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Gretchen D Oliver, Hillary Plummer, Allison Brambeck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Range of motion deficits at the hip and glenohumeral joint (GHJ) may contribute to the incidence of injury in softball players. With injury in softball players on the rise, softball related studies in the literature are important. The purpose of this study was to examine hip and GHJ passive range of motion (PROM) patterns in collegiate softball players. HYPOTHESIS: It was hypothesized that the position players would exhibit significantly different PROM patterns than pitchers...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Talayesa Buntinx-Krieg, Jeffrey Greenwald
We report a case of a 39-year-old healthy male presenting with an eruption consisting of evenly spaced, well-circumscribed, round, petechial macules over a discrete region on his back. A detailed history revealed that the man participated in a high-intensity combination workout routine and post-exercise massage. He reported using a regulation-sized dimpled softball in order to massage the musculature of his back. A diagnosis of traumatic petechiae was established. A growing fitness culture encouraging high-intensity training and post-exercise massage coupled with the high costs of professional masseuse services has led to the increased use of self-massage techniques using both traditional and non-traditional massage equipment...
September 12, 2016: Curēus
Bradley L Young, Shawna L Watson, Richard D Meyer, Brent A Ponce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Amy M West, Donna M Scarborough, Kelly C McInnis, Luke S Oh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Aaron Lear, Niraj Patel
The windmill softball pitch generates considerable forces about the athlete's shoulder and elbow. The injury pattern of softball pitchers seems to be primarily overuse injury, and they seem not to suffer the same volume of injury that baseball pitchers do. This article will explore softball pitching techniques, kinetics and kinematics of the windmill pitch, epidemiology of softball pitchers, and discuss possible etiologies of softball pitching injuries.
September 2016: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Michael B Miller, Cleverick D Johnson, Ralph A Cooley, Holly Sharp, Thomas A Servos
This survey recorded utilization levels of stock and custom mouthguards among middle and high school athletes in a US metropolitan area and gathered data on the prevalence of traumatic injuries that have occurred as a consequence of school-based athletic competition. The data also included reasons for the athletes' noncompliance. A 23-question, online survey form was developed. A geographically diverse list of public and private schools in the Houston metropolitan area was identified and included 30 public middle schools, 32 public high schools, 8 private middle schools, and 10 private high schools...
September 2016: General Dentistry
Sarah S Gascon, Jessica K Washington, Jence A Rhoads, Keith R Lohse, Gretchen D Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Toshiya Nonoyama, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Haruo Nakagaki, Shinpei Tsuge
AIM: Students often injure their teeth during participation in school-based sports clubs. This study examined the frequencies and types of dental injuries sustained at school sports clubs and compared the risk of dental injury among different sports. METHODS: Based on injury statistics from the Japan Sport Council of the junior high schools and high schools in seven prefectures during fiscal year 2006, the risk of dental injury was estimated using a rate ratio (RR) by calculating the ratio of occurrence of dental injury under various circumstances...
July 24, 2016: International Dental Journal
Mark J McElroy, Patrick M Riley, Frances A Tepolt, Adam Y Nasreddine, Mininder S Kocher
BACKGROUND: Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans is an idiopathic condition involving subchondral bone and articular cartilage in skeletally immature patients in whom the growth plates are open, potentially leading to lesion instability. Because of the differing forces experienced by baseball/softball catchers versus position players, the age at which lesions develop and the characteristics of the lesions themselves may differ between these 2 populations. The purpose of the study was to examine relative age and characteristics of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) knee lesions in catchers compared with position players...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Hiroyuki Fujioka, Tetsuo Nishikawa, Satoshi Koyama, Kenjiro Tsunemi, Takanori Oi, Yohei Takagi, Juichi Tanaka, Shinichi Yoshiya
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We present a rare case of stress fracture of the diaphysis of the ulna in a softball pitcher. CASE: A thirteen-year-old girl felt pain over the distal third of the right forearm during pitching. Stress fracture was detected as callus formation of the ulna before fracture displacement. When windmill pitching for softball, the pitcher rotates their arm around the shoulder joint and powerfully hits their forearm to their thigh, which is accompanied by simultaneous pronation of the forearm and flexion of the wrist...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
Justin S Yang, Jeffrey G Stepan, Lucas Dvoracek, Rick W Wright, Robert H Brophy, Matthew V Smith
BACKGROUND: Fast-pitch softball is one of the fastest growing sports, but there is little research regarding pitcher fatigue. Currently, there are no pitch limits or game counts. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To study the effect of fatigue on youth fast-pitch softball pitchers during a high school season, we hypothesized increased games pitched during the season would correlate with increased player-reported pain and fatigue and decreased with upper extremity strength and range of motion (ROM)...
July 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Travis Byrd, Michael Lane, Haley C Bergstrom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Spencer Jones, Wade Rankin, Kelly Evans-Rankin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Michael D Clark, Kevin Carneiro, Melissa Fraser, Jason Mihalik, Kevin Guskiewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Chelsey R Gegg, Kurt W McDowell, Kylie A Williamson, Jeremy P Loenneke, Jeremy T Barnes, Jason D Wagganer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Yaowen E Hu, Thomas Howard, Frank Pettrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ryan Woods
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Zachary Y Kerr, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Sara L Dalton, Steven P Broglio, Stephen W Marshall, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT:   Injury rates compare the relative frequency of sport-related concussions across groups. However, they may not be intuitive to policy makers, parents, or coaches in understanding the likelihood of concussion. OBJECTIVE:   To describe 4 measures of incidence (athlete-based rate, athlete-based risk, team-based rate, and team-based risk) during the 2011-2012 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Stacey M Cornelson, William Hogarth, Daniel L Ault, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe osteoarthritis and internal derangement of the shoulder in a collegiate softball player. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 25-year-old female softball athlete presented with a history of chronic right shoulder pain. A thorough clinical examination and multiple imaging studies were performed. Osteoarthritis was demonstrated on radiographs, and ligamentous and rotator cuff tendon tears were displayed on magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Howard N Zelaznik, Laura A Forney
Proponents of the action-specific account of perception and action posit that participants perceive their environment relative to their capabilities. For example, softball players who batted well judge the ball as being larger compared to players who did not hit as well. In the present study, we examined this issue in the context of a well-known speed-accuracy movement task that can be examined in the laboratory, repetitive Fitts aiming. In the Fitts task, a performer moved as quickly and as accurately as possible between two targets, D units of distance apart (between 2...
August 2016: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
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