keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Applied sports science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600609/-gerontologically-oriented-study-programs-in-germany-critical-review
#1
REVIEW
Eva-Marie Kessler, Andreas Hoff, Annette Franke
The objective of this article is a state-of-the-art analysis and critical reflection of the status quo of gerontologically oriented study programs in higher education in Germany. The major impulse for writing this article was provided by the newly established working group "Gerontological Education", which was inaugurated at the joint annual conference of sections III and IV of the German Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics in Mannheim in 2015. A systematic review of gerontological study programs shows that the number of such programs has increased in Germany over the past decade...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573597/effect-of-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-on-sport-performance-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Sergio Jiménez Morgan, José Arturo Molina Mora
Aim is to determine if the training with heart rate variability biofeedback allows to improve performance in athletes of different disciplines. Methods such as database search on Web of Science, SpringerLink, EBSCO Academic Search Complete, SPORTDiscus, Pubmed/Medline, and PROQUEST Academic Research Library, as well as manual reference registration. The eligibility criteria were: (a) published scientific articles; (b) experimental studies, quasi-experimental, or case reports; (c) use of HRV BFB as main treatment; (d) sport performance as dependent variable; (e) studies published until October 2016; (f) studies published in English, Spanish, French or Portuguese...
June 1, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515836/college-students-knowledge-of-recovery-beverage-serving-sizes
#3
Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel
Previous research suggests that chocolate milk may be a beneficial recovery beverage, yet little is known about how athletes and students training for careers in sports science or health-related fields interpret recommended recovery beverage serving sizes. This study examined college students' ability to correctly apply serving size recommendations for chocolate milk and protein powder used during post-exercise recovery and assessed usual consumption of milk as a recovery beverage. College students (34 women, 39 men) poured the amount of chocolate milk they would consume within 90 minutes after exercise unaided and with the use of a serving size guide...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502384/sports-science-needs-more-interdisciplinary-constraints-led-research-programmes-the-case-of-water-safety-in-new-zealand
#4
C Button, J L Croft
In the lead article of this special issue, Paul Glazier proposes that Newell's constraints model has the potential to contribute to a grand unified theory of sports performance in that it can help to integrate the disciplinary silos that have typically operated in isolation in sports and exercise science. With a few caveats discussed in this commentary, we agree with Glazier's proposal. However, his ideas suggest that there is a need to demonstrate explicitly how such an integration might occur within applied scientific research...
May 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463642/monitoring-athlete-training-loads-consensus-statement
#5
Pitre C Bourdon, Marco Cardinale, Andrew Murray, Paul Gastin, Michael Kellmann, Matthew C Varley, Tim J Gabbett, Aaron J Coutts, Darren J Burgess, Warren Gregson, N Timothy Cable
Monitoring the load placed on athletes in both training and competition has become a very hot topic in sport science. Both scientists and coaches routinely monitor training loads using multidisciplinary approaches, and the pursuit of the best methodologies to capture and interpret data has produced an exponential increase in empirical and applied research. Indeed, the field has developed with such speed in recent years that it has given rise to industries aimed at developing new and novel paradigms to allow us to precisely quantify the internal and external loads placed on athletes and to help protect them from injury and ill health...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418696/eccentric-exercise-kinesiology-tape-and-balance-in-healthy-men
#6
Simona Hosp, Ramona Folie, Robert Csapo, Michael Hasler, Werner Nachbauer
CONTEXT:   Deficits in balance have been identified as a possible risk factor for knee injuries in athletes. Despite a lack of evidence for its effectiveness, kinesiology tape (KT) is widely used to prevent knee injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the influence of KT at the knee joint on balance ability in healthy men after eccentric exercise. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   University laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Twelve young men with no history of lower limb injury volunteered for the study (age = 23...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284238/applying-current-concepts-in-pain-related-brain-science-to-dance-rehabilitation
#7
Sarah B Wallwork, Valeria Bellan, G Lorimer Moseley
Dance involves exemplary sensory-motor control, which is subserved by sophisticated neural processing at the spinal cord and brain level. Such neural processing is altered in the presence of nociception and pain, and the adaptations within the central nervous system that are known to occur with persistent nociception or pain have clear implications for movement and, indeed, risk of further injury. Recent rapid advances in our understanding of the brain's representation of the body and the role of cortical representations, or "neurotags," in bodily protection and regulation have given rise to new strategies that are gaining traction in sports medicine...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271812/elite-youth-sports-from-best-pediatric-science-practice-to-sports-practice-2016
#8
Craig A Williams
In my 2015 editorial, I selected two research publications with a focus on an applied sports sciences perspective. This year I have chosen to focus on two publications from a methodological viewpoint, highlighting the importance of laboratory procedures and extraction of data through a systematic review respectively. The first publication by Leites and colleagues (J Appl Physiol) addresses questions in relation to thermoregulation and carbohydrate metabolism in young people. This topic is difficult to conduct due to additional ethical and safety concerns due to exercising in the heat...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217419/the-effects-of-varied-tensions-of-kinesiology-taping-on-quadriceps-strength-and-lower-limb-function
#9
Julio Fernandes de Jesus, Yuri Rafael Dos Santos Franco, Stella Bispo Nannini, Gustavo Bezerra Nakaoka, Amir Curcio Dos Reis, Flavio Fernandes Bryk
BACKGROUND: Kinesiology Taping (KT) may promote changes in muscle strength and motor performance, topics of great interest in the sports-medicine sciences. These characteristics are purported to be associated with the tension generated by the KT on the skin. However, the most suitable tension for the attainment of these strength and performance effects has not yet been confirmed. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effects of different tensions of KT on the isometric contraction of the quadriceps and lower limb function of healthy individuals over a period of seven days...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215809/topological-data-analysis-tda-applied-to-reveal-pedogenetic-principles-of-european-topsoil-system
#10
Aleksandar Savic, Gergely Toth, Ludovic Duponchel
Recent developments in applied mathematics are bringing new tools that are capable to synthesize knowledge in various disciplines, and help in finding hidden relationships between variables. One such technique is topological data analysis (TDA), a fusion of classical exploration techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA), and a topological point of view applied to clustering of results. Various phenomena have already received new interpretations thanks to TDA, from the proper choice of sport teams to cancer treatments...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129281/the-science-of-strength-reflections-on-the-national-strength-and-conditioning-association-and-the-emergence-of-research-based-strength-and-conditioning
#11
Jason P Shurley, Janice S Todd, Terry C Todd
Shurley, JP, Todd, JS, and Todd, TC. The science of strength: reflections on the National Strength and Conditioning Association and the emergence of research-based strength and conditioning. J Strength Cond Res 31(2): 517-530, 2017-The National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) formed in 1978 when a group of 76 strength and conditioning coaches banded together to start an organization whose goal was to facilitate the exchange of ideas on strength training for sports. At the time, very little research existed regarding strength training protocols or their effects...
February 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039198/built-environment-and-health-a-systematic-review-of-studies-in-germany
#12
Maike Schulz, Matthias Romppel, Gesine Grande
OBJECTIVES: Empirical research on the relationship between the built environment and health is increasing at a tremendous pace. However, findings from Anglo-American countries may not apply to the European context. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the existing evidence on the role of the built environment for leading risk factors and health behavior in Germany. METHODS: Through an extensive search via PubMed and Web of Science, using predefined selection criteria, two independent reviewers identified 25 empirical studies...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003239/meta-analytical-review-of-the-effects-of-football-heading
#13
REVIEW
Anthony P Kontos, Rock Braithwaite, Sara P D Chrisman, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, Larissa Symington, Valerie L Reeves, Michael W Collins
AIM/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide a meta-analysis examining the effects of football heading. DESIGN: Meta-analytical review on football heading effects on neurocognitive performance, cognition and symptom reports. DATA SOURCES: Combinations of the key terms were entered into the following electronic database search engines: Cochrane Libraries, PyscARTICLE, PyscINFO, PubMed, ProQuest, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science on 7 July 2016...
December 21, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918661/how-does-a-short-interrupted-recovery-break-affect-performance-and-how-is-it-assessed-a-study-on-acute-effects
#14
Maximilian Pelka, Alexander Ferrauti, Tim Meyer, Mark Pfeiffer, Michael Kellmann
A recovery process with optimal prerequisites that is interrupted is termed disrupted recovery. Whether this process has an influence on performance-related factors needs to be investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine how a short disturbance of a recovery phase is assessed and whether subsequent repeated-sprint performance is affected by it. A quasi-experimental 2 × 2-factor crossover design with 34 sport-science undergraduate students (age 20.3 ± 2.1 y) was applied. Factors were the type of intervention (power nap vs systematic breathing; between-subjects) and the experimental condition (disturbed vs nondisturbed break; within-subject)...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903591/platelet-rich-plasma-powder-a-new-preparation-method-for-the-standardization-of-growth-factor-concentrations
#15
Matthias Kieb, Frank Sander, Cornelia Prinz, Stefanie Adam, Anett Mau-Möller, Rainer Bader, Kirsten Peters, Thomas Tischer
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely used in sports medicine. Available PRP preparations differ in white blood cell, platelet, and growth factor concentrations, making standardized research and clinical application challenging. PURPOSE: To characterize a newly standardized procedure for pooled PRP that provides defined growth factor concentrations. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: A standardized growth factor preparation (lyophilized PRP powder) was prepared using 12 pooled platelet concentrates (PCs) derived from different donors via apheresis...
March 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743080/outcome-measures-in-clinical-acl-studies-an-analysis-of-highly-cited-level-i-trials
#16
REVIEW
Sufian S Ahmad, Johannes C Meyer, Anna M Krismer, Suhaib S Ahmad, Dimitrios S Evangelopoulos, Sven Hoppe, Sandro Kohl
PURPOSE: Clinical research in the area of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has shown substantial growth during the last decade. This was accompanied by the establishment of a wide range of outcome measures used to address the demands of clinical studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome measures reported by highly cited level I trials in ACL research and identify factors influencing citation metrics. METHODS: The database of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) was utilized to screen journals under the subject categories "Orthopaedics", "Sports Sciences", "Radiology" and "General medicine" for the 50 most cited level I ACL trials based on predefined inclusion criteria...
October 14, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557397/forms-of-interdisciplinarity-in-four-sport-science-research-centres-in-europe
#17
Jean Camy, Patrick Fargier, Claire Perrin, Alain Belli
Interdisciplinarity is often presented as a significant element of sport science. We present here the results of an investigation conducted in four European Sport Science Research Centres applying interdisciplinarity. Four main dimensions, that we have called "forms", have been investigated. The "scientific", "organisational", "academic" and "societal" forms cover a wide range of activities run by these Centres. We have compared their situations using indicators. Globally they present quite similar combinations of forms, with dominant roles in the construction of interdisciplinarity played by the organisational and societal forms...
February 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468273/blurred-lines-performance-enhancement-common-mental-disorders-and-referral-in-the-u-k-athletic-population
#18
Claire-Marie Roberts, Andrea L Faull, David Tod
Through the awareness-raising efforts of several high-profile current and former athletes, the issue of common mental disorders (CMD) in this population is gaining increasing attention from researchers and practitioners alike. Yet the prevalence is unclear and most likely, under-reported. Whilst the characteristics of the sporting environment may generate CMD within the athletic population, it also may exacerbate pre-existing conditions, and hence it is not surprising that sport psychology and sport science practitioners are anecdotally reporting increased incidences of athletes seeking support for CMD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457721/psychological-skills-training-and-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-enhance-functional-athletic-performance-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-using-ambulatory-assessment
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Philipp Röthlin, Daniel Birrer, Stephan Horvath, Martin Grosse Holtforth
BACKGROUND: Struggling to deliver performance in competitions is one of the main reasons why athletes seek the advice of sport psychologists. Psychologists apply a variety of intervention techniques, many of which are not evidence-based. Evidence-based techniques promote quality management and could help athletes, for example, to increase and maintain functional athletic behavior in competitions/games (i.e., being focused on task relevant cues and executing movements and actions in high quality)...
July 26, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445838/sexual-activity-before-sports-competition-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti, Johnny Padulo, Nicola L Bragazzi, Nicola Maffulli
Sexual activity before competition has been considered as a possible cause for reduced performance since ancient Greece and Rome. Recently, the hypothesis that optimal sport performance could be influenced by a variety of factors including sexual activity before competition has been investigated. However, few scientific data are available, with the exception of anecdotal reports of individual experiences. The present systematic review focused on the current scientific evidence on the effects of sexual activity on sport performance regardless of sport type...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
keyword
keyword
56123
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"