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interleukin 1

L-Y Hu, J-B Cui, X-M Xu, Z-H Huang, H-T Jiao
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic lung injury (TLI) can cause inflammation and oxidative stress, or even leads to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and death. Nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2)-Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)-antioxidant response element (ARE) signal pathway participates in disease occurrence and progression via regulating inflammatory and oxidative stress response, but with its expression and functional roles in TLI largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, TLI group by crushing method, and Nrf2 activation group which received Nrf2 specific agonist sulforaphane 30 min before TLI treatment...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
L-J Wang, L-P Liu, X L Gu, M Wang, L-M Liu
OBJECTIVE: The use of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to cure the optic nerve injury was never shown previously. Here, we implanted purified ADSCs into optic nerve injury of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were used in this study. The vision degeneration was detected by Flash-visual evoked potential (F-VEP) assay. The expression of Macrophage-1 (Mac-1), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) were studied by Western blot...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Cenk Nayki, Umit Nayki, Ferda Keskin Cimen, Mehmet Kulhan, Omer Erkan Yapca, Nezahat Kurt, Aslı Bilgin Ozbek
The effect of rutin on ovarian ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury was investigated in this experimental study. Eighteen Wistar albino female rats were divided into three groups as follows: I/R group (IRG; n = 6), 50 mg/kg rutin + I/R group (RG; n = 6), and a healthy control group scheduled for a sham operation (SG; n = 6). 2 h of ischemia and following 2 h of reperfusion were created in the IRG and RG by using a torsion model involving atraumatic vascular clips. Rutin, a flavonoid glycoside, was injected intraperitoneally at the dose of 50 mg/kg to RG group 1 h before reperfusion...
March 22, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Yu-Yan Li, Guang Zheng, Liang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To decipher the possible mechanisms of Sinomenium Acutum (SA) in treating diseases by a bioinformatics method. METHODS: SA ingredients were searched according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Chinese Medicine Dictionary and Traditional Chinese Medicines Database (TCMD). Active compounds and target proteins of SA were acquired through the Pubchem platform. Pathway, network and function analyses of SA were performed with ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA), a bioinformatics analysis platform...
March 21, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Bongjun Kim, Hong-Hee Kim, Zang Hee Lee
Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting women and has a high incidence of bone metastasis, causing osteolytic lesions. The elevated expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) in cancer activates osteoclasts, leading to bone destruction. We previously reported that α-tocopheryl succinate (αTP-suc) inhibited interleukin-1-induced RANKL expression in osteoblasts. Here, we examined the effect of αTP-suc on osteolytic bone metastasis in breast cancer...
February 2018: Journal of Bone Metabolism
Xinghui Liu, Hongwen Tan, Xiaoqiao Liu, Qiang Wu
The objective of this study was to investigate the expression level of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) in vascular endothelium of hypertension rats and its correlation with expression of inflammatory factors. Twenty spontaneous hypertension rats (SHR) were randomly divided into SHR group (n=10) and inhibition group (MD group, n=10), and the Sprague Dawley rats were enrolled as the control group (C group, n=10). For rats in the MD group, Mdivi-1, a mitochondrial division inhibitor, was given in dosage of 25 mg/kg...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Britt Nakstad
Introduction: A key challenge in identifying serious bacterial infection in new born infants is the nonspecific clinical presentation of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS). Routinely used C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, and platelets are nonspecific. We assessed the diagnostic utility of single biomarkers or combinations of procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and hyaluronic acid (HA) in newborn infant with EONS, and in human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) from deliveries with chorioamnionitis...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Mingjun Gu
Aim: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid cancer. Infiltrative growth and metastasis are the two most intractable characteristics of PTC. Interleukin-13 receptor α2 (IL13Rα2) with high affinity for Th2-derived cytokine IL-13 has been reported to be overexpressed in several tumors. In this study, an analysis of IL13Rα2 expression in PTC and matched paracancerous tissues was undertaken, and its biologic functions in PTC were assessed. Methods: IL13Rα2 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression were detected by using real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry analyses...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Hong Zhou, HaiXin Qian
Objective: To investigate enteral nutrition's effect on serum inflammatory factors and the cardiac function of malnourished elderly patients with heart failure. Patients and methods: A total of 105 elderly patients with heart failure were randomly divided into 3 groups: Treatment Group A, Treatment Group B, and the Control Group (Group C), each group having 35 patients and being administered conventional heart failure treatment. Group A was treated with 500 mL·d-1 of enteral nutrition for 1 month...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Seoung-Ae Lee, So-Young Lee, Yu-Min Choi, Hong Kim, Bum-Joon Kim
AIM: To study sex disparity in susceptibility to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we created a transgenic mouse model that expressed the full hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome with the W4P mutation. METHODS: Transgenic mice were generated by transferring the pHY92-1.1x-HBV-full genome plasmid (genotype A2) into C57Bl/6N mice. We compared serum levels of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), interleukin (IL)-6, and the liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST), as well as liver histopathological features in male and female transgenic (W4P TG) mice and in nontransgenic littermates of 10 mo of age...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jerold Jeyaratnam, Nienke M Ter Haar, Helen J Lachmann, Ozgur Kasapcopur, Amanda K Ombrello, Donato Rigante, Fatma Dedeoglu, Ezgi H Baris, Sebastiaan J Vastert, Nico M Wulffraat, Joost Frenkel
BACKGROUND: Withholding live-attenuated vaccines in patients using interleukin (IL)-1 or IL-6 blocking agents is recommended by guidelines for both pediatric and adult rheumatic diseases, since there is a risk of infection in an immune suppressed host. However, this has never been studied. This retrospective, multicenter survey aimed to evaluate the safety of live-attenuated vaccines in patients using IL-1 or IL-6 blockade. METHODS: We contacted physicians involved in the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases to investigate potential cases...
March 21, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Anna Lange-Consiglio, Barbara Lazzari, Claudia Perrini, Flavia Pizzi, Alessandra Stella, Fausto Cremonesi, Emanuele Capra
Cell-derived microvesicles (MVs) are a recently discovered mechanism of cell-to-cell communication. Our previous data show that MVs secreted by equine amniotic mesenchymal-derived cells (AMCs) are involved in downregulation of proinflammatory genes in lipopolysaccharide-stressed equine tendon and endometrial cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether AMC-MVs contain selected microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in inflammation. Two pools of cells, derived from 3 amniotic membranes each, and their respective MVs were collected...
January 2018: Cell Transplantation
Bei Li, Yi-Li Zhang, Shou-Yi Yu
Objective The CC chemokine family member eotaxin-1, also named chemokine C-C motif ligand 11 (CCL11), has been detected in knee osteoarthritis (OA) and could induce breakdown of cartilage matrix. This study was performed to investigate the plasma and synovial fluid eotaxin-1 levels with the disease progression in elderly Han Chinese with primary knee OA. Design A total of 143 elderly primary knee OA patients and 135 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) was performed to evaluate the clinical severity...
March 1, 2018: Cartilage
Amandine Scandolera, Jane Hubert, Anne Humeau, Carole Lambert, Audrey De Bizemont, Chris Winkel, Abdelmajid Kaouas, Jean-Hugues Renault, Jean-Marc Nuzillard, Romain Reynaud
The aim of the present study was to investigate the neuro-soothing activity of a water-soluble hydrolysate obtained from the red microalgae Rhodosorus marinus Geitler (Stylonemataceae). Transcriptomic analysis performed on ≈100 genes related to skin biological functions firstly revealed that the crude Rhodosorus marinus extract was able to significantly negatively modulate specific genes involved in pro-inflammation (interleukin 1α encoding gene, IL1A) and pain detection related to tissue inflammation (nerve growth factor NGF and its receptor NGFR)...
March 17, 2018: Marine Drugs
H Wei, T L Dong, X H Yang
Objective: To evaluate the effect of Penehyclidine Hydrochloride Injection on pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion in aortic dissection surgery. Methods: This study was a prospective randomized controlled trial. Between September 2015 and October 2017 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, 60 patients with aortic dissection underwent total arch replacement surgery were randomly divided into penehyclidine hydrochloride group (group A 30 cases) and control group (group B 30 cases). Patients in group A were infused with penehyclidine hydrochloride 0...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Y Q Zhu, S P Ma, B Li, C Y Zheng, J Ma
Objective: To investigate the serum level of interleukin-38 (IL-38) and its clinical significance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Totally 72 patients with acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD group) and 65 patients with stable COPD (S-COPD group) were recruited from Tianjin Chest Hospital from June 2016 to August 2017. In the same period 40 elderly healthy subjects were selected as control group (C group). The general data and laboratory examination results of these subjects were recorded...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Gerd Meyer Zu Horste, Dariusz Przybylski, Markus A Schramm, Chao Wang, Alexandra Schnell, Youjin Lee, Raymond Sobel, Aviv Regev, Vijay K Kuchroo
The death receptor Fas removes activated lymphocytes through apoptosis. Previous transcriptional profiling predicted that Fas positively regulates interleukin-17 (IL-17)-producing T helper 17 (Th17) cells. Here, we demonstrate that Fas promoted the generation and stability of Th17 cells and prevented their differentiation into Th1 cells. Mice with T-cell- and Th17-cell-specific deletion of Fas were protected from induced autoimmunity, and Th17 cell differentiation and stability were impaired. Fas-deficient Th17 cells instead developed a Th1-cell-like transcriptional profile, which a new algorithm predicted to depend on STAT1...
March 20, 2018: Immunity
Abolfazl Namazi, Mohammad Forat-Yazdi, Mohammadali Jafari, Soudabeh Farahnak, Rezvan Nasiri, Elnaz Foroughi, Seyed Mojtaba Abolbaghaei, Hossein Neamatzadeh
BACKGROUND: The promoter -1082 A/G (rs1800896) polymorphism of Interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene have been widely reported and considered to have a significant role on gastric cancer risk, but the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the associations IL-10 -1082 A/G polymorphism with gastric cancer. METHODS: Eligible articles were identified by searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar up to August 03, 2017...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Anthony S Wierzbicki, Timothy M Reynolds, Adie Viljoen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A number of novel trials have assessed the efficacy of new lipid-lowering therapies in cardiovascular disease (CVD). RECENT FINDINGS: Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin-9 inhibitors reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by 50-55%. A CVD outcome trial in patients with acute coronary syndromes with evolocumab achieved a LDL-C of 0.8 mmol/l (31 mg/dl) and a 20% relative risk reduction in CVD events in 2.2 years. Cholesterol ester transfer protein inhibitors raise high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and can lower LDL-C...
March 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S S Arbid
The endocrine-disrupting chemical 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) can mimic estrogen and testosterone hormones and threaten health; fertaric acid (FA) is a hydroxycinnamic acid found in grapefruit. This study aimed to investigate whether FA has a protective effect on 4-tert-octylphenol-related hepatotoxicity. Thirty male albino rats were divided into 5 equal groups of 6 rats each as follows: control group-administrated orally with 1 ml saline 3 days/week for 4 weeks; corn oil group-administrated orally with 1 ml corn oil 3 days/week for 4 weeks; FA-treated group-administrated orally with FA (45 mg /kg body weight) dissolved in saline 3 days/week for 4 weeks; OP-treated group-administrated orally with OP (40 mg /kg body weight) dissolved in corn oil 3 days/week for 4 weeks; FA + OP-treated group-administrated orally with FA (45 mg /kg body weight) dissolved in saline 3 days/week for 4 weeks then administrated orally with OP (40 mg/kg body weight) dissolved in corn oil 3 days/week for another 4 weeks...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
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