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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092801/the-association-between-personal-income-and-aging-a-population-based-13-year-longitudinal-study
#1
Tzu-Yu Lin, Chia-Yu Chen, Chueh-Yung Tsao, Kuang-Hung Hsu
INTRODUCTION: Population aging is set to increase the elder dependency ratio, causing a rapid increase in healthcare expenditures and financial burden on the government. This study aims to construct an aging score from age-related diseases and to perform longitudinal analyses to examine the association between personal income and aging. METHODS: A total of 86,838 subjects drawn from a community with 384,617 residents in northern Taiwan were examined. Personal income and aging-related diseases were measured from the National Health Insurance database during 1997-2010...
January 9, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092798/acute-kidney-injury-and-risk-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Tsung-Hang Kuo, Hsin-Yang Li, Sheng-Hsiang Lin
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases risk for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). However, few studies have investigated the relationship between acute kidney injury (AKI) and risk of DVT and PE. Therefore, we conducted a nationwide longitudinal cohort study to determine whether patients with AKI are associated with increased risk of developing DVT and PE. METHODS: We included >30years-old inpatients (n=4734) receiving the diagnosis of AKI from 2000 to 2006 and their age-and sex-matched non-AKI inpatients using medical service in the same year (n=47...
January 6, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092399/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-global-and-domain-specific-cognitive-decline-in-chinese-elderly
#3
Yen-Ching Chen, Chien-Cheng Jung, Jen-Hau Chen, Jeng-Min Chiou, Ta-Fu Chen, Ya-Fang Chen, Sung-Chun Tang, Shin-Joe Yeh, Meei-Shyuan Lee
BACKGROUND: Significant differences exist between eastern and western diets, and the way in which Chinese dietary intake relates to specific cognitive domains remains unclear. We aimed to assess the association between dietary patterns (DPs) and cognitive decline in Chinese elderly. SETTING: Participants were recruited from the elderly health checkup program of a teaching hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 475 elders (age ≥65) were included in this prospective cohort study...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091725/genetic-polymorphism-investigation-of-the-chinese-yi-minority-using-powerplex%C3%A2-y23-str-amplification-system
#4
GuangLin He, PengYu Chen, Xing Zou, Xu Chen, Feng Song, Jing Yan, YiPing Hou
Twenty-three Y-STR loci (DYS576, DYS389I, DYS389 II, DYS448, DYS19, DYS391, DYS481, DYS549, DYS533, DYS438, DYS437, DYS570, DYS635, DYS390, DYS439, DYS392, DYS393, DYS458 DYS456, DYS643, Y-GATA-H4, and DYS385a/b) included in the next-generation PowerPlex® Y23 System were first investigated in 311 unrelated, healthy male individuals from the Yi minority population residing in the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, China. A total of 179 alleles and 297 haplotypes were discovered in the Yi group. In total, 285 haplotypes among them were unique, and the remaining 12 haplotypes were observed in two or three individuals...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090700/the-mandarin-chinese-version-of-the-beach-centre-family-quality-of-life-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties-in-taiwanese-families-of-children-with-developmental-delay
#5
S-J Chiu, P-T Chen, Y-T Chou, L-Y Chien
BACKGROUND: Early intervention (EI) practitioners provide individualised family-centred services to enhance the quality of life (QOL) of families of children with developmental delay (DD). Family QOL (FQOL) could be an important outcome indictor for EI, but there is no measurement tool for FQOL in Mandarin Chinese. The purpose of this study was to translate the Beach Centre FQOL Scale (BCFQOL) into Mandarin Chinese and to examine the psychometric properties of the scale in families of children with DD...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089594/epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-sensitive-exon-19-insertion-and-exon-20-insertion-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Yen-Ting Lin, Yi-Nan Liu, Shang-Gin Wu, James Chih-Hsin Yang, Jin-Yuan Shih
BACKGROUND: The clinical responsiveness to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with exon 19 insertion and the specific exon 20 insertion (A763_Y764 insFQEA) are still not well known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed cancer specimens taken from NSCLC patients for EGFR mutations using RNA reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction or direct DNA sequencing. The clinical course and responsiveness to an EGFR TKI in patients with EGFR exon 19 insertion or exon 20 insertion (A763_Y764 insFQEA) were recorded...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089493/recent-advances-of-stroke-thrombolysis-in%C3%A2-taiwan-a-successful-interaction-between%C3%A2-physicians-regulators-and-national-health-insurance-administration
#7
Cheng-Yang Hsieh, Ruey-Tay Lin, Han-Hua Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089433/derivation-and-validation-of-a-scoring-system-for-predicting-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-taiwanese-patients-with-severe-obesity
#8
Chi-Ming Tai, Ming-Lung Yu, Hung-Pin Tu, Chih-Kun Huang, Jau-Chung Hwang, Wan-Long Chuang
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is common in severely obese Asians and may progress to advanced liver disease. Although invasive, liver biopsy is the gold standard for NASH diagnosis. Scoring systems for predicting NASH in obese Asians are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a scoring system to predict NASH in Taiwanese patients with severe obesity. SETTING: University hospital, Taiwan. METHODS: Preoperative clinical and laboratory data were obtained from 180 severely obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery...
December 7, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089151/influenza-vaccination-reduces-hemorrhagic-stroke-risk-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Ju-Chi Liu, Ta-Jung Wang, Li-Chin Sung, Pai-Feng Kao, Tsung-Yeh Yang, Wen-Rui Hao, Chun-Chao Chen, Yi-Ping Hsu, Szu-Yuan Wu
PURPOSE: The risk of hemorrhagic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is low but the consequences of its occurrence are extremely severe. In this study, we investigated the association of influenza vaccination with the risk of hemorrhagic stroke to develop an efficient strategy for reducing this risk in patients with AF. METHODS: In this study, data were retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The study cohort comprised all patients who received a diagnosis of AF (n=14,454) before January 1, 2005 (index date) and were followed until December 31, 2012...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089100/community-onset-clostridium-difficile-infection-at-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-southern-taiwan-2007-2015
#10
Chin-Shiang Tsai, Yuan-Pin Hung, Jen-Chieh Lee, Nan-Yao Lee, Po-Lin Chen, Ling-Shan Syue, Ming-Chi Li, Chia-Wen Li, Wen-Chien Ko
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is well-known as the major cause of infectious diarrhea in hospitalized patients. Community-onset CDI (CO-CDI) is an emerging threat. However, clinical information of CO-CDI in Taiwan remains scarce. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at a medical center in southern Taiwan. Symptomatic patients between 2007 and 2015 with C. difficile toxin or tcdB detected in stool were identified as CDI, and were classified as CO-CDI [including community-associated CDI (CA-CDI) and community-onset health care facility-associated CDI (CO-HCFA-CDI)] and health care facility-onset CDI (HCFO-CDI)...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089099/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-invasive-fungal-infections-in-pediatric-acute-myeloid-leukemia-patients-in-a-medical-center-in-taiwan
#11
Gu-Lung Lin, Hsiu-Hao Chang, Chun-Yi Lu, Chung-Ming Chen, Meng-Yao Lu, Ping-Ing Lee, Shiann-Tarng Jou, Yung-Li Yang, Li-Min Huang, Luan-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) causes significant morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological malignancies, especially those with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), recurrent acute leukemia, high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of IFIs in pediatric AML patients in a medical center in Taiwan. METHODS: We performed retrospective chart reviews...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089098/toward-a-collaborative-model-of-pandemic-preparedness-and-response-taiwan-s-changing-approach-to-pandemics
#12
REVIEW
Jonathan Schwartz, Muh-Yong Yen
BACKGROUND: Over time, as newly emerging infectious diseases have become increasingly common and more easily spread, it has become clear that traditional response mechanisms have proven inadequate to the task of prevention and control. PURPOSE: To explore whether enhanced cooperation with local government and community institutions can effectively supplement traditional state-centric public health epidemic responses. METHODS: Drawing on Taiwan as a case study, we assess the role of the whole-of-society approach to epidemic response as arises from the collaborative governance literature...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089043/contrasting-microsatellite-diversity-in-the-evolutionary-lineages-of-phytophthora-lateralis
#13
AnnaMaria Vettraino, Clive M Brasier, Joan F Webber, Everett M Hansen, Sarah Green, Cecile Robin, Alessia Tomassini, Natalia Bruni, Andrea Vannini
Following recent discovery of Phytophthora lateralis on native Chamaecyparis obtusa in Taiwan, four phenotypically distinct lineages were discriminated: the Taiwan J (TWJ) and Taiwan K (TWK) in Taiwan, the Pacific Northwest (PNW) in North America and Europe and the UK in west Scotland. Across the four lineages, we analysed 88 isolates from multiple sites for microsatellite diversity. Twenty-one multilocus genotypes (MLGs) were resolved with high levels of diversity of the TWK and PNW lineages. No alleles were shared between the PNW and the Taiwanese lineages...
February 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088773/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-dialysis-patients-a-10-year-national-cohort-study
#14
Hung-Jui Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Wen-Ing Tsay, Shwu-Huey Her, Cheng-Heng Lin, Chih-Chiang Chien
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis and whether the dialysis modality [hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD)] confers a higher risk for AP as well as complications or mortality related to AP. METHODS: We analyzed national health insurance claims data of 67 078 ESRD patients initiating dialysis between 1999 and 2007 in Taiwan...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088716/unveiling-the-transformation-and-bioavailability-of-dissolved-organic-matter-in-contrasting-hydrothermal-vents-using-fluorescence-eem-parafac
#15
Liyang Yang, Wan-E Zhuang, Chen-Tung Arthur Chen, Bing-Jye Wang, Fu-Wen Kuo
The submarine hydrothermal systems are extreme environments where active cycling of dissolved organic matter (DOM) may occur. However, little is known about the optical properties and bioavailability of hydrothermal DOM, which could provide valuable insights into its transformation processes and biogeochemical reactivity. The quantity, quality, and bioavailability of DOM were investigated for four very different hydrothermal vents east of Taiwan, using dissolved organic carbon (DOC), absorption spectroscopy, and fluorescence excitation-emission matrices-parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC)...
January 3, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088273/a-real-world-impact-of-cost-effectiveness-of-pegylated-interferon-ribavarin-regimens-on-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-in-taiwan
#16
Pei-Chien Tsai, Ta-Wei Liu, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh, Ming-Lun Yeh, Po-Cheng Liang, Yi-Hung Lin, Ching-I Huang, Chung-Feng Huang, Ming-Yen Hsieh, Nai-Jen Hou, Zu-Yau Lin, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Jee-Fu Huang, Chia-Yen Dai, Wan-Long Chuang, Ming-Lung Yu
Treatments with pegylated interferon/ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) has been standard-of-care in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) (CHC) infection and reimbursed in Taiwan. However, the actual cost-effectiveness remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate a real-world cost-effectiveness for CHC patients treated with PEG-IFN/RBV by using a clinical cohort with linkage to the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. The total and itemized medical-care expenses of outpatient visits of 117 treatment-naïve CHC patients with linkage to the two million sampling of the National Health Insurance Research Database were collected...
January 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088088/prevalence-of-new-psychoactive-substances-in-northeast-asia-from-2007-to-2015
#17
Junhui Lee, Songhee Yang, Yujin Kang, Eunyoung Han, Ling-Yi Feng, Jih-Heng Li, Heesun Chung
The proliferation of new psychoactive substances (NPS) has been a global trend in drug abuse and its regulation has been a worldwide concern. There is no doubt that it is necessary to share information related to these emerging substances between countries and continents for the effective regulation of NPS. With efforts for the efficient regulation of NPS, many studies and information have been published for the prevalence of NPS in the United States and other countries in Europe and Oceania. However, there is lack of information available for the prevalence of NPS in Asian and African countries...
October 20, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087975/screening-and-treating-helicobacter-pylori-infection-for-gastric-cancer-prevention-on-the-population-level
#18
REVIEW
Yi-Chia Lee, Jaw-Town Lin
Helicobacter pylori infection is the major cause of gastric cancer, and removal of H. pylori infection from a population could theoretically decrease the number of cases by about 89%. However, in real-life settings, few studies have reported the effect of screening and treating this pathogen in population-based programs. This is mainly because of the lack of an adequate infrastructure for delivery of systematic screening services to asymptomatic individuals, the lack of standardization to ensure that each subject receives the correct diagnostic testing and antibiotic treatment, and limited resources...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087547/risk-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-isolated-minor-rib-fractures-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Sai-Wai Ho, Ying-Hock Teng, Shun-Fa Yang, Han-Wei Yeh, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ming-Chih Chou, Chao-Bin Yeh
OBJECTIVES: Isolated minor rib fractures (IMRFs) after blunt chest traumas are commonly observed in emergency departments. However, the relationship between IMRFs and subsequent pneumonia remains controversial. This nationwide cohort study investigated the association between IMRFs and the risk of pneumonia in patients with blunt chest traumas. DESIGN: Nationwide population-based cohort study. SETTING: Patients with IMRFs were identified between 2010 and 2011 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087317/acute-otitis-media-caused-by-streptococcus-pneumoniae-serotype-19a-st320-clone-epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics
#20
Hsin Chi, Nan-Chang Chiu, Fu-Yuan Huang, Chyong-Hsin Hsu, Kuo-Sheng Lee, Li-Min Huang, Yu-Chia Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A ST320, a highly multiresistant and virulent clone, has emerged as a common pathogen causing acute otitis media (AOM) in children. METHODS: Patients aged 0-18 years with AOM who presented at Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan were prospectively enrolled between December 1, 2009, and November 30, 2012. For each patient, a specimen of middle-ear fluid was obtained and cultured. S. pneumoniae isolates were tested by serotyping, antibiotic-resistance profiling, and multilocus sequence typing...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
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