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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528496/artificial-insemination-of-holstein-heifers-with-sex-sorted-semen-during-the-hot-season-in-a-subtropical-region
#1
Lian-Ben Chang, Chih-Jen Chou, Jia-Shian Shiu, Po-An Tu, Shi-Xuan Gao, Shao-Yu Peng, Shinn-Chih Wu
Our aim was to investigate insemination techniques in order to improve pregnancy rates of artificial insemination (AI) using sex-sorted semen (sexed AI) in cattle in tropical and subtropical (T/ST) regions. In T/ST regions, the pregnancy rates by sexed AI are reportedly the lowest in the hottest months of the year, with less than 15% in cows and 35-40% in heifers (PMID 24048822). We compared sexed AI by depositing the semen into the uterine body (UB-AI, n = 12) versus the unilateral uterine horn (UUH-AI, n = 14) of pre-ovulation heifers...
May 20, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528337/association-between-chronic-kidney-disease-and-risk-of-cataract-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Yin-Tzu Liu, Tzu-Yao Hung, Yi-Kung Lee, Ming-Yuan Huang, Chen-Yang Hsu, Yung-Cheng Su
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have established a relationship between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cataract, but the relationship between the severity of renal impairment and risk of cataract is uncertain. This study investigates the relationship between the severity of renal disease and cataract in a nationwide sample from Taiwan. METHODS: The cohort from 1-million National Health Insurance beneficiaries from Taiwan was retrospectively analyzed. All adult beneficiaries were followed from January 1, 2005 until December 31, 2013, to identify patients who underwent cataract surgeries...
May 20, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528281/risk-of-stroke-among-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#3
Mu-Hong Chen, Ju-Wei Hsu, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Kai-Lin Huang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) had a higher prevalence of stroke-related risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. But, the association between BPD and subsequent stroke has been rarely investigated. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5969 borderline patients aged 18 years and older and 23,876 age-and sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009, and followed up to the end of 2011 to identify the development of stroke...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528139/occurrence-of-old-age-japanese-encephalitis-current-situation-in-taiwan
#4
Ying-Hui Wu, Jer-Min Chen, Chen-Yi Su
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527649/antimicrobial-activity-of-fidaxomicin-against-clostridium-difficile-clinical-isolates-in-aichi-area-in-japan
#5
Yuka Yamagishi, Naoya Nishiyama, Yusuke Koizumi, Yoko Matsukawa, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Mao Hagihara, Kiyomitsu Katsumata, Hiroshige Mikamo
We evaluated the susceptibility of 100 Japanese Clostridium difficile isolates to fidaxomicin, a new macrocyclic antibiotic. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) range of fidaxomicin was 0.03-0.5 μg/mL, with a MIC for inhibition of 50% (MIC50) of 0.12 μg/mL, and for inhibition of 90% (MIC90) of 0.25 μg/mL. We also evaluated the susceptibilities of the same 100 C. difficile isolates to vancomycin, metronidazole, moxifloxacin, clindamycin, meropenem, and ampicillin. Of all the antibiotics tested, fidaxomicin showed the most potent antimicrobial activity against this group of C...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527648/a-case-of-amebiasis-with-negative-serologic-markers-that-caused-intra-abdominal-abscess
#6
Rie Tanaka, Norihiro Furusyo, Rinne Takeda, Sho Yamasaki, Akira Kusaga, Eiichi Ogawa, Masayuki Murata, Ryota Nakanishi, Yoshihiko Maehara
A 23-year-old Japanese woman presented with abdominal distention following fever, diarrhea, and abdominal pain during a stay in Taiwan. Serology for the detection of amebic-antibodies and stool microscopic examination were both negative. A computed tomography scan showed a 13 cm diameter abscess spreading from the lower abdominal wall to the pelvic retroperitoneal space. Needle aspiration of the abscess was done under computed tomography guidance, and microscopy of the aspirated fluid revealed trophozoites of Entamoeba...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526284/low-bone-mineral-density-may-be-associated-with-long-term-risk-of-cancer-in-the-middle-aged-population-a-retrospective-observational-study-from-a-single-center
#7
Hsin-Fu Lee, Chiao-En Wu, Yu-Sheng Lin, Jaw-Shan Hwang, Chu-Hua Wu, Pao-Hsien Chu
BACKGROUND: It is generally understood that cancer patients are at an increased risk for osteoporosis. Additionally, recent studies have suggested a shared pathophysiological mechanism between the development of cancer and osteoporosis. The purpose of this investigation was to investigate whether low bone mineral density is associated with cancer risk. METHODS: We enrolled 8780 subjects who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and cancer screening from January 1, 2008-December 31, 2012 from a cohort selected from Chang Gung Health Care Center in Taiwan...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526230/shared-decision-making-in-taiwan
#8
Hsun-Hsiang Liao, Huey-Wen Liang, Hou-Chaung Chen, Ching-I Chang, Pa-Chun Wang, Chung-Liang Shih
The paper aims to introduce the current status of shared decision making (SDM) in Taiwan under its mixed health care system and single-payer health insurance system. With experiences in promoting both evidence based medicine and patient safety, the Joint Commission of Taiwan has implemented a nationwide SDM program under the aegis of the Ministry of Health and Welfare since 2016, incorporating multiple approaches such as developing patient decision aids (PDAs), executing the Medical Decision Aids Campaign, establishing a SDM platform, and integrating SDM in clinical practice...
May 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525619/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-invasive-mould-infections-a-multicenter-retrospective-analysis-in-five-asian-countries
#9
R Porpon, Y C Chen, A Chakrabarti, R Y Li, R M Shivaprakash, J Yu, H C Kung, S Watcharananan, A L Tan, S E Saffari, B H Tan
Formal, large-scale, multicenter studies of invasive mould infection (IMI) in Asia are rare. This 1-year, retrospective study was designed to assess the incidence and clinical determinants of IMI in centers in five countries (Thailand, Taiwan, Singapore, China, India). Patients treated in a single year (2012) were identified through discharge diagnoses, microbiology, and histopathology logs, and entered based on published definitions of IMI. A total of 155 cases were included (median age 54 years; 47.7% male)...
May 19, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522912/recent-upper-gastrointestinal-panendoscopy-increases-the-risk-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#10
Ming-Jen Tsai, Chin-Li Lu, Ying C Huang, Chung Hsien Liu, Wan-Ting Huang, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen
AIM: To investigate the association between a recent gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and the subsequent risk of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). METHODS: We designed a nested case control study. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 2135 patients with a first diagnosis of PLA were identified from 1998 to 2011. Another 10675 patients without PLA matched by age and sex were selected as reference controls. We identified and compared the possible risk factors for PLA and GI endoscopies performed before the index date (when PLA was diagnosed) between the two cohorts...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521730/perceptions-of-problem-drinker-patients-family-members-about-their-own-hazardous-drinking-behaviours-in-chinese-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#11
Chen-Chun Lin, Yun-Fang Tsai, Wen-Ling Yeh, Jung-Ta Kao, Ching-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use has been associated with health, social and legal problems. Alcohol-related problems have been studied primarily in problem-drinker patients, with few studies on their family members, particularly about their own hazardous or harmful alcohol-drinking behaviours. METHOD: In this qualitative descriptive study, participants were recruited from three hospitals randomly selected from northern and central Taiwan (2:1). Hazardous-drinker patients and their family members were screened using the Chinese version Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (scores ≥8 indicate harmful or hazardous drinkers)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520740/ascertaining-the-impact-of-catastrophic-events-on-dengue-outbreak-the-2014-gas-explosions-in-kaohsiung-taiwan
#12
Ying-Hen Hsieh
Infectious disease outbreaks often occur in the aftermath of catastrophic events, either natural or man-made. While natural disasters such as typhoons/hurricanes, flooding and earthquakes have been known to increase the risk of infectious disease outbreak, the impact of anthropogenic disasters is less well-understood. Kaohsiung City is located in southern Taiwan, where most dengue outbreaks had occurred in the past two decades. It is also the center of petrochemical industry in Taiwan with pipelines running underneath city streets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520614/incidence-of-neurological-disorders-among-hiv-infected-individuals-with-universal-health-care-in-taiwan-2000-through-2010
#13
Yi-Tseng Tsai, Yen-Chin Chen, Chen-Yang Hsieh, Wen-Chien Ko, Nai-Ying Ko
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of and factors associated with neurological disorders in a large Taiwanese cohort of HIV-infected persons with free access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). DESIGN: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted using the National Health Insurance Research Database for the years 2000-2010. METHODS: We identified 13,316 HIV-positive persons from 2000 through 2010. We used direct standardization to calculate age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates based on the 2000 World Health Organization world standard population...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515692/wu-tou-decoction-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-integrating-network-pharmacology-and-in-vivo-pharmacological-evaluation
#14
Qingqing Guo, Kang Zheng, Danping Fan, Yukun Zhao, Li Li, Yanqin Bian, Xuemei Qiu, Xue Liu, Ge Zhang, Chaoying Ma, Xiaojuan He, Aiping Lu
Purpose: This study aimed to explore underlying action mechanism of Wu-Tou decoction (WTD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) through network pharmacology prediction and experimental verification. Methods: Chemical compounds and human target proteins of WTD as well as RA-related human genes were obtained from TCM Database @ Taiwan, PubChem and GenBank, respectively. Subsequently, molecular networks and canonical pathways presumably involved in the treatment of WTD on RA were generated by ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) software...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515189/10-year-trends-in-statin-utilization-in-taiwan-a-retrospective-study-using-taiwan-s-national-health-insurance-research-database
#15
Hsing-Chun Hsieh, Jason C Hsu, Christine Y Lu
OBJECTIVE: Statins have been commonly used to treat patients with hypercholesterolaemia and to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide. This study examined trends in use of statins in Taiwan from 2002 to 2011. DESIGN: This is a retrospective observational study focusing on the utilisation of statins. SETTING: The monthly claims data for statins between 2002 and 2011 were retrieved from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514729/meglitinides-increase-the-risk-of-hypoglycemia-in-diabetic-patients-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Pei-Chen Wu, Vin-Cent Wu, Cheng-Jui Lin, Chi-Feng Pan, Chih-Yang Chen, Tao-Min Huang, Che-Hsiung Wu, Likwang Chen, Chih-Jen Wu
The safety of short-acting meglitinides in diabetic patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been widely reported.Diabetic patients with advanced CKD who had a serum creatinine level of > 6 mg/dL a hematocrit level of ≦ 28% and received erythropoiesis-stimulating agent treatment between 2000 and 2010, were included in this nationwide study in Taiwan.The outcomes of interest were defined as hypoglycemia and long-term mortality. The risks of hypoglycemia and death were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models, with end-stage renal disease and anti-diabetic drugs as time-dependent variables...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514148/hirsutane-type-sesquiterpenes-with-inhibitory-activity-of-microglial-nitric-oxide-production-from-the-red-alga-derived-fungus-chondrostereum-sp-ntou4196
#17
George Hsiao, Wei-Chiung Chi, Ka-Lai Pang, Jih-Jung Chen, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Yu-Kai Wang, Hyo-Jung Cha, Shen-Chieh Chou, Tzong-Huei Lee
The marine red alga Pterocladiella capillacea is an economic alga for the food industry in Taiwan, and its associated highly diversified fungi have not been investigated meticulously thus far. The EtOAc extract of the fermented broth of Chondrostereum sp. NTOU4196, a fungal strain isolated from P. capillacea, was found to exhibit significant nitric oxide (NO) production inhibitory activity in lipopolysaccharide-activated murine RAW 264.7 cells at a concentration of 100 μg/mL in the preliminary screening. Therefore, separation of the active principles from the fermented broths was performed, and that has led to the isolation of eight new 5,5,5-tricyclic hirsutane-type sesquiterpenes, namely, chondroterpenes A-H (1-8), together with seven known analogues...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511974/risk-factor-analysis-for-meralgia-paresthetica-a-hospital-based-study-in-taiwan
#18
Wei-Chieh Weng, Yi-Chia Wei, Wen-Yi Huang, Yu-Yi Chien, Tsung-I Peng, Chia-Lun Wu
Recognizing the cause is essential for the management of meralgia paresthetica (MP), also known as lateral femoral cutaneous neuropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the etiologies of MP and their influence on each other. This retrospective study enrolled referral patients with electromyographic studies who fulfilled the clinical and electrodiagnostic criteria of MP from January 2003 to December 2013. Data including age, gender, body weight, body height, occupation, and relevant medical history were collected...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511836/corrigendum-to-morbidity-and-mortality-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-taiwan-changes-in-15-years-a-population-based-study-j-formos-med-assoc-115-2016-1039-1045
#19
Yi-Yu Su, Shih-Hsin Wang, Hung-Chieh Chou, Chien-Yi Chen, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Po-Nien Tsao, Kuo-Inn Tsou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511141/the-co-occurrence-of-depressive-symptoms-and-cognitive-impairment-and-its-relationship-with-self-care-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-diabetes
#20
Chia-Lin Li, Yi-Chen Chiu, Yuh-Bin Bai, Jen-Der Lin, Fiona Stanaway, Hsing-Yi Chang
AIMS: The aims of the present study were to investigate the co-occurrence of depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment in community dwelling older adults with diabetes and its relationship with specific diabetes self-care behaviors. METHODS: We analyzed data from two national samples of older adults (65years or older) with self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes (N=1034), who participated in the 2005 or 2009 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to assess cognitive function...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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