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"Cross presentation"

Andrés Alloatti, Derek C Rookhuizen, Leonel Joannas, Jean-Marie Carpier, Salvador Iborra, Joao G Magalhaes, Nader Yatim, Patrycja Kozik, David Sancho, Matthew L Albert, Sebastian Amigorena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental Medicine
F Q Cao, M M Yan, Y J Liu, L X Liu, L Lu, H Wang, Ch Zhang, H F Sun, D L Kong, G L Ma
Herein, the photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) is used to induce the self-assembly of antigens to form nanovaccines. Under near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation, reactive oxygen species can be generated by nanovaccines to disrupt the membranes of endo/lysosomes, which helps to release antigens into the cytosol efficiently, thereby enhancing antigen cross-presentation and anti-cancer immunity. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first example of ICG as a biocompatible adjuvant to improve cancer vaccine efficacy...
February 13, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Héctor Parra-Sánchez, Lucinda Puebla-Clark, Mónica Reséndiz, Olivia Valenzuela, Jesús Hernández
Conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) are divided into the following different subtypes: cDC1, which promotes a Th1 response, and cDC2, which stimulates a Th2 and Th17 response. These cells have not been characterized in porcine lymphoid tissues. DEC205 is a receptor that increases antigen presentation and allows DCs to cross-present antigens. The objectives of this work were to characterize cDCs subsets in the tonsil, submaxillary and mesenteric lymph nodes and spleen lymphoid tissues and to determine their expression of DEC205 by flow cytometry...
February 9, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Irene Soleto, Uwe Fischer, Carolina Tafalla, Aitor G Granja
Dendritic cells (DCs) are highly specialized antigen-presenting cells that bridge innate and adaptive immune responses in vertebrates, being key modulators in the initiation of specific responses. Although teleost fish present the main elements of a fully developed adaptive immune system, not many studies have focused on identifying specific DC subsets in teleost species. Previous work from our group identified in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) skin a DC subpopulation co-expressing CD8α and major histocompatibility complex II β on the cell surface...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Grammatiki Fotaki, Chuan Jin, Mohanraj Ramachandran, Iliana Kyriaki Kerzeli, Alex Karlsson-Parra, Di Yu, Magnus Essand
Accumulating evidence support an important role for endogenous bystander dendritic cells (DCs) in the efficiency of autologous patient-derived DC-vaccines, as bystander DCs take up material from vaccine-DCs, migrate to draining lymph node and initiate antitumor T-cell responses. We examined the possibility of using allogeneic DCs as vaccine-DCs to activate bystander immune cells and promote antigen-specific T-cell responses. We demonstrate that human DCs matured with polyI:C, R848 and IFN-γ (denoted COMBIG) in combination with an infection-enhanced adenovirus vector (denoted Ad5M) exhibit a pro-inflammatory state...
2018: Oncoimmunology
Elien M Doorduijn, Marjolein Sluijter, Koen A Marijt, Bianca J Querido, Sjoerd H van der Burg, Thorbald van Hall
Cancers frequently evade immune-recognition by lowering peptide:MHC-I complexes on their cell surface. Limited peptide supply due to TAP-deficiency results in such MHC-Ilow immune-escape variants. Previously, we reported on a category of TAP-independent self-peptides, called TEIPP, with selective presentation by these tumors. Here we demonstrate that in contrast to T cells specific for conventional tumor antigens, TEIPP-directed T cells remain naïve in mice bearing immune-escaped tumors. This unaffected state was caused by low levels of MHC-I on the tumors and the failure to cross-present low levels of antigenic protein by host APCs...
2018: Oncoimmunology
Jinjin Zhao, Ning Pan, Fang Huang, Mohanad Aldarouish, Zhifa Wen, Rong Gao, Yuye Zhang, Hong-Ming Hu, Yanfei Shen, Li-Xin Wang
A simple and effective strategy was developed to enrich ubiquitinated proteins (UPs) from cancer cell lysate using the α-Al2O3 nanoparticles covalently linked with ubiquitin binding protein (Vx3) (denoted as: α-Al2O3-Vx3) via a chemical linker. The functionalized α-Al2O3-Vx3 showed long-term stability and high efficiency for the enrichment of UPs from cancer cell lysates. Flow cytometry analysis results indicated dendritic cells (DCs) could more effectively phagocytize the covalently linked α-Al2O3-Vx3-UPs than the physical mixture of α-Al2O3 and Vx3-UPs (α-Al2O3/Vx3-UPs)...
January 31, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Hao Jiang, Qin Wang, Lin Li, Qin Zeng, Hanmei Li, Tao Gong, Zhirong Zhang, Xun Sun
Due to its safety and efficacy, aluminum hydroxide is used as an immune adjuvant in human vaccines for over 80 years. Being a Th2 stimulator, the classical gel-like adjuvant, however, fails to generate CD8+ T cell responses, which are important for cancer vaccines. Here, aluminum hydroxide is turned from gel into nano-sized vaccine carriers AlO(OH)-polymer nanoparticles (APNs) to promote their lymphatic migration. After actively uptaken via scavenger receptor-A by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) resident in lymph nodes (LNs), APNs destabilize lysosomes resulting in efficient cytosolic delivery and cross-presentation of antigens...
January 2018: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Blake F Frey, Jiansheng Jiang, Yongjun Sui, Lisa F Boyd, Bin Yu, Gwen Tatsuno, Rolf Billeskov, Shahram Solaymani-Mohammadi, Phillip W Berman, David H Margulies, Jay A Berzofsky
Unlike cytosolic processing and presentation of viral Ags by virus-infected cells, Ags first expressed in infected nonprofessional APCs, such as CD4+ T cells in the case of HIV, are taken up by dendritic cells and cross-presented. This generally requires entry through the endocytic pathway, where endosomal proteases have first access for processing. Thus, understanding virus escape during cross-presentation requires an understanding of resistance to endosomal proteases, such as cathepsin S (CatS). We have modified HIV-1MN gp120 by mutating a key CatS cleavage site (Thr322Thr323) in the V3 loop of the immunodominant epitope IGPGRAFYTT to IGPGRAFYVV to prevent digestion...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Hyejin Kim, Takashi Kimoto, Satoko Sakai, Etsuhisa Takahashi, Hiroshi Kido
We reported previously that intranasal instillation of a synthetic human pulmonary surfactant with a carboxy vinyl polymer as a viscosity improver, named SF-10, shows potent adjuvanticity for humoral immunity in mice and cynomolgus monkeys. SF-10 effectively induces influenza hemagglutinin vaccine (HAv)-specific IgA in nasal and lung washes and IgG in sera with their neutralizing activities. Since CD8+ T cell-mediated protection is an important requirement for adaptive immunity, we investigated in this study the effects of SF-10 with antigen on local and systemic cell-mediated immunity...
2018: PloS One
Jia Guo, Mengjiao Zhou, Xin Liu, Yunzhi Pan, Runjun Yang, Zhihui Zhao, Boxing Sun
Interferon-gamma-inducible protein 30 (IFI30) is an IFN-γ-inducible protein that is involved in MHC class II-restricted antigen processing and MHC class I-restricted cross-presentation pathways of adaptive immunity. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of porcine IFI30 expression on PRRSV proliferation in host cells. MARC-145 cells and pig Sertoli (ST) cells were infected with PRRSV after transfection with porcine IFI30 expression vectors and an empty vector. PRRSV copy numbers were analyzed by absolute real-time quantitative PCR, and the results showed that porcine IFI30 expression could significantly inhibit PRRSV transcription...
January 20, 2018: Gene
Nicoletta Caronni, Francesca Simoncello, Francesca Stafetta, Corrado Guarnaccia, Juan Sebastian Ruiz-Moreno, Bastian Opitz, Thierry Galli, Veronique Proux-Gillardeaux, Federica Benvenuti
Restoring antigen presentation for efficient and durable activation of tumor-specific CD8+ T cell responses is pivotal to immunotherapy, yet the mechanisms that cause subversion of dendritic cells (DC) functions are not entirely understood, limiting the development of targeted approaches. In this study, we show that bone fide DC resident in lung tumor tissues or DC exposed to factors derived from whole lung tumors become refractory to endosomal and cytosolic sensor stimulation and fail to secrete IL-12 and IFN-I...
January 23, 2018: Cancer Research
Lotte Spel, Rutger D Luteijn, Jan W Drijfhout, Stefan Nierkens, Marianne Boes, Emmanuel J H Wiertz
Viruses may interfere with the MHC class I antigen presentation pathway in order to avoid CD8+ T cell-mediated immunity. A key target within this pathway is the peptide transporter TAP. This transporter plays a central role in MHC class I-mediated peptide presentation of endogenous antigens. In addition, TAP plays a role in antigen cross-presentation of exogenously derived antigens by dendritic cells (DCs). In this study, a soluble form of the cowpox virus TAP inhibitor CPXV012 is synthesized for exogenous delivery into the antigen cross-presentation route of human monocyte-derived (mo)DCs...
October 19, 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
Kewei Wang, Yong Yang, Wei Xue, Zonghua Liu
In immunotherapy, induction of potent cellular immunity by vaccination is essential to treat intracellular infectious diseases and tumors. In this work, we designed a new synthetic peptide carrier Cys-Trp-Trp-Arg8-Cys-Arg8-Cys-Arg8-Cys for vaccine delivery by integrating redox-responsive disulfide bond cross-linking and cell-penetrating peptide Arginine octamer. The carrier peptide bound to antigen protein ovalbumin (OVA) via electrostatic self-assembly to form peptide/OVA nanocomposites. Then, the spontaneous oxidization of the thiols of the cysteine residues induced interpeptide disulfide bond crosslinking to construct denser peptide/antigen condensates...
January 23, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Frances E Pearson, Karshing Chang, Yoshihito Minoda, Ingrid M Leal Rojas, Oscar L Haigh, Ghazal Daraj, Kirsteen M Tullett, Kristen J Radford
Mice reconstituted with human hematopoietic stem cells are valuable models to study aspects of the human immune system in vivo. We describe a humanized mouse model (hu mice) in which fully functional human CD141+ and CD1c+ myeloid and CD123+ plasmacytoid dendritic cells (DC) develop from human cord blood CD34+ cells in immunodeficient mice. CD141+ DC are the human equivalents of murine CD8+ /CD103+ DC which are essential for the induction of tumor-inhibitory cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses, making them attractive targets to exploit for the development of new cancer immunotherapies...
January 18, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
Madhav D Sharma, Paulo C Rodriguez, Brent H Koehn, Babak Baban, Yan Cui, Gang Guo, Michiko Shimoda, Rafal Pacholczyk, Huidong Shi, Eun-Joon Lee, Hongyan Xu, Theodore S Johnson, Yukai He, Taha Mergoub, Christopher Venable, Vincenzo Bronte, Jedd D Wolchok, Bruce R Blazar, David H Munn
CD103+ dendritic cells are critical for cross-presentation of tumor antigens. Here we have shown that during immunotherapy, large numbers of cells expressing CD103 arose in murine tumors via direct differentiation of Ly6c+ monocytic precursors. These Ly6c+CD103+ cells could derive from bone-marrow monocytic progenitors (cMoPs) or from peripheral cells present within the myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) population. Differentiation was controlled by inflammation-induced activation of the transcription factor p53, which drove upregulation of Batf3 and acquisition of the Ly6c+CD103+ phenotype...
January 16, 2018: Immunity
Anna Capsomidis, Gabriel Benthall, Heleen H Van Acker, Jonathan Fisher, Anne M Kramer, Zarah Abeln, Yvonne Majani, Talia Gileadi, Rebecca Wallace, Kenth Gustafsson, Barry Flutter, John Anderson
Gamma delta T (γδT) lymphocytes are primed for rapid function, including cytotoxicity toward cancer cells, and are a component of the immediate stress response. Following activation, they can function as professional antigen-presenting cells. Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) work by focusing T cell function on defined cell surface tumor antigens and provide essential costimulation for robust activation. Given the natural tropism of γδT cells for the tumor microenvironment, we hypothesized that their transduction with CARs might enhance cytotoxicity while retaining their ability to migrate to tumor and act as antigen-presenting cells to prolong the intratumoral immune response...
December 8, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Min Wang, Jenny Jokinen, Irina Tretyakova, Peter Pushko, Igor S Lukashevich
Lassa virus (LASV) is the most prevalent rodent-borne arenavirus circulated in West Africa. With population at risk from Senegal to Nigeria, LASV causes Lassa fever and is responsible for thousands of deaths annually. High genetic diversity of LASV is one of the challenges for vaccine R&D. We developed multivalent virus-like particle vectors (VLPVs) derived from the human Venezuelan equine encephalitis TC-83 IND vaccine (VEEV) as the next generation of alphavirus-based bicistronic RNA replicon particles. The genes encoding VEEV structural proteins were replaced with LASV glycoproteins (GPC) from distantly related clades I and IV with individual 26S promoters...
December 26, 2017: Vaccine
Theodore S Johnson, Tracy Mcgaha, David H Munn
In certain settings, chemotherapy can trigger an immunogenic form of tumor cell death. More often, however, tumor cell death after chemotherapy is not immunogenic, and may be actively tolerizing. However, even in these settings the dying tumor cells may be much more immunogenic than previously recognized, if key suppressive immune checkpoints such as indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) can be blocked. This is an important question, because a robust immune response to dying tumor cells could potentially augment the efficacy of conventional chemotherapy, or enhance the strength and duration of response to other immunologic therapies...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Filippo Veglia, Vladimir A Tyurin, Dariush Mohammadyani, Maria Blasi, Elizabeth K Duperret, Laxminarasimha Donthireddy, Ayumi Hashimoto, Alexandr Kapralov, Andrew Amoscato, Roberto Angelini, Sima Patel, Kevin Alicea-Torres, David Weiner, Maureen E Murphy, Judith Klein-Seetharaman, Esteban Celis, Valerian E Kagan, Dmitry I Gabrilovich
Cross-presentation is a critical function of dendritic cells (DCs) required for induction of antitumor immune responses and success of cancer immunotherapy. It is established that tumor-associated DCs are defective in their ability to cross-present antigens. However, the mechanisms driving these defects are still unknown. We find that impaired cross-presentation in DCs is largely associated with defect in trafficking of peptide-MHC class I (pMHC) complexes to the cell surface. DCs in tumor-bearing hosts accumulate lipid bodies (LB) containing electrophilic oxidatively truncated (ox-tr) lipids...
December 14, 2017: Nature Communications
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