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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535164/meat-dietary-heme-iron-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#1
Mohammad Talaei, Ye-Li Wang, Jian-Min Yuan, An Pan, Woon-Puay Koh
We evaluated the relations of red meat, poultry, fish and shellfish, as well as heme iron intake, with risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D).The Singapore Chinese Health Study is a population-based cohort that recruited 63,257 Chinese adults aged 45-74 years from 1993 to 1998. Usual diet was evaluated by a validated 165-item semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire at recruitment. Physician-diagnosed T2D was self-reported during two follow-up interviews in 1999-2004 and 2006-2010. During a mean follow-up of 10...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534830/calculation-of-haem-iron-intake-and-its-role-in-the-development-of-iron-deficiency-in-young-women-from-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#2
Angela J Reeves, Mark A McEvoy, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks, Daniel Barker, John Attia, Allison M Hodge, Amanda J Patterson
Total iron intake is not strongly associated with iron stores, but haem iron intake may be more predictive. Haem iron is not available in most nutrient databases, so experimentally determined haem contents were applied to an Australian Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) to estimate haem iron intake in a representative sample of young women (25-30 years). The association between dietary haem iron intakes and incident self-reported diagnosed iron deficiency over six years of follow-up was examined. Haem iron contents for Australian red meats, fish, and poultry were applied to haem-containing foods in the Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies V2 (DQESv2) FFQ...
May 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534089/comparison-of-microbiomes-between-red-poultry-mite-populations-dermanyssus-gallinae-predominance-of-bartonella-like-bacteria
#3
Jan Hubert, Tomas Erban, Jan Kopecky, Bruno Sopko, Marta Nesvorna, Martina Lichovnikova, Sabine Schicht, Christina Strube, Olivier Sparagano
Blood feeding red poultry mites (RPM) serve as vectors of pathogenic bacteria and viruses among vertebrate hosts including wild birds, poultry hens, mammals, and humans. The microbiome of RPM has not yet been studied by high-throughput sequencing. RPM eggs, larvae, and engorged adult/nymph samples obtained in four poultry houses in Czechia were used for microbiome analyses by Illumina amplicon sequencing of the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene V4 region. A laboratory RPM population was used as positive control for transcriptome analysis by pyrosequencing with identification of sequences originating from bacteria...
May 22, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533902/the-influence-of-in-ovo-injection-with-the-prebiotic-dinovo%C3%A2-on-the-development-of-histomorphological-parameters-of-the-duodenum-body-mass-and-productivity-in-large-scale-poultry-production-conditions
#4
Adrianna Sobolewska, Gabriela Elminowska-Wenda, Joanna Bogucka, Agata Dankowiakowska, Anna Kułakowska, Agata Szczerba, Katarzyna Stadnicka, Michał Szpinda, Marek Bednarczyk
BACKGROUND: Among various feed additives currently used in poultry nutrition, an important role is played by bioactive substances, including prebiotics. The beneficial effect of these bioactive substances on the gastrointestinal tract and immune system give rise to improvements in broiler health and performance nutrition, thus increasing the productivity of these birds. An innovative method for introducing bioactive substances into chickens is the in ovo injection into eggs intended for hatching...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533052/reverse-spillover-of-avian-viral-vaccine-strains-from-domesticated-poultry-to-wild-birds
#5
M A Rohaim, R F El Naggar, A M Helal, H A Hussein, Muhammad Munir
Transmission of viruses from the commercial poultry to wild birds is an emerging paradigm of livestock-wildlife interface. Here, we report the identification and isolation of vaccine strains of avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (APMV1) and avian coronaviruses (ACoV) from different wild bird species across eight Egyptian governorates between January 2014 and December 2015. Surveillance of avian respiratory viruses in free-ranging wild birds (n=297) identified three species that harboured or excreted APMV1 and ACoVs...
May 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532990/-catch-22-biosecurity-awareness-interpretation-and-practice-amongst-poultry-catchers
#6
Caroline Millman, Rob Christley, Dan Rigby, Diana Dennis, Sarah J O'Brien, Nicola Williams
Campylobacter contamination of chicken on sale in the UK remains at high levels and has a substantial public health impact. This has prompted the application of many interventions in the supply chain, including enhanced biosecurity measures on-farm. Catching and thinning are acknowledged as threats to the maintenance of good biosecurity, yet the people employed to undertake this critical work (i.e. 'catchers') are a rarely studied group. This study uses a mixed methods approach to investigate catchers' (n=53) understanding of the biosecurity threats posed by the catching and thinning, and the barriers to good biosecurity practice...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532813/genetics-and-biological-property-analysis-of-korea-lineage-of-influenza-a-h9n2-viruses
#7
Min Kang, Hyung-Kwan Jang
H9N2 influenza viruses have been detected from wild and domestic avian species including chickens and ducks worldwide. Few studies have compared the biological properties of different H9N2 lineages or determined whether certain lineages might pose a higher risk to mammals, especially H9N2 viruses of Korean lineage. The objective of this study was to characterize the genetic and biological properties of 22 Korean H9N2 viruses and assess their potential risks to mammals. Their complete genomes were analyzed. Some Korean H9N2 viruses were found to carry mammalian host-specific mutations...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531815/chicken-interleukin-1%C3%AE-mutants-are-effective-single-dose-vaccine-adjuvants-that-enhance-mucosal-immune-response
#8
Wen-Ting Chen, Hao-Kai Chang, Cheng-Chung Lin, Shan-Min Yang, Hsien-Sheng Yin
The use of cytokines as adjuvants in poultry is promising because they may enhance immune responses to antigens. In this study, we created two mutants, chicken interleukin-1 beta (ChIL-1β) Q19A and R140A, which exhibited significantly increased in vivo biological activity compared with wild-type ChIL-1β. The potential mucosal adjuvant activity of the mutants Q19A and R140A was evaluated in chickens through the intranasal coadministration of a single dose of the Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine with Q19A or R140A...
May 19, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531200/discovery-of-micrornas-during-early-spermatogenesis-in-chicken
#9
Lu Xu, Qixin Guo, Guobin Chang, Lingling Qiu, Xiangping Liu, Yulin Bi, Yu Zhang, Hongzhi Wang, Wei Lu, Lichen Ren, Ying Chen, Yang Zhang, Qi Xu, Guohong Chen
Spermatogenesis is a complex process that involves many elements. However, until now, little is known at the molecular level about spermatogenesis in poultry. Here we investigated microRNAs and their target genes that may be involved in germ cell development and spermatogonial in chicken. We used next-generation sequencing to analyze miRNA expression profiles in three types of germline cells: primordial germ cells (PGCs), spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), and spermatogonia (Sp) during early stage of spermatogenesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531117/immunobiology-of-newcastle-disease-virus-and-its-use-for-prophylactic-vaccination-in-poultry-and-as-adjuvant-for-therapeutic-vaccination-in-cancer-patients
#10
REVIEW
Volker Schirrmacher
Newcastle disease (ND) is one of the most important diseases of poultry worldwide. In the last decades, molecular research has gained a lot of new information about its causative agent, newcastledisease virus (NDV). In poultry industry, certain strains of NDV have been used for preventive vaccination for more than 60 years. NDV has also been applied to cancer patients with beneficial effects for about 50 years, but this is less well known. The molecular basis for these differential effects of NDV in birds and man have been elucidated in the last decades and are explained in this review...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529955/identification-of-transcriptional-modules-and-key-genes-in-chickens-infected-with-salmonella-enterica-serovar-pullorum-using-integrated-coexpression-analyses
#11
Bao-Hong Liu, Jian-Ping Cai
Salmonella enterica Pullorum is one of the leading causes of mortality in poultry. Understanding the molecular response in chickens in response to the infection by S. enterica is important in revealing the mechanisms of pathogenesis and disease progress. There have been studies on identifying genes associated with Salmonella infection by differential expression analysis, but the relationships among regulated genes have not been investigated. In this study, we employed weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) and differential coexpression analysis (DCEA) to identify coexpression modules by exploring microarray data derived from chicken splenic tissues in response to the S...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528535/campylobacter-infections-a-significant-issue-of-veterinary-urban-hygiene-dog%C3%A2-related-risk-factors
#12
Filomena Iannino, Guido Di Donato, Enzo Ruggieri, Stefania Salucci, Fabrizio De Massis, Elisabetta Di Giannatale
Campylobacter spp. are ubiquitous bacteria and campylobacteriosis is the most frequently reported zoonotic disease in humans in Europe, since 2005. Handling or consuming contaminated/undercooked meat (especially poultry) are the most important sources of human campylobacteriosis. However, in recent years, the role of dogs as a source of infection for humans has been amply demonstrated. Approximately 6% of human campylobacteriosis cases are due to contact with pets. This review analyses the current literature related to risk factors at the dog-human interface...
March 3, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528532/caged-young-pigeons-mortality-by-coleoptera-larvae
#13
Adele Magliano, Jiri Hava, Andrea Di Giulio, Antonino Barone, Claudio De Liberato
Dermestidae and Tenebrionidae are well known inhabitants of bird's nests and poultry farms, under favourable conditions they can be very abundant under favourable conditions. At times, their larvae shift from a scavenging behaviour to a parasitic/predatory one, entering nestling's plumage and feeding on skin and feathers, and nally provoking skin damages and blood losses. These episodes mainly involve species of the genus Dermestes, but the tenebrionid Alphitobius diaperinus h also been reported to be responsible of similar cases...
April 11, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527409/molecular-characterization-of-pigeon-torque-teno-virus-pttv-in-jiangsu-province
#14
Zhicheng Zhang, Wei Dai, Dingzhen Dai
The torque teno virus (TTV) is a recently discovered DNA virus that has been detected in many different hosts, including humans, livestock and poultry. To date, there is no report of pigeon TTV (PTTV) from anywhere in the world. To investigate the distribution of PTTV in pigeons from the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu and characterize their genomes, we employed PCR to detect PTTV in 144 samples collected from 6 pigeon plants in Jiangsu province, amplify complete genomes from representative samples and analyze genetic characteristics using bioinformatics...
May 6, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525653/predicted-philogeny-secondary-conformational-structure-and-epitope-antigenicity-of-immunological-sequences-in-poultry
#15
L J Lara, A P Peconick, É J Fassani, A M P Júnior, P R B Chalfun, D L Raymundo, T A Barçante, J M de P Barçante
Poultry production is faced with different types of stresses that are responsible for issues of animal welfare as well as for economic losses. Moreover, the immunity decreases when animals are stressed. In silico analyses are important in reducing the cost and in increasing the accuracy of scientific results. A bioinformatics tool was used to perform ontology studies on 15 different immunological sequences of poultry. The mRNA structures and sequences with maximum antigenic residues were also predicted. No homology was found between the sequences of poultry and mammals...
May 18, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525340/detection-of-bordetella-avium-by-taqman-real-time-pcr-in-tracheal-swabs-from-wildlife-birds
#16
T Stenzel, D Pestka, B Tykałowski, M Śmiałek, A Koncicki, A Bancerz-Kisiel
Bordetella avium, the causing agent of bordetellosis, a highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract in young poultry, causes significant losses in poultry farming throughout the world. Wildlife birds can be a reservoir of various pathogens that infect farm animals. For this reason the studies were conducted to estimate the prevalence of Bordetella avium in wildlife birds in Poland. Tracheal swab samples were collected from 650 birds representing 27 species. The bacterial DNA was isolated directly from the swabs and screened for Bordetella avium by TaqMan real-time PCR...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523921/combination-of-h120-and-1-96-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-vaccine-strains-protect-chickens-against-challenge-with-is-1494-06-variant-2-like-infectious-bronchitis-virus
#17
M Habibi, V Karimi, A G Langeroudi, S A Ghafouri, M Hashemzadeh, R K Farahani, H Maghsoudloo, H Abdollahi, P Seifouri
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is a worldwide chicken disease, caused by avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) which infects all commercial poultry lines. The present study was done to evaluate protection caused by two different serotype vaccines (Massachusetts and 793/B) in order to evaluate protection against challenge with IS/1494/06-like virus (variant 2-like virus), which is prevalent in the Middle East. SPF chickens were divided into four groups (n = 20). First and second group as negative control group and non-vaccinated-challenged group received no vaccine...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523489/occurrence-of-ornithonyssus-sylviarum-in-pet-birds-from-the-district-of-set%C3%A3%C2%BAbal-portugal
#18
Helga Waap, Diana Paulino, Rita Cardoso
Ornithonyssus sylviarum is a blood-feeding ectoparasite of birds and the most serious pest in poultry farms in North America. Although the mites are typically adapted to temperate climates, information on this mite in Europe is sparse, and Dermanyssus gallinae is considered to be the only mite impacting the poultry industry. The present study reports the occurrence of O. sylviarum in pet birds in Portugal. Mites were collected directly from birds and with traps placed in cages and nests at 20 different sampling places belonging to 6 municipalities in the district of Setúbal...
May 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522703/complete-genome-sequence-of-an-avian-paramyxovirus-type-4-strain-isolated-from-domestic-duck-at-a-live-bird-market-in-south-korea
#19
Erdene-Ochir Tseren-Ochir, Seong-Su Yuk, Jung-Hoon Kwon, Jin-Yong Noh, Woo-Tack Hong, Jei-Hyun Jeong, Sol Jeong, Yu-Jin Kim, Kyu-Jik Kim, Ji-Ho Lee, Jun-Beom Kim, Joong-Bok Lee, Seung-Yong Park, In-Soo Choi, Sang-Won Lee, Chang-Seon Song
We report here the first full-genome sequence of an avian paramyxovirus type 4 (APMV-4) strain isolated from a domestic mallard duck at a live bird market in South Korea. Phylogenetic analyses provide genetic information on a new genetic clade, APMV-4, isolated from a domestic duck and evidence of APMV-4 exchange between poultry and wild birds.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521760/avian-influenza-a-h7n9-risk-perception-information-trust-and-adoption-of-protective-behaviours-among-poultry-farmers-in-jiangsu-province-china
#20
Bin Cui, Qiuyan Liao, Wendy Wing Tak Lam, Zong Ping Liu, Richard Fielding
BACKGROUND: Poultry farmers are at high-risk from avian influenza A/H7N9 infection due to sustained occupational exposures to live poultry. This study examined factors associated with poultry farmers' adoption of personal protective behaviours (PPBs) based on Protection Motivation Theory (PMT). METHODS: Totally, 297 poultry farmers in three cities of Jiangsu Province, China were interviewed during November 2013-January 2014. Data on PMT constructs, perceived trustworthiness of A/H7N9 information from mass media (formal sources), friends and family (informal sources), intention to adopt and actual adoption of PPBs and respondents' demographics were collected...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
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