly in China. The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of extremely cold and hot temperatures on diabetes mortality in urban areas of Harbin and Chongqing in China to provide scientific evidence for public health policy implementation to respond to challenges in diabetes mortality because of extreme temperature events...
October 2014: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25073563/deaths-attributed-to-heat-cold-and-other-weather-events-in-the-united-states-2006-2010
#20
Jeffrey Berko, Deborah D Ingram, Shubhayu Saha, Jennifer D Parker
OBJECTIVES: This report examines heat-related mortality, cold-related mortality, and other weather-related mortality during 2006-2010 among subgroups of U.S. residents. METHODS: Weather-related death rates for demographic and area-based subgroups were computed using death certificate information. Adjusted odds ratios for weather-related deaths among subgroups were estimated using logistic regression. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: During 2006-2010, about 2,000 U...
July 30, 2014: National Health Statistics Reports
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