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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920072/clinic-blood-pressure-underestimates-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-an-untreated-employer-based-us-population-results-from-the-masked-hypertension-study
#1
Joseph E Schwartz, Matthew M Burg, Daichi Shimbo, Joan E Broderick, Arthur A Stone, Joji Ishikawa, Richard Sloan, Tyla Yurgel, Steven Grossman, Thomas G Pickering
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) is consistently superior to clinic blood pressure (CBP) as a predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality risk. A common perception is that ABP is usually lower than CBP. The relationship of the CBP minus ABP difference to age has not been examined in the United States. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2012, 888 healthy, employed, middle-aged (mean±SD age, 45±10.4 years) individuals (59% female, 7.4% black, 12% Hispanic) with screening BP <160/105 mm Hg and not taking antihypertensive medication completed 3 separate clinic BP assessments and a 24-hour ABP recording for the Masked Hypertension Study...
December 6, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904549/effects-of-nigella-sativa-supplementation-on-blood-parameters-and-anthropometric-indices-in-adults-a-systematic-review-on-clinical-trials
#2
REVIEW
Alireza Mohtashami, Mohammad Hasan Entezari
BACKGROUND: Nigella sativa (N. sativa) has been used in traditional medicine and several studies have been performed in the last decades to reveal the effects of it on different medical disorders such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity. We evaluated the effects of N. sativa supplementation on lipid profiles, glycemic control, blood pressure (BP), and some anthropometric indices in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search on published studies was done by using databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Thomas Reuters Web of Science, and Cochrane...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896854/decreased-graft-survival-in-liver-transplant-recipients-of-donors-with-positive-blood-cultures-a-review-of-the-unos-dataset
#3
Moises A Huaman, Valery Vilchez, Xiaonan Mei, Malay B Shah, Michael F Daily, Jonathan Berger, Roberto Gedaly
Liver transplantation using blood culture positive donors (BCPD) has allowed a significant expansion of the donor pool. We aimed to characterize BCPD and assess the outcomes of BCPD liver transplant recipients. We retrieved data from the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) registry on all adults who underwent primary, single organ deceased-donor liver transplantation in the U.S. between 2008 and 2013. Patients were classified in two cohorts: the BCPD cohort and the non-BCPD cohort. One-year graft and patient survival were compared between cohorts using Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox models...
November 29, 2016: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879452/umbilical-cord-blood-circulating-progenitor-cells-and-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-are-decreased-in-preeclampsia
#4
Diane L Gumina, Claudine P Black, Vivek Balasubramaniam, Virginia D Winn, Christopher D Baker
Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific disease characterized by the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria. Mothers with PE are known to develop endothelial dysfunction, but its effect on infants has been understudied, as newborns are often asymptomatic. Recent studies indicate that infants born from preeclamptic pregnancies develop endothelial dysfunction including higher blood pressure during childhood and an increased risk of stroke later in life. We hypothesize that PE reduces the number and function of fetal angiogenic progenitor cells and may contribute to this increased risk...
November 21, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865754/perinatal-nurse-home-visiting-referral-patterns-among-women-with-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-philadelphia
#5
Joan R Bloch, Susan Zupan, Amy E McKeever, Jennifer L Barkin
OBJECTIVE: To examine access to perinatal nurse home visiting services for high-risk pregnant women who have diabetes or hypertension. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis. SETTING: Philadelphia, PA. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women who had a live birth during 2012 and those referred to a community-based agency for perinatal nurse home visiting because of their diagnosis of diabetes or hypertension. METHODS: Access to services was measured by examining referral information (dosage, diagnosis, gestational age at time of referral, and insurance type) retrieved from administrative logs of the community-based organization that provides perinatal home visiting to high-risk pregnant women...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863843/score2-report-2-study-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#6
Ingrid U Scott, Paul C VanVeldhuisen, Michael S Ip, Barbara A Blodi, Neal L Oden, Maria Figueroa, Pravin U Dugel
PURPOSE: To describe the design and baseline characteristics of participants in the Study of COmparative Treatments for REtinal Vein Occlusion 2 (SCORE2) and to compare with cohorts from other retinal vein occlusion trials. DESIGN: Phase III prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial designed to assess whether intravitreal bevacizumab is noninferior to intravitreal aflibercept for treatment of decreased vision attributable to macular edema associated with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) or hemiretinal vein occlusion (HRVO)...
November 15, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861676/-obtaining-drugs-for-hypertension-and-diabetes-through-the-brazilian-people-s-pharmacy-program-results-of-the-national-health-survey-2013
#7
Karen Sarmento Costa, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Marco Aurélio Pereira, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Jarbas Barbosa da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to describe the proportion of hypertensive and diabetic patients who reported getting medicines to control these diseases via the Brazilian People's Pharmacy Program, according to sociodemographic factors. METHODS: this was a population-based descriptive study using 2013 National Health Survey data on individuals aged over 18 years. RESULTS: around one third of hypertensive individuals (35.9%; 95%CI 34.1-37.7) and more than half of those with diabetes (57...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854314/black-tea-increases-circulating-endothelial-progenitor-cells-and-improves-flow-mediated-dilatation-counteracting-deleterious-effects-from-a-fat-load-in-hypertensive-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Davide Grassi, Richard Draijer, Casper Schalkwijk, Giovambattista Desideri, Anatolia D'Angeli, Sandro Francavilla, Theo Mulder, Claudio Ferri
(1) Background: Endothelial dysfunction predicts cardiovascular events. Circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) maintain and repair the endothelium regulating its function. Tea flavonoids reduce cardiovascular risk. We investigated the effects of black tea on the number of CACs and on flow-mediated dilation (FMD) before and after an oral fat in hypertensives; (2) Methods: In a randomized, double-blind, controlled, cross-over study, 19 patients were assigned to black tea (150 mg polyphenols) or a placebo twice a day for eight days...
November 16, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852274/educational-inequalities-in-hypertension-complex-patterns-in-intersections-with-gender-and-race-in-brazil
#9
Ronaldo Fernandes Santos Alves, Eduardo Faerstein
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major public health issue worldwide, but knowledge is scarce about its patterns and its relationship to multiple axes of social disadvantages in Latin American countries. This study describes the educational inequality in the prevalence of hypertension in Brazil, including a joint stratification by gender and race. METHODS: We analyzed interview-based data and blood pressure measurements from 59,402 participants aged 18 years or older at the 2013 Brazilian National Health Survey (PNS)...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852126/traditional-chinese-medicine-food-therapy-and-hypertension-control-a-narrative-review-of-chinese-literature
#10
Ping Zou
Despite the lack of English literature about Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) food therapy, there is abundant Chinese literature about the application of food therapy for hypertension control. This paper summarizes basic concepts of TCM, the principles of food therapy and its application for hypertension control according to Chinese literature. In TCM, food is conceptualized according to both nutritional and functional aspects, and can be used to treat illnesses. Four principles of TCM food therapy including light eating, balancing the "hot" and "cold" nature of food, the harmony of the five flavors of food, and consistency between dietary intake and different health conditions, can be used to facilitate hypertension control...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844408/chronotherapy-for-hypertension-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-in-non-black-patients
#11
REVIEW
Caixia Wang, Xilian Qiu, Linsheng Lv, Jianhua Huang, Shaomin Li, Tanqi Lou, Xun Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of chronotherapy on blood pressure in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We searched PUBMED, EMBASE, ASN-ONLINE, the Cochrane Library and the reference articles of published papers without language restriction, for randomized and non-randomized trials that assessed the effect of chronotherapy versus morning dosing regimen drug therapy for CKD patients with hypertension. Meta-analysis was done with random-effect models...
November 14, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832941/thirteen-year-follow-up-of-optic-disc-hemorrhages-in-the-ocular-hypertension-treatment-study
#12
Donald L Budenz, Julia Beiser Huecker, Steven J Gedde, Mae Gordon, Michael Kass
PURPOSE: To determine the cumulative incidence of optic disc hemorrhage (ODH) before and after development of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG); determine the prognostic significance of ODH for the development of POAG; identify predictive factors for ODH. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: ODHs were evaluated in 3,236 eyes of 1618 Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) participants annually using stereoscopic optic disc photographs...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829570/a-multi-state-analysis-of-postpartum-readmissions-in-the-united-states
#13
Mark A Clapp, Sarah E Little, Jie Zheng, Julian N Robinson
BACKGROUND: Readmission rates are used as a quality metric in medical and surgical specialties; however, little is known about obstetrics readmissions. OBJECTIVE: Our goals for this study were to describe the trends in postpartum readmissions over time; to characterize the common indications and associated diagnoses for readmissions; and to determine maternal, delivery, and hospital characteristics that may be associated with readmission. STUDY DESIGN: Postpartum readmissions occurring within the first 6 weeks after delivery in California, Florida, and New York were identified between 2004 and 2011 in State Inpatient Databases...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825247/ethnic-differences-in-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-by-physical-activity-levels-among-older-adults-in-the-us
#14
Elizabeth Vásquez, Karine Sahakyan, John A Batsis, Cassandra Germain, Virend K Somers, Benjamin A Shaw
AIMS: This study sought to determine whether the association between varying levels of physical activity (PA) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality differ by race/ethnicity in older adults. METHODS: The sample comprised 2520 women and 2398 men drawn from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988-1994) aged ≥ 60 years. We used the metabolic equivalent (MET) of self-reported PA levels to define activity groups (inactive: those who did not report any PA; active: those who reported 3-6 METs for ≥5 times/week or >6 METs, ≥3 times/week; insufficiently active: those meeting neither criteria)...
November 9, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824002/clinical-manifestations-of-fibrosing-mediastinitis-in-chinese-patients
#15
Yan Hu, Jian-Xing Qiu, Ji-Ping Liao, Hong Zhang, Zhe Jin, Guang-Fa Wang
BACKGROUND: Fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) is a rare disease. FM is thought to be related to prior granulomatous mediastinal infection, such as histoplasmosis or tuberculosis. The majority of cases have been reported in endemic regions for histoplasmosis. The characteristics of cases of FM in China, where the prevalence of tuberculosis is high, have not been reported. We analyzed the clinical, imaging, and bronchoscopic features of Chinese patients with FM to promote awareness of this disease...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816202/bariatric-surgery-outcomes-in-black-patients-with-super-morbid-obesity-a-1-year-postoperative-review
#16
Samuel C Onyewu, Ololade O Ogundimu, Gezzer Ortega, Edward S Bauer, Chijindu C Emenari, Neh D Molyneaux, Sylvonne A Layne, Navin R Changoor, Denia Tapscott, Daniel D Tran, Terrence M Fullum
BACKGROUND: Super morbid obesity (body mass index [BMI] > 50 kg/m(2)) is associated with significant comorbidities and is disparagingly prevalent among the black population. There is paucity of data regarding bariatric surgery outcomes among super morbid obese (SMO) blacks. Our aim is to evaluate the reduction in weight and resolution of comorbidities after bariatric surgery among SMO black patients at an urban academic institution. METHODS: A retrospective review of SMO black patients who underwent bariatric surgery from August 2008 to June 2013 at Howard University Hospital...
June 16, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802415/genome-wide-and-gene-based-meta-analyses-identify-novel-loci-influencing-blood-pressure-response-to-hydrochlorothiazide
#17
Erika Salvi, Zhiying Wang, Federica Rizzi, Yan Gong, Caitrin W McDonough, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Timo P Hiltunen, Chiara Lanzani, Roberta Zaninello, Martina Chittani, Kent R Bailey, Antti-Pekka Sarin, Matteo Barcella, Olle Melander, Arlene B Chapman, Paolo Manunta, Kimmo K Kontula, Nicola Glorioso, Daniele Cusi, Anna F Dominiczak, Julie A Johnson, Cristina Barlassina, Eric Boerwinkle, Rhonda M Cooper-DeHoff, Stephen T Turner
This study aimed to identify novel loci influencing the antihypertensive response to hydrochlorothiazide monotherapy. A genome-wide meta-analysis of blood pressure (BP) response to hydrochlorothiazide was performed in 1739 white hypertensives from 6 clinical trials within the International Consortium for Antihypertensive Pharmacogenomics Studies, making it the largest study to date of its kind. No signals reached genome-wide significance (P<5×10(-)(8)), and the suggestive regions (P<10(-5)) were cross-validated in 2 black cohorts treated with hydrochlorothiazide...
October 31, 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800597/racial-discrimination-and-stigma-consciousness-are-associated-with-higher-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-minority-men
#18
Heather Orom, Chaman Sharma, Gregory G Homish, Willie Underwood, D Lynn Homish
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether lifetime racial discrimination and stigma consciousness (expecting to be stigmatized) are associated with blood pressure in minority and White middle-aged and older adult men. DESIGN: Participants were 1533 men (mean age = 63.2 [SD = 7.9, range = 37.4-89.2]; 12.4 % Black, 7.8 % Hispanic, 2.0 % other) diagnosed with clinically localized prostate cancer. We separately modeled associations between discrimination/stigma consciousness and blood pressure outcomes for minorities and Whites controlling for education, income, employment status, age, marital status, BMI, and recruitment site...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792074/recognition-of-asymptomatic-hypertension-in-an-urban-emergency-department-where-are-we-now
#19
Kimberly Souffront, Christina Gestal, Gail DʼEramo Melkus, Lynne Richardson
Persistently elevated blood pressure ([BP]; hypertension [HTN]) occurs at higher rates in the emergency department ([ED]; 44%) than in the general population (27%) and disproportionately affects black patients and older adults. The American College of Emergency Physicians recommends referral to primary care for HTN confirmation and management when patients are asymptomatic and their BP is persistently elevated (). However, adherence to this clinical policy is suboptimal. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of asymptomatic HTN, rates of BP reassessment and referral, and factors associated with it among adult patients who visit the ED and who were discharged a decade after this policy was disseminated...
October 2016: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787891/a-brief-dietary-assessment-predicts-executive-dysfunction-in-an-elderly-cohort-results-from-the-einstein-aging-study
#20
Erin E Sundermann, Mindy J Katz, Richard B Lipton, Alice H Lichtenstein, Carol A Derby
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between diet and executive function, episodic memory and global verbal cognition in the Einstein Aging Study (EAS) cohort and determine whether race modifies this relationship. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: EAS participants without dementia who completed the Rapid Eating and Activity Assessment for Patients (REAP) (N = 492). MEASUREMENTS: The previously validated REAP is based on the 2000 U...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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