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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470313/injustice-perceptions-about-pain-parent-child-discordance-is-associated-with-worse-functional-outcomes
#1
Megan M Miller, David Wuest, Amy E Williams, Eric L Scott, Zina Trost, Adam T Hirsh
Pain is experienced in and influenced by social environments. For children with chronic pain, the child-parent relationship and parental beliefs about pain are particularly important and may influence pain outcomes. Pain-related injustice perceptions have recently been identified as an important cognitive-emotional factor for children with pain. The current study aimed to better understand the pain-related injustice perceptions of children with chronic pain and their parents. The sample consisted of 253 pediatric chronic pain patients (mean age=14...
February 20, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470284/evolving-practice-and-changing-phenotype-in-pediatric-autoimmune-liver-disease-outcomes-from-an-australian-center
#2
Harveen Singh, Fariha Balouch, Charlton Noble, Peter Lewindon
OBJECTIVES: Autoimmune liver disease (AILD) incorporates primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC). ASC is a condition that includes overlap of AIH and PSC. We investigate changes in practice in relation to diagnosis and phenotype over 2 time periods. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted from January 2000 to 2016. Data were divided into two 8-year cohorts, CI and C2. RESULTS: Data were collected in 75 children, 29 in 2000-2007 (C1) and 46 in 2008-2016 (C2)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469935/are-children-with-chronic-illnesses-requiring-dietary-therapy-at-risk-for-disordered-eating-or-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Jenny H Conviser, Sheehan D Fisher, Susanna A McColley
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric chronic illnesses (CI) can affect a child's mental health. Chronic illnesses with treatment regimens that specify a therapeutic diet may place the child at increased risk for disordered eating and specific eating disorders (ED). The aim of this review is to examine the relation between diet-treated CI and disordered eating and to determine the order of onset to infer directionality. Diet-treated CI is hypothesized to precede and to be associated with disordered eating...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469704/congenital-juvenile-xanthogranuloma-with-ulceration-a-pediatric-case-report
#4
Mary E Logue, Hillary Elwood, Aimee Smidt
Congenital juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is an uncommon diagnosis and even more rarely presents with ulceration. We report such a case in a two-week-old girl. Biopsy was performed to rule out any concerning entities. Adequate treatment was provided with topical petrolatum and occasional miconozole or zinc oxide; the mass spontaneously regressed. Because congenital JXG has an excellent prognosis, insight into unique presentations such as this may provide useful information and avoid unnecessary surgical interventions...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468624/factors-associated-with-preparedness-of-the-us-healthcare-system-to-respond-to-a-pediatric-surge-during-an-infectious-disease-pandemic-is-our-nation-prepared
#5
Christy Anthony, Tito Joe Thomas, Bridget M Berg, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey S Upperman
OBJECTIVE: Recent incidents have demonstrated that the US health system is unprepared for infectious pandemics resulting in a pediatric surge. Development of efficient plans and a structured and coordinated regional response to pediatric pandemic surge remains an opportunity. To address this gap, we conducted a literature review to assess current efforts, propose a response plan structure, and recommend policy actions. DESIGN: A literature review, utilizing MEDLINE and PubMed, through March 2017 identified articles regarding infectious disease pandemics affecting the US pediatric population...
October 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468383/effect-of-levocarnitine-on-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-conventional-therapy-in-children-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-results-of-a-randomized-trial-in-29-children
#6
Yuwen Wang, Yi Xu, Runmei Zou, Lijia Wu, Ping Liu, Hong Yang, Zhenwu Xie, Cheng Wang
BACKGROUND: The effect of levocarnitine supplementation has not been evaluated in children with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of oral levocarnitine supplementation in pediatric patients with DCM. METHODS: Twenty-nine children with DCM (17 male, 12 female, aged 1 month to 13 years) were divided into two groups according to a simple randomization: control group (n = 10) and experimental group (n = 19)...
February 21, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465419/assessment-of-pcxmc-for-patients-with-different-body-size-in-chest-and-abdominal-x-ray-examinations-a-monte-carlo-simulation-study
#7
David Borrego, Erin M Lowe, Cari M Kitahara, Choonsik Lee
A PC Program for X ray Monte Carlo (PCXMC) has been used to calculate organ doses in patient dosimetry and for the exposure assessment in epidemiological studies of ra- diogenic health related risks. This study compared the dosimetry from using the built-in stylized phantoms in the PCXMC to that of a newer hybrid phantom library with improved anatomical realism. We simulated chest and abdominal x ray projections for 146 unique body size computational phantoms, 77 males and 69 females, with different combinations of height (125 - 180 cm) and weight (20 - 140 kg) using the built-in stylized phantoms in the PCXMC version 2...
February 21, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465415/dose-coefficients-for-children-and-young-adolescents-exposed-to-external-neutron-fields
#8
Keith Tchadwick Griffin, Matthew Mille, Choonsik Lee
The risks associated with exposure to external fields of ionizing radiation are important to quantify to provide guidance towards public and worker protection. In Publication 116 of 2010, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) published adult male and female fluence-to-dose coefficients (henceforth referred to as dose coefficients) for external exposures to six types of idealized neutron fields. However, ICRP 116 dose coefficients are not appropriate for applications involving children due to their smaller body weight and stature...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465276/clinician-perspectives-and-experiences-in-the-prescription-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Kyra Kane, Patricia Manns, Joel Lanovaz, Kristin Musselman
PURPOSE: Physiotherapists, orthotists, and physicians are involved in the prescription of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) for children with cerebral palsy (CP); however, little is known about how prescription decisions are made in practice. Therefore, the study objective was to identify current AFO prescription and clinical decision-making practices for children with CP in Canada. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted in five pediatric rehabilitation facilities, with 32 clinicians...
February 21, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465250/continuous-esomeprazole-infusion-versus-bolus-administration-and-second-look-endoscopy-for-the-prevention-of-rebleeding-in-children-with-a-peptic-ulcer
#10
Oana Belei, Laura Olariu, Maria Puiu, Cristian Jinca, Cristina Dehelean, Tamara Marcovici, Otilia Marginean
INTRODUCTION: the majority of studies of acute gastrointestinal bleeding in children are retrospective, focusing on therapeutic endoscopy. Previous studies performed in adult patients have demonstrated that both scheduled second look endoscopy and high dose continuous omeprazole infusion are effective in the prevention of peptic ulcer rebleeding. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of these two strategies using esomeprazole for the prevention of rebleeding following primary endoscopic hemostasis in children with peptic ulcers...
February 21, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465152/inter-and-intra-interviewer-reliability-of-italian-version-of-pediatric-evaluation-of-disability-inventory-i-pedi
#11
M Murgia, A Bernetti, M Delicata, C Massetti, E M Achilli, M Mangone, F Ioppolo, L Di Sante, V Santilli, G Galeoto, F Agostini, T Venditto
BACKGROUND: Childhood disabilities determine a range of immediate and long-term economic costs that have important implications for the well-being of the child, the family and the society. The Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) measures capability and performance in children aged between 6 months and 7.5 years. It contains three scales: Functional Skills Scales (FSS), Caregiver Assistance Scale (CAS) and Modifications Scale (MS). The present study evaluated the measurement properties of the Italian version of the PEDI (PEDI-I) in patients with spastic cerebral palsy (CP)...
March 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465044/antimicrobial-effect-of-toothpastes-containing-fluoride-xylitol-or-xylitol-probiotic-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-and-lactobacillus-in-children
#12
E A Maden, C Altun, B Ozmen, F Basak
Aim: This in vivo study was designed to compare the antimicrobial effect of toothpastes containing fluoride, xylitol, or xylitol-probiotic on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus in 13-15-year-old children. Materials and Methods: The study consisted of 60 pediatric patients who were randomly divided into three groups of 20 each. Group 1 recieved fluoride toothpaste (Colgate Max Fresh), group 2 used xylitol toothpaste (Xyliwhite), and group 3 used xylitol-probiotic toothpaste (PerioBiotic)...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464759/urine-waste-product-or-biologically-active-tissue
#13
(no author information available yet)
AIMS: Historically, urine has been viewed primarily as a waste product with little biological role in the overall health of an individual. Increasingly, data suggest that urine plays a role in human health beyond waste excretion. For example, urine might act as an irritant and contribute to symptoms through interaction with-and potential compromise of-the urothelium. METHODS: To explore the concept that urine may be a vehicle for agents with potential or occult bioactivity and to discuss existing evidence and novel research questions that may yield insight into such a role, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease invited experts in the fields of comparative evolutionary physiology, basic science, nephrology, urology, pediatrics, metabolomics, and proteomics (among others) to a Urinology Think Tank meeting on February 9, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464173/temporomandibular-joint-septic-arthritis
#14
Gianfranco Frojo, Kashyap Komarraju Tadisina, Vilaas Shetty, Alexander Y Lin
Infection of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare pediatric condition resulting from the introduction of pathogens into the joint by hematogenous seeding, local extension, or trauma. Early recognition of the typical signs and symptoms including fever, trismus, preauricular swelling, and TMJ region tenderness are critical in order to initiate further evaluation and prevent feared complications of fibrosis, ankylosis, abnormal facial structure, or persistence of symptoms. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography with ancillary laboratory analysis including erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and white blood cell count are beneficial in confirming the suspected diagnosis and monitoring response to therapy...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463553/concurrent-inhibition-of-neurosphere-and-monolayer-cells-of-pediatric-glioblastoma-by-aurora-a-inhibitor-mln8237-predicted-survival-extension-in-pdox-models
#15
Xiao-Nan Li, Mari Kogiso, Lin Qi, Frank K Braun, Sarah G Injac, Linna Zhang, Yuchen Du, Huiyuan Zhang, Frank Y Lin, Sibo Zhao, Holly Lindsay, Jack Mf Su, Patricia A Baxter, Adekunle M Adesina, Debra Liao, Mark G Qian, Stacey L Berg, Jodi Muscal
PURPOSE: Pediatric glioblastoma (pGBM) is highly aggressive tumor in need of novel therapies. Our objective was to demonstrate the therapeutic efficacy of MLN8237 (Alisertib), an orally available selective inhibitor of Aurora A kinase (AURKA), and to evaluate which in vitro model system (monolayer or neurosphere) can predict therapeutic efficacy in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: AURKA mRNA expressions were screened with qRT-PCR. In vitro anti-tumor effects were examined in 3 matching pairs of monolayer and neurosphere lines established from patient derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) models of the untreated (IC-4687GBM), recurrent (IC-372GBM) and terminal (IC-R0315GBM) tumors; and in vivo therapeutic efficacy through log rank analysis of survival times in 2 models (IC-4687GBM and IC-R0315GBM) following MLN8237 treatment (30 mg/kg/day, p...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461749/-persistant-fevers-of-infectious-origin-in-children
#16
Marie Rohr, Noémie Wagner
Prolonged fevers in children are a regular challenge for the paediatrician or any physician caring for these children (emergency physicians, pediatric infectious diseases specialists). The causes are multiple, classified into three major families : infectious, inflammatory and oncological. Infectious causes are the most common and account for more than 50 % of cases. The objective of this review is to guide physicians in charge of these patients throughout their management by focusing on the quest of infectious causes...
February 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461450/utility-of-the-performance-of-lumbar-puncture-for-febrile-children-with-status-epilepticus-in-the-bacterial-conjugate-vaccine-era
#17
Haro Kaoru, Ryota Igarashi, Takayuki Hoshina, Masumi Kojiro, Koichi Kusuhara
BACKGROUND: The necessity of lumbar puncture for the differentiation of central nervous system (CNS) infection in children with febrile status epilepticus (FSE) remains controversial. The aim of the present study is to investigate the diagnostic necessity of lumbar puncture for children with FSE after the introduction of bacterial conjugate vaccines into the infant immunization program. METHODS: Our retrospective cohort study was performed in children aged 6 to 60 months who were admitted to the pediatric ward at Kitakyushu General Hospital from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2015 for seizures with fever...
February 15, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461291/fifty-years-of-burn-care-at-shriners-hospitals-for-children-galveston
#18
Karel D Čapek, Derek M Culnan, Manubhai H Desai, David N Herndon
More than 50 years ago, Shriners Hospitals for Children expanded their philanthropy to include care for burned children. In so doing, the effects of their work weightily expanded from rehabilitation and quality of life outcomes to include survival proper. As the first facility dedicated to the care of burned children, originally designated the Shriners Burn Institute, the Galveston hospital remains the cornerstone of this endeavor. Shriners maintains charitable pediatric hospitals, provide care irrespective of the patient's or the family's ability to pay, and promote research...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460159/management-of-esophageal-food-impaction-varies-among-gastroenterologists-and-affects-identification-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#19
Girish Hiremath, Michael F Vaezi, Sandeep K Gupta, Sari Acra, Evan S Dellon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Esophageal food impaction (EFI) is a gastrointestinal emergency requiring immediate evaluation in the emergency room (ER) and an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for disimpaction. EFI is also a distinct presenting feature of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). This study aimed at understanding the management of EFI among gastroenterologists (GIs) and estimated its impact on identification of EoE in USA. METHODS: GIs associated with three major gastroenterology societies based in USA were invited to participate in a web-based survey...
February 20, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459526/-the-course-of-asthma-symptoms-in-japanese-children-the-first-report-from-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Akira Akasawa, Hiroko Watanabe, Mayumi Furukawa, Mari Sasaki, Koichi Yoshida, Hiroshi Odajima, Motohiro Ebisawa, Takao Fujisawa
BACKGROUND: The use of asthma control guidelines and anti-inflammatory drugs have significantly decreased the number of severe asthma cases including death from asthma. However, there are few prospective cohort studies among pediatric asthma patients in Japan describing the course of asthma symptoms with the treatment taken into consideration. METHOD: We recruited a total of 851 children diagnosed with asthma through 90 hospitals and clinics in 2004 to 2006. Questionnaires were posted annually to collect data on their asthma symptoms, treatment and environmental exposures...
2018: Arerugī, [Allergy]
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