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Injury prevention, training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660153/subchondral-bone-microdamage-accumulation-in-distal-metacarpus-of-thoroughbred-racehorses
#1
R C Whitton, B A Ayodele, P L Hitchens, E J Mackie
BACKGROUND: Microdamage accumulation leads to subchondral bone injury and/or fracture in racehorses. An understanding of this process is essential for developing strategies for injury prevention. OBJECTIVES: To quantify subchondral bone microdamage in the third metacarpal bone of Thoroughbred racehorses at different stages of the training cycle. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Bone blocks from the palmar aspect of the medial condyles of third metacarpal bones from 46 racing Thoroughbred horses undergoing post mortem were examined with micro computed tomography (microCT) to detect calcified microcracks, and light microscopy to quantify bulk stained microcracks...
April 16, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658521/ratios-of-torques-of-antagonist-muscle-groups-in-female-soccer-players
#2
Artur Struzik, Adam Siemieński, Tadeusz Bober, Bogdan Pietraszewski
PURPOSE: An increase in the value of the hamstring-to-quadriceps (H/Q) ratio with an increase in angular velocity may effectively prevent injuries of the back of the thigh. Previous studies have found that the conventional H/Q ratio was unaltered along with an increasing angular velocity in females. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationships between the conventional H/Q ratio and angular velocity in a group of female soccer players. METHODS: The study was carried out on a group of 16 female soccer players (age: 20...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657436/upper-extremity-weightlifting-injuries-diagnosis-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Kayvon Golshani, Mark E Cinque, Peter O'Halloran, Kenneth Softness, Laura Keeling, J Ryan Macdonell
Common upper extremity injuries in resistance training athletes include muscle strains, ligament sprains, pectoralis major tendon ruptures, distal biceps tendon ruptures, and chronic shoulder pain and capsulolabral injuries. While each injury is unique in its specific anatomic location and mechanism, each is preventable with proper exercise technique, safety and maintenance of muscle balance. Conservative treatment is the therapeutic modality of choice and these injuries generally resolve with workout modification, appropriate recovery, anti-inflammatory medication, and physical therapy...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650429/-emergency-department-consultations-associated-with-unintentional-injuries-a-cases-series
#4
Cristina Arribas Sánchez, Eduardo J Bardón Cancho, Arístides Rivas García, Santiago Mintegi, Rafael Marañón Pardillo
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of children who are attended in Emergency Departments (EDs) for an unintentional injury in Spain. METHODS: Multicentre case series with prospective data collection conducted during 12 months in the ED of 11 hospitals belonging to the Spanish Paediatric Emergency Research Group. Data were collected between September 2014 and January 2015, continuing for one year in all paediatric EDs, and included children between 0 and 16 years old seen for an unintentional injury...
April 9, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650178/the-effective-needle-stick-injury-prevention-strategies-for-nursing-students-in-the-clinical-settings-a-literature-review
#5
Hanny Handiyani, L Meily Kurniawidjaja, Dewi Irawaty, Rita Damayanti
OBJECTIVE: Nursing students are prone to needle stick injuries (NSIs) during their practice in the hospitals. This study aimed to identify the effective NSI prevention strategies for nursing students in the clinical settings. METHOD: Literature review was performed using the databases of ScienceDirect, ProQuest, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, CINAHL, SpringerLink, JSTOR, and PubMed. The search terms of "nursing students", "NSI incidents", "prevention", and "clinical settings" were entered, generating 103 articles published between 1991 and 2015...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629333/evaluation-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-toward-occupational-blood-exposure-accidents-at-the-end-of-the-dental-training-program
#6
Abdelhadi Hbibi, Jalal Kasouati, Reda Charof, Souad Chaouir, Karima El Harti
Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding occupational blood exposure accidents (OBEA) among dental students at the end of the whole dental education program. Materials and Methods: The survey was performed using a student self-administered questionnaire during July 2015 in the dental teaching hospital in Rabat. It was conducted on 117 dental students registered in the 5th year. The results were analyzed by SPSS Software, Version 13...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621721/interventions-and-controls-to-prevent-emergency-service-vehicle-incidents-a-mixed-methods-review
#7
David P Bui, Samantha Balland, Casey Giblin, Alesia Jung, Sandy Kramer, Abigail Peng, Marie Corazon Ponce Aquino, Stephanie Griffin, Dustin D French, Keshia Pollack Porter, Steve Crothers, Jefferey L Burgess
BACKGROUND: Emergency service vehicle incidents (ESVI), including crashes, rollovers, and roadside struck-by-incidents, are a leading cause of occupational fatality and injury among firefighters and other emergency responders. Though there are numerous strategies and interventions to prevent ESVIs, the evidence base for these strategies is limited and dispersed. The goal of this study was to gather and present a review of evidence-based ESVI interventions. METHODS: We searched five academic databases for articles published within the last decade featuring interventions to reduce or prevent ESVIs...
April 2, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619795/switching-between-pitch-surfaces-practical-applications-and-future-perspectives-for-soccer-training
#8
Vincenzo Rago, João R Silva, João Brito, Daniel Barreira, Magni Mohr, Peter Krustrup, António N Rebelo
Soccer training and completion is conventionally practiced on natural grass (NG) or artificial turf (AT). Recently, AT pitches for training / competition, and of unstable surfaces for injury prevention training has increased. Therefore, soccer players are frequently exposed to variations in pitch surface during either training or competition. These ground changes may impact physical and physiological responses, adaptations as well as the injury. The aim of this review was to summarize the acute physical and physiological responses, chronic adaptations, and injury risk associated with exercising on different pitch surfaces in soccer...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618421/awareness-of-medication-related-falls-and-preferred-interventions-among-the-elderly
#9
Mun Yee Loke, Lydia Lay Yen Gan, Farida Islahudin
Falls are a major problem among the elderly and can lead to serious injury. Adults older than 65 years suffer the greatest number of severe falls. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and perception of medication related falls as well as preferred medication related fall prevention programs in the local population. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among the elderly patients in a tertiary hospital. A total of 86 patients (n=86) were interviewed. Approximately 23.3% (20 patients) of the elderly had a history of falls over the past 6 months...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617989/knowledge-of-venomous-snakes-snakebite-first-aid-treatment-and-prevention-among-clinicians-in-northern-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#10
Godpower C Michael, Bukar A Grema, Ibrahim Aliyu, Mohammed A Alhaji, Teslim O Lawal, Haliru Ibrahim, Aminu G Fikin, Fatima S Gyaran, Kennedy N Kane, Thomas D Thacher, Abba K Badamasi, Emmanuel Ogwuche
Background: Snakebite envenoming causes considerable morbidity and mortality in northern Nigeria. The clinician's knowledge of snakebite impacts outcome. We assessed clinicians' knowledge of snakebite envenoming to highlight knowledge and practice gaps for possible intervention to improve snakebite outcomes. Methods: This was a cross-sectional multicentre study of 374 doctors selected from the accident and emergency, internal medicine, family medicine/general outpatient, paediatrics and surgery departments of nine tertiary hospitals in northern Nigeria using a multistage sampling technique...
March 29, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610937/paediatric-musculoskeletal-disease-in-kumi-district-uganda-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Kristin Alves, Norgrove Penny, Olive Kobusingye, Robert Olupot, Jeffrey N Katz, Coleen S Sabatini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to estimate the burden of musculoskeletal disease among children treated in Kumi District, Uganda, to inform training, capacity-building efforts, and resource allocation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study by reviewing the musculoskeletal (MSK) clinic and community outreach logs for children (age < 18 years) seen at Kumi Hospital in Kumi, Uganda, between January 2013 and December 2015. For each patient, we recorded the age, sex, diagnosis, and treatment recommendation...
April 2, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605754/interventions-to-prevent-and-reduce-the-impact-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-nurses-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Amy Richardson, Bronwen McNoe, Sarah Derrett, Helen Harcombe
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among nurses compared to many other occupational groups. OBJECTIVE: To identify interventions that may be effective at reducing the prevalence and impact of musculoskeletal injuries and pain in registered nurses. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases were systematically searched, including MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycInfo, Academic Search Complete, Health Source Nursing, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602720/musculoskeletal-training-injury-prevention-in-the-u-s-army-evolution-of-the-science-and-the-public-health-approach
#13
Bruce H Jones, Veronique D Hauschild, Michelle Canham-Chervak
Injuries cause more morbidity among soldiers in the U.S. Army than any other health condition. Over two-thirds of U.S. soldiers' injuries occur gradually from cumulative micro-traumatic damage to the musculoskeletal system as a result of physical training activities. Paradoxically, the very physical training activities required to improve soldier performance also result in injury. Determining the amounts and types of physical training that maximize performance while minimizing injuries requires scientific evidence...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599878/understanding-trail-runners-activity-on-online-community-forums-an-inductive-analysis-of-discussion-topics
#14
Nadège Rochat, Denis Hauw, Gaëlle Gür, Ludovic Seifert
Recreational trail runners often participate in online community forums where they can freely read posted messages, join discussions and/or introduce new discussion topics. This tool can enhance learning as runners connect with other trail runners and reflect on how they can better organize their own practice. Studying forum activity would provide greater insight into the relationship between field practice and dedicated forums. The aim of this study was therefore to detect the topics discussed online by trail runners in order to understand how they collectively look for solutions that help them adapt to issues that emerge during actual practice...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597115/risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-injury-in-elite-pre-professional-modern-dancers-a-prospective-cohort-prognostic-study
#15
Shaw Bronner, Naomi G Bauer
OBJECTIVES: To examine risk factors for injury in pre-professional modern dancers. DESIGN: With prospectively designed screening and injury surveillance, we evaluated four risk factors as categorical predictors of injury: i) hypermobility; ii) dance technique motor-control; iii) muscle tightness; iv) previous injury. Screening and injury data of 180 students enrolled in a university modern dance program were reviewed over 4-yrs of training. Dancers were divided into 3-groups based on predictor scores...
March 26, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589410/six-weeks-of-multi-station-program-on-the-knee-proprioception-and-performance-of-futsal-players
#16
Ángel Pérez-Silvestre, Daniel Albert-Lucena, Guido F Gómez-Chiguano, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Patricia Martín-Casas, Natalia Romero-Franco
BACKGROUND: Proprioception and vertical jump are important parameters in the performance and prevention of injuries in futsal. However, very few studies have analyzed the role of multi-station exercises to improve these variables. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a six-week multi-station exercise program on knee joint position sense (JPS) and countermovement jump (CMJ) of futsal players. METHODS: Thirty-four male futsal players randomly classified into experimental (n = 17) or control group (n = 17)...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29585730/musculoskeletal-screening-tests-and-bony-hip-morphology-cannot-identify-male-professional-soccer-players-at-risk-of-groin-injuries-a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Andrea B Mosler, Adam Weir, Andreas Serner, Rintje Agricola, Cristiano Eirale, Abdulaziz Farooq, Arnhild Bakken, Kristian Thorborg, Rod J Whiteley, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Kay M Crossley
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal hip/groin screening tests are commonly performed to detect at-risk individuals. Bony hip morphology is considered a potential intrinsic risk factor but has not been examined prospectively. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between intrinsic risk factors identified from musculoskeletal and radiographic screening tests and hip/groin injuries leading to time loss from training and/or match play in professional male soccer players. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#18
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 ,3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584523/brain-behavior-mechanisms-for-the-transfer-of-neuromuscular-training-adaptions-to-simulated-sport-initial-findings-from-the-train-the-brain-project
#19
Dustin R Grooms, Adam W Kiefer, Michael A Riley, Jonathan D Ellis, Staci Thomas, Katie Kitchen, Christopher DiCesare, Scott Bonnette, Brooke Gadd, Kim D Barber Foss, Weihong Yuan, Paula Silva, Ryan Galloway, Jed Diekfuss, James Leach, Kate Berz, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT: A limiting factor for reducing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk is ensuring that the movement adaptions made during the prevention program transfer to sport-specific activity. Virtual reality provides a mechanism to assess transferability and neuroimaging provides a means to assay the neural processes allowing for such skill transfer. OBJECTIVE: To determine the neural mechanisms for injury risk reducing biomechanics transfer to sport after ACL injury prevention training...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581141/risk-factors-for-and-prevention-of-shoulder-injuries-in-overhead-sports-a-systematic-review-with-best-evidence-synthesis
#20
REVIEW
Martin Asker, Hannah L Brooke, Markus Waldén, Ulrika Tranaeus, Fredrik Johansson, Eva Skillgate, Lena W Holm
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence for risk factors and prevention measures for shoulder injuries in overhead sports. DESIGN: Systematic review with best-evidence synthesis. DATA SOURCES: Medline (Ovid), PubMed (complementary search), Embase (Elsevier), Cochrane (Wiley), SPORTDiscus (Ebsco) and Web of Science Core Collection (Thomson Reuters), from 1 January 1990 to 15 May 2017. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials, cohort studies and case-control studies on risk factors or prevention measures for shoulder injuries in overhead sports...
March 26, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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