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oral health knowledge elderly

Leorik P Silva, Rafaella B Leite, Ana P V Sobral, José A Arruda, Leni V Oliveira, Mariana S Noronha, Camila O Kato, Ricardo A Mesquita, Lauren F Schuch, Ana P N Gomes, Ana C U Vasconcelos, Lélia B Souza
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral and maxillofacial lesions among older adults (≥60 years) from representative regions in Brazil. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Biopsy records were obtained from the archives of four Brazilian referral centers of oral diagnosis between 2000 and 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 45,506 biopsy records of all patients were analyzed, of these 7,259 persons aged 60 and older were selected...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Natalia S Rozas, June M Sadowsky, Cameron B Jeter
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is the gradual loss of one's ability to learn, remember, pay attention, and make decisions. Cognitively impaired elderly people are a challenging patient population for dental health care professionals and may be at higher risk of developing oral health diseases. The authors systematically reviewed interventions effective at improving dental health in patients with cognitive impairment and described research gaps remaining. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: In a comprehensive search of multiple databases, the authors identified 2,255 studies published in the English language from 1995 through March 2016...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
Jeremy Huynh, Leeann R Donnelly, Mario A Brondani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how the participation of dental hygiene students in interdisciplinary care conferences conducted in long-term care (LTC) facilities influenced the staff's awareness of oral health, the student's provision of care as well as the student's ability to work on an interdisciplinary team. BACKGROUND: Oral health in LTC continues to be poor despite many educational and clinical interventions. The care of a frail elder requires an interdisciplinary team approach, yet dental professionals are often absent from these teams...
February 7, 2017: Gerodontology
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vijayalaxmi Nimma, Harshavardhan Talla, Manasa Poosa, Madhulatha Gopaladas, Deepika Meesala, L Jayanth
INTRODUCTION: One of the most prevalent systemic conditions seen in the elderly individuals is hypertension, but very sparse knowledge regarding the influence of hypertension on oral health in known. AIM: Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between hypertension and salivary pH, flow rate and its effect on oral health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 40 elderly individuals above 60 years of age, of which 20 individuals (control group) were normotensive without using any medication and 20 individuals (study group) were hypertensive using anti-hypertensive medication...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ashley M Delgado, Thomas Prihoda, Carol Nguyen, Beatriz Hicks, Lynn Smiley, Melanie Taverna
PURPOSE: As recently as the 1990s long-term care facilities (LTCFs) were the main housing option for semi- or fully-dependent elders. Today, 90% of those 65 and older want to "age in place." The growth of the elderly population that want to "age in place" will require increasing numbers of professional caregivers to assist in oral care practices. The purpose of this study was to address the gap in the knowledge about the oral care practices and beliefs of professional caregivers who work for non-medical in-home care companies charged in the care of "aging in place" elders...
August 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Sarah Fletcher, Jennifer Mullett
OBJECTIVES: To provide opportunities for intergenerational knowledge sharing for healthy lifestyles; to facilitate youth and Elder mentorship; and to increase the self-esteem of youth by celebrating identity, cultural practices and community connection through the creation and sharing of digital stories. PARTICIPANTS: A youth research team (8 youth) aged 13-25, youth participants (60 core participants and 170 workshop participants) and Elders (14) from First Nations communities...
August 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Bruno Menale, Olga De Castro, Ciro Cascone, Rosa Muoio
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper illustrates the results of an ethnobotanical study carried out in the Vesuvio National Park (VNP) (Campania, Southern Italy). It describes the medicinal uses of the plants in an ancient area rich in ethnobiodiversity investigated for the first time. AIM FOR THE STUDY: The main aim of the study was to understand at what extent current knowledge on medicinal plant uses is still alive in VNP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The informations were collected using semi-structured and unstructured interviews performed on 136 persons living in the investigated area from March to November 2014 and from April to October 2015...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Roger Tsobou, Pierre Marie Mapongmetsem, Patrick Van Damme
Medicinal Plants Used for Treating Reproductive Health Care Problems in Cameroon, Central Africa. Approximately 80% of the African population uses traditional plants to deal with health problems, basically because of their easy accessibility and affordability. This study was carried out to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used by traditional healers and elders in the treatment of reproductive health care in the Bamboutos Division of the West Region in Cameroon, Central Africa. The research methods used included semi-structured interviews and participative field observations...
2016: Economic Botany
(no author information available yet)
The pHealth 2016 Conference is the 13th in a series of scientific events bringing together expertise from medical, technological, political, administrative, legal and social domains. pHealth 2016 opens a new chapter in the success story of the series of international conferences on wearable or implantable micro, nano and biotechnologies for personalized health. Starting in 2003 with personal health management systems, pHealth has continuously extended its scope evolving to a truly interdisciplinary event by covering technological and biomedical facilities, legal, ethical, social, and organizational requirements and impacts as well as necessary basic research for enabling the future proof care paradigms...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Isabelle Johansson, Henrik Jansson, Ulrika Lindmark
BACKGROUND: Frail elderly people often have poor oral hygiene, contributing to oral health problems that can detract significantly from quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe oral health status of frail elderly individuals using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide-Jönköping (ROAG-J), a mouth assessment instrument that can be used in daily nursing care. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Swedish Senior Alert quality registry in one Swedish municipality...
May 2016: Nursing Research
Masanobu Shiga, Koji Kawai, Kousuke Kojyo, Masahiro Kurobe, Daishi Ichioka, Takayuki Yoshino, Atsushi Ikeda, Takahiro Kojima, Akira Joraku, Takahiro Suetomi, Masakazu Tsutsumi, Jun Miyazaki, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
Testicular tumors are representative solid cancers that occur in young men, and the standard multi-drug combination chemotherapy has been established for metastatic tumors. However, they develop rarely in elderly men over 70 years old, and there are few reports about the information of combination chemotherapy for elderly testicular tumor patients. Here, we present a case in a 79-year-old who had right testicular tumors (seminoma, cT2N3M1a, IGCC classification : good prognosis) safely treated with multi-drug combination chemotherapy...
December 2015: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Young-Shin Lee, Hee-Gerl Kim, Kim Moreno
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of xerostomia and related factors among low-income older adults in South Korea. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional, population-based study. METHODS: Using data from the Home Healthcare Service Project, a population-based interview survey with home healthcare service, a total of 9,840 adults 65 years of age and older were assessed for the presence of xerostomia in association with aspects of health lifestyles, chronic disease, oral conditions, and oral function...
January 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Sanjeev Khanagar, S Naganandini, Jaspreet Singh Tuteja, Sachin Naik, G Satish, K T Divya
BACKGROUND: The population of older people, as well as the number of dependent older people, is steadily increasing; those unable to live independently at home are being cared for in a range of settings. Practical training for nurses and auxiliary care staff has frequently been recommended as a way of improving oral health care for functionally dependent elderly. The aim was improve oral hygiene in institutionalized elderly in Bangalore city by educating their caregivers. METHODS: The study is a cluster randomized intervention trial with an elderly home as unit of randomization in which 7 out of 65 elderly homes were selected...
September 2015: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
S P Zusman, K A Eaton, M Harris, C Amariei
AIM: A pilot project to improve the oral health of Romanian orphans and elderly people in residential homes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The orphanage and old persons' home were in Constanta. After training, 50 fifth-year dental students made 14 weekly residential home visits to improve carers' oral health knowledge and oral hygiene (OH) procedures and to monitor progress in one orphan and one old person. At baseline and after 14 weeks a local dental school staff member examined each orphan and old person's oral health using WHO (1997) criteria and the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S)...
June 2015: Community Dental Health
Peter Y S Ong, Narendran Koomanan, McVin H H Cheen, Yi Feng Lai, Seng Han Lim, Ming Chai Kong, Heng Joo Ng
INTRODUCTION: Elderly patients intrinsically have higher bleeding risks, deterring clinicians from prescribing them oral anticoagulants. Setting a narrow international normalized ratio (INR) target range might potentially mitigate some of these risks. This study sought to compare the outcomes of elderly patients who were assigned to either a narrow INR target range or the conventional INR target range in a real-world environment. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study with the primary and secondary outcomes being the mean percentage time above INR 3...
September 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
(no author information available yet)
The pHealth 2015 Conference is the 12th in a series of scientific events bringing together expertise from medical, technological, political, administrative, and social domains, and even from philosophy or linguistics. It opens a new chapter in the success story of the series of international conferences on wearable or implantable micro and nano technologies for personalized medicine by presenting keynotes, invited talks, oral presentations, and short poster presentations provided by close to 100 authors from 20 countries from various parts of the world...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Saruta Saengtipbovorn, Surasak Taneepanichskul
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus among the elderly. Chronic inflammation from diabetes mellitus effects glycemic control and increases risk of diabetes complications. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a Lifestyle Change plus Dental Care (LCDC) program by improved knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) toward oral health and diabetes mellitus among the elderly with type 2 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in two Health Centers (HC 54 intervention and HC 59 control) between October 2013 and April 2014...
March 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Janine van Kooten, Suzanne Delwel, Tarik T Binnekade, Martin Smalbrugge, Johannes C van der Wouden, Roberto S G M Perez, Didi Rhebergen, Wouter W A Zuurmond, Max L Stek, Frank Lobbezoo, Cees M P M Hertogh, Erik J A Scherder
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common problem in people with dementia, however the exact prevalence of pain in dementia subtypes, e.g. Alzheimer's Disease (AD), Vascular Dementia (VaD), Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) and dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB), is unknown, as is the relation between pain and the different subtypes of dementia. In this study, the prevalence of pain in people with dementia will be investigated per dementia subtype and the relationship between the various subtypes of dementia and the presence of specific types of pain (i...
March 21, 2015: BMC Geriatrics
G Piluzza, S Virdis, F Serralutzu, S Bullitta
ETHNO-PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The cultural heritage of Sardinian shepherds is rapidly vanishing and survives in the memory of elderly people. The objective of our study was not only to report the usage of plants and their preparation for administration but also the use of other remedies of different origin arising from traditional ethno-veterinary knowledge, as Sardinian shepherds were used to employ plants, animals, minerals and combinations of several substances to prepare remedies for prophylaxis or therapy on their animals...
June 20, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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