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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045916/suicide-deaths-among-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-receiving-dialysis-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-of-64-000-patients-in-taiwan
#1
I-Ming Chen, Po-Hsien Lin, Vin-Cent Wu, Chi-Shin Wu, Jia-Chi Shan, Shu-Sen Chang, Shih-Cheng Liao
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who receive dialysis may experience increased distress and risk of suicide. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study linked Taiwan's national register of ESRD patients on dialysis and the cause-of-death mortality data file. A separate multiple-cause-of-death data file was used to investigate the detailed suicide methods used. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for the overall patient group and by sex, age, year of initiating dialysis, method of suicide, and time since initiation of dialysis...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045621/using-proton-pump-inhibitors-correlates-with-an-increased-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-database-derived-case-controlled-study
#2
Shih-Chang Hung, Kuan-Fu Liao, Hung-Chang Hung, Cheng-Li Lin, Shih-Wei Lai, Po-Chang Lee, Shih-Rong Hung
Background: Those taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) might have a higher risk of acute kidney injury. The long-term safety, especially the PPI-associated chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the subsequent concern. Objective: This study explores the potential relationship between using PPIs and CKD in Taiwan. Methods: Using a database collated by the Taiwan National Health Insurance programme, we conducted a population-based case-controlled study to identify 16 704 cases of patients aged 20 years or older with newly diagnosed CKD between 2000 and 2013...
October 14, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045500/using-egocentric-analysis-to-investigate-professional-networks-and-productivity-of-graduate-students-and-faculty-in-life-sciences-in-japan-singapore-and-taiwan
#3
Noriko Hara, Hui Chen, Marcus Antonius Ynalvez
Prior studies showed that scientists' professional networks contribute to research productivity, but little work has examined what factors predict the formation of professional networks. This study sought to 1) examine what factors predict the formation of international ties between faculty and graduate students and 2) identify how these international ties would affect publication productivity in three East Asian countries. Face-to-face surveys and in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of faculty and doctoral students in life sciences at 10 research institutions in Japan, Singapore, and Taiwan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045023/more-advanced-disease-and-worse-survival-in-cryptogenic-compared-to-viral-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
Tomi W Jun, Ming-Lun Yeh, Ju Dong Yang, Vincent L Chen, Pauline Nguyen, Nasra H Giama, Chung-Feng Huang, Ann W Hsing, Chia-Yen Dai, Jee-Fu Huang, Wan-Long Chuang, Lewis R Roberts, Ming-Lung Yu, Mindie H Nguyen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections remain major risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), non-viral causes of HCC, particularly non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, are becoming increasingly prevalent. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and survival of cryptogenic and viral HCC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving 3,878 consecutive HCC patients seen at two tertiary centers in the United States and one in Taiwan from 2004-2014...
October 16, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044546/associations-between-depression-anxiety-and-headache-frequency-in-migraineurs-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Hsuan-Te Chu, Chih-Sung Liang, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Ta-Chuan Yeh, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Yueh-Feng Sung, Fu-Chi Yang
BACKGROUND: While migraines have been associated with emotional disturbances, it remains unknown whether the intensity of emotional expression is directly related to migraine frequency. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated depression/anxiety among migraineurs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 588 clinical outpatients in Taiwan. Migraines were stratified by attack frequency, with and without auras, and with well-controlled confounding variables...
October 18, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044438/high-total-volatile-organic-compounds-pollution-in-a-hospital-dental-department
#6
Ming-Hui Liu, Tao-Hsin Tung, Fen-Fang Chung, Li-Chuan Chuang, Gwo-Hwa Wan
Bioaerosols produced by dental procedures may affect indoor air quality and cause infections in dental healthcare workers. To provide air quality data that can be used to protect dental healthcare workers, this study evaluated the air quality and its influencing factors in the dental department of the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan. The study was a cross-sectional study design. Indoor air quality (IAQ) evaluations were conducted in six locations: pediatric dentistry, craniofacial orthodontic dentistry, periodontal dentistry, and general practice dentistry, instrument washing room, and patient waiting area...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042385/association-between-malignancies-and-marfan-syndrome-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#7
Chin-Wang Hsu, Jen-Chun Wang, Wen-I Liao, Wu-Chien Chien, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Min-Tser Liao, Shih-Hung Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Marfan syndrome (MFS) involves a deficiency of the structural extracellular matrix component fibrillin-1 and overactivation of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signalling pathway. The TGF-β signalling pathway also actively participates in malignant transformation. Although anecdotal case reports have suggested associations between MFS/MFS-like conditions and several haematological and solid malignancies, such associations have not been thoroughly evaluated in large-scale studies...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042372/awareness-and-willingness-towards-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-against-hiv-infection-among-individuals-seeking-voluntary-counselling-and-testing-for-hiv-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#8
Yi-Chieh Lee, Sui-Yuan Chang, Kuan-Yin Lin, Lan-Hsin Chang, Wen-Chun Liu, Cheng-Hsin Wu, Hsin-Yun Sun, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the awareness and willingness towards pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals seeking voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV in Taiwan, where PrEP is currently not reimbursed by the insurance. METHODS: Between April and October 2016, a questionnaire interview was conducted among VCT clients to inquire about the attitudes towards PrEP against HIV infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associated factors with willingness to initiate PrEP...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042370/mandated-reporters-experiences-with-reporting-child-maltreatment-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#9
Jill R McTavish, Melissa Kimber, Karen Devries, Manuela Colombini, Jennifer C D MacGregor, C Nadine Wathen, Arnav Agarwal, Harriet L MacMillan
OBJECTIVE: To systematically search for research about the effectiveness of mandatory reporting of child maltreatment and to synthesise qualitative research that explores mandated reporters' (MRs) experiences with reporting. DESIGN: As no studies assessing the effectiveness of mandatory reporting were retrieved from our systematic search, we conducted a meta-synthesis of retrieved qualitative research. Searches in Medline (Ovid), Embase, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Sociological Abstracts, Education Resources Information Center, Criminal Justice Abstracts and Cochrane Library yielded over 6000 citations, which were deduplicated and then screened by two independent reviewers...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042219/accurate-classification-of-diminutive-colorectal-polyps-using-computer-aided-analysis
#10
Peng-Jen Chen, Meng-Chiung Lin, Mei-Ju Lai, Jung-Chun Lin, Henry Horng-Shing Lu, Vincent S Tseng
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Narrow-band imaging (NBI) is an image-enhanced form of endoscopy used to observed microstructures and capillaries of the mucosal epithelium that allows for real-time prediction of histologic features of colorectal polyps. However, NBI expertise is required to differentiate hyperplastic from neoplastic polyps with high levels of accuracy. We developed and tested a system of computer-aided diagnosis with a deep neural network (DNN-CAD) to analyze narrow-band images of diminutive colorectal polyps...
October 14, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042135/linkages-between-the-spatial-toxicity-of-sediments-and-sediment-dynamics-in-the-yangtze-river-estuary-and-neighboring-east-china-sea
#11
Jinjuan Gao, Huahong Shi, Zhijun Dai, Xuefei Mei, Haibo Zong, Hongwei Yang, Lingling Hu, Shushi Li
Anthropogenic activities are driving an increase in sediment contamination in coastal areas. This poses significant challenges for the management of estuarine ecosystems and their adjacent seas worldwide. However, few studies have been conducted on how dynamic mechanisms affect the sediment toxicity in the estuarine environment. This study was designed to investigate the linkages between sediment toxicity and hydrodynamics in the Yangtze River Estuary (YRE) area. High sediment toxicity was found in the Yangtze River mouth (Region I), the depocenter of the Yangtze River Delta (Region II), and the southeastern area of the adjacent sea (Region III), while low sediment toxicity was found in the northeastern offshore region (Region IV)...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042105/total-mercury-flux-and-offshore-transport-via-submarine-groundwater-discharge-and-coal-fired-power-plant-in-the-jiulong-river-estuary-china
#12
Jigang Wang, Qian Liu, Jinmin Chen, Hongzhe Chen, Hui Lin, Xiuwu Sun
A mass balance of total mercury (HgT, dissolved+particulate) is constructed for China's Jiulong River estuary based on measured HgT concentrations in the surface water, sediment, porewater, and groundwater for May, August, and November 2009, combined with data from the literature. The HgT mass budget results show that the dominant source (39-55%) is desulfurized seawater discharged from the Songyu coal-fired power plant. Submarine groundwater discharge (SGD)-derived HgT flux into the estuary is equivalent to 8-58% of the HgT input from the Jiulong River, which is remarkable when compared with SGD-derived HgT fluxes reported in coastal systems worldwide...
October 14, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041924/the-value-of-repeat-radial-probe-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-biopsy-after-initial-non-diagnostic-results-in-patients-with-peripheral-pulmonary-lesions
#13
Chun-Ta Huang, Yi-Ju Tsai, Chao-Chi Ho, Chong-Jen Yu
BACKGROUND: Radial-probe endobronchial ultrasound (rEBUS)-guided transbronchial biopsy (TBB) is invaluable in the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs); however, in certain instances, the procedure has to be repeated because of initial non-diagnostic procedure(s). Little if any literature has been published on this issue. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the utility of repeat rEBUS-guided TBB in achieving a definitive diagnosis of PPLs. METHODS: All patients who underwent rEBUS-guided TBB of PPLs at National Taiwan University Hospital between 2011 and 2015 and had a repeat procedure after non-diagnostic initial procedures were identified as the study subjects...
October 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041841/effect-of-home-telehealth-care-on-blood-pressure-control-a-public-healthcare-centre-model
#14
Ju-Fen Lu, Ching-Min Chen, Chien-Yeh Hsu
Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of home telehealth care combined with case management by public health nurses, in improving blood pressure control in patients with hypertension. Methods This cohort study examined the data of patients with hypertension obtained from a telehealth service centre database, between July 2011- June 2012. Eligible patients were adults (≥40 years old) with both prehypertension and hypertension, living alone or in the remote suburbs of metropolitan areas. Demographic data were collected from 12 district public health centre in Taipei, Taiwan...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040733/decreased-incidence-of-gout-in-diabetic-patients-using-pioglitazone
#15
Sheng-Wen Niu, Kai-Ting Chang, Hugo You-Hsien Lin, I-Ching Kuo, Yu-Han Chang, Yu-Han Chen, Chi-Chih Hung, Yi-Wen Chiu, Shang-Jyh Hwang
Objective: The incidence and prevalence of gout are increasing, but the management is poor. Considering the increased prevalence of gout in the diabetic population, this study evaluated the effects of pioglitazone, an insulin resistance inhibitor, on the incidence of gout in the diabetic population. Methods: We used data from the National Health Insurance program in Taiwan. The pioglitazone cohort contained 30 100 patients and each patient was age and sex matched with three non-pioglitazone users who were randomly selected from the diabetic population...
October 10, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040317/economic-benefits-of-sharing-and-redistributing-influenza-vaccines-when-shortages-occurred
#16
Sheng-I Chen
BACKGROUND: Recurrent influenza outbreak has been a concern for government health institutions in Taiwan. Over 10% of the population is infected by influenza viruses every year, and the infection has caused losses to both health and the economy. Approximately three million free vaccine doses are ordered and administered to high-risk populations at the beginning of flu season to control the disease. The government recommends sharing and redistributing vaccine inventories when shortages occur...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039774/transnational-dynamics-amid-poor-regulations-taiwan-s-asbestos-ban-actions-and-experiences
#17
Harry Yi-Jui Wu, Ro-Ting Lin, Jung-Der Wang, Yawen Cheng
This article describes the history of the asbestos use regulation process in Taiwan and the associated factors leading to its total ban in 2018. Despite the long history of asbestos mining and manufacturing since the Japanese colonial period, attempts to understand the impact of asbestos on the health of the population and to control its use did not emerge until the early 1980s. We attempted to investigate the driving forces and obstructions involved in asbestos regulations by reviewing available public sources and scientific journal articles and conducting interviews with key propagators of the asbestos regulation and ban...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037552/the-impact-of-prenatal-group-b-streptococcus-screening-as-a-national-health-policy-in-taiwan
#18
Fung-Wei Chang, Chun-I Lee, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Her-Young Su, Yung-Liang Liu, Cheng-Yu Chen
OBJECTIVE: There was no national data on group B streptococcus (GBS) infections in Taiwan. Until 2012, when prenatal GBS screening was introduced to obstetric practices as a national health policy aimed at reducing neonatal GBS infections. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of this national health policy on the incidence of maternal GBS colonization and neonatal GBS infection rate. Relatedly, the clinical characteristics of neonatal GBS infection were investigated to determine the correlations between the incidence of maternal GBS colonization and the neonatal GBS infection rate...
October 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037550/temporal-availability-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-clinics-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-survey
#19
Wei-Ting Chang, Hsin-I Leu, Huang-Pin Chen, Ming-Hwai Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Li-Fang Chou, Peng-Hui Wang
OBJECTIVE: Obstetrician-gynecologists are the main providers of women's healthcare. However, workforce shortages and excessive workloads among these providers have been encountered in many countries. While most past studies on this subject have investigated the spatial distribution of obstetrics-gynecology clinics, few have focused on their temporal availability, especially on the national level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The weekly opening time schedules (divided into morning, afternoon, and evening sessions) of all obstetrics-gynecology clinics in Taiwan were extracted from the web site of Taiwan's National Health Insurance Administration in July 2015...
October 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037539/outstanding-female-cancer-research-paper-awards-of-the-2016-taiwan-association-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-and-hsu-chien-tien-cancer-foundation
#20
EDITORIAL
Peng-Hui Wang, Chih-Ping Chen, Tsung-Cheng Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
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