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Planned relaparotomy

Tyler J Loftus, Janeen R Jordan, Chasen A Croft, R Stephen Smith, Philip A Efron, Frederick A Moore, Alicia M Mohr, Scott C Brakenridge
BACKGROUND: Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) may be performed for cirrhotic patients undergoing emergent laparotomy. The effects of cirrhosis on physiologic parameters, resuscitation requirements, and outcomes following TAC are unknown. We hypothesized that cirrhotic TAC patients would have different resuscitation requirements and worse outcomes than noncirrhotic patients. METHODS: We performed a 3-year retrospective cohort analysis of 231 patients managed with TAC following emergent laparotomy for sepsis, trauma, or abdominal compartment syndrome...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Meaghan K Ropski, Julien Guillaumin, Andrea A Monnig, Katy Townsend, Mary A McLoughlin
OBJECTIVE: To report the successful management of a dog with septic peritonitis and septic shock secondary to enterectomy dehiscence using novel techniques for identification of intestinal dehiscence and for septic shock treatment. CASE SUMMARY: A 5-year-old castrated male Bernese Mountain Dog presented for lethargy 6 days following enterotomy for foreign body obstruction. Septic peritonitis was identified due to dehiscence of the enterotomy site, and resection and anastomosis were performed using a gastrointestinal anastomosis and thoracoabdominal stapling device...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Tyler J Loftus, Janeen R Jordan, Chasen A Croft, R Stephen Smith, Philip A Efron, Alicia M Mohr, Frederick A Moore, Scott C Brakenridge
BACKGROUND: Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) after damage control surgery (DCS) for injured patients has been generalized to septic patients. However, direct comparisons between these populations are lacking. We hypothesized that patients with intra-abdominal sepsis would have different resuscitation requirements and lower primary fascial closure rates than trauma patients. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a 3-year retrospective cohort analysis of patients managed with TAC for trauma (n = 77) or intra-abdominal sepsis (n = 147)...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Helmut Witzigmann, Markus K Diener, Stefan Kienkötter, Inga Rossion, Thomas Bruckner, Bärbel Werner, Olaf Pridöhl, Olga Radulova-Mauersberger, Heike Lauer, Phillip Knebel, Alexis Ulrich, Oliver Strobel, Thilo Hackert, Markus W Büchler
OBJECTIVE: This dual-center, randomized, controlled, noninferiority trial aimed to prove that omission of drains does not increase reintervention rates after pancreatic surgery. BACKGROUND: There is considerable uncertainty regarding intra-abdominal drainage after pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: Patients undergoing pancreatic head resection with pancreaticojejunal anastomosis were randomized to intra-abdominal drainage versus no drainage. Primary endpoint was overall reintervention rate (relaparotomy or radiologic intervention)...
September 2016: Annals of Surgery
M F Scriba, G L Laing, J L Bruce, B Sartorius, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: This study compares planned repeat laparotomy (PR) with on-demand repeat laparotomy (OD) in a developing world setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted over a 30-month study period (December 2012-May 2015) at Greys Hospital, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. All trauma and general surgery adult patients requiring a single relaparotomy were included in this study. Prospectively gathered data entered into an established electronic registry were retrospectively analysed...
July 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Karolina Gruca-Stryjak, Mariola Ropacka-Lesiak, Grzegorz Breborowicz
This paper presents a case of a pregnant woman with a history of two cesarean sections. The patient was admitted to the hospital because of vaginal bleeding. The ultrasound revealed a placenta covering the internal os. The placenta was characterized by heterogeneous echogenicity with visible irregular hypoechogenic areas and blurred border between the placenta and the cervix. Rich vascularity was observed on the border of the placenta, urethra and the urinary bladder. Cystoscopy showed severe congestion around the urethra...
December 2015: Ginekologia Polska
S V Malyk, V I Podlesnyi, D O Lavrenko, I V Ksyonz
During 2011 - 2014 yrs in Surgical Clinic of The First City Clinic (Poltava) a relaparotomy was performed in 127 patients. There was established, that relaparotomy constitutes the only one procedure for such life threatening states, as intraabdominal bleeding, ileus in a decompensation stage, eventration, progressing peritonitis, abdominal compartment syndrome stages III - IV. The rate of relaparotomy application after performance of urgent operative interventions is bigger than after planned operations (ratio 4:1)...
October 2015: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Hardy Krause, Hans-Jürgen Hass, Ralf Böttger, Claudia Gerloff, Anke Rissmann, Frank Meyer
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was to assess the value of the today's appropriate approach, preterm delivery in the 34th week of gestation by Caesarean section and subsequent surgical intervention at the perinatal center, in daily practice of pediatric surgery with regard to early postoperative and mid-term outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over the time period of 9 years, all consecutive cases diagnosed with gastroschisis at the perinatal center, University Hospital of Magdeburg, were born by Caesarean section within the 34th week of gestation followed by surgical intervention...
July 1, 2015: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Volker Assfalg, Petra Wolf, Daniel Reim, Norbert Hüser, Georg Hellbrügge, Edouard Matevossian, Helmut Friess, Bernhard Holzmann, Klaus L Emmanuel, Alexander R Novotny
PURPOSE: Secondary peritonitis remains challenging to manage and some recent evidence suggests that on-demand relaparotomy is more appropriate than planned relaparotomy. This study was designed to validate the predictive power of postoperative procalcitonin (PCT) changes in relation to elimination of the septic abdominal focus. METHODS: In this prospective trial, postoperative PCT serum levels were monitored in 234 surgical patients with secondary peritonitis. The PCT ratio on postoperative days (PODs) 1 and 2 (focus index; FI) was calculated and correlated with the success of the operation...
May 2016: Surgery Today
Matthias F Scriba, Grant L Laing, John L Bruce, Damian L Clarke
BACKGROUND: Repeat laparotomy is associated with significant morbidity and mortality; however, developing world data are scarce. This study reviews the spectrum and outcomes of relaparotomy in a developing world setting. METHODS: Prospectively collected data from adult patients needing repeat laparotomy over an 18-month period were analyzed. RESULTS: Relaparotomy rate was 24% and average age was 38 years with a male predominance (70%). Appendicitis and trauma were the most common diagnoses...
October 2015: American Journal of Surgery
Manuela Cesaretti, Michele Malerba, Valeria Basso, Chiara Boccardo, Roberta Santoni, Gabriele D'Alessandro, Andrea Weiss, Corrado Campisi, Franco De Cian
Cutaneous metastases of internal neoplasms are uncommon. They can be metachronous or synchronous to the primary tumor and typically appear late in the course of advanced malignant disease. Gastric cancer rarely is reported as a cause of cutaneous metastasis; the most common metastatic sites are the liver, peritoneal cavity, and lymph nodes. We report a case of cutaneous metastasis from a primary gastric tumor that had been treated 6 years prior. There was no visceral invasion. The patient was treated successfully via a relaparotomy to exclude any macroscopic abdominal recurrence and complete excision of the lesion with a plastic flap to compensate for the tissue lost in the resection...
April 2014: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Shashi Prakash Mishra, Satyendra Kumar Tiwary, Manjaree Mishra, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta
Intraperitoneal infection known as peritonitis is a major killer in the practice of clinical surgery. Tertiary peritonitis (TP) may be defined as intra-abdominal infection that persists or recurs ³48 h following successful and adequate surgical source control. A planned or on-demand relaparotomy after an initial operation is probably most frequent way to diagnose TP, but is a late event to occur. Hence it is desirable to have timely and nonoperative diagnosis of TP after the initial operation and subsequent initiation of an appropriate therapy to reduce the complications and to improve the outcome...
April 2014: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
Koray Das, Mehmet Ozdogan, Faruk Karateke, Abdurrahman Selcuk Uzun, Selim Sozen, Sabri Ozdas
BACKGROUND: The first aim of this study was to discuss the factors affecting mortality rate in patients with severe intraabdominal sepsis treated with planned relaparotomy. The second aim was to compare APACHEE II, P-POSSUM and SAPS II scoring systems to allow identification of high-risk patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A series of 34 patients who had intra-abdominal sepsis and treated with planned relaparotomy between January 2009 and January 2012 were included the study...
January 2014: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
François Paye, Renato M Lupinacci, Aurore Kraemer, Thomas Lescot, Najim Chafaï, Emmanuel Tiret, Pierre Balladur
BACKGROUND: After pancreaticoduodenectomy, severe pancreatic fistula may require salvage relaparotomy in patients with largely disrupted pancreaticojejunal anastomosis. Completion pancreatectomy remains the gold standard but yields high mortality and severe long-term repercussions. The authors report the results of a pancreas-preserving strategy used in this life-threatening condition. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-four pancreaticoduodenectomies with pancreaticojejunal anastomosis were performed between 2005 and 2011; 21 patients underwent salvage relaparotomy for grade C pancreatic fistula...
August 2013: American Journal of Surgery
Krstina Doklestić, Branislav Stefanović, Aleksandar Karamarkovik, Vesna Bumbasirević, Branislava Stefanović, Pavle Gregorić, Dejan Radenković, Djordje Bajec
INTRODUCTION: Hemangioma is the most frequent benign solid tumor of the liver. It is well known that a giant liver hemangioma carries the risk of spontaneous rupture, followed by hemoperitoneum and hemorrhagic shock with possible fatal outcome. CASE OUTLINE: This is a case report of the spontaneous rupture of a giant cavernous hemangioma of the liver in an 85-year old patient.The patient was presented with abdominal pain and hemorrhagic shock. Emergency ultrasonography and computed tomography of the abdomen showed a heterogeneous ruptured solid tumor of the right liver lobe, multiple cysts in the left lobe and massive hemoperitoneum...
January 2013: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Mark O Hardin, James E Mace, John D Ritchie, Kevin K Chung, Katharine W Markell, Evan M Renz, Steven E Wolf, Lorne H Blackbourne, Christopher E White
Few descriptions of temporary abdominal closure for planned relaparotomy have been reported in burned patients. The purpose of this study is to describe our experience and outcomes in the management of burned patients with an open abdomen. The authors performed a retrospective review of all admissions to our burn center from March 2003 to June 2008, identifying patients treated by laparotomy with temporary abdominal closure. The authors collected data on patient demographics, indication for laparotomy, methods of temporary and definitive abdominal closure, and outcomes...
July 2012: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
O Strobel, J Werner, M W Büchler
Despite significant progress the therapy of peritonitis remains challenging. With a mortality of up to 20% peritonitis is a predominant cause of death due to surgical infections. An early and efficient source control combined with effective antibiotic therapy and modern intensive care and sepsis therapy are definitive for the outcome and prognosis of secondary peritonitis. In approximately 90% of patients an effective source control can be achieved by one single operation with extensive peritoneal lavage. A reoperation is necessary in only about 10% of patients...
March 2011: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
W Hartl, D Kuppinger, M Vilsmaier
BACKGROUND: There is some controversy regarding concepts currently propagated for an optimal surgical and antibiotic therapy in patients with secondary peritonitis and organ failure. It is not known whether the recent general progress in critical care ("Surviving Sepsis Campaign") has also improved outcome of this particular patient group. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were non-systematically searched from 1985 through January 2010 using the words "source control", "peritonitis", "operation", "critical care" and "antibiotics"...
February 2011: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Michael D Goodman, Timothy A Pritts, Betty J Tsuei
BACKGROUND: This paper describes our experience with a novel method of temporary abdominal closure that permits frequent reassessment of the abdominal contents and progressive reapproximation of the fascial edges without compromising definitive fascial closure outcomes. METHODS: We developed a novel method of temporary abdominal closure, which we have named the frequent assessment temporary abdominal closure (FASTAC). The records of patients who underwent planned relaparotomy during 5 years were reviewed...
October 2010: Surgery
Xianzhi Meng, Lianxin Liu, Hongchi Jiang
Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a highly lethal clinical entity associated with high morbidity and mortality. Bowel necrosis often results, usually necessitating bowel resection; however, deciding on the extent of resection is problematic as accurate identification of ischemic bowel that may undergo subsequent infarction is difficult. Therefore, a second-look laparotomy after the first operation is usually recommended. While the second-look procedure is widely accepted, its optimal indications and mode are still controversial, raising questions such as "second-look or not?," "planned relaparotomy or relaparotomy on demand?," and "open or laparoscopic?" In this review we discuss the relevant literature and reassess the role of the second-look operation in the treatment of AMI...
August 2010: Surgery Today
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