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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448207/gender-differences-in-endovascular-treatment-of-infrainguinal-peripheral-artery-disease
#1
Henrik Christian Rieß, Eike Sebastian Debus, Franziska Heidemann, Konstanze Stoberock, Reinhart T Grundmann, Christian-Alexander Behrendt
BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing research concerning comorbidities and clinical presentation of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), the issue of gender associated differences in treatment is far from being settled. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, non-randomized multicentre study design. All patients suffering from intermittent claudication (IC) or critical limb ischaemia (CLI) were included. RESULTS: A total of 2,798 procedures for symptomatic PAD in the infrainguinal region were recorded, with 1,696 (61...
April 27, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438822/efficacy-and-safety-of-topical-sevoflurane-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-skin-ulcers
#2
F Dámaso Fernández-Ginés, Manuel Cortiñas-Sáenz, Héctor Mateo-Carrasco, Ana Navajas-Gómez de Aranda, Estrella Navarro-Muñoz, Rocío Rodríguez-Carmona, Carmen Fernández-Sánchez, Francisco Sierra-García, José Antonio Morales-Molina
PURPOSE: Results of efficacy and safety assessments of topical sevoflurane use in patients with long-term treatment-refractory vascular ulcers are reported. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive sevoflurane instillations (1 mL per cm(2) of ulcer area 1-4 times daily) plus standard wound care (ulcer cleaning, debridement, and dressing changes) or standard care only. Topical sevoflurane was initiated during hospitalization, with self- or nurse-administered instillations continued after discharge...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434027/can-ultrasound-be-used-as-the-primary-imaging-in-children-with-suspected-crohn-disease
#3
Timothy L Tsai, Megan B Marine, Matthew R Wanner, Matthew L Cooper, Steven J Steiner, Fangqian Ouyang, S Gregory Jennings, Boaz Karmazyn
BACKGROUND: There is growing literature on the use of ultrasound (US) for evaluation of Crohn disease in adults, but few studies have been conducted on children. Several studies demonstrated high accuracy of US in the diagnosis of Crohn disease. Using US as the primary screening imaging modality for Crohn disease can reduce health care costs, the need for sedation and ionizing radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine if US can be used for screening evaluation of pediatric Crohn disease...
April 22, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426572/nonhealing-ulcers-in-patients-with-tophaceous-gout-a-systematic-review
#4
Gretl Lam, Frank L Ross, Ernest S Chiu
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information from a review of the literature about chronic ulcers associated with tophaceous gout. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Identify the pathophysiology of tophaceous gout, its presentation, phases, and common comorbidities...
May 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424334/glycosaminoglycan-based-hydrogels-capture-inflammatory-chemokines-and-rescue-defective-wound-healing-in-mice
#5
Nadine Lohmann, Lucas Schirmer, Passant Atallah, Elke Wandel, Ruben A Ferrer, Carsten Werner, Jan C Simon, Sandra Franz, Uwe Freudenberg
Excessive production of inflammatory chemokines can cause chronic inflammation and thus impair cutaneous wound healing. Capturing chemokine signals using wound dressing materials may offer powerful new treatment modalities for chronic wounds. Here, a modular hydrogel based on end-functionalized star-shaped polyethylene glycol (starPEG) and derivatives of the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) heparin was customized for maximal chemokine sequestration. The material is shown to effectively scavenge the inflammatory chemokines MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1), IL-8 (interleukin-8), and MIP-1α (macrophage inflammatory protein-1α) and MIP-1β (macrophage inflammatory protein-1β) in wound fluids from patients suffering from chronic venous leg ulcers and to reduce the migratory activity of human monocytes and polymorphonuclear neutrophils...
April 19, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414606/effects-of-topically-applied-heterologous-serum-on-reepithelialization-rate-of-superficial-chronic-corneal-epithelial-defects-in-dogs
#6
J Seth Eaton, Steven R Hollingsworth, Bradford J Holmberg, Michael H Brown, Patricia J Smith, David J Maggs
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of topical application of undiluted heterologous serum on time to corneal reepithelialization in dogs with superficial chronic corneal epithelial defects (SCCEDs). DESIGN Multicenter, randomized, double-masked, controlled clinical trial. ANIMALS 41 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES After collection of baseline clinical and historical data, dogs were randomly assigned to receive topically applied undiluted heterologous serum (n = 22) or isotonic saline (0.9% NaCl) solution (19) along with tobramycin and atropine...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406402/beh%C3%A3-et-disease-in-western-algeria
#7
M E A Ghembaza, N Bouabdallah, A Lounici
The aim of the current study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical features of Behçet disease in western Algeria. This observational retrospective study examined records for patients with Behçet disease seen in our department from 1990 to 2015. Of the 61 patients included in the study, 80.3% were men, for a sex ratio of 4.08. The mean age at onset was 27.2±7 years, and the mean interval between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis was 4.8±6.3 years. Dermatologic manifestations were the most common finding...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400487/vascular-anatomy-predicts-the-risk-of-cerebral-ischemia-in-patients-randomized-to-carotid-stenting-versus-endarterectomy
#8
Mandy D Müller, Frank J Ahlhelm, Alexander von Hessling, David Doig, Paul J Nederkoorn, Sumaira Macdonald, Philippe A Lyrer, Aad van der Lugt, Jeroen Hendrikse, Christoph Stippich, H Bart van der Worp, Toby Richards, Martin M Brown, Stefan T Engelter, Leo H Bonati
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Complex vascular anatomy might increase the risk of procedural stroke during carotid artery stenting (CAS). Randomized controlled trial evidence that vascular anatomy should inform the choice between CAS and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been lacking. METHODS: One-hundred eighty-four patients with symptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis who were randomly assigned to CAS or CEA in the ICSS (International Carotid Stenting Study) underwent magnetic resonance (n=126) or computed tomographic angiography (n=58) at baseline and brain magnetic resonance imaging before and after treatment...
April 11, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399714/endovascular-treatment-of-congenital-external-carotid-jugular-fistula-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Raffaello Bellosta, Monica Vescovi, Luca Attisani, Luca Luzzani
Congenital vascular malformation (CVM) between the external carotid artery and the internal jugular vein is a rare disease, it originates as a consequence of arrested development during various stages of embryogenesis. The natural history of CMVs is progressive growth, it can remain clinically silent until it progresses causing local swelling accompanied by symptoms and signs of arteriovenous shunting, mass effect, ischemic insult with ulceration of skin or bleeding. In literature only few cases of CMVs have been reported, therefore there is still no consensus about the correct surgical approach to this pathology...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397661/-medical-treatment-of-children-with-infantile-haemangiomas
#10
Hanne Kalleklev Velure, Ulla Birgitte Hartling, Anette Schuster, Annette Bygum
Infantile haemangioma is a benign vascular tumour seen in 4-5% of infants. It has a characteristic life cycle comprised by a proliferative phase and a spontaneous involution phase. Most infantile haemangiomas do not require intervention. Treatment is relevant when there is a risk of functional impairment or cosmetic disfigurement, or if the haemangiomas are painful and ulcerating. The beta blocker propranolol has been shown to be an excellent first-line treatment, and we present an algorithm for therapeutic decision and monitoring...
February 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388680/association-between-diabetic-foot-ulcer-and-diabetic-retinopathy
#11
Duck Jin Hwang, Kyoung Min Lee, Moon Seok Park, Sung Hee Choi, Ji In Park, Joon Hee Cho, Kyu Hyung Park, Se Joon Woo
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) and elucidate the association between DR and DFU severities and their shared risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on DFU patients who underwent ophthalmic and vascular examinations within 6 months; 100 type 2 diabetic patients with DFU were included. The medical records of 2496 type 2 diabetic patients without DFU served as control data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381784/a-case-of-extrahepatic-growth-type-hepatocellular-carcinoma-presenting-with-bleeding-from-colonic-metastasis
#12
Kazunari Tanaka, Kunihiko Tsuji, Takeshi Matsui, Jong-Hon Kang, Yasuo Sakurai, Akihiro Takiyama, Toshiya Shinohara, Hiroyuki Maguchi
A 60-year-old woman visited our hospital due to hematochezia. Colonoscopy revealed a 50-mm-diameter submucosal tumor with ulceration of the left side of the transverse colon, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated the presence of small hepatic nodules. Submucosal tumor of the colon with liver metastasis was therefore diagnosed. To prevent tumor bleeding, we performed partial transverse colectomy. The histopathological diagnosis was moderately differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma presenting as a submucosal tumor with a high frequency of vascular invasion...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374711/-pathogenic-aspects-of-stomach-ulcerogenesis-in-acute-intestinal-obstruction
#13
V E Milyukov, K K Nguen
AIM: To identify the patterns and the correlation of morphological and functional changes in stomach wall with the dynamics of different types of acute intestinal obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed on 33 adult mongrel dogs of both genders weighing 17-20 kg. All researches were conducted in accordance with the documents, such as the 'Guide for the Care and Use of laboratory animals of the National Institute of Health (National Institute of Health - NIH, Bethesda, USA)' and 'Rules of work with experimental animals'...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371685/angiogenic-effects-of-low-intensity-cathodal-direct-current-on-ischemic-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mohammad Reza Asadi, Giti Torkaman, Mehdi Hedayati, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani, Mousa Ahmadi, Roghieh Fathi Gohardani
AIMS: This study investigated the effect of low-intensity cathodal direct current (CDC) of electrical stimulation (ES) on the release of hypoxic inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), nitric oxide (NO), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and soluble VEGF receptor-2 (sVEGFR-2) in the wound fluid of ischemic diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). METHODS: This study was a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Thirty type 2 diabetes patients with ischemic foot ulcerations were randomly assigned to receive either low-intensity CDC at sensory threshold (ES group, n=15) or placebo treatment (control group, n=15) for 1h/day, 3days/week, for 4weeks (12 sessions)...
March 21, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370639/transcriptional-activation-of-hedgehog-pathway-components-in-aggressive-hemangioma
#15
Danielle S Wendling-Keim, Lynn Wanie, Rainer Grantzow, Roland Kappler
Infantile hemangioma is a vascular neoplasm and is one of the most common tumors diagnosed in young children. Although most hemangiomas are harmless and involute spontaneously, some show severe progression, leading to serious complications, such as high output cardiac failure, ulcerations, compression of the trachea or deprivation amblyopia, depending on their size and localization. However, the pathogenesis and cause of hemangioma are largely unknown to date. The goal of this study was to identify markers that could predict hemangiomas with aggressive growth and severe progression that would benefit from early intervention...
March 31, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366302/results-of-the-valor-ii-trial-of-the-medtronic-valiant-thoracic-stent-graft
#16
Mark F Conrad, James Tuchek, Robert Freezor, Joseph Bavaria, Rodney White, Ronald Fairman
BACKGROUND: The 1-year results of endovascular exclusion of degenerative descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (DTA) with the Valiant Thoracic Stent Graft (Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif) have been previously reported. With long-term follow-up now complete, the 5-year results are reported. METHODS: The VALOR II trial (Evaluation of the Clinical Performance of the Valiant Thoracic Stent Graft System in the Treatment of Descending Thoracic Aneurysms of Degenerative Etiology in Subjects Who Are Candidates for Endovascular Repair) was a prospective, nonrandomized trial of the Valiant Thoracic Stent Graft system in patients with degenerative DTA...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358422/lentivirus%C3%A2-mediated-overexpression-of-cd97-adgre5-reverses-dysregulated-high-glucose%C3%A2-induced-endothelial-cell-migration
#17
Wenting Zhao, Zhen Wang, Zewei Sun, Shuai Wang, Mingjie Wu, Liangrong Zheng
Elevated blood glucose levels contribute to a series of complications in patients with diabetes mellitus, including chronic ulcers and accelerated atherosclerosis. Dysregulated endothelial migration induced by high glucose is important in vascular‑associated complications. In the present study, cluster of differentiation (CD)97/adhesion G protein‑coupled receptor 5 (ADGRE5), a member of the G protein‑coupled receptor protein family, stimulated angiogenesis was investigated to determine its role in cell models of diabetes mellitus using lentivirus‑mediated overexpression and siRNA transfection...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341703/niacin-ameliorates-ulcerative-colitis-via-prostaglandin-d2-mediated-d-prostanoid-receptor-1-activation
#18
Juanjuan Li, Deping Kong, Qi Wang, Wei Wu, Yanping Tang, Tingting Bai, Liang Guo, Lumin Wei, Qianqian Zhang, Yu Yu, Yuting Qian, Shengkai Zuo, Guizhu Liu, Qian Liu, Sheng Wu, Yi Zang, Qian Zhu, Daile Jia, Yuanyang Wang, Weiyan Yao, Yong Ji, Huiyong Yin, Masataka Nakamura, Michael Lazarus, Richard M Breyer, Lifu Wang, Ying Yu
Niacin, as an antidyslipidemic drug, elicits a strong flushing response by release of prostaglandin (PG) D2 However, whether niacin is beneficial for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear. Here, we observed niacin administration-enhanced PGD2 production in colon tissues in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-challenged mice, and protected mice against DSS or 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in D prostanoid receptor 1 (DP1)-dependent manner. Specific ablation of DP1 receptor in vascular endothelial cells, colonic epithelium, and myeloid cells augmented DSS/TNBS-induced colitis in mice through increasing vascular permeability, promoting apoptosis of epithelial cells, and stimulating pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion of macrophages, respectively...
March 24, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340695/long-term-follow-up-after-autologous-adipose-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-injection-into-fingers-in-systemic-sclerosis-patients
#19
A Daumas, J Magalon, E Jouve, R Truillet, D Casanova, L Giraudo, J Veran, A Benyamine, F Dignat-George, G Magalon, F Sabatier, B Granel
INTRODUCTION: Hand involvement confers a substantial handicap in work and daily activities in patients with Systemic sclerosis (SSc). Autologous adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction is as an easily accessible source of cells with regenerative effects. We previously performed a phase I open-label clinical trial (NTC01813279) assessing the safety of subcutaneous injection of autologous adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction. Six and 12-month data have been reported. As patients were followed in our medical centre, we report their longer-term outcome beyond the end of the trial...
January 2017: Current Research in Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340234/detection-of-severe-digital-vasculopathy-in-systemic-sclerosis-by-colour-doppler-sonography-is-associated-with-digital-ulcers
#20
Susanne Lüders, Stefanie Friedrich, Sarah Ohrndorf, Anne-Marie Glimm, Gerd-Rüdiger Burmester, Gabriela Riemekasten, Marina Backhaus
Objective.: Colour Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) is very important in general vascular diagnostic procedures. Its role in determining the extent of vasculopathy in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) needs further investigation. The aim of this study was to compare the presence of altered arteries with nailfold capillaroscopy and clinical signs of ischaemia, that is, digital ulcers or pitting scars (DU/PS). A feasible CDUS protocol is provided. Methods.: Two thousand five hundred and twenty-eight arteries of the fingers, palms and wrists from 79 SSc patients (32 arteries per patient) were examined using CDUS...
March 17, 2017: Rheumatology
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