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dental ethics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431481/arab-dentists-refusal-to-treat-hiv-positive-patients-a-survey-of-recently-graduated-dentists-from-three-arab-dental-schools
#1
Arheiam Arheiam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Mohamed Ingafou, Asma El-Howiti, Kamis Gaballah, Wafaa AbdelAziz
OBJECTIVE: To assess intended refusal of recent graduates from three Arab dental schools to treat HIV + patients and factors associated with this intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015, convenience samples of recent dental graduates were included from Libya, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Participants responded to a questionnaire assessing personal background, knowledge of oral manifestations and fluids transmitting HIV, perceived adequacy of training and self-efficacy to manage blood exposures, attitude to risk of infection, moral beliefs and willingness to treat HIV + patients...
April 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423453/periodontal-treatment-in-private-dental-practice-a-case-based-survey
#2
I Darby, S-Y Barrow, B Cvetkovic, R Musolino, S Wise, C Yung, D Bailey
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the management and referral patterns of Victorian general dental practitioners based on periodontal diagnosis. METHODS: Following ethics approval, Victorian general dental practitioners were invited to complete five randomised text-based periodontitis scenario questionnaires. Based on their diagnosis respondents were asked for their management options and asked to specify who would perform these treatments. Respondents were also asked about referral procedures...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413600/screening-the-use-of-informed-consent-forms-prior-to-procedures-involving-operative-dentistry-ethical-aspects
#3
Livia Graziele Rodrigues, João Batista De Souza, Erica Miranda De Torres, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
Background. The present study aimed to screen the knowledge and attitudes of dentists toward the use of informed consent forms prior to procedures involving operative dentistry. Methods. A research tool containing questions (questionnaire) regarding the use of informed consent forms was developed. The questionnaire consisted of seven questions structured to screen the current practice in operative dentistry towards the use of informed consent forms. Results. The questionnaires were distributed among 731 dentists, of which 179 returned them with answers...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377649/comparative-evaluation-of-clinical-and-radiographic-success-of-formocresol-propolis-turmeric-gel-and-calcium-hydroxide-on-pulpotomized-primary-molars-a-preliminary-study
#4
Shivayogi M Hugar, Pratibha Kukreja, Shweta S Hugar, Niraj Gokhale, Harsha Assudani
AIMS: Despite various advents in technology, the present era marks a shift to phytotherapeutics and alternative modalities to conventional endodontic treatments. Newer endodontic modalities have been developed inculcating the ancient system of medicine. The present study was done to compare and evaluate the clinical pulp response and radiographic signs after pulpotomy in four groups of primary molar teeth treated with formocresol (control), propolis extract, turmeric gel, and calcium hydroxide respectively...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369799/effect-of-dental-pulp-stem-cells-in-mptp-induced-old-aged-mice-model
#5
Nareshwaran Gnanasegaran, Vijayendran Govindasamy, Christopher Simon, Quan Fu Gan, Vui King Vincent-Chong, Vasudevan Mani, Kesavanarayanan Krishnan Selvarajan, Vellayan Subramaniam, Sabri Musa, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by the loss of dopaminergic (DA-ergic) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) and represent as a huge threat to the geriatric population. Cell-replacement therapies (CRTs) have been proposed as a promising strategy to slow down or replace neuronal loss. Among the widely available cell sources, dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) portray as an attractive source primarily due to their neural crest origin, ease of tissue procurement and less ethical hurdles MATERIALS AND METHODS: We first demonstrated the in vitro differentiation ability of DPSCs towards DA-ergic-like cells before evaluating their neuro-protection/neuro-restoration capacities in MPTP-induced mice...
March 30, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301011/research-reporting-guidelines-in-dentistry-a-survey-of-editors
#6
Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci, David Moher, Tatiana Pereira-Cenci
The use of reporting guidelines has an important role in the development of health research, improving the quality and precision of the publications. This study evaluated how dental journals use reporting guidelines. All editors of dental journals registered on the 2013 Journal Citation Reports list (n=81) were invited to participate. The data were collected by a self-reported web-based questionnaire. Information about the profile of journal/editor and on the use of reporting guidelines by journals was gathered...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299268/role-of-addition-of-dexamethasone-to-lignocaine-2-with-adrenaline-in-dental-nerve-blocks-for-third-molar-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#7
Saroj Prasad Deo
CONTEXT: Dexamethasone has been frequently used in oral surgical procedure and accepted by oral and maxillofacial surgeon community worldwide. However, this is the first clinical trial that used dexamethasone as adjuvant with lignocaine in dental nerve block (DNB). AIMS: The purpose of this double-blind, randomized control trial (RCT) was to compare the effect of dexamethasone with normal saline (NS) in a lignocaine DNB. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This prospective, double-blind, RCT was carried out after obtaining approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298815/ethical-guidelines-animal-profile-various-animal-models-used-in-periodontal-research-with-alternatives-and-future-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Mohan Kumar Pasupuleti, Subramanya Shetty Molahally, Supraja Salwaji
Laboratory animal models serve as a facilitator to investigate the etiopathogenesis of periodontal disease, are used to know the efficacy of reconstructive and regenerative procedures, and are also helpful in evaluation of newer therapeutic techniques including laser and implant therapies prior to application in the human beings. The aim of this review is to know the different animal models used in various specialties of dental research and to know the ethical guidelines prior to the usage of experimental models with main emphasis on how to refine, replace, and reduce the number of animal models usage in the laboratory...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292602/investigation-of-human-dental-pulp-cells-on-a-potential-injectable-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-microsphere-scaffold
#9
Huiru Zou, Guanhua Wang, Fang Song, Xudong Shi
INTRODUCTION: Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) has been extensively explored in the tissue engineering field with good biocompatibility and biodegradability. PLGA microspheres' injectable potency makes it highly desirable in dentin-pulp complex regeneration. Therefore, we investigated the cell adhesion, proliferation, odontogenic differentiation, and matrix mineralization of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs) on a PLGA microsphere scaffold. We hypothesized that this scaffold might be suitable for dentin-pulp complex regeneration...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276614/adherence-to-confidentiality-principles-from-the-viewpoint-of-iranian-dental-students-a-multicenter-study
#10
A Ghodousi, M Abedzadeh, M Ketabi, Parichehr Zarean, Paridokht Zarean
INTRODUCTION: Confidentiality is a basic ethical principle appreciating human autonomy, relationships, and dignity and in medical research has a long history. In dental practice, it has the same importance as medical field. Therefore, providing patients with information about the confidentiality will promote their confidence in dental professionals and prevent legal conflicts. The present study sought to evaluate the knowledge and viewpoints of dental students about patient confidentiality...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270704/role-of-ethical-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-in-providing-care-for-hiv-aids-patients
#11
Saad Ahmed Khan, Min Li Liew, Hanan Omar
INTRODUCTION: Dental care has remained as an unmet need for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). Dental students are considered as future healthcare workforce and having beliefs which are discriminating may have negative attitudes towards providing care to these individuals (Azodo et al., 2010). The study aimed to assess the ethical beliefs and attitudes of dental students towards PLWHAs for providing care. METHODS: It is a descriptive correlational and cross sectional study...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250033/cross-sectional-analysis-of-national-dental-residency-match-data
#12
Sivaraman Prakasam, Patrick Brady, Veeratrishul Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Kyungsup Shin, Romesh Nalliah, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
The Dental Residency Match (DRM) program provides an ethical and unbiased selection process for applicants to postdoctoral dental programs, based on mutual interests of applicants and programs. The aims of this study were to conduct a descriptive analysis of DRM metrics for the years 2008 to 2015 and to test the hypothesis that there was a difference in number of ranks submitted between programs that filled all their offered positions and those that did not. DRM metrics data from years 2008 to 2015 were obtained from the National Matching Service...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215057/efficacy-of-human-platelet-rich-fibrin-exudate-vs-fetal-bovine-serum-on-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#13
Mahmoud A Saeed, Mohamed Abd El-Rahman, Mohamed E Helal, Ahmed R Zaher, Mohammed E Grawish
Background and Objectives: The imperative role of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in regenerative therapy demands an in-vitro expansion which must deal with the safety and ethical problems associated with fetal bovine serum (FBS). The primary aim of this study was to compare the effects of human platelet rich fibrin (hPRF) exudate Vs FBS on proliferation and osteodifferentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). The secondary one was to determine the optimum concentration of hPRF exudate inducing hDPSCs proliferation and osteodifferentiation...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203502/effect-of-relaxing-incisions-on-the-maxillary-growth-after-primary-unilateral-cleft-palate-repair-in-mild-and-moderate-cases-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Percy Rossell-Perry, Omar Cotrina-Rabanal, Olga Figallo-Hudtwalcker, Alicia Gonzalez-Vereau
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the use of relaxing incisions and maxillary growth disturbance after primary palatoplasty in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. METHODS: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled trial study with ethical committee approval between 2 groups of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate who were operated on using the two-flap and one-flap techniques from 2008 to 2011...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174372/child-abuse-and-neglect-do-we-know-enough-a-cross-sectional-study-of-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-of-dentists-regarding-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-pune-india
#15
Suruchi Malpani, Jatin Arora, Gunjeeta Diwaker, Priyajeet Kaur Kaleka, Aditi Parey, Parinita Bontala
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse and neglect (CAN) is a significant global problem with a serious impact on the victims throughout their lives. Dentists have the unique opportunity to address this problem. However, reporting such cases has become a sensitive issue due to the uncertainty of the diagnosis. The authors are testing the knowledge of the dentists toward CAN and also trying to question the efforts of the educational institutions to improve this knowledge for the better future of the younger generation...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155775/oral-health-and-the-nurse%C3%A2-s-role-in-qu%C3%A3-bec
#16
Hermina Harnagea
Various international health care organizations strongly recommend the implication of non-dental health care professionals in oral health. Consequently, nurses are currently often required to question their ability to manage patients’ oral health-related problems, as well as the very meaning of their management of patients in such situations. The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the role of the nurse in the management of oral health. Professional associations and academic institutions involved in the development of nursing professional skills, and health policymakers involved in decisions concerning the geographical distribution of nursing personnel and adoption of laws in Quebec, act in a disconnected manner, independently from dental professionals and without taking into account the actual oral health care needs of the various categories of beneficiaries...
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150188/customized-smartpeg-for-measurement-of-resonance-frequency-of-mini-dental-implants
#17
Jagjit Singh Dhaliwal, Rubens F Albuquerque, Ali Fakhry, Sukhbir Kaur, Jocelyne S Feine
BACKGROUND: One-piece narrow diameter implants (NDIs) have been recommended as "Single-tooth replacements in the anterior zones, single posterior, multiple-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP), edentulous jaws to be rehabilitated with FDP, and edentulous jaws rehabilitation with overdentures in situations with reduced mesiodistal space or reduced ridge width." (ITI consensus 2013). Since NDIs can be immediately loaded, it is important to be able to carry out stability testing. We developed and validated a customized SmartPeg for this type of implant to measure the Implant Stability Quotient (ISQ)...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149193/sheep-as-an-experimental-model-for-biomaterial-implant-evaluation
#18
Suelen Cristina Sartoretto, Marcelo José Uzeda, Fúlvio Borges Miguel, Jhonathan Raphaell Nascimento, Fabio Ascoli, Mônica Diuana Calasans-Maia
OBJECTIVE: Based on a literature review and on our own experience, this study proposes sheep as an experimental model to evaluate the bioactive capacity of bone substitute biomaterials, dental implant systems and orthopedics devices. The literature review covered relevant databases available on the Internet from 1990 until to date, and was supplemented by our own experience. METHODS: For its resemblance in size and weight to humans, sheep are quite suitable for use as an experimental model...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143414/impact-of-oral-hygiene-involving-toothbrushing-versus-chlorhexidine-in-the-prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-a-randomized-study
#19
Claudia Fernanda de Lacerda Vidal, Aurora Karla de Lacerda Vidal, José Gildo de Moura Monteiro, Aracele Cavalcanti, Ana Paula Trindade Henriques, Márcia Oliveira, Michele Godoy, Mirella Coutinho, Pollyanna Dutra Sobral, Claudia Ângela Vilela, Bárbara Gomes, Marta Amorim Leandro, Ulisses Montarroyos, Ricardo de Alencar Ximenes, Heloísa Ramos Lacerda
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial pneumonia has correlated to dental plaque and to oropharynx colonization in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. The interruption of this process, by preventing colonization of pathogenic bacteria, represents a potential procedure for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). METHODS: The study design was a prospective, randomized trial to verify if oral hygiene through toothbrushing plus chlorhexidine in gel at 0.12% reduces the incidence of ventilatior-associated pneumonia, the duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of hospital stay and the mortality rate in ICUs, when compared to oral hygiene only with chlorhexidine, solution of 0...
January 31, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129800/an-important-change-to-the-american-dental-association-principles-of-ethics-and-code-of-professional-conduct-the-evolution-of-section-5-h-and-a-new-perspective-on-the-announcement-of-specialties
#20
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