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Injury prevention, training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044068/needle-stick-injuries-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-hospital-incidence-management-outcomes-and-recommendations
#1
Ekta Rishi, B Shantha, Abhinav Dhami, Pukhraj Rishi, Hannah C Rajapriya
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the incidence, management, and outcomes for needle stick injuries (NSIs) in a tertiary eye-care hospital and provide appropriate recommendations for its prevention. METHODS: This was a retrospective database review of NSI recorded between 2010 and 2015 at a tertiary eye care center. All staff members who had NSI were managed with standard treatment protocol. The mode, location, health-care workers affected and/or at risk for NSI were analyzed...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043432/recent-advances-in-pharmacological-hormonal-and-nutritional-intervention-for-sarcopenia
#2
REVIEW
Kunihiro Sakuma, Akihiko Yamaguchi
Sarcopenia, the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass, is characterized by a deterioration of muscle quantity and quality leading to a gradual slowing of movement, a decline in strength and power, increased risk of fall-related injury, and often frailty. This review focuses on the recent advances of pharmacological, hormonal, and nutritional approaches for attenuating sarcopenia. The article is composed of the data reported in many basic and some clinical studies for mammalian muscles. Resistance training combined with amino acid-containing supplements is the gold standard to prevent sarcopenia...
October 18, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043086/hepatitis-b-vaccination-coverage-and-the-determinants-of-vaccination-among-health-care-workers-in-selected-health-facilities-in-lusaka-district-zambia-an-exploratory-study
#3
Namwaka Mungandi, Mpundu Makasa, Patrick Musonda
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is a viral infection of the liver and causes both acute and chronic disease. It is transmitted through contact with an infected person's bodily fluids. It is an occupational hazard for healthcare workers and can be prevented by the administration of a vaccine. It is recommended that healthcare workers be vaccinated against vaccine preventable diseases including hepatitis B. The study objective was to determine the prevalence and determinants of hepatitis B vaccination among healthcare workers in selected health facilities in Lusaka...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036872/factors-influencing-the-occupational-injuries-of-physical-therapists-in-taiwan-a-hierarchical-linear-model-approach
#4
Yu-Hui Tao, Yu-Lung Wu, Wan-Yun Huang
BACKGROUND: The evidence literature suggests that physical therapy practitioners are subjected to a high probability of acquiring work-related injuries, but only a few studies have specifically investigated Taiwanese physical therapy practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the relationships among individual and group hospital-level factors that contribute to the medical expenses for the occupational injuries of physical therapy practitioners in Taiwan...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035984/risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-injuries-among-contemporary-dance-students
#5
Christine van Seters, Rogier M van Rijn, Marienke van Middelkoop, Janine H Stubbe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether student characteristics, lower-extremity kinematics, and strength are risk factors for sustaining lower-extremity injuries in preprofessional contemporary dancers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Codarts University of the Arts. PATIENTS: Forty-five first-year students of Bachelor Dance and Bachelor Dance Teacher. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: At the beginning of the academic year, the injury history (only lower-extremity) and student characteristics (age, sex, educational program) were assessed using a questionnaire...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027507/development-of-an-mhealth-trauma-registry-in-the-middle-east-using-an-implementation-science-framework
#6
Amber Mehmood, Edward Chan, Katharine Allen, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Ali Al-Busaidi, Jehan Al-Abri, Mohamed Al-Yazidi, Abdullah Al-Maniri, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Trauma registries (TRs) play a vital role in the assessment of trauma care, but are often underutilized in countries with a high burden of injuries. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether information and communications technology (ICT) such as mobile health (mHealth) could enable the design of a tablet-based application for healthcare professionals. This would be used to inform trauma care and acquire surveillance data for injury control and prevention in Oman...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026520/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-sustained-by-australian-osteopaths-qualitative-analysis-of-effects-on-practitioner-health-clinical-practice-and-patient-care
#7
Gopi Anne McLeod, Katerina Annels, Jessica Cohen, Samuel Edwards, Daniel Hodgins, Brett Vaughan
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature that explores the experiences of osteopaths injured while engaging in clinical practice. Evidence from other similar health professions has described the numerous effects of work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WRMI). Work-related musculoskeletal injury refers to trauma to joints, ligaments, muscles and tendons resulting from injury sustained while undertaking work duties. This research aimed to gain a contextualised understanding of the experiences of osteopaths who have sustained a work-related musculoskeletal injury while performing clinical practice...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025455/the-burden-of-gunshot-injuries-on-orthopaedic-healthcare-resources-in-south-africa
#8
Case Martin, Gerhard Thiart, Graham McCollum, Stephen Roche, Sithombo Maqungo
BACKGROUND: Injuries inflicted by gunshot wounds (GSWs) are an immense burden on the South African (SA) healthcare system. In 2005, Allard and Burch estimated SA state hospitals treated approximately 127 000 firearm victims annually and concluded that the cost of treating an abdominal GSW was approximately USD1 467 per patient. While the annual number of GSW injuries has decreased over the past decade, an estimated 54 870 firearm-related injuries occurred in SA in 2012. No study has estimated the burden of these GSWs from an orthopaedic perspective...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023149/benign-posttraumatic-pseudopneumoperitoneum
#9
Stephen S Currin, Cameron D A Simmers, Gregory P Tarr, Gregory J Harkness, S Ali Mirjalili
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to retrospectively determine the anatomic distribution of chest wall ectopic gas resembling pneumoperitoneum (i.e., pseudopneumoperitoneum) and its relationship with trauma mechanisms and clinical outcomes using CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Investigators from two separate trauma referral centers screened 492 chest, abdomen, and pelvis CT examinations of patients who had sustained any form of trauma between 2010 and 2015. After excluding 186 patients with recognized causes of ectopic gas, 306 patients (211 men and 95 women; mean age, 44...
October 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022267/cardiac-fibrosis-the-beneficial-effects-of-exercise-in-cardiac-fibrosis
#10
Jan Kyselovič, John J Leddy
Numerous scientific findings have concluded that individuals who are active tend to develop less cardiovascular disease than those who enjoy more sedentary lifestyles. Animal models have further demonstrated that the beneficial effects of training on the heart effects of training are related to the signaling pathways of myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis. As such, fibroblasts represent a very important population of cells within the myocardium as they play a crucial role in both cardiac development and response to injury...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021719/%C3%A3-tude-des-accidents-%C3%A3-lectriques-d%C3%A2-origine-professionnelle-%C3%A3-yaound%C3%A3
#11
L J Owona Manga, M Kouassi Yao
The frequency of work-related electrical injuries has dropped but their characteristics remain unknown in our country. This survey aimed to describe the work-related electrical injuries that occurred in Yaounde during the period 2005-2014. The study was carried out in Yaounde-based central level hospitals from February 1st, 2015 to May 10th, 2015. Data from the files of the victims of these accidents were collated and analyzed. Socio-demographic, professional and epidemiological data were described and results were presented in descriptive mode...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019743/injury-prevention-in-male-youth-soccer-current-practices-and-perceptions-of-practitioners-working-at-elite-english-academies
#12
Paul J Read, Pablo Jimenez, Jon L Oliver, Rhodri S Lloyd
Forty-one practitioners inclusive of physiotherapists, sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches from the academies of elite soccer clubs in the United Kingdom completed an on-line questionnaire which examined their: (1) background information; (2) perceptions of injury occurrence and risk factors; (3) screening and return to play; and (4) approach to designing and delivering injury prevention programmes with a response rate of 55% (41/75). Contact injuries were the most common mechanism reported and players between 13-16 years of age were perceived to be at the greatest risk...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994332/ultrasonography-findings-and-physical-examination-outcomes-in-dancers-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain
#13
Itzhak Siev-Ner, Myriam D Stern, Shay Tenenbaum, Alexander Blankstein, Aviva Zeev, Nili Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether a physical examination for patello-femoral pain (PFP) is related to ultrasonography findings at the knee, and to identify possible factors related to PFP in young dancers. METHODS: Sixty-seven young female dancers (7th grade, aged 12.8±0.5) from three schools with identical special dance programs were included in the study. All the dancers were interviewed for demographic details, dance background, and training intensity; were evaluated for anthropometric measurements; underwent physical examination of both knees for PFP and for knee range of motion (ROM); and, had ultrasonography assessment for pathologies and of anatomical parts of their knees...
October 10, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988203/firearms-training-what-is-actually-taught
#14
David Hemenway, Steven Rausher, Pina Violano, Toby A Raybould, Catherine W Barber
INTRODUCTION: Firearm safety instructors and public health professionals are natural allies in the quest to prevent firearm injuries. We audited basic firearm classes to provide information that can help familiarise public health professionals and others with the content covered. METHODS: With the advice of expert instructors, we created an audit form. Volunteers audited 20 basic firearm classes in seven north-eastern states. RESULTS: All trainers covered a wide variety of safety issues...
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987765/impaired-perceived-timing-of-falls-in-the-elderly
#15
Julian Lupo, Michael Barnett-Cowan
Falls are the leading cause of injury-related deaths and hospitalizations, with older adults at an increased risk. As humans age, physical changes and health conditions make falls more likely. While we know how the body reflexively responds to prevent injury during a fall, we know little about how people perceive the fall itself. We previously found that young adults required a fall to precede a comparison sound stimulus by approximately 44ms to perceive the two events as simultaneous. This may relate to common anecdotal reports suggesting that humans often describe distortions in their perception of time - time seems to slow down during a fall - with very little recollection of how and when the fall began...
September 28, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986087/risk-factors-for-injury-associated-with-low-moderate-and-high-mileage-road-marching-in-a-u-s-army-infantry-brigade
#16
Anna Schuh-Renner, Tyson L Grier, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Veronique D Hauschild, Tanja C Roy, Jeremy Fletcher, Bruce H Jones
OBJECTIVES: Road marching is an important physical training activity that prepares soldiers for a common occupational task. Continued exploration of risk factors for road marching-related injuries is needed. This analysis has assessed the association between modifiable characteristics of physical training and injury risk. METHODS: Injuries in the previous 6 months were captured by survey from 831 U.S. Army infantry soldiers. Road marching-related injuries were reported as those attributed to road marching on foot for specified distances while carrying equipment...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983841/evidence-based-concepts-for-prevention-of-knee-and-acl-injuries-2017-guidelines-of-the-ligament-committee-of-the-german-knee-society-dkg
#17
Julian Mehl, Theresa Diermeier, Elmar Herbst, Andreas B Imhoff, Thomas Stoffels, Thore Zantop, Wolf Petersen, Andrea Achtnich
INTRODUCTION: Knee injuries and especially anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are frequent in athletes. Therefore, primary and secondary prevention of sports-related lower limb injuries is an ongoing topic of interest. The aim of present study was to establish guidelines for the prevention of knee and ACL injuries on the basis of evidence-based concepts represented in current literature. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review regarding prevention programs for knee and ACL injuries was conducted...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979857/osteoarthritis-action-alliance-consensus-opinion-best-practice-features-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-lower-limb-injury-prevention-programs
#18
Thomas Trojian, Jeffrey Driban, Rathna Nuti, Lindsay Distefano, Hayley Root, Cristina Nistler, Cynthia LaBella
AIM: To identify best practice features of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and lower limb injury prevention programs (IPPs) to reduce osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This consensus statement started with us performing a systematic literature search for all relevant articles from 1960 through January 2017 in PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL. The search strategy combined the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) and keywords for terms: (1) ACL OR "knee injury" OR "anterior cruciate ligament"; (2) "prevention and control" OR "risk reduction" OR "injury prevention" OR "neuromuscular training"; and (3) meta-analysis OR "systematic review" OR "cohort study" OR randomized...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979634/delayed-brachial-artery-reconstruction-after-traumatic-injury-a-case-for-sustainment-of-surgical-intervention
#19
Kelechi Emmanuel Okonta, Emmanuel Ossai Ocheli, Tombari Joseph Gbeneol
The brachial artery is the commonest artery injured in the extremities. Although the patients present late, nevertheless reconstructions is advocated in other to salvage the limb and maintain function of the hand. We retrospectively examined 25 consecutive patients with vascular injuries treated at The Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Unit of a tertiary health centre over a period of 4 years. We assessed the pre-tertiary methods of stopping of bleeding injured brachial arteries, mechanisms of injury, associated injuries, treatment and the outcome following vascular repair in terms of functionality of the forearm and the volume of the radial pulsation...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976815/dissemination-and-implementation-strategies-of-lower-extremity-preventive-training-programs-in-youth-a-clinical-review
#20
Lindsay J DiStefano, Barnett S Frank, Hayley J Root, Darin A Padua
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular preventive training programs effectively reduce injury and improve performance in youth athletes. However, program effectiveness is directly linked to program compliance, fidelity, and dosage. Preventive training programs are not widely adopted by youth sport coaches. One way to promote widespread dissemination and compliance is to identify implementation strategies that influence program adoption and maintenance. It is unknown how previously published programs have followed the elements of an implementation framework...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
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