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Salifu Yusif, Jeffrey Soar, Abdul Hafeez-Baig
BACKGROUND: Older people generally prefer to continue living in their own homes rather than move into residential age care institutions. Assistive technologies and sensors in the home environment and/or bodily worn systems that monitor people's movement might contribute to an increased sense of safety and security at home. However, their use can raise ethical anxieties as little is known about how older persons perceive assistive and monitoring technologies. OBJECTIVES: To review the main barriers to the adoption of assistive technologies (ATs) by older adults in order to uncover issues of concern from empirical studies and to arrange these issues from the most critical to the least critical...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Sebastiaan Theodorus Michaël Peek, Eveline J M Wouters, Katrien G Luijkx, Hubertus J M Vrijhoef
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in empowering older adults to age in place by deploying various types of technology (ie, eHealth, ambient assisted living technology, smart home technology, and gerontechnology). However, initiatives aimed at implementing these technologies are complicated by the fact that multiple stakeholder groups are involved. Goals and motives of stakeholders may not always be transparent or aligned, yet research on convergent and divergent positions of stakeholders is scarce...
May 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Ya-Huei Wu, Souad Damnée, Hélène Kerhervé, Caitlin Ware, Anne-Sophie Rigaud
PURPOSE: In a society where technology progresses at an exponential rate, older adults are often unaware of the existence of different kinds of information and communication technologies (ICTs). To bridge the gap, we launched a 2-year project, during which we conducted focus groups (FGs) with demonstrations of ICTs, allowing older adults to try them out and to share their opinions. This study aimed at investigating how participants perceived this kind of initiative and how they reacted to different kinds of ICTs...
2015: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Heidi Bjering, Joanne Curry, Anthony Maeder
With the ageing of our society and the increasing pressure on health and aged care services, the need for technological solutions to help older people stay in their own home for as long as possible is becoming increasingly important. To create information and communications technology (ICT) that will fit with the way older people live their lives and wish to use technology, necessitates their involvement in the design and development process. This paper will highlight some of the issues when designing for and with older people, and highlights the need for more research on how to involve older persons as stakeholders when designing technology for their use, as well as the need for easily accessible guidelines for how to do this...
2014: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Takenobu Inoue
AIM: This paper aims to describe and discuss strategies for the advancement of "gerontechnology," a concept that is useful for solving problems in a super-aged society. METHODS: The term "gerontechnology" is a combination of "gerontology" and "technology" that refers to the fusion of the science of aging and engineering. In this paper, a survey of market size, information technology for persons with cognitive disabilities, personal mobility technology and universal design was conducted...
2014: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Ke Chen, Alan Hoi Shou Chan
The purpose of this study was to develop and test a senior technology acceptance model (STAM) aimed at understanding the acceptance of gerontechnology by older Hong Kong Chinese people. The proposed STAM extended previous technology acceptance models and theories by adding age-related health and ability characteristics of older people. The proposed STAM was empirically tested using a cross-sectional questionnaire survey with a sample of 1012 seniors aged 55 and over in Hong Kong. The result showed that STAM was strongly supported and could explain 68% of the variance in the use of gerontechnology...
2014: Ergonomics
A Piau, E Campo, P Rumeau, B Vellas, F Nourhashémi
Recent studies report that the majority of older adults wish to live in their own homes, for as long as possible. This creates a growing interest in technologies to enable older people to remain living independently at home. The purpose of this article is to provide a narrative review of current technology appropriate for older adults' home use. The key research questions were as follow: 1- What is the evidence demonstrating that gerontechnologies are effective in enabling independent living? 2- What are devices designed specifically for frail elderly persons ? Several publications were identified about devices targeting social isolation (videophonic communication, affective orthotic devices or companion-type robots, personal emergency response systems [security]), autonomy loss (technologies for maintenance of autonomy in the activities of daily living) and cognitive disorders (cognitive orthotics, wandering management systems, telemonitoring)...
January 2014: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Ke Chen, Alan Hoi-Shou Chan
This study employed a qualitative approach to explore the attitudes and experiences of older people towards using gerontechnology, and to determine the underlying reasons that might account for their use and non-use of gerontechnology. Four focus group discussions and 26 individual interviews were undertaken. Qualitative data were analyzed using NVivo software and were categorized using coding and grounded theory techniques. The result indicated that old people in Hong Kong had an overall positive attitude toward technology...
October 2013: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
L-C Gerhardt, R Lottenbach, R M Rossi, S Derler
Textile-based drug delivery systems have a high potential for innovative medical and gerontechnological applications. In this study, the tribological behaviour and lubrication properties of a novel textile with drug delivery function/finishing was investigated by means of friction experiments that simulated cyclic dynamic contacts with skin under dry and wet conditions. The textile drug delivery system is based on a loadable biopolymer dressing on a polyester (PES) woven fabric. The fabrics were finished with low (LC) and highly cross-linked (HC) polysaccharide dressings and investigated in the unloaded condition as well as loaded with phytotherapeutic substances...
August 1, 2013: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Anelia Mitseva, Carrie Beth Peterson, Christina Karamberi, Lamprini Ch Oikonomou, Athanasios V Ballis, Charalampos Giannakakos, George E Dafoulas
The incidence of cognitive impairment in older age is increasing, as is the number of cognitively impaired older adults living in their own homes. Due to lack of social care resources for these adults and their desires to remain in their own homes and live as independently as possible, research shows that the current standard care provisions are inadequate. Promising opportunities exist in using home assistive technology services to foster healthy aging and to realize the unmet needs of these groups of citizens in a user-centered manner...
2012: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Cécile Cridelich, Patrick Malléa, Jean-Michel Turpin, Bruno Charrat, Alain Franco, Olivier Guérin
Gerontechnologies, a concept dating back to the 1990s, are a blend of gerontology and technology. They have a well-defined role, their main objective being one of observation and intervention. Even though gerontechnologies are directly aimed at elderly people, they are not necessarily suitable for everyone.
January 2012: Soins. Gérontologie
A A Poliakov, E S Tomarevskaia
The physiological of general working capacity in 45 people aged 80-94 years was studied. It was found that 13% of respondents preserved general working performance; 15,6% subjects who became lifelong disorders of the locomotion system are limited in motion, meanwhile can perform certain kinds of job. Physiological parameters and professional anamnesis data showed that about 70% people of fourth age have significant reduction of self-service and total disability. People with higher level of body mass index have better functional indices of physical and mental activity...
2011: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
Anne-Sophie Rigaud, Maribel Pino, Ya-Huei Wu, Jocelyne DE Rotrou, Melodie Boulay, Marie-Laure Seux, Laurence Hugonot-Diener, Martha DE Sant'anna, Florence Moulin, Gregory LE Gouverneur, Victoria Cristancho-Lacroix, Hermine Lenoir
The increasing number of people suffering from Alzheimer's disease raises the question of their caring at home, especially when the disease causes disability and negative consequences in daily life such as isolation, falls, wandering, errors in drug taking. Furthermore, caregivers bear a substantial burden that can have adverse effects on their physical and mental health. New technologies of information could play an additional role as care providers without substituting family or professional caregivers help...
March 2011: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Diane Feeney Mahoney
What benefit will new technologies offer if they are inadequately or not used? This work presents a meta-synthesis of adoption of technology related findings from four innovative monitoring intervention research studies with older adults and their informal and/or formal caregivers. Each study employed mixed methods analyses that lead to an understanding of the key variables that influenced adoption of telephone and Internet based wireless remote monitoring technologies by elders and their caregivers. The studies were all conducted in "real world" homes ranging from solo residences to multi-story independent living residential buildings...
September 23, 2010: Ageing International
Vincenza Frisardi, Bruno P Imbimbo
In an aging world, maintaining good health and independence for as long as possible is essential. Instead of hospitalization or institutionalization, the elderly with chronic conditions, especially those with cognitive impairment, can be assisted in their own environment with numerous 'smart' devices that support them in their activity of daily living. A "smart home" is a residence equipped with technology that facilitates monitoring of residents to improve quality of life and promote physical independence, as well as to reduce caregiver burden...
2011: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Gyte Damuleviciene, Vita Lesauskaite, Jurgita Knasiene, Jūrate Macijauskiene
Although Lithuanian population is aging and the number of older persons is increasing, the expectancy of autonomous life is one of the shortest in Europe. An increasing number of the elderly results not only in aging society, but in increasing morbidity as well. Reality of life is encouraging health care systems to take into account the needs of older patients and to seek for comprehensive assessment, which is not limited by physical assessment only but includes evaluation of functional state, cognition, socioeconomic status, home environment, identification of geriatric syndromes and vulnerability factors, and assessment of frailty...
2010: Medicina
Kelly Joyce, Meika Loe
Abstract This special monograph issue builds on sociology of health and illness scholarship and expands the analytical lens to examine how old people, healthcare professionals, and technology designers create, use, and modify science and technology to negotiate and define health and illness. Far from passive consumers, elders are technogenarians, creatively utilising and adapting technological artefacts such as walking aids and medications to fit their needs. This publication adds theoretical and empirical depth to our understanding of the multiple and overlapping socio-historical contexts surrounding ageing bodies and ageing enterprises, including the biomedicalisation of ageing that includes the rise of anti-ageing or longevity medicine; and the rise of gerontechnology industries and professions -- fields that largely accept the ageing body as a given...
February 1, 2010: Sociology of Health & Illness
Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Alain Franco, Pascal Sommer, Jean Pierre Baeyens, Ewa Jankowska, Adriana Maggi, Piotr Ponikowski, Andrzej Rys, Kataryna Szczerbinska, Jean-Pierre Michel, Andrzej Milewicz
BACKGROUND. In September 2008, under the French Presidency of the European Union and with the support of the Polish Minister of Health, a European Summit on Age-Related Disease was organised inWroclaw (Poland). At this meeting, European politicians, gerontologists and geriatricians gathered to discuss a common approach to future challenges related to age-related disease. Politicians and decision-makers from the European Union and Ministers of Health and their deputies from many European countries raised the problems and difficulties to be tackled in a growing population with a high burden of disease, and asked scientists to write a consensus document with recommendations for future actions and decisions...
December 2009: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
G Demiris, B K Hensel
OBJECTIVES: A "smart home" is a residence wired with technology features that monitor the well-being and activities of their residents to improve overall quality of life, increase independence and prevent emergencies. This type of informatics applications targeting older adults, people with disabilities or the general population is increasingly becoming the focus of research worldwide. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive review of health related smart home projects and discuss human factors and other challenges...
2008: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
Silvestro Micera, Paolo Bonato, Toshiyo Tamura
Gerontechnology can help elderly people to identify and slow down the effects of the age-related modifications of the neural and musculoskeletal systems. The seven articles in this special issue address three main topics: biomechanics and motor control; wearable technologies; and assistive technologies.
July 2008: IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine
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