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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120252/interprofessional-ethics-education-seminar-for-undergraduate-health-science-students-a-pilot-study
#1
Kathleen Cino, Rita Austin, Cristina Casa, Christine Nebocat, Adele Spencer
To prepare for the modern collaborative healthcare system, health science academia is charged with educating future professionals to be competent members of the interprofessional team. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess self-efficacy for interprofessional education (IPE) in medical laboratory technology, dental hygiene, and nursing students before and after an IPE session. The specific topic of ethics was the focus of the session. The interprofessional seminar was designed to compare the codes of ethics from each programme through discussion and a case-based approach...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114060/ethics-rounds-death-after-pediatric-dental-anesthesia-an-avoidable-tragedy
#2
Helen Lee, Peter Milgrom, Colleen E Huebner, Philip Weinstein, Wylie Burke, Erika Blacksher, John D Lantos
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the single most common chronic childhood disease. In the treatment of ECC, children are often given moderate sedation or general anesthesia. An estimated 100 000 to 250 000 pediatric dental sedations are performed annually in the United States. The most common medications are benzodiazepines, opioids, local anesthetics, and nitrous oxide. All are associated with serious adverse events, including hypoxemia, respiratory depression, airway obstruction, and death. There is no mandated reporting of adverse events or deaths, so we don't know how often these occur...
November 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093143/observed-altruism-in-dental-students-an-experiment-using-the-ultimatum-game
#3
Parker A S Crutchfield, Justin S Jarvis, Terry L Olson, Matthew S Wilson
The conventional wisdom in dental and medical education is that dental and medical students experience "ethical erosion" over the duration of dental and medical school. There is some evidence for this claim, but in the case of dental education the evidence consists entirely of survey research, which does not measure behavior. The aim of this study was to measure the altruistic behavior of dental students in order to fill the significant gap in knowledge of how students are disposed to behave, rather than how they are disposed to think...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076686/ethics-in-health-care-settings-practices-of-healthcare-professionals-and-perceptions-of-patients-regarding-informed-consent-confidentiality-and-privacy-at-two-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-islamabad-pakistan
#4
Sonia Riaz, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Tariq Jafar
BACKGROUND: Medical profession works within thin lines of professionalism and trust. Faith of the patients often breached but less reported among the Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). In Pakistan, though the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) have its own code of medical ethics but there isn't much evidence on regulating ethical misconducts. Apart from the gross violations of the code of conduct, the "insensible" misuse of informed consent, confidentiality and privacy is very common...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074930/does-student-debt-affect-dental-students-and-dentists-stress-levels
#5
J D Boyles, B Ahmed
Introduction Many studies have shown financial worries and debt to induce stress in individuals, this combined with the existing stress of being a dentist raises the question of how student debt affects students' and dentists' stress levels.Objectives Determine whether student debt has had any noticeable effect on student stress levels; investigate whether student debt has any effect on dentists' career choice; investigate whether the increase in tuition fees has influenced the number of applicants to study dentistry at the University of Birmingham...
October 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072433/life-outside-the-operatory-and-dental-ethics
#6
Kenneth Jacobs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067052/utilization-focused-evaluation-at-bahria-university-medical-dental-college
#7
Rehana Rehman, Rabiya Ali, Hina Moazzam, Saifullah Shaikh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate integrated learning program of neurosciences for continuation of integrated learning in the forthcoming teaching and learning modules of undergraduate medical curriculum at Bahria University Medical & Dental College (BUMDC). METHODS: A mixed method design was conducted from August 2016to February2017 after ethical approval from BUMDC. The quantitative aspect was evaluated retrospectively by desk records ofmarks obtained in integrated module and nonintegrated module...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026699/comparison-of-the-clinical-biological-width-with-the-published-standard-histologic-mean-values
#8
Fatme Mouchref Hamasni, Fady El Hajj
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Biologic width (BW) as defined by Cohen is the part of the supracrestal gingival tissues that occupy the space between the base of the gingival crevice and the alveolar crest; it includes the junctional epithelium and the connective tissue element. Interactions between dental crowns and the marginal periodontal tissues analyzed in many review papers concluded that the recognition of the BW, in terms of crown margin placement, is beneficial for periodontal health. Therefore, knowledge of the dimensions of the sum of the junctional epithelium and connective tissue attachment as well as the sulcus depth (SD) is of clinical relevance...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016594/application-of-ultraviolet-light-in-dental-identification-of-avalanche-victims
#9
Nitin Kumar Agrawal, Samarika Dahal, Harihar Wasti, Alistair Soon
In any disaster, it becomes important to identify the deceased for ethical, social and legal causes.Out of the numerous methods of identification, dental comparison is considered to be one of the scientific methods in a Disaster Victim Identification process. The two victims of avalanche in Nepal were identified using dental comparison. The two bodies brought for examination were unidentifiable visually. To aid identification of tooth coloured restorations, ultraviolet light was used. The ultraviolet light made the tooth coloured restorations appear distinct from the adjacent tooth structure in one of the cases...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988413/oral-health-of-children-and-adolescents-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-and-mother-s-sense-of-coherence
#10
Natália Cristina Ruy Carneiro, Tahyná Duda Deps, Esdras Campos França, Eugênia Ribeiro Valadares, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira
AIMS: The purpose of this study is assess the association between mother's Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the oral health status of children with and without mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 29 children/adolescents with MPS and 29 children/adolescents without MPS, and their mothers in Brazil. Mothers completed the Antonovsky's SOC instrument (SOC-13) and their children's oral cavity had been examined for developmental defects of enamel (DDE), occlusal problems, dental caries (DMFT/dmft) and oral hygiene...
October 8, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967406/effects-of-mouth-rehabilitation-with-removable-complete-dentures-on-stimulus-perception-and-the-electromyographic-activity-of-the-orbicularis-oris-muscle
#11
Fernanda P de Caxias, Daniela M Dos Santos, Marcelo C Goiato, Sandro B Bitencourt, Emily V F da Silva, Murilo C B Laurindo-Junior, Karina H L Turcio
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Many elderly individuals are rehabilitated with removable complete dentures, which require an initial adaptation period for both oral perception and the perioral muscles. Studies assessing the changes in stimulus perception and the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the orbicularis oris muscle shortly after conventional complete denture insertion are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the effect of mouth rehabilitation with removable complete dentures on stimulus perception and the EMG activity of the orbicularis oris muscle...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966290/oral-function-and-nutritional-status-among-the-elderly-with-facial-and-oral-tactile-hypersensitivity-who-are-under-long-term-care
#12
Maki Shirobe, Rena Nakayama, Hirohiko Hirano, Yuki Ohara, Keiko Endo, Yutaka Watanabe, Chiyoko Hakuta
Objective In oral health care, a refusal action can cause difficulties, and tactile hypersensitivity (TH) may be a contributing factor. People with TH of the face and mouth clench their jaws. Despite numerous reports on TH among children with disabilities, reports on TH in the elderly who are under long-term care are scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate TH among the elderly who are under long-term care.Methods We selected 80 residents (8 men and 72 women; mean age: 91.1±6.2y) in a Tokyo nursing home and investigated the presence of TH in them...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937140/how-the-vision-of-a-clinician-and-an-educator-brought-the-ma-dental-law-and-ethics-course-to-life
#13
H S Wassif, L D'Cruz
This paper reflects on an educational development, a dental law and ethics course, as the course approaches its fifth anniversary. The authors outline their personal journey into developing and delivering this course, as well as sharing their best practice in relation to teaching dental postgraduate students who may approach the subject in different ways. It also highlights the vision behind this provision and how it is received by dental practitioners. The paper shares the learners' perception of topics such as ethics in comparison to law, and it highlights the perspective of both authors in teaching and following the students' journey in this course...
September 22, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924271/dental-graduates-perspective-of-professionalism-competences-from-a-developing-country
#14
Shehla Choudhry, Raheela Yasmeen, Syed Akhter Hossain Bokhari, Gohar Wajid, Ayyaz Ali Khan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perception of fresh dental graduates regarding professional competences essential for a graduating dentist. METHODS: This quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at four public and four private sector dental colleges in Punjab, Pakistan, from June to December 2014, and comprised dental graduates of the years 2013 and 2014. A comprehensive document containing 32 professionalism competences, divided into 3 sub-domains, was developed based on the competence documents of local and foreign accrediting bodies...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913645/local-analgesia-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-pharmacologic-agents
#15
REVIEW
G Klingberg, K Ridell, S Brogårdh-Roth, M Vall, H Berlin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence supporting effects and adverse effects of local analgesia using different pharmacological agents and injection techniques during dental treatment in children and adolescents aged 3-19 years. METHODS: A systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus was conducted in November 2016. The PRISMA-statement was followed. Two review authors independently assessed the selected randomised control trials for risk of bias and quality...
October 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910382/refining-experimental-dental-implant-testing-in-the-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipig-using-3d-computed-tomography-a-morphometric-study-of-the-mandibular-canal
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Giuliano M Corte, Johanna Plendl, Hana Hünigen, Kenneth C Richardson, Ole Gemeinhardt, Stefan M Niehues
This study reports morphometric and age-related data of the mandibular canal and the alveolar ridge of the Göttingen Minipig to avoid complications during in vivo testing of endosseus dental implants and to compare these data with the human anatomy. Using 3D computed tomography, six parameters of the mandibular canal as well as the alveolar bone height and the alveolar ridge width were measured in Göttingen Minipigs aged 12, 17 and 21 months. Our null hypothesis assumes that the age and the body mass have an influence on the parameters measured...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865815/evaluation-of-the-need-for-antibiotic-prophylaxis-during-routine-intra-alveolar-dental-extractions-in-healthy-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#17
Sunil Sidana, Yusuf Mistry, Adil Gandevivala, Nitesh Motwani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized double-blind controlled trial was to evaluate the role of antibiotics in the perioperative period of dental extractions in healthy patients. METHODS: The study population included patients visiting the outpatient department of our institute. Four hundred patients were selected and randomly divided into 4 groups and underwent routine dental extraction. In group A, patients were prescribed only anti-inflammatory drugs in the postoperative period...
September 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865251/-stay-cool-sell-stuff-cheap-and-smile-examining-how-reputational-management-of-dental-tourism-reinforces-structural-oppression-in-los-algodones-mexico
#18
Krystyna Adams, Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A Crooks, Nicole S Berry
Los Algodones, Mexico is characteristic of other medical border towns whose proximity to the Mexico-United States border enables American and Canadian patients to take advantage of economic asymmetries on either side of the border to access desired health care. Los Algodones is unique, however, in its focus on the provision of dental care and claims by local residents that it has the highest concentration of dentists per capita in the world. In this paper, we present an analysis of interviews with employees working in Los Algodones' dental tourism industry to examine interviewees' participation in practices related to reputational management of the industry site...
August 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864799/expected-changes-in-regulation-and-licensure-influence-on-future-education-of-dentists
#19
Frank A Catalanotto
This article is based on the following assumptions about dental care in the United States: there is an access to oral health care problem; the number of individuals with dental insurance is increasing; the demographics of the dental profession does not mirror the overall demographics of the U.S. population; and emerging oral health workforce models may help improve access to care. Based on these assumptions, this article explores related licensure and regulatory factors that will influence the education and practice of dentists in the future...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856133/pioneering-and-interprofessional-pediatric-dentistry-programs-aimed-at-reducing-oral-health-disparities
#20
Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Hamida Askaryar, Cambria Garell, Jennifer Ogren
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most chronic childhood disease and more predominant in low-income and underserved children. Although easily transmitted, ECC is entirely preventable. Dr. Ramos-Gomez and his team at the University of California, Los Angeles put together an interprofessional curriculum where both medical and dental knowledge and practice is integrated to prepare dentists and primary care providers to more cost effectively address ECC and thereby reduce disparities in oral health. The curriculum, known as the Strategic Partnership for Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Pediatric Dentistry (SPICE-PD), consists of nine evidence-based training modules: applied statistics and research, community partners, interprofessional education/training, quality improvement, policy and advocacy, disease management/risk assessment, ethics/professionalism, cultural competency and children with special heath-care needs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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