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Nutrition, performance, health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665819/examination-of-the-roles-and-capacities-of-duty-bearers-responsible-for-protecting-the-human-rights-to-adequate-food-nutritional-health-and-wellbeing-in-ugandan-children-s-homes
#1
Monica Olafsen, Archangel Byaruhanga Rukooko, Per Ole Iversen, Bård A Andreassen
BACKGROUND: The majority of Ugandan children face vulnerability and malnutrition. As a State Party to international human rights treaties, Uganda has legal obligations of guaranteeing the fundamental rights and the best interest of the nation's children. Despite being protected under international and national law, Uganda is not providing adequate child protection, including safeguarding children's food security. Numerous privately owned and unregulated children's homes face this problem...
April 17, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663621/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-young-children-born-to-hiv-positive-mothers-in-rural-yunnan-china
#2
Jie Wu, Jing Li, Yan Li, Kek Khee Loo, Haixia Yang, Qiong Wang, Rufei Duan, Xia Xiao, Xiaoxiao Song, Siwei Yang, Lin Sun
BACKGROUND: Children born to HIV-infected mothers are at risk for neurodevelopmental delay. Little is known about neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants and toddlers who were born to HIV-positive mothers but were not themselves infected by HIV, especially in poor rural areas. This study was conducted to compare developmental outcomes between young children who were HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) and their HIV-unexposed and uninfected (HUU) peers in rural Yunnan, China. METHODS: A total of 250 HEU children aged 6-36 months and 250 HUU children matched on age, gender and residency were recruited from rural Yunnan, China...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663483/differences-in-the-oral-health-status-and-oral-hygiene-practices-according-to-the-extent-of-post-stroke-sequelae
#3
Hyeong Tae Kim, Jong Bum Park, Won Chul Lee, Yeun Ju Kim, Y Lee
Oral health and hygiene are crucial parameters in stroke patients. However, few studies has evaluated the oral health status and oral hygiene practices according to the level of function in stroke patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the oral health status and oral hygiene practices according to ambulation and personal hygiene levels in patients with stroke. Data from the fifth (2010-2012) and sixth (2013-2015) editions of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) for 6 years combined...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661697/cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sexual-minority-women-18-59-years-old-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#4
Billy A Caceres, Abraham A Brody, Perry N Halkitis, Caroline Dorsen, Gary Yu, Deborah A Chyun
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (lesbian and bisexual) experience significant stigma, which may increase their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for CVD (including mental distress, health behaviors, blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and total cholesterol) and CVD in sexual minority women compared with their heterosexual peers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2012) was conducted...
April 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660895/rheological-characterization-of-an-in-vitro-model-for-salmonid-chyme-to-quantify-changes-in-feed-composition
#5
Mark Schumann, Alexander Brinker, Christian Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Developments in the production of aquacultural salmonid feeds in the last 20 years have led to extruded diets with extremely low water content and a shift from mainly marine fish based ingredients towards plant content. These changes expose the industry to the vagaries of the highly dynamic plant protein market. Resulting variations in the precise composition of aqua feeds may carry unpredictable consequences for water quality, since some plant ingredients cause undesirable reductions in the mechanical stability of faeces...
April 12, 2018: Biorheology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659064/beliefs-and-advice-seeking-behaviours-for-fertility-and-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-global-sample
#6
R Walker, M Blumfield, H Truby
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy can motivate individuals to adopt lifestyle behaviours that protect the health of their offspring. The aims of the present study were to explore men's and women's beliefs about lifestyle, fertility and pregnancy, as well as where they seek advice. METHODS: Participants (2185 women and 221 men, six unspecified) from 104 countries completed a questionnaire that explored their beliefs about what was important for a healthy pregnancy and their advice-seeking behaviours...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658962/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-new-supplementary-food-designed-to-enhance-cognitive-performance-during-prevention-and-treatment-of-malnutrition-in-childhood
#7
Susan B Roberts, Maria Angela Franceschini, Amy Krauss, Pei-Yi Lin, Augusto Braima de Sa, Raimundo Có, Salima Taylor, Carrie Brown, Oliver Chen, Elizabeth J Johnson, William Pruzensky, Nina Schlossman, Carlito Balé, Kuan-Cheng Tony Wu, Katherine Hagan, Edward Saltzman, Paul Muentener
Background: Cognitive impairment associated with childhood malnutrition and stunting is generally considered irreversible. Objective: The aim was to test a new nutritional supplement for the prevention and treatment of moderate-acute malnutrition (MAM) focused on enhancing cognitive performance. Methods: An 11-wk, village-randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted in 78 children aged 1-3 or 5-7 y living in villages in Guinea-Bissau. The supplement contained 291 kcal/d for young children and 350 kcal/d for older children and included 5 nutrients and 2 flavan-3-ol-rich ingredients not present in current food-based recommendations for MAM...
November 2017: Current developments in nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658946/association-between-overweight-and-obesity-with-school-performance-in-secondary-students-in-merida-mexico
#8
Juan Carlos Salazar-Rendón, Nina Méndez, Hugo Azcorra
Background: Some studies have found a negative relationship between obesity and school performance in scholars. However, this topic has not been studied in depth in Mexico. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between overweight and obesity with school performance in secondary school students from Merida. Methods: Weight and height were measured, and body mass index was calculated in a sample of 566 secondary students in Merida. Nutritional status was classified in normal weight (-2-<+1 standard deviation [SD]), overweight (+1-<2 SD) and obesity (> + 2 SD) according to the World Health Organization criteria...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656488/importance-of-coverage-and-quality-for-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-delivered-through-an-existing-health-programme-in-bangladesh
#9
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Edward A Frongillo, Tina Sanghvi, Sunny S Kim, Silvia Alayon, Lan Mai Tran, Zeba Mahmud, Bachera Aktar, Purnima Menon
Understanding implementation of interventions is critical to illuminate if, how, and why the interventions achieve impact. Alive & Thrive integrated a nutrition intervention into an existing maternal, neonatal, and child health (MNCH) programme in Bangladesh, documenting improvements in women's micronutrient supplement intake and dietary diversity. Here, we examined how well the nutrition intervention was implemented and which elements of implementation explained intervention impact. Survey data were collected in 2015 and 2016 from frontline health workers (FLW) and households in areas randomized to nutrition-focused MNCH (intensified interpersonal counselling, community mobilization, distribution of free micronutrient supplements, and weight-gain monitoring) or standard MNCH (antenatal care with standard nutrition counselling)...
April 14, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651680/simultaneous-identification-and-determination-of-flavonoids-in-dendrobium-officinale
#10
Chunhua Zhou, Zhenshan Xie, Zhouxi Lei, Yuechun Huang, Gang Wei
BACKGROUND: The quality of material medicine resources has had a considerable impact on the development of the health industry, which has created a bottleneck for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Dendrobium officinale, which has been widely used for health prevention in TCM, has become a high-nutritive health food that is strongly recommended by many white-collar workers and people who pay more attention to their health. The aim of this study was to develop a method to authenticate and evaluate D...
April 12, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650386/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-coverage-among-females-and-males-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-united-states-2007-2016
#11
Rayleen M Lewis, Lauri E Markowitz
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has been routinely recommended at age 11-12 years in the United States for females since 2006 and males since 2011. Coverage can be estimated using self/parent-reported HPV vaccination collected in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for a wider age range than other national surveys. We assessed vaccination coverage in 2015-2016, temporal trends by age, and the validity of self/parent-reported vaccination status...
April 9, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649491/toxicological-characteristics-of-edible-insects-in-china-a-historical-review
#12
Yu Gao, Di Wang, Meng-Lei Xu, Shu-Sen Shi, Jin-Feng Xiong
Edible insects are ideal food sources, which contain important nutrients and health-promoting compounds. With a rapid development of industrial insect farming, insect-derived food is a novel and emerging food industry. Edible insects have been traditionally consumed in various communities, while continuously gaining relevance in today's society; however, they currently remain underutilized. Although there are a large number of literature on edible insects, these literature primarily focus on the nutritional value edible insects...
April 9, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649273/do-all-infants-need-vitamin-d-supplementation
#13
Ane Cristina Fayão Almeida, Francisco José Albuquerque de Paula, Jacqueline Pontes Monteiro, Carlos Alberto Nogueira-de-Almeida, Luiz Antonio Del Ciampo, Davi Casale Aragon, Ivan Savioli Ferraz
A high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in children has been observed worldwide, but there are few studies on the nutritional status of vitamin D (VD) in healthy infants. The main cause of deficiency in healthy children is breastfeeding without supplementation and lack or insufficiency of sun exposure. The aims of this study were to determine serum concentrations of 25(OH)D and verify its association with parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations and use of VD supplementation in healthy infants aged ≥ 6 to ≤ 24 months attended at two Primary Health Care Units in Ribeirão Preto city, São Paulo, Brazil...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649182/applications-of-microalgal-biotechnology-for-disease-control-in-aquaculture
#14
REVIEW
Patai Charoonnart, Saul Purton, Vanvimon Saksmerprome
Aquaculture industries, and in particular the farming of fish and crustaceans, are major contributors to the economy of many countries and an increasingly important component in global food supply. However, the severe impact of aquatic microbial diseases on production performance remains a challenge to these industries. This article considers the potential applications of microalgal technology in the control of such diseases. At the simplest level, microalgae offer health-promoting benefits as a nutritional supplement in feed meal because of their digestibility and high content of proteins, lipids and essential nutrients...
April 12, 2018: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648934/understanding-prediabetes-in-a-medicare-advantage-population-using-data-adaptive-techniques
#15
Pravin S Kamble, Jenna Collins, Raymond A Harvey, Todd Prewitt, Ed Kimball, Tony Deluzio, Elsie Allen, Jonathan R Bouchard
The objective was to identify individuals with undiagnosed prediabetes from administrative data using adaptive techniques. The data source was a national Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug (MAPD) plan administrative data set. A retrospective, cross-sectional study developed and evaluated data adaptive logistic regression, decision tree, neural network, and ensemble predictive models for metabolic syndrome and prediabetes using 3 mutually exclusive cohorts (N = 279,903). The misclassification rate (MCR), average squared error (ASE), c-statistics, sensitivity (SN), and false positive (FP) rates were compared to select the final predictive models...
April 12, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643004/association-between-mediterranean-diet-and-hand-grip-strength-in-older-adult-women
#16
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Carolina Di Somma, Giovanni Tramontano, Vincenzo De Luca, Maddalena Illario, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean Diet (MD) is an eating pattern associated with multiple healthy benefits, including the conservation of skeletal muscle. Frailty is a major geriatric syndrome characterized by low muscle strength. The Hand Grip Strength (HGS) is the most frequently used indicator of muscle functional capacity for clinical purposes. The association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in elderly has not yet fully investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in a not hospitalized elderly who participated in the project PERsonalised ict Supported Services for Independent Living and Active Ageing (PERSSILAA)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629038/the-association-between-fat-mass-lean-mass-and-bone-mineral-density-in-premenopausal-women-in-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Jeehyun Kim, Hyuktae Kwon, Bo-Kyoung Heo, Hee-Kyung Joh, Cheol Min Lee, Seung-Sik Hwang, Danbee Park, Jae-Hong Park
Background: We investigated the association between body composition, especially truncal or non-truncal fat mass (FM), and bone mineral density (BMD) in premenopausal women in Korea. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV and V (2008-2011). Total lean mass (LM), total FM (TFM), truncal FM, and non-truncal FM, and BMD of the total femur, femoral neck (FN), and lumbar spine were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629032/comparison-of-body-image-perception-nutrition-knowledge-dietary-attitudes-and-dietary-habits-between-korean-and-mongolian-college-students
#18
Zolzaya Erdenebileg, So Hyun Park, Kyung Ja Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: College students are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, and it has been reported that they show poor dietary habits. This study was conducted to compare body image perception, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyles between Korean college students (KCS) and Mongolian college students (MCS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 314 KCS and 280 MCS. The data includes results of self-administered questionnaires; statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627546/differential-contribution-of-animal-and-vegetable-food-items-on-persistent-organic-pollutant-serum-concentrations-in-spanish-adults-data-from-bioambient-es-project
#19
Juan Pedro Arrebola, Argelia Castaño, Marta Esteban, Mónica Bartolomé, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Juan José Ramos
Diet is considered the main source of Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) exposure in the general population, although there are still several gaps of knowledge regarding the differential contribution of main food groups. The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns that contribute to human exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs). Study population (n=1880, 18-65years old) was recruited during 2009-2010 in all the main geographical areas of Spain...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627040/insulin-resistance-and-cognitive-test-performance-in-elderly-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#20
Ayesha Z Sherzai, Magda Shaheen, Jeffrey J Yu, Konrad Talbot, Dean Sherzai
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between homeostatic model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and cognitive test performance among population≥60years in a national database. HYPOTHESIS: Higher insulin resistance is associated with lower cognitive test performance score in the population≥60years. PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000 and 2001-2002. MEASUREMENTS: Cognitive test performance was measured by the Digit Symbol Substitution (DSS) exercise score...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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