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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911275/associations-between-retirement-reasons-chronic-pain-athletic-identity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-former-professional-footballers
#1
George Sanders, Clare Stevinson
BACKGROUND: Retirement from professional sport has been recognised as a major psychological stressor, and there is a need to identify factors that increase the risk of mental health problems after career termination. The current study examined associations between career-ending injury, chronic pain, athletic identity, and depressive symptomology in retired professional footballers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 307 retired male footballers who had played within a professional United Kingdom league...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910189/associations-among-omega-3-fatty-acid-status-anxiety-and-mental-toughness-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#2
Patrick B Wilson, Leilani A Madrigal
OBJECTIVE: Poor omega-3 fatty acid status has been linked to anxiety in the general population, but scarce data are available describing omega-3 fatty acid levels in athletes and their associations with anxiety and mental toughness. METHODS: Whole blood samples were obtained from 54 female collegiate athletes and analyzed for fatty acids as a part of this cross-sectional observational study. Participants also completed a food frequency questionnaire on the intake of omega-3 fatty acids, as well as the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS)-2, and Mental Toughness Scale (MTS)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895619/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-professional-rugby-an-international-observational-descriptive-study
#3
Vincent Gouttebarge, Phil Hopley, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen, Wayne Viljoen, Paul Wylleman, Mike I Lambert
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders among professional rugby players across countries. A cross-sectional analysis of the baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study was conducted. Nine national players' associations and three rugby unions distributed questionnaires based on validated scales for assessing symptoms of common mental disorders. Among the whole study sample (N=990; overall response rate of 28%), prevalence (4-week) of symptoms of common mental disorders ranged from 15% for adverse alcohol use to 30% for anxiety/depression...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884738/-the-influence-of-physical-loads-on-the-functional-parameters-of-the-eyes-in-the-children-and-adolescents-regularly-engaged-in-sports-activities
#4
O V Yurova, D V Andjelova, A A Chayka
Myopia (short-sightedness) is the most common refractive disorder throughout the world prone to progression which is caused, inter alia, by violation of the working regime and resting conditions in the combination with the enhanced physical and psychological stresses. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the strenuous physical exercises on the visual analyzer in the children and adolescents regularly engaged in sports activities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 600 children and adolescents at the age from 8 to 17 years were recruited for the participation in the study...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872439/do-exercisers-with-musculoskeletal-injuries-report-symptoms-of-depression-and-stress
#5
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Claire Gudex, Kjeld Andersen, Anders Bo Bojesen, Uffe Jørgensen
CONTEXT: Sports injuries in athletes can lead to negative emotional responses in terms of anger, anxiety, confusion, and sadness. Severe injuries can be understood as a stressful life event with increased levels of psychological distress, but injury assessment and rehabilitation typically focuses on somatic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and emotional stress, and measure self-rated health in regular exercisers presenting to a sports medicine clinic with musculoskeletal injury...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859666/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-increase-awareness-of-mental-health-and-well-being-in-athletes-coaches-and-officials
#6
Gavin Breslin, Stephen Shannon, Tandy Haughey, Paul Donnelly, Gerard Leavey
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to conduct a systematic review determining the effect of sport-specific mental health awareness programs to improve mental health knowledge and help-seeking among sports coaches, athletes and officials. The second aim was to review the study quality and to report on the validity of measures that were used to determine the effectiveness of programs. METHODS: Sport-specific mental health awareness programs adopting an experimental or quasi-experimental design were included for synthesis...
August 31, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844852/temperament-as-a-modulating-factor-of-pain-sensitivity-in-combat-sport-athletes
#7
Katarzyna Leźnicka, Anna Starkowska, Maciej Tomczak, Paweł Cięszczyk, Monika Białecka, Maria Ligocka, Piotr Żmijewski, Maciej Pawlak
The aim of this study was to characterise the temperament of combat athletes in comparison to that of individuals who do not practise any sports with regard to pain sensitivity measured with the cold pressor test (CPT) and pressure pain threshold (PPT). The study involved 284 healthy men, aged 18 to 43years. The first group consisted of 198 combat athletes, including boxing (n=19), mixed martial arts (MMA) (n=97) and karate (n=82), aged from 18 to 43years. The control group consisted of 86 subjects between the ages of 18 and 26years, academic students not practising any sport professionally...
August 26, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826314/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-dutch-elite-athletes
#8
Vincent Gouttebarge, Ruud Jonkers, Maarten Moen, Evert Verhagen, Paul Wylleman, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders in elite sports is scarce. Consequently, the objectives of the study were to (i) establish the 12-month incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD; distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use, eating disorders) among Dutch elite athletes and (ii) explore their potential association with several stressors (being injured, recent life events, career dissatisfaction). METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a 12-month follow-up period was conducted...
August 21, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813365/-yes-we-can-review-on-team-confidence-in-sports
#9
REVIEW
Katrien Fransen, Niels Mertens, Deborah Feltz, Filip Boen
During the last decade, team confidence has received more and more attention in the sport psychology literature. Research has demonstrated that athletes who are more confident in their team's abilities exert more effort, set more challenging goals, are more resilient when facing adversities, and ultimately perform better. This article reviews the existing literature in order to provide more clarity in terms of the conceptualization and the operationalization of team confidence. We thereby distinguish between collective efficacy (i...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813363/psychosocial-factors-and-sport-injuries-prediction-prevention-and-future-research-directions
#10
REVIEW
Urban Johnson, Andreas Ivarsson
This review provides an overview of recent theoretical and empirical developments regarding psychosocial factors related to the prediction and prevention of sport injuries, and highlights some of the most interesting areas of investigation that have been carried out in the past few years. For instance, a systematic review of the most cited and used theoretical framework in the field has recently been performed, which supports the model's suggestion that psychosocial variables, as well as psychologically based interventions, can influence injury risk among athletes...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813354/new-directions-in-the-psychology-of-optimal-performance-in-sport-flow-and-clutch-states
#11
REVIEW
Christian Swann, Lee Crust, Stewart A Vella
Csikszentmihalyi's conceptualisation of flow is the primary framework for understanding the psychology of optimal experience and performance in sport. However, emerging evidence suggests a more dynamic, multi-state perspective. This review focuses primarily on recent studies highlighting a second, overlapping 'clutch' state which - in addition to flow - underlies optimal performance in sport. We also examine how the nature of goals ('open' or 'fixed') athletes pursue influence the experience of flow and clutch respectively...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813352/optimizing-motivation-and-attention-for-motor-performance-and-learning
#12
REVIEW
Rebecca Lewthwaite, Gabriele Wulf
We review three lines of recent research at an intersection of motor learning and sport psychology as they relate to motor skill acquisition: enhanced expectancies, autonomy support, and external attentional focus. Findings within these lines of research have been integrated into a new theory, the OPTIMAL (Optimizing Performance through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning) theory (i.e., OPTIMAL theory, Wulf and Lewthwaite, 2016), and have been applied in motor skill acquisition and performance. Implications range from more effective skill development in children and novice performers to athletes and performers in many fields, including clinical rehabilitation...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813347/mindfulness-based-and-acceptance-based-interventions-in-sport-and-performance-contexts
#13
REVIEW
Frank L Gardner, Zella E Moore
Since mindfulness-based and acceptance-based practice models were first conceptualized and applied in sport in an attempt to enhance performance and overall well-being of athletes and performers, these state-of-the-art theoretical and practice models have substantially broadened our knowledge base and have been successfully incorporated into sport and performance practice domains worldwide. Evolving from a sound empirical foundation, mindfulness-based and acceptance-based models in sport psychology have accumulated a strong basic and applied empirical foundation...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813346/current-opinion-in-clinical-sport-psychology-from-athletic-performance-to-psychological-well-being
#14
REVIEW
Zella E Moore, Kehana Bonagura
Clinical sport psychology (CSP) is a contemporary, empirically informed model that employs a scope, style, and mode of practice built upon cutting-edge findings from both clinical and sport sciences, and that follows the sound methodological traditions of clinical psychology [1(••)]. Conceptualizing athletic performance and well-being through the context of empirical research in both athletic and nonathletic domains of functioning, CSP practice can involve the enhancement of athletic performance, and also the personal development and psychological well-being of performers...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813343/prevalence-of-interpersonal-violence-against-athletes-in-the-sport-context
#15
REVIEW
Sylvie Parent, Kristine Fortier
Despite progress in recent years on understanding the magnitude of the problem of interpersonal violence against athletes in the sport context, this research area is still very understudied. Yet, many researchers have advocated for the urgent need to carry out prevalence studies in this field to base prevention efforts on empirical evidence and to convince public decision makers about the necessity to address this issue. The present paper widens the focus on violence in sport, beyond the traditional player and spectator violence literature...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813339/ethical-issues-in-sport-psychology
#16
REVIEW
Jack C Watson, William C Way, Robert C Hilliard
The field of sport psychology is dynamic and growing. To continue building credibility with the public and allied professionals, effective and ethical practice is crucial. Advances in technology have allowed sport psychology professionals to consult with athletes from a distance, but practitioners must be mindful of their competency to use technology, confidentiality concerns, and the suitability of technology for their clients. Movement toward defining competency and clarifying issues of title usage are additional areas in which the field is gaining momentum...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813337/professional-development-for-sport-psychology-practice
#17
REVIEW
David Tod, R I Vana Hutter, Martin Eubank
Applied sport psychology practice and research date back to the late 19th century. During this period investigators have largely examined the interventions practitioners employ to help athletes. More recently, researchers have begun addressing the person employing those interventions, including identifying their attributes and how they develop expertise, in recognition that practitioners are central to effective practice. Research focused on practitioners can inform educational and registration pathways, helping trainees to develop the knowledge, skills, and characteristics needed to meet their clients' needs...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813336/searching-for-the-elusive-gift-advances-in-talent-identification-in-sport
#18
REVIEW
David L Mann, Nima Dehghansai, Joseph Baker
The incentives for sport organizations to identify talented athletes from a young age continue to grow, yet effective talent identification remains a challenging task. This opinion paper examines recent advances in talent identification, focusing in particular on the emergence of new approaches that may offer promise to identify talent (e.g., small-sided games, genetic testing, and advanced statistical analyses). We appraise new multi-disciplinary and large-scale population studies of talent identification, provide a consideration of the most recent psychological predictors of performance, examine the emergence of new approaches that strive to diminish biases in talent identification, and look at the rise in interest in talent identification in Paralympic sport...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813335/cultural-sport-psychology-a-critical-review-of-empirical-advances
#19
REVIEW
Tatiana V Ryba
Despite a long standing assertion that sociocultural domain is one of the factors constituting human psychological phenomena, sport psychological science has only recently begun to examine culture as the principal basis of physical activity and sport participants' behaviour, wellbeing, engagement, and performance outcomes. Emphasizing the centrality of culture in bringing meaning to athlete careers and life projects, I summarise empirical literature explicitly positioned within cultural sport psychology (CSP)...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795636/athletic-identity-and-psychiatric-symptoms-following-retirement-from-varsity-sports
#20
Zarina A Giannone, Colleen J Haney, David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence identifying adjustment difficulties among retiring athletes, research investigating factors that contribute to post-retirement complications is limited. Athletic identity may be an important determinant of adverse adaptation to sport retirement. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to address the influence of athletic identity on post-retirement depression and anxiety symptoms among varsity athletes. METHOD: An anonymous, online survey regarding athletic identity and psychiatric symptoms was completed by 72 self-identified varsity athletes during their final season of competition and 3 months after retiring from sport...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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