keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Injury prevention, training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241628/-care-of-the-newborn-with-perinatal-asphyxia-candidate-for-therapeutic-hypothermia-during-the-first-six-hours-of-life-in-spain
#1
Juan Arnaez, Alfredo Garcia-Alix, Sara Calvo, Simón Lubián-López
INTRODUCTION: The process of care and assistance from birth to the starting of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is crucial in order to improve its effectiveness and prevent the worsening of hypoxic-ischaemic injury. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study carried out in 2015 by use of a questionnaire sent to all level iii units on the care of the newborn≥35 weeks gestation within the first hours of life after a perinatal asphyxia event. According to clinical practice guidelines, the quality of care was compared between the hospitals that carried out or did not carry out TH, and according to the level of care...
December 11, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241422/factors-associated-with-injury-among-employees-at-a-u-s-army-hospital
#2
Anna Schuh-Renner, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Darren W Hearn, P Ann Loveless, Bruce H Jones
The purpose of this study was to investigate injury incidence and factors associated with injury among employees at a large U.S. Army hospital to inform injury prevention planning and health promotion education efforts. Demographics, health behaviors, and injury history were collected by survey from hospital employees between October and December 2014. Descriptive statistics were reported and factors associated with injury were determined using multiple logistic regression. Respondents (380; 56% females, 44% males; 54% active duty military, 45% civilians) reported a prevalence of unhealthy behaviors (e...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239994/effects-of-judo-training-on-bones-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Simone Ciaccioni, Giancarlo Condello, Flavia Guidotti, Laura Capranica
The aim of this study was to provide a systematic literature review on the osteogenic effects of judo (PROSPERO: CRD42016041803). The online search was conducted according to the inclusion criteria: observational studies and clinical/interventional trials in English from inception to June 2016; bone health, mineral density (BMD), diameters, impact force and turnover markers (BTM) outcomes. Thirty-four studies were included and graded for their methodological quality ("fair" quality: 79.4%). The most used assessment method (44...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239014/cortical-electrical-stimulation-in-female-rats-with-a-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-to-promote-axonal-outgrowth
#4
Andrew S Jack, Caitlin Hurd, Juan Forero, Andrew Nataraj, Keith Fenrich, Armin Blesch, Karim Fouad
Electrical stimulation (ES) to promote corticospinal tract (CST) repair after spinal cord injury (SCI) is underinvestigated. This study is the first to detail intracortical ES of the injured CST. We hypothesize that cortical ES will promote CST collateralization and regeneration, prevent dieback, and improve recovery in an SCI rat model. The CST was transected at the the fourth cervical level in adult female Lewis rats trained in a stairwell grasping task. Animal groups included (a) ES333 (n = 14; 333 Hz, biphasic pulse for 0...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236078/an-artificial-neural-network-for-movement-pattern-analysis-to-estimate-blood-alcohol-content-level
#5
Pedram Gharani, Brian Suffoletto, Tammy Chung, Hassan A Karimi
Impairments in gait occur after alcohol consumption, and, if detected in real-time, could guide the delivery of "just-in-time" injury prevention interventions. We aimed to identify the salient features of gait that could be used for estimating blood alcohol content (BAC) level in a typical drinking environment. We recruited 10 young adults with a history of heavy drinking to test our research app. During four consecutive Fridays and Saturdays, every hour from 8 p.m. to 12 a.m., they were prompted to use the app to report alcohol consumption and complete a 5-step straight-line walking task, during which 3-axis acceleration and angular velocity data was sampled at a frequency of 100 Hz...
December 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230388/blood-body-fluid-exposure-and-needle-stick-sharp-injury-among-nurses-working-in-public-hospitals-southwest-ethiopia
#6
Yeshitila Belay Belachew, Tefera Belachew Lema, Gugssa Nemera Germossa, Yohannes Mehretie Adinew
Background: Every health professional around the world is at risk of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury as a result of exposure to blood or body fluids and needle or sharp injuries. However, the extent of these hazards and their driving forces are not well documented in Ethiopia. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess determinants of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury among nurses working in Jimma zone, southwest Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based census was conducted among 318 nurses working in Jimma zone public hospitals from March 10 to 30, 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226660/bone-and-joint-diseases-in-present-and-future
#7
Yasuharu Nakashima, Ken Okazak, Koichiet Nakayama, Seiji Okada, Hideki Mizu-uchi
With the increase of elderly population, orthopaedic surgeons need to deal with the diseases related to aging, such as joint disorders and fragility fractures. The number of total joint replacements, for example, is two times more than it was 10 years ago. With these backgrounds, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) has proposed the concept of locomotive syndrome; conditions under which the elderly have been receiving care services due to problems of the locomotive organs. To prevent geriatric or disuse syndrome, JOA is currently providing the care‒prevention programs such as the loco-check and loco-training...
January 2017: Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi, Hukuoka Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226382/substantial-injuries-influence-ranking-position-in-young-elite-athletes-of-athletics-cross-country-skiing-orienteering
#8
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne
The relationship between injury and performance in young athletes is scarcely studied. The aim of this study was therefore to explore the association between injury prevalence and ranking position among adolescent elite athletes. 162 male and female adolescent elite athletes (age range 15-19), competing in athletics (n=59), cross-country skiing (n=66) and orienteering (n=37), were monitored weekly over 22-47 weeks using a web-based injury questionnaire. Ranking lists were collected. A significant (p=.003) difference was found in the seasonal substantial injury prevalence across the ranked athletes over the season, where the top-ranked (median 3...
December 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221814/use-of-interventional-radiology-as-initial-hemorrhage-control-to-improve-outcomes-for-potentially-lethal-multiple-blunt-injuries
#9
Hiroyuki Otsuka, Toshiki Sato, Keiji Sakurai, Hiromichi Aoki, Takeshi Yamagiwa, Shinichi Iizuka, Sadaki Inokuchi
INTRODUCTION: Recently, trauma management has been markedly improved with interventional radiology (IVR) and damage-control strategies. However, the indications for its use in hemodynamically unstable patients with severe trauma remains unclear. In some cases, IVR may be more effective than surgery for damage-control hemostasis; however, performing IVR in life-threatening trauma settings is challenging. To address this, we practiced and evaluated a trauma-management system with emergency physicians who trained for both severe trauma management, and techniques of surgery and IVR...
December 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216703/-effect-of-sports-training-in-angular-compartment-of-the-lower-limbs-in-children-footballers-aged-11-to-12-years-old
#10
J Burboa, M Bahamonde, M Inostroza, P Lillo, M Barahona, M Palet, J Hinzpeter
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury is an important cause of days lost in athletes. Most ACL injuries are non-contact and are associated with biomechanical risk factors that increase tension in the ACL: increased knee valgus (KV) and hip flexion (HF) and decreased flexion of knee (KF). Muscle around the knee contributes to knee stability, so fatigue produced by exercise could alter knee balance, increasing LCA tension. The aim of the study is to determine the angular behavior before and after a physical load for CF, RR and RV in children born in 2002-2003...
May 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212413/a-lower-extremity-strength-based-profile-of-ncaa-division-i-women-s-basketball-and-gymnastics-athletes-implications-for-knee-joint-injury-risk-assessment
#11
Brennan J Thompson, Curtis S Cazier, Eadric Bressel, Dennis G Dolny
This study aimed to provide a comprehensive strength-based physiological profile of women's NCAA Division I basketball and gymnastic athletes; and to make sport-specific comparisons for various strength characteristics of the knee flexor and extensor muscles. A focus on antagonist muscle balance (hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratios, H:Q) was used to elucidate vulnerabilities in these at-risk female athletes. Fourteen NCAA Division I women's basketball and 13 gymnastics athletes performed strength testing of the knee extensors and flexors...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206691/comprehensive-review-of-skiing-and-snowboarding-injuries
#12
Brett D Owens, Christopher Nacca, Andrew P Harris, Ross J Feller
Skiing and snowboarding have increased in popularity since the 1960s. Both sports are responsible for a substantial number of musculoskeletal injuries treated annually by orthopaedic surgeons. Specific injury patterns and mechanisms associated with skiing and snowboarding have been identified. No anatomic location is exempt from injury, including the head, spine, pelvis, and upper and lower extremities. In these sports, characteristic injury mechanisms often are related to the position of the limbs during injury, the athlete's expertise level, and equipment design...
November 29, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203005/steadi-cdc-s-approach-to-make-older-adult-fall-prevention-part-of-every-primary-care-practice
#13
Kelly Sarmiento, Robin Lee
INTRODUCTION: Primary care providers play a critical role in protecting older adult patients from one of the biggest threats to their health and independence-falls. A fall among an older adult patient cannot only be fatal or cause a devastating injury, but can also lead to problems that can effect a patient's overall quality of life. METHODS: In response, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed the STEADI initiative to give health care providers the tools they need to help reduce their older adult patient's risk of a fall...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200524/health-care-workers-occupational-exposures-to-body-fluids-in-21-countries-in-africa-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Asa Auta, Emmanuel O Adewuyi, Amom Tor-Anyiin, David Aziz, Esther Ogbole, Brian O Ogbonna, Davies Adeloye
Objective: To estimate the lifetime and 12-month prevalence of occupational exposure to body fluids among health-care workers in Africa. Methods: Embase®, PubMed® and CINAHL databases were systematically searched for studies published between January 2000 and August 2017 that reported the prevalence of occupational exposure to blood or other body fluids among health-care workers in Africa. The continent-wide prevalence of exposure was estimated using random-effects meta-analysis...
December 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198476/unilateral-hand-training-on-functional-performance-in-patients-with-upper-extremity-trauma
#15
Tara Troianello, Kathleen Yancosek, Peter C Rhee
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. INTRODUCTION: Upper extremity (UE) trauma and subsequent immobilization affects functional performance. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Determine the usefulness and feasibility of unilateral hand training (UHT) on improving functional performance in patients with UE trauma. METHODS: Nine participants received UHT within 10 days of immobilization. Functional performance, dexterity, grip, and pinch strength were measured at initial and 4-week visits...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192065/peripheral-nerve-function-estimation-by-linear-model-of-multi-cmap-responses-for-surgical-intervention-in-acoustic-neuroma-surgery
#16
Dilok Puanhvuan, Sorayouth Chumnanvej, Yodchanan Wongsawat
Nerve function assessments are crucial for surgical intervention during acoustic neuroma surgery. Cranial nerves such as acoustic and facial nerves, can be possibly damaged during tumor dissection. Proper surgical intervention should prevent neurological deficit and achieve total tumor removal. Conventionally, nerve function is qualitatively evaluated by surgeon and neurologist. Facial nerves can be preserved by monitoring the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) response. The differences in the amplitude and latency of CMAP are used as indicators during surgical interventions...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189500/innovative-methods-for-designing-actionable-program-evaluation
#17
Brandon Nesbit, Marci Hertz, Sally Thigpen, Ted Castellanos, Michelle Brown, Jamila Porter, Amber Williams
CONTEXT: For most programs, whether funded through governmental agencies or nongovernmental organizations, demonstrating the impact of implemented activities is vital to ensuring continued funding and support. OBJECTIVE: Program evaluation is a critical tool that serves the dual purpose of describing impact and identifying areas for program improvement. From a funder's perspective, describing the individual and collective impact of state-based programs can be challenging due to variations in strategies being implemented and types of data being collected...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184511/dose-response-relationship-of-neuromuscular-training-for-injury-prevention-in-youth-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#18
Simon Steib, Anna L Rahlf, Klaus Pfeifer, Astrid Zech
Background: Youth athletes with intensive sports participation are at an increased risk of sustaining injuries. Neuromuscular training programs reduce sports-related injury risk in this population, however, the dose-response relationship is largely unknown. Thus, the aim of this meta-analysis was to identify the optimal frequency, volume, duration, and period of neuromuscular training to prevent injuries in youth athletes. Methods: Computerized database searches (PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, The Cochrane Library, PEDro) were conducted in January 2017, with search terms related to youth sports, neuromuscular training, and injury prevention...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181254/hip-range-of-motion-in-recreational-weight-training-participants-a-descriptive-report
#19
Scott Cheatham, William J Hanney, Morey J Kolber
Background: The surveillance of hip injuries and risk factors have become an emerging focus in sports medicine due to the increased recognition of hip pathologies. Researchers suggest that decreased hip range of motion (ROM) is a risk factor for injury in various athletic activities. One under reported population that has potential for hip injuries is recreational weight training (WT) participants. Currently, no studies have reported hip ROM values in WT participants which creates a knowledge gap in this population...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180462/global-human-trafficking-and-child-victimization
#20
Jordan Greenbaum, Nia Bodrick
Trafficking of children for labor and sexual exploitation violates basic human rights and constitutes a major global public health problem. Pediatricians and other health care professionals may encounter victims who present with infections, injuries, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidality, or a variety of other physical or behavioral health conditions. Preventing child trafficking, recognizing victimization, and intervening appropriately require a public health approach that incorporates rigorous research on the risk factors, health impact, and effective treatment options for child exploitation as well as implementation and evaluation of primary prevention programs...
November 27, 2017: Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
56120
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"