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education programmes for community health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326905/assistive-technology-unmet-needs-of-independent-living-older-hispanics-with-functional-limitations
#1
Elsa M Orellano-Colón, Marta Rivero-Méndez, Mauricio Lizama, Jeffrey W Jutai
PURPOSE: To identify: (1) the most frequently used assistive technology (AT) by a sample of community-living older Hispanics; (2) their AT needs; (3) the AT that would not be used by the simple; and (4) the factors associated with the willingness to use AT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a cross-sectional descriptive study design with a purposive sample of 60 individuals 70 years and older living in Puerto Rico. Data collection tools included a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Assistive Technology Card Assessment...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292764/adult-and-adolescent-livestock-productive-asset-transfer-programmes-to-improve-mental-health-economic-stability-and-family-and-community-relationships-in-rural-south-kivu-province-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Anjalee Kohli, Nancy A Perrin, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Mirindi Bacikenge Alfred, Kajabika Binkurhorhwa Arsene, Mwinja Bufole Nadine, Banyewesize Jean Heri, Mitima Murhula Clovis, Nancy Glass
INTRODUCTION: People living in poverty have limited access to traditional financial institutions. Microfinance programmes are designed to meet this gap and show promise in improving income, economic productivity and health. Our Congolese-US community academic research partnership developed two livestock productive asset transfer programmes, Pigs for Peace (PFP) and Rabbits for Resilience (RFR), to address the interlinked health, social and economic well-being of individuals, their families and communities...
March 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288746/population-coverage-of-artemisinin-based-combination-treatment-in-children-younger-than-5-years-with-fever-and-plasmodium-falciparum-infection-in-africa-2003-2015-a-modelling-study-using-data-from-national-surveys
#3
Adam Bennett, Donal Bisanzio, Joshua O Yukich, Bonnie Mappin, Cristin A Fergus, Michael Lynch, Richard E Cibulskis, Samir Bhatt, Daniel J Weiss, Ewan Cameron, Peter W Gething, Thomas P Eisele
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are the most effective treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection. A commonly used indicator for monitoring and assessing progress in coverage of malaria treatment is the proportion of children younger than 5 years with reported fever in the previous 14 days who have received an ACT. We propose an improved indicator that incorporates parasite infection status (as assessed by a rapid diagnostic test [RDT]), which is available in recent household surveys...
April 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266886/changing-student-attitudes-through-interaction-findings-from-an-interprofessional-workshop
#4
Kathleen Gould, Karen H Day, Andrea T Barton
Healthcare professionals are increasingly expected to work in interprofessional teams. Students therefore need opportunities to learn and practise skills that will allow them to be effective team members when they enter the workforce. This article summarises an interprofessional learning experience for 289 undergraduate and graduate students representing 13 programmes in a College of Health Professions (CHP) at a US public university. The half-day workshop provided an opportunity for participants with no prior interprofessional education to collaborate in a problem-solving case study and to inform students of other professions about their professions...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236208/seeking-evidence-of-multidisciplinarity-in-environmental-geochemistry-and-health-an-analysis-of-arsenic-in-drinking-water-research
#5
Abiodun D Aderibigbe, Alex G Stewart, Andrew S Hursthouse
A multidisciplinary approach to research affords the opportunity of objectivity, creation of new knowledge and potentially a more generally acceptable solution to problems that informed the research in the first place. It increasingly features in national programmes supporting basic and applied research, but for over 40 years, has been the arena for many research teams in environmental geochemistry and health. This study explores the nature of multidisciplinary research in the earth and health sciences using a sample selected from co-authored articles reporting research on arsenic (As) in drinking water from 1979 to 2013...
February 24, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222653/who-is-a-community-health-worker-a-systematic-review-of-definitions
#6
Abimbola Olaniran, Helen Smith, Regine Unkels, Sarah Bar-Zeev, Nynke van den Broek
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) can play vital roles in increasing coverage of basic health services. However, there is a need for a systematic categorisation of CHWs that will aid common understanding among policy makers, programme planners, and researchers. OBJECTIVE: To identify the common themes in the definitions and descriptions of CHWs that will aid delineation within this cadre and distinguish CHWs from other healthcare providers. DESIGN: A systematic review of peer-reviewed papers and grey literature...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213603/women-s-experiences-with-cervical-cancer-screening-in-a-colposcopy-referral-clinic-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-qualitative-analysis
#7
Mariette Momberg, Matthys H Botha, Frederick H Van der Merwe, Jennifer Moodley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore and understand women's experience with cervical cancer screening and with the referral pathways for abnormal Papanicolau (Pap) smears. DESIGN AND SETTING: Focus group discussions were conducted with first time colposcopy clinic attendees at a tertiary hospital colposcopy clinic in Cape Town, South Africa during November 2014. A thematic analysis was conducted to identify key themes. Initial coding categories were drawn from the interview guide...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#8
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202089/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-community-and-health-care-seeking-populations-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
M Jordans, S Rathod, A Fekadu, G Medhin, F Kigozi, B Kohrt, N Luitel, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, J Ssebunnya, V Patel, C Lund
Aims Suicidal behaviour is an under-reported and hidden cause of death in most low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to lack of national systematic reporting for cause-specific mortality, high levels of stigma and religious or cultural sanctions. The lack of information on non-fatal suicidal behaviour (ideation, plans and attempts) in LMIC is a major barrier to design and implementation of prevention strategies. This study aims to determine the prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour within community- and health facility-based populations in LMIC...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191723/perceptions-of-hpv-and-attitudes-towards-hpv-vaccination-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-analysis
#10
Tom Nadarzynski, Helen Smith, Daniel Richardson, Alex Pollard, Carrie Llewellyn
OBJECTIVES: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at risk of genital warts and anal cancer due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. This study explores MSMs' perceptions of HPV and HPV vaccination prior to the introduction of this programme. DESIGN: Focus groups and one-to-one interviews with self-identified MSM were conducted between November 2014 and March 2015 in Brighton, UK. METHODS: Participants were recruited from community-based lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender (LGBT) venues and organizations...
February 13, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181847/international-service-learning-and-interprofessional-education-in-ecuador-findings-from-a-phenomenology-study-with-students-from-four-professions
#11
Audrey M Johnson, Dana M Howell
Combined international service learning (ISL) and interprofessional education (IPE) experiences can move health professional student learning beyond the traditional confines of the classroom and outside uniprofessional ethos. The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to describe the shared experience of health professional students participating in an ISL trip to a small community in Ecuador. The study focused on the learning and collaboration that occurred among students from multiple health professions during the trip and the cross-cultural exchange between the students and the patients in Ecuador...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155322/an-assessment-of-implementation-of-communityoriented-primary-care-in-kenyan-family-medicine-postgraduate-medical-education-programmes
#12
Ian J Nelligan, Jacob Shabani, Stephanie Taché, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Megan Mahoney
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family medicine postgraduate programmes in Kenya are examining the benefits of Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) curriculum, as a method to train residents in population-based approaches to health care delivery. Whilst COPC is an established part of family medicine training in the United States, little is known about its application in Kenya. We sought to conduct a qualitative study to explore the development and implementation of COPC curriculum in the first two family medicine postgraduate programmes in Kenya...
December 2, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153933/reducing-falls-after-hospital-discharge-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-an-individualised-multimodal-falls-education-programme-for-older-adults
#13
Anne-Marie Hill, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Steven M McPhail, Meg E Morris, Leon Flicker, Ronald Shorr, Max Bulsara, Den-Ching Lee, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Nicholas Waldron, Amanda Boudville, Terry Haines
INTRODUCTION: Older adults frequently fall after discharge from hospital. Older people may have low self-perceived risk of falls and poor knowledge about falls prevention. The primary aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of providing tailored falls prevention education in addition to usual care on falls rates in older people after discharge from hospital compared to providing a social intervention in addition to usual care. METHODS AND ANALYSES: The 'Back to My Best' study is a multisite, single blind, parallel-group randomised controlled trial with blinded outcome assessment and intention-to-treat analysis, adhering to CONSORT guidelines...
February 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149578/review-of-tracheobronchial-foreign-body-aspiration-in-the-south-african-paediatric-age-group
#14
REVIEW
Tamer Ali Sultan, Arjan Bastiaan van As
Children, and in particular young children under the age of three, are the most vulnerable for aspiration and ingestion of foreign bodies (FBs). The Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital in Cape Town is the only children's hospital in South Africa and is unique in having a dedicated trauma unit for children under the age of 13 as part of its institution. Core activities of Childsafe South Africa (CSA), located at the hospital, are data accumulation and interpretation, development of educational programmes, health inculcation and advising in legislation involving child health...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144284/balancing-health-care-needs-in-a-changing-context-nursing-highlights-from-the-2016-european-oncology-nursing-society-congress-eons10-17-18-october-2016-dublin-ireland
#15
Danuta Lichosik, Rosario Caruso
European cancer nurses have to face many challenges as a result of the rapidly changing economic and political context in which balancing health care needs has become strategic for healthcare delivery. Currently, cancer nurses must overcome many obstacles arising from clinical, organisational, and educational issues. Within this scenario, the European Oncology Nursing Society (EONS) shaped its tenth congress programme to boost discussion and reflections, to share experiences and research, and to see how cancer nurses try to anticipate and embrace changes...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140718/innovations-in-oral-health-a-toolkit-for-interprofessional-education
#16
Maria C Dolce, Jessica L Parker, Debra T Werrlein
The integration of oral health competencies into non-dental health professions curricula can serve as an effective driver for interprofessional education (IPE). The purpose of this report is to describe a replicable oral-health-driven IPE model and corresponding online toolkit, both of which were developed as part of the Innovations in Oral Health (IOH): Technology, Instruction, Practice, and Service programme at Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, USA. Tooth decay is a largely preventable disease that is connected to overall health and wellness, and it affects the majority of adults and a fifth of children in the United States...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093428/exploring-health-literacy-competencies-towards-patient-education-programme-for-chinese-speaking-healthcare-professionals-a-delphi-study
#17
Li-Chun Chang, Yu-Chi Chen, Fei Ling Wu, Li-Ling Liao
OBJECTIVES: To achieve consensus on a set of competencies in health literacy practice based on a literature review and expert consultation. SETTING: Hospitals and community health centres in Taiwan. METHOD: A 2-stage modified Delphi study involving a literature review was conducted, followed by qualitative interviews and 3 rounds of email-based data collection over a 3-month period in 2011. PARTICIPANTS: 15 Chinese healthcare practitioners with more than 6 months' experience in patient education were interviewed to collect data on health literacy practice...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#18
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079408/an-ecological-approach-to-hearing-health-promotion-in-workplaces
#19
Ravi Reddy, David Welch, Shanthi Ameratunga, Peter Thorne
OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess use, acceptability and feasibility of an ecological hearing conservation programme for workplaces. DESIGN: A school-based public health hearing preservation education programme (Dangerous Decibels®) was adapted for workplaces using the Multi-level Approach to Community Health (MATCH) Model. The programme was delivered in small manufacturing companies and evaluated using a questionnaire before the training and at one week and two-months after training...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067194/mapping-actions-to-improve-access-to-medicines-for-mental-disorders-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
C Barbui, T Dua, K Kolappa, B Saraceno, S Saxena
AIMS: In recent years a number of intergovernmental initiatives have been activated in order to enhance the capacity of countries to improve access to essential medicines, particularly for mental disorders. In May 2013 the 66th World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020, which builds upon the work of WHO's Mental Health Gap Action Programme. Within this programme, evidence-based guidelines for mental disorders were developed, including recommendations on appropriate use of medicines...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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