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Davide Bruno, Rebecca L Koscik, John L Woodard, Nunzio Pomara, Sterling C Johnson
ABSTRACTObjectives:Individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) present poor immediate primacy recall accompanied by intact or exaggerated recency, which then tends to decline after a delay. Bruno et al. (Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 38, 2016, pp. 967-973) have shown that higher ratio scores between immediate and delayed recency (i.e. the recency ratio; Rr) are associated with cognitive decline in high-functioning older individuals. We tested whether Rr predicted conversion to early mild cognitive impairment (early MCI) from a cognitively healthy baseline...
April 18, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
S Bhutani, L P Hanrahan, J Vanwormer, D A Schoeller
BACKGROUND: Summer weight gain in children has been reported; however, this is usually based on two time points. Our objective was to investigate monthly variation in weight status. METHODS: Cross-sectional, de-identified health records including height, weight and demographics, collected between 2007 and 2012 from South Central Wisconsin in 70 531 children age 5-16 years were analysed. The monthly averages in body mass index (BMI) z-score were analysed cross-sectionally followed by a paired analysis for a subset with one visit each during school and summer months...
April 17, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Rachel M Landisch, Paul M Knechtges, Mary F Otterson, Kirk A Ludwig, Timothy J Ridolfi
BACKGROUND: Restorative proctocolectomy with IPAA improves quality of life in patients with medically refractory ulcerative colitis. Although bowel obstruction is common, pouch volvulus is rare and described only in case reports. Diagnosis can be challenging, resulting in delayed care and heightened morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to delineate the symptoms and successful management strategies used in patients with IPAA volvulus that result in pouch salvage...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
J C Wiederkehr, M R Igreja, N Gonçalves, M Nogara, M Godoy, C Drago, A M Massutti, H A Wiederkehr, B A Wiederkehr
Institute George-Lopez-1 (IGL-1) solution is a preservation solution with lower potassium and lower viscosity than the University of Wisconsin solution that has been recently used in liver transplantation. In the present series, we compare the outcome of liver grafts from brain-dead donors preserved in IGL-1cold storage solution, with cold ischemia times (CITs) longer than 8 hours and those less than 8 hours. Two hundred fifty-two liver transplantations performed from January 2014 to December 2016 at Hospital Santa Isabel, Blumenau, Brazil, were retrospectively analyzed...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Vanessa Allom, Barbara Mullan, Evelyn Smith, Phillipa Hay, Jayanthi Raman
BACKGROUND: Two primary factors that contribute to obesity are unhealthy eating and sedentary behavior. These behaviors are particularly difficult to change in the long-term because they are often enacted habitually. Cognitive Remediation Therapy has been modified and applied to the treatment of obesity (CRT-O) with preliminary results of a randomized controlled trial demonstrating significant weight loss and improvements in executive function. The objective of this study was to conduct a secondary data analysis of the CRT-O trial to evaluate whether CRT-O reduces unhealthy habits that contribute to obesity via improvements in executive function...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
Neftali Serrano, Ronald Prince, Meghan Fondow, Kenneth Kushner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of integrating behavioral health services using the primary care behavioral health (PCBH) model on emergency department (ED) utilization. DATA SOURCES: Utilization data from three Dane County, Wisconsin hospitals and four primary care clinics from 2003 to 2011. STUDY DESIGN: We used a retrospective, quasi-experimental, controlled, pre-post study design. Starting in 2007, two clinics began integrating behavioral health into their primary care practices with a third starting in 2010...
April 16, 2018: Health Services Research
Paul Esker, Denis Anthony Shah, Carl A Bradley, Shawn P Conley, Pierce A Paul, Alison Robertson
Foliar fungicide use in hybrid maize in the United States was rare before 2000. The decade from 2000 to 2010 saw foliar fungicides increasingly applied to maize in the absence of appreciable disease pressure, a practice seemingly at odds with integrated pest management philosophy. Yet, it is commonly believed that growers do not employ management strategies unless there are perceived benefits. Maize (corn) growers (CGs) and certified crop advisors (CCAs) across four Midwestern states (Iowa, Illinois, Ohio and Wisconsin) were surveyed to better understand their practices, values and perceptions concerning the use of foliar fungicides during 2005 to 2009...
April 16, 2018: Phytopathology
Amgad Hanna
OBJECTIVE Meralgia paresthetica causes pain, burning, and loss of sensation in the anterolateral thigh. Surgical treatment traditionally involves neurolysis or neurectomy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN). After studying and publishing data on the anatomical feasibility of LFCN transposition, the author presents here the first case series of patients who underwent LFCN transposition. METHODS Nineteen patients with meralgia paresthetica were treated in the Department of Neurological Surgery at University of Wisconsin between 2011 and 2016; 4 patients underwent simple decompression, 5 deep decompression, and 10 medial transposition...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Grégoire Bosselut, Antonio Terracciano
A physically inactive lifestyle is associated with maladaptive patterns of personality development over relatively short follow-up periods. The present study extends existing research by examining whether this association persists over 20 years. Participants (total N = 8,723) were drawn from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study Graduates and Siblings samples and the Midlife in the United States Study. Controlling for demographic factors and disease burden, baseline physical inactivity was related to steeper declines in conscientiousness in all three samples and a meta-analysis (β=-...
April 2018: Journal of Research in Personality
Joon-Yong Bae, Ilseob Lee, Jin Il Kim, Sehee Park, Kirim Yoo, Miso Park, Gayeong Kim, Mee Sook Park, Joo-Yeon Lee, Chun Kang, Kisoon Kim, Man-Seong Park
Influenza B virus (IBV) is one of the human respiratory viruses and the targets of seasonal vaccination. However, the bifurcation of two antigenically distinct lineages of IBVs makes it difficult to arrange proper medical countermeasures. Moreover, compared with pathogenicity-related molecular markers known for influenza A virus, little has been known for IBVs. To understand pathogenicity caused by IBVs, we investigated the molecular determinants of IBV pathogenicity in animal models. After serial lung-to-lung passages of Victoria lineage B/Brisbane/60/2008 (Vc_BR60) and Yamagata lineage B/Wisconsin/01/2010 (Ym_WI01) viruses in BALB/c mice, we identified the mouse-adapted Vc_BR60 (maVc_BR60) and Ym_WI01 (maYm_WI01) viruses, respectively...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Virology
Katharina Blume, Nina Körber, Dieter Hoffmann, Bernd Wolfarth
Introduction: Beside positive effects on athlete's health, competitive sport can be linked with an increased risk of illness and injury. Because of high relative increases in training, additional physical and psychological strains, and an earlier specialization and professionalization, adolescent athletes needs an increased attention. Training can alter the immune system by inducing a temporary immunosuppression, finally developing infection symptoms. Previous studies identified Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) as potential indicator for the immune status...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Jennifer L Stenglein, Adrian P Wydeven, Timothy R Van Deelen
Populations of large terrestrial carnivores are in various stages of recovery worldwide and the question of whether there is compensation in mortality sources is relevant to conservation. Here, we show variation in Wisconsin wolf survival from 1979 to 2013 by jointly estimating the hazard of wolves' radio-telemetry ending (endpoint) and endpoint cause. In previous analyses, wolves lost to radio-telemetry follow-up (collar loss) were censored from analysis, thereby assuming collar loss was unconfounded with mortality...
April 7, 2018: Oecologia
Junhong Zhao, Jacek M Zurada, Jie Yang, Wei Wu
Unlike the first and the second generation artificial neural networks, spiking neural networks (SNNs) model the human brain by incorporating not only synaptic state but also a temporal component into their operating model. However, their intrinsic properties require expensive computation during training. This paper presents a novel algorithm to SpikeProp for SNN by introducing smoothing L1∕2 regularization term into the error function. This algorithm makes the network structure sparse, with some smaller weights that can be eventually removed...
March 16, 2018: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
K Rota, C Spanbauer, A Szabo, C E Okunseri
There is limited information on the oral health of Albanian immigrant population residing in the U.S. This creates a hinderance to developing and implementing appropriate dental care programs for the population. This study investigated oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and associated factors of Albanian adults living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Purposive and snowball sampling methods were employed. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data on oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and socio-demographic information...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Rebekah Pratt, Beth Gyllstrom, Kim Gearin, Carol Lange, David Hahn, Laura-Mae Baldwin, Lisa VanRaemdonck, Don Nease, Susan Zahner
OBJECTIVES: Interest is increasing in collaborations between public health and primary care to address the health of a community. Although the understanding of how these collaborations work is growing, little is known about the barriers facing these partners at the local level. The objective of this study was to identify barriers to collaboration between primary care and public health at the local level in 4 states. METHODS: The study team, which comprised 12 representatives of Practice-Based Research Networks (networks of practitioners interested in conducting research in practice-based settings), identified 40 key informants from the public health and primary care fields in Colorado, Minnesota, Washington State, and Wisconsin...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
Orkun Aydın, Paul H Lysaker, Kuzeymen Balıkçı, Pınar Ünal-Aydın, Ayşen Esen-Danacı
Many with schizophrenia experiences deficits in social cognition, neurocognition and metacognition. Yet the biological mechanisms which may underpin these cognitive deficits are poorly understood. Two candidate causes of these deficits are disturbances in oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP). To explore this we assessed plasma OT and VP in 34 schizophrenia patients and 31 healthy controls. We also concurrently assessed social cognition using the Reading the Mind from the Eyes test, neurocognition using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and metacognition using the Metacognitive Assessment Scale-Abbreviated...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Dawn M Eichen, Brittany E Matheson, June Liang, David R Strong, Kyung Rhee, Kerri N Boutelle
We examined the relationship between executive function and weight loss among children (8-12 years) and parents enrolled in a behavioral weight-loss program. 150 overweight/obese children and their parents participated in a 6-month family-based weight-loss intervention and completed baseline (month 0), post-treatment (month 6) and 18-month follow-up assessments (month 24), which included Digit Span (DS), Stop Signal Task (SST), and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Anthropometrics were additionally measured at mid-treatment (month 3) and 6-month follow-up (month 12)...
March 28, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Todd W Rayne, Kenneth R Bradbury, Jacob J Krause
A rural subdivision in south central Wisconsin was instrumented with monitoring wells and lysimeters before, during, and after its construction to examine the impacts of the unsewered subdivision on groundwater quality and quantity. Prior to construction, the 78-acre (32 hectare) site was farmland. Sixteen homes were constructed beginning in 2003. Initial monitoring from 2002-2005 showed that groundwater beneath the site had been impacted by previous agricultural use, with nitrate-N values as high as 30 mg/l and some detections of the herbicide atrazine...
March 30, 2018: Ground Water
Yu-Shu Huang, Ing-Tsung Hsiao, Feng-Yuan Liu, Fang-Ming Hwang, Kuang-Lin Lin, Wen-Cheng Huang, Christian Guilleminault
OBJECTIVE: To analyze differences in functional brain images collected in patients with type 2 and type 1 narcolepsy compared to normal controls and the relationship among brain images, objective Neuropsychologic tests, and sleep findings. METHODS: Data collection included comprehensive clinical investigation, study of sleep/wake with actigraphy, polysomnography, Multiple Sleep Latency Test, human leukocyte antigen typing,18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET, and cognitive tests obtained from 29 patients with type 2 narcolepsy, 104 patients with type 1 narcolepsy, and 26 sex- and age-matched normal control individuals...
March 30, 2018: Neurology
Jooyoung Kong, Scott D Easton
Objectives: This study primarily examines the associations between histories of childhood maltreatment (i.e., neglect, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse) and elder abuse victimization and explores whether gender moderates the associations. Methods: We conducted a secondary data analysis of 5,968 older adults (mean age = 71 years) based on data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (2010-2011). Using retrospective self-reports of childhood and current (past 12 months) victimization experiences, logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the effects of early-life adversities on the likelihood of elder abuse victimization...
March 26, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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