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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141195/determination-of-the-effect-of-pinellia-ternata-thunb-breit-on-nervous-system-development-by-proteomics
#1
Jian-Ya Xu, Chen Dai, Jin-Jun Shan, Tong Xie, Hui-Hui Xie, Ming-Ming Wang, Guang Yang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Banxia (BX) is the dried tuber of Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit., a commonly prescribed Chinese medicinal herb for the treatment of cough, phlegm, and vomiting in pregnant women. However, raw BX has been demonstrated to exert toxic effects on reproduction and the precise and comprehensive mechanisms remain elusive. AIM OF THE STUDY: We applied an iTRAQ (isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation, iTRAQ)-based proteomic method to explore the mechanisms of raw BX-induced fetal toxicity in mice...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140912/reliable-testing-battery-for-assessing-physical-qualities-of-elite-academy-rugby-league-players
#2
Nick Dobbin, Richard Hunwicks, Jamie Highton, Craig Twist
Dobbin, N, Hunwicks, R, Highton, J, and Twist, C. Reliable testing battery for assessing physical qualities of elite academy rugby league players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-This study assessed the interday reliability of a testing battery for the assessment of physical qualities of rugby league players. Fifty players (age 17.1 ± 1.1 years; stature 181.3 ± 6.3 cm; and body mass 89.0 ± 11.6 kg) from 3 Super League academies participated in this study. Tests of countermovement jump performance, 10- and 20-m sprint performance, change of direction, medicine ball throw, and a modified Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1 (prone Yo-Yo IR1) were completed on 3 separate occasions...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140556/withdrawn-transcendental-meditation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#3
REVIEW
Louise Hartley, Angelique Mavrodaris, Nadine Flowers, Edzard Ernst, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: A major determinant in cardiovascular disease (CVD) is stress. As transcendental meditation (TM) is thought to help in lowering negative stress indicators, it may be a beneficial strategy for the primary prevention of CVD. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of TM for the primary prevention of CVD. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2013, Issue 10); MEDLINE (Ovid) (1946 to week three November 2013); EMBASE Classic and EMBASE (Ovid) (1947 to week 48 2013); ISI Web of Science (1970 to 28 November 2013); and Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE) and Health Technology Assessment Database and Health Economics Evaluations Database (November 2013)...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140493/a-comprehensive-definition-for-integrative-oncology
#4
Claudia M Witt, Lynda G Balneaves, Maria J Cardoso, Lorenzo Cohen, Heather Greenlee, Peter Johnstone, Ömer Kücük, Josh Mailman, Jun J Mao
Background: Integrative oncology, which is generally understood to refer to the use of a combination of complementary medicine therapies in conjunction with conventional cancer treatments, has been defined in different ways, but there is no widely accepted definition. We sought to develop and establish a consensus for a comprehensive definition of the field of integrative oncology. Methods: We used a mixed-methods approach that included a literature analysis and a consensus procedure, including an interdisciplinary expert panel and surveys, to develop a comprehensive and acceptable definition for the term "integrative oncology...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140488/us-national-cancer-institute-china-collaborative-studies-on-chinese-medicine-and-cancer
#5
Libin Jia, Hongsheng Lin, Joost Oppenheim, O M Zack Howard, Jie Li, Huiting Fan, Zhizheng Zhao, William Farrar, Ying Zhang, Nancy Colburn, Matthew R Young, Weidong Li, David Newman, Barry R O'Keefe, John Beutler, Jikai Liu, Xiaojiang Hao, Xiaosheng Yang, Tengfei Ji, Jeffrey D White
Since 2007, the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine (OCCAM), together with the Cancer Institute of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CICACMS), institutes at China Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, have engaged in collaborations on Chinese medicine (CM) and cancer research. Through these collaborations, CM drugs and compounds have been studied at NCI labs. This paper summarizes the discoveries and progress on these research projects, exploring the aspects of cancer prevention, botanical drug mechanisms of action and component analysis/quality control (QC), and anticancer activity screening...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140413/comparison-of-chemical-constituents-in-scrophulariae-radix-processed-by-different-methods-based-on-uflc-ms-combined-with-multivariate-statistical-analysis
#6
Shengnan Wang, Yujiao Hua, Lisi Zou, Xunhong Liu, Ying Yan, Hui Zhao, Yiyuan Luo, Juanxiu Liu
Scrophulariae Radix is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Primary processing of Scrophulariae Radix is an important link which closely related to the quality of products in this TCM. The aim of this study is to explore the influence of different processing methods on chemical constituents in Scrophulariae Radix. The difference of chemical constituents in Scrophulariae Radix processed by different methods was analyzed by using ultra fast liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry coupled with principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140310/effect-of-abscisic-acid-on-accumulation-of-five-active-components-in-root-of-glycyrrhiza-uralensis
#7
Jing Qiao, Zuliang Luo, Yanpeng Li, Guangxi Ren, Chunsheng Liu, Xiaojun Ma
Licorice is one of the most generally used herbal medicines in the world; however, wild licorice resources have decreased drastically. Cultivated Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer are the main source of licorice at present, but the content of main active components in cultivated G. uralensis are lower than in wild G. uralensis. Therefore, the production of high-quality cultivated G. uralensis is an urgent issue for the research and production fields. In this study, the content of five active components and seven endogenous phytohormones in cultivated G...
November 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140300/novel-strategies-on-personalized-medicine-for-breast-cancer-treatment-an-update
#8
REVIEW
Carmen W H Chan, Bernard M H Law, Winnie K W So, Ka Ming Chow, Mary M Y Waye
Breast cancer is the most common cancer type among women worldwide. With breast cancer patients and survivors being reported to experience a repertoire of symptoms that are detrimental to their quality of life, the development of breast cancer treatment strategies that are effective with minimal side effects is therefore required. Personalized medicine, the treatment process that is tailored to the individual needs of each patient, is recently gaining increasing attention for its prospect in the development of effective cancer treatment regimens...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139256/-correlative-analysis-advance-of-chemical-constituents-of-polyporus-umbellatus-and-armillaria-mellea
#9
REVIEW
Jing-Wen Huang, Chang-Jiang-Sheng Lai, Yuan Yuan, Min Zhang, Jun-Hui Zhou, Lu-Qi Huang
Medicinal Polyporus umbellatus is the dry sclerotia of P. umbellatus, with the effect of diuresis; Armillaria mellea is a parasitic fungus which can infect plants up to 300 genera, with sedative, anticonvulsant and some other biological activities. As the medicinal value of P. umbellatus and A. mellea is increasingly wide concerned, the market quantity demanded of them is gradually increased and the demand outstrips the supply. The symbiotic A. mellea and P. umbellatus are both the medicinal and edible fungi with diverse activities, including hypoglycemic action, improve immunity and antitumor and so on...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139246/-systemic-evaluation-and-meta-analysis-of-xianling-gubao-capsule-in-treatment-of-primary-osteoporosis-in-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Gui-Qian Wang, Xing Liao, Yi-Li Zhang, Yan-Ming Xie
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Xianling Gubao capsule in the treatment of osteoporosis (OP). Eight Chinese and English databases were retrieved (from establishment to February 2017), and clinical trials were screened according to the preset inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Then risk assessment tools were used for quality evaluation of the studies, and data extraction and analysis were conducted by using RevMan 5.3 software for Meta-analysis. A total of 1 895 articles were retrieved, and finally 54 studies were included...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139057/cadaveric-simulation-a-review-of-reviews
#11
REVIEW
M Yiasemidou, E Gkaragkani, D Glassman, C S Biyani
BACKGROUND: Traditional surgical training, largely based on the Halstedian model "see one, do one, teach one" is not as effective in the era of working time restrictions and elaborate shift-patterns. As a result, contemporary surgeons turned to educational methods outside the operating theatre such as simulation. Cadavers are high fidelity models but their use has ethical and cost implications and their availability may be limited. In this review, we explore the role of cadaveric simulation in modern surgical education...
November 14, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138917/level-of-evidence-and-authorship-trends-of-clinical-studies-in-knee-surgery-sports-traumatology-arthroscopy-1995-2015
#12
Ryan P Judy, Jason J Shin, Christopher McCrum, Olufemi R Ayeni, Kristian Samuelsson, Volker Musahl
PURPOSE: There is increasing emphasis on publication quality and internationalization of author groups in orthopaedic literature. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the type of studies and the level of evidence (LOE) published in knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy (KSSTA) from 1995 to 2015. The secondary aim was to analyze trends in authorship characteristics in KSSTA. METHODS: Two reviewers reviewed the table of contents of KSSTA and identified original papers from 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015...
November 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138645/chinese-classical-formula-sijunzi-decoction-and-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-evidence-for-treatment-approach
#13
REVIEW
Danan Gan, Aili Xu, Hongbo Du, Yong'an Ye
Objective: This aim is to evaluate the effect of Sijunzi decoction (SJZD) treating chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). Methods: We performed searches in seven databases. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SJZD with standard medical care or inactive intervention for CAG were enrolled. Combined therapy of SJZD plus conventional therapies compared with conventional therapies alone was also retrieved. The primary outcome included the incidence of gastric cancer and the improvement of atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia based on the gastroscopy and pathology...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138595/clinical-aspects-of-foot-health-and-their-influence-on-quality-of-life-among-breast-cancer-survivors-a-case-control-study
#14
Patricia Palomo-López, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Jorge Guerrero-Martín, Cesar Calvo-Lobo, Daniel López-López
Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze and compare foot health and general health in a sample of women divided into two groups: 1) those with breast cancer and undergoing chemotherapy treatment and 2) healthy women without breast cancer and with normalized reference values. Methods: A case-control observational study was performed. Two-hundred women with a mean age of 51.00±8.75 years were recruited from podiatric medicine and surgery clinics from the University of Extremadura (Plasencia, Spain) and the Hospital Infanta Cristina (Badajoz, Spain)...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138206/monitor-ic-study-a-mixed-methods-prospective-multicentre-controlled-cohort-study-assessing-5-year-outcomes-of-icu-survivors-and-related-healthcare-costs-a-study-protocol
#15
Wytske Geense, Marieke Zegers, Hester Vermeulen, Mark van den Boogaard, Johannes van der Hoeven
INTRODUCTION: Due to advances in critical care medicine, more patients survive their critical illness. However, intensive care unit (ICU) survivors often experience long-term physical, cognitive and mental problems, summarised as post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), impacting their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). In what frequency PICS occurs, and to what extent this influences ICU survivors' HRQoL, is mostly unknown. The aims of this study are therefore to study the: (1) 5-year patient outcomes, (2) predictors for PICS, (3) ratio between HRQoL of ICU survivors and healthcare-related costs, and (4) care and support needs...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138128/will-participatory-syndromic-surveillance-work-in-latin-america-piloting-a-mobile-approach-to-crowdsource-influenza-like-illness-data-in-guatemala
#16
José Tomás Prieto, Jorge H Jara, Juan Pablo Alvis, Luis R Furlan, Christian Travis Murray, Judith Garcia, Pierre-Jean Benghozi, Susan Cornelia Kaydos-Daniels
BACKGROUND: In many Latin American countries, official influenza reports are neither timely nor complete, and surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) remains thin in consistency and precision. Public participation with mobile technology may offer new ways of identifying nonmedically attended cases and reduce reporting delays, but no published studies to date have assessed the viability of ILI surveillance with mobile tools in Latin America. We implemented and assessed an ILI-tailored mobile health (mHealth) participatory reporting system...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137614/safety-classification-of-herbal-medicines-used-among-pregnant-women-in-asian-countries-a-systematic-review
#17
Mansoor Ahmed, Jung Hye Hwang, Soojeung Choi, Dongwoon Han
BACKGROUND: High prevalence of herbal medicines used in pregnancy and the lack of information on their safety is a public concern. Despite this, no significant research has been done regarding potential adverse effects of using herbal medicines during pregnancy, especially among developing Asian countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were searched up to year 2016 on PubMed/Medline and EMBASE, the data were extracted and quality of studies was assessed using the quality appraisal tool...
November 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136553/determination-of-tropane-alkaloids-by-heart-cutting-reversed-phase-strong-cation-exchange-two-dimensional-liquid-chromatography
#18
Zhen Long, Yanhai Zhang, Paul Gamache, Zhimou Guo, Frank Steiner, Nana Du, Xiaoda Liu, Yan Jin, Xingguo Liu, Lvye Liu
Current Chinese Pharmacopoeia (ChP) standards apply liquid extraction combined with one dimensional liquid chromatography (1DLC) method for determining alkaloids in herbal medicines. The complex pretreatments lead to a low analytical efficiency and possible component loss. In this study, a heart cutting reversed phase - strong cation exchange two dimensional liquid chromatography (RP - SCX 2DLC) approach was optimized for simultaneously quantifying tropane alkaloids (anisodine, scopolamine and hyoscyamine) in herbal medicines and herbal medicine tablets without further treatment of the filtered extract...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135752/experiences-and-shared-meaning-of-teamwork-and-interprofessional-collaboration-among-health-care-professionals-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#19
Carine Sangaleti, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Marina Peduzzi, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Cassia Baldini Soares
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, teamwork has been addressed under the rationale of interprofessional practice or collaboration, highlighted by the attributes of this practice such as: interdependence of professional actions, focus on user needs, negotiation between professionals, shared decision making, mutual respect and trust among professionals, and acknowledgment of the role and work of the different professional groups. Teamwork and interprofessional collaboration have been pointed out as astrategy for effective organization of health care services as the complexity of healthcare requires integration of knowledge and practices from differente professional groups...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135066/developing-and-sustaining-a-career-as-a-transdisciplinary-nurse-scientist
#20
Kathleen T Hickey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of strategies to build and sustain a career as a nurse scientist. This article examines how to integrate technologies and precision approaches into clinical practice, research, and education of the next generation of nursing scholars. DESIGN: This article presents information for shaping a sustainable transdisciplinary career. Programs of research that utilize self-management to improve quality of life are discussed throughout the article...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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