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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924663/emergency-department-visits-by-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-compared-with-pediatric-cancer-patients-in-the-united-states
#1
Sapna Kaul, Heidi Russell, John A Livingston, Anne C Kirchhoff, Daniel Jupiter
PURPOSE: Limited information exists on emergency department (ED) visits for adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer. We examined the clinical reasons for ED visits, and outcomes, for AYAs with cancer compared to pediatric cancer patients. METHODS: The 2013 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample data were used to identify 53,274 AYA (ages 15-39) and 6952 pediatric (ages 0-14) cancer ED visits. We evaluated patient (i.e., demographic and diagnosis) and hospital characteristics, and the ED event outcome (admitted to the same hospital or treated/released)...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924000/calcified-inferior-vena-cava-and-right-atrial-myxoma-in-an-18-month-old-male-a-case-report
#2
Renwei Chen, Xicheng Deng, Jinwen Luo, Peng Huang
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac myxomas are the most frequent primary cardiac tumor in adults. The incidence in pediatric patients is extremely low. Heavy calcification of an atrial myxoma is uncommon in children. CASE PRESENTATION: An 18-month-old boy was admitted for a significant precordial systolic murmur. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a cardiac mass extending from the inferior vena cava across the right atrium and tricuspid valve into the right ventricle with severe tricuspid regurgitation...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923935/comparison-of-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality-in-classic-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-events-using-video-review
#3
Mahsheed Taeb, Amanda B Levin, Michael C Spaeder, Jamie M Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality in classic cardiopulmonary resuscitation versus extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation events using video recordings of actual pediatric cardiac arrest events. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective, observational trial. SETTING: Tertiary-care pediatric teaching hospital, cardiac ICU. PATIENTS: All patients admitted to the pediatric cardiac ICU with cardiopulmonary resuscitation events lasting greater than 2 minutes captured on video...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923773/how-should-we-assess-glycemic-variability-in-type-1-diabetes-contribution-of-principal-component-analysis-for-interstitial-glucose-indices-in-142-children
#4
Sophie Guilmin-Crépon, Jean-Claude Carel, Julien Schroedt, Erwan Scornet, Corinne Alberti, Nadia Tubiana-Rufi
BACKGROUND: Glycemic variability (GV) can be used to assess glycemic control in diabetes, but there is no clear consensus concerning the methods to use for its assessment. Methodological differences have resulted in differences in the outcome of GV metrics used in research studies, controversies over clinical impact, and an absence of integration into routine care. AIM: To identify the indicators of GV most meaningful for clinicians, patients, and clinical researchers...
June 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922282/cord-blood-cd8-t-cells-have-a-natural-propensity-to-express-il-4-in-a-fatty-acid-metabolism-and-caspase-activation-dependent-manner
#5
Yuxia Zhang, Jovana Maksimovic, Bing Huang, David Peter De Souza, Gaetano Naselli, Huan Chen, Li Zhang, Kai Weng, Hanquan Liang, Yanhui Xu, John M Wentworth, Nicholas D Huntington, Alicia Oshlack, Sitang Gong, Axel Kallies, Peter Vuillermin, Min Yang, Leonard C Harrison
How T cells differentiate in the neonate may critically determine the ability of the infant to cope with infections, respond to vaccines and avert allergies. Previously, we found that naïve cord blood CD4+ T cells differentiated toward an IL-4-expressing phenotype when activated in the presence of TGF-β and monocyte-derived inflammatory cytokines, the latter are more highly secreted by infants who developed food allergy. Here, we show that in the absence of IL-2 or IL-12, naïve cord blood CD8+ T cells have a natural propensity to differentiate into IL-4-producing non-classic TC 2 cells when they are activated alone, or in the presence of TGF-β and/or inflammatory cytokines...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921582/rpp29-regulates-histone-h3-3-chromatin-assembly-through-transcriptional-mechanisms
#6
Prashanth Krishna Shastrula, Peder J Lund, Benjamin A Garcia, Susan M Janicki
The histone H3 variant, H3.3, is a highly conserved and dynamic regulator of chromatin organization.  Therefore, fully elucidating its nucleosome incorporation mechanisms is essential to understanding its functions in epigenetic inheritance.  We previously identified the RNase P protein subunit, Rpp29, as a repressor of H3.3 chromatin assembly.  Here, we use a biochemical assay to show that Rpp29 interacts with H3.3 through a sequence element in its own N-terminus, and we identify a novel interaction with histone H2B at an adjacent site...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921071/-auditory-development-in-1%C3%AF-5-years-prelingual-hearing-loss-children-after-cochlear-implantation
#7
Y Ma, Y Zheng, G Li, T Lu, M Nie
Objective: To study the early prelingual auditory development in the pediatric cochlear implant(CI) recipients from 1 years old to 5 years old. Method: The study was designed as retrospectively. A total of 103 children with profound prelingual sensorineural hearing loss were included in this study. All participants were divided into four groups as 1-2 yr,>2-3 yr,>3-4 yr and >4-5 yr,according to the age of cochlear implantation. The scores of IT-MAIS/MAIS(total scores,sound detection scores and sound recognition scores)before implantation(or at switch-on)and 3,6,12 months after implantation were analyzed with Mixed linear model...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921053/-analysis-of-genotypes-and-audiological-characteristics-of-children-with-slc26a4-gene-pathogenic-mutations
#8
X L Zhao, L H Huang, X Y Wang, Yt DU, Xl Wang, X H Cheng, L P Zhao, Y Li
Objective: To explore the correlation of SLC26A4 genotype and audiology. Method: The subjects were 70 children aged 0 to 7 years old, who were admitted to otological outpatient department.All subjects received nine crystal hereditary deafness gene chip and confirmed by (or)SLC26A4 gene full coding region detection.The patients were diagnosed as homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations.At the same time,acoustic immittance,auditory brainstem response, auditory steady state response and pediatric behavior audiometry, newborn hearing screening and other audiological tests were displayed...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920988/pbpk-model-of-morphine-incorporating-developmental-changes-in-hepatic-oct1-and-ugt2b7-proteins-to-explain-the-variability-in-clearances-in-neonates-and-small-infants
#9
Chie Emoto, Trevor N Johnson, Sibylle Neuhoff, David Hahn, Alexander A Vinks, Tsuyoshi Fukuda
Morphine has large pharmacokinetic variability, which is further complicated by developmental changes in neonates and small infants. The impacts of organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1) genotype and changes in blood-flow on morphine clearance (CL) were previously demonstrated in children, whereas changes in UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7) activity showed a small effect. This study, targeting neonates and small infants, was designed to assess the influence of developmental changes in OCT1 and UGT2B7 protein expression and modified blood-flow on morphine CL using physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling...
June 19, 2018: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920880/effect-of-cyp3a5-1-expression-on-tacrolimus-required-dose-for-transplant-pediatrics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Fatemeh Hendijani, Negar Azarpira, Maryam Kaviani
This systematic review was designed to find out optimal tacrolimus dose in pediatrics according to their CYP3A5*1 genotype by performing meta-analysis. PubMed, Scopus, ISI web of Science, ProQuest, Cochrane library, and clinicaltrail.gov were systematically searched to find studies in which tacrolimus dose and/or blood concentration and/or concentration-to-dose (C/D) ratio were determined in genotype groups of CYP3A5*1 in pediatric population. Data were extracted at 14 time points post-transplantation and meta-analysis of mean and SD was performed...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920157/utilizing-community-health-needs-assessments-chnas-in-nonprofit-hospitals-to-guide-population-centered-outcomes-research-for-pediatric-patients-new-recommendations-for-chna-reporting
#11
Joshua B Gruber, Weize Wang, Alexandra Quittner, Daria Salyakina, Jennifer McCafferty-Fernandez
Currently, Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA) reports lack a standard structure, making it difficult to derive meaningful information. However, they have the potential to be a useful tool for analyzing pediatric outcomes, guiding resource allocation, and linking to Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute priorities. The objective was to evaluate the utility of CHNA for informing future pediatric, patient-centered outcomes research. The authors analyzed CHNA documents, published before July 1, 2016 by 61 nonprofit hospitals, focusing on 4 metropolitan areas in Florida: Miami, Orlando, Tampa, and Jacksonville...
June 19, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917225/psychological-treatments-for-adults-and-children-with-epilepsy-evidence-based-recommendations-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-psychology-task-force
#12
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Laura H Goldstein, Markus Reuber, William Curt LaFrance, Tobias Lundgren, Avani C Modi, Janelle L Wagner
Given the significant impact that psychosocial factors and epilepsy treatments can have on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of individuals with epilepsy and their families, there is great clinical interest in the role of psychological evaluation and treatments to improve HRQOL and comorbidities. Therefore, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) charged the Psychology Task Force with the development of recommendations for clinical care based on evaluation of the evidence from their recent Cochrane review of psychological treatments in individuals with epilepsy...
June 19, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917092/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-intervention-studies-on-the-effectiveness-of-long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#13
Kathy Musa-Veloso, Carolina Venditti, Han Youl Lee, Maryse Darch, Seth Floyd, Spencer West, Ryan Simon
Context: Treatment options for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are needed. Objective: The aim of this review was to systematically assess the effects of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs), particularly eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, on liver-related and metabolic outcomes in adult and pediatric patients with NAFLD. Data Sources: The online information service ProQuest Dialog was used to search 8 literature databases...
June 15, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917007/changes-in-the-practice-of-pediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons-over-the-past-decade-analysis-of-the-database-of-the-american-board-of-orthopaedic-surgery
#14
Pooya Hosseinzadeh, Clarabelle A DeVries, Ena Nielsen, Lindsay A Andras, Megan Mignemi, Jeffrey R Sawyer, John M Flynn, Stephen A Albanese
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the number of the graduates of pediatric orthopaedic fellowship programs over the past decade creating the potential for increased competition in the field. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of increased number of pediatric orthopaedic fellowship graduates on case volume as well as the type of procedures performed by recent graduates of pediatric orthopaedic fellowship programs from 2004 to 2014. METHODS: Case logs submitted for the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Part II examination by applicants with the self-declared subspecialty of pediatric orthopaedics from 2004 to 2014 were analyzed...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916950/obesity-does-not-impact-early-outcomes-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-crohn-s-disease
#15
Animesh Jain, Josh Bricker, Michael D Kappleman, Jennifer L Dotson
The impact of obesity on pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) remains poorly characterized. We aimed to evaluate disease related outcomes in overweight and obese children with CD, compared to normal weight children. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children with newly diagnosed CD enrolled in the ImproveCareNow (ICN) Network. Patients were stratified into normal weight, overweight and obese groups using standardized weight percentiles. A total of 898 children were included, with 87 children (10%) being overweight and 43 children (5%) being obese; baseline characteristics were similar between groups...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915780/gastrostomy-tube-insertion-in-pediatric-patients-with-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease-arpkd-current-practice
#16
Kathrin Burgmaier, Joy Brandt, Rukshana Shroff, Peter Witters, Lutz T Weber, Jörg Dötsch, Franz Schaefer, Djalila Mekahli, Max C Liebau
Introduction: Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a severe hepatorenal disorder of childhood. Early renal disease in ARPKD may require renal replacement therapy and is associated with failure to thrive resulting in a need for nasogastric tube feeding or gastrostomy. In ARPKD patients, the benefit of a gastrostomy in nutrition and growth needs to be weighed against the potential risk of complications of congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) and portal hypertension like variceal bleeding. CHF in ARPKD has thus been considered as a relative contraindication for gastrostomy insertion...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914246/role-of-hepcidin-in-the-diagnosis-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-in-children
#17
Osman Yeşilbaş, Esra Şevketoğlu, Burcu Bursal Duramaz, Hasan Serdar Kıhtır, Asuman Gedikbaşı, Mey Talip Petmezci, Canan Baydemir
Background/aim: The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic value of hepcidin level with the white blood cell (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in pediatric sepsis and septic shock. Materials and methods: A cohort of 89 individuals were divided into four groups: a healthy control group (HCG, n = 28), pediatric intensive care unit control group (PICUCG, n = 17), sepsis group (SG, n = 23), and septic shock group (SSG, n = 21). WBC, CRP, PCT, IL-6, and hepcidin levels were studied in the PICUCG, SG, and SSG, while hepcidin and IL-6 levels were studied in the HCG...
June 14, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913026/long-term-outcomes-after-same-amount-of-bilateral-rectus-muscle-recession-for-intermittent-exotropia-with-the-same-angle-of-deviation
#18
Haeng-Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term outcomes of homogenous bilateral rectus recession in patients with the same preoperative angle of deviation in intermittent exotropia and investigate factors associated with surgical outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective review, patients with the same preoperative angle of deviation who underwent bilateral 6-mm lateral rectus recession between January 2008 and January 2014 were observed for 2 or more years. Patients were classified into two groups based on deviation angle: success (orthophoria or exodeviation < 10 prism diopters [PD]) or recurrence (exodeviation ≥ 10 PD)...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913022/comparison-of-the-effect-of-cycloplegia-on-astigmatism-measurements-in-a-pediatric-amblyopic-population-a-prospective-study
#19
Sunali Goyal, Paul H Phillips, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Jeffrey M Gossett, R Scott Lowery
PURPOSE: To study the effect of cycloplegia on astigmatism measurements in pediatric patients with amblyopia. METHODS: This was a prospective comparative clinical study. Participants 4 to 17 years old were recruited from the patient population at the Arkansas Children's Hospital eye clinic after informed consent was obtained. Autorefractor measurements were used to obtain values of refractive error in amblyopic and non-amblyopic patients before and after cycloplegia...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913021/implementation-of-a-clinical-prediction-model-using-daily-postnatal-weight-gain-birth-weight-and-gestational-age-to-risk-stratify-rop
#20
Kortany McCauley, Anupama Chundu, Helen Song, Robin High, Donny Suh
PURPOSE: To develop a simple prognostic model using postnatal weight gain, birth weight, and gestational age to identify infants at risk for developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Medical records from two tertiary referral centers with the diagnosis code "Retinopathy of Prematurity" were evaluated. Those with a birth weight of 1,500 g or less, gestational age of 30 weeks or younger, and unstable clinical courses were included. Multivariate regression analysis was applied to transform three independent variables into a growth rate algorithm...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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