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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755045/building-resilience-after-disasters-through-the-youth-leadership-program-the-importance-of-community-and-academic-partnerships-on-youth-outcomes
#1
Howard Osofsky, Joy Osofsky, Tonya Hansel, Beverly Lawrason, Anthony Speier
BACKGROUND: The Youth Leadership Program (YLP) was created as a school community-university partnership after the devastating effects of Hurricane Katrina. The YLP goal was to support youth and improve by engaging them in disaster recovery initiatives. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to describe the development of the St. Bernard Parish YLP and evaluate if the program was associated with increasing self-efficacy and decreasing trauma symptoms. Specifically, this study explored how a mental health intervention related to hurricane recovery influenced students' perceived ability to achieve goals, fostering post-disaster self-efficacy...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746352/healthstart-an-innovative-pilot-model-promoting-diversity-in-nursing-education
#2
Julie A Vignato, Teresa Guinon
This article describes a pilot model for promoting diversity in prelicensure nursing education. The National League for Nursing calls on nursing education leadership to recruit, retain, and graduate diverse students to promote nursing diversity and decrease health disparities. Scaffolding contextualized learning through a learning community and "The Puente Project" bicultural and bilingual outreach guidelines were combined to create HealthStart. Retention rates increased by 23.5 percent in a predominately low socioeconomic, racially and ethnically diverse population...
May 9, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744237/a-case-study-of-the-use-of-a-special-interest-group-to-enhance-interest-in-public-health-among-undergraduate-health-science-students
#3
Arauna Louw, Astrid Turner, Liz Wolvaardt
Background: Education and training of undergraduate health science students in public health are insufficient in many parts of the world. This lack is a risk as early interest in specialist training options is a predictor of future training choices. A special interest group (SIG) is one mechanism to engage students, increase awareness and generate interest in public health. The purpose of this case study was to create and study such a group at an African university. Case presentation: An action research study design was used to create and study the SIG...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735953/teens-implementing-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-in-the-community-feasibility-and-perceptions-of-a-partnership-with-hsta-and-icook-4-h
#4
Rebecca L Hagedorn, Jade A White, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Sarah E Colby, Kendra K Kattelmann, Adrienne A White, Melissa D Olfert
High school student researchers and teen leaders from the Health Science Technology Academy (HSTA), under the supervision of HSTA teachers, led a childhood obesity prevention (COP) program (iCook 4-H). The objective was to evaluate the feasibility and perceptions of having teen leaders implement a COP program for dyads of youth (9⁻10 years old) and their primary adult food preparer. Behavior change and perceptions were assessed through surveys and open-ended interviews. Across eight HSTA organizations, 43 teen leaders participated in teaching the iCook 4-H program to 24 dyads...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710100/achieving-gender-equity-in-physician-compensation-and-career-advancement-a-position-paper-of-the-american-college-of-physicians
#5
Renee Butkus, Joshua Serchen, Darilyn V Moyer, Sue S Bornstein, Susan Thompson Hingle
Women comprise more than one third of the active physician workforce, an estimated 46% of all physicians-in-training, and more than half of all medical students in the United States. Although progress has been made toward gender diversity in the physician workforce, disparities in compensation exist and inequities have contributed to a disproportionately low number of female physicians achieving academic advancement and serving in leadership positions. Women in medicine face other challenges, including a lack of mentors, discrimination, gender bias, cultural environment of the workplace, imposter syndrome, and the need for better work-life integration...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670414/integration-of-leadership-training-into-a-problem-case-based-learning-program-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students
#6
Samara B Ginzburg, Susan Deutsch, Jaclyn Bellissimo, David E Elkowitz, Joel Nh Stern, Robert Lucito
Purpose: The evolution of health care systems in response to societal and financial pressures has changed care delivery models, which presents new challenges for physicians. Leadership training is increasingly being recognized as an essential component of medical education training to prepare physicians to meet these needs. Unfortunately, most medical schools do not include leadership training. It has been suggested that a longitudinal and integrated approach to leadership training should be sought...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658853/moving-an-evidence-based-policy-agenda-forward-leadership-tips-from-the-field
#7
Teresa Garrett
Advancing evidence-based policy change is a leadership challenge that nurses should embrace. Key tips to ensure that evidence-based policy changes are successful at the individual, community, and population levels are offered to help nurses through the change process. The public trust in the nursing profession is a leverage point that should be used to advance the use of evidence, expedite change, and improve health for students and across communities.
May 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658802/a-qualitative-analysis-of-narrative-preclerkship-assessment-data-to-evaluate-teamwork-skills
#8
Brigid M Dolan, Celia Laird O'Brien, Kenzie A Cameron, Marianne M Green
Construct: Students entering the health professions require competency in teamwork. BACKGROUND: Although many teamwork curricula and assessments exist, studies have not demonstrated robust longitudinal assessment of preclerkship students' teamwork skills and attitudes. Assessment portfolios may serve to fill this gap, but it is unknown how narrative comments within portfolios describe student teamwork behaviors. APPROACH: We performed a qualitative analysis of narrative data in 15 assessment portfolios...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621071/back-to-basics-adherence-with-guidelines-for-glucose-and-temperature-control-in-an-american-comprehensive-stroke-center-sample
#9
Anne W Alexandrov, Paola Palazzo, Sharon Biby, Abbigayle Doerr, Wendy Dusenbury, Rhonda Young, Anne Lindstrom, Mary Grove, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Sandy Middleton, Andrei V Alexandrov
BACKGROUND: Variance from guideline-directed care for glucose and temperature control remains unknown in the United States at a time when priorities have shifted to ensure rapid diagnosis and treatment of acute stroke patients. However, protocol-driven nursing surveillance for control of hyperglycemia and hyperthermia has been shown to improve patient outcomes. METHODS: We conducted an observational pilot study to assess compliance with American guidelines for glucose and temperature control and association with discharge outcomes in consecutive acute stroke patients admitted to 5 US comprehensive stroke centers...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614190/the-value-of-peer-mentorship-as-an-educational-strategy-in-nursing
#10
Tannis Andersen, Kathy Watkins
BACKGROUND: The emphasis of this article is to provide nursing instructors with a valuable educational strategy grounded in andragogical principles for reflection and implementation in their educational practice. METHOD: An expository review of the value of peer mentorship as an educational strategy that fits within the humanistic adult education philosophy and social constructivism theory was conducted. RESULTS: The value in peer mentorship is greatest for nursing students as mentors and mentees, predominantly in encouraging self-directed learning, building relationships, providing emotional and educational support, and developing collaboration and leadership skills...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602867/medical-education-partnership-initiative-mepi-in-zimbabwe-outcomes-and-challenges
#11
James G Hakim, Midion M Chidzonga, Margaret Z Borok, Kusum J Nathoo, Jonathan Matenga, Edward Havranek, Frances Cowan, Melanie Abas, Eva Aagaard, Susan Connors, Sanele Nkomani, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu, Antony Matsika, Michele Barry, Thomas B Campbell
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has an inadequate number of health professionals, leading to a reduced capacity to respond to health challenges, including HIV/AIDS. From 2010 to 2015, the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI)-sponsored by the U.S. Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-was enthusiastically taken up by the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences (UZCHS) and 12 other sub-Saharan African universities to develop models of training to improve medical education and research capacity...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531930/emotional-intelligence-an-old-issue-and-a-new-look-in-clinical-teaching
#12
REVIEW
Athar Omid, Fariba Haghani, Peyman Adibi
In this paper, a novel model of clinical teachers with social and emotional competency which is emphasized on the importance of clinical teacher's social and emotional competence is presented. In this model, we supposed that a teacher with social and emotional competence can manage her/his emotions and has the ability to personal development and well-being. Such teacher has the competency of empathy, communication with the patients, teamwork, and collaboration to provide successful patient-centered care and relationship-centered care...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491699/expediting-formulary-standardization-in-a-multihospital-health-system-using-layered-learners
#13
Amanda J Hays, Jennifer R Smith, Rebecca M Guth, Susan E Samet
Drug formularies are a necessary part of medication management in hospitals and health systems. The system-level P&T committee at BJC HealthCare, a multihospital health system in St. Louis, Missouri, developed an approach to standardization of a system-wide formulary using available layered learners to complete the work in an expedited manner before implementation of a system-wide electronic medical record. The formulary standardization work was allocated to reviewers-including pharmacy students, residents, clinical pharmacy specialists, and pharmacy leadership-according to the complexity of the drug class under review, and a pharmacist was assigned to oversee and support the learner (student or resident) as class reviews were performed...
March 2018: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491495/comparison-of-strengthsquest-signature-themes-in-student-pharmacists-and-other-health-care-profession-students
#14
Timothy J Bloom
Objective. To determine whether there is a distinctive pattern of StrengthsQuest Signature Themes or leadership domains for Doctor of Pharmacy students compared to students in other health care professional programs. Methods. Students in Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD), Master of Physician Assistant (PA), Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT), and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) programs at Campbell University completed the online Clifton StrengthsQuest assessment and received their Signature Themes. The frequency of individual themes and the leadership domains into which they are sorted by Gallup was analyzed for each program...
February 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490567/sharing-stories-about-medical-education-in-difficult-circumstances-conceptualizing-issues-strategies-and-solutions
#15
Judy McKimm, Michelle Mclean, Trevor Gibbs, Ewa Pawlowicz
BACKGROUND: Global economic forces, political decisions, and natural disasters are only some of the factors that affect contemporary healthcare education. Given the centrality of health in all settings, the future of healthcare education depends on how we overcome these difficult circumstances. METHODS: Through a series of collaborative activities involving healthcare educators from around the world and their attempts to overcome these difficulties, the authors have developed a conceptual model centered around the people involved, the impact of culture, and organizations and systems...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485719/women-as-leaders-in-cardiovascular-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Mary Norine Walsh
Cardiology remains a specialty that is dominated by men. Even though half of all medical students and over 40% of internal medicine residents are women, the number of women in the field of cardiology remains low. The reasons for the persistent lack of increase in cardiology trainees are not well understood and are likely multifactorial. Despite this under-representation, women cardiologists are increasingly visible in leadership roles, including those in research science, health systems administration, professional societies, and clinical practice...
February 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470475/putting-action-into-the-revised-australian-medical-council-standards-on-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-and-m%C3%A4-ori-health
#17
Shannon Springer, Suzanne Pitama, Kate Leslie, Shaun Ewen
Since 2006 the Australian Medical Council (AMC) accreditation standards have required medical schools to comprehensively address issues related to the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia, and Māori in New Zealand. This has spanned areas of staff expertise, staff and student recruitment, curriculum and institutional leadership. These Indigenous specific standards have, until now, been absent for specialist medical college accreditation. The AMC revised its accreditation standards for specialist medical colleges in 2015, and for the first time included Indigenous specific standards...
February 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444802/building-support-for-adolescent-sexuality-and-reproductive-health-education-and-responding-to-resistance-in-conservative-contexts-cases-from-pakistan
#18
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Marina Plesons, Sheena Hadi, Qadeer Baig, Iliana Lang
BACKGROUND: Despite international recommendations and supportive evidence, there are few examples of scaled-up and sustained programs to provide adolescents with sexuality education. Moreover, despite acknowledgment that building community support and responding to resistance are key challenges, there is a lack of detailed discussion on specific programmatic strategies to address these issues. OBJECTIVES: This article reviews the work of 2 organizations-Aahung and Rutgers Pakistan-that are successfully implementing large-scale sexuality education programs in Pakistan, collectively reaching more than 500,000 students...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424623/interprofessional-education-day-an-evaluation-of-an-introductory-experience-for-first-year-students
#19
Zachary Singer, Kevin Fung, Elaine Lillie, Jennifer McLeod, Grace Scott, Peng You, Krista Helleman
Interprofessional health care teams have been shown to improve patient safety and reduce medical errors, among other benefits. Introducing interprofessional concepts to students in full day events is an established model that allows students to learn together. Our group developed an academic day for first-year students devoted to an introductory interprofessional education (IPE) experience, 'IPE Day'. In total, 438 students representing medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and optometry gathered together, along with 25 facilitators, for IPE Day...
May 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422189/a-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-increase-resilience-to-stress-in-university-students-the-mindful-student-study-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Julieta Galante, Géraldine Dufour, Maris Vainre, Adam P Wagner, Jan Stochl, Alice Benton, Neal Lathia, Emma Howarth, Peter B Jones
BACKGROUND: The rising number of young people going to university has led to concerns about an increasing demand for student mental health services. We aimed to assess whether provision of mindfulness courses to university students would improve their resilience to stress. METHODS: We did this pragmatic randomised controlled trial at the University of Cambridge, UK. Students aged 18 years or older with no severe mental illness or crisis (self-assessed) were randomly assigned (1:1), via remote survey software using computer-generated random numbers, to receive either an 8 week mindfulness course adapted for university students (Mindfulness Skills for Students [MSS]) plus mental health support as usual, or mental health support as usual alone...
February 2018: Lancet. Public Health
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