keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Principals of medical education

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064391/survey-of-family-history-taking-and-genetic-testing-in-pediatric-practice
#1
Robert A Saul, Tracy Trotter, Kerry Sease, Beth Tarini
Family health history collection and genetic testing are core elements for the successful translation of genomics into primary care practice. Yet, little is known about how pediatric providers implement these elements in practice. We surveyed the membership of the American Academy of Pediatrics regarding family health history (FHH) collection and genetic testing in the primary care setting. Three hundred forty-nine (349) responses were analyzed with the initial response rate of 43.3%. Four principal findings were noted-(1) family health history is still recognized as a critical part of the medical evaluation; (2) perceived obstacles for FHH are time in obtaining the FHH and concerns about the family's knowledge of their FHH; (3) a 3-generation family history is out of the scope of routine care and alternate methods should be considered; (4) most primary care providers (PCPs) do not feel comfortable ordering, interpreting, and counseling regarding current genetic testing...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008695/family-members-experience-of-intensive-care-unit-support-group-qualitative-analysis-of-intervention
#2
Dvora Kirshbaum-Moriah, Chaya Harel, Julie Benbenishty
BACKGROUND: Family members of intensive care unit patients develop anxiety, depression and/or symptoms suggestive of risk for post-traumatic stress. Nurse-led support groups have been recommended and used in a variety of settings as a mechanism to help meet family needs and overcome challenges. These groups have been reported to increase the members' understanding of complex medical issues involved in their situations and to be helpful in identifying practical coping mechanisms. AIM: To investigate the experiences of family members participating in a nurse-social worker led support group in the intensive care unit...
December 22, 2016: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980887/rural-community-as-context-and-teacher-for-health-professions-education
#3
REVIEW
Kedar Baral, Jill Allison, Shambu Upadhyay, Shital Bhandary, Shrijana Shrestha, Tia Renouf
Nepal is a low-income, landlocked country located on the Indian subcontinent between China and India. The challenge of finding human resources for rural community health care settings is not unique to Nepal. In spite of the challenges, the health sector has made significant improvement in national health indices over the past half century. However, in terms of access to and quality of health services and impact, there remains a gross urban-rural disparity. The Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS) has adopted a community-based education model, termed "community based learning and education" (CBLE), as one of the principal strategies and pedagogic methods...
November 7, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958760/the-challenges-and-issues-of-undergraduate-student-retention-and-attainment-in-uk-veterinary-medical-education
#4
Elizabeth L Jackson, Elizabeth Armitage-Chan
Student retention and attainment has recently been identified as a key area for development in veterinary medical education enquiry. Woodfield's research on retention and attainment across the UK disciplines has yielded some unique information about the challenges and issues of students who study veterinary medicine and related subjects. The present literature review aims to expand on Woodfield's findings and explain important issues about retention and attainment across veterinary medicine. Overall, the subject of retention and attainment in undergraduate veterinary medical education needs a great deal more empirical attention, such as data on the retention and attainment of mature and widening access students, and the effects of students being placed at remote locations during their studies...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958241/psychometric-properties-of-a-turkish-version-of-the-oral-health-impact-profile-14
#5
N Balci, N Alkan, C A Gurgan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze and evaluate a Turkish translation of the oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) in a Turkish population to provide an objective standard for future studies. METHODS: This cross-sectional research study consisted of three independent studies. Data were collected utilizing a personal interview and a review of periodontal records. This study was performed on 1205 subjects who were visiting for routine medical check-ups...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933202/screening-and-management-of-viral-hepatitis-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-mongolia-results-from-a-survey-of-mongolian-physicians-from-all-major-provinces-of-mongolia
#6
Yoona A Kim, Jacqueline Estevez, An Le, Dennis Israelski, Oidov Baatarkhuu, Tserenchimed Sarantuya, Sonom Narantsetseg, Pagbajabyn Nymadawa, Richard H Le, Man-Fung Yuen, Geoffrey Dusheiko, Mario Rizzetto, Mindie H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: According to Globocan, Mongolia has the highest worldwide hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) incidence (78.1/100 000, 3.5× higher than China). AIMS AND METHODS: We conducted an anonymous survey of physicians from major provinces who attended an educational liver symposium, analysing their demography, practice, knowledge, perceptions and proposed solutions. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate OR relating demography and practice factors with higher provider knowledge and improvement...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904637/development-and-initial-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-hospitalization-related-stressors-questionnaire-for-elderly-patients
#7
Zahra Musavi, Mousa Alavi, Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Habibollah Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Various factors threaten the health and recovery of hospitalized elderly, including stressors in medical service centers. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to develop and preliminary validate a measurement tool to assess hospitalization-related stressors (HRS) among the elderly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This methodological research was conducted in 2015. The study was performed in two main phases. In the first phase, which was to develop the questionnaire, the data were collected through literature review, interview with few elderly patients, and calculating content validity index with the participation of 16 experts...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894730/living-with-chronic-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Eva Widerström-Noga, Kimberly D Anderson, Salomé Perez, Judith P Hunter, Alberto Martinez-Arizala, James P Adcock, Maydelis Escalona
OBJECTIVE: To identify the relative importance of positive (facilitators) and negative (barriers) contributors to living with chronic pain after spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Mixed-methods: (1) Qualitative: Individual semi-structured, open-ended interviews identifying facilitator/barrier themes; (2) Quantitative: Converting the most common themes into statements and quantifying agreement with these in an online survey to determine relative importance, underlying dimensions and their associations with perceived difficulty in dealing with pain...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871179/validating-competencies-for-an-undergraduate-training-program-in-rural-medicine-using-the-delphi-technique
#9
Eneline Ah Gouveia, Taciana D Braga, Sandra A Heráclio, Bruno Henrique S Pessoa
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide,<b> </b>half the population lives in rural or remote areas; however, less than 25% of doctors work in such regions. Despite the continental dimensions of Brazil and its enormous cultural diversity, only some medical schools in this country offer students the opportunity to acquire work experience focused on medicine in rural or remote areas. The objective of the present study was to develop a framework of competencies for a longitudinal medical training program in rural medicine as an integrated part of medical training in Brazil...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824260/underrepresented-minorities-in-medical-school-admissions-a-qualitative-study
#10
Margaret A Hadinger
: Phenomenon: This study explored Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino medical students' perceptions of the medical school admissions process. Previous research has explored other elements of the medical education continuum. However, little is known regarding minorities' perceptions of navigating the medical school admissions process. To address this gap in the literature, this exploratory study suggests a conceptual model describing why minorities apply to medical school and the influences affecting their admissions experience...
November 8, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802178/impostor-syndrome-and-burnout-among-american-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#11
Jennifer A Villwock, Lindsay B Sobin, Lindsey A Koester, Tucker M Harris
Objectives: To describe levels of burnout and impostor syndrome (IS) in medical students, and to recognize demographic differences in those experiencing burnout and IS. Methods: Research participants included 2,612 medical students who entered Jefferson Medical College between 2002 and 2012. This sample was divided into two groups: Matriculants between 2002 and 2007 (n=1,380) and between 2008 and 2012 (n=1,232). Data for 2002-2007 matriculants were subjected to EFA (principal component factor extraction), and data for matriculants of 2008-2012 were used for CFA (structural equation modeling, and root mean square error for approximation)...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798553/misuse-of-opioids-in-orthopaedic-post-operative-patients
#12
Gangavalli Anup, Malige Ajith, Terres George, Rehman Saqib, Nwachuku Chinenye
OBJECTIVE: In light of the recent uptrend in the prescription of opioids, this study seeks to identify patterns of opioid misuse among orthopaedic post-operative patients and principal external sources in obtaining these medications. DESIGN: Ten-month survey based study. SETTING: Two Level-I trauma centers (urban and suburban). PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: 207 patients between the ages of 18 to 89 years who underwent surgical fixation of fractures involving the pelvis, long bones or peri-articular regions of the knee, ankle, elbow and wrist...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796130/-use-of-the-short-5-item-version-of-the-who-well-being-questionnaire-in-first-year-students-of-semmelweis-university
#13
Mariann Dinyáné Szabó, Gabriella Pusztai
INTRODUCTION: Studies on well-being of students in higher education are in the centre of international research interest, because adult health as a value plays an important role in the life of future generation. AIM: The authors studied variables that affect the value of well-being (satisfaction with life, student success, satisfaction with academic infrastructure, sports and financial situation of parents) among medical and health science students starting their studies...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708005/leadership-and-the-medical-registrar-how-can-organisations-support-these-unsung-heroes
#14
REVIEW
Tim Blake, Andrew Whallett
Medical registrars have been described as the 'workhorses' of National Health Service hospitals, being at the interface of acute and chronic health services. They are expected to demonstrate effective leadership skills. There are concerns from the Royal College of Physicians that medical registrars are being overwhelmed and unsupported by organisations, and are struggling in their ability to provide safe, high-quality patient care. Junior colleagues are also being deterred by general medical specialties by the prospect of becoming the 'Med Reg'...
December 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695331/predicting-episodic-memory-performance-using-different-biomarkers-results-from-argentina-alzheimer-s-disease-neuroimaging-initiative
#15
María Julieta Russo, Gabriela Cohen, Patricio Chrem Mendez, Jorge Campos, Federico E Nahas, Ezequiel I Surace, Silvia Vazquez, Deborah Gustafson, Salvador Guinjoan, Ricardo F Allegri, Gustavo Sevlever
PURPOSE: Argentina-Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (Arg-ADNI) is the first ADNI study to be performed in Latin America at a medical center with the appropriate infrastructure. Our objective was to describe baseline characteristics and to examine whether biomarkers related to Alzheimer's disease (AD) physiopathology were associated with worse memory performance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen controls and 28 mild cognitive impairment and 13 AD dementia subjects were included...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677640/exploring-the-reasons-why-pharmacists-dispense-antibiotics-without-prescriptions-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#16
Anas M A Salim, Bashir Elgizoli
OBJECTIVES: The principal aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of community pharmacists in Khartoum State, Sudan about why they dispense antibiotics without prescription, and to understand their opinions about why they think patients self-medicate. METHODS: This was a qualitative exploratory interview study. Individual, in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 30 community pharmacists working in Khartoum State, Sudan in the period from May to June 2015...
February 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644621/cancer-screening-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-under-and-post-graduate-students-at-kasr-al-ainy-school-of-medicine-cairo-university-egypt
#17
Amal Samir Sedrak, Yasmine Samir Galal, Tarek Tawfik Amin
BACKGROUND: Increasing knowledge and awareness of cancer screening significantly influence health promotion behavior which could markedly reduce incidence rates. In many countries, health care providers are the principal source of information concerning cancer screening. This study was carried out to assess the level of knowledge concerning cancer screening among medical students, house officers and residents and to explore their attitude towards cancer screening practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kasr Al Ainy Medical School at Cairo University in Egypt, with 300 undergraduate medical students and 150 postgraduates (interns and residents) enrolled...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620854/socioeconomic-disparities-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-prevalence-and-self-management-behaviors-in-rural-southwest-china
#18
Cai Le, Su Rong, You Dingyun, Cui Wenlong
BACKGROUND: This study examines how socioeconomic factors are associated with prevalence and self-management of diabetes among ethnic minority groups in the rural Yunnan province, which has the most ethnic minority groups per province in southwest China. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2014 in a rural southwest population consisting of 5532 consenting individuals aged ⩾35years. Information about participants' demographic characteristics, as well as diabetes diagnosis, treatment, and self-management behaviors, were obtained using a standard questionnaire...
November 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613898/access-to-subsidized-smoking-cessation-medications-by-australian-smokers-aged-45-years-and-older-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Adam Skinner, Alys Havard, Duong Thuy Tran, Louisa R Jorm
INTRODUCTION: The principal aim of this study was to assess the accessibility of subsidized cessation medications to socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers, including smokers living in regional and remote communities. METHODS: Analyses used baseline questionnaire and linked Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data for 18 686 regular smokers participating in the 45 and Up Study, a large-scale Australian cohort study of people aged 45 years and older. Participants who were dispensed nicotine replacement therapy, varenicline, or bupropion were identified from the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data, which provide an essentially complete record of participants' access to subsidized pharmaceuticals...
August 1, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605679/deconstructing-chronic-low-back-pain-in-the-older-adult-step-by-step-evidence-and-expert-based-recommendations-for-evaluation-and-treatment-part-x-sacroiliac-joint-syndrome
#20
Patrick J Polsunas, Gwendolyn Sowa, Julie M Fritz, Angela Gentili, Natalia E Morone, Srinivasa Naga Raja, Eric Rodriguez, Kenneth Schmader, Joel D Scholten, Debra K Weiner
OBJECTIVE: To present an algorithm of sequential treatment options for managing sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain in the setting of chronic low back pain (CLBP) in the older adult. This is the tenth part in a series, and includes an illustrative clinical case. METHODS: The stepped care drug table and evaluation and treatment algorithm were created following a thorough literature review of approaches and subsequent analysis through a modified Delphi process. The principal investigator developed the initial draft, which was refined for content by an interdisciplinary panel of five experts...
September 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
keyword
keyword
56309
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"