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Nutrition, performance, health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451638/-association-between-health-anthropometric-indexes-with-physical-fitness-in-physically-active-elderly-women
#1
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Samuel Durán-Agüero, José Zapata-Bastias, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
OBJECTIVE: To associate health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness of elderly women (EW) who participate in physical exercise workshops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 272 Chilean women over 60 years took part in the study. The variables studied were BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-height index (WHI) and physical fitness (PF). Correlations were made through the Pearson or Spearman coefficient, and bivariate associations using Pearson's Chi-square and the Fisher's exact test, considering p<0...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449204/national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-of-the-portuguese-general-population-2015-2016-protocol-for-design-and-development
#2
Carla Lopes, Duarte Torres, Andreia Oliveira, Milton Severo, Sofia Guiomar, Violeta Alarcão, Elisabete Ramos, Sara Rodrigues, Sofia Vilela, Luísa Oliveira, Jorge Mota, Pedro J Teixeira, Paulo J Nicola, Simão Soares, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of food consumption data using harmonized methodologies at the European level is fundamental to support the development of public policies. Portugal is one of the countries with the most outdated information on individual food consumption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and methodology of the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016, developed to collect national and regional data on dietary habits, physical activity (PA), and nutritional status, in a representative sample of the Portuguese general population (3 months-84 years)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446500/building-the-foundation-to-generate-a-fundamental-care-standardized-data-set
#3
Lianne Jeffs, Åsa Muntlin Athlin, Jack Needleman, Debra Jackson, Alison Kitson
Considerable transformation is occurring in healthcare globally with organizations focusing on achieving the quadruple aim of improving the experience of care, the health of populations, and the experience of providing care while reducing per capita costs of health care. In response, health care organizations are employing performance measurement and quality improvement methods to achieve the quadruple aim. Despite the plethora of measures available to health managers, there is no standardized data set and virtually no indicators reflecting how patients actually experience the delivery of fundamental care, such as nutrition, hydration, mobility, respect, education, and psychosocial support...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445830/bone-health-assessment-in-older-people-with-or-without-muscle-health-impairment
#4
M Locquet, C Beaudart, O Bruyère, J A Kanis, L Delandsheere, J-Y Reginster
This study investigated the relationship between muscle and bone status in elderly individuals. Our results suggested links between sarcopenia and osteoporosis; impairment in muscle status (i.e., muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance) is associated with deterioration in bone mass and texture subsequently leading to an increased risk of fracture. INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence has shown associations between sarcopenia and osteoporosis, but existing studies face inconsistencies in the clinical definition of both conditions...
February 14, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439734/periodontitis-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Lea Ladegaard Grønkjær, Palle Holmstrup, Søren Schou, Johanne Kongstad, Peter Jepsen, Hendrik Vilstrup
BACKGROUND: Many patients with cirrhosis have poor oral health but little is known on periodontitis, and its clinical significance is largely unknown. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and predictors of periodontitis, and evaluate the association of periodontitis with nutritional and systemic inflammation status. METHODS: 145 patients with cirrhosis were consecutively enrolled. Clinical, oral examination of plaque, pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and bleeding on probing was performed...
February 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433160/relationship-between-diet-and-tinnitus-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
Doh Young Lee, Young Ho Kim
Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the association between nutritional intake and tinnitus prevalence by evaluating a large cross-sectional cohort. Methods: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey collected between 2013 and 2015 were analyzed. The study population consisted of 7,621 individuals aged 40 to 80 years with complete tinnitus-related data. Individuals with inadequate responses to tinnitus history, noise exposure in the work place, or subjective hearing loss were excluded...
February 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431510/accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-school-absenteeism-due-to-illness-or-injury-among-children-and-adolescents-nhanes-2003-to-2006
#7
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
INTRODUCTION: To examine the association between objectively measured moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and total physical activity with school absenteeism due to illness or injury among children and adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1249 children (aged 6-11 years) and 1747 adolescents (aged 12-17 years)...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426839/association-of-muscle-mass-and-fat-mass-with-insulin-resistance-and-the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Kyuwoong Kim, Sang Min Park
Relationship of muscle mass and fat mass with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome remains uncertain, especially among Asian population. We performed a cross-sectional study with 14,807 adult participants aged between 18 and 65 in the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey with Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) data to investigate whether muscle mass and fat mass are associated with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. DEXA records were used to categorize the participants into four categories (low muscle/low fat, low muscle/high fat, high muscle/ low fat, and high muscle/high fat)...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426313/urban-rural-disparities-in-health-care-utilization-among-chinese-adults-from-1993-to-2011
#9
Jiajia Li, Leiyu Shi, Hailun Liang, Gan Ding, Lingzhong Xu
BACKGROUND: Despite economic growth and improved health outcomes over the past few decades, China still experiences striking urban-rural health inequalities. Urban and rural residents distinguished by the hukou system may experience profound disparities because of institutional effect. The aim of this study is to estimate trends in urban-rural disparities in self-care, outpatient care, and inpatient care utilization from a perspective of the hukou system. METHODS: Data were extracted from the seven latest waves of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)...
February 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426302/the-relationship-of-undernutrition-psychosocial-factors-and-developmental-outcomes-of-children-in-extreme-poverty-in-ethiopia
#10
Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Mekitie Wondafrash, Marleen Vanvuchelen, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Extreme poverty is severe deprivation of basic needs and services. Children living in extreme poverty may lack adequate parental care and face increased developmental and health risks. However, there is a paucity of literature on the combined influences of undernutrition and psychosocial factors (such as limited play materials, playground, playtime, interactions of children with their peers and mother-child interaction) on children's developmental outcomes. The main objective of this study was, therefore, to ascertain the association of developmental outcomes and psychosocial factors after controlling nutritional indices...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422204/the-world-health-organization-fetal-growth-charts-concept-findings-interpretation-and-application
#11
REVIEW
Torvid Kiserud, Alexandra Benachi, Kurt Hecher, Rogelio González Perez, José Carvalho, Gilda Piaggio, Lawrence D Platt
Ultrasound biometry is an important clinical tool for the identification, monitoring, and management of fetal growth restriction and development of macrosomia. This is even truer in populations in which perinatal morbidity and mortality rates are high, which is a reason that much effort is put onto making the technique available everywhere, including low-income societies. Until recently, however, commonly used reference ranges were based on single populations largely from industrialized countries. Thus, the World Health Organization prioritized the establishment of fetal growth charts for international use...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422003/role-of-nut-consumption-in-the-management-of-cognitive-decline-a-mini-review
#12
Blanka Klimova, Kamil Kuca, Martin Valis, Jakub Hort
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a significant increase in the number of older generation groups, which may result in serious economic and social issues. Therefore there is a need to prolong the active life of these older individuals, especially by focusing on modifying lifestyle factors such as healthy nutrition. In fact, recent research has shown that, for example, nuts are an important part of people's healthy diet because they have appeared to be neuroprotective compounds which might maintain or in some cases even improve people's cognitive functions...
February 1, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416323/nutritional-variables-predict-chances-of-returning-home-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-post-acute-geriatric-care
#13
Keisuke Maeda, Takayuki Koga, Junji Akagi
Background: Little is known about the association between malnutrition and the chances of returning home from post-acute facilities in older adult patients. This study aimed to understand whether malnutrition and malnutrition-related factors would be determinants for returning home and activities of daily living (ADL) at discharge after post-acute care. Methods: Patients aged ≥65 years living at home before the onset of an acute disease and admitted to a post-acute ward were enrolled (n=207) in this prospective observational study...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416322/quality-of-life-and-psychological-consequences-in-elderly-patients-after-a-hip-fracture-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Konstantinos I Alexiou, Andreas Roushias, Sokratis E Varitimidis, Konstantinos N Malizos
Fractures due to fragility of the bone around the hip joint have become a major public health issue, presenting with an increasing incidence due to the growth of the elderly population. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of hip fractures on the quality of life (QoL), health status (HS), functioning, and psychological parameters, and factors influencing the outcome and the appropriate interventions for improvement of elderly patients. A systematic electronic search of the relevant literature was carried out using the CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Medline (OvidSP), and PubMed databases spanning the time period from their establishment up to January 2017...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415776/nutritional-interventions-among-old-people-receiving-support-at-home
#15
Anne Marie Beck
With the focus of care shifting from the hospital to the community, supportive nutritional care to old people is to become an important issue to address in the community, since undernutrition has serious consequences, both for the quality of life and for the health care costs. Several modifiable nutritional risk factors relate to undernutrition. Unfortunately, the problem with (risk of) undernutrition is aggravated due to a lack of alertness among e.g. health care staff, leading to insufficient attention for systemic screening and nutritional care...
February 8, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415706/dental-caries-prevention-strategies-among-children-and-adolescents-with-immigrant%C3%A2-or-low-socioeconomic-backgrounds-do-they-work-a-systematic-review
#16
Marit S Skeie, Kristin S Klock
BACKGROUND: This systematic review was designed to uncover the most reliable evidence about the effects of caries preventive strategies in children and adolescents of immigrant or low socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: According to pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, relevant articles focusing on underprivileged groups were electronically selected between January1995 and October 2015. The literature search was conducted in five databases; PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, SweMed+ and Cochrane Library...
February 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412146/predictive-factors-for-birth-weight-of-newborns-of-mothers-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Sara de Oliveira Corrêa da Silva, Cláudia Saunders, Lenita Zajdenverg, Luciana Novaes Moreira, Sonaly Petronilho Heidelmann, Ariane Cristine Dos Santos Pereira, Patricia de Carvalho Padilha
AIMS: To evaluate the predictive factors of birth weight (BW) of newborns of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among pregnant women with GDM treated in a public maternity unit, Brazil. We selected 283 pregnant women, with nutritional follow-up initiated till the 28th gestational week, singleton pregnancy, without chronic diseases and with birth weight information of the newborns. The predictive factors of BW were identified by multivariate linear regression...
February 2, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410278/use-of-bmi-as-marker-of-adiposity-in-a-metabolic-syndrome-severity-score-derivation-and-validation-in-predicting-long-term-disease-outcomes
#18
Matthew J Gurka, Stephanie L Filipp, Solomon K Musani, Mario Sims, Mark D DeBoer
BACKGROUND: Estimates of adiposity in evaluating the metabolic syndrome (MetS) have traditionally utilized measures of waist circumference (WC), whereas body mass index (BMI) is more commonly used clinically. Our objective was to determine if a MetS severity Z-score employing BMI as its measure of adiposity (MetS-Z-BMI) would perform similarly to a WC-based score (MetS-Z-WC) in predicting future disease. METHODS: To formulate the MetS-Z-BMI, we performed confirmatory factor analysis on a sex- and race/ethnicity-specific basis on MetS-related data for 6870 adult participants of the National Health and Nutrition Survey 1999-2010...
February 1, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409361/association-between-age-at-asthma-diagnosis-and-tooth-loss
#19
Hyungkil Choi, Kwang-Hak Bae, Jeong-Woo Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association between age at asthma diagnosis and tooth loss due to caries using data obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A complex sample multivariable linear regression was used, and the results were analysed. Age at diagnosis and the number of teeth lost were set as independent and dependent variables, respectively. Among the total 65,973 subjects, 10,056 aged <12 years and 11,714 with missing values in dependent and independent variables were excluded...
February 6, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407798/environmentally-realistic-concentration-of-cadmium-combined-with-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-enriched-diets-modulated-non-specific-immunity-in-rainbow-trout
#20
Valérie Cornet, Abderrahim Ouaach, S N M Mandiki, Enora Flamion, Aline Ferain, Mélusine Van Larebeke, Benjamin Lemaire, Felipe E Reyes López, Lluis Tort, Yvan Larondelle, Patrick Kestemont
Nutrition is crucial to grow healthy fish particularly in a context of pollution, overcrowding and pathogen risks. Nowadays, the search for food components able to improve fish health is increasingly developing. Here, the influence of four dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that are alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3n-3), linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) on the sensitivity of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) juveniles to environmentally realistic cadmium (Cd, 0...
February 1, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
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