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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928046/new-directions-for-ambulatory-monitoring-following-2017-hrs-ishne-expert-consensus
#1
Emanuela T Locati
The main role of ambulatory electrocardiography (AECG) in clinical practice is to detect and characterize the behavior of cardiac electrical activity during ordinary daily life activities. Because certain rhythm abnormalities may be infrequent and paroxysmal, and may occur only during sleep or in association with mental, emotional, or exercise-induced perturbation in cardiac function, AECG needs to be recorded over a long period of time, originally lasting 24h and now expanding up to several weeks and even to months...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921407/combat-exposure-emotional-and-physical-role-limitations-and-substance-use-among-male-united-states-army-reserve-and-national-guard-soldiers
#2
R A Hoopsick, B M Vest, D L Homish, G G Homish
PURPOSE: Combat-exposed soldiers are at an increased risk for health problems that diminish quality of life (QOL) and substance use. We explored the cross-sectional associations between combat exposure and two measures of QOL, and the effect of substance use on those associations. METHODS: Data are from the baseline wave of Operation: SAFETY, an ongoing survey-based study of United States Army Reserve/National Guard (USAR/NG) soldiers and their partners. Our sample consisted of male USAR/NG soldiers with a history of deployment (N = 248)...
September 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813208/substance-use-and-dependence-among-current-reserve-and-former-military-members-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2010-2014
#3
Rachel A Hoopsick, Jennifer Fillo, Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
Maladjustment after leaving the military may contribute to poor health outcomes, including increased risk for substance use and dependence. The authors examined differences in substance use and dependence on the basis of military involvement in a large nationally representative sample. Data are from a subset of the 2010-2014 waves of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (n = 5,608). The sample included men (81.9%) and women (18.1%) aged 20-49 years who had either separated/retired from the military (n = 4,862) or were a current reserve service member (n = 746)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697504/effects-of-a-training-program-involving-body-cooling-on-physical-and-cognitive-capacities-and-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-pilot-study
#4
Benoit Gonzales, Gilles Chopard, Benjamin Charry, Eric Berger, Julien Tripard, Eloi Magnin, Alain Groslambert
OBJECTIVE: Two methods using exercise and body cooling could influence the well-being of patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The aim of this study was to determine whether wearing a cooling vest during a physical training program could increase the cognitive and physical capacities and quality of life in PwMS. METHODS: Eighteen PwMS (49.6 ± 8 years; Expanded Disability Status Score 5.0 ± 1.0) were randomly assigned to a cooling or control group. PwMS underwent a 7-week physical training program...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567504/a%C3%A2-clinical-example-of-extreme-dose-exposure-for-an-implanted-cardioverter-defibrillator-beyond-the-degro-guidelines
#5
Yoana Hristova, Janett Köhn, Stefanie Preuß, Claus Rödel, Panagiotis Balermpas
INTRODUCTION: Considering that the number of malignant diseases in patients over 65 years of age is increasing, it often occurs that patients who carry a cardiac implanted electronic device must undergo radiotherapy. Ionizing radiation can disturb the function of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). As a result of this, an update of the DEGRO/DKG guidelines for radiotherapy of this patient group has been published. METHODS: We report the case of a patient with an ICD and T‑lymphoblastic lymphoma with cardiac involvement, who received i...
May 31, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536859/accelerated-life-test-methods-and-results-for-implantable-electronic-devices-with-adhesive-encapsulation
#6
Xuechen Huang, Petcharat May Denprasert, Li Zhou, Adriana Nicholson Vest, Sam Kohan, Gerald E Loeb
We have developed and applied new methods to estimate the functional life of miniature, implantable, wireless electronic devices that rely on non-hermetic, adhesive encapsulants such as epoxy. A comb pattern board with a high density of interdigitated electrodes (IDE) could be used to detect incipient failure from water vapor condensation. Inductive coupling of an RF magnetic field was used to provide DC bias and to detect deterioration of an encapsulated comb pattern. Diodes in the implant converted part of the received energy into DC bias on the comb pattern...
September 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441333/how-are-service-dogs-for-adults-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-integrated-with-rehabilitation-in-denmark-a-case-study
#7
Chalotte Glintborg, Tia G B Hansen
A severe mental illness like Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is known to have psychosocial consequences that can lead to a decreased quality of life. Research in Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) has revealed that the presence of a dog can have a positive effect on health, e.g., increase quality of life and lessen depression and anxiety. However, canine companionship is not a catch-all solution. Previous research has revealed methodological limitations that prohibit any clear conclusions, as well as a sparsity of critical reflection in anecdotal reports and case studies, which means that more research is needed to contextualize the findings...
April 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431202/pharmacological-interventions-for-acute-pancreatitis
#8
REVIEW
Elisabetta Moggia, Rahul Koti, Ajay P Belgaumkar, Federico Fazio, Stephen P Pereira, Brian R Davidson, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: In people with acute pancreatitis, it is unclear what the role should be for medical treatment as an addition to supportive care such as fluid and electrolyte balance and organ support in people with organ failure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different pharmacological interventions in people with acute pancreatitis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, 2016, Issue 9), MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index Expanded, and trial registers to October 2016 to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417463/pharmacological-interventions-for-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-an-attempted-network-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Francesca Saffioti, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy, Neil Hawkins, Clare D Toon, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Brian R Davidson, Douglas Thorburn
BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a chronic cholestatic liver disease that is associated with both hepatobiliary and colorectal malignancies, which can result in liver cirrhosis and its complications. The optimal pharmacological treatment for patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative benefits and harms of different pharmacological interventions in people with primary sclerosing cholangitis by performing a network meta-analysis, and to generate rankings of available pharmacological interventions according to their safety and efficacy...
March 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368093/pharmacological-interventions-for-alcoholic-liver-disease-alcohol-related-liver-disease-an-attempted-network-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Elena Buzzetti, Maria Kalafateli, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Maja Thiele, Lise Lotte Gluud, Cinzia Del Giovane, Gro Askgaard, Aleksander Krag, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related liver disease is due to excessive alcohol consumption. It includes a spectrum of liver diseases such as alcohol-related fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and alcoholic cirrhosis. Mortality associated with alcoholic hepatitis is high. The optimal pharmacological treatment of alcoholic hepatitis and other alcohol-related liver disease remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative benefits and harms of different pharmacological interventions in the management of alcohol-related liver disease through a network meta-analysis and to generate rankings of the available pharmacological interventions according to their safety and efficacy in order to identify potential treatments...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362060/maintenance-immunosuppression-for-adults-undergoing-liver-transplantation-a-network-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Manuel Rodríguez-Perálvarez, Marta Guerrero-Misas, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: As part of liver transplantation, immunosuppression (suppressing the host immunity) is given to prevent graft rejections resulting from the immune response of the body against transplanted organ or tissues from a different person whose tissue antigens are not compatible with those of the recipient. The optimal maintenance immunosuppressive regimen after liver transplantation remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative benefits and harms of different maintenance immunosuppressive regimens in adults undergoing liver transplantation through a network meta-analysis and to generate rankings of the different immunosuppressive regimens according to their safety and efficacy...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358980/pharmacological-interventions-for-non-alcohol-related-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-an-attempted-network-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Rosa Lombardi, Simona Onali, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy, Emmanuel Tsochatzis
BACKGROUND: Non-alcohol related fatty liver disease (commonly called non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)) is liver steatosis in the absence of significant alcohol consumption, use of hepatotoxic medication, or other disorders affecting the liver such as hepatitis C virus infection, Wilson's disease, and starvation. NAFLD embraces the full spectrum of disease from pure steatosis (i.e. uncomplicated fatty liver) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), via NASH-cirrhosis to cirrhosis...
March 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351116/management-of-people-with-early-or-very-early-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-attempted-network-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Avik Majumdar, Davide Roccarina, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (primary liver cancer) is classified in many ways. The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) group staging classifies the cancer based on patient's life expectancy. People with very early- or early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma have single tumour or three tumours of maximum diameter of 3 cm or less, Child-Pugh status A to B, and performance status 0 (fully functional). Management of hepatocellular carcinoma is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative benefits and harms of different interventions used in the treatment of early or very early hepatocellular carcinoma through a network meta-analysis and to generate rankings of the available interventions according to their safety and efficacy...
March 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321877/pharmacological-interventions-for-acute-hepatitis-b-infection-an-attempted-network-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Konstantinos Mantzoukis, Manuel Rodríguez-Perálvarez, Elena Buzzetti, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: Infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) can be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Apart from chronic HBV infection, the complications related to acute HBV infection are severe acute viral hepatitis and fulminant hepatitis characterised by liver failure. The optimal pharmacological treatment of acute HBV infection remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of pharmacological interventions in the treatment of acute HBV infection through a network meta-analysis and to generate rankings of the available treatments according to their safety and efficacy...
March 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273330/interventions-for-hereditary-haemochromatosis-an-attempted-network-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Elena Buzzetti, Maria Kalafateli, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: Hereditary haemochromatosis is a genetic disorder related to proteins involved in iron transport, resulting in iron load and deposition of iron in various tissues of the body. This iron overload leads to complications including liver cirrhosis (and related complications such as liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma), cardiac failure, cardiac arrhythmias, impotence, diabetes, arthritis, and skin pigmentation. Phlebotomy (venesection or 'blood letting') is the currently recommended treatment for hereditary haemochromatosis...
March 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182235/a-wearable-defibrillator-life-vest
#16
A Tofield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168687/alteration-of-the-death-scene-after-self-stabbing-a-case-of-sharp-force-suicide-disguised-by-the-victim-as-a-homicide
#17
Guido Pelletti, Sindi Visentin, Claudio Rago, Giovanni Cecchetto, Massimo Montisci
This paper reports a case of a 72-year-old woman who was found dead in her bedroom with a 4 cm vertical stab wound in the abdomen. A bloodstained knife was found in the top drawer of her bedside table. The clothes worn by the victim showed no damage. A bloodstained vest and a sweater with frontal incisions were found far from the victim, in the bathroom and in the bedroom respectively. Several bloodstains were found in every room of the apartment. The evidence found during the forensic examination and, in particular, the Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, led the investigators to determine the manner of death, being consistent with a suicide with a long-lasting physical activity after self-stabbing...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999324/development-of-a-wearable-instrumented-vest-for-posture-monitoring-and-system-usability-verification-based-on-the-technology-acceptance-model
#18
Wen-Yen Lin, Wen-Cheng Chou, Tsai-Hsuan Tsai, Chung-Chih Lin, Ming-Yih Lee
Body posture and activity are important indices for assessing health and quality of life, especially for elderly people. Therefore, an easily wearable device or instrumented garment would be valuable for monitoring elderly people's postures and activities to facilitate healthy aging. In particular, such devices should be accepted by elderly people so that they are willing to wear it all the time. This paper presents the design and development of a novel, textile-based, intelligent wearable vest for real-time posture monitoring and emergency warnings...
December 17, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995554/a-randomized-trial-to-assess-the-contribution-of-a-novel-thorax-support-vest-corset-in-preventing-mechanical-complications-of-median-sternotomy
#19
Philippe P Caimmi, Maurizio Sabbatini, Emmanouil I Kapetanakis, Silvia Cantone, Marcus V Ferraz, Mario Cannas, Ugo F Tesler
OBJECTIVES: Mechanical complications of median sternotomy may cause significant morbidity and mortality in cardiac surgical patients. This study was aimed at assessing the role of Posthorax support vest (Epple, Inc., Vienna, Austria) in the prevention of sternal complications and the improvement of anatomical healing in patients at high risk for mechanical sternal dehiscence after cardiac surgery by mean of median sternotomy. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, study was performed and 310 patients with predisposing factors for sternal dehiscence after sternotomy for cardiac surgery were included...
June 2017: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858115/-the-new-esc-guidelines-for-acute-and-chronic-heart-failure-2016
#20
REVIEW
C U Oeing, C Tschöpe, B Pieske
The new guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure (HF) were presented in May 2016 during the congress of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in Florence. An important amendment affects the classification of HF which now differentiates between HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and left ventricular EF (LVEF) > 50%, HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF, LVEF < 40%) and the new entity HF with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF, LVEF 40-49%)...
December 2016: Herz
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