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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224979/perceptions-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-conakry-republic-of-guinea
#1
Bernard L Kouassi, Aboulaye Barry, Kathrin Heitz-Tokpa, Stefanie J Krauth, Andre Goépogui, Mamadou S Baldé, Oumar Barry, Marie L Niamey, Moses J Bockarie, Benjamin G Koudou, Jürg Utzinger
Little is known about the perceptions, attitudes and practices of lymphatic filariasis in Conakry, Republic of Guinea. Yet, such knowledge is important for an optimal design and implementation of setting-specific prevention and control measures. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a mixed methods approach. Qualitative data related to people's general experience with lymphatic filariasis, their perception of the causes of the disease, the onset of elephantiasis, care-seeking behaviour and the socioeconomic impact of lymphatic filariasis were collected by in-depth interviews with 85 respondents...
December 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#2
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212553/household-knowledge-and-practices-concerning-malaria-and-indoor-residual-spraying-in-an-endemic-area-earmarked-for-malaria-elimination-in-iran
#3
Abdoulhossain Madani, Moussa Soleimani-Ahmadi, Sayed Hossein Davoodi, Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Seyed Aghil Jaberhashemi, Mehdi Zare, Teamur Aghamolaei
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying of insecticide (IRS) is a key intervention for reducing the burden of malaria infection. Effectiveness and success of this strategy are to a considerable extent dependent on knowledge and practice of the target community regarding the IRS. Iran has entered the malaria elimination phase, and IRS has been considered as the main strategy for malaria vector control. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the household knowledge and practices about malaria and IRS in Bashagard County, one of the malaria-endemic areas in the southeast of Iran...
December 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204852/european-antibiotic-awareness-day-2017-training-the-next-generation-of-health-care-professionals-in-antibiotic-stewardship
#4
Lenneke Schrier, Adamos Hadjipanayis, Stefano Del Torso, Tom Stiris, Marieke Emonts, Hans Juergen Dornbusch
Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) aims to optimise treatment, minimise the risk of adverse effects and reduce health care costs. In addition, it is recognised as a key component to stop the current spread of antimicrobial resistance in Europe. Educational programmes are particularly important for the successful implementation of AMS. Training should start during medical school, continue during clinical training and be reinforced throughout postgraduate training. National core curricula for paediatric training should include passive and active training of competencies needed for AMS and future paediatricians should be skilled in taking leadership roles in AMS initiatives...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200253/the-role-of-implementation-and-communication-of-mantra-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-program-in-improving-public-health-in-odisha-state-india
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Provision of safe drinking water is the main strategy to reduce the number of water-borne diseases. The Government of India has declared its commitment towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals and universal sanitation coverage in the country by the year 2022. Indian NGO Gram Vikas offers a solution to this task through its flagship WASH program MANTRA. It focuses on water and sanitation as an entry point for integrated village development. METHODS: The case study from Haradango village (Odisha state, India) investigates the effectiveness of MANTRA program by identifying key principles of this Gram Vikas' flagship programme and by analysing an impact of its implemenation and communication on public health of Haradango villagers...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188929/reducing-avoidable-emergency-department-attendances-through-bespoke-education
#6
Elizabeth Graham, Sadie Campbell
AIM: To develop an education and partnership programme between the trust and nursing home staff in Northern Ireland. METHODS: Twenty care home nurse champions participated in a bespoke Responsive Education and Collaborative Health programme provided by the trust. The trust's practice development facilitator supported care home staff to develop clinical competencies while observing residents' emergency department (ED) attendance trends. RESULTS: After introduction of the programme, avoidable ED attendances were reduced by 31% ( n =309) compared with the previous year, cost per capita was reduced by £314,340, reliance on community nursing was reduced, and the health and experience of the care home population were improved...
November 30, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179872/improving-skills-and-institutional-capacity-to-strengthen-adolescent-immunisation-programmes-and-health-systems-in-african-countries-through-hpv-vaccine-introduction
#7
Carine Dochez, Rosemary J Burnett, Symplice Mbola Mbassi, Fred Were, Andrew Musyoki, Daisy Trovoada, M Jeffrey Mphahlele
Several African countries have recently introduced or are currently introducing the HPV vaccine, either nationwide or through demonstration projects, while some countries are planning for introduction. A collaborative project was developed to strengthen country adolescent immunisation programmes and health systems in the African Region, addressing unique public health considerations of HPV vaccination: adolescents as the primary target group, delivery platforms (e.g. school-based and facility based), socio-behavioural issues, and the opportunity to deliver other health interventions alongside HPV vaccination...
December 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176836/competence-in-metered-dose-inhaler-technique-among-community-pharmacy-professionals-in-gondar-town-northwest-ethiopia-knowledge-and-skill-gap-analysis
#8
Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Fasil Tilahun, Tirsit Ketsela, Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Adeladlew Kassie Netere, Amanual Getnet Mersha, Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Henok Getachew Tegegn, Daniel Asfaw Erku
BACKGROUND: When compared to systemic administration, if used correctly inhalers deliver a smaller enough percent of the drug right to the site of action in the lungs, with a faster onset of effect and with reduced systemic availability that minimizes adverse effects. However, the health professionals' and patients' use of metered dose inhaler is poor. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to explore community pharmacy professionals' (pharmacists' and druggists') competency on metered dose inhaler (MDI) technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167700/situational-analysis-to-inform-development-of-primary-care-and-community-based-mental-health-services-for-severe-mental-disorders-in-nepal
#9
Mangesh Angdembe, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark Jordans, Damodar Rimal, Nagendra P Luitel
Background: Nepal is representative of Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC) with limited availability of mental health services in rural areas, in which the majority of the population resides. Methods: This formative qualitative study explores resources, challenges, and potential barriers to the development and implementation of evidence-based Comprehensive Community-based Mental Health Services (CCMHS) in accordance with the mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) for persons with severe mental health disorders and epilepsy...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149271/rangatahi-t%C3%A5-rangatira-innovative-health-promotion-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#10
Christina Severinsen, Angelique Reweti
Rangatahi Tū Rangatira (R2R) is a national health promotion programme in Aotearoa New Zealand which aims to promote cultural and physical wellbeing for rangatahi (young people) and their whānau (family). Grounded in tikanga Māori, the programme focuses on total wellbeing, leadership and cultural awareness providing rangatahi opportunities to increase their participation in physical activity and cultural knowledge through ngā taonga tākaro (Māori ancestral games). This paper focuses on an evaluation of this innovative health promotion programme focussing on the delivery of R2R by a local iwi provider in a rural area...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148183/trends-and-predictors-of-appropriate-complementary-feeding-practices-in-nepal-an-analysis-of-national-household-survey-data-collected-between-2001-and-2014
#11
Muzi Na, Victor M Aguayo, Mary Arimond, Pradiumna Dahal, Bikash Lamichhane, Rajkumar Pokharel, Stanley Chitekwe, Christine P Stewart
There is evidence that suboptimal complementary feeding contributes to poor child growth. However, little is known about time trends and determinants of complementary feeding in Nepal, where the prevalence of child undernutrition remains unacceptably high. The objective of the study was to examine the trends and predictors of suboptimal complementary feeding in Nepali children aged 6-23 months using nationally representative data collected from 2001 to 2014. Data from the 2001, 2006, and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys and the 2014 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey were used to estimate the prevalence, trends and predictors of four WHO-UNICEF complementary feeding indicators: timely introduction of complementary foods (INTRO), minimum meal frequency (MMF), minimum dietary diversity (MDD), and minimum acceptable diet (MAD)...
November 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121245/education-setting-based-health-promotion-in-new-zealand-evaluating-the-wellbeing-and-vitality-in-education-wave-programme
#12
Kristi Calder, Annabel Begg, Lee Thompson, Daniel Williams, Susan Bidwell, Neil Brosnahan
Wellbeing and vitality in education (WAVE) is an education setting based health promotion initiative in South Canterbury, New Zealand. A mixed method approach was used for assessing change over time. Over ninety percent of education settings (94%) were participating in WAVE (n = 95). A total of 73 education settings completed the questionnaire at both baseline and follow-up. Evaluation of the WAVE programme shows that a robust partnership between health and education sectors can provide the basis for high levels of participation and significant changes in practice across all levels of education and a whole province...
November 7, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117207/perceptions-and-experiences-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-among-caregivers-and-health-workers-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#13
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Eme Owoaje, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: Effective vaccination communication with parents is critical in efforts to overcome barriers to childhood vaccination, tackle vaccine hesitancy and improve vaccination coverage. Health workers should be able to provide information to parents and other caregivers and support them in reaching decisions about vaccinating their children. Limited information exists regarding the perceptions of caregivers and health workers on the vaccination communication strategies employed in Nigeria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115922/the-prevalence-of-dementia-in-a-portuguese-community-sample-a-10-66-dementia-research-group-study
#14
Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Ana Cardoso, Ana Verdelho, Joaquim Alves da Silva, Manuel Caldas de Almeida, Alexandra Fernandes, Cátia Raminhos, Cleusa P Ferri, A Matthew Prina, Martin Prince, Miguel Xavier
BACKGROUND: Dementia imposes a high burden of disease worldwide. Recent epidemiological studies in European community samples are scarce. In Portugal, community prevalence data is very limited. The 10/66 Dementia Research Group (DRG) population-based research programmes are focused in low and middle income countries, where the assessments proved to be culture and education fair. We applied the 10/66 DRG prevalence survey methodology in Portugal, where levels of illiteracy in older populations are still high...
November 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114264/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-cervical-cancer-screening-among-women-attending-a-teaching-hospital-bharatpur-chitwan
#15
Smita Shrestha, Prativa Dhakal
Objective: To find out the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding cervical cancer screening among women. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from 96 women. Each woman was selected alternately from Gynae Out-Patient Department of Teaching Hospital. Data was collected by using semi-structured interview schedule to find out knowledge and practice and Likert scale to find out the attitude regarding cervical cancer screening. Data was analyzed by using SPSS version 20...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107197/the-adaptation-and-translation-of-the-peach%C3%A2-rct-intervention-the-process-and-outcomes-of-the-peach%C3%A2-in-the-community-trial
#16
R A Perry, R K Golley, J Hartley, A M Magarey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the process and report selected outcomes of translating an effective child weight management initiative (PEACH™) from a randomised controlled trial intervention to a community health programme. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Pre-post study design utilising the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation and maintenance (RE-AIM) evaluation framework. Adaptation of PEACH™ required significant promotional activity and consideration of legal, ethical and financial issues...
October 26, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105697/-health-education-what-is-the-role-for-pharmacist-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-umbria-italy
#17
Vincenza Gianfredi, Silvano Monarca, Massimo Moretti, Milena Villarini
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, the community pharmacist's role is undergoing profound transformations. As a healthcare provider of the National Health Service, pharmacists are expanding their expertise in Public Health through disease prevention and health promotion programme. In relation to health education and health promotion interventions, this research was aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of a selected sample of private and public pharmacists, working in the Province of Perugia and Terni, Umbria region...
October 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077709/women-s-health-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territories-contextual-influences-on-subjective-and-objective-health-measures
#18
Katie Bates, Tiziana Leone, Rula Ghandour, Suzan Mitwalli, Shiraz Nasr, Ernestina Coast, Rita Giacaman
The links between two commonly used measures of health-self-rated health (SRH) and self-reported illness (SRI)-and socio-economic and contextual factors are poorly understood in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) and more specifically among women in conflict areas. This study assesses the socioeconomic determinants of three self-reported measures of health among women in the occupied Palestinian territories; self-reported self-rated health (SRH) and two self-reported illness indicators (acute and chronic diseases)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075504/recipients-and-providers-perspectives-of-obesity-and-potential-barriers-to-weight-management-programmes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-ra-a-qualitative-study
#19
G Colligan, J Galloway, H Lempp
BACKGROUND: The UK rheumatology community serves an ageing and ethnically diverse population, with a growing public health concern about obesity. Overweight and obesity contribute to 2.8 million preventable deaths annually. A raised Body Mass Index (BMI) in those with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) can have a significant negative impact on clinical outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine patients' and providers' perceptions of obesity and potential barriers to participation in a future weight management programme to contribute to an appropriate intervention design...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061626/protocol-for-establishing-an-infant-feeding-database-linkable-with-population-based-administrative-data-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-manitoba-canada
#20
Nathan Christopher Nickel, Lynne Warda, Leslie Kummer, Joanne Chateau, Maureen Heaman, Chris Green, Alan Katz, Julia Paul, Carolyn Perchuk, Darlene Girard, Lorraine Larocque, Jennifer Emily Enns, Souradet Shaw
INTRODUCTION: Breast feeding is associated with many health benefits for mothers and infants. But despite extensive public health efforts to promote breast feeding, many mothers do not achieve their own breastfeeding goals; and, inequities in breastfeeding rates persist between high and low-income mother-infant dyads. Developing targeted programme to support breastfeeding dyads and reduce inequities between mothers of different socioeconomic status are a priority for public health practitioners and health policy decision-makers; however, many jurisdictions lack the timely and comprehensive population-level data on infant-feeding practices required to monitor trends in breastfeeding initiation and duration...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
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