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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734125/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cold-in-situ-perfusion-and-preservation-of-the-hepatic-allograft-working-towards-a-unified-approach
#1
REVIEW
Ahmer M Hameed, Jerome M Laurence, Vincent W T Lam, Henry C Pleass, Wayne J Hawthorne
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of cold in situ perfusion and static storage of the liver is one possible determinant of transplantation outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is evidence to substantiate a preference for a particular perfusion route (aortic or dual) or perfusion/preservation solution in donation after brain-death (DBD) liver transplantation. METHODS: The Embase, Medline and Cochrane databases were utilized (1980-2017). Random effects modeling was used to estimate effects on transplantation outcomes based upon (i) aortic or dual in situ perfusion, and (ii) the use of University of Wisconsin (UW), histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), Celsior and/or Institut Georges Lopez-1 (IGL-1) for perfusion/preservation...
July 22, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731452/temporal-order-of-alzheimer-s-disease-related-cognitive-marker-changes-in-blsa-and-wrap-longitudinal-studies
#2
Murat Bilgel, Rebecca L Koscik, Yang An, Jerry L Prince, Susan M Resnick, Sterling C Johnson, Bruno M Jedynak
Investigation of the temporal trajectories of currently used neuropsychological tests is critical to identifying earliest changing measures on the path to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). We used the Progression Score (PS) method to characterize the temporal trajectories of measures of verbal memory, executive function, attention, processing speed, language, and mental status using data spanning normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment, and AD from 1,661 participants with a total of 7,839 visits (age at last visit 77...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730155/surveillance-study-of-influenza-occurrence-and-immunity-in-a-wisconsin-cohort-during-the-2009-pandemic
#3
Chia-Yun Lo, Susan L Strobl, Kimberly Dunham, Wei Wang, Lucy Stewart, Julia A Misplon, Mayra Garcia, Jin Gao, Tatsuhiko Ozawa, Graeme E Price, Jose Navidad, Steve Gradus, Sanjib Bhattacharyya, Cecile Viboud, Maryna C Eichelberger, Carol D Weiss, Jack Gorski, Suzanne L Epstein
BACKGROUND: Antibody and T-cell immunity to conserved influenza virus antigens can protect animals against infection with diverse influenza strains. Although immunity against conserved antigens occurs in humans, whether such responses provide cross-protection in humans and could be harnessed as the basis for universal influenza vaccines is controversial. The 2009 pandemic provided an opportunity to investigate whether pre-existing cross-reactive immunity affected susceptibility to infection...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727957/awareness-of-state-legislation-on-naloxone-accessibility-associated-with-willingness-to-prescribe-naloxone
#4
Olihe N Okoro, Karen M Bastianelli, Ya-Feng Wen, Elisabeth F Bilden, Brian K Konowalchuk, Mark E Schneiderhan
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of opioid-related deaths, state naloxone-legislation changes, and negativity prompted investigation of predictive factors associated with willingness to prescribe naloxone to populations at risk of overdose including knowledge of risk factors, assessment of persons at risk, awareness of legislative changes, perceptions of professional responsibility, and confidence around naloxone prescribing and distribution. METHODS: Cross-sectional, web-based, anonymous, voluntary survey to prescribers of two regional healthcare systems serving urban and rural North Dakota, northern Minnesota, and northwestern Wisconsin...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#5
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724111/agricultural-conservation-planning-framework-3-land-use-and-field-boundary-database-development-and-structure
#6
Mark D Tomer, David E James, Claudette M J Sandoval-Green
Conservation planning information is important for identifying options for watershed water quality improvement and can be developed for use at field, farm, and watershed scales. Translation across scales is a key issue impeding progress at watershed scales because watershed improvement goals must be connected with implementation of farm- and field-level conservation practices to demonstrate success. This is particularly true when examining alternatives for "trap and treat" practices implemented at agricultural-field edges to control (or influence) water flows through fields, landscapes, and riparian corridors within agricultural watersheds...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719191/relationships-between-dissolved-organic-matter-composition-and-photochemistry-in-lakes-of-diverse-trophic-status
#7
Andrew Chapin Maizel, Jing Li, Christina K Remucal
The North Temperate Lakes-Long Term Ecological Research site includes seven lakes in northern Wisconsin that vary in hydrology, trophic status, and landscape position. We examine the molecular composition of dissolved organic matter (DOM) within these lakes using Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) and quantify DOM photochemical activity using probe compounds. Correlations between the relative intensity of individual molecular formulas and reactive species production demonstrate the influence of DOM composition on photochemistry...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719030/polygenic-risk-for-schizophrenia-and-neurocognitive-performance-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#8
Shi-Heng Wang, Po-Chang Hsiao, Ling-Ling Yeh, Chih-Min Liu, Chen-Chung Liu, Tzung-Jeng Hwang, Ming H Hsieh, Yi-Ling Chien, Yi-Ting Lin, Sharon D Chandler, Stephen V Faraone, Nan Laird, Benjamin Neale, Steve A McCarroll, Stephen J Glatt, Ming T Tsuang, Hai-Gwo Hwu, Wei J Chen
Both neurocognitive deficits and schizophrenia are highly heritable. Genetic overlap between neurocognitive deficits and schizophrenia has been observed in both the general population and in clinical samples. This study aimed to examine if the polygenic architecture of susceptibility to schizophrenia modified neurocognitive performance in schizophrenia patients. Schizophrenia polygenic risk scores (PRS) were first derived from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) on schizophrenia, and then the scores were calculated in our independent sample of 1130 schizophrenia trios, who had PsychChip data and were part of the Schizophrenia Families from Taiwan project...
July 18, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716166/invited-review-helping-dairy-farmers-to-improve-economic-performance-utilizing-data-driving-decision-support-tools
#9
V E Cabrera
The objective of this review paper is to describe the development and application of a suite of more than 40 computerized dairy farm decision support tools contained at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) Dairy Management website http://DairyMGT.info. These data-driven decision support tools are aimed to help dairy farmers improve their decision-making, environmental stewardship and economic performance. Dairy farm systems are highly dynamic in which changing market conditions and prices, evolving policies and environmental restrictions together with every time more variable climate conditions determine performance...
July 18, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715777/regular-cannabis-and-alcohol-use-is-associated-with-resting-state-time-course-power-spectra-in-incarcerated-adolescents
#10
Sandra Thijssen, Barnaly Rashid, Shruti Gopal, Prashanth Nyalakanti, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Cannabis and alcohol are believed to have widespread effects on the brain. Although adolescents are at increased risk for substance use, the adolescent brain may also be particularly vulnerable to the effects of drug exposure due to its rapid maturation. Here, we examined the association between cannabis and alcohol use duration and resting-state functional connectivity in a large sample of male juvenile delinquents. The present sample was drawn from the Southwest Advanced Neuroimaging Cohort, Youth sample, and from a youth detention facility in Wisconsin...
July 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715252/sorting-through-the-spheres-of-influence-using-modified-pile-sorting-to-describe-who-influences-dairy-farmers-decision-making-about-safety
#11
Casper Bendixsen, Kathrine Barnes, Burney Kieke, Danielle Schenk, Jessica Simich, Matthew Keifer
OBJECTIVES: The primary goal of this study was to describe the mutually perceived influence of bankers and insurers on their agricultural clients' decision-making regarding health and safety. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 dairy farmers, 11 agricultural bankers, and 10 agricultural insurers from central Wisconsin. Three of the interview questions involved pile-sorting. Pile-sorting included 5-point Likert-like scales to help participants sort through 32 index cards...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715107/using-models-to-identify-the-best-data-an-example-from-northern-wisconsin
#12
Andrew T Leaf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714462/a-hybrid-phantom-monte-carlo-based-method-for-historical-reconstruction-of-organ-doses-in-patients-treated-with-cobalt-60-for-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#13
Heather Petroccia, Nancy Mendenhall, Chihray Liu, Clifford Hammer, Wesley Culberson, Tim Thar, Tom Mitchell, Zuofeng Li, Wesley Bolch
Historical radiotherapy treatment plans lack 3D images sets required for estimating mean organ doses to patients. Alternatively, Monte Carlo-based models of radiotherapy devices coupled with whole-body computational phantoms can permit estimates of historical in-field and out-of-field organ doses as needed for studies associating radiation exposure and late tissue toxicities. In recreating historical patient treatments with (60)Co based systems, the major components to be modeled include the source capsule, surrounding shielding layers, collimators (both fixed and adjustable), and trimmers as needed to vary field size...
July 17, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714087/clinical-and-pathological-classification-of-canine-intraocular-lymphoma
#14
Matthew R Lanza, Ayla R Musciano, Richard D Dubielzig, Amy C Durham
The objectives of this retrospective study of 100 dogs with intraocular lymphoma were to describe the histomorphologic and immunohistochemical features of canine intraocular lymphoma, determine the proportion of cases with presumed solitary ocular lymphoma (PSOL) compared to multicentric disease, and assess the clinical outcomes of these patients. Selected cases from Penn Vet Diagnostic Laboratory and Comparative Ocular Pathology Lab of Wisconsin (2004-2015) were evaluated and subtyped using the WHO classification system...
July 17, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710968/enduring-changes-in-brain-metabolites-and-executive-functioning-in-abstinent-cocaine-users
#15
Candice E Crocker, Scot E Purdon, Christopher C Hanstock, Bonnie Lakusta, Peter Seres, Philip G Tibbo
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data connecting the metabolic and cognitive functioning of abstinent cocaine users. This is a pressing public health concern as approximately 1% of the Canadian population and 0.4% of the global population is estimated to have used cocaine in the past year. METHODS: Our clinical study compared the in vivo neurochemical profiles in the prefrontal cortex to cognitive tests associated with the same region in 21 moderate term abstinent cocaine users (average 187days abstinent, range 15-1432days), and 30 healthy controls using 3T (1)H MRS...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710709/psychological-factors-associated-with-painful-versus-non-painful-hiv-associated-sensory-neuropathy
#16
Prinisha Pillay, Antonia L Wadley, Catherine L Cherry, Alan S Karstaedt, Peter R Kamerman
HIV-associated sensory neuropathy (HIV-SN) is a common, and frequently painful complication of HIV, but factors that determine the presence of pain are unresolved. We investigated: (i) if psychological factors associated with painful (n = 125) versus non-painful HIV-SN (n = 72), and (ii) if pain and psychological factors affected quality of life (QoL). We assessed anxiety and depression using the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25. Pain catastrophizing and QoL were assessed using the Pain Catastrophizing Scale and Euroqol-5D, respectively...
July 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708949/comparing-executive-functions-between-patients-with-chronic-asthma-and-healthy-subjects
#17
Soran Rajabi, Esha'q Keshavarz, Yoosef Dehghani, Maryam Keshavarz, Khadije AliMoradi
OBJECTIVE: Allergic diseases have different levels of prevalence all over the world. Among them, asthma is the most common chronic disease. Up to now, little attention has been paid to the impact of this chronic disease on people's executive functions. The present study aimed at comparing the executive functions in patients with chronic asthma and healthy subjects. METHODS: The study population was patients with chronic asthma who were referred to Al-Zahra hospital in Isfahan Province and their visitors who were assigned as the control group...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708928/the-milan-system-for-reporting-salivary-gland-cytopathology-analysis-and-suggestions-of-initial-survey
#18
Esther Diana Rossi, William C Faquin, Zubair Baloch, Güliz A Barkan, Maria Pia Foschini, Marc Pusztaszeri, Philippe Vielh, Daniel F I Kurtycz
BACKGROUND: An international panel of experts in the field of salivary gland cytology (SGC), supported by the American Society of Cytopathology (ASC) and the International Academy of Cytology, conducted a survey to seek evidence and practice patterns regarding SGC. Results were used to provide focus for the proposed Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology. METHODS: The study group, formed during the 2015 European Congress of Cytology held in Milan, Italy, generated a survey that included 49 specific questions related to the taxonomies, practices, and diagnostic entities of salivary cytology...
July 14, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707503/two-way-partial-auc-and-its-properties
#19
Hanfang Yang, Kun Lu, Xiang Lyu, Feifang Hu
Simultaneous control on true positive rate and false positive rate is of significant importance in the performance evaluation of diagnostic tests. Most of the established literature utilizes partial area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve with restrictions only on false positive rate (FPR), called FPR pAUC, as a performance measure. However, its indirect control on true positive rate (TPR) is conceptually and practically misleading. In this paper, a novel and intuitive performance measure, named as two-way pAUC, is proposed, which directly quantifies partial area under ROC curve with explicit restrictions on both TPR and FPR...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705020/differential-item-functioning-of-the-full-and-brief-wisconsin-schizotypy-scales-in-asian-white-hispanic-and-multiethnic-samples-and-between-sexes
#20
David C Cicero, Elizabeth A Martin, Alexander Krieg
The Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales, including their brief versions, are among the most commonly used self-report measures of schizotypy. Although they have been used extensively in many ethnic groups, few studies have examined their differential item functioning (DIF) across groups. The current study included 1,056 Asian, 408 White, 476 Multiethnic, and 372 Hispanic undergraduates. Unidimensional models of the brief Magical Ideation Scale and Perceptual Aberration Scales fit the data well. For both scales, global tests of measurement invariance provided mixed evidence, but few of the items displayed DIF across ethnicities or between sexes within a multiple indicator multiple causes model...
July 1, 2017: Assessment
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