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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235237/community-based-preventive-activities-in-the-public-dental-service-in-norway
#1
E Widström, A Tillberg, L I Byrkjeflot, L Stein, R Skudutyte-Rysstad
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe community-based preventive interventions undertaken by the dental team outside the dental clinics in Norway, from the dental hygienists' and the dentists' perspective, with the main focus on target groups and existing guidelines and routines for these activities. A secondary aim was to identify the personnel responsible for developing the local guidelines and the knowledge sources for the guidelines. METHODS: With the assistance of the Chief Dental Officers in 15 Public Dental Service (PDS) regions, questionnaires were emailed to the local clinics (n = 421)...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210172/experience-of-dental-care-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-older-immigrants-in-sweden-a-qualitative-study
#2
E Olerud, M-L Hagman-Gustavsson, P Gabre
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge about the oral health and dental care habits of older immigrants is limited. The aim of this study was to explore dental service utilization, oral care habits, and attitudes to and knowledge about oral diseases and their prevention among older immigrants in Sweden. METHODS: A qualitative research method was used, and data were collected in individual interviews to gain a deeper understanding of the immigrants' views. Thirteen immigrants, seven women and six men, recruited from meeting places for older immigrants, participated, all aged between 59 and 88 (median 72 years)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118080/perceptions-of-program-directors-and-educators-regarding-the-adequacy-of-oral-health-education-in-nursing-assistant-curricula
#3
Barbara A Stowers, Lori Giblin, Lisa Laspina, Kristeen Perry
Purpose: National data indicate that the oral health status of the aging population in long term care facilities (LTCF) is poor in the majority of cases. Nursing assistants are considered to be the primary caregivers of oral health care to elders residing in LTCF's. The aim of this research was to explore the perspectives among nursing educators and program directors on the adequacy of oral health education in nursing assistant curricula.Methods: This exploratory, cross-sectional study utilized a web-based questionnaire adapted, with permission, from a prior study conducted in 2009...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978342/ethnobotanical-study-of-medicinal-plants-used-against-human-ailments-in-gubalafto-district-northern-ethiopia
#4
Getnet Chekole
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicinal plant species documentation is very crucial in Ethiopia for biodiversity conservation, bioactive chemical extractions and indigenous knowledge retention. Having first observed the inhabitants of Gubalafto District (Northern Ethiopia), the author gathered, recorded, and documented the human traditional medicinal plant species and the associated indigenous knowledge. METHODS: The study was conducted from February 2013 to January 2015 and used descriptive field survey design...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860800/effectiveness-of-a-diabetes-mellitus-pictorial-diary-handbook-program-for-middle-aged-and-elderly-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-quasi-experimental-study-at-taladnoi-primary-care-unit-saraburi-thailand
#5
Rapat Eknithiset, Ratana Somrongthong
AIM: The research question is "How does a diabetes mellitus (DM) pictorial diary handbook (PDHB) affect the knowledge, practice, and HbA1c among patients with DM type 2?" The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a PDHB program among middle-aged and elderly patients with DM type 2 in primary care units in Thailand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design was applied. DM type 2 patients were recruited in the PDHB program by a simple random sampling method...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807851/toxic-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-provide-a-warning-sign-to-overuse-of-the-ethnomedicine-arnebia-benthamii
#6
Latif Ahmad, Yi He, Jia-Chen Hao, Andrew Semotiuk, Quan-Ru Liu, Paras Mazari
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: From early times man has used medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments and basic health care needs. The use of herbal medicines has increased day by day and with this, so do reports of adverse events, poisoning, and suspected toxicity. Similarly, the indigenous communities of Neelum Valley in Azad Kashmir commonly use Arnebia benthamii (Wall. ex G.Don) I.M.Johnst. for medicinal purposes to treat various human aliments. Besides their medicinal uses, it also contains hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs)...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799126/hydration-status-drug-interactions-and-determinants-in-a-spanish-elderly-population-a-pilot-study
#7
A M Puga, T Partearroyo, G Varela-Moreiras
Proper hydration is essential to maintain optimal health and well-being at all stages of life, especially for the elderly. Side effects of certain drugs that affect hydration status may compromise the health of the ancients, who also constitute the most vulnerable group. No studies have been carried out, to our knowledge, at the intersection of drugs and hydration status. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of chronic use of certain drugs (diuretics, corticoids and metformin) in the hydration status of the elderly...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724512/the-health-buddies-app-as-a-novel-tool-to-improve-adherence-and-knowledge-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-a-pilot-study
#8
Lien Desteghe, Kiki Kluts, Johan Vijgen, Pieter Koopman, Dagmara Dilling-Boer, Joris Schurmans, Paul Dendale, Hein Heidbuchel
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) constitutes an important risk for stroke, especially in an ageing population. A new app (Health Buddies) was developed as a tool to improve adherence to non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in an elderly AF population by providing a virtual contract with their grandchildren, spelling out daily challenges for both. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and usability of the Health Buddies app in AF patients...
July 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533731/effect-of-loss-of-teeth-and-its-association-with-general-quality-of-life-using-geriatric-oral-health-assessment-index-gohai-among-older-individuals-residing-in-rural-areas
#9
Vinaya Kundapur, Rakshith Hegde, Manoj Shetty, Sunil Mankar, Mohammed Hilal, Hari Prasad A
The development of measures for assessing oral health status is essential to the evolution and maturation of a scientific knowledge based in geriatric dentistry. Their development as branches of clinical care depends in part as ability to demonstrate an effective grasp of the problems of elderly and their solutions. Any strategy for altering the health status of elderly requires a technology for first assessing that health status and then detecting increments of progress. Development of geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) is a self reported measure designed to assess the oral health problems of older individuals...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295131/oral-and-maxillofacial-lesions-diagnosed-in-older-people-of-a-brazilian-population-a-multicentric-study
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Leorik P Silva, Rafaella B Leite, Ana P V Sobral, José A Arruda, Leni V Oliveira, Mariana S Noronha, Camila O Kato, Ricardo A Mesquita, Lauren F Schuch, Ana P N Gomes, Ana C U Vasconcelos, Lélia B Souza
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral and maxillofacial lesions among older adults (≥60 years) from representative regions in Brazil. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Biopsy records were obtained from the archives of four Brazilian referral centers of oral diagnosis between 2000 and 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 45,506 biopsy records of all patients were analyzed, of these 7,259 persons aged 60 and older were selected...
July 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168970/strategies-to-improve-dental-health-in-elderly-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Natalia S Rozas, June M Sadowsky, Cameron B Jeter
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is the gradual loss of one's ability to learn, remember, pay attention, and make decisions. Cognitively impaired elderly people are a challenging patient population for dental health care professionals and may be at higher risk of developing oral health diseases. The authors systematically reviewed interventions effective at improving dental health in patients with cognitive impairment and described research gaps remaining. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: In a comprehensive search of multiple databases, the authors identified 2,255 studies published in the English language from 1995 through March 2016...
April 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168829/exploring-dental-student-participation-in-interdisciplinary-care-team-conferences-in-long-term-care
#12
Jeremy Huynh, Leeann R Donnelly, Mario A Brondani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how the participation of dental hygiene students in interdisciplinary care conferences conducted in long-term care (LTC) facilities influenced the staff's awareness of oral health, the student's provision of care as well as the student's ability to work on an interdisciplinary team. BACKGROUND: Oral health in LTC continues to be poor despite many educational and clinical interventions. The care of a frail elder requires an interdisciplinary team approach, yet dental professionals are often absent from these teams...
February 7, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#13
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050500/influence-of-hypertension-on-ph-of-saliva-and-flow-rate-in-elder-adults-correlating-with-oral-health-status
#14
Vijayalaxmi Nimma, Harshavardhan Talla, Manasa Poosa, Madhulatha Gopaladas, Deepika Meesala, L Jayanth
INTRODUCTION: One of the most prevalent systemic conditions seen in the elderly individuals is hypertension, but very sparse knowledge regarding the influence of hypertension on oral health in known. AIM: Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between hypertension and salivary pH, flow rate and its effect on oral health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 40 elderly individuals above 60 years of age, of which 20 individuals (control group) were normotensive without using any medication and 20 individuals (study group) were hypertensive using anti-hypertensive medication...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551145/professional-caregivers-oral-care-practices-and-beliefs-for-elderly-clients-aging-in-place
#15
Ashley M Delgado, Thomas Prihoda, Carol Nguyen, Beatriz Hicks, Lynn Smiley, Melanie Taverna
PURPOSE: As recently as the 1990s long-term care facilities (LTCFs) were the main housing option for semi- or fully-dependent elders. Today, 90% of those 65 and older want to "age in place." The growth of the elderly population that want to "age in place" will require increasing numbers of professional caregivers to assist in oral care practices. The purpose of this study was to address the gap in the knowledge about the oral care practices and beliefs of professional caregivers who work for non-medical in-home care companies charged in the care of "aging in place" elders...
August 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526216/digital-stories-as-a-tool-for-health-promotion-and-youth-engagement
#16
Sarah Fletcher, Jennifer Mullett
OBJECTIVES: To provide opportunities for intergenerational knowledge sharing for healthy lifestyles; to facilitate youth and Elder mentorship; and to increase the self-esteem of youth by celebrating identity, cultural practices and community connection through the creation and sharing of digital stories. PARTICIPANTS: A youth research team (8 youth) aged 13-25, youth participants (60 core participants and 170 workshop participants) and Elders (14) from First Nations communities...
August 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457693/ethnobotanical-investigation-on-medicinal-plants-in-the-vesuvio-national-park-campania-southern-italy
#17
Bruno Menale, Olga De Castro, Ciro Cascone, Rosa Muoio
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper illustrates the results of an ethnobotanical study carried out in the Vesuvio National Park (VNP) (Campania, Southern Italy). It describes the medicinal uses of the plants in an ancient area rich in ethnobiodiversity investigated for the first time. AIM FOR THE STUDY: The main aim of the study was to understand at what extent current knowledge on medicinal plant uses is still alive in VNP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The informations were collected using semi-structured and unstructured interviews performed on 136 persons living in the investigated area from March to November 2014 and from April to October 2015...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429475/medicinal-plants-used-for-treating-reproductive-health-care-problems-in-cameroon-central-africa-1
#18
Roger Tsobou, Pierre Marie Mapongmetsem, Patrick Van Damme
Medicinal Plants Used for Treating Reproductive Health Care Problems in Cameroon, Central Africa. Approximately 80% of the African population uses traditional plants to deal with health problems, basically because of their easy accessibility and affordability. This study was carried out to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used by traditional healers and elders in the treatment of reproductive health care in the Bamboutos Division of the West Region in Cameroon, Central Africa. The research methods used included semi-structured interviews and participative field observations...
2016: Economic Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225583/front-matter
#19
(no author information available yet)
The pHealth 2016 Conference is the 13th in a series of scientific events bringing together expertise from medical, technological, political, administrative, legal and social domains. pHealth 2016 opens a new chapter in the success story of the series of international conferences on wearable or implantable micro, nano and biotechnologies for personalized health. Starting in 2003 with personal health management systems, pHealth has continuously extended its scope evolving to a truly interdisciplinary event by covering technological and biomedical facilities, legal, ethical, social, and organizational requirements and impacts as well as necessary basic research for enabling the future proof care paradigms...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27124257/oral-health-status-of-older-adults-in-sweden-receiving-elder-care-findings-from-nursing-assessments
#20
Isabelle Johansson, Henrik Jansson, Ulrika Lindmark
BACKGROUND: Frail elderly people often have poor oral hygiene, contributing to oral health problems that can detract significantly from quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe oral health status of frail elderly individuals using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide-Jönköping (ROAG-J), a mouth assessment instrument that can be used in daily nursing care. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Swedish Senior Alert quality registry in one Swedish municipality...
May 2016: Nursing Research
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