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dental ethics

J Brindley
Aim The focus of this review was to identify the role of reflection in continuing dental education. By understanding the expectations that our statutory regulative authority has of their registrants there is an opportunity to help to shape the continued professional development activities undertaken by current registrants in the future.Objective Conduct a review of General Dental Council (GDC) Fitness to Practise cases which were given conditions (restrictions) between February 2012 and November 2015, identifying relevant emergent outcomes in relation the Fitness to Practise (FTP) process...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Mohammad Haghighi, Abbas Sedighinejad, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Cyrus Emiralavi, Gelareh Biazar, Kaveh Mirmozaffari, Cyrus Zahedan, Mehdi Jafari
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a safe and effective mode of therapy for a wide variety of psychiatric disorders. However, it is associated with some disturbing side effects, such as nausea and vomiting, dental and tongue injury, confusion, dizziness, headache, and myalgia. OBJECTIVES: The present study focused on the evaluation of myalgia and headache and their predictors after ECT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective analytical descriptive study was conducted from October 2014 to January 2015, in an academic hospital in northern Iran...
June 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
E Hazar Bodrumlu, A Avşar, S Arslan
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse is a serious public problem. Signs of abuse are often present in the oro-facial region and dentists are in a strategic position to recognise and report suspected cases. The aim of this study was to investigate dental students' knowledge about and attitudes towards child abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Ondokuz Mayis University. The data were collected through a self-report questionnaire administered to dental students (137 female/111 male) in three different dental classes (third, fourth and fifth study years) and grouped by considering those students who have been training in the school year of 2013...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Sedighe Sadat Hashemikamangar, Farnoosh Yazdanpanah, Mansoore Mirzaii, Reza Yazdani, Mohammad Javad Karazifard, Esmaeil Yasini
The efficacy of methods like e-learning as a supplement to traditional face-to-face instruction needs to be evaluated in dental courses. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of posting case presentations on one of the educational websites of  the virtual school of Tehran University of Medical Sciences called "SARMAD" to enhance the ability of senior dental students to diagnose tooth discolorations and offer treatment plans. This experimental study had a pre-test/post-test control group design and was conducted on 63 senior dental students...
August 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
Vidya Ramaswamy, Wilhelm Piskorowski, Mark Fitzgerald, Howard A Hamerink, Stephen Stefanac, Rachel Greene, Marilyn S Lantz
Since 2006, the University of Michigan School of Dentistry has used a 13-point measure of overall competence instrument to assess fourth-year dental students' end-rotation performance at community clinics. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of this instrument used by preceptors to rate students' overall competence during community-based dental education experiences. The measure was analyzed using performance ratings for all fourth-year DDS students in the graduating classes of 2012 and 2013 (combined n=201)...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Ionela Elisabeta Ciobanu, Darian Rusu, Stefan-Ioan Stratul, Andreea Cristina Didilescu, Corina Marilena Cristache
Root canal stripping is defined as an oblong, vertical perforation that appears especially in the middle section of curved root canals during endodontic treatments with nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) instruments. Its occurrence may drastically affect the outcome of the treatment, transforming a common otherwise efficient endodontic procedure into a complication such as tooth extraction. In order to discuss the ethical and legal consequences, two cases of dental strip perforations are herewith presented. Due to the existence of risk factors for dental strip perforation, experience of the clinician and the use of magnification and modern imagistic methods (CBCT) may avoid or reduce the frequency of this type of accidents...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Naoko Takahashi, Hitoshi Yamamoto, Satoshi Murakami, SoIchiro Hirata, Naoki Sugihara, Riuji Mochizuki, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Yuko Sato, Eiji Kawada
In 2009, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology launched its "Program for Promoting University Education and Student Support, Theme A: Program for Promoting University Education Reform". The ministry's stated aims were to 1) enhance student training centered on the needs of the individual patient; 2) improve their ability to make comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plans; and 3) instill high ethical standards and good communication skills. One of the main pillars of this project was to establish an educational organization aimed at encouraging public participation, the "Patient Community"...
2016: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Jin Zhang, Jake Chen
The regeneration of damaged bone tissues to a pre-disease state has been a major goal for both clinicians and researchers worldwide. However, critical-sized bone defects which are unable to heal completely are a major clinical concern because effective, evidence-based regenerative therapy is still missing. Bone tissue engineering, aiming at providing novel and effective materials to promote bone regeneration, has been considered as a promising alternative to the traditional use of autografts, allografts and xenografts based on the fact that engineered bone tissue has limitless supply and has no disease transmission...
September 21, 2016: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Nada A Soliman, Rania Elalaily, Salvatore Di Maio, Elsaid M A Bedair, Islam Kassem, Giuseppe Millimaggi
Unaccompanied minors refer to immigrants who are under the age of 18 and are not under the care of a parent or legal guardian. Age assessment is used in Europe mainly to establish whether or not an individual is under 18 years of age and therefore eligible for protection under the United Nations' Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN - CRC). EU Member States use a combination of techniques to determine the age of a minor and to certify minor status, including interviews and documentation, physical examinations (anthropometric assessment; sexual maturity assessment; dental observation); psychological and sociological assessment; radiological tests (carpal, dental or collarbone x-rays)...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
S S Oberoi, A Rekhi
Background: Dentists have an ethical responsibility to provide treatment to HIV-infected patients, particularly because oral lesions are common among these patients. However, there are no official guidelines as to how to treat people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWHA) HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or how to screen for potentially infectious people. It is obvious that having adequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS enhances confidence in ability to manage infected patients...
March 9, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Barbara Hohensinn, Renate Haselgrübler, Ulrike Müller, Verena Stadlbauer, Peter Lanzerstorfer, Gerald Lirk, Otmar Höglinger, Julian Weghuber
BACKGROUND: Dietary inorganic nitrate (NO3(-)) and its reduced forms nitrite (NO2(-)) and nitric oxide (NO), respectively, are of critical importance for host defense in the oral cavity. High concentrations of salivary nitrate are linked to a lower prevalence of caries due to growth inhibition of cariogenic bacteria. OBJECTIVE: In-vitro studies suggest that the formation of antimicrobial NO results in an increase of the pH preventing erosion of tooth enamel. The purpose of this study was to prove this effect in-vivo...
September 1, 2016: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Rajni Aggarwal, Prashant Babaji, S Senthil Nathan, George Attokaran, S M Santosh Kumar, Sharanpriya Sathnoorkar
AIM: The present study aims to compare the peri-implant bone status around immediately loaded dental implants treated with aminobisphosphonate solution and untreated control implants in terms of clinical and radiographical parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients were randomly divided equally into two groups. This study was conducted in accordance to the Helsinki's declaration of 1975, revised in 2000, and with the approval of the institutional ethical committee...
July 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Neeraj Malhotra
iPS cells are derived from somatic cells via transduction and expression of selective transcription factors. Both viral-integrating (like retroviral) and non-integrating (like, mRNA or protein-based) techniques are available for the production of iPS cells. In the field of dentistry, iPS cells have been derived from stem cells of apical papilla, dental pulp stem cells, and stem cells from exfoliated deciduous teeth, gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts, and buccal mucosa fibroblasts. iPS cells have the potential to differentiate into all derivatives of the 3 primary germ layers i...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Stem Cells
E Widström, A Tillberg, L I Byrkjeflot, R Skudutyte-Rysstad
Objective and setting In Norway, the Public Dental Service (PDS) caters for the young (<19 years) and smaller numbers of adults, mostly special needs patients. This study surveyed chair-side preventive measures used in the public clinics and compared them with recommendations in evidence-based guidelines in the neighbouring countries.Materials and methods After ethical approval, the regional Chief Dental Officers (CDOs) emailed questionnaires to their local clinics (N = 421) where the most experienced dentist and dental hygienist were asked to respond on behalf of the clinic...
August 26, 2016: British Dental Journal
Elise W Sarvas, Scott A Schwantes, Jeffrey M Karp
Pediatric dentists are the primary providers of dental homes for children with life-threatening and complex chronic conditions. These children are increasingly living at home and seeking health care in community-based settings, including dental offices. Pediatric dentists may feel ill prepared to assume the roles and responsibilities of a pediatric palliative care provider due to limited education and training during dental school and residency; however, they should be sensitive to the palliative care needs of children and families...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Samta Mittal, Suma Gundareddy Nagendrareddy, Manisha Lakhanpal Sharma, Poornapragna Agnihotri, Sunil Chaudhary, Manu Dhillon
INTRODUCTION: Age estimation is important for administrative and ethical reasons and also because of legal consequences. Dental pulp undergoes regression in size with increasing age due to secondary dentin deposition and can be used as a parameter of age estimation even beyond 25 years of age. Kvaal et al. developed a method for chronological age estimation based on the pulp size using periapical dental radiographs. There is a need for testing this method of age estimation in the Indian population using simple tools like digital imaging on living individuals not requiring extraction of teeth...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
Yu-Ri Choi, Sun-Ok Jang, Youn-Soo Shim, Gyeong-Soon Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
M Chow, S Costain, M Brosnan, C Murray
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sugar, a known aetiological factor in dental decay, has been used in paediatric medications as a bulking agent, preservative and to improve taste. Although artificial sweeteners have largely replaced sugar, some prescribed and over-the-counter (OTC) paediatric medications and supplements containing sugar are still available in New Zealand. Little is currently known about the knowledge, opinions and practices of staff in NZ pharmacies regarding sugar-containing paediatric medications...
June 2016: New Zealand Dental Journal
A C Patrick
This study considers the role and status of the teaching of ethics on the dental undergraduate curriculum. The study reviews current developments in the delivery of dental ethics education and in particular focuses on the development of new pedagogies and curricula content. The study then critically considers the consequences of a squeezed curricula and the consequent reliance on professional regulation as shorthand for the ethical development of students. The study concludes that, although great strides have been made in improving the teaching of ethics in dental education, further dialogue is needed to better include patient views and develop a more theoretically robust approach to self-reflection...
August 6, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Chandrashekar Janakiram, Farheen Taha
Screening is the detection of disease at a point in its natural history when it is not yet symptomatic. In the natural history of dental caries, for example, the incipient lesions are at a reversible stage, which is a pre-symptomatic or an unrecognised symptomatic disease. Ideally, this is the stage during which screening should identify the risk of dental caries; however, presently, the so-called dental screening employed identifies the clinical cavitation of the tooth, which is very obvious to the individual...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
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