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Injury prevention, training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470236/is-the-lesser-trochanter-profile-a-reliable-means-of-restoring-anatomic-rotation-after-femur-fracture-fixation
#1
Lucas S Marchand, Dane C Todd, Patrick Kellam, Temitope F Adeyemi, David L Rothberg, Travis G Maak
BACKGROUND: Restoring normal femoral rotation is an important consideration when managing femur fractures. Femoral malrotation after fixation is common and several preventive techniques have been described. Use of the lesser trochanter profile is a simple method to prevent malrotation, because the profile changes with femoral rotation, but the accuracy of this method is unclear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purposes of this study were (1) to report the rotational profiles of uninjured femora in an adult population; and (2) to determine if the lesser trochanter profile was associated with variability in femoral rotation...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463334/the-role-of-oral-health-in-complex-emergencies-and-disaster-rehabilitation-medicine
#2
Vishal R Aggarwal
This paper presents an overview of the importance of oral health in complex emergencies. It highlights the importance of maintaining general and oral health in the acute, intermediate and long-term phases of such events which are increasing in frequency. The importance of oral health as an early warning sign for systemic disease and deprivation is also explored along with the crucial role of oral health in maintaining quality of life through adequate nutrition and speech. The overview of oral health in these situations identifies the need for training dental personnel as members of rehabilitation teams that set out to manage these disasters...
February 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451056/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-portuguese-senior-male-rugby-union-sevens-a-cohort-prospective-study
#3
Antonio Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Eduardo Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, João Diogo Silva, Ricardo Maia Ferreira, Luiz Miguel Santiago, Luis Taborda-Barata
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence, type and location of injuries sustained during the Portuguese rugby union sevens circuit. To investigate the influence of players' training loads on injury risk. METHODS: A prospective cohort study recording time-loss injuries was conducted with all teams competing in the Portuguese national rugby sevens circuit (eight from the top-tier and seven from the second-tier). Main outcome measures included: incidence rate, anatomical location, type, injury incident and severity...
February 16, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448292/a-trunk-stabilization-exercise-warm-up-may-reduce-ankle-injuries-in-junior-soccer-players
#4
Atsushi Imai, Takeshi Imai, Satoshi Iizuka, Koji Kaneoka
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a trunk stabilization exercise warm-up program in reducing the incidence of lower extremity injuries among male junior soccer players. Two junior soccer teams participated in this study. The intervention (INT) team performed three trunk stabilization exercises before practice sessions and games, while a control (CON) team performed their usual warm-up without trunk exercises. Both teams engaged in regular soccer training and games, and were followed for the incidence of injury...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447910/preventing-non-contact-acl-injuries-in-female-athletes-what-can-we-learn-from-dancers
#5
Catherine Turner, Sarah Crow, Thomas Crowther, Brittany Keating, Trenton Saupan, Jason Pyfer, Kimberly Vialpando, Szu-Ping Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of dance experience and movement instruction on lower extremity kinematics and muscle activation during a landing task. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case control. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: 27 female subjects (age 18-25) in 2 groups: dancers (n = 12) and non-dancers (n = 15). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lower extremity biomechanics during drop landing were analyzed...
December 23, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447252/low-back-electromyography-emg-data-driven-load-classification-for-dynamic-lifting-tasks
#6
Deema Totah, Lauro Ojeda, Daniel D Johnson, Deanna Gates, Emily Mower Provost, Kira Barton
OBJECTIVE: Numerous devices have been designed to support the back during lifting tasks. To improve the utility of such devices, this research explores the use of preparatory muscle activity to classify muscle loading and initiate appropriate device activation. The goal of this study was to determine the earliest time window that enabled accurate load classification during a dynamic lifting task. METHODS: Nine subjects performed thirty symmetrical lifts, split evenly across three weight conditions (no-weight, 10-lbs and 24-lbs), while low-back muscle activity data was collected...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442612/a-review-of-a-decade-of-rugby-union-injury-epidemiology-2007-2017
#7
Pierre L Viviers, Jeandré T Viljoen, Wayne Derman
CONTEXT: Rugby union is the most widely played team collision sport globally. As with other contact sports, there is substantial risk of injury. To date, the majority of studies on injury epidemiology have focused on elite male cohorts, which inherently prevents extrapolation of research findings to other groups within the player continuum. This review aims to describe emerging injury trends across the spectrum of various rugby union subpopulations and to highlight gaps that may influence future injury prevention tactics...
February 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433467/effect-of-tendon-vibration-during-wide-pulse-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-on-muscle-force-production-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-sci
#8
Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U Newton, Gabriel S Trajano, Amilton Vieira, Timothy S Pulverenti, Anthony J Blazevich
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in skeletal muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) with the aim of increasing muscle recruitment and thus muscle force production. NMES has been conventionally used in clinical practice as functional electrical stimulation (FES), using low levels of evoked force that cannot optimally stimulate muscular strength and mass improvements, and thus trigger musculoskeletal changes in paralysed muscles. The use of high intensity intermittent NMES training using wide-pulse width and moderate-intensity as a strength training tool could be a promising method to increase muscle force production in people with SCI...
February 13, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430450/diagnosis-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-by-exhaled-breath-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Lieuwe D J Bos
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a complication of critical illness that is characterized by acute onset, protein rich, pulmonary edema. There is no treatment for ARDS, other than the reduction of additional ventilator induced lung injury. Prediction or earlier recognition of ARDS could result in preventive measurements and might decrease mortality and morbidity. Exhaled breath contains volatile organic compounds (VOCs), a collection of hundreds of small molecules linked to several physiological and pathophysiological processes...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427220/female-adolescent-elite-handball-players-are-more-susceptible-to-shoulder-problems-than-their-male-counterparts
#10
Martin Asker, Lena W Holm, Henrik Källberg, Markus Waldén, Eva Skillgate
PURPOSE: Shoulder problems are frequent among senior elite handball players. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of shoulder problems among adolescent elite handball players and to investigate potential differences in gender, school grade, playing position and playing level. METHODS: During the 2014 and 2015 pre-season periods, 471 players (age 15-18 years, 54% female) completed a comprehensive baseline questionnaire regarding history of any shoulder pain and shoulder problems experienced during the past season...
February 10, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425307/concerns-about-ankle-injury-prophylaxis-and-acceptance-of-the-parachute-ankle-brace-among-jumpmaster-students
#11
Jeffrey D Fogle, Aaron C Jannings, Michael T Gross, Richard A Scheuring, Joshua Crist
Introduction: Several studies have shown that the parachute ankle brace (PAB) is safe, cost-effective, and reduces the rates of ankle injuries during military parachuting. However, the acceptability and usability of the PAB has not been well established in units that regularly do airborne exercises. Many anecdotal concerns in the past may be limiting common use. The purpose of the study is to ascertain the attitudes toward the PAB among experienced paratroopers. Methods: One hundred experienced paratroopers training to be jumpmasters at the Advanced Airborne School (Fort Bragg, NC) voluntarily responded to a 13-item, paper questionnaire to assess attitudes toward the PAB, its use, and concerns about future ankle injuries...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424273/neuromuscular-physiology-exercise-and-training-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#12
David G Behm
The pressure for children to excel and succeed in sport continues to mount. Although resistance training for youth was in disfavor by many organizations even into the early 21st century, children's training programs are more closely resembling the volume and intensity of adult programs. The physiological maturation of adolescent youth may impact their response to advanced training programs. Furthermore, the pressure to specialize in specific sports rather than engage in a variety of sporting activities may affect not only training responses but also injury incidence...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412695/high-injury-burden-in-elite-adolescent-athletes-a-52-week-prospective-study
#13
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne, Anna Frohm, Cecilia Friden, Anders Kottorp
CONTEXT:   Our understanding of the injury burden in elite adolescent athletes in most sports is limited or unknown because of the lack of prospective, long-term injury studies. OBJECTIVE:   To describe injury patterns in terms of type, location, prevalence and incidence, recurrence, and severity grade; time to first injury; and prevalence of illness in elite adolescent athletes and to compare differences in injury data by sex and sport type. DESIGN:   Cohort study...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401092/minimizing-leg-length-discrepancy-after-intramedullary-nailing-of-comminuted-femoral-shaft-fractures-a-prospective-quality-improvement-initiative-using-the-scout-ct-scanogram
#14
Petra Gheraibeh, Rahul Vaidya, Ian Hudson, Robert Meehan, Frederick Tonnos, Anil Sethi
OBJECTIVES: To prevent leg length discrepancy (LLD) after locked femoral nailing in patients with comminuted femoral shaft fractures. DESIGN: Prospective consecutive case series aimed at quality improvement SETTING:: Level 1 Trauma Center USA PATIENTS:: Ninety-eight consecutive patients with a comminuted femoral shaft fracture underwent statically locked intramedullary nailing with a focused attempt at minimizing LLD during surgery. INTERVENTION: A CT scanogram of both legs was performed on post op day 1 to assess for residual LLD ...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400395/interventions-to-prevent-injuries-in-construction-workers
#15
REVIEW
Henk F van der Molen, Prativa Basnet, Peter Lt Hoonakker, Marika M Lehtola, Jorma Lappalainen, Monique Hw Frings-Dresen, Roger Haslam, Jos H Verbeek
BACKGROUND: Construction workers are frequently exposed to various types of injury-inducing hazards. There are a number of injury prevention interventions, yet their effectiveness is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions for preventing injuries in construction workers. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Injuries Group's specialised register, CENTRAL (issue 3), MEDLINE, Embase and PsycINFO up to April 2017. The searches were not restricted by language or publication status...
February 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399908/nurses-concerns-about-caring-for-patients-with-acute-and-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Tolu O Oyesanya, Barbara J Bowers, Heather R Royer, Lyn S Turkstra
BACKGROUND: Patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) typically have significant immediate and chronic cognitive impairments. These cognitive impairments can negatively affect their inpatient stay after an acute TBI and affect their healthcare later in life when seeking care for other acute health conditions during the chronic phase of TBI. Nurses must be knowledgeable about modifying care to accommodate cognitive impairments of these patients throughout the continuum of care...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390118/differences-among-thai-agricultural-workers-health-working-conditions-and-pesticide-use-by-farm-type
#17
Pornpimol Kongtip, Noppanun Nankongnab, Redeerat Mahaboonpeeti, Sasivimol Bootsikeaw, Kiattisak Batsungnoen, Chalalai Hanchenlaksh, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Susan Woskie
More than 11 million Thai people (38%) work in agriculture, but since most are in the informal sector, government enforcement and support are very limited. As a result, working conditions on Thai farms vary greatly, putting the health of many agricultural workers at risk. A cross-sectional study in three Thai provinces collected information on the work activities and conditions of 424 farmers representing five farm types: rice, vegetable, flower, rice/vegetable, and flower/vegetable. The agricultural workers were mainly women (60%); their average age was 53 but ranged from 18 to 87 years...
January 30, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387442/effects-of-an-8-week-strength-training-intervention-on-tibiofemoral-joint-loading-during-landing-a-cohort-study
#18
Maike B Czasche, Jon E Goodwin, Anthony M J Bull, Daniel J Cleather
Objectives: To use a musculoskeletal model of the lower limb to evaluate the effect of a strength training intervention on the muscle and joint contact forces experienced by untrained women during landing. Methods: Sixteen untrained women between 18 and 28 years participated in this cohort study, split equally between intervention and control groups. The intervention group trained for 8 weeks targeting improvements in posterior leg strength. The mechanics of bilateral and unilateral drop landings from a 30 cm platform were recorded preintervention and postintervention, as was the isometric strength of the lower limb during a hip extension test...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387143/pattern-and-nature-of-neyshabur-train-explosion-blast-injuries
#19
Katayoun Jahangiri, Hasan Ghodsi, Ali Khodadadizadeh, Sadegh Yousef Nezhad
Background: Explosions are classified as both man-made and complex accidents. Explosive events can cause serious damage to people, property, and the environment. This study aimed to investigate the pattern and nature of damage incurred to the victims of the Neyshabur Train Explosion. Methods: The current study is a descriptive cross-sectional study that was retrospectively performed on 99 individuals using census method and documents victims hospitalized due to the Neyshabur train disaster (February 2004) in 2016...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383747/fatal-work-related-falls-in-the-united-states-2003-2014
#20
Christina M Socias-Morales, Cammie K Chaumont Menéndez, Suzanne M Marsh
BACKGROUND: Falls are the second leading cause of work-related fatalities among US workers. We describe fatal work-related falls from 2003 to 2014, including demographic, work, and injury event characteristics, and changes in rates over time. METHODS: We identified fatal falls from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries and estimated rates using the BLS Current Population Survey. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2014, there were 8880 fatal work-related falls, at an annual rate of 5...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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