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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706191/aldehyde-dehydrogenase-1-positive-nigrostriatal-dopaminergic-fibers-exhibit-distinct-projection-pattern-and-dopamine-release-dynamics-at-mouse-dorsal-striatum
#1
Carmelo Sgobio, Junbing Wu, Wang Zheng, Xi Chen, Jing Pan, Armando G Salinas, Margaret I Davis, David M Lovinger, Huaibin Cai
Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1A1)-positive dopaminergic (DA) neurons at the ventral substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) preferentially degenerate in Parkinson's disease (PD). Their projection pattern and dopamine release properties, however, remains uncharacterized. Here we show that ALDH1A1-positive axons project predominantly to the rostral two-thirds of dorsal striatum. A portion of these axons converge on a small fraction of striosome compartments restricted to the dorsolateral striatum (DLS), where less dopamine release was measured compared to the adjacent matrix enriched with the ALDH1A1-negative axons...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692568/superior-segment-facet-joint-violation-during-instrumented-lumbar-fusion-is-associated-with-higher-reoperation-rates-and-diminished-improvement-in-quality-of-life
#2
Jay M Levin, Vincent J Alentado, Andrew T Healy, Michael P Steinmetz, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study at a single tertiary care center. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of superior segment facet joint violation (FJV) during lumbar fusion on reoperation rates and quality of life (QOL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although lumbar fusion is an efficacious and durable treatment for numerous spinal pathologies, adjacent segment degeneration remains a serious complication. FJV has been suggested to alter load-bearing capability and potentially contribute to adjacent segment degeneration...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681193/bone-spect-ct-in-the-postoperative-spine-a-focus-on-spinal-fusion
#3
REVIEW
Khulood Al-Riyami, Gopinath Gnanasegaran, Tim Van den Wyngaert, Jamshed Bomanji
Low back pain is a global problem affecting one in 10 people. The management of low back pain varies from conservative to more invasive methods with a spectacular increase in the number of patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery during the last decade. Conventional radiological and radionuclide studies are often used in the assessment of persistent or recurring pain after spinal surgery with several advantages and limitations related to each technique. This article reviews the key contribution of integrated bone SPECT/CT in evaluating patients with persistent or recurring pain after spinal surgery, focusing on spinal fusion...
July 5, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678112/prosthesis-and-hybrid-strategy-consideration-for-treating-2-level-cervical-disc-degeneration-in-hybrid-surgery
#4
Yang Li, Guy R Fogel, Zhenhua Liao, Rajnesh Tyagi, Weiqiang Liu
STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical analysis using a validated nonlinear finite element (FE) model. OBJECTIVE: To combine the strategy of two-level hybrid surgery (HS) to explore how prostheses affect cervical biomechanics. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Few FE studies have explored differences in biomechanical behavior between combined and stand-alone structured prostheses with HS. No FE studies have considered whether the prosthesis type and hybrid strategy influence two-level HS...
July 3, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677150/histopathological-changes-on-the-gills-of-asp-aspius-aspius-and-european-catfish-silurus-glanis-caused-by-lamproglena-pulchella-and-a-lamproglena-sp-copepoda-lernaeidae-respectively
#5
K Molnár, A Avenant-Oldewage, B Sellyei, Á Varga, C Székely
In a parasitology survey of Hungarian fishes, heavy infections of parasitic copepods Lamproglena pulchella and a Lamproglena sp. were found in the gills of the asp and the European catfish, respectively. Individuals of both fish species were emaciated and infected with hundreds of Lamproglena. Copepods located close to the tip of gill filaments and formed a depression at the attachment sites. In histological sections, cell degenerations and local haemorrhages were present adjacent to the maxillipeds and where the maxillary claws pierced the gill tissue...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676980/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-at-10-years-of-follow-up-after-total-cervical-disc-replacement
#6
Christoph Mehren, Franziska Heider, Christoph J Siepe, Bernhard Zillner, Ralph Kothe, Andreas Korge, H Michael Mayer
PURPOSE: Previous studies have demonstrated that total cervical disc replacement (cTDR) represents a viable treatment alternative to the 'gold standard' anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for the treatment of well-defined cervical pathologies at short- and mid-term follow-up (FU). However, the implementation and acceptance of a non-fusion philosophy is closely associated with its avoidance of adjacent segment degeneration. Proof of the functional sustainability and clinical improvement of symptoms at long-term FU is still pending...
July 4, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674383/mr-imaging-features-of-benign-retroperitoneal-extra-adrenal-paragangliomas
#7
Yanguang Shen, Yan Zhong, Haiyi Wang, Lu Ma, Yingwei Wang, Jingjing Pan, Kun Zhang, Zhonghua Sun, Huiyi Ye
The goal of this study was to retrospectively review the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of retroperitoneal extra-adrenal paragangliomas and to evaluate the diagnostic capabilities of MRI. Twenty-four patients with confirmed benign retroperitoneal extra-adrenal paragangliomas who underwent preoperative MRI and surgical resection were enrolled. The patients' clinical characteristics and MRI features were reviewed by two radiologists. There were no significant differences in the qualitative and quantitative MRI features were determined by the reviewers...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673601/femoroacetabular-impingement-causes-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip-by-migration-and-micro-instability-of-the-femoral-head
#8
Henk Eijer, Tom Hogervorst
Femoroacetabular impingement is the condition whereby parts of the proximal femur mechanically collide with the acetabular rim leading to adjacent and contrecoup acetabular damage. Evidence is growing that at least for cam impingement, and perhaps less so for pincer impingement, there is a relation to the development of osteoarthritis. It has been demonstrated that surgery for impingement can improve function and decrease pain. Intuitively, it would then make sense that surgical intervention would prevent further degeneration...
July 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666281/structural-changes-in-optical-coherence-tomography-underlying-spots-of-increased-autofluorescence-in-the-perilesional-zone-of-geographic-atrophy
#9
Maho Oishi, Akio Oishi, Moritz Lindner, Maximillian Pfau, Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg, Frank G Holz, Monika Fleckenstein
Purpose: To investigate structural correlates corresponding to the appearance of increased fundus autofluorescence (FAF) in the perilesional area of geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration. Methods: Serial FAF images of 181 eyes with GA of 134 patients participating in the Directional Spread in Geographic Atrophy study (NCT02051998) were screened for increased FAF spots that had developed during the review period. Thickness and reflectivity of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-basal lamina complex, as well as the integrity of the external limiting membrane (ELM) and the ellipsoid zone (EZ), respectively, in corresponding optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans were compared between the time points before and after the appearance of increased FAF...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661265/medium-term-effects-of-dynesys-dynamic-stabilization-versus-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-treatment-of-multisegmental-lumbar-degenerative-disease
#10
Haiting Wu, Qingjiang Pang, Guoqiang Jiang
Objective To compare the medium-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of Dynesys dynamic stabilization and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for treatment of multisegmental lumbar degenerative disease. Methods Fifty-seven patients with multisegmental lumbar degenerative disease underwent Dynesys stabilization (n = 26) or PLIF (n = 31) from December 2008 to February 2010. The mean follow-up period was 50.3 (range, 46-65) months. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Oswestry disability index (ODI)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660403/mr-imaging-features-of-hemispherical-spondylosclerosis
#11
Joao R T Vicentini, Edgar L Martinez-Salazar, Connie Y Chang, Miriam A Bredella, Daniel I Rosenthal, Martin Torriani
OBJECTIVE: Hemispherical spondylosclerosis (HS) is a rare degenerative entity characterized by dome-shaped sclerosis of a single vertebral body that may pose a diagnostic dilemma. The goal of this study was to describe the MR imaging features of HS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified spine radiographs and CT examinations of subjects with HS who also had MR imaging for correlation. Two musculoskeletal radiologists independently assessed sclerosis characteristics, presence of endplate erosions, marrow signal intensity, and disk degeneration (Pfirrmann scale)...
June 28, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651616/the-influence-of-l4-s1-dynesys%C3%A2-dynamic-stabilization-versus-fusion-on-lumbar-motion-and-its-relationship-with-lumbar-degeneration-a-retrospective-study
#12
Chengmin Zhang, Liyuan Wang, Tianyong Hou, Lei Luo, Chen Zhao, Yibo Gan, Qiang Zhou, Pei Li
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Dynesys® posterior dynamic stabilization (PDS) in the treatment of L4-S1 degenerative diseases and to assess the influence of postoperative motion on lumbar degeneration. METHODS: Included in this retrospective study were patients with L4-S1 degenerative disease who underwent fusion or PDS from September 2010 to September 2014. Clinical outcomes were assessed by preoperative and postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650706/commentary-on-comparison-of-adjacent-segment-degeneration-after-nonrigid-fixation-system-and-posterior-lumbar-inter-body-fusion-for-single-level-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-new-method-of-mri-analysis-of-lumbar-nucleuspulposus-volumen
#13
Máximo-Alberto Díez-Ulloa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625479/the-change-of-adjacent-segment-after-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-compared-with-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Liang Dong, Zhengwei Xu, Xiujin Chen, Dongqi Wang, Dichen Li, Tuanjing Liu, Dingjun Hao
BACKGROUD CONTEXT: Many meta-analyses have been performed to study the efficacy of cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) compared with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF); however, there are few data referring to adjacent segment within these meta-analyses, or investigators are unable to arrive at the same conclusion in the few meta-analyses about adjacent segment. With the increased concerns surrounding adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and adjacent segment disease (ASDis) after anterior cervical surgery, it is necessary to perform a comprehensive meta-analysis to analyze adjacent segment parameters...
June 15, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622185/a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-of-the-adjacent-segment-parameters-in-cervical-disk-arthroplasty-versus-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#15
Liang Dong, Dongqi Wang, Xiujin Chen, Tuanjing Liu, Zhengwei Xu, Mingsheng Tan, Dingjun Hao
STUDY DESIGN: This is a meta-analysis of controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: To assess the overall condition of adjacent segment of cervical disk arthroplasty (CDA) compared with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: With the increase in CDA and ACDF, surgeons are taking more attention to adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and adjacent segment disease (ASDis). There are more and more meta-analyses comparing the efficacy of CDA with ACDF, however, there are few meta-analyses referring to adjacent segment parameters, and investigators are still unable to arrive at the same conclusion...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606581/the-effect-of-single-level-disc-degeneration-on-dynamic-response-of-the-whole-lumbar-spine-to-vertical-vibration
#16
Li-Xin Guo, Wei Fan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of single-level disc degeneration on dynamic response of the whole lumbar spine to vertical whole body vibration that is typically present when driving vehicles. METHODS: Ligamentous finite element models of the lumbar L1-S1 motion segment in different grades of degeneration (healthy, mild and moderate) at L4-L5 level were developed with consideration of changing disc height and material properties of the nucleus pulpous...
June 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604508/symptomatic-adjacent-segment-disease-after-anterior-cervical-discectomy-for-single-level-degenerative-disk-disease
#17
Roland D Donk, Wim I M Verhagen, Allard J F Hosman, Andre Verbeek, Ronald H M A Bartels
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort of 142 patients underwent either anterior cervical discectomy alone, anterior cervical discectomy with fusion by cage stand-alone, or anterior cervical discectomy with arthroplasty. We then followed up on their condition for a mean of 9.1±1.9 years (5.6-12.2 y) later. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the annual rate of clinically symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASD) and to analyze predictive factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Until recent, ASD has been predominantly evaluated radiologically...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604488/anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-outcomes-over-10-years-a-prospective-study
#18
Glenn R Buttermann
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with >10-year follow-up. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term, >10-year, clinical outcomes of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and to compare outcomes based on primary diagnosis of disc herniation; stenosis or advanced degenerative disc disease (DDD); number of levels treated; and preexisting adjacent level degeneration. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is a proven treatment for patients with stenosis and disc herniation and results in significantly improved short- and intermediate-term outcomes...
June 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601219/the-importance-of-being-modified-the-role-of-rna-modifications-in-translational-fidelity
#19
Paul F Agris, Amithi Narendran, Kathryn Sarachan, Ville Y P Väre, Emily Eruysal
The posttranscriptional modifications of tRNA's anticodon stem and loop (ASL) domain represent a third level, a third code, to the accuracy and efficiency of translating mRNA codons into the correct amino acid sequence of proteins. Modifications of tRNA's ASL domain are enzymatically synthesized and site specifically located at the anticodon wobble position-34 and 3'-adjacent to the anticodon at position-37. Degeneracy of the 64 Universal Genetic Codes and the limitation in the number of tRNA species require some tRNAs to decode more than one codon...
2017: Enzymes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598597/azapeptide-synthesis-methods-for-expanding-side-chain-diversity-for-biomedical-applications
#20
Ramesh Chingle, Caroline Proulx, William D Lubell
Mimicry of bioactive conformations is critical for peptide-based medicinal chemistry because such peptidomimetics may augment stability, enhance affinity, and increase specificity. Azapeptides are peptidomimetics in which the α-carbon(s) of one or more amino acid residues are substituted by nitrogen. The resulting semicarbazide analogues have been shown to reinforce β-turn conformation through the combination of lone pair-lone pair repulsion of the adjacent hydrazine nitrogen and urea planarity. Substitution of a semicarbazide for an amino amide residue in a peptide may retain biological activity and add benefits such as improved metabolic stability...
June 9, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
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