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Injury prevention, training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453445/the-effectiveness-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-exercise-approach-cbea-compared-to-usual-care-in-patients-with-a-whiplash-associated-disorder-a-quasi-experimental-clinical-trial
#1
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Davide Perucchini, Joshua A Cleland, Cristina Barbieri, Fernanda de Lima E Sá Resende, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) is a biopsychosocial problem, education may be an essential part in the treatment and the prevention of chronic WAD. However, it is still unclear which type of educative intervention has already been used in WAD patients and how effective such interventions are. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral exercises approach (CBEA) for self-training of the neck relative to usual care in individuals with WAD in acute phase...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447880/resistance-training-in-youth-laying-the-foundation-for-injury-prevention-and-physical-literacy
#2
Christin Zwolski, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Mark V Paterno
CONTEXT: The rising incidence of physical activity- and sports-related injuries has prompted the present-day investigation of resistance training as a potential means of injury prevention and physical literacy development among youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant studies on the topics of athlete development, physical literacy, resistance training, and injury prevention in children and adolescents were reviewed (PubMed and Sports Discus, 1982-2016). Recommendations from consensus guidelines and position statements applicable to resistance training and injury prevention in youth, in addition to young athlete development, were reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446953/neuroprotective-effects-of-exercise-on-brain-edema-and-neurological-movement-disorders-following-the-cerebral-ischemia-and-reperfusion-in-rats
#3
Nabi Shamsaei, Soheila Erfani, Masoud Fereidoni, Ali Shahbazi
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral ischemia and reperfusion causes physiological and biochemical changes in the neuronal cells that will eventually lead to cell damage. Evidence indicates that exercise reduces the ischemia and reperfusion-induced brain damages in animal models of stroke. In the present study, the effect of exercise preconditioning on brain edema and neurological movement disorders following the cerebral ischemia and reperfusion in rats was investigated. METHODS: Twenty-one adult male wistar rats (weighing 260-300 g) were randomly divided into three groups: sham operated, exercise plus ischemia, and ischemia group (7 rats per group)...
January 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446456/injuries-impair-the-chance-of-successful-performance-by-sportspeople-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Michael K Drew, Ben P Raysmith, Paula C Charlton
BACKGROUND: Cost-benefit analyses have been proposed for determining acceptable risk of injury regarding training and competition participation. Currently, there is no best evidence synthesis of the literature evaluating the relationship between injury/illness and chance of success or failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between injury and/or illness and success and/or failure in athletic populations (individual and team sports). METHODS: This review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42016036729) and a systematic electronic search was conducted in May 2016...
April 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435339/compulsive-exercise-links-risks-and-challenges-facedent
#5
REVIEW
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Bolette Emborg, Freja Thomsen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen
Compulsive exercise is a condition described since 1970s. It is characterized by a craving for physical training, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior with harmful consequences, such as injuries and impaired social relations. It has not been accepted as a mental disorder in either International Classification of Diseases or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The aim of this literature review was to critically examine the research on links (comorbidity), risks (negative consequences), and challenges faced (problems in a treatment context)...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419085/neonatal-outcomes-of-moderatelyly-preterm-infants-compared-to-extremely-preterm-infants
#6
Michele C Walsh, Edward F Bell, Sarah Kandefer, Shampa Saha, Waldemar A Carlo, Carl T D'Angio, Abbot R Laptook, Pablo J Sanchez, Barbara J Stoll, Seetha Shankaran, Krisa P Van Meurs, Noah Cook, Rosemary D Higgins, Abhik Das, Nancy S Newman, Kurt Schibler, Barbara Schmidt, C Michael Cotten, Brenda B Poindexter, Kristi L Watterberg, William E Truog
BACKGROUND: Extremely preterm infants (EPT, <29 weeks' gestation) represent only 0.9% of births in the U.S., yet these infants are focus of most published research. Moderately preterm neonates (MPT, 29-33(6/7) weeks), are an understudied group of high-risk infants. METHODS: Objective: To determine the neonatal outcomes of MPT across the gestational age spectrum, and to compare these to EPT. A prospective observational cohort was formed in 18 Level 3-4 NICUs in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419017/the-evaluation-of-trauma-care-the-comparison-of-2-high-level-pediatric-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#7
Alkan Bal, Michael Cooper, Amanda Lee, Murat Anil, Halim Hennes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to compare the outcomes of pediatric trauma patients with motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and motor vehicle versus pedestrian crashes (MPCs) at a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States and a pediatric trauma center in Turkey. METHODS: The medical records of all pediatric MVC and MPC subjects presenting to the emergency departments (EDs) of a level 3 hospital in Turkey (Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital [ITTRH]) and a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States (Children's Medical Center Dallas [CMCD]) over a 1-year period were reviewed...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416172/epidemiology-of-ebolavirus-disease-evd-and-occupational-evd-in-health-care-workers-in-sub-saharan-africa-need-for-strengthened-public-health-preparedness
#8
REVIEW
Nlandu Roger Ngatu, Ntumba Jean-Marie Kayembe, Elayne Kornblatt Phillips, Joa Okech-Ojony, Masika Patou-Musumari, Mukunda Gaspard-Kibukusa, Ndona Madone-Mandina, Mabasi Godefroid-Mayala, Lubogo Mutaawe, Casimir Manzengo, Dimosi Roger-Wumba, Sayumi Nojima
Ebolavirus disease (EVD) is a severe contagious disease in humans, and health care workers (HCW) are at risk of infection when caring for EVD patients. This paper highlights the epidemiologic profile of EVD and its impact on the health care workforce in Africa. A documentary study was conducted which consisted of a review of available literature regarding the epidemiology of EVD, occupational EVD (OEVD), and work safety issues in Sub-Saharan Africa; the literature findings are enriched by field experiences from the authors...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411728/improvements-in-musculoskeletal-health-and-computing-behaviors-effects-of-a-macroergonomics-office-workplace-and-training-intervention
#9
Michelle M Robertson, Yueng Hsiang Huang, Jin Lee
Computer use and its association with musculoskeletal and visual symptoms is an escalating concern. Organizations are shifting to a more proactive injury prevention perspective. Accordingly, a macroergonomics intervention consisting of flexible workplace design and office ergonomics training was designed to examine the effects on worker's computing behaviors, postures, and musculoskeletal discomfort, and their relationship to psychosocial factors. Participants were assigned to either group: 1) no-intervention control 2) flexible Workplace-only (WP-only), and 3) flexible Workplace + Training (WP+T)...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409510/combined-osteopathy-and-exercise-management-of-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-athlete-a-case-report
#10
Georgia Ross, Chris Macfarlane, Brett Vaughan
Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy is a common injury in sporting populations. There is conflicting evidence about the best approach to conservative management. This report focuses on the rehabilitation of an Achilles tendinopathy utilising osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) and a structured exercise program in a semi-professional volleyballer. The patient presented with a 4-month history of right mid-portion Achilles tendon pain that begun after a lateral inversion sprain of the right ankle. The primary complaint was pain impacting the patients vertical jump performance...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395357/development-of-the-safety-score-a-clinical-screening-tool-for-predicting-future-firearm-violence-risk
#11
Jason E Goldstick, Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Linda L Dahlberg, Steven A Sumner, Marc A Zimmerman, Rebecca M Cunningham
Background: Interpersonal firearm violence among youth is a substantial public health problem, and emergency department (ED) physicians require a clinical screening tool to identify high-risk youth. Objective: To derive a clinically feasible risk index for firearm violence. Design: 24-month prospective cohort study. Setting: Urban level 1 ED. Participants: Substance-using youths, age 14 to 24 years, seeking ED care for an assault-related injury and a proportionately sampled group of non-assault-injured youth enrolled from September 2009 through December 2011...
April 11, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391147/influence-of-a-pelvic-floor-training-programme-to-prevent-perineal-trauma-a-quasi-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Fatima Leon-Larios, Isabel Corrales-Gutierrez, Rosa Casado-Mejía, Carmen Suarez-Serrano
BACKGROUND: perineal injury is common after birth and may be caused by tears or episiotomy or both. Perineal massage has been shown to prevent episiotomies in primiparous women. On the other hand, pelvic floor exercises might have an influence by shortening the first and second stages of labour in the primigravida. AIM: the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a pelvic floor training following a birth programme on perineal trauma. DESIGN: a single-blind quasi-randomized controlled trial with two groups: standard care and intervention...
March 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391085/relationships-between-needle-and-syringe-programs-and-police-an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-potential-role-of-in-service-training
#13
Carol Strike, Tara Marie Watson
BACKGROUND: Training police on the public health benefits of needle and syringe programs (NSPs) is viewed as a best practice to facilitate more collaborative relationships between police and these programs. To date, while the limited published literature contains promising cases of harm reduction in-service training for police, evaluative evidence is preliminary. METHODS: Using an online survey, we asked NSP managers across Canada about their programs and the quality of their NSP-police relationships...
March 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389864/does-the-fifa-11-%C3%A2-injury-prevention-program-reduce-the-incidence-of-acl-injury-in-male-soccer-players
#14
Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Mario Bizzini, Amelia Arundale, Bert R Mandelbaum, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: The FIFA 11+ injury prevention program has been shown to decrease the risk of soccer injuries in men and women. The program has also been shown to decrease time loss resulting from injury. However, previous studies have not specifically investigated how the program might impact the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in male soccer players. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to examine if the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program can (1) reduce the overall number of ACL injuries in men who play competitive college soccer and whether any potential reduction in rate of ACL injuries differed based on (2) game versus practice setting; (3) player position; (4) level of play (Division I or II); or (5) field type...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387550/a-multifactorial-approach-to-sport-related-concussion-prevention-and-education-application-of-the-socioecological-framework
#15
Johna Register-Mihalik, Christine Baugh, Emily Kroshus, Zachary Y Kerr, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
OBJECTIVE: To offer an overview of sport-related concussion (SRC) prevention and education strategies in the context of the socioecological framework (SEF). Athletic trainers (ATs) will understand the many factors that interact to influence SRC prevention and the implications of these interactions for effective SRC education. BACKGROUND: Concussion is a complex injury that is challenging to identify and manage, particularly when athletes fail to disclose symptoms to their health care providers...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384034/difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-and-risky-driving-among-lithuanian-drivers
#16
Laura Šeibokaitė, Auksė Endriulaitienė, Mark J M Sullman, Rasa Markšaitytė, Kristina Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė
BACKGROUND: Risky driving is a common cause of traffic accidents and injuries. However, there is no clear evidence of how difficulties in emotion regulation contribute to risky driving behaviour, particularly in small Post-Soviet countries. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between difficulties in emotion regulation and self-reported risky driving behaviour in a sample of Lithuanian drivers. METHODS: A total of 246 non-professional Lithuanian drivers participated in a cross-sectional survey...
April 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377115/this-is-your-new-normal-a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-physical-activity-in-veterans-with-lower-extremity-loss
#17
Alyson J Littman, Erin D Bouldin, Jodie K Haselkorn
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) is essential for aging well with a disability, preventing the onset or worsening of chronic conditions, functional loss, and maintaining or improving quality of life, yet PA levels are low in those with disabilities, including those with a lower extremity amputation (LEA). OBJECTIVE: To determine methods for promoting PA in this population, our objective was to better understand the barriers and facilitators to PA that persons with LEA face...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376966/effectiveness-of-educational-interventions-on-fireworks-related-injuries-among-schoolboys
#18
Masood Naseripour, Reza Hamidian, Gary A Smith, Soheil Saadat
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effectiveness of educational interventions in increasing the perceived risk of fireworks and preventing fireworks-related injuries among male teenagers. METHODS: In a field trial, using a cluster sampling approach, 3 high-, middle- and low-income municipality districts were selected. In each district, 5 male middle and high schools were randomly selected and assigned into one control and 4 intervention groups: (1) distribution of a multimedia disk regarding injury victims; (2) distribution of safety brochures; (3) mailing to parents from schools discussing the risk of fireworks and limiting the fireworks budget; and (4) peer-to-peer education by trained students about the risks of fireworks...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369286/a-2-year-follow-up-after-a-2-year-rct-with-vitamin-d-and-exercise-effects-on-falls-injurious-falls-and-physical-functioning-among-older-women
#19
Kirsti Uusi-Rasi, Radhika Patil, Saija Karinkanta, Pekka Kannus, Kari Tokola, Christel Lamberg-Allardt, Harri Sievänen
Background: Both exercise and vitamin D are recommended means to prevent falls among older adults, but their combined effects on fall-induced injuries are scarcely studied. Methods: A 2-year follow-up of a previous 2-year randomized controlled trial with vitamin D and exercise (Ex) of 409 older home-dwelling women using a factorial 2 × 2 design (D-Ex-, D+Ex-, D-Ex+, D+Ex+). Besides monthly fall diaries, femoral neck bone mineral density (fn-BMD), and physical functioning were assessed at 1 and 2 years after the intervention...
March 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367290/analysis-of-medical-disputes-regarding-chronic-pain-management-in-the-2009-2016-period-using-the-korean-society-of-anesthesiologists-database
#20
Jin Young Lee, Duk Kyung Kim, Da Woon Jung, Jae Young Yang, Dae Yoon Kim
BACKGROUND: The active involvement of anesthesiologists in chronic pain management has been associated with an increase in the number of related medical dispute cases. METHODS: Using the Korean Society of Anesthesiologists Legislation Committee database covering case files from July 2009 to June 2016, we explored injuries and liability characteristics in a subset of cases involving chronic pain management. RESULTS: During the study period, 58 cases were eligible for final analysis...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
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