keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

alcoholic pancreatitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451525/-chronic-pancreatitis-new-definition-and-perspectives
#1
Maria Cristina Conti Bellocchi, Nicolò De Pretis, Antonio Amodio, Alessandro Zerbi, Luca Frulloni
Chronic pancreatitis has been considered over the past years as a single disease, alcohol-induced and different from acute pancreatitis, in terms of etiology and prognosis. Actually, the introduction of a new concept of chronic pancreatitis, now considered as a fibroinflammatory process caused by multiple factors (toxic-metabolic, genetic, immunologic, obstructive), allow to better understand the pathogenesis of this complex disease. Furthermore, the discover of peculiar forms of chronic pancreatitis (autoimmune, paraduodenal, associated to gene mutations), different in term of clinical aspects, findings at imaging, prognosis and therapy, radically changed the concept of the disease...
January 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440961/acute-pancreatitis-during-glp-1-receptor-agonist-treatment-a-case-report
#2
Bogdan Augustin Chis, Daniela Fodor
Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) are the newest treatment for diabetes mellitus (DM). These drugs can down-regulate fasting glucose more than oral drugs and lead to more constant glucose levels compared to regular insulin. Acute pancreatitis is a serious condition that may have a fatal outcome. It has been shown that long term and high doses of GLP-1RA can cause pancreatic changes in animals, but no connection has been proven in humans. We present the case of a 67 years old man with DM treated with oral drugs for 10 years until 3 months before, when GLP-1RA was added...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432727/acute-pancreatitis-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-a-nationwide-matched-cohort-study-in-denmark
#3
Jakob Kirkegård, Deirdre Cronin-Fenton, Uffe Heide-Jørgensen, Frank Viborg Mortensen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute pancreatitis may be a risk factor for pancreatic cancer. However, findings from studies on this association are conflicting. We investigated the association between acute pancreatitis and increased risk of pancreatic cancer. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide, population-based, matched cohort study of all patients admitted to a hospital in Denmark with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis from January 1, 1980 through October 31, 2012. As many as 5 individuals from the general population without acute pancreatitis were matched for age and sex to each patient with acute pancreatitis...
February 9, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424931/calcium-signalling-in-the-acinar-environment-of-the-exocrine-pancreas-physiology-and-pathophysiology
#4
Oleksiy Gryshchenko, Julia V Gerasimenko, Shuang Peng, Oleg V Gerasimenko, Ole H Petersen
Physiological Ca 2+ signals in pancreatic acinar cells control fluid and enzyme secretion, whereas excessive Ca 2+ signals induced by pathological agents induce destructive processes leading to acute pancreatitis. Ca 2+ signals in the peri-acinar stellate cells may also play a role in the development of acute pancreatitis. In this study, we have explored Ca 2+ signalling in the different cell types to be found in the acinar environment of the pancreatic tissue. We have, for the first time, recorded depolarization-evoked Ca 2+ signals in pancreatic nerves and shown that whereas acinar cells receive a functional cholinergic innervation, there is no evidence for functional innervation of the stellate cells...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424488/lipopolysaccharide-enhances-tgf-%C3%AE-1-signalling-pathway-and-rat-pancreatic-fibrosis
#5
Li Sun, Ming Xiu, Shuhua Wang, David R Brigstock, Hongyan Li, Limei Qu, Runping Gao
Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) play a critical role in fibrogenesis during alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP). Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) is a key regulator of extracellular matrix production and PSC activation. Endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been recognized as a trigger factor in the pathogenesis of ACP. This study aimed to investigate the mechanisms by which LPS modulates TGF-β1 signalling and pancreatic fibrosis. Sprague-Dawley rats fed with a Lieber-DeCarli alcohol (ALC) liquid diet for 10 weeks with or without LPS challenge during the last 3 weeks...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411323/alcohol-consumption-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-1-year-results
#6
Ilenia Coluzzi, Angelo Iossa, Elena Spinetti, Gianfranco Silecchia
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) represents, at present, the most performed bariatric procedure worldwide with excellent long-term results on weight loss and comorbidities control. After the gastrectomy procedure, together with hormonal modification, several changes in taste and habits occur, including the potential modification in alcohol consumption. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the frequency and the amount of alcohol use before and after SG using a modified version of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) at 1-year follow-up and eventually to evaluate relationships between different ages and sexes...
February 6, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399276/risk-factors-for-hepatic-steatosis-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-similarities-to-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#7
Fares Ayoub, Cesar Trillo-Alvarez, Giuseppe Morelli, Jorge Lascano
AIM: To investigate the clinical, biochemical and imaging characteristics of adult cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with hepatic steatosis as compared to normal CF controls. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of adult CF patients in an academic outpatient setting during 2016. Baseline characteristics, genetic mutation analysis as well as laboratory values were collected. Abdominal imaging (ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance) was used to determine presence of hepatic steatosis...
January 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395619/development-and-validation-of-a-multivariate-prediction-model-for-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis-in-intensive-care-medicine
#8
Felix Zubia-Olaskoaga, Enrique Maraví-Poma, Iratxe Urreta-Barallobre, María-Rosario Ramírez-Puerta, Mónica Mourelo-Fariña, María-Pilar Marcos-Neira, Miguel Ángel García-García
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Development and validation of a multivariate prediction model for patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) admitted in Intensive Care Units (ICU). METHODS: A prospective multicenter observational study, in 1 year period, in 46 international ICUs (EPAMI study). PATIENTS: adults admitted to an ICU with AP and at least one organ failure. INTERVENTIONS: Development of a multivariate prediction model, using the worst data of the stay in ICU, based in multivariate analysis, simple imputation in a development cohort...
January 29, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372125/dilated-thoracic-esophagus-presenting-with-painful-progressive-persistent-dysphagia-and-leukocytosis-of-unknown-origin
#9
Kyawzaw Lin, Jamil Shah, Emmanuel Ofori, Vahe Shahnazarian, Madhavi Reddy
Esophageal cancer is the eighth-most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The most common presenting symptom in advanced distal esophageal cancer is the sensation of sticking food, but it may sometimes present with bleeding and related complications, or asymptomatic leukocytosis. We present the case of a 77-year-old afebrile man with chronic alcoholism and a dilated thoracic esophagus with painful, progressive, and persistent dysphagia and leukocytosis of unknown origin. A 77-year-old man with a past medical history of hypertension and colonic cancer status post right hemicolectomy (surveillance negative) presented to the emergency department with painful, progressive, persistent, and worsening dysphagia for the past three weeks...
November 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370858/chronic-diseases-inflammation-and-spices-how-are-they-linked
#10
REVIEW
Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara, Bethsebie L Sailo, Kishore Banik, Choudhary Harsha, Sahdeo Prasad, Subash Chandra Gupta, Alok Chandra Bharti, Bharat B Aggarwal
Extensive research within the last several decades has revealed that the major risk factors for most chronic diseases are infections, obesity, alcohol, tobacco, radiation, environmental pollutants, and diet. It is now well established that these factors induce chronic diseases through induction of inflammation. However, inflammation could be either acute or chronic. Acute inflammation persists for a short duration and is the host defense against infections and allergens, whereas the chronic inflammation persists for a long time and leads to many chronic diseases including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, respiratory diseases, etc...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370777/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-can-predict-the-severity-of-gallstone-pancreatitis
#11
Seung Kook Cho, Saehyun Jung, Kyong Joo Lee, Jae Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) predict severity in various diseases. In this study, we evaluated the value of NLR and PLR as prognostic factors in acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Patients with AP were prospectively enrolled from March 2014 to September 2016 at Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine. NLR and PLR were obtained at admission and were compared with other known prognostic scoring systems...
January 25, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359016/hospital-contacts-with-alcohol-problems-prior-to-liver-cirrhosis-or-pancreatitis-diagnosis
#12
Gro Askgaard, Søren Neermark, David A Leon, Mette S Kjær, Janne S Tolstrup
AIM: To evaluate prior hospital contacts with alcohol problems in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and pancreatitis. METHODS: This was a register-based study of all patients diagnosed with alcoholic liver cirrhosis or pancreatitis during 2008-2012 in Denmark. Hospital contacts with alcohol problems (intoxication, harmful use, or dependence) in the 10-year period preceding the diagnosis of alcoholic liver cirrhosis and pancreatitis were identified. RESULTS: In the 10 years prior to diagnosis, 40% of the 7719 alcoholic liver cirrhosis patients and 40% of the 1811 alcoholic pancreatitis patients had at least one prior hospital contact with alcohol problems...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351702/endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-obliteration-of-a-left-inferior-phrenic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-a-patient-with-alcoholic-chronic-pancreatitis
#13
Deepak Gunjan, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Pramod Garg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349789/postmarketing-cases-of-eluxadoline-associated-pancreatitis-in-patients-with-or-without-a-gallbladder
#14
L Harinstein, E Wu, A Brinker
BACKGROUND: Cases of pancreatitis were identified in the eluxadoline clinical development program, reflected in initial product labelling, and the subject of postmarketing reports. AIM: To analyse postmarketing cases of eluxadoline-associated pancreatitis. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed all US adverse event reports of pancreatitis associated with eluxadoline reported to the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database from May 27, 2015 through February 15, 2017...
January 19, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346220/tro40303-ameliorates-alcohol-induced-pancreatitis-through-reduction-of-fatty-acid-ethyl-ester-induced-mitochondrial-injury-and-necrotic-cell-death-erratum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339657/the-practical-management-of-chronic-pancreatitis-a-multidisciplinary-symposium-held-at-the-annual-meeting-of-the-pancreatic-society-of-great-britain-and-ireland-manchester-2016
#16
Santhalingam Jegatheeswaran, Joanne M Puleston, Sinead Duggan, Andrew Hart, Kevin C Conlon, Ajith K Siriwardena
AIM: This study is about a questionnaire survey of delegates attending the chronic pancreatitis symposium at the 2016 meeting of the Pancreatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland and seeks a multidisciplinary "snapshot" overview of practice. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed with multidisciplinary input. Questions on access to specialist care, methods of diagnosis and treatment including specific scenarios were incorporated. Eighty-three (66%) of 125 delegates effectively participated in this survey...
January 16, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337245/hepatic-alcohol-dehydrogenase-deficiency-induces-pancreatic-injury-in-chronic-ethanol-feeding-model-of-deer-mice
#17
Samir M Amer, Kamlesh K Bhopale, Ramu D Kakumanu, Vsevolod L Popov, Bill A Rampy, Inas H El-Mehallawi, Magdy M Ashmawy, G A Shakeel Ansari, Bhupendra S Kaphalia
The single most common cause of chronic pancreatitis (CP, a serious inflammatory disease) is chronic alcohol abuse, which impairs hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH, a major ethanol oxidizing enzyme). Previously, we found ~5 fold greater fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs), and injury in the pancreas of hepatic ADH deficient (ADH-) vs. hepatic normal ADH (ADH+) deer mice fed 3.5g% ethanol via liquid diet daily for two months. Therefore, progression of ethanol-induced pancreatic injury was determined in ADH- deer mice fed ethanol for four months to delineate the mechanism and metabolic basis of alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP)...
January 11, 2018: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334743/-adiponectin-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-diseases-of-the-liver-bile-ducts-and-pancreas
#18
Adam Vašura, Martin Blaho, Petr Dítě, Tomáš Kupka, Pavel Svoboda, Arnošt Martínek
Epidemiological data show that the metabolic syndrome can be diagnosed in up to 30 % of the population. Regarding 5 components of the metabolic syndrome, three of them, in case of positivity (visceral obesity, arterial hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, changes of HDL-cholesterol levels and type 2 diabetes mellitus), are pathogenic factors which are the most frequently related to cardiovascular diseases, but currently they are also the focus of interest for gastroenterologists. The relationship between non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis, including non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, has been described...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322513/periodontitis-and-cancer-mortality-register-based-cohort-study-of-68-273-adults-in-10-year-follow-up
#19
Pia Heikkilä, Anna But, Timo Sorsa, Jari Haukka
Periodontitis, a multifactorial infection-induced low-grade chronic inflammation, can influence the process of carcinogenesis. We studied with 10 years follow-up of 68 273 adults-based cohort the involvement of periodontitis as a risk factor for cancer mortality. Periodontal status was defined based on procedure codes of periodontal treatment. Rate ratios and absolute differences of overall and cancer mortality rates were assessed with respect to periodontal status using multiplicative and additive Poisson regression models, respectively...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314003/atopic-allergic-conditions-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-results-from-the-multiethnic-cohort-study
#20
Brian Z Huang, Loic Le Marchand, Christopher A Haiman, Kristine R Monroe, Lynne R Wilkens, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
Previous case-control studies have suggested that atopic allergic conditions (AACs) are inversely associated with pancreatic cancer, but this relationship has not been supported in many prospective settings. In this study, we investigated the influence of AACs (asthma, hay fever, or allergy) and the treatment of these conditions on pancreatic cancer risk among participants of the Multiethnic Cohort Study (MEC). AACs and antihistamine use were assessed via a baseline questionnaire when participants joined the MEC in 1993-1996...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
keyword
keyword
56117
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"