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Metha Chanda, Ratchakrit Srikuea, Worakij Cherdchutam, Arthit Chairoungdua, Pawinee Piyachaturawat
BACKGROUND: The match play patterns in equestrian polo are unique and require specific training programs to ensure sport performance. The effect of commonly used exercise training regimens on the adaptation of skeletal muscle is unclear. The present study investigated the modulating effects of the classic training regimen, comprised of aerobic exercise training with increasing exercise intensities and varying duration combined with match play, on the properties of muscle in polo ponies...
November 4, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Christopher B Riley, Belinda R Noble, Janis Bridges, Susan J Hazel, Kirrilly Thompson
Equine transportation research has largely focused on the commercial land movement of horses. Data on the incidence and factors associated with horse injuries during non-commercial transportation (privately owned horse trucks and trailers) is scant. This study surveyed 223 drivers transporting horses to 12 equestrian events in southeastern Australia. Data collected encompassed driver demographics, travel practice, vehicle characteristics, and incidents involving horse injury. Approximately 25% (55/223) of participants reported that their horses were injured during transportation...
October 25, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
R Karkouche, C Bernigaud, J Fontugne, O Zehou, G Bellaud, M N'Diaye, K Cherif, P Wolkenstein, O Chosidow, N Ortonne, S Ingen-Housz-Oro
BACKGROUND: Equestrian cold panniculitis has been described since 1980 in horse riders or in stable employees. Histological aspect is underdescribed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We describe clinical and histological features of six horse riding or stable employees patients presenting with upper lateral thigh lesions during the winter months between 2014 and 2016 in our dermatological department. RESULTS: Six horse riding or stable employees ladies without any known disease presented with similar symptoms...
September 16, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Andrés García-Gómez, Marta Rodríguez-Jiménez, Eloísa Guerrero-Barona, Jesús Carlos Rubio-Jiménez, Inés García-Peña, Juan Manuel Moreno-Manso
BACKGROUND: Equestrian therapy has been shown to be a useful instrument in the sphere of the emotional wellbeing and mental health of different population groups. AIMS: To empirically determine the effects of a program of equestrian therapy on quality of life and various psychosocial variables of a group of 14 pupils diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), aged from 7 to 14 years. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A quasi-experimental design, with a pre-test and a post-test, was implemented with an experimental group and a control group...
September 7, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Egil Andreas Joor Fischer, Evelyn Pamela Martínez López, Clazien J De Vos, Céline Faverjon
Equine encephalosis is a midge-borne viral disease of equines caused by equine encephalosis virus (EEV, Orbivirus, Reoviridae), and closely related to African horse sickness virus (AHSV). EEV and AHSV share common vectors and show similar transmission patterns. Until now EEV has caused outbreaks in Africa and Israel. This study aimed to provide insight in the probability of an EEV outbreak in The Netherlands caused by infected vectors or hosts, the contribution of potential source areas (risk regions) to this probability, and the effectiveness of preventive measures (sanitary regimes)...
September 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Benjamin Creton, Patrick Pageat, Myriam Robejean, Céline Lafont-Lecuelle, Alessandro Cozzi
Hematophagous insects can be vectors of pathogens and cause significant economic loss in zootechnical production. Among biting insects, many dipteran species feed on horse blood. The black fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) group, is responsible for several disorders in horses and inflicts painful bites that lead to undesirable behaviours in horses, particularly when bites occur in sensitive areas such as the inner ear. A field study was conducted in a French equestrian center during which a semiochemical was applied on horses' ears to assess repellent efficacy against simulid infestation...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
V Bachmann, B von Salis, A Fürst
The goal of this study was to describe the development of equine drug testing in horses in Switzerland. This was achieved through evaluation of a film made by the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Basel entitled 'Doping von Rennpferden' [Doping of Race Horses], toxicological detection, 1962', the analysis of doping test results of the Swiss Equestrian Federation and by interviewing individuals of various professions who were involved in equine drug testing at the time. The study compares early and modern methods of drug testing and highlights the changes in the attitude of equestrian athletes, horse owners and the general public toward doping in equestrian sports...
April 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
P Mayser, W Handrick, P Nenoff
Because of high exposure (e. g. swimmers and athletes competing on mats) and disposition (e. g. microtraumata of the skin in runners) athletes are prone to a higher risk for mycotic infections by dermatophytes. In disciplines with close contact during competition-especially wrestlers and judoists-infections by the anthropophilic Trichophyton (T.) tonsurans are most important (tinea gladiatorum). These infections are highly contagious and often cause small epidemics especially if the primary source of infection is not promptly recognized...
September 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Eva J Kubosch, Jurgen Kosel, Kathrin Steffen, Lukas Konstantinidis, David Kubosch, Norbert P Sudkamp, Anja Hirschmuller
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints are frequently diagnosed in Paralympic athletes. Despite the increased professionalism in Paralympic Sports, the documentation of injuries and other health complaints during high-level competition is sparse. With respect to the upcoming Paralympic Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, the aim of this study was the analysis of all musculoskeletal complaints within the German Paralympic Athletes during the London 2012 Paralympic Games. METHODS: All musculoskeletal complaints (MSC) of the 150 German athletes seeking medical attention, hereby defined as "injury", were recorded during the in-competition period of the London Paralympics Games (22 days), regardless of their severity and consequences...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Michaela M Keener, Charles J Fountaine, John R Keener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ha Son Nguyen, Sean Lew
BACKGROUND: Equestrian activities can be undertaken for competition or leisure. Accidents can lead to bodily injuries. In particular, traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be devastating. Limited data exist regarding the pediatric population with respect to patterns of injury and related neurosurgical intervention. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data for all pediatric patients diagnosed with equestrian-related injuries with neurological injuries from 2005 through June 2015...
2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Kathleen E Bachynski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Mohamed Younes, Céline Robert, Eric Barrey, François Cottin
Although cardiac recovery is an important criterion for ranking horses in endurance competitions, heart rate variability (HRV) has hardly ever been studied in the context of this equestrian discipline. In the present study, we sought to determine whether HRV is affected by parameters such as age, exercise duration and test site. Accordingly, HRV might be used to select endurance horses with the fastest cardiac recovery. The main objective of the present study was to determine the effects of age, exercise duration, and test site on HRV variables at rest and during exercise and recovery in young Arabian endurance horses...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Meredith Chapman, Kirrilly Thompson
It has been suggested that one in five riders will be injured due to a fall from a horse, resulting in severe head or torso injuries. Attempts to reduce injury have primarily focussed on low level risk controls, such as helmets. In comparison, risk mitigation in high risk workplaces and sports is directed at more effective and preventative controls like training, consultation, safe work procedures, fit for purpose equipment and regular Workplace Health and Safety (WHS) monitoring. However, there has been no systematic consideration of the risk-reduction benefits of applying a WHS framework to reducing horse-related risks in workplaces, let alone competition or leisure contexts...
2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
C Navas de Solis
Arrhythmias are common in equine athletes during and immediately after exercise. Many of these rhythm variations are not clinically relevant. In horses, a link between different exercising arrhythmias and poor performance or between exercising arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) is strongly suspected but not fully understood or proven. SCD during races or competitions is rare, but has catastrophic consequences for the safety of the human partner and public perceptions of welfare during equestrian sports...
July 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy
Restrictive nosebands are common in equestrian sport. This is concerning, as recent evidence suggests that very tight nosebands can cause a physiological stress response, and may compromise welfare. The objective of the current study was to investigate relationships that noseband tightness has with oral behavior and with physiological changes that indicate a stress response, such as increases in eye temperature (measured with infrared thermography) and heart rate and decreases in heart rate variability (HRV)...
2016: PloS One
Leticia Azen Alves Coutinho, Cristiana Pedrosa Melo Porto, Anna Paola Trindade Rocha Pierucci
BACKGROUND: Modern pentathlon comprises five sports: fencing, swimming, equestrian jumping, and a combined event of pistol shooting and running. Despite the expected high energy demand of this sport, there are few studies that provide support for the nutritional recommendations for pentathletes. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate young modern pentathlon athletes with respect to body composition, biochemical profile, and consumption of food and supplements. METHODS: Fifty-six young modern pentathletes aged 13...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Ethan A Winkler, John K Yue, John F Burke, Andrew K Chan, Sanjay S Dhall, Mitchel S Berger, Geoffrey T Manley, Phiroz E Tarapore
OBJECTIVE Sports-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important public health concern estimated to affect 300,000 to 3.8 million people annually in the United States. Although injuries to professional athletes dominate the media, this group represents only a small proportion of the overall population. Here, the authors characterize the demographics of sports-related TBI in adults from a community-based trauma population and identify predictors of prolonged hospitalization and increased morbidity and mortality rates...
April 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
John K Yue, Ethan A Winkler, John F Burke, Andrew K Chan, Sanjay S Dhall, Mitchel S Berger, Geoffrey T Manley, Phiroz E Tarapore
OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant public health concern estimated to result in over 500,000 emergency department (ED) visits and more than 60,000 hospitalizations in the United States annually. Sports activities are one important mechanism leading to pediatric TBI. In this study, the authors characterize the demographics of sports-related TBI in the pediatric population and identify predictors of prolonged hospitalization and of increased morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS Utilizing the National Sample Program of the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB), the authors retrospectively analyzed sports-related TBI data from children (age 0-17 years) across 5 sports categories: fall or interpersonal contact (FIC), roller sports, skiing/snowboarding, equestrian sports, and aquatic sports...
April 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
K Thompson, L Clarkson
OBJECTIVES: The extension of research into public practice is enhanced by communication and behaviour change strategies that are consistent with consumer needs and perspectives. To gain support for equine research (or to appreciate the perspectives contributing to disagreement), it is necessary to determine how aware consumers are of research, what research means to them, how they perceive its benefits (if at all) and how they engage with (or resist) it. Because of a surprising dearth of research evaluating consumer perceptions of research in any sector, our aim was to identify the perceived outputs and benefits of research from the perspective of the Australian horse owner...
April 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
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