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Neha Maurya, Mehraj Ud Din Parray, Jitendra Kumar Maurya, Amit Kumar, Rajan Patel
The binding nature of amphiphilic drugs viz. promethazine hydrochloride (PMT) and adiphenine hydrochloride (ADP), with human hemoglobin (Hb) was unraveled by fluorescence, absorbance, time resolved fluorescence, fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and circular dichroism (CD) spectral techniques in combination with molecular docking and molecular dynamic simulation methods. The steady state fluorescence spectra indicated that both PMT and ADP quenches the fluorescence of Hb through static quenching mechanism which was further confirmed by time resolved fluorescence spectra...
March 11, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Dong-Min Kim, Dong Ho Kim, Woong Jung, Kye Young Lee, Dong-Eun Kim
Mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are known as biomarkers that cause non-small cell lung cancer. Particularly, approximately 45% of non-small cell lung cancer patients possess a deletion in exon 19 of the EGFR gene. A less invasive method for detecting the EGFR mutation is required; thus, we developed a simple polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method for detecting EGFR exon 19 deletion by using a quencher-free fluorescent probe DNA and graphene oxide (GO). In the presence of the exon 19 deletion mutation, the fluorophore-labeled DNA probe was designed to be fully complementary to the mutant sequences...
March 21, 2018: Analyst
Debamalya Ghosh, Uma Dutta, Ariful Haque, Natalia E Mordvinova, Oleg I Lebedev, Kamalesh Pal, Arup Gayen, Md Motin Seikh, Partha Mahata
Here, we report the luminescence based sensing of trace amounts of nitroaromatic explosive organic compounds. The luminescence emission of nanosized spinel oxide ZnCr2O4 with high chemical and thermal stabilities has been used as a potential probe to detect such organic explosives. Low temperature solution combustion synthesized ZnCr2O4 oxide with an average particle size of ∼9 nm exhibits strong luminescence emission at 410 nm upon excitation at 260 nm in an aqueous suspension. The presence of nitroaromatics in ZnCr2O4 suspension dramatically suppresses the luminescence emission providing an opportunity to detect it quantitatively...
March 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jindan Li, Zijuan Hai, Huiqiong Xiao, Xiaoyi Yi, Gaolin Liang
Nanoprobes are advantageous over small molecular probes in sensitivity but most luminescence molecules used to construct nanoprobes often suffer from an aggregation-caused quenching effect. Herein, we rationally designed a small molecular probe Cys(StBu)-Lys(Ru(bpy)32+)-CBT (1) which "smartly" self-assembled into nanoparticles 1-NPs inside cells with non-quenched, persistent phosphorescence. Employing this property, we successfully applied 1 for long-term sensing of biothiol activity in living HepG2 cells and tumors...
March 21, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Anne Kathrine R Junker, Leila R Hill, Amber L Thompson, Stephen Faulkner, Thomas Just Sørensen
Lanthanide based dyes and assays exploit the antenna effect, where a sensitiser-chromophore is used as a light harvesting antenna and subsequent excited state energy transfer populates the emitting lanthanide centred excited state. A rudimentary understanding of the design criteria for designing efficient dyes and assays based on the antenna effect is in place. By preparing kinetically inert lanthanide complexes based on the DO3A scaffold, we are able to study the excited state energy transfer from a 7-methoxy-coumarin antenna chromophore to europium(iii) and terbium(iii) centred excited states...
March 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Lei He, Xiaoxiang Wang, Lian Duan
Light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) have emerged as a promising emissive thin-film technology for next-generation solid-state lighting. However, blue LECs show low performances, which has remained a bottleneck for the fabrication of white LECs for lighting applications. Here, we demonstrate a remarkable enhancement of overall device performance for blue LECs by using an electron-injecting/transporting ionic additive, i.e., [Zn(bpy)3](PF6)2 (bpy is 2.2'-bipyridine, PF6- is hexafluorophosphate). It is revealed that adding [Zn(bpy)3](PF6)2 into the active layers of blue LECs accelerates the device response, enhances simultaneously the brightness and efficiency, reduces the efficiency roll-offs, improves significantly the blue-color stability upon the continuous electrical operation and enhances the device operational stability at optimized conditions...
March 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Vidhika Punjani, Golam Mohiuddin, Supreet Kaur, Raj Kumar Khan, Sharmistha Ghosh, Santanu Kumar Pal
A new approach accompanied by superstructural frustration is reported. By attaching a cholesterol moiety directly to the central bent-core system it displayed exotic BPIII, BPII/I, Ncyb*, TGBA, SmAPA, SmA and SmX phases as shown by X-ray scattering results. While higher homologues of the series exhibited spontaneous formation of polar order (Ps ∼ 61 nC cm-2) upon applied voltage, the lower homologues showed thermochromic behaviour which can also be trapped via temperature quenching.
March 20, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Xue Li, Lanlan Pan, Lin Wei, Zunyan Yi, Xiao Wang, Zhongju Ye, Lehui Xiao, Hung-Wing Li, Jianfang Wang
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is an intercellular glycoprotein produced primarily by the prostate gland, which is commonly chosen as the initial target for the early diagnosis of prostate cancer. In this work, we demonstrate a simple yet sensitive sandwich-type single-particle enumeration (SPE) immunoassay for the quantitative detection of PSA in a flow chamber. The design is based on the luminescence resonance energy transfer (LRET) between upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and gold nanoparticles (GNPs)...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Yujia You, Xiaolong Liang, Tinghui Yin, Min Chen, Chen Qiu, Chuang Gao, Xiaoyou Wang, Yongjiang Mao, Enze Qu, Zhifei Dai, Rongqin Zheng
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) holds promise for focal therapy of prostate cancer (PCa). However, the therapeutic efficacy needs improvement, and further development of PDT for PCa has challenges, including uncertainty of photosensitizers (PSs) accumulation at the tumor site and difficulty in visualizing lesions using conventional ultrasound (US) imaging. We have developed novel porphyrin-grafted lipid (PGL) microbubbles (MBs; PGL-MBs) and propose a strategy to integrate PGL-MBs with US imaging to address these limitations and enhance PDT efficacy...
2018: Theranostics
Kotaro Kosuge, Ryutaro Tokutsu, Eunchul Kim, Seiji Akimoto, Makio Yokono, Yoshifumi Ueno, Jun Minagawa
Photosynthetic organisms are frequently exposed to light intensities that surpass the photosynthetic electron transport capacity. Under these conditions, the excess absorbed energy can be transferred from excited chlorophyll in the triplet state (3Chl*) to molecular O2 , which leads to the production of harmful reactive oxygen species. To avoid this photooxidative stress, photosynthetic organisms must respond to excess light. In the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii , the fastest response to high light is nonphotochemical quenching, a process that allows safe dissipation of the excess energy as heat...
March 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Nathaniel E Kallmyer, Joseph Musielwicz, Joel Sutter, Nigel Forest Reuel
Hydrolytic enzymes are a topic of continual study and improvement due to their industrial impact and biological implications; however, the ability to measure the activity of these enzymes, especially in high-throughput assays, is limited to an established, few enzymes and often involves the measurement of secondary byproducts or the design of a complex degradation probe. Herein, a versatile single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT)-based biosensor that is straightforward to produce and measure is described. The hydrolytic enzyme substrate is rendered as an amphiphilic polymer which is then used to solubilize the hydrophobic nanotubes...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Rebeca Martinez-Haya, Consuelo Sabater, Maria-Ángeles Castillo, Miguel A Miranda, M Luisa Marin
Photocatalytic degradation of three highly chlorinated contaminants, namely 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP), 2,4,6-trichloroanisole (TCA) and 5-chloro-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)phenol (triclosan, TCS) has been investigated in the presence of N-methylquinolinium tetrafluoroborate (NMQ+ ), a photocatalyst able to act via Type I or Type II mechanism. Photodegradation of contaminants under aerobic conditions was achieved within hours; and it was accompanied by mineralization, as demonstrated by trapping of the evolved carbon dioxide as barium carbonate...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Julien Caubel, Vi H Rapp, Sharon S Chen, Ashok J Gadgil
Nearly 40% of the world's population regularly cooks on inefficient biomass stoves that emit harmful airborne pollutants, such as particulate matter (PM). Secondary air injection can significantly reduce PM mass emissions to mitigate the health and climate impacts associated with biomass cookstoves. However, secondary air injection can also increase the number of ultrafine particles emitted, which may be more harmful to health. This research investigates the effect of secondary air injection on the mass and size distribution of PM emitted during solid biomass combustion...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Giovanni Iacono, Aline Dubos, Hamid Méziane, Marco Benevento, Ehsan Habibi, Amit Mandoli, Fabrice Riet, Mohammed Selloum, Robert Feil, Huiqing Zhou, Tjitske Kleefstra, Nael Nadif Kasri, Hans van Bokhoven, Yann Herault, Hendrik G Stunnenberg
Kleefstra syndrome, a disease with intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorders and other developmental defects is caused in humans by haploinsufficiency of EHMT1. Although EHMT1 and its paralog EHMT2 were shown to be histone methyltransferases responsible for deposition of the di-methylated H3K9 (H3K9me2), the exact nature of epigenetic dysfunctions in Kleefstra syndrome remains unknown. Here, we found that the epigenome of Ehmt1+/- adult mouse brain displays a marked increase of H3K9me2/3 which correlates with impaired expression of protocadherins, master regulators of neuronal diversity...
March 15, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Alexander Kyrychenko, Nathan M Lim, Victor Vasquez-Montes, Mykola V Rodnin, J Alfredo Freites, Linh P Nguyen, Douglas J Tobias, David L Mobley, Alexey S Ladokhin
Dynamic disorder of the lipid bilayer presents a challenge for establishing structure-function relationships in membranous systems. The resulting structural heterogeneity is especially evident for peripheral and spontaneously inserting membrane proteins, which are not constrained by the well-defined transmembrane topology and exert their action in the context of intimate interaction with lipids. Here, we propose a concerted approach combining depth-dependent fluorescence quenching with Molecular Dynamics simulation to decipher dynamic interactions of membrane proteins with the lipid bilayers...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Membrane Biology
Reza Yekta, Gholamreza Dehghan, Samaneh Rashtbari, Rahim Ghadari, Ali Akbar Moosavi-Movahedi
Farnesiferol C (FC) is a natural sesquiterpene coumarin, which includes a widely range of biological activities. In this work, effects of FC on the structure and catalytic function of bovine liver catalase (BLC) was assessed by various spectroscopic and theoretical methods. Kinetic studies showed that FC has a remarkable inhibitory activity on BLC via mixed-type inhibition. The IC50 value as the inhibitory strength of FC was evaluated 1.5 μM. Fluorescence spectroscopy, synchronous fluorescence, CD spectroscopy and UV-vis absorption studies revealed conformational changes in the tertiary and secondary structure of BLC as well as the position of the heme group in the presence of different concentrations of FC...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jianfang Lv, Hongying Yang, Zhenan Jin, Minglei Zhao
In this study, a novel process was developed for extracting lead from the hazardous waste cathode ray tube (CRT) funnel glass and simultaneously producing glass-ceramics. CRT funnel glass was mixed with coal fly ash and subjected to carbon thermal reduction with the addition of CaO. The homogeneous glass melt and reduced metallic lead were quenched in water. Glass-ceramics were produced from the parent glass through an appropriate heat treatment. The optimum carbon loading amount (calculated as the molar ratio of C/PbO), CaO/SiO2 ratio, smelting temperature and holding time for lead recovery were 1...
March 14, 2018: Waste Management
Michael E Zilm, Le Yu, William A Hines, Mei Wei
A detailed magnetization study, along with an assessment of the cellular proliferation, has been carried out on transition-metal-doped hydroxyapatite (HA), Ca10-x Mx (PO4 )6 (OH)2 , where M = Mn, Co, and Fe. In particular, a series of MnHA powder samples with an x value of 0.04 ≤ x ≤ 1.21, one CoHA (x = 0.48) and one FeHA sample (x = 1.06) were synthesized using a wet chemical method along with an ion-exchange procedure. Characterization by transmission electron microscope (TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) indicated that the substitution of M elements does not change the morphology and crystalline structure of pure HA that showing a single phased HA nano-rod...
June 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Xingjia Guo, Jie Yao, Xuehui Liu, Hongyan Wang, Lizhi Zhang, Liping Xu, Aijun Hao
Eu3+ doped LaPO4 fluorescent nanorods (LaPO4 :Eu) was successfully fabricated by a hydrothermal process. The obtained LaPO4 :Eu nanorods under the optimal conditions were characterized by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), UV-vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. The nanorods with a length of 50-100nm and a diameter of about 10nm, can emit strong red fluorescence upon excitation at 241nm. The FTIR result confirmed that there are lots of phosphate groups on the surfaces of nanorods...
March 6, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Yuepeng Sun, Yuntao Guan, Dan Wang, Kai Liang, Guangxue Wu
Two lab-scale nitrifying sequencing batch biofilm reactors, with (SBBR_CN) or without the addition of organics (SBBR_N), were operated to investigate potential roles of acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) based quorum sensing. AHLs of N-[(RS)-3-Hydroxybutyryl]-L-homoserine lactone, N-hexanoyl-L-homoserine lactone (C6 -HSL) and N-octanoyl-L-homoserine lactone (C8 -HSL) were detected in both reactors. C6 -HSL and C8 -HSL were also detected in batch experiments, especially with stimulated nitrite oxidizing bacteria activities...
March 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
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