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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645042/the-changing-health-priorities-of-earthquake-response-and-implications-for-preparedness-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
C Cartwright, M Hall, A C K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Earthquakes have substantial impacts on mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The academic evidence base to support Disaster Risk Reduction activities in LMIC settings is, however, limited. We sought to address this gap by identifying the health and healthcare impacts of earthquakes in LMICs and to identify the implications of these findings for future earthquake preparedness. STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken with systematic searches of indexed databases to identify relevant literature...
June 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642247/clinical-benefit-of-the-fifa-11-programme-for-the-prevention-of-hamstring-and-lateral-ankle-ligament-injuries-among-amateur-soccer-players
#2
Rauf Nouni-Garcia, Concepcion Carratala-Munuera, Domingo Orozco-Beltran, Adriana Lopez-Pineda, María Rosario Asensio-Garcia, Vicente F Gil-Guillen
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between the implementation of 'the 11' protocol during the regular season in a men's amateur soccer team and the rate of hamstring and lateral ankle ligament (LAL) injuries, and to estimate the clinical benefit of the programme according to the type of injury and the position field. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted in two different men's amateur soccer teams. During two seasons, the exposed group (43 players) performed 'the 11' protocol twice a week, and the unexposed group (43 players) performed the regular training programme...
June 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641058/acute-kinematics-changes-in-marathon-runners-using-different-footwear
#3
Tania Socorro Amorim Soares, Camila Fonseca de Oliveira, Federico Pizzuto, Rui Manuel Garganta, João Paulo Vila-Boas, Mario Casimiro da Anunciação Paiva
The effects of running with or without shoes on injury prevention have been extensively studied, and several investigations have assessed biomechanical differences between them. However, findings are not consensual and further insights on biomechanical load associated with differently shod or barefoot conditions may be needed. This study aimed to observe if habitually shod marathon runners show acute alterations when running barefoot or with minimalist shoes, and to determine whether the running kinematical adaptations of wearing minimalist shoes were similar to barefoot running...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632046/targeting-associated-mechanisms-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-female-community-level-athletes
#4
Jonathan M D Staynor, Joanna C Nicholas, Gillian Weir, Jacqueline A Alderson, Cyril J Donnelly
This study aims to determine if biomechanically informed injury prevention training can reduce associated factors of anterior cruciate ligament injury risk among a general female athletic population. Female community-level team sport athletes, split into intervention (n = 8) and comparison groups (n = 10), completed a sidestepping movement assessment prior to and following a 9-week training period, in which kinetic, kinematic and neuromuscular data were collected. The intervention group completed a biomechanically informed training protocol, consisting of plyometric, resistance and balance exercises, adjunct to normal training, for 15-20 min twice a week...
February 24, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631287/incidental-findings-of-implant-complications-on-postimplantation-cbcts-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Danielle Clark, Horia Barbu, Adi Lorean, Eitan Mijiritsky, Liran Levin
BACKGROUND: Survival rates of dental implants are reported to be very high and seem to indicate minimal complications related to dental implants. PURPOSE: The aim of this report was to evaluate in a cross-sectional study the prevalence of implant positioning complications as appears in postimplantation Cone-Beam Computerized Tomography (CBCT) in two of the major imaging facilities in Bucharest, Romania. METHODS: Demographic and implant data was collected from two of the three main CBCT facilities in Bucharest, Romania...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629581/impact-of-a-teamstepps-trauma-nurse-academy-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#6
V Kristen Peters, Ellen M Harvey, Andi Wright, Jennifer Bath, Dan Freeman, Bryan Collier
PROBLEM: Nurses are crucial members of the team caring for the acutely injured trauma patient. Until recently, nurses and physicians gained an understanding of leadership and supportive roles separately. With the advent of a multidisciplinary team approach to trauma care, formal team training and simulation has transpired. METHODS: Since 2007, our Level I trauma system has integrated TeamSTEPPS (Team Strategies & Tools to Enhance Performance & Patient Safety; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD) into our clinical care, joint training of nurses and physicians, using simulations with participation of all health care providers...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629275/applying-learning-theory-to-safety-and-health-training-for-hispanic-immigrant-dairy-workers
#7
Patricia M Juárez-Carrillo, Amy K Liebman, Iris Anne C Reyes, Yurany V Ninco Sánchez, Matthew C Keifer
We designed a safety and health curriculum for dairy immigrant workers aiming to increase knowledge, encourage safe behavior, and reduce worker communication inequalities to prevent occupational injury and diseases. The design is largely based on the Taxonomy of Significant Learning and incorporated behavioral and adult learning theories and principles of occupational hazard control. Trainings were implemented with 836 Spanish-speaking workers from 67 farms in Wisconsin. Sixty-seven percent of workers reported never being trained before in dairy safety, 65% of these worked in dairy for 5 or fewers years, and 26% of workers reported being ever injured while working on dairy...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628603/field-and-en-route-resuscitative-endovascular-occlusion-of-the-aorta-a-feasible-military-reality
#8
Viktor A Reva, Tal M Hörer, Andrey I Makhnovskiy, Mikhail V Sokhranov, Igor M Samokhvalov, Joseph J DuBose
BACKGROUND: Severe noncompressible torso hemorrhage remains a leading cause of potentially preventable death in modern military conflicts. Resuscitative endovascular occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has demonstrated potential as an effective adjunct to the treatment of noncompressible torso hemorrhage in the civilian early hospital and even prehospital settings-but the application of this technology for military prehospital use has not been well described. We aimed to assess the feasibility of both field and en route prehospital REBOA in the military exercise setting, simulating a modern armed conflict...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621015/perturbation-based-balance-training-for-falls-reduction-among-older-adults-current-evidence-and-implications-for-clinical-practice
#9
REVIEW
Marissa H G Gerards, Christopher McCrum, Avril Mansfield, Kenneth Meijer
Falls are a leading cause of injury, hospitalization and even death among older adults. Although various strength and balance exercise interventions have shown moderate reductions in falls incidence among healthy older adults, no significant falls incidence improvements have been consistently seen in frail older adults or in patient groups with an increased falls risk (e.g. people with Parkinson's disease and stroke). This might be due to a lack of task specificity of previous exercise interventions to the recovery actions required to prevent a fall...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619609/recommendations-to-prevent-shoulder-and-elbow-injuries-due-to-over-training-in-elementary-school-baseball-players
#10
EDITORIAL
Kenji Takagishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610875/identification-and-risk-estimation-of-movement-strategies-during-cutting-maneuvers
#12
Sina David, Igor Komnik, Markus Peters, Johannes Funken, Wolfgang Potthast
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 70% of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries occur in non-contact situations during cutting and landing maneuvers. Parameters such as footstrike patterns and trunk orientation were found to influence ACL relevant knee loading, however, the relationship between the whole body movement and injury risk is debated. This study identifies whole body movement strategies that increase injury risk, and provides training recommendations to reduce this risk or enable a save return to sports after injury...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609379/pediatric-moped-related-injuries-in-the-u-s-from-2002-2014-age-related-comparisons-of-mechanisms-and-outcomes
#13
Nathaniel K Johnson, Brandon M Johnson, Gerene M Denning, Charles A Jennissen
INTRODUCTION: Mopeds are a popular means of transportation, especially in urban areas. However, few studies have investigated moped-related injuries in the United States. This study's goal was to compare the crash mechanisms and injuries suffered in moped-related crashes involving youth versus adults, as well as between younger and older children. METHODS: Descriptive and comparative analyses were performed using National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data and additional variables coded from injury narratives...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609149/react-a-paraprofessional-training-program-for-first-responders-a-pilot-study
#14
Madeline R Marks, Clint Bowers, Natasha S DePesa, Benjamin Trachik, Frances E Deavers, Nicholas T James
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a newly designed peer support training program for first responders titled Recognize, Evaluate, Advocate, Coordinate, and Track (REACT). REACT was developed in partnership with public safety agencies to address the need for promoting psychological health. This resulted in the development of a program that uses train-the-trainer methodology to address primary prevention of stress injuries. REACT was an all-day training that consisted of four modules, each featuring instruction and practice...
2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605232/sensorimotor-control-of-the-shoulder-in-professional-volleyball-players-with-isolated-infraspinatus-muscle-atrophy
#15
Samuele Contemori, Andrea Biscarini, Fabio Massimo Botti, Daniele Busti, Roberto Panichi, Vito Enrico Pettorossi
CONTEXT: Isolated infraspinatus muscle atrophy (IIMA) only affects the hitting shoulder of overhead-activity athletes, and is caused by suprascapular nerve neuropathy. No study has assessed the static and dynamic stability of the shoulder in overhead professional athletes with IIMA to reveal possible shoulder sensorimotor alterations. OBJECTIVE: To assess the shoulder static stability, dynamic stability, and strength in professional volleyball players with IIMA and in healthy control players...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605065/injuries-in-youth-track-and-field-are-perceived-to-have-multiple-level-causes-that-call-for-ecological-holistic-developmental-interventions-a-national-sporting-community-perceptions-and-experiences
#16
Jenny Jacobsson, Daniel Bergin, Toomas Timpka, James M Nyce, Örjan Dahlström
Engaging in competitive sports as a youth can have many health benefits, but recent studies also report a high risk for injury. The long-term purpose of this Swedish research program is to develop a framework for safe track and field training for young athletes (aged 12-15 years). The aim of this study was to establish what is perceived to contribute and cause injuries in youth track and field by compiling the best available experiential knowledge about the underlying factors and use this knowledge to identify appropriate areas to handle these in practical ways...
June 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603874/impact-of-rest-duration-on-achilles-tendon-structure-and-function-following-isometric-training
#17
C M Waugh, T Alktebi, A de Sa, A Scott
Intervention programs are often sought to strengthen the Achilles tendon (AT) due to its high injury rate. Long rest periods between loading cycles have been found to increase collagen synthesis by tenocytes, suggesting rest duration may be important for tendon adaptation in vivo, however exercise programs comparing long and short rest duration have not been directly compared. Fourteen adults completed a 12-week progressive training intervention; training sessions consisted of 5 x 10 isometric plantarflexion contractions each of 3-s duration performed at 90% of MVC three times weekly...
June 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603569/pediatric-acl-injuries-a-review-of-current-concepts
#18
Vikas Trivedi, Panna Mishra, Deepankar Verma
BACKGROUND: The number of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries reported in skeletally immature athletes has increased over the past 2 decades. The reasons for this increased rate include the growing number of children and adolescents participating in competitive sports vigorous sports training at an earlier age and greater rate of diagnosis because of increased awareness and greater use of advanced medical imaging. There is a growing need for a consensus and evidence based approach for management of these injuries to frame a dedicated age specific treatment strategy...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599045/stress-fractures-etiology-epidemiology-diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention
#19
Joseph J Knapik, Katy Reynolds, Kyle L Hoedebecke
Stress fractures are part of a continuum of changes in healthy bones in response to repeated mechanical deformation from physical activity. If the activity produces excessive repetitive stress, osteoclastic processes in the bone may proceed at a faster pace than osteoblastic processes, thus weakening the bone and augmenting susceptibility to stress fractures. Overall stress fracture incidence is about three cases per 1,000 in active duty Servicemembers, but it is much higher among Army basic trainees: 19 per 1,000 for men and 80 per 1,000 for women...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599014/effect-of-the-alexander-technique-on-muscle-activation-movement-kinematics-and-performance-quality-in-collegiate-violinists-and-violists-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#20
Rachelle C Wolf, Harvey P Thurmer, William P Berg, Henry E Cook, L James Smart
Musicians are trained to attend to aural and visual senses, to the detriment of kinesthetic awareness, which often results in unnecessary muscle tension and narrowed attentional focus. The Alexander technique (AT) addresses these concerns by approaching action using a process of whole-body consciousness. Incorporation of AT concepts into skill practice may reduce static tension in playing and result in both prevention of injury and improved quality of performance, but objective evidence of these effects is lacking...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
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