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Mitochondria reproduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149484/comparative-analysis-of-proteomes-between-diabetic-and-normal-human-sperm-insights-into-the-effects-of-diabetes-on-male-reproduction-based-on-the-regulation-of-mitochondria-related-proteins
#1
Tian An, Yue-Fen Wang, Jia-Xian Liu, Yan-Yun Pan, Yu-Fei Liu, Zhong-Chen He, Fang-Fang Mo, Jun Li, Li-Hua Kang, Yu-Jie Gu, Bo-Han Lv, Si-Huan Gao, Guang-Jian Jiang
This study sought to identify sources of the reduced fertility of men with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Significant reductions in semen volume, sperm concentration, and total sperm count were observed in diabetic individuals, while transmission electron microscopy revealed that the structure of mitochondria in the tail of sperm from diabetic patients was damaged. Proteins potentially associated with these sperm defects were identified using proteomics. Isobaric tagging for relative and absolute quantitation labeling and high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry allowed us to identify 357 proteins significantly differentially expressed in diabetic versus control semen (>1...
November 17, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121011/assisted-reproductive-technologies-to-prevent-human-mitochondrial-disease-transmission
#2
Andy Greenfield, Peter Braude, Frances Flinter, Robin Lovell-Badge, Caroline Ogilvie, Anthony C F Perry
Mitochondria are essential cytoplasmic organelles that generate energy (ATP) by oxidative phosphorylation and mediate key cellular processes such as apoptosis. They are maternally inherited and in humans contain a 16,569-base-pair circular genome (mtDNA) encoding 37 genes required for oxidative phosphorylation. Mutations in mtDNA cause a range of pathologies, commonly affecting energy-demanding tissues such as muscle and brain. Because mitochondrial diseases are incurable, attention has focused on limiting the inheritance of pathogenic mtDNA by mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT)...
November 9, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117555/mitochondrial-stress-restores-the-heat-shock-response-and-prevents-proteostasis-collapse-during-aging
#3
Johnathan Labbadia, Renee M Brielmann, Mario F Neto, Yi-Fan Lin, Cole M Haynes, Richard I Morimoto
In Caenorhabditis elegans, the programmed repression of the heat shock response (HSR) accompanies the transition to reproductive maturity, leaving cells vulnerable to environmental stress and protein aggregation with age. To identify the factors driving this event, we performed an unbiased genetic screen for suppressors of stress resistance and identified the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) as a central regulator of the age-related decline of the HSR and cytosolic proteostasis. Mild downregulation of ETC activity, either by genetic modulation or exposure to mitochondria-targeted xenobiotics, maintained the HSR in adulthood by increasing HSF-1 binding and RNA polymerase II recruitment at HSF-1 target genes...
November 7, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112874/the-origin-and-diversification-of-mitochondria
#4
REVIEW
Andrew J Roger, Sergio A Muñoz-Gómez, Ryoma Kamikawa
Mitochondria are best known for their role in the generation of ATP by aerobic respiration. Yet, research in the past half century has shown that they perform a much larger suite of functions and that these functions can vary substantially among diverse eukaryotic lineages. Despite this diversity, all mitochondria derive from a common ancestral organelle that originated from the integration of an endosymbiotic alphaproteobacterium into a host cell related to Asgard Archaea. The transition from endosymbiotic bacterium to permanent organelle entailed a massive number of evolutionary changes including the origins of hundreds of new genes and a protein import system, insertion of membrane transporters, integration of metabolism and reproduction, genome reduction, endosymbiotic gene transfer, lateral gene transfer and the retargeting of proteins...
November 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077704/variability-in-the-protein-profiles-in-spermatozoa-of-two-sturgeon-species
#5
Ping Li, Wei Guo, Huamei Yue, Chuangju Li, Hao Du, Xinmei Qiao, Zhigang Liu, Qiong Zhou, Qiwei Wei
Conventional sperm analysis (i.e., motility and fertility) has been used to evaluate sperm quality. Understanding the quality of sperm on the molecular level in the sturgeons, Acipenser baerii and A. schrenckii, is essential for the improvement of the conservation of genetic resources and farming performance. In this study, we used the iTRAQ proteomics approach to perform proteomic profiling of spermatozoa associated with sperm quality in sturgeons (Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD006108)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069798/efficient-cell-death-induction-in-human-glioblastoma-cells-by-photodynamic-treatment-with-tetrahydroporphyrin-tetratosylat-thpts-and-ionizing-irradiation
#6
Peter Hambsch, Yury P Istomin, Dimitri A Tzerkovsky, Ina Patties, Jochen Neuhaus, Rolf-Dieter Kortmann, Stanislav Schastak, Annegret Glasow
BACKGROUND: So far, glioblastomas cannot be cured by standard therapy and have an extremely poor median survival of about 15 months. The photodynamic therapy (PDT) with next generation photosensitizers, reaching a higher therapeutic depth, might offer a new, adjuvant treatment strategy in brain cancer therapy. Here, we investigated the effect of THPTS-PDT combined with ionizing irradiation (IR) on glioblastoma cells in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: THPTS colocalized to mitochondria and was not found in the nucleus...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045673/age-related-changes-in-the-mitochondria-of-human-mural-granulosa-cells
#7
Yifan Liu, Ming Han, Xiaoshuang Li, Hui Wang, Minyue Ma, Shihui Zhang, Yifan Guo, Shuling Wang, Yuanfen Wang, N Duan, Bing Xu, Jingwen Yin, Yuanqing Yao
STUDY QUESTION: What changes in the mitochondria of human mural granulosa cells (mGCs) with maternal aging? SUMMARY ANSWER: The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and the ability of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) of mGCs declines with reproductive aging, accompanied with more abnormal mitochondria. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mitochondria play an important role in the dialogue between the mGCs and oocytes. However, the underlying mechanism of mitochondrial dysfunction in mGCs in aging is still poorly understood...
October 17, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025019/differing-molecular-response-of-young-and-advanced-maternal-age-human-oocytes-to-ivm
#8
J M Reyes, E Silva, J L Chitwood, W B Schoolcraft, R L Krisher, P J Ross
STUDY QUESTION: What effect does maternal age have on the human oocyte's molecular response to in vitro oocyte maturation? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although polyadenylated transcript abundance is similar between young and advanced maternal age (AMA) germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes, metaphase II (MII) oocytes exhibit a divergent transcriptome resulting from a differential response to in vitro oocyte maturation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Microarray studies considering maternal age or maturation stage have shown that either of these factors will affect oocyte polyadenylated transcript abundance in human oocytes...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018353/heat-stress-reduces-sperm-motility-via-activation-of-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3%C3%AE-and-inhibition-of-mitochondrial-protein-import
#9
Yabin Gong, Huiduo Guo, Zhilong Zhang, Hao Zhou, Ruqian Zhao, Bin He
The adverse effects of high environmental temperature exposure on animal reproductive functions have been concerned for many decades. However, the molecular basis of heat stress (HS)-induced decrease of sperm motility has not been entirely elucidated. We hypothesized that the deteriorate effects of HS may be mediated by damage of mitochondrial function and ATP synthesis. To test this hypothesis, we use mature boar sperm as model to explore the impacts of HS on mitochondrial function and sperm motility. A 6 h exposure to 42°C (HS) induced significant decrease in sperm progressive motility...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977593/carbon-black-nanoparticles-inhibit-aromatase-expression-and-estradiol-secretion-in-human-granulosa-cells-through-the-erk1-2-pathway
#10
Violaine Simon, Charlotte Avet, Valérie Grange-Messent, Richard Wargnier, Chantal Denoyelle, Alice Pierre, Julien Dairou, Jean-Marie Dupret, Joëlle Cohen-Tannoudji
Secretion of 17-β-estradiol (E2) by human granulosa cells can be disrupted by various environmental toxicants. In the current study, we investigated whether carbon black nanoparticles (CB NPs) affect the steroidogenic activity of cultured human granulosa cells. The human granulosa cell line KGN and granulosa cells from patients undergoing in vitro fertilization were treated with increasing concentrations of CB NPs (1 to 100 µg/mL) together or not with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). We observed that CB NPs are internalized in KGN cells without affecting cell viability...
October 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965601/the-role-of-lysosomes-in-the-phenomenon-of-concentration-of-aluminum-and-indium-in-the-female-reproductive-system-an-ultrastructural-study
#11
REVIEW
Mhamdi Marwa, Florea Adrian, Badri Nedra, Maghraoui Samira, Matei Horea, Tekaia Walid-Habib, Rym Baati, Tekaya Leila
The female reproductive system is one of the most complex systems in the body taking into account the hormonal fluctuations associated with ovarian and uterine menstrual cycles. The purpose of this work was to study the impact of aluminum nitrate and indium sulfate on the uterus and the ovary of a pregnant rat. The experiment was performed on adult female rats of Wistar strain weighing approximately 250g. The Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) showed the presence of electron-dense material in lysosomes of both uterine cells (myometrium and endometrium cells) and in the cells of the ovary (internal theca and granulosa cells)...
December 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938734/hyperspectral-microscopy-can-detect-metabolic-heterogeneity-within-bovine-post-compaction-embryos-incubated-under-two-oxygen-concentrations-7-versus-20
#12
Melanie L Sutton-McDowall, Martin Gosnell, Ayad G Anwer, Melissa White, Malcolm Purdey, Andrew D Abell, Ewa M Goldys, Jeremy G Thompson
STUDY QUESTION: Can we separate embryos cultured under either 7% or 20% oxygen atmospheres by measuring their metabolic heterogeneity? SUMMARY ANSWER: Metabolic heterogeneity and changes in metabolic profiles in morula exposed to two different oxygen concentrations were not detectable using traditional fluorophore and two-channel autofluorescence but were detectable using hyperspectral microscopy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Increased genetic and morphological blastomere heterogeneity is associated with compromised developmental competence of embryos and currently forms the basis for embryo scoring within the clinic...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894044/mitochondrial-functionality-in-female-reproduction
#13
Łukasz Gąsior, Regina Daszkiewicz, Mateusz Ogórek, Zbigniew Polański
In most animal species female germ cells are the source of mitochondrial genome for the whole body of individuals. As a source of mitochondrial DNA for future generations the mitochondria in the female germ line undergo dynamic quantitative and qualitative changes. In addition to maintaining the intact template of mitochondrial genome from one generation to another, mitochondrial role in oocytes is much more complex and pleiotropic. The quality of mitochondria determines the ability of meiotic divisions, fertilization ability, and activation after fertilization or sustaining development of a new embryo...
January 4, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880749/exposure-to-decabromodiphenyl-ether-bde-209-produces-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-rat-liver-and-cell-death
#14
Lilian C Pereira, Alecsandra O Souza, Maria J Tasso, Alana M C Oliveira, Filipe V Duarte, Carlos M Palmeira, Daniel J Dorta
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants. Exposure to these chemicals has been associated with developmental neurotoxicity, endocrine dysfunctions, reproductive disorders, and hepatotoxicity. The widespread use of PBDE as flame retardants has culminated in daily exposure of humans and wildlife to these contaminants and resulted in their banned use. Thus assessment of the potential effects of each PBDE congener on living organisms has become cause for concern. The aim of this study was to (1) examine the effects of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE)-209 on different functions of HepG2 cells and (2) investigate whether this congener is involved in mitochondrial toxicity...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820402/does-signaling-of-estrogen-related-receptors-affect-structure-and-function-of-bank-vole-leydig-cells
#15
P Pawlicki, A Milon, M Zarzycka, J Galas, W Tworzydlo, A Kaminska, L Pardyak, K Lesniak, A Pacwa, B Bilinska, E Gorowska-Wojtowicz, M Kotula-Balak
To get a deeper insight into the function of estrogen-related receptors (ERRs) and dissect underlying mechanism in Leydig cells, ERRs (type α, β and γ) were blocked or activated in testes of adult bank voles (Myodes glareolus) which show seasonal changes in the intratesticular sex hormones level. Both actively reproducing animals (long day conditions; LD) and those with regression of the reproductive system (short day conditions; SD) received intraperitoneal injections of selective ERRα antagonist 3-[4-(2,4-Bis-trifluoromethylbenzyloxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]-2-cyano-N-(5-trifluoromethyl-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)acrylamide (XCT 790) or selective ERRβ/ERRγ agonist N-(4-(Diethylaminobenzylidenyl)-N'-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-hydrazine (DY131) (50 μ/kg bw; six doses every other day)...
June 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757561/porcine-interferon-stimulated-gene-12a-restricts-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-replication-in-marc-145-cells
#16
Likai Ji, Xiang Zhou, Wan Liang, Jianjian Liu, Bang Liu
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes severe losses in the global pig industry. In the present study, we investigated the molecular characterization of porcine interferon stimulated gene 12a (ISG12A) and confirmed its anti-PRRSV ability for the first time. We found that porcine ISG12A was localized in mitochondria and significantly decreased the number of cells in G2/S phase. Porcine ISG12A mRNA was up-regulated in cells/tissues of Tongcheng (TC) pigs and Large White (LW) pigs after PRRSV challenge...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729386/dormancy-in-embryos-insight-from-hydrated-encysted-embryos-of-an-aquatic-invertebrate
#17
Tamar Ziv, Vered Chalifa-Caspi, Nadav Denekamp, Inbar Plaschkes, Sylwia Kierszniowska, Idit Blais, Arie Admon, Esther Lubzens
Numerous aquatic invertebrates remain dormant for decades in a hydrated state as encysted embryos. In search for functional pathways associated with this form of dormancy, we used label-free quantitative proteomics to compare the proteomes of hydrated encysted dormant embryos (resting eggs; RE) with nondormant embryos (amictic eggs; AM) of the rotifer Brachionus plicatilisA total of 2631 proteins were identified in rotifer eggs. About 62% proteins showed higher abundance in AM relative to RE (Fold Change>3; p = 0...
October 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721182/mitochondria-in-oocyte-aging-current-understanding
#18
REVIEW
D Zhang, D Keilty, Z F Zhang, R C Chian
The oocyte is the largest cell found in multicellular organisms. Mitochondria, as the energy factories for cells, are found in high numbers in oocytes, as they provide the energy for oocyte maturation, fertilization, and embryo formation via oxidative phosphorylation. Failure of assisted reproduction is mainly attributed to oocyte aging and increased aneuploidy. As the most numerous organelle in the oocyte, the mitochondrion has been confirmed as a crucial player in the process of oocyte aging, which is highly influenced by mitochondrion dysfunction...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708512/insulin-during-in%C3%A2-vitro-oocyte-maturation-has-an-impact-on-development-mitochondria-and-cytoskeleton-in-bovine-day-8-blastocysts
#19
Denise Laskowski, Renée Båge, Patrice Humblot, Göran Andersson, Marc-André Sirard, Ylva Sjunnesson
Insulin is a key metabolic hormone that controls energy homeostasis in the body, including playing a specific role in regulating reproductive functions. Conditions associated with hyperinsulinemia can lower developmental rates in bovine in vitro embryo production and are linked to decreased fertility in humans, as in cases of obesity or type 2 diabetes. Embryo quality is important for fertility outcome and it can be assessed by choosing scoring standards for various characteristics, such as developmental stage, quality grade, cell number, mitochondrial pattern or actin cytoskeleton structure...
June 13, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693629/resveratrol-has-dose-dependent-effects-on-dna-fragmentation-and-mitochondrial-activity-of-ovine-secondary-follicles-cultured-in-vitro
#20
T J S Macedo, V R P Barros, A P O Monte, B B Gouveia, M É S Bezerra, A Y P Cavalcante, R S Barberino, V G Menezes, M H T Matos
The worldwide consumption of red wine, nuts and grapes has resulted in increased human exposure to resveratrol, which could affect reproductive function. However, the effect of resveratrol on in vitro culture of early-stage ovarian follicles has never been investigated. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effect of resveratrol on sheep secondary follicle morphology, growth, DNA fragmentation, intracellular levels of glutathione (GSH) and active mitochondria. Secondary follicles were isolated from the ovaries and cultured for 18 days in supplemented α-MEM+ (control medium) or in control medium containing resveratrol (2, 10 or 30 µM)...
July 11, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
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