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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033637/cognitive-functioning-in-euthymic-bipolar-patients-on-monotherapy-with-novel-antipsychotics-or-mood-stabilizers
#1
Vesile Şentürk Cankorur, Hilal Demirel, Cem Atbaşoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is associated with cognitive dysfunction in several domains. Medication effect is a potential confounder that can only be statistically controlled in many studies. The cognitive profile in bipolar disorder during remission on maintenance antipsychotics or mood stabilizers medication has not been compared before. METHODS: We compared the cognitive profile of bipolar disorder patients euthymic for 2 month or more on monotherapy with novel antipsychotics (AP) (n=16), lithium carbonate (Li) (n=25) or valproic acid (VPA; n=26)...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033271/surgical-education-module-improves-operative-proficiency-in-endoscopic-carpal-tunnel-release-a-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-of-trainees
#2
Steve J Kempton, A Neil Salyapongse, Jacqueline S Israel, Benjamin A Mandel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether an interactive endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) surgical education module can improve knowledge of surgical indications and improve procedural competency. DESIGN: An ECTR education module was developed and trainees at various level of training were enrolled and randomized to surgical module and nonmodule (control) groups. Subjects were instructed that they would be the primary surgeon performing an ECTR...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032769/amphetamine-modestly-improves-conners-continuous-performance-test-performance-in-healthy-adults
#3
David A MacQueen, Arpi Minassian, Brook L Henry, Mark A Geyer, Jared W Young, William Perry
OBJECTIVES: Amphetamine improves vigilance as assessed by continuous performance tests (CPT) in children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Less is known, however, regarding amphetamine effects on vigilance in healthy adults. Thus, it remains unclear whether amphetamine produces general enhancement of vigilance or if these effects are constrained to the remediation of deficits in patients with ADHD. METHODS: We tested 69 healthy adults (35 female) on a standardized CPT (Conner's CPT-2) after receiving 10- or 20-mg d-amphetamine or placebo...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030735/suicide-attempts-among-adolescents-with-self-reported-disabilities
#4
Tally Moses
This study examines the relative risk for suicide attempts (SA) among high-school students self-identifying with one or more disability classifications (nine); assesses the extent to which youth with disabilities are disproportionately vulnerable to risk factors that predict suicidal behavior among all adolescents; and explores whether disability status adds to risk for SA after accounting for a comprehensive set of known risk and protective factors for SA. Analyses using Wisconsin's 2012 Dane County Youth Assessment Survey data found that youth in each disability category were 3-9 times more likely to report suicide attempt(s) relative to peers, and the endorsement of multiple disabilities tripled the risk SA relative to youth reporting a single disability...
October 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029253/breathing-disturbances-without-hypoxia-are-associated-with-objective-sleepiness-in-sleep-apnea
#5
Henriette Koch, Logan Douglas Schneider, Laurel A Finn, Eileen B Leary, Paul E Peppard, Erika Hagen, Helge Bjarup Dissing Sorensen, Poul Jennum, Emmanuel Mignot
Study Objectives: Determine if defining two subtypes of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) events - with or without hypoxia - results in measures that are more strongly associated with hypertension and sleepiness. Methods: A total of 1,022 subjects with 2,112 nocturnal polysomnograms (PSGs) from the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort were analyzed with our automated algorithm, developed to detect breathing disturbances and desaturations. Breathing events were time-locked to desaturations, resulting in 2 indices - desaturating (H-BDI) and non-desaturating (NH-BDI) events - regardless of arousals...
September 26, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029215/child-sexual-abuse-and-depression-in-late-life-for-men-a-population-based-longitudinal-analysis
#6
Scott D Easton, Jooyoung Kong, Matt C Gregas, Ce Shen, Kevin Shafer
Objective: Research investigating long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on mental health for men is vastly underdeveloped. This study strengthened the knowledge base by examining: (a) long-term trajectories of depressive symptoms for men with and without a history of CSA, and (b) moderating effects of social support over time. Method: We analyzed multiple waves of data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The sample (N = 2,451) consisted of men with histories of CSA and a stratified, randomly sampled comparison group...
September 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024476/prevalence-and-outcomes-of-cystic-lesions-of-the-transplant-pancreas-the-university-of-wisconsin-experience
#7
Talal M Al-Qaoud, Eric J Martinez, Hans W Sollinger, Dixon B Kaufman, Robert R Redfield, Bridget Welch, Glen Leverson, Jon S Odorico
Literature on the behavior of cystic lesions in pancreas transplants is scarce, and hence a better understanding is warranted. Data on recipients and their respective donors that underwent simultaneous kidney and pancreas, pancreas transplant alone, and pancreas after kidney between 1994-2015 were reviewed (n=1185). Cystic lesions of the transplant pancreas developed in 22 patients (1.8%): 12 pseudocysts, 2 cysts/remnants, 4 intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN), 2 adenocarcinomas, 1 low grade intraepithelial pancreatic neoplasia, and 1 case of polycystic kidney disease...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023512/the-ultrastructural-characteristics-of-porcine-hepatocytes-donated-after-cardiac-death-and-preserved-with-warm-machine-perfusion-preservation
#8
Hiroki Bochimoto, Naoto Matsuno, Yo Ishihara, Tatsuya Shonaka, Daisuke Koga, Yoshiki Hira, Yuji Nishikawa, Hiroyuki Furukawa, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
The effects of warm machine perfusion preservation of liver grafts donated after cardiac death on the intracellular three-dimensional ultrastructure of the organelles in hepatocytes remain unclear. Here we analyzed comparatively the ultrastructure of the endomembrane systems in porcine hepatocytes under warm ischemia and successive hypothermic and midthermic machine perfusion preservation, a type of the warm machine perfusion. Porcine liver grafts which had a warm ischemia time of 60 minutes were perfused for 4 hours with modified University of Wisconsin gluconate solution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022783/current-predictive-models-do-not-accurately-differentiate-between-single-and-multi-gland-disease-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-two-endocrine-surgery-units
#9
O Edafe, E E Collins, C S Ubhi, S P Balasubramanian
Background Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) for primary hyperparathyroidism is dependent upon accurate prediction of single-gland disease on the basis of preoperative imaging and biochemistry. The aims of this study were to validate currently available predictive models of single-gland disease in two UK cohorts and to determine if these models can facilitate MIP. Methods This is a retrospectively cohort study of 624 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism in two centres between July 2008 and December 2013...
September 15, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022586/runes-transcribed-from-dig-site-401a-in-ladysmith-wisconsin
#10
Rachael K Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019906/predicting-child-protective-services-cps-involvement-among-low-income-u-s-families-with-young-children-receiving-nutritional-assistance
#11
Kristen S Slack, Sarah Font, Kathryn Maguire-Jack, Lawrence M Berger
This exploratory study examines combinations of income-tested welfare benefits and earnings, as they relate to the likelihood of child maltreatment investigations among low-income families with young children participating in a nutritional assistance program in one U.S. state (Wisconsin). Using a sample of 1065 parents who received the Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) benefits in late 2010 and early 2011, we find that relying on either work in the absence of other means-tested welfare benefits, or a combination of work and welfare benefits, reduces the likelihood of CPS involvement compared to parents who rely on welfare benefits in the absence of work...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988997/offering-smoking-treatment-to-primary-care-patients-in-two-wisconsin-healthcare-systems-who-chooses-smoking-reduction-versus-cessation
#12
Angela Petersen, Robin Mermelstein, Kristin M Berg, Timothy B Baker, Stevens S Smith, Doug Jorenby, Megan E Piper, Tanya R Schlam, Jessica W Cook
Smokers unwilling to make a quit attempt can still benefit from smoking intervention. However, it is unclear what proportion of smokers will enter such a Motivation phase intervention, and whether such an intervention attracts different types of smokers than does abstinence oriented treatment. We conducted a study from June 2010 to October 2013 based on a chronic care model of tobacco treatment among study eligible primary care patients (N=1579; 58% women, 89% White) presenting for regular health care visits in southern Wisconsin, U...
October 6, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986372/phylogenetic-background-and-virulence-associated-traits-of-escherichia-coli-obtained-from-surface-waters-and-diverse-animals-in-minnesota-and-wisconsin
#13
James R Johnson, Brian D Johnston, Parissa Delavari, Paul Thuras, Connie Clabots, Michael J Sadowsky
Possible external reservoirs for extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) strains that cause infections in humans are poorly defined. Because of the tremendous human health importance of ExPEC infections, we assessed surface waters and domesticated and wild animals in Minnesota and Wisconsin as potential reservoirs of ExPEC of human health relevance. We characterized 595 E. coli isolates (obtained from 1999-2002; 280 from seven surface water sites, 315 from feces of 13 wild and domesticated animal species) for phylogroup and virulence genotype, including inferred ExPEC status, by using multiplex PCR-based methods...
October 6, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981566/the-impact-of-executive-functions-and-emotional-intelligence-on-iowa-gambling-task-performance-focus-on-right-frontal-lobe-damage
#14
Oksana Zinchenko, Elena Enikolopova
Objective: Decision-making in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) has been intensively studied regarding both the "hot" and "cold" components. The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is a key region involved in processing somatic marker information, though recent findings suggest dorsolateral regions are also important. The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is also known as a substrate of executive functions-the cold component of decision-making. However, there is contradictory evidence about the role of executive functions, as well as the hot component of decision-making-emotional intelligence...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981336/fostering-a-feeling-of-worth-among-vulnerable-hiv-populations-the-role-of-linkage-to-care-specialists
#15
Michelle R Broaddus, Jill Owczarzak, Casey Schumann, Kimberly A Koester
To address barriers to adequate engagement in medical care among people living with HIV, Wisconsin's AIDS/HIV Program created a new position, the Linkage to Care (LTC) Specialist. Specialists provide intensive, short-term case management and patient navigation services for small caseloads of individuals at high risk of disengaging with medical care. Clients are eligible if they are newly diagnosed with HIV or new to medical care, recently released from incarceration, recently out of care, nonadherent to scheduled medical care visits, or have detectable viral load while in care...
October 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980802/naturally-occurring-versus-anthropogenic-sources-of-elevated-molybdenum-in-groundwater-multiple-evidences-for-geogenic-contamination-source-from-southeast-wisconsin-united-states
#16
Jennifer S Harkness, Thomas H Darrah, Paul Mathewson, Myles T Moore, Colin J Whyte, Tyson Cook, Avner Vengosh
Molybdenum (Mo) is an essential trace nutrient but has negative health effects at high concentrations. Groundwater typically has low Mo (<2 µg/L), and elevated levels are associated with anthropogenic contamination, although geogenic sources have also been reported. Coal combustion residues (CCRs) are enriched in Mo, and thus present a potential anthropogenic contamination source. Here, we use diagnostic geochemical tracers combined with groundwater residence time indicators to investigate the sources of Mo in drinking-water wells from shallow aquifers in a region of widespread CCR disposal in southeastern Wisconsin...
October 5, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978303/cesarean-deliveries-and-maternal-weight-retention
#17
Kandice A Kapinos, Olga Yakusheva, Marianne Weiss
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery accounts for nearly one-third of all births in the U.S. and contributes to an additional $38 billion in healthcare costs each year. Although Cesarean delivery has a long record of improving maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, increased utilization over time has yielded public health concerns and calls for reductions. Observational evidence suggests Cesarean delivery is associated with increased maternal postpartum weight, which may have significant implications for the obesity epidemic...
October 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977341/caloric-restriction-study-design-limitations-in-rodent-and-nonhuman-primate-studies
#18
Kelli L Vaughan, Tamzin Kaiser, Robert Peaden, R Michael Anson, Rafael de Cabo, Julie A Mattison
For a century, we have known that caloric restriction influences aging in many species. However, only recently it was firmly established that the effect is not entirely dependent on the calories provided. Instead, rodent and nonhuman primate models have shown that the rate of aging depends on other variables, including the macronutrient composition of the diet, the amount of time spent in the restricted state, age of onset, the gender and genetic background, and the particular feeding protocol for the control group...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975705/potential-yield-of-imminent-death-kidney-donation
#19
Ryan A Denu, Eneida A Mendonca, Norman Fost
About 99,000 people are waiting for a kidney in the US, and many will die waiting. The concept of "imminent death" donation, a type of living donation, has been gaining attention among physicians, patients, and ethicists. We estimated the number of potential imminent death kidney donors at the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics by estimating the number of annual deaths in individuals with normal kidney function. Based on a previous survey suggesting that 1/3 of patients might be willing to donate at imminent death, we estimate that between 76 and 396 people in the state of Wisconsin would be medically eligible and willing to donate each year at the time of imminent death...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957034/working-to-increase-vaccination-for-human-papillomavirus-a-survey-of-wisconsin-stakeholders-2015
#20
Sarah Mroz, Xiao Zhang, Mercedes Williams, Amy Conlon, Noelle K LoConte
INTRODUCTION: Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is common and can progress to various types of cancer. HPV infection can be prevented through vaccination; however, vaccination rates among adolescents are low. The objective of this study was to assess efforts among Wisconsin stakeholders in HPV vaccination and organizational capacity for future collaborative work. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey of 277 stakeholders in HPV vaccination activities, from April 30, 2015, through June 30, 2015...
September 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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