keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric intoeing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045974/-echocardiographic-diagnosis-of-infracardiac-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection
#1
S T Ren, Y Wang, J H Zhou, J Long, C H Wang, D B Li, Y Z Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical usefulness of echocardiography in the diagnosis of infracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (ITAPVC) in neonates and infants. METHODS: Retrospective analysis on 8 patients with ITAPVC was performed using echocardiography between April 2006 and December 2016. There were 4 boys and 4 girls with a mean age of 79.8 days (ranging from 15 to 195 days). A combined scanning via parasternal, subcostal and apical acoustic windows had been employed to diagnose ITAPVC and to trace the course and site of the anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, and to confirm the direction of the inter-atrial shunt and enlargement of right atrium and right ventricle...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044803/impact-of-pediatric-obesity-on-acute-asthma-exacerbation-in-japan
#2
Yusuke Okubo, Nobuaki Michihata, Koichi Yoshida, Naho Morisaki, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND: Asthma and obesity are common health problems in children. This study investigated the impact of obesity on children hospitalized with acute asthma exacerbation. METHODS: We obtained the hospital discharge records of inpatients aged 3-8 years with a diagnosis of asthma using a national inpatient database in Japan. The patients were classified into underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese groups using weight for height and body mass index for age provided by the World Health Organization...
October 18, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044202/the-effects-of-exoskeleton-assisted-knee-extension-on-lower-extremity-gait-kinematics-kinetics-and-muscle-activity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Zachary F Lerner, Diane L Damiano, Thomas C Bulea
Individuals with cerebral palsy often exhibit crouch gait, a debilitating and inefficient walking pattern marked by excessive knee flexion that worsens with age. To address the need for improved treatment, we sought to evaluate if providing external knee extension assistance could reduce the excessive burden placed on the knee extensor muscles as measured by knee moments. We evaluated a novel pediatric exoskeleton designed to provide appropriately-timed extensor torque to the knee joint during walking in a multi-week exploratory clinical study...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044060/interocular-symmetry-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-and-optic-nerve-head-parameters-measured-by-cirrus-high-definition-optical-coherence-tomography-in-a-normal-pediatric-population
#4
Neelam Pawar, Devendra Maheshwari, Meenakshi Ravindran, Renagappa Ramakrishnan
PURPOSE: To determine interocular differences in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and optic nerve head (ONH) parameters in a pediatric population using Cirrus high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT). METHODS: Seventy normal Indian children aged 5-17 years presenting to the Pediatric Clinic were included in this observational cross-sectional study. All subjects underwent a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination and an evaluation of the RNFL and ONH by Cirrus HD-OCT...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043153/developmental-psychopathology-a-primer-for-clinical-pediatrics
#5
REVIEW
Robert Eme
Developmental psychopathology (DP), broadly defined as the scientific discipline that has as its primary goal the integration of developmental science and psychopathology into a coherent approach to explanatory models for psychopathological development, has become the dominant approach in the past decade for understanding the origins of mental disorders among children and adolescents. Hence, it is incumbent upon those working in the field of clinical pediatrics to have at least a basic understanding of its core principles of DP...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042869/clinical-characteristics-of-hypertensive-encephalopathy-in-pediatric-patients
#6
Chang Hoon Ahn, Seung-A Han, Young Hwa Kong, Sun Jun Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics of hypertensive encephalopathy according to the underlying etiologies in children. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 33 pediatric patients who were diagnosed as having hypertensive encephalopathy in Chonbuk National University Children's Hospital. Among the patients, 18 were excluded because of incomplete data or because brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was not performed. Finally, 17 patients were enrolled and divided into a renal-origin hypertension group and a non-renal-origin hypertension group according to the underlying cause...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042716/effectiveness-of-behavioral-vaccine-on-the-oral-health-of-children-in-komarapalayam-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#7
N Umamaheswari, Sharath Asokan, S Thangakumaran
BACKGROUND: Oral health education and promotion have emerged as a strong force against the traditional, dominant, and curative model of health practice. In pediatric dentistry, the utilization of an entertaining, easy to understand, and practical educational material is warranted. Behavioral vaccine is a simple, scientifically proven practice that is repeated to increase well-being. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of conventional (instructional) dental hygiene program and "Good Behavior Game" (GBG) (contingency dental hygiene program - a behavioral vaccine) on the practice of oral hygiene among 5-7-year-old schoolchildren...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042698/evaluating-low-kv-dual-source-ct-angiography-by-high-pitch-spiral-acquisition-and-iterative-reconstruction-in-pediatric-congenital-heart-disease-patients
#8
Yohei Marukawa, Shuhei Sato, Takashi Tanaka, Akihiro Tada, Yuichiro Kanie, Susumu Kanazawa
We retrospectively evaluated the qualities of pediatric cardiovascular dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) images reconstructed by sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE) and filtered back projection (FBP). We analyzed the cases of 287 congenital heart disease (CHD) patients < 5 years old, referred to our department in August 2013-March 2015. We divided them into two groups according to tube voltage (70 kVp, n=147; 80 kVp, n=140). All images were acquired by a CARE kV system and reconstructed by FBP and SAFIRE...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042343/systems-based-training-in-graduate-medical-education-for-service-learning-in-the-state-legislature-in-the-united-states-pilot-study
#9
Shikhar H Shah, Maureen D Clark, Kimberly Hu, Jalene A Shoener, Joshua Fogel, William C Kling, James Ronayne
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of advocacy training in graduate medical education in the United States. To address this void, the Legislative Education and Advocacy Development (LEAD) course was developed as an interprofessional experience, partnering a cohort of pediatrics residents, fourth-year medical students, and public health students to be trained in evidence-informed health policy making. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the usefulness and acceptability of a service-based legislative advocacy course...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040012/outcome-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-children-with-down-syndrome-polish-pediatric-leukemia-and-lymphoma-study-group-report
#10
Joanna Zawitkowska, Teresa Odój, Katarzyna Drabko, Agnieszka Zaucha-Prażmo, Julia Rudnicka, Michał Romiszewski, Michał Matysiak, Kinga Kwiecińska, Magdalena Ćwiklińska, Walentyna Balwierz, Joanna Owoc-Lempach, Katarzyna Derwich, Jacek Wachowiak, Maciej Niedźwiecki, Elżbieta Adamkiewicz-Drożyńska, Joanna Trelińska, Wojciech Młynarski, Andrzej Kołtan, Mariusz Wysocki, Renata Tomaszewska, Tomasz Szczepański, Marcin Płonowski, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Tomasz Ociepa, Tomasz Urasiński, Agnieszka Mizia-Malarz, Grażyna Sobol-Milejska, Grażyna Karolczyk, Jerzy Kowalczyk
Children with Down syndrome (DS) have a 20-fold increased risk of developing leukemia compared with the general population. The aim of the study was to analyze the outcome of patients diagnosed with Down syndrome and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in Poland between the years 2003 and 2010. A total of 1848 children were diagnosed with ALL (810 females and 1038 males). Of those, 41 (2.2%) had DS. The children were classified into three risk groups: a standard-risk group-14 patients, an intermediate-risk group-24, a high-risk group-3...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039487/functional-analysis-of-hoxa10-and-hoxb4-in-human-medulloblastoma-cell-lines
#11
Ricardo Bonfim-Silva, Fernanda Ursoli Ferreira Melo, Carolina Hassibe Thomé, Kuruvilla Joseph Abraham, Fábio Augusto Labre De Souza, Fernando Silva Ramalho, Hélio Rubens Machado, Ricardo Santos De Oliveira, Angelo A Cardoso, Dimas Tadeu Covas, Aparecida Maria Fontes
Medulloblastoma (MB) is a malignant childhood brain tumor which at molecular level is classified into at least four major subtypes: WNT, SHH, group C and group D differing in response to treatment. Previous studies have associated changes in expression levels and activation of certain HOX genes with MB development. In the present study, we investigate the role of HOX genes in two attributes acquired by tumor cells: migration and proliferation potential, as well as, in vivo tumorigenic potential. We analyzed UW402, UW473, DAOY and ONS-76 human pediatric MB cell lines and cerebellum primary cultures...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039368/connecting-parents-to-a-pediatric-emergency-department-designing-a-mobile-app-based-on-patient-centred-care-principles
#12
Frederic Ehrler, Johan N Siebert, Jessica Rochat, Franck Schneider, Annick Galetto, Alain Gervaix, Christian Lovis
INTRODUCTION: Patient centred care fosters a holistic approach of care switching the focus from a disease perspective to a patient's experience perspective. Patient centred care is of particular importance in the context of paediatric emergency medicine. Indeed, parents entering a paediatric emergency department (PED) are usually under stress caused by their children's illness, the unfamiliar setting of the PED and delays of care. All these factors can deteriorate their experience as well as the relationships between healthcare providers, the patients and their parents...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039345/validation-of-transition-readiness-assessment-questionaire-in-turkish-adolescents-with-diabetes
#13
Evrim Kızıler, Dilek Yıldız, Berna Eren Fidancı
BACKGROUND: Today, more than 90% of adolescents with chronic conditions are surviving into adulthood and move pediatric to adult care with their chronic illness. It is important to gain autonomy and ensure readiness for adolescents/ young adults to use the adult health care system prior to the transfer of care. However, the lack of the transition readiness assessment tool which is validated, patient-centered and appropriate to developmental differences in pediatric care is seen a major obstacle for transition of care from pediatric to adult services...
October 17, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039050/the-protective-effect-of-fish-oil-lipid-emulsions-on-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-in-a-rat-model-of-short-bowel-syndrome
#14
Seiro Machigashira, Tatsuru Kaji, Shun Onishi, Waka Yamada, Keisuke Yano, Koji Yamada, Ryuta Masuya, Takafumi Kawano, Kazuhiko Nakame, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Pediatric patients with intestinal failure need long-term parenteral nutrition (PN), but this nutritional support causes liver dysfunction, such as intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). Several studies have shown that the lipid emulsion produced by soybean oil (SO) is associated with the occurrence of IFALD. In this study, we evaluated the effect of SO and fish oil (FO) lipid emulsion on hepatic steatosis. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent jugular vein catheterization and were divided into three groups: sham operation with normal chow (Sham group), 80% small bowel resection (80% SBR) + TPN with SO lipid emulsion (SO group), and 80% SBR + TPN with FO lipid emulsion (FO group)...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038859/refashioned-lamb-tissue-as-an-animal-model-for-training-complex-techniques-of-laryngotracheal-stenosis-surgery
#15
Lluís Nisa, Pedro Teiga, Gustavo Barreto da Cunha, Biswanath Roy, Riza Onder Gunaydin, Kishore Sandu
Open reconstructive upper airway surgery for laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS), whether for subglottic or tracheal stenosis, constitutes a group of complex approaches. LTS requiring open reconstruction is overall rare and primarily performed at tertiary centres. This poses an obvious challenge for the acquisition and maintenance of surgical skills for this group of complex approaches. In this context, animal models provide a unique opportunity for open reconstructive airway surgery training. Such models ought to take into consideration ethical aspects, be easily available and easy to maintain, and have similar macroscopic anatomical features to the human laryngotracheal frame...
October 16, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037772/family-health-conversations-at-a-pediatric-oncology-center-a-way-for-families-to-rebalance-the-situation
#16
Sonja Marklund, Eva Sjödin Eriksson, Viveca Lindh, Britt-Inger Saveman
PURPOSE: The study aimed to describe and understand adult family members' experiences of participating in a Family Health Conversation (FamHC) when a child is diagnosed with cancer. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twelve individual interviews were performed with adult family members who had participated in a FamHC. During the interviews each interviewee was a spokesman for his or her respective family. Thereby the family was included as a system. The interviews were analyzed using a hermeneutic approach...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037451/-city-hospital-network-and-quality-control-of-officinal-preparations
#17
C Curti, S Gallice, E Lamy, P Rathelot, P Vanelle
OBJECTIVES: In a hospital environment, the quality control of the hospital preparations allows to release homogeneous batches in a secure way. These controls are totally integrated into the process of production and can also, in certain cases, be realized for high-alert magistral preparations. In community pharmacy, these controls were not required, but the Agence régionale de santé (ARS) recently incited compounding community pharmacies to realize this type of analyses. This decision motivated the creation of a collaboration between the pharmacy department of a French teaching hospital and a society including around thirty community pharmacies having a preparatory...
October 13, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037091/an-anthropometric-survey-of-u-s-preterm-and-full-term-neonates
#18
Susan M Abdel-Rahman, Ian M Paul, Paula Delmore, Laura James, Laura Fearn, Andrew M Atz, Brenda B Poindexter, Amira Al-Uzri, Andrew Lewandowski, Barrie L Harper, P Brian Smith
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric data prove valuable for screening and monitoring various medical conditions. In young infants, however, only weight, length and head circumference are represented in publically accessible databases. AIM: To characterise length and circumferential measures in preterm and full-term infants up to 90 days postnatal age. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In eight U.S. medical centres, trained raters recorded humeral, ulnar, femoral, tibial, and fibular lengths along with mid-upper arm, mid-thigh, chest, abdominal, and neck circumference...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036598/global-dna-methylation-analysis-reveals-mir-214-3p-contributes-to-cisplatin-resistance-in-pediatric-intracranial-nongerminomatous-malignant-germ-cell-tumors
#19
Tsung-Han Hsieh, Yun-Ru Liu, Ting-Yu Chang, Muh-Lii Liang, Hsin-Hung Chen, Hsei-Wei Wang, Yun Yen, Tai-Tong Wong
Background: Pediatric central nervous system germ cell tumors (CNSGCTs) are rare and heterogeneous neoplasms, and they can be divided into germinomas and nongerminomatous GCTs (NGGCTs). NGGCTs are further subdivided into mature teratomas and nongerminomatous malignant GCTs (NGMGCTs). Clinical outcomes suggest that NGMGCTs have poor prognosis and survival, and that they require more extensive radiotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy. However, the mechanisms underlying this difference are still unclear...
October 3, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035967/pediatric-clinical-handover-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#20
Zhuowen Yu, Yuxia Zhang, Ying Gu, Xiaofeng Xu, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Communication of information between and among healthcare providers is an essential element of patient care. Poor clinical handover has been associated with inaccurate clinical assessment and diagnosis, delays in diagnosis, medication errors and decreased patient satisfaction. Effective and efficient transition of patient care information requires an evidence-based handover approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this evidence implementation project was to make a contribution to promote evidence-based practice in clinical handover in a pediatric setting and thereby enhance patient safety and service delivery...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
keyword
keyword
56210
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"