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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245147/levels-of-trace-elements-methylmercury-and-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-foraging-green-turtles-in-the-south-china-region-and-their-conservation-implications
#1
Connie Ka Yan Ng, James Chung Wah Lam, Xiao Hua Zhang, He Xiang Gu, Tsung Hsien Li, Min Bin Ye, Zhong Rong Xia, Fei Yan Zhang, Jin Xia Duan, Wen Xiong Wang, Isaac Kam Sum Lam, George H Balazs, Paul K S Lam, Margaret B Murphy
Sea turtles are globally endangered and face daily anthropogenic threats, including pollution. However, there is a lack of ecotoxicological information on sea turtles, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. This study aims to determine pollutant levels of foraging green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in South China, including Hong Kong, Guangdong and Taiwan, as a basis for their conservation. Scute, liver and muscle tissues of stranded green turtles were analysed for levels of 17 trace elements and methylmercury (MeHg) (n = 86 for scute and n = 14 for liver) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) (n = 11 for muscle and n = 13 for liver)...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245133/source-identification-and-ecological-impact-evaluation-of-pahs-in-urban-river-sediments-a-case-study-in-taiwan
#2
Y T Tu, J H Ou, D C W Tsang, C D Dong, C W Chen, C M Kao
The Love River and Ho-Jin River, two major urban rivers in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, are moderately to heavily polluted because different types of improperly treated wastewaters are discharged into the rivers. In this study, sediment and river water samples were collected from two rivers to investigate the river water quality and accumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments. The spatial distribution, composition, and source appointment of PAHs of the sediments were examined. The impacts of PAHs on ecological system were assessed using toxic equivalence quotient (TEQ) of potentially carcinogenic PAHs (TEQcarc) and sediment quality guidelines...
December 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244815/analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-taiwanese-freeze-dried-neurotoxic-antivenom-against-naja-kaouthia-naja-siamensis-and-ophiophagus-hannah-through-proteomics-and-animal-model-approaches
#3
Chien-Chun Liu, Chen-Hsien You, Po-Jung Wang, Jau-Song Yu, Guo-Jen Huang, Chien-Hsin Liu, Wen-Chin Hsieh, Chih-Chuan Lin
In Southeast Asia, envenoming resulting from cobra snakebites is an important public health issue in many regions, and antivenom therapy is the standard treatment for the snakebite. Because these cobras share a close evolutionary history, the amino acid sequences of major venom components in different snakes are very similar. Therefore, either monovalent or polyvalent antivenoms may offer paraspecific protection against envenomation of humans by several different snakes. In Taiwan, a bivalent antivenom-freeze-dried neurotoxic antivenom (FNAV)-against Bungarus multicinctus and Naja atra is available...
December 15, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244265/herpes-zoster-and-dementia-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Shu-I Wu, Kuo-You Huang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Hsin-Yi Liang, Kuan-Lun Huang, Michael Gossop
OBJECTIVE: Some infectious diseases have been found to be associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. However, the relationship between herpes zoster and dementia has received little attention. This study aimed to investigate this association as well as associations of antiviral treatments for herpes zoster and incident dementia using a large national sample. METHODS: Cases were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with a new diagnosis of herpes zoster (ICD-9-CM code: 053) between 1997 and 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243513/evaluation-of-health-care-costs-and-utilization-for-patients-with-gout-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#5
Yi-Yun Lee, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Jin-Hua Chen, Li-Na Kuo, Yu Ko
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the economic burden of gout patients in Taiwan, we conducted a nationwide retrospective study to compare the healthcare costs and utilization between gout and gout-free patients. METHODS: The Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) 2010 was used to identify gout cases and matched gout-free controls. Gout cases were defined as having (1) at least three instances of diagnoses of gout on medical claims or (2) one diagnosis of gout with at least one gout-related pharmacy claim in 2011...
December 15, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243407/rheumatic-diseases-are-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-dementia-a-nation-wide-population-based-case-control-study
#6
Kuan-Ting Chen, Yen-Chung Chen, Yu-Hsi Fan, Wen-Xiu Lin, Wun-Cin Lin, Yu-Hsun Wang, Lichi Lin, Jeng-Yuan Chiou, James C-C Wei
AIM: Previous research demonstrated the possible relevance of dementia and rheumatic diseases. This population-based study aims to investigate the association of rheumatic diseases and dementia. METHODS: The data of this case-control study was extracted from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Diagnosis of dementia and rheumatic diseases mentioned in this study were retrieved by the International Classification of Diseases-9 code. We recruited cases (n = 10 180) with dementia and controls (n = 61 080) during 2000-2010, by matching on age, gender and index date with a match ratio 1 : 6...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243055/population-based-study-suggests-an-increased-risk-of-alzheimer-sdisease-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#7
Po-Chou Liliang, Cheng-Loong Liang, Kang Lu, San-Nan Yang, Meng-Tsang Hsieh, Yi-Cheng Tai, Kuo-Wei Wang
This population-based study was designed to estimate and compare the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) between patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and non-SS patients during a 10-year follow-up period. This is a retrospective cohort study. Data were obtained from the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. We identified 4463 primary SS patients and 22,315 non-SS patients; patients were matched by sex, age, and the year of index use of health care. Each patient was studied to identify the subsequent manifestation of AD...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242536/nitrogen-fixation-in-two-coastal-upwelling-regions-of-the-taiwan-strait
#8
Zuozhu Wen, Wenfang Lin, Rong Shen, Haizheng Hong, Shuh-Ji Kao, Dalin Shi
Recent studies have demonstrated that dinitrogen fixation can be important in nutrient-rich coastal upwelling regions. During a cruise to the Taiwan Strait in summer 2015, we found that the nitrogen fixation rate in surface waters ranged from below detection limits to 7.51 nmol N L-1 d-1. Higher rates accompanied by low N:P ratios (1-10.4:1) associated with low temperatures occurred in the surface water where the Pingtan and the Dongshan upwelling regions met (the NE area). In contrast, insignificant rates were observed in the southwest area of the Dongshan upwelling region (the SW area) with sufficient N and deficient P, and therefore high N:P ratios (e...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242443/dna-barcoding-and-morphological-data-reveal-a-new-i-hyposoter-i-hymenoptera-ichneumonidae-porizontinae-reared-from-a-rare-zygaenid-moth-i-artona-i-i-flavipuncta-i-hampson-1900-in-taiwan
#9
Young-Fa Chen, Chia-Lung Huang, Yu-Feng Hsu
A new species of Hyposoter Foerster, 1869 is discovered based on morphology of adults and cocoons, biology, and DNA barcoding evidence. It is herein described as Hyposoter distriangulum Chen, Huang & Hsu sp. nov. , which is a common parasitoid of a rare zygaenid moth Artona flavipuncta Hampson, 1900. The differences between similar Hyposoter species in Japan and Taiwan are also presented.
October 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241925/a-community-based-epidemiological-survey-of-overactive-bladder-and-voiding-dysfunction-in-female-taiwanese-residents-aged-40-years-and-above
#10
Soo-Cheen Ng, Suh-Woan Hu, Gin-Den Chen
OBJECTIVE: This is part of a three-year study designed to evaluate the natural history of lower urinary tract symptoms in local community residents aged 40 years and above in central Taiwan. We evaluated the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in female residents using validated questionnaires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire containing groups of different questionnaires was translated into Chinese and each one was validated separately...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241919/does-the-freeze-all-policy-allow-for-a-better-outcome-in-assisted-reproductive-techniques-than-the-use-of-fresh-embryo-transfers-a%C3%A2-retrospective-study-on-cumulative-live-birth-rates
#11
Jui-Chun Chang, Ming-Jer Chen, Hwa-Fen Guu, Ya-Fang Chen, Yu-Chiao Yi, Hsiao-Fan Kung, Li-Yu Chen, Min-Min Chou
OBJECTIVE: There are increasing concerns regarding the adverse effects associated with control ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) in both endometrial and uterine environments. With the "segmentation treatment policy" of assisted reproductive techniques (ART), endometrial problems may be obviated through embryo cryopreservation. However, it remains unclear if the "freeze-all policy" offers a better outcome when compared with fresh embryo transfer (ET). To clarify this, we compared the cumulative live birth rates (CLBRs) between these two patient populations...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240985/serological-responses-to-revaccination-with-hav-vaccines-among-hiv-positive-individuals-whose-anti-hav-antibody-waned-after-primary-vaccination
#12
Guan-Jhou Chen, Hsin-Yun Sun, Kuan-Yin Lin, Aristine Cheng, Yi-Chia Huang, Szu-Min Hsieh, Wang-Huei Sheng, Wen-Chun Liu, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
BACKGROUND: Among HIV-positive individuals, seroprotection for hepatitis A virus (HAV) following primary vaccination may wane with time. However, seroresponses to HAV revaccination are rarely investigated among HIV-positive patients who have lost protective antibodies after primary vaccination. METHODS: During the outbreak of acute hepatitis A in Taiwan after June 2015, HAV-seronegative, HIV-positive individuals were advised to receive 2 doses of HAV vaccines at 24 weeks apart...
December 14, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239678/the-effect-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-acute-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-after-hysterosalpingography-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Hao-Ming Li, Fung-Chang Sung, Shang-Chieh Li, Ying-Kai Huang, Yu Chang, Chi-Chang Chang, S Joseph Huang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
AIMS: The concern about acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) after hysterosalpingography (HSG) has been raised since 1980. However, the effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotics remains unclear. This study investigated the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis in women undergoing HSG. METHODS: Women undergoing HSG between 2000 and 2012 were screened from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for eligibility. The prophylactic cohort included patients using any antibiotics of 1st-generation cephalosporins, doxycycline, clindamycin, and metronidazole, within seven days before HSG (N = 3257)...
December 14, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239562/balancing-geo-privacy-and-spatial-patterns-in-epidemiological-studies
#14
Chien-Chou Chen, Jen-Hsiang Chuang, Da-Wei Wang, Chien-Min Wang, Bo-Cheng Lin, Ta-Chien Chan
To balance the protection of geo-privacy and the accuracy of spatial patterns, we developed a geo-spatial tool (GeoMasker) intended to mask the residential locations of patients or cases in a geographic information system (GIS). To elucidate the effects of geo-masking parameters, we applied 2010 dengue epidemic data from Taiwan testing the tool's performance in an empirical situation. The similarity of pre- and post-spatial patterns was measured by D statistics under a 95% confidence interval. In the empirical study, different magnitudes of anonymisation (estimated Kanonymity ≥10 and 100) were achieved and different degrees of agreement on the pre- and post-patterns were evaluated...
November 8, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238934/treatment-outcome-of-non-carbapenemase-producing-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-infections-a-multicenter-study-in-taiwan
#15
Chin-Fang Su, Chien Chuang, Yi-Tsung Lin, Yu-Jiun Chan, Jung-Chung Lin, Po-Liang Lu, Ching-Tai Huang, Jann-Tay Wang, Yin-Ching Chuang, L Kristopher Siu, Chang-Phone Fung
Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infections are associated with high mortality, and experiences with its treatment are usually based on carbapenemase-producing strains. Non-carbapenemase-producing CRKP is of clinical significance, but relevant studies are lacking. This nationwide study aimed to evaluate the outcome of antimicrobial therapy in patients with non-carbapenemase-producing CRKP infections. Patients with non-carbapenemase-producing CRKP infections were enrolled from 16 hospitals during January 2013 to December 2014 in Taiwan...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238563/a-biogeographical-study-on-tropical-flora-of-southern-china
#16
Hua Zhu
The tropical climate in China exists in southeastern Xizang (Tibet), southwestern to southeastern Yunnan, southwestern Guangxi, southern Guangdon, southern Taiwan, and Hainan, and these southern Chinese areas contain tropical floras. I checked and synonymized native seed plants from these tropical areas in China and recognized 12,844 species of seed plants included in 2,181 genera and 227 families. In the tropical flora of southern China, the families are mainly distributed in tropical areas and extend into temperate zones and contribute to the majority of the taxa present...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238221/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-the-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-hepatitis-b-virus-infected-patients
#17
Chia-Ming Chang, Ming-Shun Hsieh, Tsung-Chieh Yang, Vivian Chia-Rong Hsieh, Jen-Huai Chiang, Hsien-Hao Huang, Chorng-Kuang How, Sung-Yuan Hu, David Hung-Tsang Yen
Background: This study aimed to investigate the association between the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Methods: We conducted a population-based cohort study by using claims data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). The study cohort comprised 1380 newly diagnosed HBV-infected patients with SSRI use who were frequency matched by age, sex, liver cirrhosis, and index year with HBV-infected patients without SSRI use in the comparison cohort...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237484/the-clinical-efficacy-of-afatinib-30%C3%A2-mg-daily-as-starting-dose-may-not-be-inferior-to-afatinib-40%C3%A2-mg-daily-in-patients-with-stage-iv-lung-adenocarcinoma-harboring-exon-19-or-exon-21-mutations
#18
Chih-Jen Yang, Ming-Ju Tsai, Jen-Yu Hung, Mei-Hsuan Lee, Ying-Ming Tsai, Yu-Chen Tsai, Jui-Feng Hsu, Ta-Chih Liu, Ming-Shyan Huang, Inn-Wen Chong
BACKGROUND: Afatinib is a second-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). Compared to cytotoxic chemotherapy, afatinib has been shown to have better efficacy in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer harboring EGFR mutations. However, 40 mg daily as the initial dose is often accompanied by serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and 28 to 53.3% of patients required a dose reduction. No previous study has compared the clinical efficacy and ADRs of different initial doses (40 mg vs...
December 13, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236717/burrow-characteristics-of-the-mud-shrimp-austinogebia-edulis-an-ecological-engineer-causing-sediment-modification-of-a-tidal-flat
#19
Shagnika Das, Li-Chun Tseng, Lan Wang, Jiang-Shiou Hwang
The mud shrimp Austinogebia edulis, being abundant in the intertidal zone of western Taiwan, constructs deep burrows (>1 m). This study highlights the potential of mud shrimps to modify sediment characteristics of the tidal flat by its burrowing behavior. We studied the structure of the burrow wall, compared the difference in the sediment composition of the burrow and the background sediment, and compared the organic content inside the burrow wall. This study was carried out from September 2015 to November 2016 in three areas of the western coast of Taiwan, namely Shengang, Hanbow, and Wangong...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236084/phylodynamic-and-genetic-diversity-of-canine-parvovirus-type-2c-in-taiwan
#20
Yung-Cheng Lin, Shu-Yun Chiang, Hung-Yi Wu, Jih-Hui Lin, Ming-Tang Chiou, Hsin-Fu Liu, Chao-Nan Lin
Canine parvovirus type 2c (CPV-2c) emerged in 2000 and is known for causing a more severe disease than other CPV-2 variants in puppies. In 2015, the emerging CPV-2c variant was isolated in Taiwan and it subsequently became the predominant variant. To trace the evolution of Taiwanese CPV-2c, we compared complete VP2 genes of CPV-2c from Taiwan and sequences obtained from GenBank. The evolutionary rate of CPV-2c was estimated to be 4.586 × 10-4 substitutions per site per year (95% highest posterior density (HPD) was 3...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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