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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336125/association-of-chronic-subjective-tinnitus-with-neuro-cognitive-performance
#1
Sunita Gudwani, Sanjay K Munjal, Naresh K Panda, Adarsh Kohli
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subjective tinnitus is associated with cognitive disruptions affecting perception, thinking, language, reasoning, problem solving, memory, visual tasks (reading) and attention. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate existence of any association between tinnitus parameters and neuropsychological performance to explain cognitive processing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design was prospective, consisting 25 patients with idiopathic chronic subjective tinnitus and gave informed consent before planning their treatment...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325935/upgrading-gestalt-psychology-with-variational-neuroethology-the-case-of-perceptual-pleasures-comment-on-answering-schr%C3%A3-dinger-s-question-a-free-energy-formulation-by-m-j-desormeau-ramstead-et-al
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310717/characterization-of-glycosylphosphatidylinositol-biosynthesis-defects-by-clinical-features-flow-cytometry-and-automated-image-analysis
#3
Alexej Knaus, Jean Tori Pantel, Manuela Pendziwiat, Nurulhuda Hajjir, Max Zhao, Tzung-Chien Hsieh, Max Schubach, Yaron Gurovich, Nicole Fleischer, Marten Jäger, Sebastian Köhler, Hiltrud Muhle, Christian Korff, Rikke S Møller, Allan Bayat, Patrick Calvas, Nicolas Chassaing, Hannah Warren, Steven Skinner, Raymond Louie, Christina Evers, Marc Bohn, Hans-Jürgen Christen, Myrthe van den Born, Ewa Obersztyn, Agnieszka Charzewska, Milda Endziniene, Fanny Kortüm, Natasha Brown, Peter N Robinson, Helenius J Schelhaas, Yvonne Weber, Ingo Helbig, Stefan Mundlos, Denise Horn, Peter M Krawitz
BACKGROUND: Glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis defects (GPIBDs) cause a group of phenotypically overlapping recessive syndromes with intellectual disability, for which pathogenic mutations have been described in 16 genes of the corresponding molecular pathway. An elevated serum activity of alkaline phosphatase (AP), a GPI-linked enzyme, has been used to assign GPIBDs to the phenotypic series of hyperphosphatasia with mental retardation syndrome (HPMRS) and to distinguish them from another subset of GPIBDs, termed multiple congenital anomalies hypotonia seizures syndrome (MCAHS)...
January 9, 2018: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287944/prediction-of-early-adverse-events-in-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Allison M Michaud, Shannon I A Parker, Heather Ganshorn, Justin A Ezekowitz, Andrew D McRae
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) accounts for a substantial proportion of Emergency Department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. Previous studies have shown that emergency physicians' clinical gestalt is not sufficient to stratify patients with AHF into severe and requiring hospitalization vs nonsevere and safe to be discharged. Various prognostic algorithms have been developed to risk-stratify patients with AHF, however there is no consensus as to the best-performing risk assessment tool in the ED...
September 12, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285993/figure-ground-processing-a-reassessment-of-gelb-and-granit
#5
Rolf Nelson, Nicholas Hebda
In 1923, Adhemar Gelb and Ragnar Granit, two prominent researchers in early Gestalt perceptual theory, reported a lower threshold for detection of a target (a small colored dot) on the ground region of an image than on an adjacent figural region. Although their results had a wide influence on the understanding of figure-ground perception, they are at odds with more recent investigations in which figural regions appear to have a processing advantage over ground regions. The two present studies replicated Gelb and Granit's experiment using a similar figure-ground stimulus albeit with a two-alternative forced choice procedure rather than their original method of adjustment...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276380/a-multicenter-controlled-study-for-dementia-prevention-through-physical-cognitive-and-social-activities-gestalt-kompakt
#6
Anna Streber, Karim Abu-Omar, Christian Hentschke, Alfred Rütten
Prevention of dementia is a public health priority. Physical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of dementia, but the majority of people remain sedentary. We conducted a multicenter controlled study with older adults (60+ years). We hypothesized that an evidence-based PA intervention - GEhen, Spielen und Tanzen Als Lebenslange Tätigkeiten - kompakt [walking, playing and dancing as lifelong activities-compact] (GESTALT-kompakt) - would lead to significantly larger improvements in PA levels (step counts/Fitbit Zip™), cognitive functions (DemTect) and social activities (Social Activity Log), compared to an active control group...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276010/clinical-gestalt-versus-prognostic-scores-for-prognostication-of-patients-with-acute-symptomatic-pulmonary-embolism
#7
Carlos Andrés Quezada, Celia Zamarro, Vicente Gómez, Ina Guerassimova, Rosa Nieto, Esther Barbero, Diana Chiluiza, Deisy Barrios, Raquel Morillo, David Jiménez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of clinical gestalt to identify patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) at low-risk for short-term complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included a total of 154 consecutive patients diagnosed with acute symptomatic PE in a tertiary university hospital. We compared the prognostic accuracy of the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI), the simplified PESI (sPESI), and clinical gestalt of 1) 2senior physicians (one with and one without experience in the management of patients with PE), 2) a fourth-year resident of Pneumology, 3) a third-year resident of Pneumology, and 4) a second-year resident of Pneumology...
December 21, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258477/computer-face-matching-technology-using-two-dimensional-photographs-accurately-matches-the-facial-gestalt-of-unrelated-individuals-with-the-same-syndromic-form-of-intellectual-disability
#8
Tracy Dudding-Byth, Anne Baxter, Elizabeth G Holliday, Anna Hackett, Sheridan O'Donnell, Susan M White, John Attia, Han Brunner, Bert de Vries, David Koolen, Tjitske Kleefstra, Seshika Ratwatte, Carlos Riveros, Steve Brain, Brian C Lovell
BACKGROUND: Massively parallel genetic sequencing allows rapid testing of known intellectual disability (ID) genes. However, the discovery of novel syndromic ID genes requires molecular confirmation in at least a second or a cluster of individuals with an overlapping phenotype or similar facial gestalt. Using computer face-matching technology we report an automated approach to matching the faces of non-identical individuals with the same genetic syndrome within a database of 3681 images [1600 images of one of 10 genetic syndrome subgroups together with 2081 control images]...
December 19, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251714/early-identification-of-patients-requiring-massive-transfusion-embolization-or-hemostatic-surgery-for-traumatic-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Alexandre Tran, Maher Matar, Jacinthe Lampron, Ewout W Steyerberg, Monica Taljaard, Christian Vaillancourt
BACKGROUND: Delays in appropriate triage of bleeding trauma patients result in poor outcomes. Clinical gestalt is fallible and objective measures of risk stratification are needed. The objective of this review is to identify and assess prediction models and predictors for the early identification of traumatic hemorrhage patients requiring massive transfusion, surgery or embolization. METHODS: We searched electronic databases through to September 31st, 2016 for studies describing clinical, laboratory and imaging predictors available within the first hour of resuscitation for identifying patients requiring major intervention for hemorrhage within the first 24 hours...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248929/familial-x-y-translocation-encompassing-arse-in-two-moroccan-siblings-with-sensorineural-deafness
#10
Saadia Amasdl, Wiam Smaili, Abdelhafid Natiq, Amale Hassani, Aziza Sbiti, Aomar Agadr, Damien Sanlaville, Abdelaziz Sefiani
Unbalanced translocations involving X and Y chromosomes are rare and associated with a contiguous gene syndrome. The clinical phenotype is heterogeneous including mainly short stature, chondrodysplasia punctata, ichthyosis, hypogonadism, and intellectual disability. Here, we report 2 brothers with peculiar gestalt, short stature, and hearing loss, who harbor an X/Y translocation. Physical examination, brainstem acoustic potential evaluation, bone age, hormonal assessment, and X-ray investigations were performed...
December 16, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246450/a-new-principle-of-figure-ground-segregation-the-accentuation
#11
Baingio Pinna, Adam Reeves, Jan Koenderink, Andrea van Doorn, Katia Deiana
The problem of perceptual organization was studied by Gestalt psychologists in terms of figure-ground segregation. In this paper we explore a new principle of figure-ground segregation: accentuation. We demonstrate the effectiveness of accentuation relative to other Gestalt principles, and also considSubmitted to Vision ResearchSubmitted to Vision Researcher it autonomous as it can agree with or oppose them. We consider three dynamic aspects of the principle, namely: attraction, accentuation and assignment...
December 12, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220674/actb-loss-of-function-mutations-result-in-a-pleiotropic-developmental-disorder
#12
Sara Cuvertino, Helen M Stuart, Kate E Chandler, Neil A Roberts, Ruth Armstrong, Laura Bernardini, Sanjeev Bhaskar, Bert Callewaert, Jill Clayton-Smith, Cristina Hernando Davalillo, Charu Deshpande, Koenraad Devriendt, Maria C Digilio, Abhijit Dixit, Matthew Edwards, Jan M Friedman, Antonio Gonzalez-Meneses, Shelagh Joss, Bronwyn Kerr, Anne Katrin Lampe, Sylvie Langlois, Rachel Lennon, Philippe Loget, David Y T Ma, Ruth McGowan, Maryse Des Medt, James O'Sullivan, Sylvie Odent, Michael J Parker, Céline Pebrel-Richard, Florence Petit, Zornitza Stark, Sylvia Stockler-Ipsiroglu, Sigrid Tinschert, Pradeep Vasudevan, Olaya Villa, Susan M White, Farah R Zahir, Adrian S Woolf, Siddharth Banka
ACTB encodes β-actin, an abundant cytoskeletal housekeeping protein. In humans, postulated gain-of-function missense mutations cause Baraitser-Winter syndrome (BRWS), characterized by intellectual disability, cortical malformations, coloboma, sensorineural deafness, and typical facial features. To date, the consequences of loss-of-function ACTB mutations have not been proven conclusively. We describe heterozygous ACTB deletions and nonsense and frameshift mutations in 33 individuals with developmental delay, apparent intellectual disability, increased frequency of internal organ malformations (including those of the heart and the renal tract), growth retardation, and a recognizable facial gestalt (interrupted wavy eyebrows, dense eyelashes, wide nose, wide mouth, and a prominent chin) that is distinct from characteristics of individuals with BRWS...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198724/monoallelic-bmp2-variants-predicted-to-result-in-haploinsufficiency-cause-craniofacial-skeletal-and-cardiac-features-overlapping-those-of-20p12-deletions
#13
Tiong Yang Tan, Claudia Gonzaga-Jauregui, Elizabeth J Bhoj, Kevin A Strauss, Karlla Brigatti, Erik Puffenberger, Dong Li, LiQin Xie, Nanditha Das, Ioanna Skubas, Ron A Deckelbaum, Virginia Hughes, Susannah Brydges, Sarah Hatsell, Chia-Jen Siao, Melissa G Dominguez, Aris Economides, John D Overton, Valerie Mayne, Peter J Simm, Bryn O Jones, Stefanie Eggers, Gwenaël Le Guyader, Fanny Pelluard, Tobias B Haack, Marc Sturm, Angelika Riess, Stephan Waldmueller, Michael Hofbeck, Katharina Steindl, Pascal Joset, Anita Rauch, Hakon Hakonarson, Naomi L Baker, Peter G Farlie
Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) in chromosomal region 20p12 belongs to a gene superfamily encoding TGF-β-signaling proteins involved in bone and cartilage biology. Monoallelic deletions of 20p12 are variably associated with cleft palate, short stature, and developmental delay. Here, we report a cranioskeletal phenotype due to monoallelic truncating and frameshift BMP2 variants and deletions in 12 individuals from eight unrelated families that share features of short stature, a recognizable craniofacial gestalt, skeletal anomalies, and congenital heart disease...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191490/prognosticating-clinical-prediction-scores-without-clinical-gestalt-for-patients-with-chest-pain-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Chin Pang Wong, Chun Tat Lui, Jonathan Gabriel Sung, Ho Lam, Hin Tat Fung, Ping Wa Yam
BACKGROUND: Assessment of patients with chest pain is a regular challenge in the emergency department (ED). Recent guidelines recommended quantitative assessment of ischemic risk by means of risk scores. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the performance of Thrombosis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI); Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE); history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, and troponin (HEART) scores; and the North America Chest Pain Rule (NACPR) without components of clinical gestalt in predicting 30-day major adverse cardiac events (MACE)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187580/computer-aided-recognition-of-facial-attributes-for-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#15
Matthew Valentine, Dustin C J Bihm, Lior Wolf, H Eugene Hoyme, Philip A May, David Buckley, Wendy Kalberg, Omar A Abdul-Rahman
OBJECTIVES: To compare the detection of facial attributes by computer-based facial recognition software of 2-D images against standard, manual examination in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). METHODS: Participants were gathered from the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Epidemiology Research database. Standard frontal and oblique photographs of children were obtained during a manual, in-person dysmorphology assessment. Images were submitted for facial analysis conducted by the facial dysmorphology novel analysis technology (an automated system), which assesses ratios of measurements between various facial landmarks to determine the presence of dysmorphic features...
November 29, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185871/psychometric-and-faciometric-support-for-observable-facial-feminization-in-gay-men
#16
Julia M Robertson, Barbara E Kingsley, Gina C Ford
Though male homosexuality appears to be evolutionarily paradoxical, phenotypic feminization has been offered as a route for three current models positing a genetic basis for male homosexuality. We tested whether facial feminization is observable in gay men in two studies. In Study 1, using two composite images of gay and of heterosexual men, naive participants (N = 308) rated the 'gay' face more highly on stereotypically feminine traits and actual femininity and the 'heterosexual' face more highly on stereotypically masculine traits and actual masculinity...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177926/can-physician-gestalt-predict-survival-in-patients-with-resectable-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#17
Linda M Pak, Mithat Gonen, Kenneth Seier, Vinod P Balachandran, Michael I D'Angelica, William R Jarnagin, T Peter Kingham, Peter J Allen, Richard K G Do, Amber L Simpson
PURPOSE: Clinician gestalt may hold unexplored information that can be capitalized upon to improve existing nomograms. The study objective was to evaluate physician ability to predict 2-year overall survival (OS) in resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients based on pre-operative clinical characteristics and routine CT imaging. METHODS: Ten surgeons and two radiologists were provided with a clinical vignette (including age, gender, presenting symptoms, and pre-operative CA19-9 when available) and pre-operative CT scan for 20 resected PDAC patients and asked to predict the probability of each patient reaching 2-year OS...
November 24, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170625/connectopathy-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-review-of-evidence-from-visual-evoked-potentials-and-diffusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
REVIEW
Takao Yamasaki, Toshihiko Maekawa, Takako Fujita, Shozo Tobimatsu
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show superior performance in processing fine details; however, they often exhibit impairments of gestalt face, global motion perception, and visual attention as well as core social deficits. Increasing evidence has suggested that social deficits in ASD arise from abnormal functional and structural connectivities between and within distributed cortical networks that are recruited during social information processing. Because the human visual system is characterized by a set of parallel, hierarchical, multistage network systems, we hypothesized that the altered connectivity of visual networks contributes to social cognition impairment in ASD...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169918/the-use-of-body-habitus-reference-images-improves-the-ability-of-novices-to-accurately-estimate-children-s-weight-using-the-pawper-xl-tape-system
#19
Mike Wells, Lara Nicole Goldstein, Alison Bentley
BACKGROUND: The original methodology of the PAWPER (Pediatric Advanced Weight Prediction in the Emergency Room) tape relies on a gestalt visual assessment of a child's body habitus to adjust a length-based weight estimation. This assessment is dependent on the user's subjective opinion, which may result in aberrations in accuracy between users and populations. With the development of the second-generation PAWPER XL tape, a more objective method of habitus evaluation was desired. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a new, more objective figural reference image system and a new checklist system for quantifying body habitus...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140751/further-delineation-of-the-oculoauricular-syndrome-phenotype-a-new-family-with-a-novel-truncating-hmx1-mutation
#20
Ghada M H Abdel-Salam, Mohamed S Abdel-Hamid, Mennat I Mehrez, Ahmad M Kamal, Mohamed B Taher, Hanan H Afifi
Biallelic HMX1 mutations cause a very rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder termed as oculoauricular syndrome (OAS) because it is characterized only by the combination of eye and ear anomalies. We identified a new family bringing to three the total families reported with this disorder. Our proband presented with anteriorly protruded ears and malformed ear pinnae in association with microphthalmia, congenital cataract, microcornea, and iris and optic disc colobomata. Additionally, he had high and broad forehead with asymmetry giving a recognizable facial gestalt...
November 15, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
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