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education programmes for community health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213603/women-s-experiences-with-cervical-cancer-screening-in-a-colposcopy-referral-clinic-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-qualitative-analysis
#1
Mariette Momberg, Matthys H Botha, Frederick H Van der Merwe, Jennifer Moodley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore and understand women's experience with cervical cancer screening and with the referral pathways for abnormal Papanicolau (Pap) smears. DESIGN AND SETTING: Focus group discussions were conducted with first time colposcopy clinic attendees at a tertiary hospital colposcopy clinic in Cape Town, South Africa during November 2014. A thematic analysis was conducted to identify key themes. Initial coding categories were drawn from the interview guide...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#2
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202089/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-community-and-health-care-seeking-populations-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
M Jordans, S Rathod, A Fekadu, G Medhin, F Kigozi, B Kohrt, N Luitel, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, J Ssebunnya, V Patel, C Lund
: Aims Suicidal behaviour is an under-reported and hidden cause of death in most low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to lack of national systematic reporting for cause-specific mortality, high levels of stigma and religious or cultural sanctions. The lack of information on non-fatal suicidal behaviour (ideation, plans and attempts) in LMIC is a major barrier to design and implementation of prevention strategies. This study aims to determine the prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour within community- and health facility-based populations in LMIC...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191723/perceptions-of-hpv-and-attitudes-towards-hpv-vaccination-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-analysis
#4
Tom Nadarzynski, Helen Smith, Daniel Richardson, Alex Pollard, Carrie Llewellyn
OBJECTIVES: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at risk of genital warts and anal cancer due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. This study explores MSMs' perceptions of HPV and HPV vaccination prior to the introduction of this programme. DESIGN: Focus groups and one-to-one interviews with self-identified MSM were conducted between November 2014 and March 2015 in Brighton, UK. METHODS: Participants were recruited from community-based lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender (LGBT) venues and organizations...
February 13, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181847/international-service-learning-and-interprofessional-education-in-ecuador-findings-from-a-phenomenology-study-with-students-from-four-professions
#5
Audrey M Johnson, Dana M Howell
Combined international service learning (ISL) and interprofessional education (IPE) experiences can move health professional student learning beyond the traditional confines of the classroom and outside uniprofessional ethos. The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to describe the shared experience of health professional students participating in an ISL trip to a small community in Ecuador. The study focused on the learning and collaboration that occurred among students from multiple health professions during the trip and the cross-cultural exchange between the students and the patients in Ecuador...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155322/an-assessment-of-implementation-of-communityoriented-primary-care-in-kenyan-family-medicine-postgraduate-medical-education-programmes
#6
Ian J Nelligan, Jacob Shabani, Stephanie Taché, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Megan Mahoney
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family medicine postgraduate programmes in Kenya are examining the benefits of Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) curriculum, as a method to train residents in population-based approaches to health care delivery. Whilst COPC is an established part of family medicine training in the United States, little is known about its application in Kenya. We sought to conduct a qualitative study to explore the development and implementation of COPC curriculum in the first two family medicine postgraduate programmes in Kenya...
December 2, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153933/reducing-falls-after-hospital-discharge-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-an-individualised-multimodal-falls-education-programme-for-older-adults
#7
Anne-Marie Hill, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Steven M McPhail, Meg E Morris, Leon Flicker, Ronald Shorr, Max Bulsara, Den-Ching Lee, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Nicholas Waldron, Amanda Boudville, Terry Haines
INTRODUCTION: Older adults frequently fall after discharge from hospital. Older people may have low self-perceived risk of falls and poor knowledge about falls prevention. The primary aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of providing tailored falls prevention education in addition to usual care on falls rates in older people after discharge from hospital compared to providing a social intervention in addition to usual care. METHODS AND ANALYSES: The 'Back to My Best' study is a multisite, single blind, parallel-group randomised controlled trial with blinded outcome assessment and intention-to-treat analysis, adhering to CONSORT guidelines...
February 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149578/review-of-tracheobronchial-foreign-body-aspiration-in-the-south-african-paediatric-age-group
#8
REVIEW
Tamer Ali Sultan, Arjan Bastiaan van As
Children, and in particular young children under the age of three, are the most vulnerable for aspiration and ingestion of foreign bodies (FBs). The Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital in Cape Town is the only children's hospital in South Africa and is unique in having a dedicated trauma unit for children under the age of 13 as part of its institution. Core activities of Childsafe South Africa (CSA), located at the hospital, are data accumulation and interpretation, development of educational programmes, health inculcation and advising in legislation involving child health...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144284/balancing-health-care-needs-in-a-changing-context-nursing-highlights-from-the-2016-european-oncology-nursing-society-congress-eons10-17-18-october-2016-dublin-ireland
#9
Danuta Lichosik, Rosario Caruso
European cancer nurses have to face many challenges as a result of the rapidly changing economic and political context in which balancing health care needs has become strategic for healthcare delivery. Currently, cancer nurses must overcome many obstacles arising from clinical, organisational, and educational issues. Within this scenario, the European Oncology Nursing Society (EONS) shaped its tenth congress programme to boost discussion and reflections, to share experiences and research, and to see how cancer nurses try to anticipate and embrace changes...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140718/innovations-in-oral-health-a-toolkit-for-interprofessional-education
#10
Maria C Dolce, Jessica L Parker, Debra T Werrlein
The integration of oral health competencies into non-dental health professions curricula can serve as an effective driver for interprofessional education (IPE). The purpose of this report is to describe a replicable oral-health-driven IPE model and corresponding online toolkit, both of which were developed as part of the Innovations in Oral Health (IOH): Technology, Instruction, Practice, and Service programme at Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, USA. Tooth decay is a largely preventable disease that is connected to overall health and wellness, and it affects the majority of adults and a fifth of children in the United States...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093428/exploring-health-literacy-competencies-towards-patient-education-programme-for-chinese-speaking-healthcare-professionals-a-delphi-study
#11
Li-Chun Chang, Yu-Chi Chen, Fei Ling Wu, Li-Ling Liao
OBJECTIVES: To achieve consensus on a set of competencies in health literacy practice based on a literature review and expert consultation. SETTING: Hospitals and community health centres in Taiwan. METHOD: A 2-stage modified Delphi study involving a literature review was conducted, followed by qualitative interviews and 3 rounds of email-based data collection over a 3-month period in 2011. PARTICIPANTS: 15 Chinese healthcare practitioners with more than 6 months' experience in patient education were interviewed to collect data on health literacy practice...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#12
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079408/an-ecological-approach-to-hearing-health-promotion-in-workplaces
#13
Ravi Reddy, David Welch, Shanthi Ameratunga, Peter Thorne
OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess use, acceptability and feasibility of an ecological hearing conservation programme for workplaces. DESIGN: A school-based public health hearing preservation education programme (Dangerous Decibels®) was adapted for workplaces using the Multi-level Approach to Community Health (MATCH) Model. The programme was delivered in small manufacturing companies and evaluated using a questionnaire before the training and at one week and two-months after training...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067194/mapping-actions-to-improve-access-to-medicines-for-mental-disorders-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
C Barbui, T Dua, K Kolappa, B Saraceno, S Saxena
AIMS: In recent years a number of intergovernmental initiatives have been activated in order to enhance the capacity of countries to improve access to essential medicines, particularly for mental disorders. In May 2013 the 66th World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020, which builds upon the work of WHO's Mental Health Gap Action Programme. Within this programme, evidence-based guidelines for mental disorders were developed, including recommendations on appropriate use of medicines...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063879/the-effect-of-vishram-a-grass-roots-community-based-mental-health-programme-on-the-treatment-gap-for-depression-in-rural-communities-in-india-a-population-based-study
#15
Rahul Shidhaye, Vaibhav Murhar, Siddharth Gangale, Luke Aldridge, Rahul Shastri, Rachana Parikh, Ritu Shrivastava, Suvarna Damle, Tasneem Raja, Abhijit Nadkarni, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: VISHRAM was a community-based mental health programme with the goal of addressing the mental health risk factors for suicide in people from 30 villages in the Amravati district in Vidarbha, central India. We aimed to assess whether implementation of VISHRAM was associated with an increase in the proportion of people with depression who sought treatment (contact coverage). METHODS: A core strategy of VISHRAM was to increase the demand for care by enhancing mental health literacy and to improve the supply of evidence-based interventions for depression and alcohol-use disorders...
January 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024681/-girls-need-to-behave-like-girls-you-know-the-complexities-of-applying-a-gender-justice-goal-within-sexuality-education-in-south-african-schools
#16
Sisa Ngabaza, Tamara Shefer, Catriona Ida Macleod
Sexuality education, as a component within the Life Orientation (LO) programme in South African schools, is intended to provide young people with knowledge and skills to make informed choices about their sexuality, their own health and that of others. Key to the programme are outcomes relating to power, power relations and gender. In this paper, we apply a critical gender lens to explore the ways in which the teaching of sexuality education engages with larger goals of gender justice. The paper draws from a number of ethnographic studies conducted at 12 South African schools...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004389/withdrawn-community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#17
REVIEW
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000645/assessment-of-satisfaction-levels-of-patients-during-dental-outreach-programs-in-rural-part-of-udaipur-india
#18
Nagesh Bhat, Arshdeep Singh, Kailash Asawa, Mridula Tak, Harkiran Kahlon, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Arpit A Viradiya
BACKGROUND: The community-based dental outreach programs play a very crucial role in declining discovery-delivery disconnect by introducing awareness through health education and dental adumbrating services to the community members. However, the success of any oral health programme depends largely on how it meets the needs and expectations of the target community. Therefore, the present study was designed for the assessment of patient satisfaction at various rural outreach dental camps conducted over a period of 2 months...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995820/household-food-insecurity-in-black-slaves-descendant-communities-in-brazil-has-the-legacy-of-slavery-truly-ended
#19
Muriel B Gubert, Anna Maria Segall-Corrêa, Ana Maria Spaniol, Jessica Pedroso, Stefanie Eugênia Dos Anjos Campos Coelho, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with food insecurity among Quilombolas communities in Brazil. DESIGN: An analysis of secondary data assessed in the 2011 Quilombolas Census was performed. The Brazilian Food Insecurity Measurement Scale (Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alimentar, EBIA) was used to assess household food security status. Sociodemographic conditions and access to social programmes and benefits were also evaluated. SETTING: National survey census from recognized Quilombolas Brazilian territories...
December 20, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978782/a-primary-care-lifestyle-programme-suitable-for-socioeconomically-vulnerable-groups-an-observational-study
#20
Maria Waller, Ann Blomstrand, Tine Högberg, Nashmil Ariai, Jörgen Thorn, Dominique Hange, Cecilia Björkelund
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether a primary health care (PHC) health promotion programme reaches and engages socioeconomically vulnerable groups in a community to the same extent as higher socioeconomic groups. DESIGN: Comparison of level of engagement and lifestyle improvements stratified by socioeconomic vulnerability level. SETTING: Hisingen PHC catchment area (130,000 inhabitants) Gothenburg, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women aged 18-79, visiting any of the eight public PHC centres during an eight-month period 2007-2008, were presented with a short intervention health questionnaire and offered a health dialogue with a nurse, including a health profile, p-glucose and blood pressure check...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
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