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Fucoxanthin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113798/fucoxanthin-attenuates-fatty-acid-induced-lipid-accumulation-in-fl83b-hepatocytes-through-regulated-sirt1-ampk-signaling-pathway
#1
Yi-Hsien Chang, Ya-Ling Chen, Wen-Chung Huang, Chian-Jiun Liou
The fucoxanthin, isolated from brown algae, was reported to have multiple biological functions to anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, and ameliorated obesity in mice. In this study we investigated whether fucoxanthin could inhibit lipids accumulation in FL83B hepatocytes. FL83B cells were induced as fatty liver cell model by 0.5 mM oleic acid for 48 h, and treated with various concentration of fucoxanthin for 24 h. The results demonstrated that fucoxanthin significantly suppressed lipid accumulation and decreased lipid peroxidation in hepatocytes...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110251/inhibition-of-two-gastric-cancer-cell-lines-induced-by-fucoxanthin-involves-downregulation-of-mcl-1-and-stat3
#2
Rui-Xue Yu, Rui-Tao Yu, Zhong Liu
Fucoxanthin is a natural carotenoid that had never been previously demonstrated to have anti-tumor effect on human gastric adenocarcinoma SGC-7901 or BGC-823 cells. Here it was found to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis through JAK/STAT signal pathway in these cells; the mechanism by which this occurred was investigated. We find that fucoxanthin significantly increased the number of apoptotic cells by propidium iodide (PI) dye staining and flow cytometry. Fucoxanthin (50 or 75 μM) induced SGC-7901 cells cycle arrest at S phase, while BGC-823 cells arrest at G2/M phase...
November 6, 2017: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071425/variation-with-depth-of-the-abundance-diversity-and-pigmentation-of-culturable-bacteria-in-a-deep-ice-core-from-the-yuzhufeng-glacier-tibetan-plateau
#3
Liang Shen, Yongqin Liu, Ninglian Wang, Nianzhi Jiao, Baiqing Xu, Xiaobo Liu
It has been suggested that the cryosphere is a new biome uniquely dominated by microorganisms, although the ecological characteristics of these cold-adapted bacteria are not well understood. We investigated the vertical variation with depth of the proportion of pigmented bacteria recovered from an ice core drilled in the Yuzhufeng Glacier, Tibetan Plateau. A total of 25,449 colonies were obtained from 1250 ice core sections. Colonies grew on only one-third of the inoculated Petri dishes, indicating that although the ice core harbored abundant culturable bacteria, bacteria could not be isolated from every section...
October 25, 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059446/action-spectrum-of-photoinhibition-in-the-diatom-phaeodactylum-tricornutum
#4
Vesa Havurinne, Esa Tyystjärvi
Light dependent electron transfer is necessary for photosynthesis but light also damages PSII. Light induced damage to PSII is called photoinhibition and the damaging reactions of photoinhibition are still under debate. Diatoms possess an exotic combination of light harvesting pigments, chlorophylls a/c and fucoxanthin, making them an interesting platform for studying the photoreceptors of photoinhibition. We first confirmed the direct proportionality of photoinhibition to the photon flux density of incident light in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum...
October 20, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030666/lc-pda-apciitms-identification-of-algal-carotenoid-and-oxysterol-precursors-to-fatty-acid-esters-in-hydrolyzed-extracts-of-the-freshwater-mussel-dreissena-bugensis
#5
Maxime C Bridoux, Monika Sobiechowska, Alicia Pérez-Fuentetaja, Katherine T Alben
Carotenyl fatty acid esters (carotenyl-FAEs) were extracted in acetone from freeze-dried Dreissena bugensis (Lakes Erie and Ontario) and hydrolyzed to identify the carotenoid precursors. Analysis by liquid chromatography (LC) with photodiode array (PDA) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-ion trap mass spectrometry (APCIitMS) revealed the major hydrolysis products: fucoxanthinol (FOH) from fucoxanthin (FX, diatoms); mactraxanthin (MX) from violaxanthin (VX, chlorophytes); 4-fold higher levels of an unknown, tentatively identified as an adduct of two closely eluting C27H46O3 and C27H48O3 steryl triols...
October 13, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024505/photoelectrochemical-complexes-of-fucoxanthin-chlorophyll-protein-for-bio-photovoltaic-conversion-with-a-high-open-circuit-photovoltage
#6
Tianning Zhang, Cheng Liu, Wenjing Dong, Wenda Wang, Yan Sun, Xin Chen, Chunhong Yang, Ning Dai
Open-circuit photovoltage (Voc ) is among the critical parameters for achieving an efficient light-to-charge conversion in existing solar photovoltaic devices. Natural photosynthesis exploits light-harvesting chlorophyll (Chl) protein complexes to transfer sunlight energy efficiently. We describe the exploitation of photosynthetic fucoxanthin-chlorophyll protein (FCP) complexes for realizing photoelectrochemical cells with a high Voc . An antenna-dependent photocurrent response and a Voc up to 0.72 V are observed and demonstrated in the bio-photovoltaic devices fabricated with photosynthetic FCP complexes and TiO2 nanostructures...
October 11, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990814/induction-of-anoikis-in-human-colorectal-cancer-cells-by-fucoxanthinol
#7
Masaru Terasaki, Hayato Maeda, Kazuo Miyashita, Michihiro Mutoh
Fucoxanthin (Fx), one of the major xanthophylls in brown algae, is known to be effective for colorectal cancer (CRC) chemoprevention through inhibiting cell growth, cell cycle and caspase activation. Recently, we observed fucoxanthinol (FuOH), an anti-cancer active metabolite of Fx, treatment of human CRC cells resulted in plenty of living floating cells several hours after exposure, and induced apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated whether FuOH induced anchorage-dependent apoptosis, that is "anoikis", along with integrin signal suppression in human CRC cells...
October 9, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984834/dual-biological-functions-of-a-cytoprotective-effect-and-apoptosis-induction-by-bioavailable-marine-carotenoid-fucoxanthinol-through-modulation-of-the-nrf2-activation-in-raw264-7-macrophage-cells
#8
Junsei Taira, Miki Sonamoto, Masatsugu Uehara
In this study, the function of fucoxanthinol (FxOH) as a bioavailable marine carotenoid together with the pre-metabolite, fucoxanthin (Fx), was examined through the Nrf2-ARE pathway. The antioxidant activity in the low concentration range of the compounds (1-4 μM) with a peroxyl radical scavenging capacity was proved by the ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) method and an ESR study. Similar concentrations of the compound also activated the Nrf2-ARE signaling with the Nrf2 translocation into the nuclear, then the expression of the antioxidant protein HO-1 increased...
October 6, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928905/fucoxanthin-a-marine-carotenoid-attenuates-%C3%AE-amyloid-oligomer-induced-neurotoxicity-possibly-via-regulating-the-pi3k-akt-and-the-erk-pathways-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#9
Jiajia Lin, Jie Yu, Jiaying Zhao, Ke Zhang, Jiachen Zheng, Jialing Wang, Chunhui Huang, Jingrong Zhang, Xiaojun Yan, William H Gerwick, Qinwen Wang, Wei Cui, Shan He
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by neurofibrillary tangles, synaptic impairments, and loss of neurons. Oligomers of β-amyloid (Aβ) are widely accepted as the main neurotoxins to induce oxidative stress and neuronal loss in AD. In this study, we discovered that fucoxanthin, a marine carotenoid with antioxidative stress properties, concentration dependently prevented Aβ oligomer-induced increase of neuronal apoptosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species in SH-SY5Y cells...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865626/characterization-of-dietary-fucoxanthin-from-himanthalia-elongata-brown-seaweed
#10
Gaurav Rajauria, Barry Foley, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam
This study explored Himanthalia elongata brown seaweed as a potential source of dietary fucoxanthin which is a promising medicinal and nutritional ingredient. The seaweed was extracted with low polarity solvents (n-hexane, diethyl ether, and chloroform) and the crude extract was purified with preparative thin layer chromatography (P-TLC). Identification, quantification and structure elucidation of purified compounds was performed by LC-DAD-ESI-MS and NMR ((1)H and (13)C). P-TLC led purification yielded 18.6mg/g fucoxanthin with 97% of purity based on the calibration curve, in single-step purification...
September 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865617/development-of-new-green-processes-for-the-recovery-of-bioactives-from-phaeodactylum-tricornutum
#11
Bienvenida Gilbert-López, Almudena Barranco, Miguel Herrero, Alejandro Cifuentes, Elena Ibáñez
Two novel extraction techniques, pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and microwave-assisted solvent extraction (MAE) have been evaluated for the recovery of bioactive compounds from Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Microalga P. tricornutum is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as EPA, and has a high content of the carotenoid fucoxanthin, which is a valuable pigment with several biological activities. Cells were disrupted at high pressure and then freeze-dried as a previous step to extraction. Additionally, only green solvents as water and ethanol (EtOH) - and mixtures of them - were used...
September 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856533/evidence-of-the-supercomplex-organization-of-photosystem-ii-and-light-harvesting-complexes-in-nannochloropsis-granulata
#12
Ikumi Umetani, Motoshi Kunugi, Makio Yokono, Atsushi Takabayashi, Ayumi Tanaka
Diverse light-harvesting complexes (LHCs) have been found in photosynthetic microalgae that originated from secondary endosymbiosis involving primary red algae. However, the associations between LHCs and photosystem I (PSI) and photosystem II (PSII) in these microalgae are not fully understood. Eustigmatophyta is a red algal lineage that appears to have a unique organization in its photosynthetic machinery, consisting of only chlorophyll a and carotenoids that are atypical compared with other closely related groups...
August 30, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764959/photoprotective-responses-in-a-brown-macroalgae-cystoseira-tamariscifolia-to-increases-in-co2-and-temperature
#13
Paula S M Celis-Plá, Brezo Martínez, Nathalie Korbee, Jason M Hall-Spencer, Félix L Figueroa
Global warming and ocean acidification are increasingly affecting coastal ecosystems, with impacts that vary regionally depending upon local biogeography. Ocean acidification drives shifts in seaweed community dominance that depend on interactions with other factors such as light and nutrients. In this study, we investigated the photophysiological responses in the brown macroalgae species Cystoseira tamariscifolia (Hudson) Papenfuss with important structural role in the coastal Mediterranean communities. These algae were collected in the Cabo de Gata-Nijar Natural Park in ultraoligotrophic waters (algae exposed under high irradiance and less nutrient conditions) vs...
July 20, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751806/a-marine-bio-functional-lipid-fucoxanthinol-attenuates-human-colorectal-cancer-stem-like-cell-tumorigenicity-and-sphere-formation
#14
Masaru Terasaki, Hayato Maeda, Kazuo Miyashita, Takuji Tanaka, Shingo Miyamoto, Michihiro Mutoh
Fucoxanthinol (FuOH), an intestinal metabolite form of fucoxanthin (Fx) isolated from marine algae, is known to possess multiple health benefits, such as prevention of human cancer. However, there is little available information about the effects of FuOH on colorectal cancer stem cells (CCSCs) and their contribution to drug resistance, tumorigenesis and cancer recurrence. In the present study, we investigated the anti-proliferative effect of FuOH on two putative CCSCs, CD44(high)/EpCAM(high) cells and colonospheres (Csps) formed by HT-29 human colorectal cancer cells, and the suppressive effects of FuOH on the growth of xenografted tumor...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750733/separation-and-identification-of-fatty-acid-esters-of-algal-carotenoid-metabolites-in-the-freshwater-mussel-dreissena-bugensis-by-liquid-chromatography-with-uv-visible-wavelength-and-mass-spectrometric-detectors-in-series
#15
Maxime C Bridoux, Monika Sobiechowska, Robert G Briggs, Alicia Pérez-Fuentetaja, Katherine T Alben
LC with photodiode array and APCI-ion trap mass spectrometry has made it possible to tentatively identify 76 carotenyl fatty acid esters (cFAEs) in solvent extracts from Dreissena bugensis, collected from Lake Erie: 16 mono- and 33 diFAEs of fucoxanthinol (FOH), and 27 diFAEs of mactraxanthin (MX). FOH and MX, previously identified in cFAE hydrolysates, were confirmed as parent carotenoids of the cFAEs, and as primary metabolites of fucoxanthin and violaxanthin, respectively, derived from diatoms and chlorophytes in the dreissenids' diet...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694655/antioxidant-dietary-approach-in-treatment-of-fatty-liver-new-insights-and-updates
#16
REVIEW
Alessandra Ferramosca, Mariangela Di Giacomo, Vincenzo Zara
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common clinicopathological condition, encompassing a range of conditions caused by lipid deposition within liver cells. To date, no approved drugs are available for the treatment of NAFLD, despite the fact that it represents a serious and growing clinical problem in the Western world. Identification of the molecular mechanisms leading to NAFLD-related fat accumulation, mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative balance impairment facilitates the development of specific interventions aimed at preventing the progression of hepatic steatosis...
June 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677008/pigment-structure-in-the-violaxanthin-chlorophyll-a-binding-protein-vcp
#17
Manuel J Llansola-Portoles, Radek Litvin, Cristian Ilioaia, Andrew A Pascal, David Bina, Bruno Robert
Resonance Raman spectroscopy was used to evaluate pigment-binding site properties in the violaxanthin-chlorophyll-a-binding protein (VCP) from Nannochloropsis oceanica. The pigments bound to this antenna protein are chlorophyll-a, violaxanthin, and vaucheriaxanthin. The molecular structures of bound Chl-a molecules are discussed with respect to those of the plant antenna proteins LHCII and CP29, the crystal structures of which are known. We show that three populations of carotenoid molecules are bound by VCP, each of which is in an all-trans configuration...
October 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669083/quenching-of-chlorophyll-triplet-states-by-carotenoids-in-algal-light-harvesting-complexes-related-to-fucoxanthin-chlorophyll-protein
#18
Petro Khoroshyy, David Bína, Zdenko Gardian, Radek Litvín, Jan Alster, Jakub Pšenčík
We have used time-resolved absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy with nanosecond resolution to study triplet energy transfer from chlorophylls to carotenoids in a protective process that prevents the formation of reactive singlet oxygen. The light-harvesting complexes studied were isolated from Chromera velia, belonging to a group Alveolata, and Xanthonema debile and Nannochloropsis oceanica, both from Stramenopiles. All three light-harvesting complexes are related to fucoxanthin-chlorophyll protein, but contain only chlorophyll a and no chlorophyll c...
July 1, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642129/fucoxanthin-inhibits-profibrotic-protein-expression-in-vitro-and-attenuates-bleomycin-induced-lung-fibrosis-in-vivo
#19
Sun Young Ma, Won Sun Park, Dae-Sung Lee, Grace Choi, Mi-Jin Yim, Jeong Min Lee, Won-Kyo Jung, Sae Gwang Park, Su-Kil Seo, Sung Jae Park, Il Yong Han, Yung Hyun Choi, Il-Whan Choi
Pulmonary fibrosis, a potentially fatal disease, results from acute and chronic interstitial lung diseases. Fucoxanthin (Fx), a carotenoid found in brown seaweed, shows a wide range of pharmacological activities. In this study, we investigated the antifibrotic effects of fucoxanthin and their underlying molecular mechanisms in transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1)-stimulated human pulmonary fibroblasts (HPFs). Thus, the effects of Fx on TGF-β1-induced expression of fibrotic factors, such as alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), type 1 collagen, fibronectin, and interleukin-6 (IL-6), in HPFs were investigated...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636682/excited-state-characterization-of-carbonyl-containing-carotenoids-a-comparison-between-single-and-multireference-descriptions
#20
Riccardo Spezia, Stefan Knecht, Benedetta Mennucci
Carotenoids can play multiple roles in biological photoreceptors thanks to their rich photophysics. In the present work, we have investigated six of the most common carbonyl containing carotenoids: echinenone, canthaxanthin, astaxanthin, fucoxanthin, capsanthin and capsorubin. Their excitation properties are investigated by means of a hybrid density functional theory (DFT) and multireference configuration interaction (MRCI) approach to elucidate the role of the carbonyl group: the bright transition is of ππ* character, as expected, but the presence of a C[double bond, length as m-dash]O moiety reduces the energy of nπ* transitions which may become closer to the ππ* transition, in particular as the conjugation chain decreases...
June 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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