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A K Kothiwala, H I S Rai, Kanwaljeet Garg, Manmohan Singh, Pankaj Singh, B S Sharma, R Sood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neurology India
Ramón Medel Jiménez, Juan C Sánchez España, José Visa Nassarre, Eva Ayala Barroso, Alfredo Pueyo Ferrer, Alejandra Tapia Bahamondes, Luz M Vasquez
PURPOSE: To describe our experience and outcomes managing complete third cranial nerve palsy. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the clinical records of 7 consecutive patients treated at our centre for unilateral third nerve palsy over the period 2010-2016. We describe our surgical approach using a frontalis muscle flap to correct the eyelid ptosis associated with medial fixation of the rectus muscle tendon to the orbit to correct the horizontal deviation...
March 15, 2018: Orbit
Shuangjiang Li, Zhiqiang Wang, Kun Zhou, Yan Wang, Yanming Wu, Pengfei Li, Guowei Che
Background: To evaluate the clinical significance of degree of pulmonary fissure completeness (PFC) on major in-hospital outcomes following video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and methods: We carried out a single-center retrospective analysis on the prospectively maintained database at our unit between August 2014 and October 2015. Patients were divided into two groups based on their fissure sum average (FSA)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Qi Zhu, Jiashuang Huang, Xijia Xu
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a clinical syndrome, and its causes have not been well determined. The objective of this study was to investigate the alteration of brain functional connectivity between schizophrenia and healthy control, and present a practical solution for accurately identifying schizophrenia at single-subject level. METHODS: 24 schizophrenia patients and 21 matched healthy subjects were recruited to undergo the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scanning...
March 13, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Aisha Nazeer, Ayesha Aslam Rai, Nasir Hassan Luck
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the incidence of gastrointestinal disorders requiring endoscopic and histopathologic diagnoses in renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we examined records of patients seen at the Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology and Transplantation Sciences, Sindh Institute of Urology and Trans?lantation (Karachi, Pakistan) from January 2010 to December 2014. Renal transplant recipients with gastrointestinal disorders who required endoscopy, including proctoscopy and upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy as per indication, were included...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Anne-Sophie Poinsard, Iona Mathieson, Olivier Balland
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our work was to study the potential of tarsomarginal grafting technique, in canine. ANIMAL STUDIED: All dogs included in this study had tumors of the upper or lower eyelid. Furthermore, resection of the tumor necessitated excision of the eyelid margin comprising 1/4 and 2/3. PROCEDURE: Harvesting of the graft with the length of half the length of the tumor, including its free margins was performed via a full-thickness incision on the ipsilateral healthy eyelid...
March 13, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Shi-Jin Feng, Zhen-Bai Bai, Hong-Xin Chen, Ben-Yi Cao, Shi-Feng Lu, Yun-Min Chen
A dual-permeability hydro-biodegradation model is developed to describe the leachate flow in municipal solid waste (MSW) and predict the long-term settlement induced by biodegradation in bioreactor landfills. The model is verified against Hydrus-1D and a recirculation experiment conducted in a full-scale landfill. Preferential flow and mass transfer between fissure and matrix can be reasonably modeled by the proposed model. A higher recirculation flow rate can speed up the stabilization process of landfill...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Nobuhiko Taniai, Tadashi Machida, Hiroshi Yoshida, Masato Yoshioka, Youichi Kawano, Tetsuya Shimizu, Yuto Aoki
BACKGROUND: The vein that runs between ventral and dorsal Segment 8 is called the anterior fissure vein (AFV). AFV is sometimes needed as a boundary for Subsegmentectomy in Segment 8. The aim of the present study was to investigate the AFV to determine whether the AFV can be used a landmark for subsegmentectomy of the liver at Segment 8. METHODS: We analyzed data from 151 patients who had undergone abdominal computed tomographic (CT) examinations. The position of the AFV is identified by determining whether the AFV drains flows into the proximal, medial, or distal portion of the middle hepatic vein (MHV) or right hepatic vein (RHV)...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Antonio Arroyo, Elisa Montes, Teresa Calderón, Isabel Blesa, Manuela Elía, Gervasio Salgado, Juan García-Armengol, Fernando de-la-Portilla
The Spanish Association of Coloproctology and the Coloproctology Division of the Spanish Association of Surgeons propose this consensus document with a treatment algorithm for anal fissure that could be used for decision making. Non-surgical therapy and surgical treatment of anal fissure are explained, and the recommended algorithm is provided. The methodology used was: creation of a group of experts; search in PubMed, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library for publications from the last 10 years about anal fissure; presentation at the 21st National Meeting of the Spanish Association of Coloproctology Foundation 2017 with voting for/against each conclusion by the attendees and review by the scientific committee of the Spanish Association of Coloproctology...
March 8, 2018: Cirugía Española
Karl Roessler, Burkhard S Kasper, Roland Coras, Soheil Arinrad, Michael Scholz, Hajo H Hamer, Ingmar Blümcke, Michael Buchfelder
BACKGROUND: Temporal lobe resection (TLR) including amygdalo-hippocampectomy (AHE) is the most frequent performed procedure in epilepsy surgery. Due to close anatomical relationship of the mesial temporal structures and the midbrain and choroidal fissure, the risk of severe complications like postoperative stroke is up to 2.5%. METHODS: We developed a modification of the classical technique for AHE by early entering the choroidal fissure for identification of crus cerebri, posterior cerebri artery and oculomotor nerve via the anterior part of the fronto- mesial temporal horn cleft...
March 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
R T Winn, D Brass, S J Meggitt
A 58 year old gentleman developed multiple fissures and discharging sinuses in the groin and perineum. Skin biopsies showed non-caseating granulomas suggestive of Crohn's disease. The patient had no gastrointestinal symptoms and a radio-labelled white cell scan demonstrated no bowel involvement. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 10, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Jennifer C Hocking, Jakub K Famulski, Kevin H Yoon, Sonya A Widen, Cassidy S Bernstein, Sophie Koch, Omri Weiss, Seema Agarwala, Adi Inbal, Ordan J Lehmann, Andrew J Waskiewicz
The eye primordium arises as a lateral outgrowth of the forebrain, with a transient fissure on the inferior side of the optic cup providing an entry point for developing blood vessels. Incomplete closure of the inferior ocular fissure results in coloboma, a disease characterized by gaps in the inferior eye and recognized as a significant cause of pediatric blindness. Here, we identify eight patients with defects in tissues of the superior eye, a congenital disorder that we term superior coloboma. The embryonic origin of superior coloboma could not be explained by conventional models of eye development, leading us to reanalyze morphogenesis of the dorsal eye...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Genetics
P F Vollebregt, A A van Bodegraven, T M L Markus-de Kwaadsteniet, D van der Horst, R J F Felt-Bersma
BACKGROUND: Patient reported outcomes regarding perianal disease and faecal incontinence in the community-based inflammatory bowel disease population are poorly described. AIMS: To determine the impacts of perianal disease and faecal incontinence on quality of life and employment in inflammatory bowel disease patients. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, a comprehensive survey was sent out to members of the Dutch National Crohn's and Colitis patient organisation...
March 9, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Peter M DiGeronimo, Simone R R Pisano, Nicola Di Girolamo, Carl F Spielvogel, Gordon J Pirie, Rene Carter
Indian flying foxes ( Pteropus giganteus) are adapted to visual foraging in dim light. Nine Indian flying foxes were taken from a captive colony of 25 animals and placed in quarantine, off exhibit, in preparation for shipment to another institution. The exhibit had indirect, natural sunlight and was large enough to allow for flight. The quarantine enclosure was subject to >12 hr/day artificial lighting and did not allow for flight or gliding. Diet was identical between groups. After 13 mo, ophthalmic examination was performed on each animal including evaluation of the anterior chamber, rebound tonometry in upright and hanging positions, measurement of palpebral fissure length, and vertical and horizontal corneal diameters...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Hyung-Suk Lee, Sang-Kyeom Kim, Seok-Woo Park, Elbert de Josselin de Jong, Ho-Keun Kwon, Seung-Hwa Jeong, Baek-Il Kim
Occlusal discoloration due to staining frequently occurs on the pits and fissures of teeth. Noncariogenic discoloration (non-CD) refers to the attachment of staining chromogens to sound surfaces, whereas cariogenic discoloration (CD) represents the discoloration of porous structures due to bacterial metabolites and mineral loss from the enamel surface. This study evaluated whether it is possible to distinguish between non-CD and CD on stained occlusal surfaces with fluorescence assessed by the quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) technology...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
M Palau-Baduell, B Salvado-Salvado, M A Idiazabal-Alecha, A Fernandez-Teruel, T Ortiz
INTRODUCTION: The perisylvian areas, located around the Sylvian fissure, are constituted by frontal, temporal and parietal brain regions. These are connected forming specialized neural networks and play a primary role in the development of linguistic skills and social cognition. These areas are a possible neuronal substrate of cognitive and behavioral impairments in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). AIM: To locate and quantify epileptiform activity sources through magnetoencephalography in frontal perisylvian areas in children with idiopathic ASD...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Gaia Gestri, Naiara Bazin-Lopez, Clarissa Scholes, Stephen W Wilson
Coloboma is a defect in the morphogenesis of the eye that is a consequence of failure of choroid fissure fusion. It is among the most common congenital defects in humans and can significantly impact vision. However, very little is known about the cellular mechanisms that regulate choroid fissure closure. Using high-resolution confocal imaging of the zebrafish optic cup, we find that apico-basal polarity is re-modeled in cells lining the fissure in proximal to distal and inner to outer gradients during fusion...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Jing-Hu Yang, Xiang Yu, Yi Yang, Zeng-Qiang Yang
Underground coal mining activities are prone to cause movement and breakage in geological strata and also lead to mining subsidence and even ground fissures. Along the direction working panel advancing, ground fissures may occur in roof in front and/or behind working panel. However, the investigations of previous similarity tests in lab only emphasize on the region behind working panel. By improving strata material property in construction and mounting artificial pressure devices, two physical simulation tests were conducted and successfully investigated the simulated results...
2018: PloS One
Chamara Arachchighe Lahiru Weerasinghe, Bich-Hong Thi Bui, Thu Thi Vu, Hong-Loan Thi Nguyen, Bao-Khanh Phung, Van-Minh Nguyen, Van-Anh Pham, Vu-Hung Cao, Tuan-Nghia Phan
Leigh syndrome is a rare inherited, heterogeneous and progressive neurometabolic disorder that is mainly caused by specific mutations in nuclear DNA (nDNA) or mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The present study reported a case of childhood Leigh syndrome with a point mutation at bp 8,993 in the mitochondrial ATPase6 gene. A 21‑month‑old male child had developed epilepsy, muscular weakness and vomiting, which was accompanied by high fever. Magnetic resonance imaging indicated typical characteristics of Leigh syndrome, including a symmetric abnormal signal in the dorsal medulla oblongata and Sylvian fissure enlargement in association with an abnormal signal in the periventricular white matter and in the putamina and caudate heads...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Min Wu, Xianming Fu, Ying Ji, Wanhai Ding, Dali Deng, Yehan Wang, Xiaofeng Jiang, Chaoshi Niu
BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression (MVD) of the trigeminal nerve is the most effective treatment for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). However, when encountering with classical trigeminal neuralgia caused by venous compression, the procedure becomes much more difficult, and failure or recurrence due to incomplete decompression may become frequent. This study aimed to investigate the anatomical variation of the culprit veins, and discuss the surgical strategy for different types respectively...
March 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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