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Applied sports science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918464/what-s-next-in-complex-networks-capturing-the-concept-of-attacking-play-in-invasive-team-sports
#1
REVIEW
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Duarte Araújo
The evolution of performance analysis within sports sciences is tied to technology development and practitioner demands. However, how individual and collective patterns self-organize and interact in invasive team sports remains elusive. Social network analysis has been recently proposed to resolve some aspects of this problem, and has proven successful in capturing collective features resulting from the interactions between team members as well as a powerful communication tool. Despite these advances, some fundamental team sports concepts such as an attacking play have not been properly captured by the more common applications of social network analysis to team sports performance...
September 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894427/hypernetworks-reveal-compound-variables-that-capture-cooperative-and-competitive-interactions-in-a-soccer-match
#2
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Pedro Marques, Duarte Araújo
The combination of sports sciences theorization and social networks analysis (SNA) has offered useful new insights for addressing team behavior. However, SNA typically represents the dynamics of team behavior during a match in dyadic interactions and in a single cumulative snapshot. This study aims to overcome these limitations by using hypernetworks to describe illustrative cases of team behavior dynamics at various other levels of analyses. Hypernetworks simultaneously access cooperative and competitive interactions between teammates and opponents across space and time during a match...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882274/cdc-s-efforts-to-improve-traumatic-brain-injury-surveillance
#3
Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Lara DePadilla
INTRODUCTION: Youth sports concussion has become a prominent public health issue due to growing concern about the risk of long-term health effects. METHOD: A broad spectrum of stakeholders has convened to propose solutions, including a committee of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) who systematically examined the issue and, in a 2014 report, made a series of recommendations to better address this public health problem. RESULTS: Among these recommendations, the NAS committee called for CDC to develop a plan for a comprehensive surveillance system to better quantify the incidence and outcomes of youth sports concussion among children 5 to 21years of age...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840544/transferring-an-analytical-technique-from-ecology-to-the-sport-sciences
#4
Carl T Woods, Sam Robertson, Neil French Collier, Anne L Swinbourne, Anthony S Leicht
BACKGROUND: Learning transfer is defined as an individual's capability to apply prior learnt perceptual, motor, or conceptual skills to a novel task or performance environment. In the sport sciences, learning transfers have been investigated from an athlete-specific perspective. However, sport scientists should also consider the benefits of cross-disciplinary learning to aid critical thinking and metacognitive skill gained through the interaction with similar quantitative scientific disciplines...
August 24, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734670/population-health-and-regional-variations-of-disease-burden-in-japan-1990-2015-a-systematic-subnational-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#5
Shuhei Nomura, Haruka Sakamoto, Scott Glenn, Yusuke Tsugawa, Sarah K Abe, Md M Rahman, Jonathan C Brown, Satoshi Ezoe, Christina Fitzmaurice, Tsuyoshi Inokuchi, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Norito Kawakami, Yosuke Kita, Naoki Kondo, Stephen S Lim, Satoshi Maruyama, Hiroaki Miyata, Meghan D Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Tomoko Onoda, Erika Ota, Yuji Otake, Gregory A Roth, Eiko Saito, Takahiro Tabuchi, Yohsuke Takasaki, Tadayuki Tanimura, Manami Uechi, Theo Vos, Haidong Wang, Manami Inoue, Christopher J L Murray, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Japan has entered the era of super-ageing and advanced health transition, which is increasingly putting pressure on the sustainability of its health system. The level and pace of this health transition might vary across regions within Japan and concern is growing about increasing regional variations in disease burden. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive, comparable framework. We used data from GBD 2015 with the aim to quantify the burden of disease and injuries, and to attribute risk factors in Japan at a subnational, prefecture-level...
July 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714760/houston-we-still-have-a-problem
#6
Martin Buchheit
Apollo 13 was initially looking like it would be the smoothest flight ever. After the explosion of an oxygen tank however, the astronauts were close to spending the rest of their lives in rotation around the planet. I wished to use this well-known incident to discuss further the link, or lack thereof, between sport sciences research and current field practices. There is a feeling that the academic culture and its publishing requirements have created a bit of an Apollo 13-like orbiting world (e.g., journals and conferences) that is mostly disconnected from the reality of elite performance...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714750/-hand-in-glove-using-qualitative-methods-to-connect-research-and-practice
#7
Liam D Harper, Robert McCunn
Recent work has espoused the idea that within applied sporting environments, 'fast' working practitioners should work together with 'slow' working researchers. However, due to economical and logistical constraints, such a coupling may not always be practical. Therefore, alternative means of combining research and applied practice are needed. A particular methodology, which has been utilized in recent years, is qualitative research. Examples of qualitative methods include the use of online surveys, one-on-one interviews, and focus groups...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600609/-gerontologically-oriented-study-programs-in-germany-critical-review
#8
REVIEW
Eva-Marie Kessler, Andreas Hoff, Annette Franke
The objective of this article is a state-of-the-art analysis and critical reflection of the status quo of gerontologically oriented study programs in higher education in Germany. The major impulse for writing this article was provided by the newly established working group "Gerontological Education", which was inaugurated at the joint annual conference of sections III and IV of the German Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics in Mannheim in 2015. A systematic review of gerontological study programs shows that the number of such programs has increased in Germany over the past decade...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573597/effect-of-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-on-sport-performance-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Sergio Jiménez Morgan, José Arturo Molina Mora
Aim is to determine if the training with heart rate variability biofeedback allows to improve performance in athletes of different disciplines. Methods such as database search on Web of Science, SpringerLink, EBSCO Academic Search Complete, SPORTDiscus, Pubmed/Medline, and PROQUEST Academic Research Library, as well as manual reference registration. The eligibility criteria were: (a) published scientific articles; (b) experimental studies, quasi-experimental, or case reports; (c) use of HRV BFB as main treatment; (d) sport performance as dependent variable; (e) studies published until October 2016; (f) studies published in English, Spanish, French or Portuguese...
June 1, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515836/college-students-knowledge-of-recovery-beverage-serving-sizes
#10
Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel
Previous research suggests that chocolate milk may be a beneficial recovery beverage, yet little is known about how athletes and students training for careers in sports science or health-related fields interpret recommended recovery beverage serving sizes. This study examined college students' ability to correctly apply serving size recommendations for chocolate milk and protein powder used during post-exercise recovery and assessed usual consumption of milk as a recovery beverage. College students (34 women, 39 men) poured the amount of chocolate milk they would consume within 90 minutes after exercise unaided and with the use of a serving size guide...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502384/sports-science-needs-more-interdisciplinary-constraints-led-research-programmes-the-case-of-water-safety-in-new-zealand
#11
C Button, J L Croft
In the lead article of this special issue, Paul Glazier proposes that Newell's constraints model has the potential to contribute to a grand unified theory of sports performance in that it can help to integrate the disciplinary silos that have typically operated in isolation in sports and exercise science. With a few caveats discussed in this commentary, we agree with Glazier's proposal. However, his ideas suggest that there is a need to demonstrate explicitly how such an integration might occur within applied scientific research...
May 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463642/monitoring-athlete-training-loads-consensus-statement
#12
Pitre C Bourdon, Marco Cardinale, Andrew Murray, Paul Gastin, Michael Kellmann, Matthew C Varley, Tim J Gabbett, Aaron J Coutts, Darren J Burgess, Warren Gregson, N Timothy Cable
Monitoring the load placed on athletes in both training and competition has become a very hot topic in sport science. Both scientists and coaches routinely monitor training loads using multidisciplinary approaches, and the pursuit of the best methodologies to capture and interpret data has produced an exponential increase in empirical and applied research. Indeed, the field has developed with such speed in recent years that it has given rise to industries aimed at developing new and novel paradigms to allow us to precisely quantify the internal and external loads placed on athletes and to help protect them from injury and ill health...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418696/eccentric-exercise-kinesiology-tape-and-balance-in-healthy-men
#13
Simona Hosp, Ramona Folie, Robert Csapo, Michael Hasler, Werner Nachbauer
CONTEXT:   Deficits in balance have been identified as a possible risk factor for knee injuries in athletes. Despite a lack of evidence for its effectiveness, kinesiology tape (KT) is widely used to prevent knee injuries. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the influence of KT at the knee joint on balance ability in healthy men after eccentric exercise. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   University laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Twelve young men with no history of lower limb injury volunteered for the study (age = 23...
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284238/applying-current-concepts-in-pain-related-brain-science-to-dance-rehabilitation
#14
Sarah B Wallwork, Valeria Bellan, G Lorimer Moseley
Dance involves exemplary sensory-motor control, which is subserved by sophisticated neural processing at the spinal cord and brain level. Such neural processing is altered in the presence of nociception and pain, and the adaptations within the central nervous system that are known to occur with persistent nociception or pain have clear implications for movement and, indeed, risk of further injury. Recent rapid advances in our understanding of the brain's representation of the body and the role of cortical representations, or "neurotags," in bodily protection and regulation have given rise to new strategies that are gaining traction in sports medicine...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271812/elite-youth-sports-from-best-pediatric-science-practice-to-sports-practice-2016
#15
Craig A Williams
In my 2015 editorial, I selected two research publications with a focus on an applied sports sciences perspective. This year I have chosen to focus on two publications from a methodological viewpoint, highlighting the importance of laboratory procedures and extraction of data through a systematic review respectively. The first publication by Leites and colleagues (J Appl Physiol) addresses questions in relation to thermoregulation and carbohydrate metabolism in young people. This topic is difficult to conduct due to additional ethical and safety concerns due to exercising in the heat...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217419/the-effects-of-varied-tensions-of-kinesiology-taping-on-quadriceps-strength-and-lower-limb-function
#16
Julio Fernandes de Jesus, Yuri Rafael Dos Santos Franco, Stella Bispo Nannini, Gustavo Bezerra Nakaoka, Amir Curcio Dos Reis, Flavio Fernandes Bryk
BACKGROUND: Kinesiology Taping (KT) may promote changes in muscle strength and motor performance, topics of great interest in the sports-medicine sciences. These characteristics are purported to be associated with the tension generated by the KT on the skin. However, the most suitable tension for the attainment of these strength and performance effects has not yet been confirmed. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effects of different tensions of KT on the isometric contraction of the quadriceps and lower limb function of healthy individuals over a period of seven days...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215809/topological-data-analysis-tda-applied-to-reveal-pedogenetic-principles-of-european-topsoil-system
#17
Aleksandar Savic, Gergely Toth, Ludovic Duponchel
Recent developments in applied mathematics are bringing new tools that are capable to synthesize knowledge in various disciplines, and help in finding hidden relationships between variables. One such technique is topological data analysis (TDA), a fusion of classical exploration techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA), and a topological point of view applied to clustering of results. Various phenomena have already received new interpretations thanks to TDA, from the proper choice of sport teams to cancer treatments...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129281/the-science-of-strength-reflections-on-the-national-strength-and-conditioning-association-and-the-emergence-of-research-based-strength-and-conditioning
#18
Jason P Shurley, Janice S Todd, Terry C Todd
Shurley, JP, Todd, JS, and Todd, TC. The science of strength: reflections on the National Strength and Conditioning Association and the emergence of research-based strength and conditioning. J Strength Cond Res 31(2): 517-530, 2017-The National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) formed in 1978 when a group of 76 strength and conditioning coaches banded together to start an organization whose goal was to facilitate the exchange of ideas on strength training for sports. At the time, very little research existed regarding strength training protocols or their effects...
February 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039198/built-environment-and-health-a-systematic-review-of-studies-in-germany
#19
Maike Schulz, Matthias Romppel, Gesine Grande
OBJECTIVES: Empirical research on the relationship between the built environment and health is increasing at a tremendous pace. However, findings from Anglo-American countries may not apply to the European context. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the existing evidence on the role of the built environment for leading risk factors and health behavior in Germany. METHODS: Through an extensive search via PubMed and Web of Science, using predefined selection criteria, two independent reviewers identified 25 empirical studies...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003239/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-football-heading
#20
REVIEW
Anthony P Kontos, Rock Braithwaite, Sara P D Chrisman, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, Larissa Symington, Valerie L Reeves, Michael W Collins
AIM/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide a meta-analysis examining the effects of football heading. DESIGN: Meta-analytical review on football heading effects on neurocognitive performance, cognition and symptom reports. DATA SOURCES: Combinations of the key terms were entered into the following electronic database search engines: Cochrane Libraries, PyscARTICLE, PyscINFO, PubMed, ProQuest, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science on 7 July 2016...
August 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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