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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087984/challenges-in-detecting-substances-for-equine-anti-doping
#1
REVIEW
A G Fragkaki, N Kioukia-Fougia, P Kiousi, M Kioussi, M Tsivou
The artificial increase of the physical capability of horses using drugs is well-known in racing and in other equine sports. Both illicit and therapeutic substances are regarded as prohibited substances in competition in most countries. Some countries do make distinctions for a few, specific drugs which are, however, allowed for use in other countries. The primary objective in the case of doping control is the detection of any trace of drug exposure, either parent drug or any of its metabolites, using the most powerful analytical methods which generally are based on chromatographic/mass spectrometric techniques...
January 14, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054457/doping-control-analysis-of-lithium-in-horse-urine-and-plasma-by-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#2
Timmy L S Choi, Jenny K Y Wong, Emmie N M Ho, Wai Him Kwok, Gary N W Leung, Peter Curl, Terence S M Wan
Lithium salts are commonly prescribed to treat bipolar disorder in humans. They are effective for the treatment of acute mania and the prophylaxis of manic relapses through long-term use. Although there is no reported legitimate therapeutic use of lithium in horses, its potential mood stabilizing effect, low cost and being readily available make lithium salt a potential agent of abuse in equine sports, especially for equestrian competition horses. Lithium can be found in soil, plants and water, as such it is naturally present in the equine body, thus a threshold is necessary to control its misuse in horses...
January 5, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045961/noseband-use-in-equestrian-sports-an-international-study
#3
Orla Doherty, Vincent Casey, Paul McGreevy, Sean Arkins
Nosebands are used by riders to prevent the horse from opening its mouth, to increase control and, in some cases, to comply with the competition rules. While equestrian texts traditionally recommend that two adult human fingers should be able to fit under a fastened noseband, noseband tightness levels are not, in general, regulated in competition. Possible detrimental consequences for the horse, of excessively tight nosebands, include discomfort, pain or tissue damage. The current study investigated noseband usage in equestrian competition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045955/an-objective-measure-of-noseband-tightness-and-its-measurement-using-a-novel-digital-tightness-gauge
#4
Orla Doherty, Thomas Conway, Richard Conway, Gerard Murray, Vincent Casey
Noseband tightness is difficult to assess in horses participating in equestrian sports such as dressage, show jumping and three-day-eventing. There is growing concern that nosebands are commonly tightened to such an extent as to restrict normal equine behaviour and possibly cause injury. In the absence of a clear agreed definition of noseband tightness, a simple model of the equine nose-noseband interface environment was developed in order to guide further studies in this area. The normal force component of the noseband tensile force was identified as the key contributor to sub-noseband tissue compression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984833/-injuries-during-equestrian-vaulting
#5
M Endruweit, J Dargel, J Siewe, I Becker, R Sobottke
Background: Vaulting is the least studied equestrian sports regarding the occurrence of injuries. As its sequences of motion do not compare to riding, vaulting must be assessed separately. Material and Methods: This retrospective, questionnaire-aided survey was aimed to gain insight into the overall frequency of injuries among equestrian vaulters. The second part of the study looked into the knee injuries that occurred. Survey forms were sent to 60 vaulting and equestrian clubs all over Germany, making for a response rate of 63 %...
December 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933356/-injury-to-the-upper-limbs-and-prevention-in-equestrian-sports
#6
C Schröter, M Bielefeld, D Bielefeld, C Macke, C Winkelmann, P Mommsen, C Krettek, C Zeckey
The upper limb is one of the most frequently injured body regions in equestrian sports, but it is unclear which injuries are involved, and there are no data on the associated accident mechanism. The present study is aimed at evaluating the accident mechanisms, injuries of the upper limbs, and the circumstances of the accident in equestrian sports. We included 218 patients who were all treated between 2006 and 2014 at the level I trauma center at the Medical University in Hannover because of equestrian-related accidents...
December 8, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809906/modulating-effects-of-exercise-training-regimen-on-skeletal-muscle-properties-in-female-polo-ponies
#7
Metha Chanda, Ratchakrit Srikuea, Worakij Cherdchutam, Arthit Chairoungdua, Pawinee Piyachaturawat
BACKGROUND: The match play patterns in equestrian polo are unique and require specific training programs to ensure sport performance. The effect of commonly used exercise training regimens on the adaptation of skeletal muscle is unclear. The present study investigated the modulating effects of the classic training regimen, comprised of aerobic exercise training with increasing exercise intensities and varying duration combined with match play, on the properties of muscle in polo ponies...
November 4, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792128/horse-injury-during-non-commercial-transport-findings-from-researcher-assisted-intercept-surveys-at-southeastern-australian-equestrian-events
#8
Christopher B Riley, Belinda R Noble, Janis Bridges, Susan J Hazel, Kirrilly Thompson
Equine transportation research has largely focused on the commercial land movement of horses. Data on the incidence and factors associated with horse injuries during non-commercial transportation (privately owned horse trucks and trailers) is scant. This study surveyed 223 drivers transporting horses to 12 equestrian events in southeastern Australia. Data collected encompassed driver demographics, travel practice, vehicle characteristics, and incidents involving horse injury. Approximately 25% (55/223) of participants reported that their horses were injured during transportation...
October 25, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633611/cold-associated-perniosis-of-the-thighs-histopathologically-mimicking-lupus-six-observations
#9
R Karkouche, C Bernigaud, J Fontugne, O Zehou, G Bellaud, M N'Diaye, K Cherif, P Wolkenstein, O Chosidow, N Ortonne, S Ingen-Housz-Oro
BACKGROUND: Equestrian cold panniculitis has been described since 1980 in horse riders or in stable employees. Histological aspect is underdescribed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We describe clinical and histological features of six horse riding or stable employees patients presenting with upper lateral thigh lesions during the winter months between 2014 and 2016 in our dermatological department. RESULTS: Six horse riding or stable employees ladies without any known disease presented with similar symptoms...
September 16, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614276/benefits-of-an-experimental-program-of-equestrian-therapy-for-children-with-adhd
#10
Andrés García-Gómez, Marta Rodríguez-Jiménez, Eloísa Guerrero-Barona, Jesús Carlos Rubio-Jiménez, Inés García-Peña, Juan Manuel Moreno-Manso
BACKGROUND: Equestrian therapy has been shown to be a useful instrument in the sphere of the emotional wellbeing and mental health of different population groups. AIMS: To empirically determine the effects of a program of equestrian therapy on quality of life and various psychosocial variables of a group of 14 pupils diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), aged from 7 to 14 years. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A quasi-experimental design, with a pre-test and a post-test, was implemented with an experimental group and a control group...
December 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544251/quantitative-analysis-of-the-probability-of-introducing-equine-encephalosis-virus-eev-into-the-netherlands
#11
Egil Andreas Joor Fischer, Evelyn Pamela Martínez López, Clazien J De Vos, Céline Faverjon
Equine encephalosis is a midge-borne viral disease of equines caused by equine encephalosis virus (EEV, Orbivirus, Reoviridae), and closely related to African horse sickness virus (AHSV). EEV and AHSV share common vectors and show similar transmission patterns. Until now EEV has caused outbreaks in Africa and Israel. This study aimed to provide insight in the probability of an EEV outbreak in The Netherlands caused by infected vectors or hosts, the contribution of potential source areas (risk regions) to this probability, and the effectiveness of preventive measures (sanitary regimes)...
September 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523931/protection-of-horse-ears-against-simulid-parasitism-efficacy-of-a-mammal-semiochemical-solution-over-10hours
#12
Benjamin Creton, Patrick Pageat, Myriam Robejean, Céline Lafont-Lecuelle, Alessandro Cozzi
Hematophagous insects can be vectors of pathogens and cause significant economic loss in zootechnical production. Among biting insects, many dipteran species feed on horse blood. The black fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) group, is responsible for several disorders in horses and inflicts painful bites that lead to undesirable behaviours in horses, particularly when bites occur in sensitive areas such as the inner ear. A field study was conducted in a French equestrian center during which a semiochemical was applied on horses' ears to assess repellent efficacy against simulid infestation...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518445/-historical-development-of-drug-testing-in-swiss-equestrian-sports
#13
V Bachmann, B von Salis, A Fürst
The goal of this study was to describe the development of equine drug testing in horses in Switzerland. This was achieved through evaluation of a film made by the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Basel entitled 'Doping von Rennpferden' [Doping of Race Horses], toxicological detection, 1962', the analysis of doping test results of the Swiss Equestrian Federation and by interviewing individuals of various professions who were involved in equine drug testing at the time. The study compares early and modern methods of drug testing and highlights the changes in the attitude of equestrian athletes, horse owners and the general public toward doping in equestrian sports...
April 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385109/-sports-associated-dermatophytoses-an-overview
#14
REVIEW
P Mayser, W Handrick, P Nenoff
Because of high exposure (e. g. swimmers and athletes competing on mats) and disposition (e. g. microtraumata of the skin in runners) athletes are prone to a higher risk for mycotic infections by dermatophytes. In disciplines with close contact during competition-especially wrestlers and judoists-infections by the anthropophilic Trichophyton (T.) tonsurans are most important (tinea gladiatorum). These infections are highly contagious and often cause small epidemics especially if the primary source of infection is not promptly recognized...
September 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377254/upcoming-paralympic-summer-games-in-rio-what-did-the-german-medical-team-learn-from-the-london-games
#15
Eva J Kubosch, Jurgen Kosel, Kathrin Steffen, Lukas Konstantinidis, David Kubosch, Norbert P Sudkamp, Anja Hirschmuller
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints are frequently diagnosed in Paralympic athletes. Despite the increased professionalism in Paralympic Sports, the documentation of injuries and other health complaints during high-level competition is sparse. With respect to the upcoming Paralympic Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, the aim of this study was the analysis of all musculoskeletal complaints within the German Paralympic Athletes during the London 2012 Paralympic Games. METHODS: All musculoskeletal complaints (MSC) of the 150 German athletes seeking medical attention, hereby defined as "injury", were recorded during the in-competition period of the London Paralympics Games (22 days), regardless of their severity and consequences...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360336/equestrian-rider-s-cardiovascular-but-not-metabolic-response-during-walk-trot-and-canter-is-variable-1417-board-70-june-2-9-00-am-10-30-am
#16
Michaela M Keener, Charles J Fountaine, John R Keener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322378/equestrian-related-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-pediatric-population
#17
Ha Son Nguyen, Sean Lew
BACKGROUND: Equestrian activities can be undertaken for competition or leisure. Accidents can lead to bodily injuries. In particular, traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be devastating. Limited data exist regarding the pediatric population with respect to patterns of injury and related neurosurgical intervention. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data for all pediatric patients diagnosed with equestrian-related injuries with neurological injuries from 2005 through June 2015...
2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27223161/physicians-and-youth-tackle-football
#18
LETTER
Kathleen E Bachynski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199770/effects-of-age-exercise-duration-and-test-conditions-on-heart-rate-variability-in-young-endurance-horses
#19
Mohamed Younes, Céline Robert, Eric Barrey, François Cottin
Although cardiac recovery is an important criterion for ranking horses in endurance competitions, heart rate variability (HRV) has hardly ever been studied in the context of this equestrian discipline. In the present study, we sought to determine whether HRV is affected by parameters such as age, exercise duration and test site. Accordingly, HRV might be used to select endurance horses with the fastest cardiac recovery. The main objective of the present study was to determine the effects of age, exercise duration, and test site on HRV variables at rest and during exercise and recovery in young Arabian endurance horses...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164148/preventing-and-investigating-horse-related-human-injury-and-fatality-in-work-and-non-work-equestrian-environments-a-consideration-of-the-workplace-health-and-safety-framework
#20
Meredith Chapman, Kirrilly Thompson
It has been suggested that one in five riders will be injured due to a fall from a horse, resulting in severe head or torso injuries. Attempts to reduce injury have primarily focussed on low level risk controls, such as helmets. In comparison, risk mitigation in high risk workplaces and sports is directed at more effective and preventative controls like training, consultation, safe work procedures, fit for purpose equipment and regular Workplace Health and Safety (WHS) monitoring. However, there has been no systematic consideration of the risk-reduction benefits of applying a WHS framework to reducing horse-related risks in workplaces, let alone competition or leisure contexts...
2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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