keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric intoe

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103120/compassionate-options-for-pediatric-ems-cope-addressing-communication-skills
#1
Aaron W Calhoun, Erica R H Sutton, Anita P Barbee, Beth McClure, Carrie Bohnert, Richard Forest, Peter Taillac, Mary E Fallat
INTRODUCTION: Each year, 16,000 children suffer cardiopulmonary arrest, and in one urban study, 2% of pediatric EMS calls were attributed to pediatric arrests. This indicates a need for enhanced educational options for prehospital providers that address how to communicate to families in these difficult situations. In response, our team developed a cellular phone digital application (app) designed to assist EMS providers in self-debriefing these events, thereby improving their communication skills...
January 19, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100415/a-10-year-trend-of-dental-treatments-under-general-anesthesia-of-children-in-taipei-veterans-general-hospital
#2
Yung-Pan Chen, Chun-Yi Hsieh, Wen-Ting Hsu, Fu-Ya Wu, Wen-Yu Shih
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia (GA) as a pediatric dental procedure is a well-established method of behavior management. However, studies of pediatric dentistry under GA have mostly focused on handicapped patients, and various retrospective studies in Taiwan have mainly reviewed only a limited number of years. The purpose of the present study was to report trends in pediatric dental treatment performed under GA over the past 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital records of patients receiving dental treatment under GA from 2006 until 2015 was performed...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100255/early-life-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-greater-use-of-academic-support-services-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-urban-children
#3
Jeanette A Stingone, Katharine H McVeigh, Luz Claudio
BACKGROUND: There is a growing literature showing associations between prenatal and early-life exposure to air pollution and children's neurodevelopment. However, it is unclear if decrements in neurodevelopment observed in epidemiologic research translate into observable functional outcomes in the broader pediatric population. The objective of this study was to examine the association between early-life exposures to common urban air toxics and the use of academic support services, such as early intervention and special education within a population-based cohort of urban children...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099426/fetal-origins-of-adult-cardiac-disease-a-novel-approach-to-prevent-fetal-growth-restriction-induced-cardiac-dysfunction-using-insulin-like-growth-factor
#4
Tarek Alsaied, Khaled Omar, Jeanne F James, Robert B Hinton, Timothy M Crombleholme, Mounira Habli
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction is a risk factor for adult cardiovascular disease. Intra-placental gene transfer of human insulin-like growth factor-1 corrects birth weight in our mouse model of fetal growth restriction. This study addresses long term effects of fetal growth restriction on cardiac function and the potential preventive effect of insulin-like growth factor-1. STUDY DESIGN: Laparotomy was performed on pregnant C57BL/6J mice at embryonic day 18 and pups were divided into 3 groups: Sham operated; fetal growth restriction (induced by mesenteric uterine artery ligation); treatment (intra-placental injection of insulin-like growth factor-1 after uterine artery ligation)...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099421/estimation-of-adult-and-neonatal-rbc-lifespans-in-anemic-neonates-using-rbcs-labeled-at-several-discrete-biotin-densities
#5
Denison J Kuruvilla, John A Widness, Demet Nalbant, Robert L Schmidt, Donald M Mock, Guohua An, Peter Veng-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Prior conclusions that autologous neonatal red blood cells (RBC) have substantially shorter lifespans than allogeneic adult RBCs were not based on direct comparison of autologous neonatal vs. allogeneic adult RBCs performed concurrently in the same infant. Biotin labeling of autologous neonatal RBCs and allogeneic adult donor RBCs permits concurrent direct comparison of autologous vs. allogeneic RBC lifespan. METHODS: RBCs from 15 allogeneic adult donors and from 15 very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates were labeled at separate biotin densities and transfused simultaneously into the 15 neonates...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099323/anesthesia-and-databases-pediatric-cardiac-disease-as-a-role-model
#6
David F Vener, Sara K Pasquali, Emad B Mossad
Large data sets have now become ubiquitous in clinical medicine; they are particularly useful in high-acuity, low-volume conditions such as congenital heart disease where data must be collected from many centers. These data fall into 2 categories: administrative data arising from hospital admissions and charges and clinical data relating to specific diseases or procedures. In congenital cardiac diseases, there are now over a dozen of these data sets or registries focusing on various elements of patient care...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098395/first-uhplc-ms-ms-method-coupled-with-automated-on-line-spe-for-quantification-both-of-tacrolimus-and-everolimus-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-and-its-application-on-samples-from-co-treated-pediatric-patients
#7
Debora Pensi, Amedeo De Nicolò, Michele Pinon, Clarissa Pisciotta, Pier Luigi Calvo, Antonello Nonnato, Renato Romagnoli, Francesco Tandoi, Giovanni Di Perri, Antonio D'Avolio
Tacrolimus (TAC, FK-506) and everolimus (EVE, RAD001) are immunosuppressors used to treat pediatric patients undergoing liver transplantation. Their hematic TDM by liquid chromatography became standard practice. However, it does not always reflect concentrations at their active site. Our aim was to develop and validate a new method for the simultaneous TAC and EVE quantification into target cells: Peripheral-Blood-Mononuclear-Cells (PBMCs). PBMCs were collected using Cell-Preparation-Tubes; cells number and MCV were evaluated by an automatic cell counter...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096476/accuracy-of-oxygen-consumption-and-carbon-dioxide-elimination-measurements-in-2-breath-by-breath-devices
#8
Craig D Smallwood, John N Kheir, Brian K Walsh, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: Although accurate quantification of oxygen consumption (V̇O2 ) and carbon dioxide elimination (V̇CO2 ) provides important insights into a patient's nutritional and hemodynamic status, few devices exist to accurately measure these parameters in children. Therefore, we assessed the accuracy and agreement of 2 devices currently on the market using a pediatric in vitro model of gas exchange. METHODS: We utilized a Huszczuk simulation model, which simulates oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production using gas dilution, to examine the accuracy of two FDA-cleared respiratory modules (E-COVX and E-sCAiOVX-00)...
January 17, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095119/fecal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-strains-is-associated-with-worse-outcome-in-patients-hospitalized-in-the-pediatric-oncology-unit-of-beni-messous-hospital-in-algiers-algeria
#9
Chafiaa Medboua-Benbalagh, Abdelaziz Touati, Rachida Kermas, Alima Gharout-Sait, Lucien Brasme, Halima Mezhoud, Djamila Touati, Thomas Guillard, Christophe de Champs
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to investigate extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) fecal carriage in children with different cancers admitted in the pediatric oncology unit of Beni-Messous Hospital (Algiers, Algeria). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rectal swabs from children with cancer were sampled from February 2012 to May 2013 within 48 hours following their admission. After species identification and detection of ESBL production by double-disk synergy test (DD test), antibiotic susceptibility was determined by the standard disk diffusion method...
January 17, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094480/anesthetic-complications-during-general-anesthesia-without-intravenous-access-in-pediatric-ophthalmologic-clinic-assessment-of-5216-cases
#10
Chun W Hung, Lauren Licina, David H Abramson, Vittoria Arslan-Carlon
BACKGROUNDː General anesthesia utilizing inhalational agents without intravenous (IV) access for minor procedures is controversial1. Eliminating IV access increases efficiency and patient satisfaction; however, the ability to introduce rapid acting medications into the circulation during an unanticipated emergency becomes challenging. The objective of this study was to examine complication risk following pediatric ophthalmologic examinations under anesthesia (EUA) without IV placement. METHODSː A retrospective review of consecutive pediatric patients who underwent EUA for retinoblastoma management was performed from 2004 to 2014...
January 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093988/adherence-to-secondary-prophylaxis-for-acute-rheumatic-fever-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
Priya Minaxi Kevat, Benjamin M Reeves, Alan R Ruben, Ronny Gunnarsson
BACKGROUND: Optimal delivery of regular benzathine penicillin G (BPG) injections prescribed as secondary prophylaxis for acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is vital to preventing disease morbidity and cardiac sequelae in affected pediatric and young adult populations. However, poor uptake of secondary prophylaxis remains a significant challenge to ARF/RHD control programs. OBJECTIVE: In order to facilitate better understanding of this challenge and thereby identify means to improve service delivery, this systematic literature review explored rates of adherence and factors associated with adherence to secondary prophylaxis for ARF and RHD worldwide...
January 16, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093801/from-questions-to-answers-examining-the-role-of-pediatric-surveillance-units-in-eating-disorder-research
#12
Debra K Katzman, Sloane Madden, Dasha Nicholls, Karizma Mawjee, Mark L Norris
Pediatric Surveillance Units (PSUs) provide a unique model for the study of pediatric eating disorders (EDs). Australia, Britain, and Canada have surveillance programs that have generated valuable epidemiological and clinical data on early-onset eating disorders (EOED). The PSUs represent an important collaborative tool that has helped shape our understanding of EOEDs and offers potential to contribute to decisions regarding health resource allocation and public health policy. This paper reviews the role of PSUs as a unique model to study pediatric EDs and its success in translating the knowledge generated by these programs into improving the health of children and adolescents with EDs worldwide...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093343/moyamoya-and-inflammation
#13
Juan C Mejia-Munne, Jason A Ellis, Neil A Feldstein, Philip M Meyers, Edward S Connolly
BACKGROUND: Over fifty years have elapsed since Moyamoya was initially described; however, the disease etiology remains unknown. Although certain genetic loci and immunological characteristics are associated with Moyamoya, this does not fully explain its pathophysiology. An association with inflammatory disease has been postulated but not rigorously explored. We sought to examine the epidemiological association of Moyamoya and inflammatory diseases by analyzing data from a large administrative database...
January 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092394/morphological-evaluation-of-meibomian-glands-in-children-and-adolescents-using-noncontact-infrared-meibography
#14
Yuan Wu, Haili Li, Yun Tang, Xiaoming Yan
PURPOSE: To compare, in vivo, differences in meibomian gland morphology between children and adolescents. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients were included in this study and divided into two groups: children (n = 31; age range: 3 to 11 years) and adolescents (n = 39; age range: 12 to 18 years). Images of meibomian glands were obtained by infrared meibography and analyzed using ImageJ software (developed by the National Institutes of Health; available at http://rsb.info...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092120/pediatric-peritonsillar-abscess-outcomes-and-cost-savings-from-using-transcervical-ultrasound
#15
Zhen Huang, William Vintzileos, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Anjum Bandarkar, Brian K Reilly
OBJECTIVES: 1) To analyze clinical outcomes of children stratified by ultrasound into three diagnoses: acute tonsillitis, peritonsillar phlegmon, and abscess; and 2) To compare clinical outcomes and financial impact between children who underwent ultrasound protocol to those who did not. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis between two cohorts: ultrasound protocol group and control group. METHODS: Children with peritonsillar abscess (PTA) diagnosed in the emergency department (ED) were enrolled during a 2-year period for transcervical ultrasound evaluation of bilateral tonsillar fossae...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091832/utility-and-safety-of-the-safesept%C3%A2-transseptal-guidewire-for-electrophysiology-studies-with-catheter-ablation-in-pediatric-and-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Joseph J Knadler, Jeffrey B Anderson, Ahmad S Chaouki, Richard J Czosek, Chad Connor, Timothy K Knilans, David S Spar
PURPOSE: The atrial transseptal procedure is used in catheter ablation of left-sided arrhythmias. Studies in adult patients have shown the SafeSept™ transseptal guidewire (SSTG) to be effective in atrial transseptal procedures. We analyzed our 5-year experience with SSTG use in pediatric and congenital heart disease patients undergoing catheter ablation. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective analysis of patients undergoing catheter ablation from 2009 to 2014...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090469/the-relationships-between-respiratory-virus-infection-and-aminotransferase-in-children
#17
Jun Suk Oh, Jun Sik Choi, Young Hyuk Lee, Kyung Og Ko, Jae Woo Lim, Eun Jung Cheon, Gyung Min Lee, Jung Min Yoon
PURPOSE: We sought to examine the relationship between the clinical manifestations of nonspecific reactive hepatitis and respiratory virus infection in pediatric patients. METHODS: Patients admitted to the pediatric unit of Konyang University Hospital for lower respiratory tract disease between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014 and who underwent reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction tests were examined. The patients were divided into those with increased levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and those with normal ALT or AST levels...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089888/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-short-term-treatment-and-repeat-treatment-of-nocturnal-enuresis-using-an-enuresis-alarm
#18
Taiju Hyuga, Shigeru Nakamura, Shina Kawai, Hideo Nakai
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 3-month enuresis alarm (EA) treatment and repeat EA treatment among pediatric patients with nocturnal enuresis (NE), and to compare patient characteristics among 'responders' and 'non-responders' to treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated for 137 children (94 boys and 43 girls, mean age, 10.1 years). Effectiveness was evaluated after an initial 3-month treatment, using the International Children's Continence Society criteria...
January 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089557/lower-total-and-regional-grey-matter-brain-volumes-in-youth-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infection-associations-with-hiv-disease-severity-substance-use-and-cognition
#19
C Paula Lewis-De Los Angeles, Paige L Williams, Yanling Huo, Shirlene D Wang, Kristina A Uban, Megan M Herting, Kathleen Malee, Ram Yogev, John G Csernansky, Sharon Nichols, Russell B Van Dyke, Elizabeth R Sowell, Lei Wang
Despite improved survival due to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), youth with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) show cognitive deficits and developmental delay at increased rates. HIV affects the brain during critical periods of development, and the brain may be a persistent reservoir for HIV due to suboptimal blood brain barrier penetration of cART. We conducted structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) and cognitive testing in 40 PHIV youth (mean age=16.7 years) recruited from the NIH Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS) who are part of the first generation of PHIV youth surviving into adulthood...
January 9, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089483/patterns-of-failure-after-radiotherapy-for-pediatric-patients-with-intracranial-ependymoma
#20
Fatima Tensaouti, Anne Ducassou, Léonor Chaltiel, Stéphanie Bolle, Xavier Muracciole, Bernard Coche-Dequeant, Claire Alapetite, Valérie Bernier, Line Claude, Stéphane Supiot, Aymeri Huchet, Christine Kerr, Elisabeth le Prisé, Anne Laprie
PURPOSE: To investigate the patterns of failure after radiotherapy for pediatric intracranial ependymoma and their correlation with dose parameters. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2013, 206 patients were treated in France. MRI scans at relapse were registered to the original planning CTs for topographic analysis of failure patterns. To compare relapse patients (RP) with non relapse patients (NRP), several dose parameters were derived from dose volume histograms. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 53...
January 12, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
keyword
keyword
56211
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"