Read by QxMD icon Read


Eric Leis, Russell Easy, David Cone
Samples of Gyrodactylus fairporti Van Cleave, 1921 from young-of-the-year black bullhead (Ameiurus melas) stranded in riverside pools of the Black River (La Crosse County,) WI, USA, are used to supplement the species diagnosis, including new details on the marginal hook sickles, the male copulatory organ (MCO), and 18S rRNA gene sequence data. The anchors of G. fairporti are relatively long and thin, 58.2 ± 1.2 μm in length; roots 15.5 ± 1.0 μm; shaft 38.1 ± 1.5 μm; point 31.3 ± 1.5 μm. The ventral bar is 19...
February 17, 2018: Parasitology Research
Patricia I Jewett, Ronald E Gangnon, Elena Elkin, John M Hampton, Elizabeth A Jacobs, Kristen Malecki, James LaGro, Polly A Newcomb, Amy Trentham-Dietz
PURPOSE: To assess the association between geographic access to mammography facilities and women's mammography utilization frequency. METHODS: Using data from the population-based 1995-2007 Wisconsin Women's Health study, we used proportional odds and logistic regression to test whether driving times to mammography facilities and the number of mammography facilities within 10 km of women's homes were associated with mammography frequency among women aged 50-74 years and whether associations differed between Rural-Urban Commuting Areas and income and education groups...
February 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Michael A Hardy, Scott D Hull, Benjamin Zuckerberg
Translocations have become an increasingly valuable tool for conservation in recent years, but assessing the successfulness of translocations and identifying factors that contribute to their success continue to challenge biologists. As a unique class of translocation, population reinforcements have received relatively little attention despite representing a substantial portion of translocation programs. Here, we conducted population viability analyses to quantify the effects of 216 reinforcement scenarios on the long-term viability of four populations of Greater Prairie-Chickens (Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus) in Wisconsin, USA, and used multiple linear regression to identify factors that had the greatest relative influence on population viability...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Sarah Webber, Sabrina M Butteris, Laura Houser, Karen Coller, Ryan J Coller
BACKGROUND: A significant and growing proportion of US children have immigrant parents, an issue of increasing importance to pediatricians. Training globally minded pediatric residents to address health inequities related to globalization is an important reason to expand educational strategies around local global health (LGH). METHODS: We developed a curriculum in the pediatric global health residency track at the University of Wisconsin in an effort to address gaps in LGH education and to increase resident knowledge about local health disparities for global community members...
February 7, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Mackenzi Pergolotti, Jessica Lavery, Bryce B Reeve, Stacie B Dusetzina
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the cost of occupational therapy by provider, insurance status, and geographic region and the number of visits allowed and out-of-pocket costs under proposed therapy caps. METHOD: This retrospective, population-based study used Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data for occupational therapists billing in 2012 and 2013 (Ns = 3,662 and 3,820, respectively). We examined variations in outpatient occupational therapy services with descriptive statistics and the impact of therapy caps on occupational therapy visits and patient out-of-pocket costs...
March 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Maria A Kyritsi, Varvara A Mouchtouri, Spyros Pournaras, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
After the Elizabethkingia anophelis outbreak in Wisconsin, USA, an active search for the detection of the microorganism in hospital water systems from Central and Northern Greece was performed from June to December 2016. In total, 457 water samples from 11 hospitals were analyzed. Elizabethkingia spp. was detected in three samples collected from two hospitals, both of which are located in Northern Greece. Two of the three isolated strains were identified as Elizabethkingia anophelis. No cases of Elizabethkingia infection were reported in either hospital during 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Water and Health
Neika Sharifian, Erica L O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: The impact of social support on the relationship between stress and well-being remains somewhat inconclusive, with work suggesting either null, buffering, or amplification effects. The current study investigated the conditions in which perceived social support is likely to act as a buffer or amplifier by considering individual differences in self-perceptions of aging. METHODS: Using data from two subsamples of the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (graduates: 70-74 years, siblings: 40-92 years), we examined how perceived social support (emotional versus instrumental) and self-perceptions of aging (SPA) moderated the effect of functional limitations on depressive symptoms (DS)...
February 9, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Ernesto Barceló-Martinez, Melissa Gelves-Ospina, Edgar Navarro Lechuga, Ricardo F Allegri, Erick Orozco-Acosta, Juan C Benítez-Agudelo, Alexandra León-Jacobus, Néstor F Román
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between neuropsychological variables and serum cortisol levels as a measure of physiological stress in patients with fibromyalgia. METHODOLOGY: A sample of 60 women was intentionally selected: 30 with Fibromyalgia diagnosis and 30 with normal controls. Cortisol levels were determined using two blood samples (AM and PM) and a neuropsychological and emotional battery was applied with a standardized protocol in Colombian population to evaluate different cognitive domains...
January 2018: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
Vicki Hart, Amy Trentham-Dietz, Amy Berkman, Mayo Fujii, Christopher Veal, John Hampton, Ronald E Gangnon, Polly A Newcomb, Susan C Gilchrist, Brian L Sprague
PURPOSE: Women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) often experience adverse changes in health-related behaviors following diagnosis. The impact of health behaviors on long-term quality of life (QoL) in DCIS survivors has not been investigated. METHODS: We examined the association of post-diagnosis body mass index (BMI), physical activity, alcohol, and smoking with QoL among 1448 DCIS survivors aged 20-74 enrolled in the population-based Wisconsin in situ Cohort from 1997 to 2006...
February 7, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Wei Hung Chang, I Hui Lee, Mei Hung Chi, Shih-Hsien Lin, Kao Chin Chen, Po See Chen, Nan Tsing Chiu, Wei Jen Yao, Yen Kuang Yang
Top-down regulation in the human brain and anatomical connections between the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and specific catecholamine-related regions have been well-studied. However, the way in which the PFC modulates downstream neuro-networks in terms of serotonin and the autonomic nervous system (ANS) by variation in the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is still unclear. We recruited sixty-seven healthy subjects. Serotonin transporter (SERT) availability was examined by SPECT with [ 123 I]ADAM analysis; heart rate variability (HRV) testing was performed, and the BDNF level was measured...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
R M Kreiling, M C Thoms, W B Richardson
Despite much research and investment into understanding and managing nutrients across agricultural landscapes, nutrient runoff to freshwater ecosystems is still a major concern. We argue there is currently a disconnect between the management of watershed surfaces (agricultural landscape) and river networks (riverine landscape). These landscapes are commonly managed separately, but there is limited cohesiveness between agricultural landscape-focused research and river science, despite similar end goals. Interdisciplinary research into stream networks that drain agricultural landscapes is expanding but is fraught with problems...
January 2018: Journal of Environmental Quality
Haile Yang, Jiakuan Chen
The successful integration of ecosystem ecology with landscape ecology would be conducive to understanding how landscapes function. There have been several attempts at this, with two main approaches: (1) an ecosystem-based approach, such as the meta-ecosystem framework and (2) a landscape-based approach, such as the landscape system framework. These two frameworks are currently disconnected. To integrate these two frameworks, we introduce a protocol, and then demonstrate application of the protocol using a case study...
2018: PloS One
T Almahayni, N Vanhoudt
We assessed the potential impact of using coal fly ash to stabilise roadway pavements on groundwater quality and human health. The leaching potential of naturally occurring radionuclides (NORs) typically present in the fly ash was assessed with the HYDRUS-1D code and data representative of a segment of the Wisconsin State Trunk Highway 60 as a case study. Our assessment suggests that the impact would be mainly from the chemical toxicity of uranium (U). In our particular case study, U concentration in the leachate exceeded the maximum contaminant level for this element (MCL = 30 μg L-1) in almost all the scenarios...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Khushboo K Dalal, Abraham M Joshua, Akshatha Nayak, Prasanna Mithra, Zulkifli Misri, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan
INTRODUCTION: Knee hyperextension is seen in 40-68% of ambulating hemiparetics. If left untreated it may lead to laxity of posterior structures of knee resulting in early degeneration of knee leading to pain, reduced independence in activities of daily living (ADL), deformities and instability. In this study we hypothesize walking with bent knee attitude (prowling) along with proprioceptive training may help to reduce knee hyperextension during the stance phase of gait cycle. OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of prowling along with proprioceptive training on knee hyperextension range, dorsiflexion range and spatio temporal parameters of gait using Wisconsin gait scale (WGS) as compared to routine physiotherapy...
January 26, 2018: Gait & Posture
A Mani, E Chohedri, P Ravanfar, A Mowla, A Nikseresht
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment occurs in 40%-65% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Several techniques for cognitive rehabilitation (CR) in these patients have been evaluated; however, the results have been controversial. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of group compensatory CR in patients with MS-related cognitive impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four female patients with diagnosed relapsing-remitting MS and evidence of impaired cognitive function were included and randomized to intervention (n = 17) and control (n = 17) groups...
February 7, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Arnold Duralliu, Paul Matejtschuk, Daryl R Williams
Maintaining low moisture content is seen as crucial to sustaining long term stability in freeze dried (FD) cakes as higher moisture could lead to cake collapse, degradation and loss in biological potency. Using a combination of gravimetric data and video images captured from a Dynamic Vapour Sorption instrument the onset humidity Collapse Point (RHcp), the humidity Onset Crystallisation (RHc) and Onset Glass Transition (RHg) points for a series of freeze dried cakes at 10, 25 and 40°C have been determined...
February 3, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Sakkarin Chirapongsathorn, Chayakrit Krittanawong, Felicity T Enders, Richard Pendegraft, Kristin C Mara, Bijan J Borah, Sue L Visscher, Conor G Loftus, Vijay H Shah, Jayant A Talwalkar, Patrick S Kamath
We examined risks for first hospitalization and the rate, risk factors, costs, and 1-year outcome of 30-day readmission among patients admitted for complications of cirrhosis. Data were retrospectively analyzed for adult patients with cirrhosis residing in Minnesota, Iowa, or Wisconsin and admitted from 2010 through 2013 at both campuses of the Mayo Clinic Hospital in Rochester, MN. Readmission was captured at the two hospitals as well as at community hospitals in the tristate area within the Mayo Clinic Health System...
February 2018: Hepatology communications
Larry M Bush, Maria T Vazquez-Pertejo
Lyme disease is the most commonly reported tick-borneillness in the United States. Thecausative spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi is transmitted by 4 species of Ixodes tick species. Over 90% of US cases occur in northeasternstates from Maine to Virginia, and in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. Infection also takes place in northern California and Oregon. Lyme borreliosis is also diagnosed in parts of Europe, China, and Japan. The white-footed mouse is the primary animal reservoir for B. burgdorferi in the U...
February 2, 2018: Disease-a-month: DM
Sebastien Giraud, Raphael Thuillier, Ricardo Codas, Emily Manguy, Benoit Barrou, Alexandre Valagier, Alexis Puichaud, Lionel Badet, Emmanuelle Nicolas, Michel Eugene, Thierry Hauet
University of Wisconsin (UW) solution is not optimal for preservation of marginal organs. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) could improve protection. Similarly formulated solutions containing either 15 or 20 g/L PEG 20 kDa or 5, 15 and 30 g/L PEG 35 kDa were tested in vitro on kidney endothelial cells, ex vivo on preserved kidneys, and in vivo in a pig kidney autograft model. In vitro, all PEGs provided superior preservation than UW in terms of cell survival, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, and activation of survival pathways...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Qingfeng Yan, Yueping Li, Jia Yan, Ying Zhao, Yunzhong Liu, Su Liu
Heart transplantation has been applied in the clinic as an optimal solution for patients with end stage cardiac failure for a number of years. However, hypothermic preservation of the heart remains limited to 4-6 h and calcium accumulation over time is an important factor resulting in cell death. To provide longer and safer storage for donor hearts, it was demonstrated in our previous study that luteolin, a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat cardiovascular diseases, inhibits cell death and L-type calcium currents during hypothermic preservation...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"