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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769418/application-of-stem-cells-in-denstistry-for-bone-regeneration
#1
R Brozek, M Kurpisz, R Koczorowski
Stem cells constitute a non-specialised cell pool able for proliferation, self-renewal and differentiation into progeny constantly replacing used up tissue and/or organ fragments. They have been observed to be present in many tissue reservoirs, including stomatognathic system. Oral cavity seems to be a particularly attractive stem cells' source as these cells are richly present and easily accessible in dental and periodontal tissues and they can be used for therapeutic purposes. Their application is also morally and ethically non-controversial...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742725/relationship-between-foot-posture-and-dental-malocclusions-in-children-aged-6-to-9-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Ana Marchena-Rodríguez, Noelia Moreno-Morales, Edith Ramírez-Parga, María Teresa Labajo-Manzanares, Alejandro Luque-Suárez, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron
The aim of this study was to determine the association, if any, between foot posture and dental malocclusions in the anteroposterior plane, in children.The study population consisted of 189 children (95 boys and 94 girls) aged 6 to 9 years. In every case, previous informed consent was requested and obtained from the parent/guardian and the study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the University of Málaga (CEUMA 26/2015H).This observational, descriptive, cross-sectional analysis is based on a study population (STROBE)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717074/comparing-practice-management-courses-in-canadian-dental-schools
#3
Dieter J Schonwetter, Barry Schwartz
Practice management has become an increasingly important aspect of dental education over the years in order to better prepare students for the reality of practice. The aim of this study was to quantify and describe practice management courses taught at the ten Canadian dental schools in order to identify common approaches, compare hours, determine types of instructors, and assess the relationship between courses' learning objectives and the Association of Canadian Faculties of Dentistry (ACFD) competencies and Bloom's cognitive levels...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713346/preferred-source-and-perceived-need-of-more-information-about-dental-implants-by-the-undergraduate-dental-students-of-nepal-all-nepal-survey
#4
Arati Sharma, Bidhan Shrestha, Bijay Kumar Chaudhari, Pramita Suwal, Raj Kumar Singh, Surya Raj Niraula, Prakash Kumar Parajuli
Objectives: This study was conducted to know the preferred source and perceived need of more information about dental implants by the undergraduate students of Nepal and their association with academic levels and gender. Materials and Methods: It was conducted in all the dental colleges of Nepal from June 2016 to June 2017 after taking ethical clearance and approval from the research committee of BPKIHS. It included all those who were present at the time of survey...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670734/evolution-of-oral-health-in-oral-cancer-patients-with-and-without-dental-treatment-in-place-before-during-and-after-cancer-treatment
#5
Jesus Nuñez-Aguilar, Ana Fernández-Olavarría, Luis-Guillermo Oliveros-López, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Maria-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Aida Gutiérrez-Corrales, Jose-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez
Background: This study aims to evaluate the influence of two dental treatment protocols, outpatient non-regulated treatment versus supervised hospital treatment, on the oral health of patients undergoing oral cancer (only radiochemotherapy treatment, not surgical) treatment. Material and Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental approach justified on ethical grounds. A total of 41 patients were included in the control group (outpatient non-regulated treatment) and 40 patients in the experimental group (in-hospital supervised treatment)...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652004/factors-associated-with-patients-satisfaction-of-rubber-dam-use-during-root-canal-treatment
#6
Manal Maslamani, Amal K Mitra
Background: The use of rubber dam (RD) has been recommended in dental procedures including root canal treatment. The aim of the study was to identify factors that were associated with patients' satisfaction and acceptance of RD. Setting and Design: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted from January 2015 to December 2016 at Kuwait University School of Dentistry. Materials and Methods: A pretested questionnaire was used by a face-to-face interview of patients after taking informed consent...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628734/the-implications-and-applications-of-nanotechnology-in-dentistry-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Rawan N AlKahtani
The emerging science of nanotechnology, especially within the dental and medical fields, sparked a research interest in their potential applications and benefits in comparison to conventional materials used. Therefore, a better understanding of the science behind nanotechnology is essential to appreciate how these materials can be utilised in our daily practice. The present paper will help the reader understand nanoscience, and the benefits and limitations of nanotechnology by addressing its ethical, social, and health implications...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617743/head-orthosis-therapy-in-positional-plagiocephaly-longitudinal-3d-investigation-of-long-term-outcomes-compared-with-untreated-infants-and-with-a-control-group
#8
Felix Kunz, Tilmann Schweitzer, Stephan Große, Nina Waßmuth, Angelika Stellzig-Eisenhauer, Hartmut Böhm, Philipp Meyer-Marcotty, Christian Linz
Background: As there are very few long-term studies on the effects of head orthosis on deformational plagiocephaly (DP), we investigated the outcomes of patients, including facial symmetry and dental occlusion. Methods: Forty-five infants with DP [cranial vault asymmetry index (CVAI) > 3.5 per cent] were divided into two groups: one treated with head orthosis (32 infants) and another without (13 infants). Another group without head asymmetry (CVAI ≤ 3.5 per cent) served as control...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606653/a-national-survey-of-u-s-dental-students-experiences-with-international-service-trips
#9
R Frederick Lambert, Chloe A Wong, Karl F Woodmansey, Brianna Rowland, Steven O Horne, Brittany Seymour
Globalization, along with the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases, their risk factors, and poor oral health, demands global approaches to oral health care. Trained health care workers' providing volunteer services abroad is one model used for improving access to dental services for some communities. Currently, little is known about U.S. dental student involvement in international clinical service volunteerism. The aim of this exploratory study was to capture national survey data from predoctoral dental students about their interest in and experience with global health service trips...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599593/the-top-10-ethical-challenges-in-dental-practice-in-indian-scenario-dentist-perspective
#10
Vanishree M Kemparaj, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Umashankar Gangadaraiah Kadalur
Aim: This exploratory qualitative research is an attempt to assess the health care ethical challenges in dental practice in an Indian scenario. Methodology: Qualitative indepth interview was conducted on 20 dental professionals to assess the ethical challenges prevailing in dental practice in Indian scenario. After obtaining the responses the verbatims were categorized into categories and finally 36 themes emerged. Later from two group of 6 panellists each after conducting focus group discussion the themes of ethical issues occurring in dental practice were ranked based on order of significance impact on the practice, patient and society using Delphi method...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593793/soft-lithography-and-minimally-human-invasive-technique-for-rapid-screening-of-oral-biofilm-formation-on-new-microfabricated-dental-material-surfaces
#11
Marta Alvarez-Escobar, Sidónio C Freitas, Derek Hansford, Fernando J Monteiro, Alejandro Pelaez-Vargas
Introduction: Microfabrication offers opportunities to study surface concepts focused to reduce bacterial adhesion on implants using human minimally invasive rapid screening (hMIRS). Wide information is available about cell/biomaterial interactions using eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells on surfaces of dental materials with different topographies, but studies using human being are still limited. Objective: To evaluate a synergy of microfabrication and hMIRS to study the bacterial adhesion on micropatterned surfaces for dental materials...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576609/initiating-research-in-a-private-dental-practice
#12
K Hare, N Yadev, C Campbell
Research is an intrinsic part of both academia and clinical best practice. Within an academic environment, this can include access to advice and guidance from trained professionals. Similarly, while sometimes overly risk-averse, within the NHS there is a structured and systematic approach to healthcare research. However, in the UK, a large number of specialist dental procedures take place within the private healthcare system, which does not have access to such support and guidance. How, then, can we generate our own dental research from private dental primary care settings? With a number of phrases becoming part of everyday vocabulary in dental primary care, such as practice-based research, patient-centred outcomes, evidence-based dentistry, it is time to consider this...
March 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563427/dental-biofilm-and-laboratory-microbial-culture-models-for-cariology-research
#13
REVIEW
Ollie Yiru Yu, Irene Shuping Zhao, May Lei Mei, Edward Chin-Man Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
Dental caries form through a complex interaction over time among dental plaque, fermentable carbohydrate, and host factors (including teeth and saliva). As a key factor, dental plaque or biofilm substantially influence the characteristic of the carious lesions. Laboratory microbial culture models are often used because they provide a controllable and constant environment for cariology research. Moreover, they do not have ethical problems associated with clinical studies. The design of the microbial culture model varies from simple to sophisticated according to the purpose of the investigation...
June 19, 2017: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560603/consumer-driven-and-commercialised-practice-in-dentistry-an-ethical-and-professional-problem
#14
A C L Holden
The rise and persistence of a commercial model of healthcare and the potential shift towards the commodification of dental services, provided to consumers, should provoke thought about the nature and purpose of dentistry and whether this paradigm is cause for concern. Within this article, whether dentistry is a commodity and the legitimacy of dentistry as a business is explored and assessed. Dentistry is perceived to be a commodity, dependent upon the context of how services are to be provided and the interpretation of the patient-professional relationship...
March 20, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556461/knowledge-about-human-papillomavirus-hpv-related-oral-cancers-among-oral-health-professionals-in-university-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Shelly Arora, Srinivas Sulugodu Ramachandra, Christopher Squier
Introduction: Scientific literature suggests that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may be associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, knowledge regarding HPV-OSCC link among oral health professionals (OHP) has been insufficient. So, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge about HPV associated OSCC among OHP working in dental faculties in Malaysia. Methodology: Ethical committee of the University approved this study. A validated, pre-tested questionnaire was sent electronically to 224 OHP...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553408/factors-related-to-high-dental-caries-experience-in-palestinian-pregnant-women-in-the-jerusalem-governorate-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Elham Kateeb, Elizabeth Momany
BACKGROUND: Beliefs about oral health during pregnancy demographic factors, such as level of education and socioeconomic status, are associated with an increased risk of oral diseases during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status of pregnant women and the relation to the women's oral health knowledge, beliefs, behaviour, and access to dental care. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, pregnant women visiting pre-natal care clinics at the Palestinian Ministry of Health centres in the Jerusalem governorate were invited to complete a structured interview with questions about beliefs about oral health care and their oral hygiene practices...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550021/ethical-and-legal-ramifications-of-using-diode-lasers-for-nonsurgical-periodontal-therapy
#17
Robert A Convissar
BACKGROUND: Lasers are promoted as viable adjunctive treatment methods for nonsurgical periodontal pocket reduction; however, the literature supporting this use is lacking. Multiple meta-analyses found no benefit to laser use for this procedure. The American Dental Association issued clinical practice guidelines about laser use in periodontal pockets, concluding that diode, neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet, and erbium lasers have no benefit as adjunctive therapies to scaling and root planing...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533155/screening-children-for-caries-an-ethical-dilemma-in-nigeria
#18
Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Bridget Gabriella Haire, Abiola A Adeniyi, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
Dental caries is the main oral health challenge for children in Nigeria. Concern about its negative impact makes screening for caries in children an attractive public health strategy. The ability to detect the preclinical phase of caries, the availability of screening tools with high accuracy, and the possibility of treatment before onset of clinical symptoms with significant cost and health benefits, makes it appropriate for screening. However in Nigeria, the poor availability of highly specific and sensitive screening tools, poor access to oral health care and concerns with pre-screening consent, raise the question of the appropriateness of conducting screening programmes for children...
March 13, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533131/the-hospice-patient-s-right-to-oral-care-making-time-for-the-mouth
#19
Kristi Soileau, Nanette Elster
The hospice philosophy embraces palliative care for the terminally ill, for whom quality of life is the central focus of comfort care management. Often, caregivers hesitate or simply do not elect to extend oral care for patients nearing the end of life, due to difficulties encountered in patient compliance, a sense of futility in doing so, staff time constraints in prioritizing care, underfunding, or a lack of education as to how and why such care should be delivered to the hospice patient. This article aims to show physiological and psychosocial reasons why the hospice patient has a need for properly and regularly implemented oral care and why dental professionals have an ethical responsibility to address the current void that exists in hospice-centered oral care...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532813/ethical-dilemmas-of-dental-implantology-ready-for-aftercare
#20
Dominik Gross, Karin Gross, Mathias Schmidt
Dental implantology is one of the most attractive and dynamic fields of work within clinical dentistry. It provides many patients with new and improved opportunities for stable (implant-supported) rehabilitation and also offers dentists a field that is interesting in both technical and economic terms. Adverse clinical outcomes are, however, often the subject of discussion. These relate both to prosthetic failure and to biologic complications and side effects, namely persistent infections surrounding implants...
March 12, 2018: Quintessence International
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