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Nutrition, performance, health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912440/predictors-of-wellness-behaviors-in-u-s-army-physicians
#1
Daniel P Hsu, Shana L Hansen, Timothy A Roberts, Clinton K Murray, Vincent Mysliwiec
Introduction: In 2013, the U.S. Army Surgeon General implemented the Performance Triad (P3), an educational initiative to improve health-related behaviors of soldiers throughout the U.S. Army. The components of P3 are Sleep, Activity, and Nutrition with tenet behaviors for each component. This study reports the results of the 2015 U.S. Army Medical Corps survey regarding physician knowledge and adherence to the tenet behaviors of P3. Methods: In 2015, an anonymous survey was sent to all active duty U...
April 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912173/deep-artificial-neural-networks-for-the-diagnostic-of-caries-using-socioeconomic-and-nutritional-features-as-determinants-data-from-nhanes-2013%C3%A2-2014
#2
Laura A Zanella-Calzada, Carlos E Galván-Tejada, Nubia M Chávez-Lamas, Jesús Rivas-Gutierrez, Rafael Magallanes-Quintanar, Jose M Celaya-Padilla, Jorge I Galván-Tejada, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales
Oral health represents an essential component in the quality of life of people, being a determinant factor in general health since it may affect the risk of suffering other conditions, such as chronic diseases. Oral diseases have become one of the main public health problems, where dental caries is the condition that most affects oral health worldwide, occurring in about 90% of the global population. This condition has been considered a challenge because of its high prevalence, besides being a chronic but preventable disease which can be caused depending on the consumption of certain nutritional elements interacting simultaneously with different factors, such as socioeconomic factors...
June 18, 2018: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910353/perceptions-and-determinants-of-eating-for-health-and-performance-in-high-level-male-adolescent-rugby-union-players
#3
Emily G Stokes, Roger Hughes, David M Shaw, Helen T O'Connor, Kathryn L Beck
Sports nutrition recommendations provide guidance on dietary strategies to optimise sports performance. However, research indicates that young athletes often find it difficult to follow these guidelines in practice. Limited research exists on the determinants that influence adherence to sports nutrition guidelines. This study aimed to explore the perceptions and determinants of eating for health and performance in high-level male adolescent rugby union players. Determinants were explored using semi-structured individual interviews in New Zealand high-level male rugby union players ( n = 20, 16⁻18 years)...
May 28, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910316/nutrition-and-supplementation-considerations-to-limit-endotoxemia-when-exercising-in-the-heat
#4
REVIEW
Joshua H Guy, Grace E Vincent
Exercise-induced heat production is further elevated by exercise performed in hot conditions and this can subsequently impact inflammation, and gastrointestinal (GI) health. Implementing nutrition and supplementation strategies under these conditions may support the hyperthermic response, the systemic inflammatory response, GI permeability and integrity, and exercise performance. Therefore, the aim of this brief review is to explore athletes' inflammatory response of two key biomarkers, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and provide nutrition and supplementation recommendations when exercising in hot conditions...
February 6, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910305/the-three-month-effects-of-a-ketogenic-diet-on-body-composition-blood-parameters-and-performance-metrics-in-crossfit-trainees-a-pilot-study
#5
Wesley C Kephart, Coree D Pledge, Paul A Roberson, Petey W Mumford, Matthew A Romero, Christopher B Mobley, Jeffrey S Martin, Kaelin C Young, Ryan P Lowery, Jacob M Wilson, Kevin W Huggins, Michael D Roberts
Adopting low carbohydrate, ketogenic diets remains a controversial issue for individuals who resistance train given that this form of dieting has been speculated to reduce skeletal muscle glycogen levels and stifle muscle anabolism. We sought to characterize the effects of a 12-week ketogenic diet (KD) on body composition, metabolic, and performance parameters in participants who trained recreationally at a local CrossFit facility. Twelve participants (nine males and three females, 31 ± 2 years of age, 80...
January 9, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910153/international-consensus-on-military-research-priorities-and-gaps-survey-results-from-the-4th-international-congress-on-soldiers-physical-performance
#6
Mita Lovalekar, Marilyn A Sharp, Daniel C Billing, Jace R Drain, Bradley C Nindl, Edward J Zambraski
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to identify perceived priorities related to military personnel's health and physical performance, among attendees at the 4th International Congress on Soldiers' Physical Performance (ICSPP), and to determine if perceived priorities had changed between the 3rd ICSPP survey held in 2014 and the 4th ICSPP survey held in 2017. DESIGN: Electronic survey. METHODS: Respondents were asked to grade priority areas on a Likert scale, and average ratings were used to rank priority areas...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909799/health-promoting-lifestyles-among-health-care-workers-in-a-postdisaster-area-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Wanqiu Yang, Timothy Sim, Ke Cui, Jun Zhang, Yanchun Yang, Xiaohong Ma
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers performing rescue tasks in large-scale disaster areas are usually challenged in terms of physical and mental endurance, which can affect their lifestyles. Nevertheless, data on whether health care workers tend to adopt healthy lifestyles after disasters are limited. This paper compares the adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors among health care workers with that among non-health care workers in a postdisaster area. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in August 2016...
June 18, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909508/associations-of-mental-health-and-sleep-duration-with-menstrual-cycle-irregularity-a-population-based-study
#8
Taeryoon Kim, Ga Eun Nam, Byoungduck Han, Sung Jung Cho, Junghun Kim, Do Hyun Eum, Sang Woo Lee, Soon Hong Min, Woohyun Lee, Kyungdo Han, Yong Gyu Park
This study aimed to examine whether the characteristics of mental health and sleep duration, alone or in combination, are associated with menstrual cycle irregularity. This population-based, cross-sectional study analyzed the data from 4445 women aged 19-49 years, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012. A structured questionnaire was used to assess mental health characteristics, sleep duration, and menstrual cycle irregularity. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed...
June 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908542/mir-1224-expression-is-increased-in-human-macrophages-after-infection-with-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-bcg
#9
Shamila D Alipoor, Esmaeil Mortaz, Payam Tabarsi, Majid Marjani, Mohammad Varahram, Gert Folkerts, Johan Garssen, Ian M Adcock
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major threat to human health. Understanding the strategies mycobacteria take to overcome immune defense is important in order to control the infection. Micro (mi)RNAs are master regulators of most pathways in the human body.  Infection with mycobacterium impacts upon the host metabolic pathways as they are subverted to obtain the nutrition for intracellular TB survival. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infection on the expression of three miRNAs (miR-1224, -484 and -425), which are important in infection and in the regulation of metabolic pathways...
June 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907704/growth-and-body-composition-of-children-aged-2-4-years-after-exposure-to-community-mobilisation-women-s-groups-in-bangladesh
#10
Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905766/adherence-to-geriatric-assessment-based-recommendations-in-older-patients-with-cancer-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-in-belgium
#11
C Kenis, L Decoster, J Flamaing, P R Debruyne, I De Groof, C Focan, F Cornelis, V Verschaeve, C Bachmann, D Bron, S Luce, G Debugne, H Van den Bulck, J-C Goeminne, D Schrijvers, K Geboers, B Petit, C Langenaeken, R Van Rijswijk, P Specenier, G Jerusalem, J-P Praet, K Vandenborre, J-P Lobelle, M Lycke, K Milisen, H Wildiers
Background: In the general older population, geriatric assessment (GA)-guided treatment plans can improve overall survival, quality of life and functional status (FS). In GA-related research in geriatric oncology, studies mainly focused on geriatric screening and GA but not on geriatric recommendations, interventions and follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate the adherence to geriatric recommendations and subsequent actions undertaken in older patients with cancer. Patient and methods: A prospective Belgian multicenter (N=22) cohort study included patients ≥70 years with a malignant tumor upon oncologic treatment decision...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903294/-status-of-sedentary-activities-in-the-leisure-time-in-chinese-pupils-in-2010-2012
#12
Chao Song, Haijun Guo, Weiyan Gong, Yan Zhang, Caicui Ding, Ganyu Feng, Ailing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of sedentary activities of the Chinese pupils in the leisure time, and to provide basic information for developing intervention strategies. METHODS: Utilizing the data of 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance, using the multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method, a total of 39 242 pupils on sedentary activities including watching TV, using computer, playing computer games, reading and doing homework, was analyzed...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903220/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-low-body-weight-among-45-years-old-and-over-residents-in-general-rural-areas-in-2010-2012-in-china
#13
Qingqing Man, Shaojie Pang, Hui Wang, Yuqian Li, Lixiang Li, Jingzhong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To know the prevalence of low body weight among middleaged and elderly people in general rural areas of China and investigate the influence factors. METHODS: A total of 25 464 participants who were 45 years old and above from2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance as subjects to investigate the prevalence of low body weight. For 545 low body weight participants, we performed a1∶ 2 case-control study to investigate the influence factors...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903046/innovative-health-financing-for-refugees
#14
Paul Spiegel, Rebecca Chanis, Antonio Trujillo
BACKGROUND: More than 65 million persons are currently forcibly displaced, of whom more than 22 million are refugees. Conflicts are increasing, and existing ones are becoming more protracted; a refugee remains a refugee for more than 10 years. Funding for refugee assistance comes primarily from high-income countries after an emergency has occurred. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees spent approximately 12% of its budget on health, nutrition, food security, water, and sanitation in 2016...
June 15, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902214/body-weight-perception-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-and-depressive-symptoms-among-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2014
#15
Yongjoo Kim, S Bryn Austin, S V Subramanian, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND/ PURPOSE: Despite emerging evidence suggesting harmful influences of accurate weight perception on psychological health among individuals with obesity, little is known about the association in Asian populations. The aim of this study was investigate the association between body weight perception and depressive symptoms among Korean adults, and potential differential associations across gender. METHODS: We used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014, comprising 3,318 female (n = 1,876) and male (n = 1,442) participants, aged 19-65 years, with no history of depression and a body-mass index (BMI)> = 18...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901909/oral-diseases-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-with-chemotherapy-treatment
#16
María Lilia Adriana Juárez-López, Marlen Nicolett Solano-Silva, Rodolfo Fragoso-Ríos, Francisco Murrieta-Pruneda
Background: Pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) usually develop oral manifestations due to the disease itself, as well as side effects of chemotherapy that severely affect their health and quality of life. The aim of this paperis to determine the prevalence of oral diseases in pediatric all patients with and without chemotherapy and its relation to the different phases of chemotherapy. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in 103 pediatric patients with all between 3-15 years...
March 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899221/the-association-between-mediterranean-diet-and-the-risk-of-falls-and-physical-function-indices-in-older-type-2-diabetic-people-varies-by-age
#17
Sigal Tepper, Amit Alter Sivashensky, Danit Rivkah Shahar, Diklah Geva, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diabetes and dysglycemia increase the risk of frailty and decreased physical abilities. Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) may reduce this risk. We hypothesized that adherence to the MD is associated with physical function in older type-2 diabetic patients and that the association is stratified by age. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited type-2 diabetes patients aged >60 years at the Center for Successful Aging with Diabetes at Sheba Medical Center...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898671/a-study-protocol-of-older-person-s-exercise-and-nutrition-study-open-a-sit-to-stand-activity-combined-with-oral-protein-supplement-effects-on-physical-function-and-independence-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Helena Grönstedt, Sofia Vikström, Tommy Cederholm, Erika Franzén, Åke Seiger, Anders Wimo, Gerd Faxén-Irving, Anne-Marie Boström
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition and age per see add to the development of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle mass and strength, which contributes to increased risk of impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and reduced independence. Protein deficiency plays an important role in the development of sarcopenia. In order to increase the muscle mass protein intake should be combined with physical exercise. A daily physical activity, the sit-to-stand exercise, has been proven to decrease older persons' dependence in ADL...
June 7, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898117/the-combination-of-compost-or-biochar-with-urea-and-nbpt-can-improve-nitrogen-use-efficiency-in-maize
#19
Michelle A Coelho, Roberta Fusconi, Liliane Pinheiro, Ionara C Ramos, Adão S Ferreira
The addition of organic residues to agricultural soils has been used as a practical alternative to improve crop quality and health. The objective of this work was to evaluate maize physiological and nutritional responses to the application of compost and biochar combined with urea (N) and N-(n-butyl) thiophosphoric triamide (NBPT). The experiment was performed in plastic pots with 3 kg of soil under greenhouse conditions for 30 days. The compost and biochar were applied at the rate of 0.3 ton ha-1, using an amount of nutrient (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) demanded by crop growth...
April 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897528/prebiotics-offered-to-broiler-chicken-exert-positive-effect-on-meat-quality-traits-irrespective-of-delivery-route
#20
S Tavaniello, G Maiorano, K Stadnicka, R Mucci, J Bogucka, M Bednarczyk
Elimination of antibiotic growth promoters from poultry production has encouraged intensive search for relevant alternatives. Prebiotics are proposed as efficient replacements to stimulate colonization/expansion of beneficial microflora in chickens. The aim of this study was to deepen the knowledge on the effect of prebiotic administration on slaughter performance and meat quality traits of broiler chickens by evaluating different routes of their delivery (in ovo vs. in-water vs. in ovo + in-water). At d 12 of incubation, 1,500 eggs (Ross 308) containing viable embryos were randomly allotted into 4 groups and injected in ovo with 0...
April 20, 2018: Poultry Science
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