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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742448/psychometric-properties-of-the-thai-internalized-stigma-scale-tis-lch-for-care-home-residents
#1
Suhathai Tosangwarn, Philip Clissett, Holly Blake
OBJECTIVES: Living in a care home is a source of stigma in Thai culture, although there is currently no measurement tool in the Thai language specifically designed to assess internalized stigma in care home residents. The Thai Version of Internalized Stigma of Living in a Care Home (TIS-LCH) scale was developed and tested for its psychometric properties among Thai older residents. METHODS: The Thai version of Internalized Stigma of Mental Health Illness (ISMI) Scale was revised into the TIS-LCH by replacing the word of "mental health illness" to "living in a care home...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741679/comparing-social-group-identifications-and-socioeconomic-deprivation-as-predictors-of-psychological-distress-evidence-from-a-scottish-primary-care-sample
#2
Fabia Cientanni, Kevin Power, Fabio Sani, Christopher Wright, Frances Baty, Kerry Hustings, David Morgan, Gary Tanner
Social group identification and socioeconomic deprivation have both been linked to self-reported depressive symptoms in general population samples; however, no study to date has explored the strength of the joint predictive value of these factors within a mental health population. The current study explored the impact of social group identifications and socioeconomic deprivation, together with important clinical and demographic variables, on psychological distress in a Scottish mental health sample. Participants (N = 976) were recruited from referrals to a computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) programme in Scotland, 'Beating the Blues' (BtB) over a 25-month period...
July 25, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741417/syndemics-of-stigma-minority-stress-maladaptive-coping-risk-environments-and-littoral-spaces-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-chemsex
#3
Alex Pollard, Tom Nadarzynski, Carrie Llewellyn
There has been a steep rise in the use of drugs during sex (chemsex) by some men who have sex with men in economically developed countries, with associated increases in sexual risk for HIV and other STIs. This paper presents data from telephone interviews with 15 men attending sexual health clinics for post-exposure prophylaxis following a chemsex-related risk for HIV and discusses some of the theoretical approaches that have been employed to understand chemsex and inform interventions. Interviews were conducted as part of a larger intervention study, which used an adapted version of motivational Interviewing to explore risk behaviour and support change...
July 25, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739536/time2bhealthy-an-online-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-preschool-aged-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#4
Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: The use of parent-focused internet-based programs for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity has shown promise but there is an acknowledged gap in parent-focused interventions which target the early childhood stage. METHODS: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of Time2bHealthy - an online healthy lifestyle program for parents of preschool-aged children. The program will be evaluated using a two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled design...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739524/social-instability-stress-in-adolescent-male-rats-reduces-social-interaction-and-social-recognition-performance-and-increases-oxytocin-receptor-binding
#5
Travis E Hodges, Jennet L Baumbach, Marina L Marcolin, Remco Bredewold, Alexa H Veenema, Cheryl M McCormick
Social experiences in adolescence are essential for displaying context-appropriate social behaviours in adulthood. We previously found that adult male rats that underwent social instability stress (SS) in adolescence had reduced social interactions with unfamiliar peers compared with non-stressed controls (CTL). Here we determined whether SS altered social recognition and social reward and brain oxytocin and vasopressin receptor density in adolescence. We confirmed that SS rats spent less time interacting with unfamiliar peers than did CTL rats (p = 0...
July 21, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738832/systematic-mapping-review-of-the-factors-influencing-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-ethnic-minority-groups-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#6
REVIEW
Lars Jørun Langøien, Laura Terragni, Gro Rugseth, Mary Nicolaou, Michelle Holdsworth, Karien Stronks, Nanna Lien, Gun Roos
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and sedentary behaviour are associated with health and wellbeing. Studies indicate that ethnic minority groups are both less active and more sedentary than the majority population and that factors influencing these behaviours may differ. Mapping the factors influencing physical activity and sedentary behaviour among ethnic minority groups living in Europe can help to identify determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviour, research gaps and guide future research...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738796/health-profile-for-danish-adults-with-activity-limitation-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Nina Føns Johnsen, Michael Davidsen, Susan Ishøy Michelsen, Knud Juel
BACKGROUND: Studies have indicated that people with disabilities die earlier and may experience a poorer health than the general population. This study investigated 31 factors related to health and well-being, health behaviour and social relations among Danish adults with activity limitation (AL). METHODS: This study was based on data from the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey (DHMS) 2013 where 25,000 men and women aged 16 years or older were selected randomly from the adult Danish population...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738782/space-and-space-time-distributions-of-dengue-in-a-hyper-endemic-urban-space-the-case-of-girardot-colombia
#8
Mauricio Fuentes-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a widely spread vector-borne disease. Dengue cases in the Americas have increased over the last few decades, affecting various urban spaces throughout these continents, including the tourism-oriented city of Girardot, Colombia. Interactions among mosquitoes, pathogens and humans have recently been examined using different temporal and spatial scales in attempts to determine the roles that social and ecological systems play in dengue transmission. The current work characterizes the spatial and temporal behaviours of dengue in Girardot and discusses the potential territorial dynamics related to the distribution of this disease...
July 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738347/negative-beliefs-about-voices-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-are-associated-with-distress-a-plea-for-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#9
Christina W Slotema, Jan Dirk Blom, Mathijs Deen, Marieke B A Niemantsverdriet, Mark van der Gaag, Hans W Hoek, Iris E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are experienced by 21-54% of patients diagnosed with a borderline personality disorder (BPD), and ensuing distress is often high. Little is known about the beliefs these patients foster about their voices, and the influence thereof on distress and need for hospitalisation. METHODS: In a convenience sample of 38 BPD outpatients with AVH, data were collected with the aid of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS), Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ), Social Comparison Rating Scale (SCRS), and Voice Power Differential Scale (VPDS)...
July 22, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737362/-ethnography-of-the-determinants-of-eating-behaviour-in-diabetic-schooolchildren-in-yaounde
#10
Mathilde Matchika Megaptché, André Wamba
Objective: Failure to comply with dietary recommendations exposes young insulin-dependent diabetics to a risk of acute complications of diabetes and is a subject of major concern for health care professionals, who expected young diabetics to effectively adopt the recommended eating behaviour based on the revised diet. However, the revised diet initiated by health care professionals in Cameroon has been shown to have a limited efficacy. The objective of this study was to elucidate the motivations underlying poor compliance young diabetics with dietary recommendations and which simultaneously determine their eating behaviour...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736940/seven-year-olds-aggressive-choices-in-a-computer-game-can-be-predicted-in-infancy
#11
Dale F Hay, Mark K Johansen, Peter Daly, Salim Hashmi, Charlotte Robinson, Stephan Collishaw, Stephanie van Goozen
Concerns about the relationship between computer games and children's aggression have been expressed for decades, but it is not yet clear whether the content of such games evokes aggression or a prior history of aggression promotes children's interest in aggressive games. Two hundred and sixty-six 7-year-old children from a nationally representative longitudinal sample in the UK played a novel computer game (CAMGAME) in which the child's avatar encountered a series of social challenges that might evoke aggressive, prosocial or neutral behaviour...
July 24, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735830/-i-just-googled-and-read-everything-exploring-breast-cancer-survivors-use-of-the-internet-to-find-information-on-complementary-medicine
#12
Michelle M Holmes, Felicity L Bishop, Lynn Calman
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer survivors often turn to the internet as an information resource when deciding whether to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) but their use of online CAM-related resources is poorly understood. The objective was to explore breast cancer survivors' use of the internet when making decisions about CAM use. DESIGN: A purposive sample of 11 breast cancer survivors (mean age=56) completed a quantitative questionnaire and a qualitative telephone interview...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735593/virtual-reality-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-its-utility-acceptability-and-effectiveness
#13
M Rus-Calafell, P Garety, E Sason, T J K Craig, L R Valmaggia
Over the last two decades, there has been a rapid increase of studies testing the efficacy and acceptability of virtual reality in the assessment and treatment of mental health problems. This systematic review was carried out to investigate the use of virtual reality in the assessment and the treatment of psychosis. Web of Science, PsychInfo, EMBASE, Scopus, ProQuest and PubMed databases were searched, resulting in the identification of 638 articles potentially eligible for inclusion; of these, 50 studies were included in the review...
July 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735590/effects-of-psychological-eating-behaviour-domains-on-the-association-between-socio-economic-status-and-bmi
#14
Antje Löffler, Tobias Luck, Francisca S Then, Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Alexander Pabst, Peter Kovacs, Yvonne Böttcher, Jana Breitfeld, Anke Tönjes, Annette Horstmann, Markus Löffler, Christoph Engel, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Michael Stumvoll, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates potential pathways from socio-economic status (SES) to BMI in the adult population, considering psychological domains of eating behaviour (restrained eating, uncontrolled eating, emotional eating) as potential mediators stratified for sex. DESIGN: Data were derived from the population-based cross-sectional LIFE-Adult-Study. Parallel-mediation models were conducted to obtain the total, direct and indirect effects of psychological eating behaviour domains on the association between SES and BMI for men and for women...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735582/health-literacy-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-rural-australia
#15
Siew Lim, Alison Beauchamp, Sarity Dodson, Jonathan O'Hara, Crystal McPhee, Alexandra Fulton, Carol Wildey, Richard H Osborne
OBJECTIVE: Adequate fruit and vegetable intake is important in the prevention of chronic disease. Health literacy is associated with health outcomes but its role in dietary behaviour has received little attention. The present study investigated the association between a multidimensional measure of health literacy, sociodemographic characteristics, and fruit and vegetable intake in rural Australia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey on intake of fruits and vegetables (servings/d), demographic characteristics and health literacy profile using a nine-scale Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ)...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735368/mdma-induced-indifference-to-negative-sounds-is-mediated-by-the-5-ht2a-receptor
#16
K P C Kuypers, R de la Torre, Farre, N Pizarro, L Xicota, J G Ramaekers
BACKGROUND: MDMA has been shown to induce feelings of sociability, a positive emotional bias and enhanced empathy. While previous research has used only visual emotional stimuli, communication entails more than that single dimension and it is known that auditory information is also crucial in this process. In addition, it is, however, unclear what the neurobiological mechanism underlying these MDMA effects on social behaviour is. Previously, studies have shown that MDMA-induced emotional excitability and positive mood are linked to the action on the serotonin (5-HT) 2A receptor...
July 22, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735159/gender-comparisons-in-children-with-asd-entering-early-intervention
#17
Alexandra M Fulton, Jessica M Paynter, David Trembath
BACKGROUND: Males are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) approximately four times as often as females. This has led to interest in recent years of potential under-diagnosis of females, as well as negative consequences for females with ASD due to under-identification. A number of potential explanations for gender bias in diagnosis are discussed including that females and males may present differently despite showing the same core symptoms. Previous research has shown inconsistent findings in comparisons between genders in young children with ASD for whom early intervention is vital...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732496/accuracy-and-determinants-of-perceived-hiv-risk-among-young-women-in-south-africa
#18
Brendan Maughan-Brown, Atheendar S Venkataramani
BACKGROUND: HIV risk perceptions are a key determinant of HIV testing. The success of efforts to achieve an AIDS-free generation - including reaching the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target - thus depends critically on the content of these perceptions. We examined the accuracy of HIV-risk perceptions and their correlates among young black women in South Africa, a group with one of the highest HIV incidence rates worldwide. METHODS: We used individual-level longitudinal data from the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS) from 2005 to 2009 on black African women (20-30 years old in 2009) to assess the association between perceived HIV-risk in 2005 and the probability of testing HIV-positive four years later...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732485/validity-and-reliability-of-the-tuberculosis-related-stigma-scale-version-for-brazilian-portuguese
#19
Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Laís Mara Caetano da Silva, Mellina Yamamura, Marcela Paschoal Popolin, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Aylana de Souza Belchior, Danielle Talita Dos Santos, Flávia Meneguetti Pieri, Ludmila Barbosa Bandeira Rodrigues, Simone Terezinha Protti, Ione Carvalho Pinto, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio
BACKGROUND: Stigma associated with tuberculosis (TB) has been an object of interest in several regions of the world. The behaviour presented by patients as a result of social discrimination has contributed to delays in diagnosis and the abandonment of treatment, leading to an increase in the cases of TB and drug resistance. The identification of populations affected by stigma and its measurement can be assessed with the use of valid and reliable instruments developed or adapted to the target culture...
July 21, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732482/treatment-outcomes-in-schizophrenia-qualitative-study-of-the-views-of-family-carers
#20
Joanne Lloyd, Helen Lloyd, Ray Fitzpatrick, Michele Peters
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a complex, heterogeneous disorder, with highly variable treatment outcomes, and relatively little is known about what is important to patients. The aim of the study was to understand treatment outcomes informal carers perceive to be important to people with schizophrenia. METHOD: Qualitative interview study with 34 individuals and 8 couples who care for a person with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed by a thematic framework based approach...
July 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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