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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433073/neurocognitive-function-in-clinically-stable-individuals-with-long-term-bipolar-i-disorder-comparisons-with-schizophrenia-patients-and-controls
#1
Pei-Yun Lin, Peng-Wei Wang, Cheng-Sheng Chen, Cheng-Fang Yen
This study compared the levels of the five domains of neurocognitive function-executive function, attention, memory, verbal comprehension, and perceptual organization-among clinically stable individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder, individuals with long-term schizophrenia, and a group of controls. We recruited a total of 93 clinically stable individuals with bipolar I disorder, 94 individuals with schizophrenia, and 106 controls in this study. Their neurocognitive function was measured using a series of neurocognitive function tests: the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III), Line Cancellation Test, Visual Form Discrimination, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Continuous Performance Task, and Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition...
May 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426779/reference-standards-for-lean-mass-measures-using-ge-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-caucasian-adults
#2
Mary T Imboden, Ann M Swartz, Holmes W Finch, Matthew P Harber, Leonard A Kaminsky
OBJECTIVE: To develop reference values by age and sex for LM measures using GE-Healthcare DXA systems. METHODS: A de-identified sample was obtained from Ball State University's Clinical Exercise Physiology Laboratory and University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee's Physical Activity & Health Research Laboratory. DXA scans of 2,076 women and 1,251 men were completed using a GE Lunar Prodigy or iDXA. Percentiles (%ile) were calculated for all variables of interest (LM, LMI, %LM, and ALMI) and a factorial ANOVA was used to assess differences for each variable between 10-year age groups and sex, as well as the interaction between age and sex...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422829/impact-of-pain-on-cognitive-functions-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-with-small-fiber-neuropathy-10-cases-and-a-literature-review
#3
Sandrine Indart, Jacques Hugon, Pierre Jean Guillausseau, Alice Gilbert, Julien Dumurgier, Claire Paquet, Damien Sène
Primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by xerophthalmia, xerostomia, and potential peripheral or central neurological involvement. In pSS, the prevalence of cognitive disorders is generally sparse across literature and the impact of pain on cognitive profile is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between pain, cognitive complaint, and impairment in a very homogenous population of 10 pSS patients with painful small fiber neuropathy (PSFN) and spontaneous cognitive complaint...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419700/pregnancy-ambivalence-and-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-larc-use-among-young-adult-women-a-qualitative-study
#4
Jenny A Higgins
CONTEXT: Many young adults are unclear about how much they want to have, or prevent having, a baby. However, pregnancy ambivalence is an underexamined factor in the uptake of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods-IUDs and implants-the most effective methods available. METHODS: In 2014, investigators conducted six focus groups and 12 interviews with 50 women aged 18-29 in Dane County, Wisconsin; participants were either university students or community residents receiving public assistance...
April 17, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416898/siga-response-and-incidence-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-during-intensified-training-in-youth-basketball-players
#5
H Moraes, M S Aoki, C G Freitas, Afs Arruda, G Drago, A Moreira
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of an intensified training phase followed by a tapering phase on the salivary immunoglobulin A concentration and on the upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) symptoms in young male basketball players. The session rating of perceived exertion method was used to quantify the internal training load, and the Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey-21 questionnaire was used to assess URTI symptoms. The Yo-Yo IR1 test and saliva collection were carried out at the beginning of the study (T1), after the intensified phase (T2), and after tapering (T3)...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402195/the-oral-health-needs-of-wisconsin-farmers-and-the-need-for-patient-activation-a-pilot-study
#6
Kelly Schroeder, JoAnn Gurenlian, Karen Portillo
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the level of oral health need of Wisconsin farmers based on sociodemographic variables, perceived oral health, and actual oral health, and evaluate the effectiveness of a dental hygiene patient activation intervention. METHODS: Oral health screenings were administered by calibrated dental hygienists to 60 Wisconsin farmers attending the 2016 Wisconsin Farm Technology Days. Study participants self-administered the Oral Health Inventory Profile-14 survey and participated in an Adult Basic Screening Survey...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398464/caloric-restriction-and-healthy-life-span-frail-phenotype-of-nonhuman-primates-in-the-wisconsin-national-primate-research-center-caloric-restriction-study
#7
Yosuke Yamada, Joseph W Kemnitz, Richard Weindruch, Rozalyn M Anderson, Dale A Schoeller, Ricki J Colman
Calorie restriction without malnutrition increases longevity and delays the onset of age-associated disorders in multiple species. Recently, greater emphasis has been placed on healthy life span and preventing frailty than on longevity. Here, we show the beneficial effect of long-term calorie restriction on frailty in later life in a nonhuman primate. Frail phenotypes were evaluated using metabolic and physical activity data and defined using the Fried index. Shrinking was defined as unintentional weight loss of greater than 5% of body weight...
April 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395074/the-complex-interplay-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-race-and-income
#8
Kristen S Slack, Sarah A Font, Jennifer Jones
An extensive research base shows evidence of racial disparities in health outcomes, and a growing body of evidence points to associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and poor health. This study uses data from the 2011 and 2012 Wisconsin Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys to identify the relative contributions of ACEs, race, and adult income to predicting three sets of adverse adult health outcomes. The authors found that controlling for demographic factors, ACEs strongly predict health risk behaviors, indicators of poor general health, and chronic health conditions...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390496/kindling-of-life-stress-in-bipolar-disorder-effects-of-early-adversity
#9
Benjamin G Shapero, Rachel B Weiss, Taylor A Burke, Elaine M Boland, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Most theoretical frameworks regarding the role of life stress in bipolar disorders (BD) do not incorporate the possibility of a changing relationship between psychosocial context and episode initiation across the course of the disorder. The kindling hypothesis theorizes that over the longitudinal course of recurrent affective disorders, the relationship between major life stressors and episode initiation declines (Post, 1992). The present study aimed to test an extension of the kindling hypothesis in BD by examining the effect of early life adversity on the relationship between proximal life events and prospectively assessed mood episodes...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388669/reference-standards-for-body-fat-measures-using-ge-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-caucasian-adults
#10
Mary T Imboden, Whitney A Welch, Ann M Swartz, Alexander H K Montoye, Holmes W Finch, Matthew P Harber, Leonard A Kaminsky
BACKGROUND: Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is an established technique for the measurement of body composition. Reference values for these variables, particularly those related to fat mass, are necessary for interpretation and accurate classification of those at risk for obesity-related health complications and in need of lifestyle modifications (diet, physical activity, etc.). Currently, there are no reference values available for GE-Healthcare DXA systems and it is known that whole-body and regional fat mass measures differ by DXA manufacturer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386222/ranking-cognitive-flexibility-in-a-group-setting-of-rhesus-monkeys-with-a-set-shifting-procedure
#11
Tatiana A Shnitko, Daicia C Allen, Steven W Gonzales, Nicole A R Walter, Kathleen A Grant
Attentional set-shifting ability is an executive function underling cognitive flexibility in humans and animals. In humans, this function is typically observed during a single experimental session where dimensions of playing cards are used to measure flexibility in the face of changing rules for reinforcement (i.e., the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST)). In laboratory animals, particularly non-human primates, variants of the WCST involve extensive training and testing on a series of dimensional discriminations, usually in social isolation...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379930/from-inputs-to-impacts-assessing-and-communicating-the-full-value-of-biomedical-research
#12
Ann C Bonham, Philip M Alberti
Assessing and communicating the full value of biomedical research is essential to answer calls from the government and the public demanding accountability for the spending of public funds. In academic settings, however, research success is measured largely in terms of grant funding received or the number of peer-reviewed publications produced. These credible and time-tested metrics miss the full picture of the scientific process, which continues to confer benefits to patients, communities, and the health care system well after an article is published...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376940/self-perception-of-medical-students-knowledge-and-interest-in-disaster-medicine-nine-years-after-the-approval-of-the-curriculum-in-german-universities
#13
Robert Wunderlich, Luca Ragazzoni, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Francesco Della Corte, Jan Grundgeiger, Jens Werner Bickelmayer, Bernd Domres
BACKGROUND: Following the recommendations of the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) to develop standards for training the undergraduates in disaster-relevant fields (2004), a German curriculum was approved in 2006. This paper aims to describe the level of training and interest of medical students nine years later. Problem The aim of this study was to assess the self-perception of medical students' knowledge and interest in disaster medicine nine years after the implementation of a standardized disaster medicine curriculum in German medical schools...
April 5, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375751/write-more-articles-get-more-grants-the-impact-of-department-climate-on-faculty-research-productivity
#14
Jennifer Sheridan, Julia N Savoy, Anna Kaatz, You-Geon Lee, Amarette Filut, Molly Carnes
BACKGROUND: Many studies find that female faculty in academic medicine, science, and engineering experience adverse workplace climates. This study longitudinally investigates whether department climate is associated with future research productivity and whether the associations are stronger for female than male faculty. METHOD: Two waves of a faculty climate survey, institutional grant records, and publication records were collected for 789 faculties in academic medicine, science, and engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison between 2000 and 2010...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371642/the-impact-of-social-threat-cues-on-a-card-sorting-task-with-attentional-shifting-demands
#15
Jan Mohlman, Alyssa DeVito
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated social anxiety and attentional control using two versions of a task designed to tap intentional shifting of attention and set switching: the standard Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST; Heaton, 1981) and a modified version that included emotionally salient pictorial stimuli, the Emotional Faces Card Sorting Test (EFCST). A Group (lower-, higher-SPS) by Condition (WCST, EFCST) by Sorting Rule (color, form, number) interaction was expected in which the higher-SPS EFCST group would have worse overall performance and make more perseverative errors than the other groups...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365775/distinct-roles-for-the-anterior-cingulate-and-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortices-during-conflict-between-abstract-rules
#16
Erica A Boschin, Merima M Brkic, Jon S Simons, Mark J Buckley
Distinct patterns of activity within the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) reported in neuroimaging studies during tasks involving conflict between competing responses have often been cited as evidence for their key contributions to conflict-monitoring and behavioral adaptation, respectively. However, supporting evidence from neuropsychological patients has been scarce and contradictory. We administered a well-studied analog of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, designed to elicit conflict between 2 abstract rules, to a cohort of 6 patients with damage to ACC or dlPFC...
January 1, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362881/the-period-effect-in-the-prevalence-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-gross-proteinuria-and-peripheral-neuropathy-in-type-1-diabetes-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#17
Christine A Kiire, Kayla Horak, Kristine E Lee, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein
AIMS: To investigate whether, for a specific duration of type 1 diabetes, there is a significant change in the prevalence of proliferative diabetic retinopathy, gross proteinuria and peripheral neuropathy in those more recently diagnosed with diabetes (a period effect), in the Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy. Where present, to determine how common risk factors for diabetic complications might be associated with it, and what might be driving it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study with seven examination phases between 1980 and 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358956/ethnic-differences-in-the-association-between-age-related-macular-degeneration-and-vision-specific-functioning
#18
Eva K Fenwick, Ryan E K Man, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Ching-Yu Cheng, Kumari Neelam, Jacqueline Chua, Alfred T L Gan, Paul Mitchell, Tien Y Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
Importance: Understanding the link between ethnicity and health is critical to making appropriate public policy decisions. Few population-level data are available about this connection, however, including the influence of ethnicity on the association between age-related macular degeneration (AMD)and vision-specific functioning (VSF). Objective: To identify the influence of ethnicity on VSF among Chinese, Malay, and Indian patients with AMD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional, population-based study relied on patients and their data from 3 population-based studies in 3 ethnic groups: Chinese, Malay and Indian...
March 30, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350476/initial-experience-with-honoring-choices-wisconsin-implementation-of-an-advance-care-planning-pilot-in-a-tertiary-care-setting
#19
Wendy L Peltier, Faiz Gani, Jennifer Blissitt, Katherine Walczak, Kristi Opper, Arthur R Derse, Fabian M Johnston
BACKGROUND: Although previous research on advance care planning (ACP) has associated ACP with improved quality of care at the end of life, the appropriate use of ACP remains limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a pilot program using the "Honoring Choices Wisconsin" (HCW) model for ACP in a tertiary care setting, and to understand barriers to system-wide implementation. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Patients who received medical or surgical oncology care at Froedtert and the Medical College of Wisconsin...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341646/cardiorespiratory-fitness-alters-the-influence-of-a-polygenic-risk-score-on-biomarkers-of-ad
#20
Stephanie A Schultz, Elizabeth A Boots, Burcu F Darst, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Dorothy F Edwards, Rebecca L Koscik, Cynthia M Carlsson, Catherine L Gallagher, Barbara B Bendlin, Sanjay Asthana, Mark A Sager, Kirk J Hogan, Bruce P Hermann, Dane B Cook, Sterling C Johnson, Corinne D Engelman, Ozioma C Okonkwo
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a polygenic risk score (PRS) derived from APOE4, CLU, and ABCA7 is associated with CSF biomarkers of Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology and whether higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) modifies the association between the PRS and CSF biomarkers. METHODS: Ninety-five individuals from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention were included in these cross-sectional analyses. They were genotyped for APOE4, CLU, and ABCA7, from which a PRS was calculated for each participant...
March 24, 2017: Neurology
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