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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064836/beware-of-the-force-of-the-horse-mechanisms-and-severity-of-equestrian-related-injuries
#1
Pieter-Jan Van Balen, Dennis G Barten, Loes Janssen, Audrey A A Fiddelers, Peter R Brink, Heinrich M J Janzing
BACKGROUND: Equestrian-related injuries (ERIs) are relatively severe compared with injuries in other popular sports. Previous studies on epidemiology of ERIs vary widely and mainly focus on incidence instead of severity of the injury. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine incidence, mechanisms and severity of ERIs in two Dutch hospitals (level 1 and level 2 trauma centers) over a 5-year period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with ERIs who visited the emergency departments of VieCuri Medical Centre in Venlo and Maastricht University Medical Centre+ in Maastricht, The Netherlands, between July 2010 and June 2015 were retrospectively included...
October 23, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031331/comparing-subjective-and-objective-evaluation-of-show-jumping-competition-and-warm-up-arena-surfaces
#2
E Hernlund, A Egenvall, S J Hobbs, M L Peterson, A J Northrop, A Bergh, J H Martin, L Roepstorff
The development of safety and quality standards for equestrian surfaces needs to be based on objective, repeatable measurements which allow comparisons between surfaces. These measurements should incorporate the assessment of surface performance by riders. This study provides data from objective and subjective assessment of functional properties of high-level show jumping competition and warm-up arenas. Twenty-five arenas in nine international show jumping events were evaluated by mechanical in-situ testing with a surface tester, rider assessments using visual analogue scales (198 riders provided 749 arena evaluations), descriptions of arena constructions and by laboratory tests of surface material...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984694/cold-induced-dermatoses-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Barbara Saenz Ibarra, Jason Meeker, Omid Jalali, Michael C Lynch
Cold panniculitis and perniosis are the most common cold-induced dermatologic disorders and are clinically characterized by indurated and erythematous nodules and plaques that develop at sites exposed to excessive cold and wet conditions. Cold panniculitis is most commonly seen in infants, but adult cases involving the thighs of equestrians are well known and have come to be known as equestrian cold panniculitis or equestrian perniosis. Recently, similar cases have been described in nonequestrian settings with the prolonged use of ice-packs or other cold-therapy devices...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801837/blunt-injuries-related-to-equestrian-sports-results-from-an-international-prospective-trauma-database-analysis
#4
Christian D Weber, Anthony R Nguyen, Rolf Lefering, Martijn Hofman, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the nature, management, and outcome of major injuries related to equestrian sports and to define the at-risk groups for serious and life-threatening injuries. METHODS: We analyzed demographic, pre-hospital, clinical, and outcome data from an international population-based prospective trauma database (TraumaRegister DGU®). Patients with major injuries (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≥9 points) related to equestrian sports activities were included (January 1, 1993, to December 31, 2012)...
October 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756389/sports-injury-and-illness-incidence-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-olympic-summer-games-a-prospective-study-of-11274-athletes-from-207-countries
#5
Torbjørn Soligard, Kathrin Steffen, Debbie Palmer, Juan Manuel Alonso, Roald Bahr, Alexandre Dias Lopes, Jiri Dvorak, Marie-Elaine Grant, Willem Meeuwisse, Margo Mountjoy, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Natalia Salmina, Richard Budgett, Lars Engebretsen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern of injuries and illnesses sustained during the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, hosted by Rio de Janeiro from 5 to 21 August 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily incidence of athlete injuries and illnesses (1) through the reporting of all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) in the polyclinic and medical venues by the Rio 2016 medical staff. RESULTS: In total, 11 274 athletes (5089 women, 45%; 6185 men, 55%) from 207 NOCs participated in the study...
September 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721124/association-between-exercise-induced-pulmonary-hemorrhage-and-inflammatory-airway-disease-in-polo-ponies
#6
Katia Moreira da Silva, Juliana Nabuco Pereira Otaka, Carlos Alexandre Paula Gonçalves, Estevão Grossi Aguiar Silva, Nayro Xavier de Alencar, Daniel Augusto Barroso Lessa
The respiratory system is essential for health and high athletic performance in horses. Respiratory diseases have been recognized as having a major impact on training equine animals and are commonly cited as the second most common cause of wasted training time. Inflammatory airway disease (IAD) is an important cause of poor performance in young racehorses. Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) is considered a major issue for the equine industry because of its high prevalence and association with reduced athletic performance...
2017: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712118/farm-injury-hospitalisations-in-new-south-wales-2010-to-2014
#7
Tony Lower, Rebecca J Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To examine gender differences in the characteristics, treatment costs and health outcomes of farm injuries resulting in hospitalisation of New South Wales (NSW) residents. METHOD: A population-based study of individuals injured on a farm and admitted to hospital using linked hospital admission and mortality records from 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 in NSW. Health outcomes, including injury severity, hospital length of stay (LOS), 28-day readmission and 30-day mortality were examined by gender...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692623/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-traumatic-brain-injury-and-usage-of-protective-headgear-during-equestrian-activities
#8
Donna S Lemoine, Bradley J Tate, Jennifer A Lacombe, Theresa C Hood
Some of the more popular sporting activities for those living in rural areas include equestrian activities such as rodeo events and horseback riding. The lack of helmet use poses a concern for those who participate in these activities due to the risk of sustaining a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and ultimately having a negative effect on their future. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a trauma center comparing the data on animal-riding patients and their use or lack of use of headgear and incidence of TBI...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637457/descriptive-and-network-analyses-of-the-equine-contact-network-at-an-equestrian-show-in-ontario-canada-and-implications-for-disease-spread
#9
Kelsey L Spence, Terri L O'Sullivan, Zvonimir Poljak, Amy L Greer
BACKGROUND: Identifying the contact structure within a population of horses attending a competition is an important element towards understanding the potential for the spread of equine pathogens as the horses subsequently travel from location to location. However, there is limited information in Ontario, Canada to quantify contact patterns of horses. The objective of this study was to describe the network of potential contacts associated with an equestrian show to determine how this network structure may influence potential disease transmission...
June 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636633/playing-with-fire-what-is-influencing-horse-owners-decisions-to-not-vaccinate-their-horses-against-deadly-hendra-virus-infection
#10
Kailiea Arianna Goyen, John David Wright, Alexandra Cunneen, Joerg Henning
Hendra virus is a zoonotic paramyxovirus, which causes severe respiratory and neurological disease in horses and humans. Since 2012, the Hendra virus sub-unit G vaccine has been available for horse vaccination in Australia. Uptake of the vaccine has been limited and spill-over events of Hendra virus infection in horses continue to occur. We conducted an online, questionnaire-based cross-sectional study of 376 horse owners belonging to a variety of different equestrian clubs in Queensland, Australia, to identify risk factors for non-vaccination against Hendra virus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627102/quantitation-of-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-in-equine-plasma-by-hydrophilic-interaction-liquid-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#11
Rong Yi, Sarah Zhao, Noel Kong, Julia Zhang, Devan Loganathan, Sandrine Mérette, Barbara Morrissey
γ-Aminobutyric acid is the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and regulates the neuronal excitability. There has been anecdotal evidence that γ-aminobutyric acid has been used within a few hours prior to competition in equine sports to calm down nervous horses. However, regulating the use of γ-aminobutyric acid is challenging because it is an endogenous substance in the horse. γ-Aminobutyric acid is usually present at low ng/mL levels in equine plasma; therefore, a sensitive method has to be developed to quantify these low background levels...
August 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608565/prevalence-of-headshaking-within-the-equine-population-in-the-united-kingdom
#12
S E Ross, V L H Roberts, J K Murray
BACKGROUND: Headshaking in horses has been reported to be most commonly due to idiopathic neuropathic facial pain (trigeminal-mediated headshaking). The prevalence of headshaking in horses in the UK is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To estimate owner-reported prevalence of headshaking in horses in the UK and to report their signalment and disease characteristics, as reported by owners. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional web based owner questionnaire. METHODS: The questionnaire was advertised online via social media, horse forums, veterinary websites and equestrian magazines from 17 June 2016, until greater than 1,000 responses had been obtained...
June 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585281/the-deep-fascia-and-retinacula-of-the-equine-forelimb-structure-and-innervation
#13
Aleksandra Skalec, Monika Egerbacher
Recent advances in human fascia research have shed new light on the role of the fascial network in movement perception and coordination, transmission of muscle force, and integrative function in body biomechanics. Evolutionary adaptations of equine musculoskeletal apparatus that assure effective terrestrial locomotion are employed in equestrianism, resulting in the wide variety of movements in performing horses, from sophisticated dressage to jumping and high-speed racing. The high importance of horse motion efficiency in the present-day equine industry indicates the significance of scientific knowledge of the structure and physiology of equine fasciae...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424132/outcomes-of-recreational-activity-associated-trauma-in-elderly-persons-on-blood-thinning-medications
#14
Zachary M DeBoard, Jonathan Grotts, Lisa Ferrigno
With increasing life expectancy, the elderly are participating in recreational activities traditionally pursued by younger persons. Elderly patients have many reasons for worse outcomes after trauma, one of which may be the rising use of anticoagulant and/or antiplatelet medications. This study aimed to determine whether preinjury use of these agents yielded worse outcomes in geriatric patients injured during high-impact recreational activities. The National Trauma Data Bank was reviewed from 2007 to 2010 for patients ≥65 years admitted to Level I or II trauma centers with ICD-9 E-codes for specific mechanisms of injury...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410674/the-use-of-nosebands-in-equitation-and-the-merits-of-an-international-equestrian-welfare-and-safety-committee-a-commentary
#15
Paul D McGreevy, Orla Doherty, Wayne Channon, Kyra Kyrklund, John Webster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382919/-doping-relevant-substances-in-horse-feed
#16
C Herholz, N Zink, H Laska, M Gumpendobler, C Trolliet, S Probst
Horse feed material of Swiss and foreign production available on the Swiss market was tested with regard to possible contamination with 7 different alkaloids, atropine and colchicine. Twenty-eight feed samples as well as 2 poppy seed samples were analyzed. Out of 28 feed samples 18 were positive for prohibited substances in Equestrian sports. The concentration of prohibited substances was in none of the samples high enough to cause an effect on the body of the horse. The poppy seed sample, which was obtained by conventional harvesting and cleaning methods, contained a very high Morphine concentration compared to the sample which was harvested by hand...
April 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380504/management-of-horses-with-focus-on-blanketing-and-clipping-practices-reported-by-members-of-the-swedish-and-norwegian-equestrian-community
#17
E Hartmann, K E Bøe, G H M Jørgensen, C M Mejdell, K Dahlborn
Limited information is available on the extent to which blankets are used on horses and the owners' reasoning behind clipping the horse's coat. Research on the effects of those practices on horse welfare is scarce but results indicate that blanketing and clipping may not be necessary from the horse's perspective and can interfere with the horse's thermoregulatory capacities. Therefore, this survey collected robust, quantitative data on the housing routines and management of horses with focus on blanketing and clipping practices as reported by members of the Swedish and Norwegian equestrian community...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365105/helmet-underutilization-by-children-during-equestrian-events-is-associated-with-increased-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Scott S Short, Stephen J Fenton, Eric R Scaife, Brian T Bucher
PURPOSE: Awareness of equestrian related injury remains limited. Studies evaluating children after equestrian injury report underutilization of safety equipment and rates of operative intervention as high as 33%. METHODS: We hypothesized that helmets are underutilized during equestrian activity and lack of use is associated with increased traumatic brain injury. We queried the trauma database of a level one pediatric trauma center for all cases of equestrian and rodeo related injury from 2005 to 2015...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194100/head-stability-and-head-trunk-coordination-in-horseback-riders-the-contribution-of-visual-information-according-to-expertise
#19
Agnès Olivier, Elise Faugloire, Laure Lejeune, Sophie Biau, Brice Isableu
Maintaining equilibrium while riding a horse is a challenging task that involves complex sensorimotor processes. We evaluated the relative contribution of visual information (static or dynamic) to horseback riders' postural stability (measured from the variability of segment position in space) and the coordination modes they adopted to regulate balance according to their level of expertise. Riders' perceptual typologies and their possible relation to postural stability were also assessed. Our main assumption was that the contribution of visual information to postural control would be reduced among expert riders in favor of vestibular and somesthetic reliance...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181109/a-retrospective-review-of-farm-injuries-presenting-to-an-irish-hospital-emergency-department-in-2013
#20
A Abdulkarim, P Carroll, P Coffey, E Sheehan
BACKGROUND: The agricultural and equestrian businesses are an important source of employment in the Midlands. This is a retrospective study examining the demographics, characteristics, and outcomes of agricultural and equestrian related injuries presenting to the Midland Regional Hospital, Tullamore, Co. Offaly. There were a total of 30,700 attendances to the Emergency Department for 2013. AIMS: This study is an epidemiological review of agricultural injuries, their mechanisms, and consequences presenting to a rural regional hospital over a 1 year period...
February 8, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
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