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Michelle Lisonek, Shiliang Liu, Susie Dzakpasu, Aideen M Moore, K S Joseph
Background: Recent reports show increases in rates of ankyloglossia and frenotomy in British Columbia. We carried out a study to determine temporal trends and regional variations in ankyloglossia and frenotomy in Canada. Methods: The study included all hospital-based live births in Canada (excluding Quebec) between April 2002 and March 2015, with information obtained from the Canadian Institute for Health Information. Information on ankyloglossia and frenotomy was obtained from records of hospital admission for childbirth...
October 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Anwarul Karim, Mastura Akter, Tasmiah T Aziz, Mozammel Hoque, Tanvir K Chowdhury, Md Sharif Imam, Adnan Walid, Mahfuzul Kabir, Manting So, Wai Yee Lam, Clara Sm Tang, Kenneth K Wong, Paul K Tam, Merce Garcia-Barcelo, Tahmina Banu
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) in Bangladesh has never been studied. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological characteristics of HSCR in Bangladesh. METHODS: Data from fifty patients were collected prospectively from two hospitals in Chittagong, Bangladesh. RESULTS: The rate of consanguinity (16%) among parents of HSCR patients was higher than that of the general population (10%). Maternal age at the time of birth of the affected child was ≤30years in all cases except one...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Ruilin R Jin, Alastair Sutcliffe, Maximo Vento, Claudelle Miles, Javeed Travadi, Kumar Kishore, Keiji Suzuki, David Todd, Susanne Wooderson, Azanna Ahmad Kamar, Li Ma, John Smyth, Ju Lee Oei
AIM: The diagnosis of tongue-tie (or ankyloglossia) has increased more than 10-fold in some countries. Whether this is a global phenomenon or related to cultural and professional differences is uncertain. METHODS: An online survey in English, Japanese, Mandarin Chinese and Spanish was disseminated between May to November 2016 via 27 international professional bodies to >30 clinical professions chosen a priori to represent occupations involved in the management of neonatal ankyloglossia...
January 31, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
E Ferrés-Amat, T Pastor-Vera, P Rodriguez-Alessi, E Ferrés-Amat, J Mareque-Bueno, E Ferrés-Padró
AIM: Oral and maxillofacial development is influenced by the lingual frenulum and also affects breathing, occlusion, sucking, swallowing, speech, among others. Ankyloglossia in the newborn may result in breastfeeding difficulties: maternal nipple pain and/or erosion or mastitis, poor weight gain and excessively long breastfeeds. The main objective of this work is to study the prevalence of ankyloglossia in newborns with breastfeeding difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a transversal descriptive study of 302 patients, between 0 and 6 months, who attended the hospital as a result of breastfeeding difficulties...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Tina Marie Myers Oakes, Vladimir Skljarevsuki, Qi Zhang, William Kielbasa, Michael E Hodsdon, Holland C Detke, Angelo Camporeale, Joel R Saper
Background Safety findings from a Phase 2b study of galcanezumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against calcitonin gene-related peptide, for prevention of migraine (NCT02163993) are reported here. Methods Patients aged 18-65 years with episodic migraine were evaluated in this multicenter, double-blind, randomized study. After randomization, 410 patients were administered 5, 50, 120 or 300 mg of galcanezumab or placebo subcutaneously once every 4 weeks for 12 weeks, followed by a post-treatment off-drug period lasting 12 weeks...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Akshara Singh, Hind Pal Bhatia, Shveta Sood, Naresh Sharma, Amit Mohan
Floating-Harbor syndrome (FHS) is a rare genetic condition characterized by distinct facial features, short stature and delayed skeletal development. Here we present case of a 14-year-old boy with short stature, typical facial features, impaired voice quality, clinodactyly, cryptorchidism and unilateral agenesis of kidney. In addition he had oligodontia and ankyloglossia with features suggestive of FHS. Treatment rendered was restoration of caries, application of pit and fissure sealants followed by frenectomy...
November 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
Kathryn Muldoon, Louise Gallagher, Denise McGuinness, Valerie Smith
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) and its clinical impact on breastfeeding, including the benefits, or otherwise, of tongue-tie release (frenotomy). As exclusive breastfeeding rates in Ireland are already considerably low (46% on discharge home from the maternity unit following birth in 2014), it is imperative to protect and support breastfeeding, including identifying the associated effects that frenotomy might have on breastfeeding variables. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associated effects of frenotomy on breastfeeding variables in infants with ankyloglossia...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Shadab Khan, Shweta Sharma, Vivek Kumar Sharma
Ankyloglossia or "tongue-tie" is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short, thick, fibrosed lingual frenulum which may cause restriction in function of tongue including limitation in tongue movement. The lingual frenulum may be fibrous or muscular, and the tie may be complete or partial. Most often, ankyloglossia is seen as an isolated condition in an otherwise normal individual. This article reports the surgical management of a 20-year-old patient having ankyloglossia associated with restricted movement of tongue and difficulty in speech...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
A J Yoon, S Zaghi, S Ha, C S Law, C Guilleminault, S Y Liu
OBJECTIVES: To characterize associations between restricted tongue mobility and maxillofacial development. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Cross-sectional cohort study of 302 consecutive subjects from an orthodontic practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Tongue mobility (measured with tongue range of motion ratio [TRMR] and Kotlow free tongue measurement) was correlated with measurements of the maxillofacial skeleton obtained from dental casts and cephalometric radiographs...
November 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Livia Eisler Pompéia, Roberta Simoni Ilinsky, Cristina Lúcia Feijó Ortolani, Kurt Faltin
OBJECTIVE: To critically examine the existing Brazilian and International scientific literature regarding the influence of short lingual frenulum over growth and development of the stomatognathic system, as well as how it impacts the achievement of the shape-function balance. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search was conducted in databases, including MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, LILACS, SciELO, and ScienceDirect, using the key words "lingual frenum" and "development", as well as their equivalents in Brazilian Portuguese...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Vansh Priya, Rameez Riaz, Sanjay Dhiraaj, Puneet Goyal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Franz Oswald, Patricia Klöble, André Ruland, David Rosenkranz, Bastian Hinz, Falk Butter, Sanja Ramljak, Ulrich Zechner, Holger Herlyn
The transcription repressor FOXP2 is a crucial player in nervous system evolution and development of humans and songbirds. In order to provide an additional insight into its functional role we compared target gene expression levels between human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) stably overexpressing FOXP2 cDNA of either humans or the common chimpanzee, Rhesus monkey, and marmoset, respectively. RNA-seq led to identification of 27 genes with differential regulation under the control of human FOXP2, which were previously reported to have FOXP2-driven and/or songbird song-related expression regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Jonathan Walsh, David Tunkel
Importance: The influence of tongue tie, or ankyloglossia, on breastfeeding is the subject of growing debate. Restriction of tongue mobility from the frenulum varies greatly among newborns and infants (hereinafter referred to as infants). Controversies about whether an infant has ankyloglossia and which infants need treatment are evident with wide variations in medical practice and a lack of high-quality clinical studies that provide guidance. Observations: Diagnosis and management of ankyloglossia in infants can be a source of confusion and frustration for clinicians and families...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Zahra Gharailoo, Seyed Fazlollah Mousavi, Niloofar Halvani, Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi
BACKGROUND: Ankyloglossia is an anatomic developmental anomaly determining by thick and short, fi brotic ferenum. Tongue changes have severe eff ects on occlusion and oropharyngeal structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the position of hyoid in children 7-11 years` old with ankyloglossia in lateral cephalometric radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHOD: In this study 260 nasopharyngeal swabs were taken from non-vaccinated healthy children between 6 months to 6 years old at medical centers in Sistan-Baluchestan during August 2013 to January 2014...
September 2016: Mædica
Mohammad Danesh Ardekani, Zohre Tabatabaee, Niloofar Halvani, Hossein Tabatabaee, Soghra Yasaee
INTRODUCTION: Ankyloglossia is an anatomic developmental anomaly determining by thick and short, fi brotic ferenum. Tongue changes have severe eff ects on occlusion and oropharyngeal structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the position of hyoid in children 7-11 years` old with ankyloglossia in lateral cephalometric radiographs. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 30 radiographs of children with ankyloglossia with mean age of 9.8 and 30 radiographs of control group were chosen and matched in terms of age, sex, class of malocclusion and growth pattern...
September 2016: Mædica
Jyothirmai Talasila, Ramaswamy Pachigolla, Kiranmai V S N Yarlagadda, Ramu Vuppala, Karl-Heinz Grzeschik, Sai Kiran K V S, Catherine M Rose, Gary S Gottesman, Zsolt Urban
This case report describes a patient with ankyloglossia, oligodontia, unilateral hypoplasia of the zygoma and mandible, along with bilateral distal reduction anomalies of his limbs without long bone abnormalities. This may represent a mild variant of oromandibular limb hypogenesis syndrome, expanding the phenotypic spectrum, or a previously unrecognized malformation syndrome.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
Xiao-Jing Zhu, Xueyan Yuan, Min Wang, Yukun Fang, Yudong Liu, Xiaoyun Zhang, Xueqin Yang, Yan Li, Jianying Li, Feixue Li, Zhong-Min Dai, Mengsheng Qiu, Ze Zhang, Zunyi Zhang
The tongue is one of the major structures involved in human food intake and speech. Tongue malformations such as aglossia, microglossia, and ankyloglossia are congenital birth defects, greatly affecting individuals' quality of life. However, the molecular basis of the tissue-tissue interactions that ensure tissue morphogenesis to form a functional tongue remains largely unknown. Here we show that Shh(Cre) -mediated epithelial deletion of Wntless (Wls), the key regulator for intracellular Wnt trafficking, leads to lingual hypoplasia in mice...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ashwin Devasya, Mythri Sarpangala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
R Kishore Kumar, P C Nayana Prabha, Prashant Kumar, Ruth Patterson, Nandini Nagar
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence, clinical presentation and management of infants with ankyloglossia. METHODS: A retrospective file review of infants less than 6 months of age with a diagnosis of ankyloglossia. Results: Of the 25786 babies born during the assessment period (2007-2015), 134 (0.52%) had ankyloglossia. Sixty-four (47.7%) infants who presented with breastfeeding difficulties were diagnosed significantly earlier than the asymptomatic group (P<0...
February 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Joyce E O'Shea, Jann P Foster, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Deirdre Breathnach, Susan E Jacobs, David A Todd, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Tongue-tie, or ankyloglossia, is a condition whereby the lingual frenulum attaches near the tip of the tongue and may be short, tight and thick. Tongue-tie is present in 4% to 11% of newborns. Tongue-tie has been cited as a cause of poor breastfeeding and maternal nipple pain. Frenotomy, which is commonly performed, may correct the restriction to tongue movement and allow more effective breastfeeding with less maternal nipple pain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frenotomy is safe and effective in improving ability to feed orally among infants younger than three months of age with tongue-tie (and problems feeding)...
March 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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