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Nutrition, performance, health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045425/comorbidities-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-koreans-with-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes
#1
Hyemin Jeong, Sun Young Baek, Seon Woo Kim, Yeong Hee Eun, In Young Kim, Jaejoon Lee, Chan Hong Jeon, Eun-Mi Koh, Hoon-Suk Cha
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the association of knee osteoarthritis (OA) with comorbidities and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: A total of 8,907 (weighted n = 13,687,058) participants aged ≥50 years who had undergone knee radiography were selected from the 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. OA was classified into four subgroups based on the presence or absence of pain and radiographic OA (ROA): non-OA (Pain-/ROA-), pain only (Pain+/ROA-), ROA only (Pain-/ROA+), and painful ROA (Pain+/ROA+)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042762/assessing-the-nutritional-status-of-hospitalized-elderly
#2
REVIEW
Nur Adilah Shuhada Abd Aziz, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng, Mohd Ramadan Abdul Hamid, Nazrul Hadi Ismail
PURPOSE: The increasing number of elderly people worldwide throughout the years is concerning due to the health problems often faced by this population. This review aims to summarize the nutritional status among hospitalized elderly and the role of the nutritional assessment tools in this issue. METHODS: A literature search was performed on six databases using the terms "malnutrition", "hospitalised elderly", "nutritional assessment", "Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)", "Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI)", and "Subjective Global Assessment (SGA)"...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037529/the-relationship-between-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-airflow-obstruction-in-us-children-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#3
Stacey-Ann Whittaker Brown, Bian Liu, Emanuela Taioli
BACKGROUND: It has been difficult to determine the individual impact of pre and post-natal childhood tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) on childhood lung function, as children are often exposed to both. AIMS: To determine the association between current TSE, as measured by serum cotinine levels, and airflow obstruction (defined as the ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second and the forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) less than the lower limit of normal), while adjusting for self-reported prenatal TSE...
October 13, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037273/determinants-of-takeaway-and-fast-food-consumption-a-narrative-review
#4
Hayley G Janssen, Ian G Davies, Lucinda D Richardson, Leonard Stevenson
Out-of-home foods (takeaway, take-out and fast foods) have become increasingly popular in recent decades and are thought to be a key driver in increasing levels of overweight and obesity due to their unfavourable nutritional content. Individual food choices and eating behaviours are influenced by many interrelated factors which affect the results of nutrition-related public health interventions. While the majority of research based on out-of-home foods comes from Australia, the UK and USA, the same issues (poor dietary habits and increased prevalence of non-communicable disease) are of equal concern for urban centres in developing economies undergoing 'nutrition transition' at a global scale...
October 17, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037229/situation-and-determinants-of-the-infant-and-young-child-feeding-iycf-indicators-in-madagascar-analysis-of-the-2009-demographic-and-health-survey
#5
Hasina Rakotomanana, Gail E Gates, Deana Hildebrand, Barbara J Stoecker
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating child feeding in Madagascar are scarce despite its importance in child growth during the first two years of life. This study assessed the associations between the WHO infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators and stunting and identified determinants of inappropriate child feeding practices. METHODS: The most recent Demographic and Health Survey was used including a total of 1956 infants aged 0-23 months. Logistic regressions were performed for the association between IYCF indicators and stunting and for the determination of risk factors for inappropriate feeding practices...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037190/do-mobile-clinics-provide-high-quality-antenatal-care-a-comparison-of-care-delivery-knowledge-outcomes-and-perception-of-quality-of-care-between-fixed-and-mobile-clinics-in-central-haiti
#6
Erica Phillips, Rebecca J Stoltzfus, Lesly Michaud, Gracia Lionel Fils Pierre, Francoise Vermeylen, David Pelletier
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) is an important health service for women in developing countries, with numerous proven benefits. Global coverage of ANC has steadily increased over the past 30 years, in part due to increased community-based outreach. However, commensurate improvements in health outcomes such as reductions in the prevalence of maternal anemia and infants born small-for-gestational age have not been achieved, even with increased coverage, indicating that quality of care may be inadequate...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037118/pre-season-dietary-intake-of-professional-soccer-players
#7
Raquel Raizel, Allan da Mata Godois, Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli, Carlos Alexandre Fett, Julio Tirapegui, Fabricio Cesar de Paula Ravagnani, Christianne de Faria Coelho-Ravagnani
BACKGROUND: Despite the well-documented importance of nutrition in optimizing performance and health, the dietary intake of soccer players has attracted little attention. AIM: We aimed to assess the pre-season dietary intake of professional soccer players and its adequacy in macro and micronutrients. METHODS: The pre-season dietary intake of 19 male athletes was assessed using a semi-structured 3-day food record. To determine dietary adequacy and excess, energy and macronutrient intake were compared with the Brazilian dietary reference values for athletes, and micronutrients were compared with the Estimated Average Requirement - EAR (minimum recommendation) and Tolerable Upper Intake Level - UL (maximum recommendation)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035098/quality-of-life-and-subjective-health-status-according-to-handgrip-strength-in-the-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine potential associations between handgrip strength and health-related quality of life, or subjective health status, in the elderly. METHOD: We performed secondary data analysis on 2377 elderly individuals aged >65 years. Raw data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2014-2015), were drawn from a representative national sample. RESULTS: Of those aged ≥65 years or older, 25...
October 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031771/a-nonrandomized-controlled-clinical-pilot-trial-on-8%C3%A2-wk-of%C3%A2-intermittent-fasting-24%C3%A2-h-wk
#9
Christian S Kessler, Rainer Stange, Maike Schlenkermann, Michael Jeitler, Andreas Michalsen, Antonia Selle, Franca Raucci, Nico Steckhan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether intermittent fasting (IF) is an effective preventive measure, and whether it is feasible for healthy volunteers under every day conditions. METHODS: A nonrandomized controlled clinical trial on IF was performed with healthy volunteers over a period of 8 wk, and a subsequent 4-mo follow-up. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, after 8 wk, and after 6 mo. Volunteers who were not interested in fasting served as a control group...
August 12, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026129/hepatitis-virus-infection-and-age-related-cataract
#10
Sangshin Park, Nam-Kyong Choi
This study was performed to investigate the relationships of hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to age-related cataract, and to assess whether liver damage mediates the hepatitis-cataract association. This study analyzed data in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012 on 10,037 participants aged ≥40 years. We performed mediation analysis to address the contribution of serum markers of liver damage, high aspartate (AST, >49.9 IU/L) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT, >56...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023380/the-gut-microbiome-feelings-of-the-brain-a-perspective-for-non-microbiologists
#11
REVIEW
Aaron Lerner, Sandra Neidhöfer, Torsten Matthias
Objectives: To comprehensively review the scientific knowledge on the gut-brain axis. Methods: Various publications on the gut-brain axis, until 31 July 2017, were screened using the Medline, Google, and Cochrane Library databases. The search was performed using the following keywords: "gut-brain axis", "gut-microbiota-brain axis", "nutrition microbiome/microbiota", "enteric nervous system", "enteric glial cells/network", "gut-brain pathways", "microbiome immune system", "microbiome neuroendocrine system" and "intestinal/gut/enteric neuropeptides"...
October 12, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022834/phenolic-protein-interactions-effects-on-food-properties-and-health-benefits
#12
Nydia E Buitimea-Cantúa, Janet A Gutiérrez-Uribe, Sergio O Serna-Saldívar
Phenolic-protein interactions (PPI), which naturally occur in most food systems, are being intentionally designed to enhance functional performance of phenolic compounds (PC). PPI have been primarily associated with changes related to sensorial, nutritional, and nutraceutical features of foods. Furthermore, these interactions affect properties such as astringency, protein digestibility, absorption, and bioavailability of antioxidants. Therefore, new product development should pay attention to these interactions and not only on the concentration of PC...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020758/high-level-physical-activity-and-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-using-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data-2007-2013
#13
Kyounghoon Park, Byung-Joo Park
Objectives: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the association between the intensity of physical activity (PA) and prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) using Korean representative data. Methods: We analyzed 39 804 participant data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007-2013. Exposure variable was three levels of PA (low, medium, and high) in a week, and outcome variable was prevalence of CVD based on patient self-recognition and doctor's diagnosis...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020216/outpatient-management-of-children-with-world-health-organization-chest-indrawing-pneumonia-implementation-risks-and-proposed-solutions
#14
Eric D McCollum, Amy Sarah Ginsburg
This Viewpoints article details our recommendation for the World Health Organization Integrated Management of Childhood Illness guidelines to consider additional referral or daily monitoring criteria for children with chest indrawing pneumonia in low-resource settings. We review chest indrawing physiology in children and relate this to the risk of adverse pneumonia outcomes. We believe there is sufficient evidence to support referring or daily monitoring of children with chest indrawing pneumonia and signs of severe respiratory distress, oxygen saturation <93% (when not at high altitude), moderate malnutrition, or an unknown human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status in an HIV-endemic setting...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019951/chemotherapy-related-toxicity-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-precachectic-oncologic-patients-with-or-without-high-protein-nutritional-support-a-prospective-randomized-study
#15
Monika Ziętarska, Joanna Krawczyk-Lipiec, Leszek Kraj, Renata Zaucha, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: Cancer disease is usually associated with impaired nutritional status, which is one of the factors contributing to deterioration of the results of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether nutritional support with high protein (ONS) in adult oncologic patients in the first step of cancer cachexia-asymptomatic precachexia, has an influence on the toxicity of systemic therapy. However, secondary endpoints were established: to determine whether high protein ONS influences the nutritional status, the quality of life, and the performance status...
October 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993126/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-sera-from-children-3-to-11-years-of-age-participating-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2014
#16
Xiaoyun Ye, Kayoko Kato, Lee-Yang Wong, Tao Jia, Akil Kalathil, John Latremouille, Antonia M Calafat
Several per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been measured in U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) participants 12 years of age and older since 1999-2000, but PFAS data using NHANES individual samples among children younger than 12 years do not exist. To obtain the first nationally representative PFAS exposure data in U.S. children, we quantified serum concentrations of 14 PFAS including perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), in a nationally representative subsample of 639 3-11year old participants in NHANES 2013-2014...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992568/self-rated-health-and-associated-factors-in-elderly-patients-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#17
Lívia Maria Santiago, Daniel Richard Mercante, Inês Echenique Mattos
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health is a useful indicator for understanding health issues in elderly populations and considered to be a predictor of adverse health outcomes in this group. This study aims to identify factors associated with self-rated health in elderly people with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS: Cross-sectional study performed at a cancer referral hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, included 162 patients, aged 60 or more years. All patients received a Multidimensional Geriatric Assessment, including seven health dimensions, and socio-demographic, epidemiological and it were collected clinical data...
October 6, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991146/effect-of-caregiver-training-on-the-neurodevelopment-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-and-caregiver-mental-health-a-ugandan-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Michael J Boivin, Noeline Nakasujja, Itziar Familiar-Lopez, Sarah M Murray, Alla Sikorskii, Jorem Awadu, Cilly Shohet, Deborah Givon, Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Elizabeth E Schut, Robert O Opoka, Judith K Bass
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood development programs typically combine healthy nutrition and cognitive stimulation in an integrated model. We separately delivered these 2 components in a cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate their comparative effectiveness in promoting healthy child development and caregiver mental health. This is the first study to do so for HIV-affected children and their infected mothers. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one HIV-exposed but uninfected child (2-3 years old) and caregiver dyads in 18 geographic clusters in Eastern Uganda were randomized by cluster to receive biweekly individualized sessions of either (1) Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) training emphasizing cognitive stimulation or (2) Uganda Community Based Association for Child Welfare (UCOBAC) program that delivered health and nutrition training...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988951/-relationship-between-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intake-and-nutritional-status-of-active-older-adults-in-chill%C3%A3-n-chile
#19
Verónica Barrón, Alejandra Rodríguez, Ivonne Cuadra, Carolina Flores, Paulina Sandoval
INTRODUCTION: Social participation by older adults is a health-protective element that promotes a normal nutritional status through the intake of appropriate nutrients that favour successful aging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was performed on a sample of 118 older adults. Food intake was measured using a 24-h recall questionnaire. The body mass index was used to evaluate the nutritional status. The information was analysed using uni- and bivariate descriptive statistics...
October 5, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987632/moderate-hyperhomocysteinemia-induced-by-short-term-dietary-methionine-overload-alters-bone-microarchitecture-and-collagen-features-during-growth
#20
Petar Milovanovic, Dragan Hrncic, Ksenija Radotic, Mira Stankovic, Dragosav Mutavdzic, Danijela Djonic, Aleksandra Rasic-Markovic, Dragan Djuric, Olivera Stanojlovic, Marija Djuric
AIMS: In general, hyperhomocysteinemia is increasingly appreciated as a risk factor for various diseases, including osteoporosis. However, its effects in non-adults remain largely unknown. Our aim was to determine whether dietary-caused increased homocysteine levels have deleterious effects on bone structure during growth. MAIN METHODS: We developed a model of moderate hyperhomocysteinemia caused by short-term methionine nutritional overload in growing rats. 30-days-old male Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned to either experimental group subject to a 30-days hypermethionine diet or control group...
October 4, 2017: Life Sciences
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