keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

interleukin 1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793175/apolipoprotein-ciii-and-n-terminal-prohormone-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-as-independent-predictors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-type-2-diabetes
#1
Marco Colombo, Helen C Looker, Bassam Farran, Felix Agakov, M Julia Brosnan, Paul Welsh, Naveed Sattar, Shona Livingstone, Paul N Durrington, D John Betteridge, Paul M McKeigue, Helen M Colhoun
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Developing sparse panels of biomarkers for cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes would enable risk stratification for clinical decision making and selection into clinical trials. We examined the individual and joint performance of five candidate biomarkers for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 2 diabetes that an earlier discovery study had yielded. METHODS: Apolipoprotein CIII (apoCIII), N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high sensitivity Troponin T (hsTnT), Interleukin-6, and Interleukin-15 were measured in baseline serum samples from the Collaborative Atorvastatin Diabetes trial (CARDS) of atorvastatin versus placebo...
May 21, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793165/inhibition-of-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-mice-by-exogenous-thymosin%C3%AE-4-treatment
#2
Lei Wang, Xiankui Li, Cai Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of exogenous thymosinβ4 (Tβ4) treatment in acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity. METHODS: Liver injury was induced in mice by a single intraperitoneal injection of APAP (500 mg/kg). Exogenous Tβ4 was intraperitoneally administrated at 0 h, 2 h and 4 h after APAP injection. Chloroquine (CQ) (60 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected 2 h before APAP administration to inhibit autophagy. Six hours after APAP injection liver injury was evaluated by histological examinations, biochemical measurements and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISAs)...
May 21, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792901/identification-and-functional-characterization-including-cytokine-production-modulation-of-the-novel-chicken-interleukin-11
#3
Anh Duc Truong, Yeojin Hong, Deivendran Rengaraj, Janggeun Lee, Kyungbaek Lee, Yeong Ho Hong
Interleukin (IL)-11 plays an important role in the immune system. However, IL-11 has not yet been characterized in avian species, including chickens. This study is the first to clone and functionally characterize chicken IL-11 (chIL-11). Multiple alignments and phylogenetic tree comparisons of chIL-11 with IL-11 proteins from other species revealed high levels of conservation and a close relationship between chicken and Japanese quail IL-11. Our results demonstrate that chIL-11 was a functional ligand of IL-11RA and IL-6ST in chicken HD11 and OU2 cell lines, as well as activated and regulated JAK-STAT, NF-κB, PI3K/AKT, and MAPK signaling pathways in chicken cell lines...
May 21, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792868/ah6809-decreases-production-of-inflammatory-mediators-by-pge-2-ep2-camp-signaling-pathway-in-an-experimentally-induced-pure-cerebral-concussion-in-rats
#4
Ping Li, Hongyan Jiang, Haiying Wu, Deye Wu, Hengxi Li, Jianyun Yu, Jianghua Lai
Increasing evidence suggests that PGE2 metabolic pathway is involved in pathological changes of the secondary brain injury after traumatic brain injury. However, the underlying mechanisms, in particular, the correlation between various key enzymes and the brain injury, has remained to be fully explored. More specifically, it remains to be ascertained whether AH6809 (an EP2 receptor antagonist) would interfere with the downstream of the PGE2 , regulate the inflammatory mediators and improve neuronal damage in the hippocampus by PGE2 - EP2 - cAMP signaling pathway...
May 21, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792722/-laparoscopic-versus-open-left-pancreatectomy-surgical-stress-response-comparison-in-the-porcine-model
#5
R Pohnán, M Ryska, J Kalvach, L Hána, T Henlín, J Pejchal
INTRODUCTION: Although several techniques of laparoscopic left pancreatectomy have already been developed through experiments on animals and human patients, there is still insufficient information about their pathophysiological mechanisms, especially the impact on surgical stress. METHOD: In a group of 10 pigs, open left pancreatectomy was performed, and the other group of 10 pigs underwent laparoscopic left pancreatectomy. Postoperative stress was compared by determining serum levels of leukocytes, interleukin 1, 6 and CRP from peripheral venous blood collection...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792388/cerebral-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-could-be-managed-by-using-tramadol
#6
Ibrahim Akkurt, Cansel Cetin, Ahmet Melih Erdogan, Gungor Cagdas Dincel, Aslı Fahriye Ceylan, Ucler Kisa, Jonathan Oppong, Adem Akkurt, Mustafa Ogden, Bulent Bakar
OBJECTIVES: No valid treatment modality that will repair stroke damage and provide neurological recovery has yet been identified in literature. Studies demonstrated that adequate quality of life could be provided if post-stroke pain could be treated sufficiently and timely. Besides its pain relief effects, tramadol has oedema-reducing and anti-inflammatory properties. With these in mind, this study investigated the influence of tramadol in acute and/or chronic ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury...
May 24, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792386/disparate-effects-of-shb-gene-deficiency-on-disease-characteristics-in-murine-models-of-myeloid-b-cell-and-t-cell-leukemia
#7
Maria Jamalpour, Xiujuan Li, Karin Gustafsson, Jeffrey W Tyner, Michael Welsh
The Src homology-2 domain protein B is an adaptor protein operating downstream of tyrosine kinases. The Shb gene knockout has been found to accelerate p210 Breakpoint cluster region-cAbl oncogene 1 tyrosine kinase-induced leukemia. In human myeloid leukemia were tumors with high Src homology-2 domain protein B mRNA content, tumors were, however, associated with decreased latency and myeloid leukemia exhibiting immune cell characteristics. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Shb knockout on the development of leukemia in three additional models, that is, colony stimulating factor 3 receptor-T618I-induced neutrophilic leukemia, p190 Breakpoint cluster region-cAbl oncogene 1 tyrosine kinase-induced B-cell leukemia, and G12D-Kras-induced T-cell leukemia/thymic lymphoma...
April 2018: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792288/tralokinumab-for-severe-uncontrolled-asthma-stratos-1-and-stratos-2-two-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3-clinical-trials
#8
Reynold A Panettieri, Ulf Sjöbring, AnnaMaria Péterffy, Peter Wessman, Karin Bowen, Edward Piper, Gene Colice, Christopher E Brightling
BACKGROUND: Tralokinumab is an anti-interleukin-13 human monoclonal antibody developed for the treatment of severe, uncontrolled asthma. These clinical trials aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of tralokinumab in this population. METHODS: STRATOS 1 and STRATOS 2 were randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, phase 3 clinical trials that enrolled participants aged 12-75 years with severe asthma that was inadequately controlled despite use of inhaled corticosteroids (≥500 μg per day fluticasone or equivalent) and a long-acting β2 agonist (but not oral corticosteroids)...
May 18, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791931/effectiveness-of-a-crocus-sativus-extract-on-burn-wounds-in-rats
#9
Esmat Alemzadeh, Ahmad Oryan
Crocus sativus is a spice with various pharmacological properties. Crocin, picrocrocin, and safranal are the main compositions of saffron that have recently been considered in the therapy of many diseases. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed presence of these compounds in our saffron extract. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of saffron on burn wound healing at an in vivo model. Saffron was topically applied on burn wounds in rats; the percentage of wound closure, wound contraction, and the levels of main cytokines and growth factors were measured...
May 23, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791877/enzyme-assisted-extraction-chemical-characteristics-and-immunostimulatory-activity-of-polysaccharides-from-korean-ginseng-panax-ginseng-meyer
#10
Young-Ran Song, Su-Kyung Sung, Mi Jang, Tae-Gyu Lim, Chang-Won Cho, Chun-Ji Han, Hee-Do Hong
In this study, enzyme-assisted extraction was used to isolate functional polysaccharides from Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer) and the physicochemical and biological properties of the extracted polysaccharides were investigated, comparing with those from traditional hot-water extraction (FGWP). In macrophages, their effects on cytokines production could be ordered as FGEP-CA ≥ FGEP-A > FGEP-C > FGWP, suggesting that FGEP-CA (combined cellulase- and α-amylase-extracted polysaccharide) is a potent immunostimulator...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791256/nlrp6-induces-pyroptosis-by-activation-of-caspase-1-in-gingival-fibroblasts
#11
W Liu, J Liu, W Wang, Y Wang, X Ouyang
NLRP6, a member of the nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat-containing (NLR) innate immune receptor family, has been reported to participate in inflammasome formation. Activation of inflammasome triggers a caspase-1-dependent programming cell death called pyroptosis. However, whether NLRP6 induces pyroptosis has not been investigated. In this study, we showed that NLRP6 overexpression activated caspase-1 and gasdermin-D and then induced pyroptosis of human gingival fibroblasts, resulting in release of proinflammatory mediators interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790749/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-8-hydroxydaidzein-in-lps-stimulated-bv2-microglial-cells-via-activation-of-nrf2-antioxidant-and-attenuation-of-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-inflammatory-signaling-pathways-as-well-as-inhibition-of-cox-2-activity
#12
Pei-Shan Wu, Hsiou-Yu Ding, Jui-Hung Yen, Shu-Fen Chen, Kuan-Han Lee, Ming-Jiuan Wu
It was demonstrated that isoflavones can cross the blood-brain barrier, making them desirable candidate agents for the prevention of neurological symptoms. 8-Hydroxydaidzein (8-OHD, 4',7,8-trihydoxyisoflavone) is an isoflavone found only in fermented soy food. Current results showed that 8-OHD inhibited LPS-stimulated production of nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6, by inhibiting gene expression in BV2 microglial cells. Moreover, 8-OHD markedly quenched reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activated NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) so as to upregulate expression of Phase II enzymes, including heme oxygenase (HO)-1, NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1), and the modifier subunit of glutamate cysteine ligase (GCLM)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790392/interleukin-1-receptor-il-1r1-activation-exacerbates-toxin-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#13
Jamie R Privratsky, Jiandong Zhang, Xiaohan Lu, Nathan Rudemiller, Qingqing Wei, Yen-Rei Yu, Michael Dee Gunn, Steven D Crowley
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Cisplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent whose administration is limited by nephrotoxicity. Therapies to prevent cisplatin-induced AKI are lacking. While tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of cisplatin nephrotoxicity, the immune signaling pathways that trigger TNF generation in this context require elucidation. Sterile injury triggers the release and activation of both isoforms of interleukin(IL)-1, IL-1α and IL-1β, and stimulation of the interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R1) by these ligands engages a pro-inflammatory signaling cascade that induces TNF induction...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790065/extract-of-fructus-schisandrae-chinensis-inhibits-neuroinflammation-mediator-production-from-microglia-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BA-b-and-mapk-pathways
#14
Fang-Jiao Song, Ke-Wu Zeng, Jin-Feng Chen, Yuan Li, Xiao-Min Song, Peng-Fei Tu, Xue-Mei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anti-neuroinflammation effect of extract of Fructus Schisandrae chinensis (EFSC) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BV-2 cells and the possible involved mechanisms. METHODS: Primary cortical neurons were isolated from embryonic (E17-18) cortices of Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mouse fetuses. Primary microglia and astroglia were isolated from the frontal cortices of newborn ICR mouse. Different cells were cultured in specific culture medium...
May 22, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789477/ms-ms-guided-isolation-of-clarinoside-a-new-anti-inflammatory-pentalogin-derivative
#15
Coralie Audoin, Adam Zampalégré, Natacha Blanchet, Alexandre Giuliani, Emmanuel Roulland, Olivier Laprévote, Grégory Genta-Jouve
Re-investigation of the chemical composition of the annual plant Mitracarpus scaber Zucc. led to the identification of clarinoside, a new pentalogin derivative containing a rare quinovose moiety, and the known compound harounoside. While the planar structure was fully determined using tandem mass spectrometry (MS) and quantum mechanics (QM) calculations, the tridimensional structure was unravelled after isolation and NMR analysis. The absolute configuration was assigned by comparison of experimental and theoretical synchrotron radiation circular dichroism spectra...
May 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788817/inducible-nitric-oxide-inhibitor-aminoguanidine-ameliorated-oxidative-stress-interleukin-6-concentration-and-improved-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-the-brain-tissues-of-neonates-born-from-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-exposed-rats
#16
Amir Asghari, Mahmoud Hosseini, Farimah Beheshti, Mohammad Naser Shafei, Soghra Mehri
INTRODUCTION: An interaction between oxidative stress, neuroinflammation and nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested to have a role neurotoxicity. The aim of current research was to investigate the effect of aminoguanidine (AG) as an inducible NO synthase (iNOS) inhibitor, on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), oxidative stress and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations in the brain tissues of neonates born from the rats exposed to titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) during gestation was...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788474/umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation-corrects-very-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-chinese-patients-with-il10ra-associated-immune-deficiency
#17
Kaiyue Peng, Xiaowen Qian, Zhiheng Huang, Junping Lu, Yuhuan Wang, Ying Zhou, Huijun Wang, Bingbing Wu, Ying Wang, Lingli Chen, Xiaowen Zhai, Ying Huang
Background: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is considered the only curative therapy for very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease with specific immune defects, such as interleukin-10 receptor deficiency. We performed reduced-intensity conditioning before umbilical cord blood transplantation in patients with interleukin-10 receptor-A deficiency. Methods: We enrolled 9 very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease patients with typical manifestations. We diagnosed the patients with interleukin-10 receptor-A deficiency by whole-exome sequencing...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788452/glutamine-alleviates-heat-stress-induced-impairment-of-intestinal-morphology-intestinal-inflammatory-response-and-barrier-integrity-in-broilers
#18
Q J Wu, N Liu, X H Wu, G Y Wang, L Lin
The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of glutamine (Gln) on the intestinal morphology, intestinal inflammatory response, and barrier integrity in broilers exposed to high ambient temperature. Three-hundred-sixty 21-d-old Arbor Acres broilers (half male and half female) were randomly allocated to 4 treatment groups in a completely randomized design, each of which included 6 replicates with 15 birds per replicate, for 21 d. The 4 treatment groups were as follows: the control group, in which birds were kept in a thermoneutral room at 22 ± 1°C (no stress, NS; fed a basal diet); the heat stress group (36 ± 1°C for 10 h/d from 08:00 to 18:00 h and 22 ± 1°C for the remaining time, heat stress (HT); fed a basal diet); and heat stress + Gln group (0...
May 17, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788156/systemic-inflammation-markers-after-simplification-to-atazanavir-ritonavir-plus-lamivudine-in-virologically-suppressed-hiv-1-infected-patients-atlas-m-substudy
#19
Simone Belmonti, Francesca Lombardi, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Alessandra Latini, Antonella Castagna, Alberto Borghetti, Gianmaria Baldin, Arturo Ciccullo, Roberto Cauda, Andrea De Luca, Simona Di Giambenedetto
Background: Biomarkers of systemic inflammation predict non-AIDS events and overall mortality in virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients. Objectives: To determine whether switching to a dual antiretroviral maintenance therapy was associated with modification of biomarkers of systemic inflammation as compared with continuation of successful standard triple therapy. Methods: In this substudy of the randomized ATLAS-M trial, we compared in virologically suppressed patients the impact at 1 year of simplification to a dual therapy with atazanavir/ritonavir plus lamivudine versus maintaining atazanavir/ritonavir plus two NRTI triple therapy on markers of systemic inflammation...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788096/pnaktide-ameliorates-renal-interstitial-fibrosis-through-inhibition-of-sodium-potassium-adenosine-triphosphatase-mediated-signaling-pathways-in-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction-mice
#20
Xi Cheng, Yi Song, Yu Wang
Background: Sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na/K-ATPase) has been shown to regulate Src activity by combining with Src to keep it in an inactive form. We previously reported that Na/K-ATPase was downregulated in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) animals. In this study, we examined whether inhibition of Na/K-ATPase-mediated Src signaling pathways ameliorated renal interstitial fibrosis induced by UUO. Methods: UUO was performed on male C57BL/6J mice...
May 17, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
keyword
keyword
56099
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"