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Luna Chang, Shu-Chuan Chen, Shu-Ling Hung
Based on 2015 annual report of foreign spouse populations were above 507,266 people in Taiwan. Most of them (68%) came from Mainland China, 29% from south-east Asia. 92% of foreign spouses were female (2015). Therefore, a challenge arises for nursing students to provide care to clients with multiple cultural variations in Taiwan. The study objectives were to explore the related factors of cultural care competence and estimate the effects of a short-term reinforced cultural course. The study used a quasi-experimental design...
May 19, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
Yi-Jiun Su, Po-Nan Wang, Hung Chang, Lee-Yung Shih, Tung-Liang Lin, Ming-Chung Kuo, Wen-Yu Chuang, Jin-Hou Wu, Tzung-Chih Tang, Yu-Shin Hung, Po Dunn, Hsiao-Wen Kao
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to define the clinical features, outcome and prognostic factors for extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL) patients in Taiwan. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 101 ENKTL patients diagnosed between February 1998 and October 2015. RESULTS: The median age of 101 patients was 52 years old (range 22-85), 76.2% of patients were Ann-Arbor stage I/II disease. The five-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 49...
June 16, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Yuan-Yuei Chen, Wen-Hui Fang, Chung-Ching Wang, Tung-Wei Kao, Yaw-Wen Chang, Hui-Fang Yang, Chen-Jung Wu, Yu-Shan Sun, Wei-Liang Chen
Fibrocystic breast change (FBC) is extremely common and occurrs in 90% of women during their lives. The association between body composition and risk of breast cancer is well established. We hypothesized that the effect might exist during the development of FBC. Our aim was to examine the relationships of total lean mass (TLM) and percent body fat (PBF) with FBC in a general female population. In total, 8477 female subjects aged 20 years or older were enrolled in the study at the Tri-Service General Hospital in Taiwan from 2011 to 2016...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shin-Yi Lin, Nai-Yu Lin, Yu-Yao Huang, Chi-Chun Hsieh, Yhu-Chering Huang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage in patients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) in Taiwan, and to assess the concordance between colonizing and clinical MRSA isolates from the patients. METHOD: A total of 354 nasal specimens were collected from 112 to 242 diabetic patients with and without foot ulcer, respectively. MRSA clinical isolates from DFU wound cultures were collected for comparison. RESULTS: Nasal carriage rate of S...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang, Hung-Hui Chen, Kung-Liahng Wang, Chien-Wei Wang, I-Hsuan Shen, Hung-Chang Chang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of stroke (and subtypes of stroke) in women after elective bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at hysterectomy for benign diseases. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a nationwide population-based, retrospective cohort study using claims data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance program between 1997 and 2013. Women aged 20 years or more who underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at hysterectomy for benign diseases (n = 1083) were compared with women who did not undergo bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at hysterectomy for benign diseases (n = 3903)...
August 2018: Maturitas
I-Fei Huang, Wei-Yang Lee, Jiun-Ling Wang, Chih-Hsin Hung, Hong-Hsiang Hu, Wan-Yu Hung, Yun-Ju Hung, Wen-Chi Chen, Ying-Tso Shen, Ming-Fang Cheng
BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli (E. coli), particularly E. coli sequence type ST131, is becoming a global concern. Commensal bacteria, an important reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes, facilitate the spread of such genes to pathogenic bacterial strains. The objective of the study is to investigate the fecal carriage of MDR E. coli and ST131 E. coli in community children in Southern Taiwan. METHODS: In this prospective study, stool samples from children aged 0-18 years were obtained within 3 days of hospitalization from October 2013 to September 2014...
June 15, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Kuen-Cheh Yang, Hui-Fang Hung, Meng-Kan Chen, Li-Sheng Chen, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Amy-Ming Fang Yen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Sen-Te Wang
OBJECTIVES: Despite the fact that vaccination is an effective primary prevention strategy for containing influenza outbreak, health policymakers show great concern over enormous costs involved in universal immunization particularly when resources are limited. METHODS: We conducted a two-arm cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) that takes into account the aspect of herd immunity, using a study cohort that was composed of 100,000 residents with the make-up of demographic characteristics identical to those of the underlying population in Taipei County, Taiwan, during the epidemic influenza season of 2001-2002...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Ya-Sung Yang, Hsing-Yu Chen, Wei-Jane Hsu, Yu-Ching Chou, Cherng-Lih Perng, Hung-Sheng Shang, Yuan-Ting Hsiao, Jun-Ren Sun
OBJECTIVES: Tigecycline non-susceptible Acinetobacter nosocomialis (TNAN) have been discovered in clinical isolates. The resistance-nodulation-cell division (RND)-type efflux system plays a major role in tigecycline non-susceptible of Acinetobacter baumannii, but the mechanism in Acinetobacter nosocomialis remains unknown. Our aim was to analyze the contribution of efflux based tigecycline resistance in clinical A. nosocomialis isolates collected from multiple medical centers in Taiwan...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Yi-Tsung Lin, Yi-Hsiang Cheng, Chih-Han Juan, Ping-Feng Wu, Yi-Wei Huang, Sheng-Hua Chou, Tsuey-Ching Yang, Fu-Der Wang
Capsular type K1 Klebsiella pneumoniae, highly virulent strains which are common in Asian countries, can cause pyogenic infections. These hypervirulent strains are usually susceptible to most antimicrobials, except for ampicillin. Little is known regarding the clinical and molecular characteristics of antimicrobial-resistant K1 K. pneumoniae strains. This retrospective study evaluated patients infected with capsular type K1 K. pneumoniae strains in a Taiwanese medical centre between April 2013 and March 2016...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Yung-Jen Cheng, Mu-Hung Tsai, Chun-Ju Chiang, Sen-Tien Tsai, Tsang-Wu Liu, Pei-Jen Lou, Chun-Ta Liao, Jin-Ching Lin, Joseph Tung-Chieh Chang, Ming-Hsui Tsai, Pen-Yuan Chu, Yi-Shing Leu, Kuo-Yang Tsai, Shyuang-Der Terng, Chih-Yen Chien, Muh-Hwa Yang, Sheng-Po Hao, Chuan-Cheng Wang, Ming-Hsun Tsai, Helen H W Chen, Chin Kuo, Yuan-Hua Wu
Conduct an accurate risk assessment of resected oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients by accessing a nationwide systemic investigation is pivotal to improve treatment outcomes. In this article, we tried to determine the impact of different prognostic factors for OSCC patients who received adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) after curative surgery, using Taiwan's national cancer registry database (TCR). A nationwide, large population-based study was conducted using TCR with patients identified from 2007 to 2015...
June 14, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Chun Kuen Mak, Ching Yang, Chian-Ren Jeng, Victor Fei Pang, Kuang-Sheng Yeh
An outbreak of reproductive failure in a pig farm in Taiwan was investigated. Coinfection with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) was diagnosed in a stillborn pig by histopathology, polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry, and should be considered as a cause of reproductive failure.
May 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Shu-Wei Chou, Hsiu-Hao Chang, Meng-Yao Lu, Yung-Li Yang, Dong-Tsamn Lin, Kai-Hsin Lin, Shiann-Tarng Jou
BACKGROUND: Taiwan Pediatric Oncology Group (TPOG) initiated two consecutive protocols for treating pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma since 1995. However, the results have not been analyzed and reported yet. The aim of this study is to investigate the treatment results of these two protocols in our hospital and to assess whether the results are comparable to other large-scaled studies. METHODS: Treatment of pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma according to TPOG protocols at National Taiwan University Hospital began in 1995...
June 11, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Yu-Han Kao, Marisa C Eisenberg
Mathematical modeling has an extensive history in vector-borne disease epidemiology, and is increasingly used for prediction, intervention design, and understanding mechanisms. Many studies rely on parameter estimation to link models and data, and to tailor predictions and counterfactuals to specific settings. However, few studies have formally evaluated whether vector-borne disease models can properly estimate the parameters of interest given the constraints of a particular dataset. Identifiability analysis allows us to examine whether model parameters can be estimated uniquely-a lack of consideration of such issues can result in misleading or incorrect parameter estimates and model predictions...
May 26, 2018: Epidemics
Chi-Chen Wu, Ching-Heng Lin, Han-Sun Chiang, Ming-Je Tang
BACKGROUND: Disparities in prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes and their links to socioeconomic status (SES) have been intensively studied. A relatively low incidence rate and a high proportion of late-stage diagnosis have been documented in studies of Asian populations. For the past 20 years, the trend in the growth of PCa cases in Taiwan was opposite to that of Western countries. However, there is a striking paucity of local studies on these important issues. To mitigate this gap in knowledge, we exploited two population databases to investigate the impact of SES on PCa incidence rate and stage at diagnosis...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Pei-Shan Wu, Chien Chuang, Ping-Feng Wu, Yi-Tsung Lin, Fu-Der Wang
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics with anaerobic coverage are widely used for the treatment of biliary tract infection (BTI), even in the absence of isolated anaerobes. The current study aimed to investigate the differences in clinical outcomes in patients with community-onset bacteremic BTIs without anaerobic bacteremia, treated with vs. without anti-anaerobic coverage. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted at a medical center in Taiwan from September 2014 to March 2016...
June 15, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Shih-Hsien Lin, Po See Chen, Lan-Ting Lee, Sheng-Yu Lee, Hsin Chun Tsai, Wei Tseng Chen, Kao Chin Chen, I Hui Lee, Ru-Band Lu, Yen Kuang Yang
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have demonstrated that oxytocin can influence addiction behaviors and might interact with the dopaminergic system, which is a key component of addiction behaviors. However, related evidence from clinical studies is scarce. The aim of our study was to explore the relationship between plasma oxytocin level and heroin craving among patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment, and to ascertain whether this relationship is moderated by novelty-seeking. METHODS: The study was conducted in a methadone maintenance therapy clinic of a medical center in Taiwan...
June 14, 2018: European Addiction Research
Fararjeh-Salah Abdul Fattah, Shih-Hsin Tu, Li-Ching Chen, Yun-Ru Liu, Yen-Kuang Lin, Hang-Lung Chang, Hui-Wen Chang, Chih-Hsiung Wu, Wendy-Hwang Verslues, Yuan-Soon Ho
The transcription factor GATA3 plays a significant role in mammary gland development and differentiation. We analyzed expression of GATA3 in breast cancer (BC) cell lines and clinical specimens from BC patients in Taiwan. Semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), quantitative real-time PCR carried out to determine the mRNA level of GATA3 from 241 pairs of matched tumor and adjacent normal tissues from anonymous female donors. GATA3 immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining and H-score were performed (n=25)...
June 11, 2018: Human Pathology
Huy P Phan, Bing H Ngu, Hui-Wen Wang, Jen-Hwa Shih, Sheng-Ying Shi, Ruey-Yih Lin
Recent research has explored the nature of the theoretical concept of optimal best practice, which emphasizes the importance of personal resolve, inner strength, and the maximization of a person's development, whether it is mental, cognitive, social, or physical. In the context of academia, the study of optimal functioning places emphasis on a student's effort expenditure, positive outlook, and determination to strive for educational success and enriched subjective well-being. One major inquiry closely associated with optimal functioning is the process of optimization...
2018: PloS One
Wei-Fong Kao, Sen-Kuang Hou, Chun-Yao Huang, Chun-Chieh Chao, Chung-Chih Cheng, Yi-Jung Chen
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia. The most common diagnostic method, 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), can record episodes of arrhythmia from which the type and severity can be determined. The Heart Spectrum Blood Pressure Monitor (P2; OSTAR Meditech Corp., New Taipei City, Taiwan) is used to measure cardiovascular pressure change with fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis to obtain heart rate frequency variability and accurate blood pressure data. We compared the diagnostic efficacy of the Heart Spectrum Blood Pressure Monitor to a 12-lead ECG (gold standard) for patients with AF...
2018: PloS One
Te-Yu Wu, Fang-Ju Sun, Kwang-Yi Tung, Hui-Tzu Yeh, Chieh-Yu Liu
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Post-traumatic Syndrome Scale-Interview (C-PSSI) for severe burn victims of the Formosa Fun Coast Explosion that occurred in Taiwan. A purposive sampling, cross-sectional, descriptive design study was selected. Participants were patients with severe burns from the Formosa Fun Coast Explosion, selected from teaching medical centers in Taiwan. They completed the C-PSSI and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Statistical analysis was conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties, including reliability, construct validity (using confirmatory factor analysis), convergent validity, and criterion-related validity of the questionnaire...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
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