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dental ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065430/informed-consent-in-dental-care-and-research-for-the-older-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Amrita Mukherjee, Alicia A Livinski, Joseph Millum, Steffany Chamut, Shahdokht Boroumand, Timothy J Iafolla, Margo R Adesanya, Bruce A Dye
BACKGROUND: Ethics in health care and research is based on the fundamental principle of informed consent. However, informed consent in geriatric dentistry is not well documented. Poor health, cognitive decline, and the passive nature of many geriatric patients complicate this issue. METHODS: The authors completed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors searched the PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005222/effects-of-nerve-growth-factor-and-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-promote-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-to-neural-differentiation
#2
Jinlong Zhang, Min Lian, Peipei Cao, Guofeng Bao, Guanhua Xu, Yuyu Sun, Lingling Wang, Jiajia Chen, Yi Wang, Guijuan Feng, Zhiming Cui
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were the most widely used seed cells in the field of neural regeneration and bone tissue engineering, due to their easily isolation, lack of ethical controversy, low immunogenicity and low rates of transplantation rejection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) on neural differentiation of DPSCs in vitro. DPSCs were cultured in neural differentiation medium containing NGF and bFGF alone or combination for 7 days...
December 22, 2016: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943583/human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-expressing-stro-1-c-kit-and-cd34-markers-in-peripheral-nerve-regeneration
#3
Gianluca Carnevale, Alessandra Pisciotta, Massimo Riccio, Laura Bertoni, Sara De Biasi, Lara Gibellini, Alessio Zordani, Gian Maria Cavallini, Giovanni Battista La Sala, Giacomo Bruzzesi, Adriano Ferrari, Andrea Cossarizza, Anto de Pol
Peripheral nerve injuries are a commonly encountered clinical problem and often result in long-term functional defects. The application of stem cells able to differentiate in Schwann cells-like cells in vitro and in vivo, could represent an attractive therapeutic approach for the treatment of nerve injuries. Further, stem cells sources sharing the same embryological origin of Schwann cells might be considered a suitable tool. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of a neuroectodermal subpopulation of human STRO-1+/c-Kit+/CD34+ DPSCs, expressing P75(NTR) , Nestin and SOX-10, to differentiate into Schwann cells-like cells in vitro and to promote axonal regeneration in vivo, which led to functional recovery as measured by sustained gait improvement, in animal rat model of peripheral nerve injury...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925368/reflections-on-the-encouragement-of-altruism-in-dental-education
#4
A C L Holden
Dental ethics and professionalism are often relegated to being taught on the coat-tails of other disciplines, if they are taught at all. The assumption that students develop professionalism as a by-product of other learned competencies in dentistry is well documented to be false, and yet, little has been done in many institutions to deal with this. This article seeks to propose that altruism should be championed in dental education and that traditional learning through the preaching of professional codes is not the appropriate way to achieve this...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892627/withdrawn-pulp-management-for-caries-in-adults-maintaining-pulp-vitality
#5
REVIEW
Hiroshi Miyashita, Helen V Worthington, Alison Qualtrough, Alphons Plasschaert
BACKGROUND: There is a range of treatment options for the management of the pulp in extensively decayed teeth. These include direct and indirect pulp capping, pulpotomy or pulpectomy. If the tooth is symptomatic or if there are periapical bone changes, then endodontic treatment is required. However, if the tooth is asymptomatic but the caries is extensive, there is no consensus as to the best method of management. In addition, there has been a recent move towards using alternative materials and methods such as the direct or indirect placement of bonding agents and mineral trioxide aggregate...
28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886669/revising-the-american-dental-association-principles-of-ethics-and-code-of-professional-conduct-adding-respect-for-human-dignity-as-the-sixth-principle-of-dental-ethics-to-accommodate-advances-in-genetic-science
#6
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878823/owning-the-tooth-exploring-the-ethical-and-legal-issues-relating-to-the-use-of-extracted-human-teeth-in-dental-education-in-australia
#7
Alexander C L Holden, Susie A Dracopoulos
Extracted human teeth have been used to practice operative techniques for a very long time. As a natural surrogate for a live tooth in vivo, their use has traditionally been very important for the development of skills in trainee dentists, as well as their qualified colleagues who wish to practice existing or new skills. As synthetic alternatives develop greater authenticity, alongside a society in which many retain their natural dentition well into old age, the current paradigm relating to how extracted teeth in dental education are used needs to be re-visited...
November 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872550/waterpipe-smoking-among-health-sciences-university-students-knowledge-attitude-and-patterns-of-use
#8
K H Awan, A Alrshedan, M Al Kahtani, S Patil
INTRODUCTION: Although waterpipe smoking is common in Gulf counties, its prevalence in Saudi Arabia is uncertain. The purposes of this study were (a) to assess the prevalence of waterpipe smoking among healthcare university students in Saudi Arabia and (b) to determine their attitudes and practices of waterpipe smoking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among university students of three different health sciences colleges, namely medical, dental, and pharmacy, of a public university, through random cluster sampling...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857525/association-of-body-mass-index-with-dental-caries-among-malnourished-tribal-children-of-indore-division
#9
Astha Chauhan, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an essential component in human growth, development and maintenance of healthy life. Tribal communities are highly disease prone and do not have the required access to basic health facilities, also having a high degree of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to determine the association of body mass index with dental caries among malnourished tribal children of Indore division (M.P.). METHODS: A cross-sectional house to house survey was carried out among 275 study subjects, 6-15 years old tribal children in two major tribal districts of Indore division...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843829/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-oral-health-care-in-prevention-of-early-childhood-caries-among-parents-of-children-in-belagavi-city-a-questionnaire-study
#10
H P Suma Sogi, Shivayogi M Hugar, Triveni Mohan Nalawade, Anjali Sinha, Shweta Hugar, Rachappa M Mallikarjuna
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the existing knowledge, attitude, and practices of "oral health care" in the prevention of early childhood caries (ECCs) among parents of children in Belagavi city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka. Institutional Ethical Clearance was obtained. The study was conducted during the month of April 2014 to October 2014 after taking prior informed consent from the 218 parents...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803203/exploring-faculty-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-copyright-at-u-s-dental-schools-a-pilot-study
#11
Alison F Doubleday, Abigail Goben
The aims of this pilot study were to investigate current copyright training and support provided to faculty at North American dental schools and to examine faculty members' knowledge and attitudes related to specific copyright issues. In 2015, a survey with questions about faculty members' comfort about their own and their colleagues' knowledge and application of various copyright issues was designed and distributed. True/false questions were asked to determine the extent of knowledge about copyright. Participants were given eight scenarios depicting examples of behavior related to copyright issues and asked to indicate whether the behavior in the scenario was ethical or unethical and compliant with or infringing upon copyright...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790468/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-kap-relating-to-dietary-supplements-among-health-sciences-and-non-health-sciences-students-in-one-of-the-universities-of-united-arab-emirates-uae
#12
Farah Kais Alhomoud, Mohammed Basil, Andrey Bondarev
INTRODUCTION: The use of Dietary Supplements (DS) has increased substantially in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in recent years, despite the fact that the efficacy and safety of these supplements are not proven yet. In addition, the practices of supplement users in the UAE remain undocumented. AIM: To determine the usage of DS in health sciences and non-health sciences students; and to determine their knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding these supplements...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767166/reflection-on-fitness-to-practise
#13
J Brindley
Aim The focus of this review was to identify the role of reflection in continuing dental education. By understanding the expectations that our statutory regulative authority has of their registrants there is an opportunity to help to shape the continued professional development activities undertaken by current registrants in the future.Objective Conduct a review of General Dental Council (GDC) Fitness to Practise cases which were given conditions (restrictions) between February 2012 and November 2015, identifying relevant emergent outcomes in relation the Fitness to Practise (FTP) process...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761416/the-incidence-and-predictors-of-headache-and-myalgia-in-patients-after-electroconvulsive-therapy-ect
#14
Mohammad Haghighi, Abbas Sedighinejad, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Cyrus Emiralavi, Gelareh Biazar, Kaveh Mirmozaffari, Cyrus Zahedan, Mehdi Jafari
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a safe and effective mode of therapy for a wide variety of psychiatric disorders. However, it is associated with some disturbing side effects, such as nausea and vomiting, dental and tongue injury, confusion, dizziness, headache, and myalgia. OBJECTIVES: The present study focused on the evaluation of myalgia and headache and their predictors after ECT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective analytical descriptive study was conducted from October 2014 to January 2015, in an academic hospital in northern Iran...
June 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735105/assessment-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-in-regard-to-child-abuse-in-turkey
#15
E Hazar Bodrumlu, A Avşar, S Arslan
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse is a serious public problem. Signs of abuse are often present in the oro-facial region and dentists are in a strategic position to recognise and report suspected cases. The aim of this study was to investigate dental students' knowledge about and attitudes towards child abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Ondokuz Mayis University. The data were collected through a self-report questionnaire administered to dental students (137 female/111 male) in three different dental classes (third, fourth and fifth study years) and grouped by considering those students who have been training in the school year of 2013...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701725/efficacy-of-e-learning-via-the-website-of-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences-for-diagnosing-tooth-discolorations-and-treatment-planning-by-senior-dental-students
#16
Sedighe Sadat Hashemikamangar, Farnoosh Yazdanpanah, Mansoore Mirzaii, Reza Yazdani, Mohammad Javad Karazifard, Esmaeil Yasini
The efficacy of methods like e-learning as a supplement to traditional face-to-face instruction needs to be evaluated in dental courses. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of posting case presentations on one of the educational websites of  the virtual school of Tehran University of Medical Sciences called "SARMAD" to enhance the ability of senior dental students to diagnose tooth discolorations and offer treatment plans. This experimental study had a pre-test/post-test control group design and was conducted on 63 senior dental students...
August 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694298/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-13-point-measure-of-students-overall-competence-in-community-based-dental-education-programs
#17
Vidya Ramaswamy, Wilhelm Piskorowski, Mark Fitzgerald, Howard A Hamerink, Stephen Stefanac, Rachel Greene, Marilyn S Lantz
Since 2006, the University of Michigan School of Dentistry has used a 13-point measure of overall competence instrument to assess fourth-year dental students' end-rotation performance at community clinics. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of this instrument used by preceptors to rate students' overall competence during community-based dental education experiences. The measure was analyzed using performance ratings for all fourth-year DDS students in the graduating classes of 2012 and 2013 (combined n=201)...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672458/root-canal-stripping-malpractice-or-common-procedural-accident-an-ethical-dilemma-in-endodontics
#18
Ionela Elisabeta Ciobanu, Darian Rusu, Stefan-Ioan Stratul, Andreea Cristina Didilescu, Corina Marilena Cristache
Root canal stripping is defined as an oblong, vertical perforation that appears especially in the middle section of curved root canals during endodontic treatments with nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) instruments. Its occurrence may drastically affect the outcome of the treatment, transforming a common otherwise efficient endodontic procedure into a complication such as tooth extraction. In order to discuss the ethical and legal consequences, two cases of dental strip perforations are herewith presented. Due to the existence of risk factors for dental strip perforation, experience of the clinician and the use of magnification and modern imagistic methods (CBCT) may avoid or reduce the frequency of this type of accidents...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665697/participation-of-patient-community-members-in-communication-classes-for-dental-students-at-tokyo-dental-college
#19
Naoko Takahashi, Hitoshi Yamamoto, Satoshi Murakami, SoIchiro Hirata, Naoki Sugihara, Riuji Mochizuki, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Yuko Sato, Eiji Kawada
In 2009, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology launched its "Program for Promoting University Education and Student Support, Theme A: Program for Promoting University Education Reform". The ministry's stated aims were to 1) enhance student training centered on the needs of the individual patient; 2) improve their ability to make comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plans; and 3) instill high ethical standards and good communication skills. One of the main pillars of this project was to establish an educational organization aimed at encouraging public participation, the "Patient Community"...
2016: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658728/bone-tissue-regeneration-application-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms
#20
Jin Zhang, Jake Chen
The regeneration of damaged bone tissues to a pre-disease state has been a major goal for both clinicians and researchers worldwide. However, critical-sized bone defects which are unable to heal completely are a major clinical concern because effective, evidence-based regenerative therapy is still missing. Bone tissue engineering, aiming at providing novel and effective materials to promote bone regeneration, has been considered as a promising alternative to the traditional use of autografts, allografts and xenografts based on the fact that engineered bone tissue has limitless supply and has no disease transmission...
September 21, 2016: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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