keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

quench

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325038/benefit-of-rare-earth-smart-doping-and-material-nanostructuring-for-the-next-generation-of-er-doped-fibers
#1
Inna Savelii, Laurent Bigot, Bruno Capoen, Cedric Gonnet, Corinne Chanéac, Ekaterina Burova, Alain Pastouret, Hicham El-Hamzaoui, Mohamed Bouazaoui
Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) for harsh environments require to develop specific fabrication methods of Er (3+)-doped fibers (EDFs) so as to limit the impact of radiation-induced absorption. In this context, a compromise has to be found between the concentration of Erbium and the glass composition. On the one hand, high concentration of Er (3+) ions helps to reduce the length of the EDF and hence the cumulated attenuation but generally leads to luminescence quenching mechanisms that limit the performances...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325003/nanostructured-bioluminescence-quenching-sensor-for-detecting-glucose
#2
Longyan Chen, Longyi Chen, Jin Zhang
A new nanostructured biosensor by applying bioluminescent quenching technique is developed for detecting small molecules, e.g. glucose, at low concentration. It demonstrates the effect of glucose on the interaction between β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) conjugated luciferase and phenylboronic acid (PBA) conjugated gold nanoparticles (Au NPs).
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324723/specific-light-up-pullulan-based-nanoparticles-with-reduction-triggered-emission-and-activatable-photoactivity-for-the-imaging-and-photodynamic-killing-of-cancer-cells
#3
Jing Xia, Liuwei Zhang, Ming Qian, Yongming Bao, Jingyun Wang, Yachen Li
Activatable photosensitizers that can be activated by cancer-associated stimuli have drawn increasing attention for simultaneous fluorescence imaging and photodynamic ablation of cancer cells. Here, we developed a cancer-cell specific photosensitizer nano-delivery system by synthesizing protoporphyrin IX (PpIX)-conjugated pullulan (P) with reducible disulfide bonds. The amphiphilic P-s-s-PpIX conjugate self-assembled in aqueous condition to form core-shell structured nanoparticles (P-s-s-PpIX NPs) with average size of 166nm, showing reduction-controllable stability...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324692/influence-of-graphene-oxide-and-reduced-graphene-oxide-on-the-activity-and-conformation-of-lysozyme
#4
Yitong Bai, Zhu Ming, Yuye Cao, Shicheng Feng, Hua Yang, Lingyun Chen, Sheng-Tao Yang
The dramatically different bio-effects of graphene and graphene oxide (GO) have been widely observed in diverse biological systems, which determine the applications and toxicity of graphene materials. To elucidate the mechanism at molecular level, it is urgent to investigate the enzyme-graphene interaction and its consequences. In this study, we comparatively studied the influence of GO and reduced GO (RGO) on the activity and conformation of lysozyme to provide better understandings of their different bio-effects...
March 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319663/2h-ws2-quantum-dots-produced-by-modulating-the-dimension-and-phase-of-1t-nanosheets-for-antibody-free-optical-sensing-of-neurotransmitters
#5
Man-Jin Kim, Su-Ji Jeon, Tae Woog Kang, Jong-Min Ju, DaBin Yim, Hye-In Kim, Jung Hyun Park, Jong-Ho Kim
Modulating the dimensions and phases of transition metal dichalcogenides is of great interest to enhance their intrinsic properties or to create new physicochemical properties. Herein, we report an effective approach to synthesize 2H-WS2 quantum dots (QDs) via the dimension and phase engineering of 1T-WS2 nanosheets. The solvothermal reaction of chemically-exfoliated 1T-WS2 nanosheets in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) under an N2 atmosphere induced their chopping and phase transition at lower temperature to produce 2H-WS2 QDs with a high quantum yield (5...
March 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319368/comparative-analysis-reveals-furoyl-in-vivo-selective-hydroxyl-acylation-analyzed-by-primer-extension-reagents-form-stable-ribosyl-ester-adducts
#6
Dalen Chan, Chao Feng, Yuran Zhen, Ryan A Flynn, Robert C Spitale
RNA molecules depend on structural elements that are critical for cellular function. Chemical methods for probing RNA structure have emerged as a necessary component of characterizing RNA function. As such, understanding the limitations and idiosyncrasies of these methods is essential for their utility. Selective hydroxyl acylation has emerged as a common method for analyzing RNA structure. Ester products as a result of 2'-hydroxyl acylation can then be identified through reverse transcription or mutational enzyme profiling...
March 21, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319361/block-copolymer-templated-hierarchical-porous-carbon-nanostructures-with-nitrogen-rich-functional-groups-for-molecular-sensing
#7
Ya-Sen Sun, Chien-Fu Lin, Shih-Ting Luo, Ching-Yuan Su
The self-assembly of a block copolymer offers access to micellar nanodomains with tunable dimensions and structural diversity through control of such molecular parameters as the volume fraction and molecular mass. We fabricated hierarchical porous carbon (HPC) nanostructures with bundles of aggregated nanospheres and with nitrogen-rich functional groups through pyrolysis of diblock copolymer micelles in multiple layers. The resultant HPC nanostructures with a considerable specific surface area serve as an excellent substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), coupled with fluorescence quenching, for molecular sensing of physically adsorbed Rhodamine 6G...
March 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319116/quenched-hydrogen-deuterium-exchange-nmr-of-a-disease-relevant-a%C3%AE-1-42-amyloid-polymorph
#8
Marielle Aulikki Wälti, Julien Orts, Roland Riek
Alzheimer's disease is associated with the aggregation into amyloid fibrils of Aβ(1-42) and Aβ(1-40) peptides. Interestingly, these fibrils often do not obtain one single structure but rather show different morphologies, so-called polymorphs. Here, we compare quenched hydrogen-deuterium (H/D) exchange of a disease-relevant Aβ(1-42) fibril for which the 3D structure has been determined by solid-state NMR with H/D exchange previously determined on another structural polymorph. This comparison reveals secondary structural differences between the two polymorphs suggesting that the two polymorphisms can be classified as segmental polymorphs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318223/high-throughput-dual-screening-method-for-ras-activities-and-inhibitors
#9
Kari Kopra, Arjan J van Adrichem, Outi M H Salo-Ahen, Juha Peltonen, Krister Wennerberg, Harri J Härmä
Ras GTPases act as "molecular switches", alternating between inactive GDP-bound and active GTP-bound conformation. Ras-oncogenes were discovered over three decades ago, but there are still no effective therapies for Ras-driven cancers. Drug discovery strategies have so far been unsuccessful, due to a lack of suitable screening methodologies and well-defined binding pockets on the Ras proteins. Here, we addressed the former by introducing a homogeneous quenching resonance energy transfer (QRET) technique based screening strategy for Ras interfacial and competitive inhibitors...
March 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317999/designing-an-anion-functionalized-fluorescent-ionic-liquid-as-an-efficient-and-reversible-turn-off-sensor-for-detecting-so2
#10
Siying Che, Rina Dao, Weidong Zhang, Xiaoyu Lv, Haoran Li, Congmin Wang
A novel anion-functionalized fluorescent ionic liquid was designed and prepared, which was capable of capturing sulphur dioxide with high capacity and could also be used as a good colorimetric and fluorescent SO2 sensor. Compared to conventional fluorescent sensors, this fluorescent ionic liquid did not undergo aggregation-caused quenching or aggregation-induced emission, and the fluorescence was quenched when exposed to SO2, and the fluorescence would quench when exposed to SO2. The experimental absorption, spectroscopic investigation, and quantum chemical calculations indicated that the quenching of the fluorescence originated from SO2 physical absorption, not chemical absorption...
March 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317996/rational-designed-strategy-to-dispel-mutual-interference-of-mercuric-and-ferric-ions-towards-robust-ph-stable-fluorescent-carbon-nanodots
#11
Yang Liu, Yanan Liu, Jinpyo Lee, Joong Hee Lee, Mira Park, Hak Yong Kim
As one of the most promising fluorometric nanosensors for metal ion sensing, carbon nanodots (C-dots) have developed rapidly in recent years. However, it is still a thorny problem to shield the mutual interference of two metal ions towards C-dots, e.g., Hg(2+) and Fe(3+) ions. In the present work, we propose rational routes for the unique interaction between C-dots and Hg(2+) or Fe(3+). The selectivity of the as-obtained label-free C-dots can be effectively switched by P3O10(5-) and SCN(-). The resultant C-dots possess superior photoluminescence intensity stability in a wide pH range or in certain redox circumstances, which are highly preferred in terms of practical metal-ion detection...
March 20, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317888/direct-evidence-of-lack-of-colocalisation-of-fluorescently-labelled-gold-labels-used-in-correlative-light-electron-microscopy
#12
Benjamin T Miles, Alexander B Greenwood, David Benito-Alifonso, Hugh Tanner, M Carmen Galan, Paul Verkade, Henkjan Gersen
Fluorescently labelled nanoparticles are routinely used in Correlative Light Electron Microscopy (CLEM) to combine the capabilities of two separate microscope platforms: fluorescent light microscopy (LM) and electron microscopy (EM). The inherent assumption is that the fluorescent label observed under LM colocalises well with the electron dense nanoparticle observed in EM. Herein we show, by combining single molecule fluorescent imaging with optical detection of the scattering from single gold nanoparticles, that for a commercially produced sample of 10 nm gold nanoparticles tagged to Alexa-633 there is in fact no colocalisation between the fluorescent signatures of Alexa-633 and the scattering associated with the gold nanoparticle...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317856/a-smartphone-based-diagnostic-platform-for-rapid-detection-of-zika-chikungunya-and-dengue-viruses
#13
Aashish Priye, Sara W Bird, Yooli K Light, Cameron S Ball, Oscar A Negrete, Robert J Meagher
Current multiplexed diagnostics for Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses are situated outside the intersection of affordability, high performance, and suitability for use at the point-of-care in resource-limited settings. Consequently, insufficient diagnostic capabilities are a key limitation facing current Zika outbreak management strategies. Here we demonstrate highly sensitive and specific detection of Zika, chikungunya, and dengue viruses by coupling reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) with our recently developed quenching of unincorporated amplification signal reporters (QUASR) technique...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317744/molecular-study-of-mucin-procyanidin-interaction-by-fluorescence-quenching-and-saturation-transfer-difference-std-nmr
#14
Elsa Brandão, Mafalda Santos Silva, Ignacio García-Estévez, Nuno Mateus, Victor de Freitas, Susana Soares
Astringency is closely related to the interaction between procyanidins and salivary proteins (SP). The aim of this work was to study the interaction between mucin, a SP responsible for saliva lubricating properties, with different procyanidins (B4 dimer, tetramer (TT) and fractions of oligomeric procyanidins), and the influence of several conditions [pH, ionic strength, procyanidins' mean degree of polymerization (mDP) and different solvents (ethanol or dimethylsulfoxide)] on this interaction by fluorescence quenching and Saturation Transfer Difference (STD)-NMR...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317723/multi-spectroscopic-and-molecular-modeling-studies-of-bovine-serum-albumin-interaction-with-sodium-acetate-food-additive
#15
Hossein Mohammadzadeh-Aghdash, Jafar Ezzati Nazhad Dolatabadi, Parvin Dehghan, Vahid Panahi-Azar, Abolfazl Barzegar
Sodium acetate (SA) has been used as a highly effective protectant in food industry and the possible effect of this additive on the binding to albumin should be taken into consideration. Therefore, for the first time, the mechanism of SA interaction with bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been investigated by multi-spectroscopic and molecular modeling methods under physiological conditions. Stern-Volmer fluorescence quenching analysis showed an increase in the fluorescence intensity of BSA upon increasing the amounts of SA...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317707/comparison-of-binding-interaction-between-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-and-three-common-polyphenols-using-multi-spectroscopy-and-modeling-methods
#16
Jingjing Jia, Xin Gao, Minghao Hao, Lin Tang
Tea, coffee and fruit in dairy products are rich in polyphenols. The interaction mechanism between β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) and chlorogenic acid (CGA), ferulic acid (FA) and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) was investigated. Fluorescence experiments proved that polyphenols quenched β-LG fluorescence strongly in static mode and EGCG had stronger binding affinity toward β-LG than CGA and FA. The main interaction force of EGCG binding with β-LG was different from CGA and FA. Furthermore, circular dichroism and fourier transform infrared data indicated that polyphenols changed β-LG secondary structure inducing a-helix to β-structures transition...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317701/interaction-of-phenolic-acids-with-trypsin-experimental-and-molecular-modeling-studies
#17
Benguo Liu, Huizhi Xiao, Jiaqi Li, Sheng Geng, Hanjun Ma, Guizhao Liang
Trypsin is a kind of protease for digestion and food processing, whose activity can be inhibited by phenolic acids in plant foods. However, most reports explained the inhibitory difference of phenolic acids based on the number and position of substituent groups, which failed to reveal the comprehensive inhibitory mechanism. In this work, the inhibitory effects of 11 common phenolic acids on trypsin were investigated. Amongst the tested cinnamic and benzoic acid derivatives, caffeic acid and gallic acid showed the strongest anti-trypsin activity with a noncompetitive inhibition pattern, respectively...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317253/correlation-between-the-potency-of-flavonoids-for-cytochrome-c-reduction-and-inhibition-of-cardiolipin-induced-peroxidase-activity
#18
Ricardo Lagoa, Alejandro K Samhan-Arias, Carlos Gutierrez-Merino
There are large differences between flavonoids to protect against apoptosis, a process in which cytochrome c (Cyt c) plays a key role. In this work, we show that 7 of 13 flavonoids studied have a capacity to reduce Cyt c similar or higher than ascorbate, the flavonols quercetin, kaempferol and myricetin, flavanol epigallocatechin-gallate, anthocyanidins cyanidin and malvidin, and the flavone luteolin. In contrast, the kaempferol 3(O)- and 3,4'(O)-methylated forms, the flavanone naringenin, and also apigenin and chrysin, had a negligible reducing capacity...
March 20, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317022/water-dispersible-silica-coated-upconverting-liposomes-can-a-thin-silica-layer-protect-tta-uc-against-oxygen-quenching
#19
Sven H C Askes, Vincent C Leeuwenburgh, Wim Pomp, Hadi Arjmandi-Tash, Stefania Tanase, Thomas Schmidt, Sylvestre Bonnet
Light upconversion by triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA-UC) in nanoparticles has received considerable attention for bioimaging and light activation of prodrugs. However, the mechanism of TTA-UC is inherently sensitive for quenching by molecular oxygen. A potential oxygen protection strategy is the coating of TTA-UC nanoparticles with a layer of oxygen-impermeable material. In this work, we explore if (organo)silica can fulfill this protecting role. Three synthesis routes are described for preparing water-dispersible (organo)silica-coated red-to-blue upconverting liposomes...
March 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315793/highlighting-the-effects-of-coumarin-on-adult-plants-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-l-heynh-by-an-integrated-omic-approach
#20
Fabrizio Araniti, Monica Scognamiglio, Angela Chambery, Rosita Russo, Assunta Esposito, Brigida D'Abrosca, Antonio Fiorentino, Antonio Lupini, Francesco Sunseri, Maria Rosa Abenavoli
In this study, the effects of the allelochemical coumarin through a metabolomic, proteomic and morpho-physiological approach in Arabidopsis adult plants (25days old) were investigated. Metabolomic analysis evidenced an increment of amino acids and a high accumulation of soluble sugars, after 6days of coumarin treatment. This effect was accompanied by a strong decrease on plant fresh and dry weights, as well as on total protein content. On the contrary, coumarin did not affect leaf number but caused a reduction in leaf area...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
keyword
keyword
56155
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"