keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Principals of medical education

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186840/fertility-preservation-care-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-an-inquiry-to-quantify-professionals-barriers
#1
Nikoletta Panagiotopoulou, Frederik W van Delft, Juliet P Hale, Jane A Stewart
PURPOSE: There is a growing interest in fertility preservation as emerging research is highlighting the prevalence of infertility among young cancer survivors and its negative impact on quality of life. Previous qualitative research has identified barriers of fertility preservation care among professionals. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of these barriers among pediatric and adolescent oncology healthcare professionals and evaluate factors that influence them. METHODS: Based on previously identified barriers and experts' input, a questionnaire was developed and sent to 88 professionals drawn from the multidisciplinary pediatric and adolescent oncology team of a large Principal Treatment Centre...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174318/integrating-quality-improvement-education-into-the-nephrology-curricular-milestones-framework-and-the-clinical-learning-environment-review
#2
Lisa K Prince, Dustin J Little, Katherine I Schexneider, Christina M Yuan
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires that trainees show progressive milestone attainment in the practice-based learning and systems-based practice competencies. As part of the Clinical Learning Environment Review, sponsoring hospitals must educate trainees in health care quality improvement, provide them with specialty-specific quality data, and ensure trainee participation in quality improvement activities and committees. Subspecialty-specific quality improvement curricula in nephrology training programs have not been reported, although considerable curricular and assessment material exists for specialty residencies, including tools for assessing trainee and faculty competence...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156508/development-and-validation-of-the-clinician-palliative-perception-scale-cpps
#3
(no author information available yet)
: 179 Background: Worldwide healthcare systems identify a need to provide better evidence based service models for palliative care. There is little data and no standard tool that informs clinicians' perceptions on palliative care to identify areas for service improvement and education. We aimed to develop and validate a tool to determine perceptions of hospital staff on palliative care provision, self confidence in providing palliative care, and predictors and barriers to requesting assistance...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120259/a-practical-approach-to-programmatic-assessment-design
#4
A A Timmerman, J Dijkstra
Assessment of complex tasks integrating several competencies calls for a programmatic design approach. As single instruments do not provide the information required to reach a robust judgment of integral performance, 73 guidelines for programmatic assessment design were developed. When simultaneously applying these interrelated guidelines, it is challenging to keep a clear overview of all assessment activities. The goal of this study was to provide practical support for applying a programmatic approach to assessment design, not bound to any specific educational paradigm...
January 24, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114830/substance-use-and-misuse-in-a-mountain-ultramarathon-new-insight-into-ultrarunners-population
#5
Sandra Didier, Jean-Charles Vauthier, Nicolas Gambier, Pierre Renaud, Bruno Chenuel, Mathias Poussel
Endurance and ultra-endurance events have become increasingly popular. The aim of our study was to explore the use of medication among endurance runners participating in the 2014 Infernal Trail des Vosges. Among the 389 runners engaged, 297 (76.3%) completed a specific questionnaire dealing with substance use/misuse. Our results show a 27% (before the race) and 18% (during the race) prevalence of substance use. The two major classes of substances used were non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; 9.8%) and painkillers (6...
January 23, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099310/national-institutes-of-health-funding-to-departments-of-orthopaedic-surgery-at-u-s-medical-schools
#6
Jason Silvestre, Jaimo Ahn, L Scott Levin
BACKGROUND: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the largest supporter of biomedical research in the U.S., yet its contribution to orthopaedic research is poorly understood. In this study, we analyzed the portfolio of NIH funding to departments of orthopaedic surgery at U.S. medical schools. METHODS: The NIH RePORT (Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools) database was queried for NIH grants awarded to departments of orthopaedic surgery in 2014. Funding totals were determined for award mechanisms and NIH institutes...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064391/survey-of-family-history-taking-and-genetic-testing-in-pediatric-practice
#7
Robert A Saul, Tracy Trotter, Kerry Sease, Beth Tarini
Family health history collection and genetic testing are core elements for the successful translation of genomics into primary care practice. Yet, little is known about how pediatric providers implement these elements in practice. We surveyed the membership of the American Academy of Pediatrics regarding family health history (FHH) collection and genetic testing in the primary care setting. Three hundred forty-nine (349) responses were analyzed with the initial response rate of 43.3%. Four principal findings were noted-(1) family health history is still recognized as a critical part of the medical evaluation; (2) perceived obstacles for FHH are time in obtaining the FHH and concerns about the family's knowledge of their FHH; (3) a 3-generation family history is out of the scope of routine care and alternate methods should be considered; (4) most primary care providers (PCPs) do not feel comfortable ordering, interpreting, and counseling regarding current genetic testing...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008695/family-members-experience-of-intensive-care-unit-support-group-qualitative-analysis-of-intervention
#8
Dvora Kirshbaum-Moriah, Chaya Harel, Julie Benbenishty
BACKGROUND: Family members of intensive care unit patients develop anxiety, depression and/or symptoms suggestive of risk for post-traumatic stress. Nurse-led support groups have been recommended and used in a variety of settings as a mechanism to help meet family needs and overcome challenges. These groups have been reported to increase the members' understanding of complex medical issues involved in their situations and to be helpful in identifying practical coping mechanisms. AIM: To investigate the experiences of family members participating in a nurse-social worker led support group in the intensive care unit...
December 22, 2016: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980887/rural-community-as-context-and-teacher-for-health-professions-education
#9
REVIEW
Kedar Baral, Jill Allison, Shambu Upadhyay, Shital Bhandary, Shrijana Shrestha, Tia Renouf
Nepal is a low-income, landlocked country located on the Indian subcontinent between China and India. The challenge of finding human resources for rural community health care settings is not unique to Nepal. In spite of the challenges, the health sector has made significant improvement in national health indices over the past half century. However, in terms of access to and quality of health services and impact, there remains a gross urban-rural disparity. The Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS) has adopted a community-based education model, termed "community based learning and education" (CBLE), as one of the principal strategies and pedagogic methods...
November 7, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958760/the-challenges-and-issues-of-undergraduate-student-retention-and-attainment-in-uk-veterinary-medical-education
#10
Elizabeth L Jackson, Elizabeth Armitage-Chan
Student retention and attainment has recently been identified as a key area for development in veterinary medical education enquiry. Woodfield's research on retention and attainment across the UK disciplines has yielded some unique information about the challenges and issues of students who study veterinary medicine and related subjects. The present literature review aims to expand on Woodfield's findings and explain important issues about retention and attainment across veterinary medicine. Overall, the subject of retention and attainment in undergraduate veterinary medical education needs a great deal more empirical attention, such as data on the retention and attainment of mature and widening access students, and the effects of students being placed at remote locations during their studies...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958241/psychometric-properties-of-a-turkish-version-of-the-oral-health-impact-profile-14
#11
N Balci, N Alkan, C A Gurgan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze and evaluate a Turkish translation of the oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) in a Turkish population to provide an objective standard for future studies. METHODS: This cross-sectional research study consisted of three independent studies. Data were collected utilizing a personal interview and a review of periodontal records. This study was performed on 1205 subjects who were visiting for routine medical check-ups...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933202/screening-and-management-of-viral-hepatitis-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-mongolia-results-from-a-survey-of-mongolian-physicians-from-all-major-provinces-of-mongolia
#12
Yoona A Kim, Jacqueline Estevez, An Le, Dennis Israelski, Oidov Baatarkhuu, Tserenchimed Sarantuya, Sonom Narantsetseg, Pagbajabyn Nymadawa, Richard H Le, Man-Fung Yuen, Geoffrey Dusheiko, Mario Rizzetto, Mindie H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: According to Globocan, Mongolia has the highest worldwide hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) incidence (78.1/100 000, 3.5× higher than China). AIMS AND METHODS: We conducted an anonymous survey of physicians from major provinces who attended an educational liver symposium, analysing their demography, practice, knowledge, perceptions and proposed solutions. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate OR relating demography and practice factors with higher provider knowledge and improvement...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904637/development-and-initial-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-hospitalization-related-stressors-questionnaire-for-elderly-patients
#13
Zahra Musavi, Mousa Alavi, Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Habibollah Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Various factors threaten the health and recovery of hospitalized elderly, including stressors in medical service centers. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to develop and preliminary validate a measurement tool to assess hospitalization-related stressors (HRS) among the elderly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This methodological research was conducted in 2015. The study was performed in two main phases. In the first phase, which was to develop the questionnaire, the data were collected through literature review, interview with few elderly patients, and calculating content validity index with the participation of 16 experts...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894730/living-with-chronic-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Eva Widerström-Noga, Kimberly D Anderson, Salomé Perez, Judith P Hunter, Alberto Martinez-Arizala, James P Adcock, Maydelis Escalona
OBJECTIVE: To identify the relative importance of positive (facilitators) and negative (barriers) contributors to living with chronic pain after spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Mixed-methods: (1) Qualitative: Individual semi-structured, open-ended interviews identifying facilitator/barrier themes; (2) Quantitative: Converting the most common themes into statements and quantifying agreement with these in an online survey to determine relative importance, underlying dimensions and their associations with perceived difficulty in dealing with pain...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871179/validating-competencies-for-an-undergraduate-training-program-in-rural-medicine-using-the-delphi-technique
#15
Eneline Ah Gouveia, Taciana D Braga, Sandra A Heráclio, Bruno Henrique S Pessoa
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide,<b> </b>half the population lives in rural or remote areas; however, less than 25% of doctors work in such regions. Despite the continental dimensions of Brazil and its enormous cultural diversity, only some medical schools in this country offer students the opportunity to acquire work experience focused on medicine in rural or remote areas. The objective of the present study was to develop a framework of competencies for a longitudinal medical training program in rural medicine as an integrated part of medical training in Brazil...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824260/underrepresented-minorities-in-medical-school-admissions-a-qualitative-study
#16
Margaret A Hadinger
: Phenomenon: This study explored Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino medical students' perceptions of the medical school admissions process. Previous research has explored other elements of the medical education continuum. However, little is known regarding minorities' perceptions of navigating the medical school admissions process. To address this gap in the literature, this exploratory study suggests a conceptual model describing why minorities apply to medical school and the influences affecting their admissions experience...
November 8, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802178/impostor-syndrome-and-burnout-among-american-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#17
Jennifer A Villwock, Lindsay B Sobin, Lindsey A Koester, Tucker M Harris
Objectives: To describe levels of burnout and impostor syndrome (IS) in medical students, and to recognize demographic differences in those experiencing burnout and IS. Methods: Anonymous survey administered online in 2014 that included demographic data, the Maslach Burnout Inventory and an IS screening questionnaire. Main outcome measures were level of burnout, and presence or absence of imposter syndrome. The presence of IS and burnout components were analyzed across age, gender, race, year of training, intention to pursue fellowship training, and greater than one year of work experience outside of medicine using chi-squared tests...
31, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798553/misuse-of-opioids-in-orthopaedic-post-operative-patients
#18
Gangavalli Anup, Malige Ajith, Terres George, Rehman Saqib, Nwachuku Chinenye
OBJECTIVE: In light of the recent uptrend in the prescription of opioids, this study seeks to identify patterns of opioid misuse among orthopaedic post-operative patients and principal external sources in obtaining these medications. DESIGN: Ten-month survey based study. SETTING: Two Level-I trauma centers (urban and suburban). PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: 207 patients between the ages of 18 to 89 years who underwent surgical fixation of fractures involving the pelvis, long bones or peri-articular regions of the knee, ankle, elbow and wrist...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796130/-use-of-the-short-5-item-version-of-the-who-well-being-questionnaire-in-first-year-students-of-semmelweis-university
#19
Mariann Dinyáné Szabó, Gabriella Pusztai
INTRODUCTION: Studies on well-being of students in higher education are in the centre of international research interest, because adult health as a value plays an important role in the life of future generation. AIM: The authors studied variables that affect the value of well-being (satisfaction with life, student success, satisfaction with academic infrastructure, sports and financial situation of parents) among medical and health science students starting their studies...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708005/leadership-and-the-medical-registrar-how-can-organisations-support-these-unsung-heroes
#20
REVIEW
Tim Blake, Andrew Whallett
Medical registrars have been described as the 'workhorses' of National Health Service hospitals, being at the interface of acute and chronic health services. They are expected to demonstrate effective leadership skills. There are concerns from the Royal College of Physicians that medical registrars are being overwhelmed and unsupported by organisations, and are struggling in their ability to provide safe, high-quality patient care. Junior colleagues are also being deterred by general medical specialties by the prospect of becoming the 'Med Reg'...
December 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
56309
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"