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education programmes for community health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913110/facilitators-and-barriers-for-use-of-rotavirus-vaccine-amongst-various-stakeholders-and-its-implications-for-indian-context-a-systematic-review
#1
Aditi Apte, Sudipto Roy, Ashish Bavdekar, Sanjay Juvekar, Siddhivinayak Hirve
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review to evaluate factors affecting uptake of rotavirus vaccine amongst physicians, parents and health system. METHODS: We identified 15 studies that met the inclusion criteria from 790 screened studies published between Jan 2005 to Jan 2016. RESULTS: Perceived severity of rotavirus disease, efficacy of vaccine and recommendation by health authorities positively influenced uptake of vaccine amongst health care providers...
June 18, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903796/should-women-aged-70-74-be-invited-to-participate-in-screening-mammography-a-report-on-two-australian-community-juries
#2
Chris Degeling, Alexandra Barratt, Sanchia Aranda, Robin Bell, Jenny Doust, Nehmat Houssami, Jolyn Hersch, Ruben Sakowsky, Vikki Entwistle, Stacy M Carter
OBJECTIVE: To elicit informed views from Australian women aged 70-74 regarding the acceptability of ceasing to invite women their age to participate in government-funded mammography screening (BreastScreen). DESIGN: Two community juries held in 2017. SETTING: Greater Sydney, a metropolis of 4.5 million people in New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 34 women aged 70-74 with no personal history of breast cancer, recruited by random digit dialling and previously randomly recruited list-based samples...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903789/prevalence-and-clustering-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-nanjing-adults-in-china
#3
Xin Hong, Qing Ye, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Huafeng Yang, Shengxiang Qi, Xupeng Chen, Chenchen Wang, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs), and investigate the association between relevant characteristics and CRF clustering among adults in eastern China. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected by interview survey, physical measurements and laboratory examinations from the 2011 Nanjing Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 41 072 residents aged ≥18 years volunteered to participate in the survey, with a response rate of 91...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903202/-health-knowledge-awareness-in-guangzhou-adult-residents-based-on-latent-profile-model
#4
Xiaona Chen, Li Zhao, Yanhui Gao, Ying Zhang, Jiahong Yu, Lixia Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of latent profile model in classification of health knowledge awareness in Guangzhou residents, and identify the characteristics of the heterogeneous population from multi dimensions. METHODS: By stratified cluster sampling, health knowledge and health behavior among 1179 residents in Guangzhou City were investigated. Latent profile model was used to population classification based on health knowledge scores, and compared with traditional clustering method, the demographic and health behaviors with different levels of health knowledge were analyzed...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902684/an-integrated-model-to-understand-sexuality-in-older-adults-in-urban-china-the-mediating-role-of-sexual-interest
#5
Shuyan Yang, Elsie Yan, Xue Bai
BACKGROUND: The subject of sexuality in older adults has remained grossly understudied in China, despite the country having the largest older population in the world. OBJECTIVE: Guided by the Sexual Script Theory and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), this study used path analysis to test an integrated path model for sexual activity with sexual interest as a mediator. METHODS: Survey data was collected from a representative sample of 688 community-dwelling older Chinese adults aged 60 or above residing in Tianjin, China...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888377/the-future-of-diving-research-in-norway
#6
EDITORIAL
Andreas Møllerløkken
Norway has a long tradition of quality research within the field of baromedicine. With the discovery of oil in the North Sea, it became important to establish scientific research facilities to overcome immediate challenges, but also to work towards long-term goals. For the diving community, an understanding of the pathophysiology of decompression sickness (DCS) has been one of the major forces to maintain focus on the importance of scientific research in this field. In addition to oil, the aquaculture and fish farming industries are increasing in size and are Norway's second biggest export industry today...
June 30, 2018: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884160/community-based-training-of-medical-students-is-associated-with-malaria-prevention-and-treatment-seeking-behaviour-for-children-under-5-years-in-uganda-a-study-of-mesau-mepi-cobers-in-uganda
#7
James Henry Obol, Peter Akera, Pamela Atim Ochola, Wilfred Arubaku, Hussein Oria, Kenneth Luryama Moi, Denis Anywar Arony, Kaducu Felix
BACKGROUND: Four university medical training institutions in Uganda have trained students at off-site health facilities under community-based education and Research Service (COBERS) programme for over 5 years. One of the major components of COBERS placement is for the students to provide health education in the communities about malaria as a major public health disease in Uganda. This study seeks to assess if targeted community-based medical education programme is associated with better prevention and treatment seeking behaviours in the management of malaria, a leading cause of morbidity and mortality of children under five in Uganda...
June 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859778/community-health-training-for-family-and-community-health-nursing-residents-in-a-multiprofessional-teaching-unit-three-years-of-experience
#8
Maravillas Torrecilla-Abril, Ana Patricia Crespo-Mateos, Esther Cartagena-Martínez, Milagros Oyarzabal-Arocena, Clara Isabel Pérez-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the interest of nursing residents in the training areas of Family and Community Nursing (EFyC) at the beginning of their training, to evaluate community activities in health centres and to determine satisfaction with the training received and activities carried out. METHOD: We present the experience of training in the public and community health competencies of EFyC Nursing from 2014 to 2017 in a multiprofessional teaching unit. The training was divided into 3theoretical modules...
May 30, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858412/participant-experiences-of-two-successful-habit-based-weight-loss-interventions-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#9
Gina Cleo, Jolyn Hersch, Rae Thomas
OBJECTIVES: Habit-based weight-loss interventions have shown clinically important weight loss and weight-loss maintenance. Understanding why habit-based interventions work is therefore of great value, but there is little qualitative evidence about the experiences of participants in such programmes. We explored the perspectives of individuals who completed two habit-based weight-management programmes, Ten Top Tips and Do Something Different. DESIGN: One-on-one, face-to-face, semistructured interviews were conducted and analysed thematically...
May 31, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802876/the-effect-of-community-based-interventions-for-cardiovascular-disease-secondary-prevention-on-behavioural-risk-factors
#10
REVIEW
Emma R Lawlor, Declan T Bradley, Margaret E Cupples, Mark A Tully
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide, and its prevalence is increasing; with limited healthcare resources, secondary prevention programmes outside traditional hospital settings are needed, but their effectiveness is unclear. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of secondary prevention cardiovascular risk reduction programmes delivered in venues situated within the community on modification of behavioural risk factors. We searched five databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane library) to identify trials of health behaviour interventions for adults with CVD in community-based venues...
May 24, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796296/prevalence-and-factors-influencing-modern-contraceptive-use-among-hiv-positive-women-in-kilimanjaro-region-northern-tanzania
#11
Damian J Damian, Johnston M George, Erick Martin, Beatrice Temba, Sia E Msuya
Background: Mother-to-Child-Transmission (MTCT) of HIV is still a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. The region has a high unmet need for family planning and high unplanned pregnancy rates among HIV-positive women. Most efforts to prevent MTCT of HIV have focused on the third prong, a strategy which offers antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to HIV-infected pregnant women and their exposed infants. However, the effective use of contraceptives to prevent unplanned pregnancies among women living with HIV is more effective in reducing HIV MTCT...
2018: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790658/faculty-development-for-junior-health-professionals
#12
Annette Burgess, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The need for faculty development programmes designed to help junior health professionals fulfill their multiple roles, across various institutions, is widely acknowledged. Such programmes are usually logistically difficult for hospital clinicians to access, however, and are discipline based. In 2017, we collaborated with four health care faculties to develop a blended learning, interprofessional faculty development programme that was up to date, relevant, and accessible to clinicians working in the hospital and university settings...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781677/community-health-workers-in-lesotho-experiences-of-health-promotion-activities
#13
Thato Seutloali, Lizeka Napoles, Nomonde Bam
BACKGROUND: Lesotho adopted primary health care in 1979, and community health workers (CHWs) were included in the programme to focus on health promotion, particularly to reach people in underserved rural areas. Although the CHW programme has been successful, the heavy burden of disease because of HIV and/or AIDS and tuberculosis shifted resources from health promotion to home-based care. AIM: The study explored the lived experience of CHWs in conducting health promotion activities in Lesotho...
February 27, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774369/-effectiveness-of-active-health-promotion-in-old-age-results-regarding-compression-of-morbidity-by-target-groups-in-13-8-years-of-observation-in-lucas
#14
REVIEW
Ulrike Dapp, Christoph Minder, Lilli Neumann, Stefan Golgert, Björn Klugmann, Wolfgang von Renteln-Kruse
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Healthy ageing as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) is the development and maintenance of functional competence. Unfavourable ageing is described by the term frailty and is characterised by a decline in functional reserves. The frailty process can be influenced in a positive way. Previous interventions concerned mostly hospital patients and residents of nursing homes. In this study we examined the maintenance of functional competence in an urban community setting...
May 17, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769753/developing-a-typology-of-mentoring-programmes-for-young-people-attending-secondary-school-in-the-united-kingdom-using-qualitative-methods
#15
Heide Busse, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping
Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. The typology was consulted on with five experts in mentoring...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744539/community-based-pre-pregnancy-care-programme-improves-pregnancy-preparation-in-women-with-pregestational-diabetes
#16
Jennifer M Yamamoto, Deborah J F Hughes, Mark L Evans, Vithian Karunakaran, John D A Clark, Nicholas J Morrish, Gerry A Rayman, Peter H Winocour, Clare Hambling, Amanda W Harries, Michael J Sampson, Helen R Murphy
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Women with diabetes remain at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with poor pregnancy preparation. However, women with type 2 diabetes are less aware of and less likely to access pre-pregnancy care (PPC) compared with women with type 1 diabetes. We developed and evaluated a community-based PPC programme with the aim of improving pregnancy preparation in all women with pregestational diabetes. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study comparing pregnancy preparation measures before and during/after the PPC intervention in women with pre-existing diabetes from 1 June 2013 to 28 February 2017...
May 9, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739360/investigating-knowledge-regarding-antibiotics-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-pharmacy-students-in-sri-lankan-universities
#17
M H F Sakeena, Alexandra A Bennett, Shazia Jamshed, Fahim Mohamed, Dilanthi R Herath, Indika Gawarammana, Andrew J McLachlan
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major challenge for global health care. Pharmacists play a key role in the health care setting to help support the quality use of medicines. The education, training, and experiences of pharmacy students have the potential to impact on patterns of antibiotic use in community and hospital settings. The aim of this study was to investigate antibiotic use, knowledge of antibiotics and AMR among undergraduate pharmacy students at Sri Lankan universities and to compare this between junior and senior pharmacy student groups...
May 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728090/what-can-we-learn-from-problem-based-learning-tutors-at-a-graduate-entry-medical-school-a-mixed-method-approach
#18
Diane O Doherty, Helena Mc Keague, Sarah Harney, Gerard Browne, Deirdre McGrath
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been adopted by many medical schools as an innovative method to deliver an integrated medical curriculum since its inception at McMaster University (Dornan et al., Med Educ 39(2):163-170, 2005; Finucane et al., Med Educ 35(1):56-61, 2001; Barrows, Tutorials in problem-based learning: A new direction in teaching the health professions, 1984). The student experience in PBL has been explored in detail (Merriam, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 89: 3-13, 2001; Azer, Kaohsiung J Med Sci 25(5): 240-249, 2009; Boelens et al...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707389/making-ward-based-outreach-teams-an-effective-component-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-programmes-in-south-africa
#19
Nireshni Naidoo, Jean Railton, Geoffrey Jobson, Nthabiseng Matlakala, Gert Marincowitz, James A McIntyre, Helen E Struthers, Remco P H Peters
The implementation of ward-based outreach teams (WBOTs), comprised of community health workers (CHWs), is one of the three interventions of the South African National Department of Health's (NDoH) Primary Health Care (PHC) Re-engineering strategy for improving health outcomes. CHWs provide a necessary structure to contribute to successful implementation of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) programme in four ways: (1) prevention of HIV infection by health education, (2) linkage to care by health education and referrals, (3) adherence support and (4) identification of individuals who are failing treatment...
2018: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699464/-unless-you-come-with-your-partner-you-will-be-sent-back-home-strategies-used-to-promote-male-involvement-in-antenatal-care-in-southern-tanzania
#20
Apollonia Kasege Peneza, Stephen Oswald Maluka
BACKGROUND: Male involvement in pregnancy and childbirth has been shown to improve maternal and child health. Many countries have used different strategies to promote participation of men in antenatal care services. While many strategies have been employed to promote male participation in antenatal care, few have been evaluated to provide much-needed lessons to support wider adoption. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at describing strategies that were used by health providers and the community to promote male participation in antenatal care services and challenges associated with the implementation of these interventions in Southern Tanzania...
2018: Global Health Action
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