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Applied sports science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138214/sport-science-internships-for-learning-a-critical-view
#1
EDITORIAL
James J Malone
Sport science has gained vast popularity with students who have an interest in both physiology and the underpinning mechanisms of exercise concerning performance and health. The high numbers of graduates each year, coupled with the low number of graduate positions working in sports, has led to a high level of competition between students. To stand out from the crowd, sport science students may undertake an internship placement as part of their course, designed to enhance theoretical, practical, and soft skills in an applied setting...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106335/psychosocial-development-through-masters-sport-what-can-be-gained-from-youth-sport-models
#2
Rylee A Dionigi, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Rachael C Stone, Amy M Gayman
Although sport participation is encouraged throughout the lifespan, little research has been conducted on the role of sport in development later in life. This qualitative study explored adults' experiences of development within the context of Masters sport. We interviewed 14 adults (nine men and five women) aged 46-61 years involved in Masters sport. Data was interpreted drawing upon frameworks from youth sport (i.e., Personal Assets Framework for Sport; Côté, J., Bruner, M., Strachan, L., Erickson, K., & Fraser-Thomas, J...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091467/the-future-of-classification-in-wheelchair-sports-can-data-science-and-technological-advancement-offer-an-alternative-point-of-view
#3
Rienk M A van der Slikke, Daan J J Bregman, Monique A M Berger, Annemarie M H de Witte, Dirk-Jan H E J Veeger
PURPOSE: Classification is a defining factor for competition in wheelchair sports, but it is a delicate and time-consuming process with often questionable validity.(1) New inertial sensor based measurement methods applied in match play and field tests, allow for more precise and objective estimates of the impairment effect on wheelchair mobility performance. It was evaluated if these measures could offer an alternative point of view for classification. METHODS: Six standard wheelchair mobility performance outcomes of different classification groups were measured in match play (n=29), as well as best possible performance in a field test (n=47)...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066604/the-control-of-ventilation-during-exercise-a-lesson-in-critical-thinking
#4
Richard M Bruce
Learning the basic competencies of critical thinking are very important in the education of any young scientist, and teachers must be prepared to help students develop a valuable set of analytic tools. In my experience, this is best achieved by encouraging students to study areas with little scientific consensus, such as the control mechanisms of the exercise ventilatory response, as it can allow greater objectivity when evaluating evidence, while also giving students the freedom to think independently and problem solve...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037377/thermographic-imaging-in-sports-and-exercise-medicine-a-delphi-study-and-consensus-statement-on-the-measurement-of-human-skin-temperature
#5
REVIEW
Danilo Gomes Moreira, Joseph T Costello, Ciro J Brito, Jakub G Adamczyk, Kurt Ammer, Aaron J E Bach, Carlos M A Costa, Clare Eglin, Alex A Fernandes, Ismael Fernández-Cuevas, José J A Ferreira, Damiano Formenti, Damien Fournet, George Havenith, Kevin Howell, Anna Jung, Glen P Kenny, Eleazar S Kolosovas-Machuca, Matthew J Maley, Arcangelo Merla, David D Pascoe, Jose I Priego Quesada, Robert G Schwartz, Adérito R D Seixas, James Selfe, Boris G Vainer, Manuel Sillero-Quintana
The importance of using infrared thermography (IRT) to assess skin temperature (tsk) is increasing in clinical settings. Recently, its use has been increasing in sports and exercise medicine; however, no consensus guideline exists to address the methods for collecting data in such situations. The aim of this study was to develop a checklist for the collection of tsk using IRT in sports and exercise medicine. We carried out a Delphi study to set a checklist based on consensus agreement from leading experts in the field...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035578/load-monitoring-variables-in-training-and-competition-situations-a-systematic-review-applied-to-wheelchair-sports
#6
Mário A M Simim, Marco Túlio de Mello, Bruno V C Silva, Dayane F Rodrigues, João Paulo P Rosa, Bruno Pena Couto, Andressa da Silva
The aim of this review was to identify the main variables for load monitoring in training and competition situations in wheelchair sports. Studies were identified from a systematic search of three databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and SportDiscuss), with search phrases constructed from MeSH terms, alone or in combination, limited to English-language literature, and published up to January 2016. Our main findings were that variables related to external load (distance, speed, and duration) are used to monitor load in competition...
October 1, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918464/what-s-next-in-complex-networks-capturing-the-concept-of-attacking-play-in-invasive-team-sports
#7
REVIEW
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Duarte Araújo
The evolution of performance analysis within sports sciences is tied to technology development and practitioner demands. However, how individual and collective patterns self-organize and interact in invasive team sports remains elusive. Social network analysis has been recently proposed to resolve some aspects of this problem, and has proven successful in capturing collective features resulting from the interactions between team members as well as a powerful communication tool. Despite these advances, some fundamental team sports concepts such as an attacking play have not been properly captured by the more common applications of social network analysis to team sports performance...
September 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894427/hypernetworks-reveal-compound-variables-that-capture-cooperative-and-competitive-interactions-in-a-soccer-match
#8
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Pedro Marques, Duarte Araújo
The combination of sports sciences theorization and social networks analysis (SNA) has offered useful new insights for addressing team behavior. However, SNA typically represents the dynamics of team behavior during a match in dyadic interactions and in a single cumulative snapshot. This study aims to overcome these limitations by using hypernetworks to describe illustrative cases of team behavior dynamics at various other levels of analyses. Hypernetworks simultaneously access cooperative and competitive interactions between teammates and opponents across space and time during a match...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882274/cdc-s-efforts-to-improve-traumatic-brain-injury-surveillance
#9
Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Lara DePadilla
INTRODUCTION: Youth sports concussion has become a prominent public health issue due to growing concern about the risk of long-term health effects. METHOD: A broad spectrum of stakeholders has convened to propose solutions, including a committee of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) who systematically examined the issue and, in a 2014 report, made a series of recommendations to better address this public health problem. RESULTS: Among these recommendations, the NAS committee called for CDC to develop a plan for a comprehensive surveillance system to better quantify the incidence and outcomes of youth sports concussion among children 5 to 21years of age...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840544/transferring-an-analytical-technique-from-ecology-to-the-sport-sciences
#10
Carl T Woods, Sam Robertson, Neil French Collier, Anne L Swinbourne, Anthony S Leicht
BACKGROUND: Learning transfer is defined as an individual's capability to apply prior learnt perceptual, motor, or conceptual skills to a novel task or performance environment. In the sport sciences, learning transfers have been investigated from an athlete-specific perspective. However, sport scientists should also consider the benefits of cross-disciplinary learning to aid critical thinking and metacognitive skill gained through the interaction with similar quantitative scientific disciplines...
August 24, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734670/population-health-and-regional-variations-of-disease-burden-in-japan-1990-2015-a-systematic-subnational-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
Shuhei Nomura, Haruka Sakamoto, Scott Glenn, Yusuke Tsugawa, Sarah K Abe, Md M Rahman, Jonathan C Brown, Satoshi Ezoe, Christina Fitzmaurice, Tsuyoshi Inokuchi, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Norito Kawakami, Yosuke Kita, Naoki Kondo, Stephen S Lim, Satoshi Maruyama, Hiroaki Miyata, Meghan D Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Tomoko Onoda, Erika Ota, Yuji Otake, Gregory A Roth, Eiko Saito, Takahiro Tabuchi, Yohsuke Takasaki, Tadayuki Tanimura, Manami Uechi, Theo Vos, Haidong Wang, Manami Inoue, Christopher J L Murray, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Japan has entered the era of super-ageing and advanced health transition, which is increasingly putting pressure on the sustainability of its health system. The level and pace of this health transition might vary across regions within Japan and concern is growing about increasing regional variations in disease burden. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive, comparable framework. We used data from GBD 2015 with the aim to quantify the burden of disease and injuries, and to attribute risk factors in Japan at a subnational, prefecture-level...
September 23, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714760/houston-we-still-have-a-problem
#12
Martin Buchheit
Apollo 13 was initially looking like it would be the smoothest flight ever. After the explosion of an oxygen tank, however, the astronauts were close to spending the rest of their lives in rotation around the planet. This well-known incident is used to further discuss the link, or lack thereof, between sport-science research and current field practices. There is a feeling that the academic culture and its publishing requirements have created a bit of an Apollo 13-like orbiting world (eg, journals and conferences) that is mostly disconnected from the reality of elite performance...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714750/-hand-in-glove-using-qualitative-methods-to-connect-research-and-practice
#13
Liam D Harper, Robert McCunn
Recent work has espoused the idea that in applied sporting environments, "fast"-working practitioners should work together with "slow"-working researchers. However, due to economical and logistical constraints, such a coupling may not always be practical. Therefore, alternative means of combining research and applied practice are needed. A particular methodology that has been used in recent years is qualitative research. Examples of qualitative methods include online surveys, 1-on-1 interviews, and focus groups...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600609/-gerontologically-oriented-study-programs-in-germany-critical-review
#14
REVIEW
Eva-Marie Kessler, Andreas Hoff, Annette Franke
The objective of this article is a state-of-the-art analysis and critical reflection of the status quo of gerontologically oriented study programs in higher education in Germany. The major impulse for writing this article was provided by the newly established working group "Gerontological Education", which was inaugurated at the joint annual conference of sections III and IV of the German Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics in Mannheim in 2015. A systematic review of gerontological study programs shows that the number of such programs has increased in Germany over the past decade...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573597/effect-of-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-on-sport-performance-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Sergio Jiménez Morgan, José Arturo Molina Mora
Aim is to determine if the training with heart rate variability biofeedback allows to improve performance in athletes of different disciplines. Methods such as database search on Web of Science, SpringerLink, EBSCO Academic Search Complete, SPORTDiscus, Pubmed/Medline, and PROQUEST Academic Research Library, as well as manual reference registration. The eligibility criteria were: (a) published scientific articles; (b) experimental studies, quasi-experimental, or case reports; (c) use of HRV BFB as main treatment; (d) sport performance as dependent variable; (e) studies published until October 2016; (f) studies published in English, Spanish, French or Portuguese...
June 1, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515836/college-students-knowledge-of-recovery-beverage-serving-sizes
#16
Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel
Previous research suggests that chocolate milk may be a beneficial recovery beverage, yet little is known about how athletes and students training for careers in sports science or health-related fields interpret recommended recovery beverage serving sizes. This study examined college students' ability to correctly apply serving size recommendations for chocolate milk and protein powder used during post-exercise recovery and assessed usual consumption of milk as a recovery beverage. College students (34 women, 39 men) poured the amount of chocolate milk they would consume within 90 minutes after exercise unaided and with the use of a serving size guide...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502384/sports-science-needs-more-interdisciplinary-constraints-led-research-programmes-the-case-of-water-safety-in-new-zealand
#17
C Button, J L Croft
In the lead article of this special issue, Paul Glazier proposes that Newell's constraints model has the potential to contribute to a grand unified theory of sports performance in that it can help to integrate the disciplinary silos that have typically operated in isolation in sports and exercise science. With a few caveats discussed in this commentary, we agree with Glazier's proposal. However, his ideas suggest that there is a need to demonstrate explicitly how such an integration might occur within applied scientific research...
May 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463642/monitoring-athlete-training-loads-consensus-statement
#18
Pitre C Bourdon, Marco Cardinale, Andrew Murray, Paul Gastin, Michael Kellmann, Matthew C Varley, Tim J Gabbett, Aaron J Coutts, Darren J Burgess, Warren Gregson, N Timothy Cable
Monitoring the load placed on athletes in both training and competition has become a very hot topic in sport science. Both scientists and coaches routinely monitor training loads using multidisciplinary approaches, and the pursuit of the best methodologies to capture and interpret data has produced an exponential increase in empirical and applied research. Indeed, the field has developed with such speed in recent years that it has given rise to industries aimed at developing new and novel paradigms to allow us to precisely quantify the internal and external loads placed on athletes and to help protect them from injury and ill health...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418696/eccentric-exercise-kinesiology-tape-and-balance-in-healthy-men
#19
Simona Hosp, Ramona Folie, Robert Csapo, Michael Hasler, Werner Nachbauer
CONTEXT:   Deficits in balance have been identified as a possible risk factor for knee injuries in athletes. Despite a lack of evidence for its effectiveness, kinesiology tape (KT) is widely used to prevent knee injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the influence of KT at the knee joint on balance ability in healthy men after eccentric exercise. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   University laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Twelve young men with no history of lower limb injury volunteered for the study (age = 23...
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284238/applying-current-concepts-in-pain-related-brain-science-to-dance-rehabilitation
#20
REVIEW
Sarah B Wallwork, Valeria Bellan, G Lorimer Moseley
Dance involves exemplary sensory-motor control, which is subserved by sophisticated neural processing at the spinal cord and brain level. Such neural processing is altered in the presence of nociception and pain, and the adaptations within the central nervous system that are known to occur with persistent nociception or pain have clear implications for movement and, indeed, risk of further injury. Recent rapid advances in our understanding of the brain's representation of the body and the role of cortical representations, or "neurotags," in bodily protection and regulation have given rise to new strategies that are gaining traction in sports medicine...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
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