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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854093/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-mimicking-brainstem-infarction-a-dilemma
#1
Tsung-Han Ho, Chia-Lin Tsai, Yaw-Don Hsu, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Fu-Chi Yang, Chia-Ching Hsu, Chun-Chieh Lin
PURPOSE: We had recently reported one case at American Journal of Emergency Medicine about centralvariant posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in an 84-year-old woman with an initial misdiagnosis as central pontine myelinolysis (CPM). Here, we introduce another case of centralvariant PRES in a 49-year-old man mimicking as acute brainstem infarction in the cranial computed tomography (CT) findings. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with a 5-day history of vertigo, cognitive decline, and difficulty in walking...
June 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765400/failure-rate-of-single-unit-restorations-on-posterior-vital-teeth-a-systematic-review
#2
Kelvin I Afrashtehfar, Elham Emami, Motahareh Ahmadi, Samer Abi-Nader, Faleh Tamimi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: No knowledge synthesis exists concerning when to use a direct restoration versus a complete-coverage indirect restoration in posterior vital teeth. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the failure rate of conventional single-unit tooth-supported restorations in posterior permanent vital teeth as a function of remaining tooth structure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four databases were searched electronically, and 8 selected journals were searched manually up to February 2015...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670935/determination-of-gestational-time-and-prediction-of-parturition-in-dogs-and-cats-an-update
#3
M Beccaglia, S Alonge, C Trovo', G C Luvoni
Accurate prediction of delivery date in canine and feline allows a better management of parturition, reducing the loss of neonates. This review evaluates the most common methods adopted to accurately predict the day of delivery: determination of ovulation and hormonal assays, first appearance of embryonic/foetal structures using ultrasound or radiography, echographic measurement of extra-foetal and foetal structures, or evaluation of foetal flux and heart rate. Determination of ovulation and hormonal assays at the time of breeding and close to pregnancy term is widely used to predict parturition in dogs (Concannon et al...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643717/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-hodgkin-lymphoma-favorable-prognosis-stage-i-and-ii
#4
Sughosh Dhakal, Ranjana Advani, Leslie K Ballas, Bouthaina S Dabaja, Christopher R Flowers, Chul S Ha, Bradford S Hoppe, Nancy P Mendenhall, Monika L Metzger, John P Plastaras, Kenneth B Roberts, Ronald Shapiro, Sonali M Smith, Stephanie A Terezakis, Karen M Winkfield, Anas Younes, Louis S Constine
This topic addresses the treatment of newly diagnosed patients with favorable prognosis stage I and II Hodgkin lymphoma. In most cases, combined modality therapy (chemotherapy followed by involved site radiation therapy) constitutes the current standard of care. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633412/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-adjuvant-management-of-early-stage-endometrial-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Andrew O Wahl, David K Gaffney, Anuja Jhingran, Catheryn M Yashar, Matthew Biagioli, Mohamed A Elshaikh, Shruti Jolly, Elizabeth Kidd, Larissa J Lee, Linna Li, David H Moore, Gautam G Rao, Ned L Williams, William Small
These consensus guidelines on adjuvant radiotherapy for early-stage endometrial cancer were developed from an expert panel convened by the American College of Radiology. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria® are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method; and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation, or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios...
September 15, 2016: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422109/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-borderline-and-unresectable-pancreas-cancer
#6
REVIEW
William Small, John P Hayes, W Warren Suh, May Abdel-Wahab, Ross A Abrams, Nilofer Azad, Prajnan Das, Jadranka Dragovic, Karyn A Goodman, Salma K Jabbour, William E Jones, Andre A Konski, Albert C Koong, Rachit Kumar, Percy Lee, Timothy M Pawlik, Joseph M Herman
The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria® are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances where evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment...
July 2016: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400117/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-management-of-recurrent-endometrial-cancer
#7
Mohamed A Elshaikh, Sean Vance, David K Gaffney, Matthew Biagioli, Anuja Jhingran, Shruti Jolly, Elizabeth Kidd, Larissa J Lee, Linna Li, David H Moore, Gautam G Rao, Andrew O Wahl, Ned L Williams, Catheryn M Yashar, William Small
OBJECTIVES: In women with endometrial carcinoma (EC), tumor recurrences tend to occur in the 2- to 3-year period following surgical staging. Management of disease recurrence in EC poses significant challenges. These patients represent a heterogenous group where histologic subtypes, previous adjuvant management, interval since completion of adjuvant therapy, and size and site(s) of disease recurrence all have important implications on salvage therapies and prognosis. No randomized controlled trials have been published to determine optimal management in this group of patients...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374781/acr-appropriateness-criteria-fever-without-source-or-unknown-origin-child
#8
Sjirk J Westra, Boaz K Karmazyn, Adina L Alazraki, Molly E Dempsey, Jonathan R Dillman, Matthew Garber, Sheila G Moore, Molly E Raske, Henry E Rice, Cynthia K Rigsby, Nabile Safdar, Stephen F Simoneaux, Peter J Strouse, Andrew T Trout, Sandra L Wootton-Gorges, Brian D Coley
The cause of fever in a child can often be determined from history, physical examination, and laboratory tests; infections account for the majority of cases. Yet in 20%, no apparent cause can be found, designated as fever without source (FWS). The yield of chest radiography in children with FWS is low, and it is usually not appropriate. However, in children with respiratory signs, high fever (>39°C), or marked leukocytosis (≥20,000/mm(3)), chest radiography is usually appropriate, as it has a higher yield in detecting clinically occult pneumonia...
August 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299425/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-hodgkin-lymphoma-unfavorable-clinical-stage-i-and-ii
#9
Kenneth B Roberts, Anas Younes, David C Hodgson, Ranjana Advani, Bouthaina S Dabaja, Sughosh Dhakal, Christopher R Flowers, Chul S Ha, Bradford S Hoppe, Nancy P Mendenhall, Monika L Metzger, John P Plastaras, Ronald Shapiro, Sonali M Smith, Stephanie A Terezakis, Karen M Winkfield, Louis S Constine
These guidelines review the historical evolution of treatment for early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) with current standards that rely on prognostic factors to risk stratify and direct current treatment schemes that includes differentiation of favorable and unfavorable presentations. The major clinical trials for unfavorable early-stage HL are reviewed. Patients in this heterogenous subgroup of classic HL are best managed with sequential chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The role of imaging response assessment as a means to modify therapy is a strategy under investigation...
August 2016: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186959/external-validation-of-risk-stratification-strategy-in-the-use-of-renal-ultrasonography-in-the-evaluation-of-acute-kidney-injury
#10
Ivan K Ip, Patricia C Silveira, Emily C Alper, Carol B Benson, Ramin Khorasani
BACKGROUND: Per the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria, renal ultrasound is the most appropriate imaging examination to evaluate patients with acute kidney injury. However, recent studies suggest that renal ultrasound may be more selectively performed, which could lead to reductions in the use of medical imaging. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate a published risk stratification prediction model (the Licurse model) for using renal ultrasound in hospitalized patients with acute kidney injury...
May 17, 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162149/bibliometric-analysis-of-manuscript-title-characteristics-associated-with-higher-citation-numbers-a-comparison-of-three-major-radiology-journals-ajnr-ajr-and-radiology
#11
Falgun H Chokshi, Jian Kang, Suprateek Kundu, Mauricio Castillo
Our purpose was to determine if associations exist between titles characteristics and citation numbers in Radiology, American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR), and American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR). This retrospective study is Institutional Review Board exempt. We searched Web of Science for all original research and review articles in Radiology, AJR, and AJNR between 2006 and 2012 and tabulated number of words in the title, presence of a colon symbol, and presence of an acronym. We used a Poisson regression model to evaluate the association between number of citations and title characteristics...
March 24, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131050/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#12
Nabil F Saba, Joseph K Salama, Jonathan J Beitler, Paul M Busse, Jay S Cooper, Christopher U Jones, Shlomo Koyfman, Harry Quon, John A Ridge, Farzan Siddiqui, Francis Worden, Min Yao, Sue S Yom
BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) presents mostly with locally advanced disease and is treated with multimodal therapy; however, consensus is lacking for different clinical scenarios. METHODS: The American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria® are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel...
July 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891074/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-routine-chest-radiography
#13
Barbara L McComb, Jonathan H Chung, Traves D Crabtree, Darel E Heitkamp, Mark D Iannettoni, Clinton Jokerst, Anthony G Saleh, Rakesh D Shah, Robert M Steiner, Tan-Lucien H Mohammed, James G Ravenel
Chest radiographs are sometimes taken before surgeries and interventional procedures on hospital admissions and outpatients. This manuscript summarizes the American College of Radiology review of the literature and recommendations on routinely performed chest radiographies in these settings. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel...
March 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791005/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-aggressive-nonmelanomatous-skin-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck
#14
Shlomo A Koyfman, Jay S Cooper, Jonathan J Beitler, Paul M Busse, Christopher U Jones, Mark W McDonald, Harry Quon, John A Ridge, Nabil F Saba, Joseph K Salama, Farzan Siddiqui, Richard V Smith, Francis Worden, Min Yao, Sue S Yom
BACKGROUND: Aggressive nonmelanomatous skin cancer (NMSC) of the head and neck presents an increasingly common therapeutic challenge for which prospective clinical trials are lacking. METHODS: The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel...
February 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26656194/acr-appropriateness-criteria-review-acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-occupational-lung-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Leon Bacchus, Rakesh D Shah, Jonathan H Chung, Traves P Crabtree, Darel E Heitkamp, Mark D Iannettoni, Geoffrey B Johnson, Clinton Jokerst, Barbara L McComb, Anthony G Saleh, Robert M Steiner, Tan-Lucien H Mohammed, James G Ravenel
Occupational lung disease is a category of disease entities characterized by a reaction of the lung parenchyma to inhaled aerosolized particles found in the environment. This document summarizes the imaging appropriateness data for silicosis, coal worker pneumoconiosis, and asbestosis. The main points of the document are that computed tomography is more sensitive than radiography, computed tomography without contrast generally suffices for evaluation, and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography may have utility in patients with mesothelioma...
January 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607651/emergency-radiology-in-the-united-states-a-stepchild-finding-its-way
#16
REVIEW
Stephen R Baker
Emergency radiology as an academic discipline and practice activity is clearly recognized as a distinct category within the community of radiologists in the USA. But, its place among the other branches of diagnostic imaging is as an outlier. Emergency radiology is not recognized as a separate course of study in the curriculum of training. It is not a component of the qualifying exam of the American Board of Radiology. It has few fellowships. It has not engendered a specific designation of care personnel for trauma centres...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26588104/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-acute-pelvic-pain-in-the-reproductive-age-group
#17
Priyadarshani R Bhosale, Marcia C Javitt, Mostafa Atri, Robert D Harris, Stella K Kang, Benjamin J Meyer, Pari V Pandharipande, Caroline Reinhold, Gloria M Salazar, Thomas D Shipp, Lynn Simpson, Betsy L Sussman, Jennifer Uyeda, Darci J Wall, Carolyn M Zelop, Phyllis Glanc
Acute pelvic pain in premenopausal women frequently poses a diagnostic dilemma. These patients may exhibit nonspecific signs and symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and leukocytosis. The cause of pelvic pain includes a myriad of diagnostic possibilities such as obstetric, gynecologic, urologic, gastrointestinal, and vascular etiologies. The choice of the imaging modality is usually determined by a suspected clinical differential diagnosis. Thus the patient should undergo careful evaluation and the suspected differential diagnosis should be narrowed before an optimal imaging modality is chosen...
June 2016: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26583344/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#18
REVIEW
Bouthaina S Dabaja, Ranjana Advani, David C Hodgson, Sughosh Dhakal, Christopher R Flowers, Chul S Ha, Bradford S Hoppe, Nancy P Mendenhall, Monika L Metzger, John P Plastaras, Kenneth B Roberts, Ronald Shapiro, Sonali M Smith, Stephanie A Terezakis, Karen M Winkfield, Anas Younes, Louis S Constine
The management of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma depends on the initial diagnosis including molecular and immunophenotypic characteristics, Ann Arbor staging, and International Prognostic Index (IPI score). Treatment approaches with different chemotherapy regimens used is discussed in detail. The role of radiation as a consolidation is discussed including: (1) the prerituximab randomized trials that challenged the role of radiation, (2) recent prospective studies (UNFOLDER/RICOVER-60), and (3) retrospective studies; the last 2 showed a potential benefit of radiation both for early and advanced stage...
December 2015: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26568534/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-adjuvant-therapy-in-vulvar-cancer
#19
Shruti Jolly, Payal Soni, David K Gaffney, Matthew Biagioli, Mohamed A Elshaikh, Anuja Jhingran, Elizabeth Kidd, Larissa J Lee, Linna Li, David H Moore, Gautam G Rao, Andrew O Wahl, Ned L Williams, Catheryn M Yashar, William Small
These American College of Radiology consensus guidelines were formed from an expert panel on the appropriate use of adjuvant therapy in vulvar cancer after primary treatment with surgery. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria® are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel...
November 2015: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26439890/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-intensive-care-unit-patients
#20
REVIEW
Robert D Suh, Scott J Genshaft, Jacobo Kirsch, Jeffrey P Kanne, Jonathan H Chung, Edwin F Donnelly, Mark E Ginsburg, Darel E Heitkamp, Travis S Henry, Ella A Kazerooni, Loren H Ketai, Barbara L McComb, James G Ravenel, Anthony G Saleh, Rakesh D Shah, Robert M Steiner, Tan-Lucien H Mohammed
Portable chest radiography is a fundamental and frequently utilized examination in the critically ill patient population. The chest radiograph often represents a timely investigation of new or rapidly evolving clinical findings and an evaluation of proper positioning of support tubes and catheters. Thoughtful consideration of the use of this simple yet valuable resource is crucial as medical cost containment becomes even more mandatory. This review addresses the role of chest radiography in the intensive care unit on the basis of the existing literature and as formed by a consensus of an expert panel on thoracic imaging through the American College of Radiology...
November 2015: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
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