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education programmes for community health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449292/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-delivered-multicomponent-intervention-compared-with-enhanced-standard-care-of-obese-adolescents-cost-utility-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-help-trial
#1
Monica Panca, Deborah Christie, Tim J Cole, Silvia Costa, John Gregson, Rebecca Holt, Lee D Hudson, Anthony S Kessel, Sanjay Kinra, Anne Mathiot, Irwin Nazareth, Jay Wataranan, Ian Chi Kei Wong, Russell M Viner, Stephen Morris
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a cost-utility analysis of a motivational multicomponent lifestyle-modification intervention in a community setting (the Healthy Eating Lifestyle Programme (HELP)) compared with enhanced standard care. DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Community settings in Greater London, England. PARTICIPANTS: 174 young people with obesity aged 12-19 years. INTERVENTIONS: Intervention participants received 12 one-to-one sessions across 6 months, addressing lifestyle behaviours and focusing on motivation to change and self-esteem rather than weight change, delivered by trained graduate health workers in community settings...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440307/community-group-membership-and-multidimensional-subjective-well-being-in-older-age
#2
Daisy Fancourt, Andrew Steptoe
BACKGROUND: It has been highlighted as a public health priority to identify ways of supporting well-being in older age to allow people to lead healthy and integrated lifestyles. This study explored whether membership in eight different sorts of community groups was associated with enhanced experienced, evaluative and eudemonic well-being among older adults. METHODS: We analysed data from 2548 adults aged 55+ drawn from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging. We used multivariate logistic and linear regression models to compare change in well-being between baseline and follow-up 10 years later in relation to membership of different community groups while controlling for potential confounding variables...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433498/what-does-an-enabling-environment-for-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-look-like-at-implementation-level-perspectives-from-a-multi-stakeholder-process-in-the-breede-valley-sub-district-western-cape-south-africa
#3
L M Du Plessis, M H McLachlan, S E Drimie
BACKGROUND: Breede Valley is a sub-district of the Cape Winelands district, Western Cape Province, South Africa. The administrative capital of the district is situated in the semi-rural town Worcester. Findings of a baseline survey in Worcester revealed poor infant feeding practices and childhood under- and overnutrition, with particular concern over high levels of stunting and low dietary diversity. Maternal overweight and obesity was high. These characteristics made the site suitable to study multi-sectoral arrangements for infant and young child nutrition (IYCN)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426310/barriers-to-voluntary-participation-in-sport-for-children-a-systematic-review
#4
Sarah Somerset, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have detailed the physical health benefits of children's participation in sport and a growing body of research also highlights the benefits for mental health. Children who participate in sport have also been shown to be advantaged academically. However, despite the benefits there is evidence that children are leading increasingly sedentary lifestyles and are at greater risk of chronic disease than those with active lifestyles. Sport provides an important means for children to achieve their recommended amount of daily physical activity...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424113/effect-of-a-matter-of-balance-programme-on-avoidance-behaviour-due-to-fear-of-falling-in-older-adults
#5
Cecelia Sartor-Glittenberg, Elton Bordenave, Curt Bay, Lori Bordenave, Jeffrey L Alexander
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling (FOF) is associated with restricted activities, increased risk of falling, and decreased quality of life. A Matter of Balance (AMOB) is an evidence-based programme designed to decrease FOF. The current study investigated the influence of the AMOB on activity avoidance caused by FOF in older adults using the Fear of Falling Avoidance Behavior Questionnaire (FFABQ), health-related quality of life, and a question regarding concerns about falling. METHODS: Participants of this quasi-experimental, one-group, pretest-post-test study design were older adults from community sites in the Phoenix, Arizona, metropolitan area...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402103/proposal-of-a-new-public-health-end-of-life-approach-for-brazil-how-the-project-estaraoseulado-primary-palliative-care-is-working-and-how-it-can-help
#6
Santiago Corrêa
Brazil has 206 million people, and 1.2 million deaths and 600,000 new cases of cancer per year. Palliative Care services are patchily distributed. The Family Health Strategy, made up from 41,000 primary care teams across Brazil forms a comprehensive primary care network. The Project EstaraoSeuLado-Primary Palliative Care developed working from Community Centers. We created a model based on compassionate communities, with community carers working alongside primary care teams. We identified people who need palliative care, gave them specific care and enrolled their carers into a program of monthly meetings called "Comunidade Cuidador"...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383710/family-and-carer-smoking-control-programmes-for-reducing-children-s-exposure-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke
#7
REVIEW
Behrooz Behbod, Mohit Sharma, Ruchi Baxi, Robert Roseby, Premila Webster
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to other people's tobacco smoke (environmental tobacco smoke, or ETS) is associated with a range of adverse health outcomes for children. Parental smoking is a common source of children's exposure to ETS. Older children in child care or educational settings are also at risk of exposure to ETS. Preventing exposure to ETS during infancy and childhood has significant potential to improve children's health worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce exposure of children to environmental tobacco smoke, or ETS...
January 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378545/under-vaccinated-groups-in-europe-and-their-beliefs-attitudes-and-reasons-for-non-vaccination-two-systematic-reviews
#8
N Fournet, L Mollema, W L Ruijs, I A Harmsen, F Keck, J Y Durand, M P Cunha, M Wamsiedel, R Reis, J French, E G Smit, A Kitching, J E van Steenbergen
BACKGROUND: Despite effective national immunisation programmes in Europe, some groups remain incompletely or un-vaccinated ('under-vaccinated'), with underserved minorities and certain religious/ideological groups repeatedly being involved in outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases (VPD). Gaining insight into factors regarding acceptance of vaccination of 'under-vaccinated groups' (UVGs) might give opportunities to communicate with them in a trusty and reliable manner that respects their belief system and that, maybe, increase vaccination uptake...
January 30, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376563/physical-activity-diet-and-other-behavioural-interventions-for-improving-cognition-and-school-achievement-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-or-overweight
#9
REVIEW
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Yvonne Laird, John Sproule, John J Reilly, David H Saunders
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is high. Lifestyle changes towards a healthy diet, increased physical activity and reduced sedentary activities are recommended to prevent and treat obesity. Evidence suggests that changing these health behaviours can benefit cognitive function and school achievement in children and adolescents in general. There are various theoretical mechanisms that suggest that children and adolescents with excessive body fat may benefit particularly from these interventions...
January 29, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371273/management-and-point-of-care-for-tobacco-dependence-prompt-a-feasibility-mixed-methods-community-based-participatory-action-research-project-in-ottawa-canada
#10
Smita Pakhale, Tina Kaur, Catherine Charron, Kelly Florence, Tiffany Rose, Sadia Jama, Robert Boyd, Joanne Haddad, Gonzalo Alvarez, Mark Tyndall
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a Community-Based Participatory Tobacco Dependence Strategy (PROMPT) in the inner city population of Ottawa (Canada). DESIGN: A feasibility mixed methods prospective cohort study following principles of community-based participatory action research. INTERVENTION: Recruited 80 people whouse drugs, followed them for 6 months while providing access to counselling, nicotine replacement therapy and peer-support in a community setting...
January 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368579/male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-awareness-risk-compensation-and-risk-perceptions-among-south-african-women
#11
Seth Kalichman, Catherine Mathews, Moira Kalichman, Lisa A Eaton, Koena Nkoko
Medical male circumcision (MMC) is a proven method of HIV risk reduction for men in southern Africa. MMC promotion campaigns and scale-up programmes are widely implemented throughout the Republic of South Africa. However, the impact of promoting MMC on women's awareness, beliefs, and behaviours has been understudied. We conducted a self-administered anonymous survey of 279 women receiving health services in an impoverished township located in Cape Town, South Africa. Results showed that two in three women were unaware that male circumcision partially protects men from contracting HIV...
January 25, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352014/effectiveness-of-comprehensive-social-support-interventions-among-elderly-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-communities-in-china-a-community-based-trial
#12
Xuhui Li, Bin Wang, Dixin Tan, Mengyu Li, Dandan Zhang, Cong Tang, Xiaonan Cai, Yaqiong Yan, Sheng Zhang, Bo Jin, Songlin Yu, Xunchang Liang, Qian Chu, Yihua Xu
BACKGROUND: With the increasing of ageing population, tuberculosis in the elderly brings a challenge for the tuberculosis (TB) control in China. Enough social support can promote the treatment adherence and outcome of the elderly patients with TB. Exploring effective interventions to improve the social support of patients is of great significance for TB management and control. METHODS: A community-based, repeated measurement trial was conducted. Patients with TB >65 years of age were allocated into the intervention or control group...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347919/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-schistosomiasis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#13
Hlengiwe Sacolo, Moses Chimbari, Chester Kalinda
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a global health problem with an estimated 250 million people in 78 countries infected, of whom 85% live in Sub-Saharan Africa. Preventive chemotherapy remains the key public health strategy to combat schistosomiasis worldwide. Recently the WHO emphasized on the use of integrative approaches in the control and elimination of schistosomiasis. However, a detailed understanding of sociocultural factors that may influence the uptake of the intended health activities and services is vital...
January 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330310/social-determinants-of-community-level-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-coverage-in-a-school-based-vaccination-programme
#14
Stephen Jean, Malak Elshafei, Alison Buttenheim
OBJECTIVE: To assess social patterns in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage in a school-based, government-funded vaccination programme located within a single-payer universal healthcare system. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of HPV vaccine uptake data for the 2013-2014 school year for 131 local authorities in England, and then evaluated the association between vaccine uptake and socioeconomic status at the aggregate level. DATA SOURCES: HPV vaccination coverage data from Public Health England's vaccine uptake guidance and the UK's March 2011 Census...
January 12, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317007/growing-health-partnerships-in-rural-and-remote-communities-what-drives-the-joint-efforts-of-primary-schools-and-universities-in-maintaining-service-learning-partnerships
#15
Sue Kirby, Fabian P Held, Debra Jones, David Lyle
Aim This study explored the partnership between universities and local primary schools to deliver a classroom-based paediatric communication impairment service provided by undergraduate speech pathology students. It aimed to understand how partnerships work to facilitate programme replication. BACKGROUND: The partners included universities sending students on rural clinical placement, local host academic units and primary schools who worked together to provide paediatric speech and language services in primary schools in three sites in Australia...
January 10, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306891/community-pharmacists-services-for-women-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296100/modifying-the-health-system-to-maximize-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-uptake-a-qualitative-study-in-botswana
#17
Bazghina-Werq Semo, Kathleen E Wirth, Conrad Ntsuape, Scott Barnhart, Nora J Kleinman, Nankie Ramabu, Jessica Broz, Jenny H Ledikwe
Background: In 2007, the World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS endorsed voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as an add-on HIV-prevention strategy. Similar to many other sub-Saharan countries, VMMC uptake in Botswana has been low; as of February 2016, only 42.7% of the program target had been achieved. Previous work has examined how individual-level factors, such as knowledge and attitudes, influence the update of VMMC. This paper examines how factors related to the health system can be leveraged to maximize uptake of circumcision services, with a focus on demand creation, access to services, and service delivery...
2018: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291075/model-based-risk-assessment-and-public-health-analysis-to-prevent-lyme-disease
#18
Nasser Sharareh, Nasim S Sabounchi, Amanda Roome, Rita Spathis, Ralph M Garruto
The number of Lyme disease (LD) cases in the northeastern United States has been dramatically increasing with over 300 000 new cases each year. This is due to numerous factors interacting over time including low public awareness of LD, risk behaviours and clothing choices, ecological and climatic factors, an increase in rodents within ecologically fragmented peri-urban built environments and an increase in tick density and infectivity in such environments. We have used a system dynamics (SD) approach to develop a simulation tool to evaluate the significance of risk factors in replicating historical trends of LD cases, and to investigate the influence of different interventions, such as increasing awareness, controlling clothing risk and reducing mouse populations, in reducing LD risk...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282844/randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-a-novel-community-eye-care-programme-for-elderly-with-visual-impairment
#19
Anna Cs Tan, Ryan Man, Chee Wai Wong, Shu Yen Lee, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Marcus Ang
IMPORTANCE: The novel intervention was effective at improving compliance to appropriate tertiary eye-care after community eye screening. BACKGROUND: Elderly individuals from low socioeconomic background with visual impairment (VI) often do not attend tertiary care, even if significant eye diseases are detected while in the community. We evaluate a novel incentive-care scheme (ICS) to improve compliance to appropriate follow-up after community eye screening. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial in a population-based setting...
December 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259056/socioeconomic-differences-in-self-medication-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-data-from-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#20
Jie Chang, Qing Wang, Yu Fang
OBJECTIVES: Self-medication with over-the-counter medicines (OTCs) and prescription-only medicines (POMs) are both pervasive in China, although the latter is an inappropriate practice. We examined the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and self-medication with OTCs versus POMs. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regressions based on the Andersen framework were estimated using a subsample of respondents aged 45 years and over from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study collected between 2011 and 2013 (n=23 699)...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
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