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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110224/emotional-intelligence-and-coping-strategies-as-determinants-of-quality-of-life-in-depressed-patient-caregiver-dyads-an-actor-partner-interdependence-analysis
#1
L Boyer, K Baumstarck, M Alessandrini, Z Hamidou, J Testart, M Serres, P Arquillière, P Auquier, T Leroy, X Zendjidjian
OBJECTIVE: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and their natural caregivers experience major lifestyle difficulties. Little is known concerning dyadic (i.e., patient and natural caregiver) characteristics' impact on quality of life. In a sample of depressed patient-caregiver dyads, we examined quality of life (QoL) levels compared with the general population and whether QoL is influenced by emotional intelligence (EI) and coping strategies using the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM)...
January 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110158/general-distress-is-more-important-than-ptsd-s-cognition-and-mood-alterations-factor-in-accounting-for-ptsd-and-depression-s-comorbidity
#2
Brianna M Byllesby, Jon D Elhai, Marijo Tamburrino, Thomas H Fine, Gregory Cohen, Laura Sampson, Edwin Shirley, Philip K Chan, Israel Liberzon, Sandro Galea, Joseph R Calabrese
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly comorbid and exhibit strong correlations with each other at both the symptom level and latent factor level. Various theories have attempted to explain this relationship. Results have been inconsistent regarding whether PTSD's negative alterations in cognition and mood factor (NACM) is significantly more related to depression, in contrast to other factors of PTSD. METHODS: Confirmatory factor analysis was used to attempt to address the relationships between PTSD and MDD in a large sample of trauma-exposed combat veterans from the Ohio National Guard as part of a larger longitudinal study...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109831/common-and-specific-abnormalities-in-cortical-thickness-in-patients-with-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders
#3
Meiqi Niu, Ying Wang, Yanbin Jia, Junjing Wang, Shuming Zhong, Jiabao Lin, Yao Sun, Ling Zhao, Xiaojin Liu, Li Huang, Ruiwang Huang
Major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) are severe psychiatric diseases with overlapping symptomatology. Although previous studies reported abnormal brain structures in MDD or BD patients, the disorder-specific underlying neural mechanisms remain poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the whole-brain gray matter morphological patterns in unmedicated patients with MDD or BD and to identify the shared and disease-specific brain morphological alterations in these two disorders...
January 11, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109668/childhood-trauma-depression-and-negative-symptoms-are-independently-associated-with-impaired-quality-of-life-in-schizophrenia-results-from-the-national-face-sz-cohort
#4
M Andrianarisoa, L Boyer, O Godin, L Brunel, E Bulzacka, B Aouizerate, F Berna, D Capdevielle, J M Dorey, C Dubertret, J Dubreucq, C Faget, F Gabayet, P M Llorca, J Mallet, D Misdrahi, R Rey, R Richieri, C Passerieux, A Schandrin, A M Tronche, M Urbach, P Vidailhet, F Schürhoff, G Fond
OBJECTIVES: Depression and negative symptoms have been associated with impaired Quality of life (QoL) in schizophrenia (SZ). However, childhood trauma may influence both QoL and depression in SZ patients, with consequences for the management of impaired QoL in SZ patients. The aim of the present study was to determine if childhood trauma was associated with impaired QoL in schizophrenia. METHOD: A sample of 544 community-dwelling stabilized SZ patients enrolled in FACE-SZ cohort were utilized in this study (74...
January 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109311/patient-health-questionnaire-9-versus-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-screening-for-major-depressive-episodes-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#5
Iná S Santos, Beatriz Franck Tavares, Tiago N Munhoz, Patricia Manzolli, Gisele Bartz de Ávila, Eduardo Jannke, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Major depressive episodes (MDE) are frequent at the population level and are generally associated with severe symptoms that impair performance of activities of daily living of individuals suffering from this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of two tests that separately showed suitable properties in screening for MDE: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). METHODS: In a previous study, the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9 and the EPDS in screening for MDE were compared with a structured diagnostic interview conducted by psychiatrics and psychologists using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview as the gold standard...
January 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109260/changes-in-depressive-symptoms-and-correlates-in-hiv-people-at-an-hoa-clinic-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#6
Van-Anh N Huynh, Kien G To, Dung Van Do, Quyen G To, Mai T H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Understanding of depression among Vietnamese people living with HIV (PLWH) is limited. This longitudinal study examines changes in depressive symptoms and identifies its correlates among people living with HIV under antiretroviral therapy at An Hoa Clinic. METHODS: People living with HIV ≥18 years and undergoing antiretroviral therapy for ≥3 months were eligible. Those at final AIDS stage, too ill, or illiterate were excluded due to their inability to complete the self-administered questionnaire...
January 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109247/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-guided-internet-and-mobile-based-intervention-for-the-indicated-prevention-of-major-depression-in-patients-with-chronic-back-pain-study-protocol-of-the-prod-bp-multicenter-pragmatic-rct
#7
L Sander, S Paganini, J Lin, S Schlicker, D D Ebert, C Buntrock, H Baumeister
BACKGROUND: Reducing the disease burden of major depressive disorder (MDD) is of major public health relevance. The prevention of depression is regarded as one possible approach to reach this goal. People with multiple risk factors for MDD such as chronic back pain and subthreshold depressive symptoms may benefit most from preventive measures. The Internet as intervention setting allows for scaling up preventive interventions on a public mental health level. METHODS: This study is a multicenter pragmatic randomized controlled trial (RCT) of parallel design aiming to investigate the (cost-) effectiveness of an Internet- and mobile-based intervention (IMI) for the prevention of depression in chronic back pain patients (PROD-BP) with subthreshold depressive symptoms...
January 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108228/a-preliminary-study-of-endocannabinoid-system-regulation-in-psychosis-distinct-alterations-of-cnr1-promoter-dna-methylation-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#8
Claudio D'Addario, Vincenzo Micale, Martina Di Bartolomeo, Tibor Stark, Mariangela Pucci, Alexandra Sulcova, Mariacarlotta Palazzo, Zuzana Babinska, Laura Cremaschi, Filippo Drago, A Carlo Altamura, Mauro Maccarrone, Bernardo Dell'Osso
Compelling evidence supports the involvement of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in psychosis vulnerability. We here evaluated the transcriptional regulation of ECS components in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from subjects suffering from bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder and schizophrenia, focusing in particular on the effects of DNA methylation. We observed selective alterations of DNA methylation at the promoter of CNR1, the gene coding for the type-1 cannabinoid receptor, in schizophrenic patients (N=25) with no changes in any other disorder...
January 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108057/bani-polymorphism-of-cytosolic-phospholipase-a2-gene-and-somatic-symptoms-in-medication-free-acute-depressed-patients
#9
Jane Pei-Chen Chang, Ta-Wei Guu, Yi-Chih Chen, Piotr Gałecki, Anna Walczewska, Kuan-Pin Su
Somatic symptoms are commonly seen in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and might be associated with inflammatory activation. Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) are the key enzymes in the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which in turn may play an important role in inflammation and somatic symptoms in depression. This study investigated the effects of BanI polymorphism of cPLA2 gene and COX-2 rs4648308 genotypes on somatic symptoms and inflammatory marker in patients with MDD...
January 4, 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107446/amygdala-atrophy-and-its-functional-disconnection-with-the-cortico-striatal-pallidal-thalamic-circuit-in-major-depressive-disorder-in-females
#11
Jie Yang, Yingying Yin, Connie Svob, Jun Long, Xiaofu He, Yuqun Zhang, Zhi Xu, Lei Li, Jie Liu, Jian Dong, Zuping Zhang, Zhishun Wang, Yonggui Yuan
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is approximately twice as common in females than males. Furthermore, female patients with MDD tend to manifest comorbid anxiety. Few studies have explored the potential anatomical and functional brain changes associated with MDD in females. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the anatomical and functional changes underlying MDD in females, especially within the context of comorbid anxiety. METHODS: In this study, we recruited antidepressant-free females with MDD (N = 35) and healthy female controls (HC; N = 23)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107402/risk-factors-for-postoperative-pain-intensity-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-disc-surgery-a-systematic-review
#12
Marie Dorow, Margrit Löbner, Janine Stein, Alexander Konnopka, Hans J Meisel, Lutz Günther, Jürgen Meixensberger, Katarina Stengler, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: Pain relief has been shown to be the most frequently reported goal by patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. There is a lack of systematic research investigating the course of postsurgical pain intensity and factors associated with postsurgical pain. This systematic review focuses on pain, the most prevalent symptom of a herniated disc as the primary outcome parameter. The aims of this review were (1) to examine how pain intensity changes over time in patients undergoing surgery for a lumbar herniated disc and (2) to identify socio-demographic, medical, occupational and psychological factors associated with pain intensity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107372/cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-falls-in-older-people-the-reform-trial
#13
Sarah Cockayne, Joy Adamson, Arabella Clarke, Belen Corbacho, Caroline Fairhurst, Lorraine Green, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Anne-Maree Kenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony C Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of morbidity among older people. A multifaceted podiatry intervention may reduce the risk of falling. This study evaluated such an intervention. DESIGN: Pragmatic cohort randomised controlled trial in England and Ireland. 1010 participants were randomised (493 to the Intervention group and 517 to Usual Care) to either: a podiatry intervention, including foot and ankle exercises, foot orthoses and, if required, new footwear, and a falls prevention leaflet or usual podiatry treatment plus a falls prevention leaflet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107110/we-need-to-talk-disclosure-of-sexual-problems-is-associated-with-depression-sexual-functioning-and-relationship-satisfaction-in-women
#14
Kathleen E Merwin, Lucia F O'Sullivan, Natalie O Rosen
Women with sexual problems (e.g., difficulties with desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, and pain during sexual activity) experience more depressive symptoms, and poorer sexual functioning and relationship satisfaction compared with unaffected women. A robust literature highlights the importance of sexual communication, and sexual self-disclosures in particular, for the well-being of individuals in romantic relationships. However, little is known about the disclosure of sexual problems to romantic partners and its association with women's psychological, sexual, and relationship well-being...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105524/perceptions-of-family-members-of-palliative-medicine-and-hospice-patients-who-experienced-music-therapy
#15
Lisa M Gallagher, Ruth Lagman, Debbie Bates, Melissa Edsall, Patricia Eden, Jessica Janaitis, Lisa Rybicki
PURPOSE: Evidence shows that music therapy aids in symptom management and improves quality of life for palliative medicine and hospice patients. The majority of previous studies have addressed patient needs, while only a few addressed the needs of family members. The primary purpose of this study was to understand family members' perceptions of music therapy experienced by a relative in palliative medicine or hospice. Patient self-reported scales and music therapist assessment of change were also investigated...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104735/initial-severity-of-depression-and-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-of-pill-placebo-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Toshi A Furukawa, Erica S Weitz, Shiro Tanaka, Steven D Hollon, Stefan G Hofmann, Gerhard Andersson, Jos Twisk, Robert J DeRubeis, Sona Dimidjian, Ulrich Hegerl, Roland Mergl, Robin B Jarrett, Jeffrey R Vittengl, Norio Watanabe, Pim Cuijpers
BACKGROUND: The influence of baseline severity has been examined for antidepressant medications but has not been studied properly for cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in comparison with pill placebo. AIMS: To synthesise evidence regarding the influence of initial severity on efficacy of CBT from all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which CBT, in face-to-face individual or group format, was compared with pill-placebo control in adults with major depression...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104722/paradoxical-insomnia-in-a-patient-taking-zopiclone
#17
Adam Abba-Aji, Prajjita Bardoloi
We present a case of a man aged 20 years who was diagnosed with a major depressive disorder and was started on escitalopram and zopiclone. The patient had a significant response to escitalopram except that he developed severe insomnia which dramatically resolved following discontinuation of zopiclone. The patient was recommenced on low dose of zopiclone and unfortunately redeveloped moderate insomnia. The patient was thoroughly investigated and zopiclone was determined to have paradoxically caused the insomnia...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104048/mental-health-in-immigrants-versus-native-population-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Pilar Bas-Sarmiento, María José Saucedo-Moreno, Martina Fernández-Gutiérrez, Miriam Poza-Méndez
: The relationship between psychopathology and migration presents unresolved questions. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is a higher incidence of mental illness among immigrants, to describe the nosologic differences between immigrant and native populations, and to identify the risk factors involved of immigration. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the PubMed, Science Direct, ISI, Scopus, Psycinfo, Cochrane, and Cuiden databases...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103840/more-than-eight-in-every-nineteen-inmates-were-living-with-depression-at-prisons-of-northwest-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-design
#19
Teresa Kisi Beyen, Abel Fikadu Dadi, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Niguse Yigzaw Muluneh, Telake Azale Bisetegn
BACKGROUND: Mental health is the greatest challenges for the current and future generations. Worldwide, out of the 66 million people suffering from depression; majority (85%) were from low and middle income countries. The prevalence was more common among the prisons population than the community. However, a worldwide consideration given to the problems is very low, particularly for prisoners. METHODS: To assess level of depression and associated factors among prisoners in prisons of Northwest Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, Institutional based cross sectional study was employed on 727 prisoners selected by multistage random sampling from three prisons of northwest Amhara...
January 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103761/the-everyday-dynamics-of-rumination-and-worry-precipitant-events-and-affective-consequences
#20
Katharina Kircanski, Renee J Thompson, James Sorenson, Lindsey Sherdell, Ian H Gotlib
Rumination and worry are two perseverative, negatively valenced thought processes that characterise depressive and anxiety disorders. Despite significant research interest, little is known about the everyday precipitants and consequences of rumination and worry. Using an experience sampling methodology, we examined and compared rumination and worry with respect to their relations to daily events and affective experience. Participants diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), co-occurring MDD-GAD, or no diagnosis carried an electronic device for one week and reported on rumination, worry, significant events, positive affect (PA), and negative affect (NA)...
January 20, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
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