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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241334/moving-the-needle-on-recovery-from-breast-cancer-the-healing-role-of-postmastectomy-tattoos
#1
David Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241108/external-quality-assurance-in-nongynecologic-cytology-the-australasian-experience
#2
Paul W Shield, Felicity Frost, Jo L Finnimore, R Gordon Wright, Margaret C Cummings
BACKGROUND: The Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Cytopathology Quality Assurance Program has operated an external quality assurance program in nongynecologic cytopathology since 1993. Glass slide preparations of a wide range of nongynecologic cases were circulated to approximately 200 cytopathology laboratories in 16 countries. METHODS: General nongynecologic cytology cases were manufactured from residual specimens after routine diagnosis. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cases were made by sampling fresh tissue and making direct specimens...
February 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240568/-re-moving-the-needle-prospects-for-all-oral-treatment-for-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#3
M Milstein, A Brzezinski, F Varaine, C D Mitnick
BACKGROUND: Currently recommended regimens for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) contain painful daily injections and are unsuccessful in approximately half of patients. Removal of the injectable agent to fashion all-oral regimens could transform MDR-TB treatment and access to care. OBJECTIVE: To explore evidence for all-oral treatment regimens. DESIGN: We review evidence on drugs that could be included in injection-free MDR-TB regimens...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240424/intraductal-carcinoma-of-the-prostate-on-diagnostic-needle-biopsy-predicts-prostate-cancer-mortality-a-population-based-study
#4
Thorstein Saeter, Ljiljana Vlatkovic, Gudmund Waaler, Einar Servoll, Jahn M Nesland, Karol Axcrona, Ulrika Axcrona
BACKGROUND: Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) is a distinct histopathologic feature associated with high-grade, advanced prostate cancer. Although studies have shown that IDC-P is a predictor of progression following surgical or radiation treatment for prostate cancer, there are sparse data regarding IDC-P on diagnostic needle biopsy as a prognosticator of prostate cancer mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a population-based study of all prostate cancer patients diagnosed using needle biopsy and without evidence of systemic disease between 1991 and 1999 within a defined geographic region of Norway...
February 27, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239553/on-the-use-of-an-optoacoustic-and-laser-ultrasonic-imaging-system-for-assessing-peripheral-intravenous-access
#5
A S Bychkov, V P Zarubin, A A Karabutov, V A Simonova, E B Cherepetskaya
We describe a universal system for research in combined real-time optoacoustic (OA) and laser-ultrasonic (LU) imaging. The results of its testing on the task of needle insertion into the blood vessel model diagnostics are presented. In OA mode, where laser light is absorbed directly in the sample, the contents of blood vessel model is clearly visible. In LU mode, where the short ultrasonic probe pulse scattered on the sample is detected, the needle is clearly visible. The developed solution combining OA and LU imaging modalities due to the common detection system allowed real-time diagnostics of the position of medical needles (0...
March 2017: Photoacoustics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239509/system-design-and-development-of-a-robotic-device-for-automated-venipuncture-and-diagnostic-blood-cell-analysis
#6
Max L Balter, Alvin I Chen, Alex Fromholtz, Alex Gorshkov, Tim J Maguire, Martin L Yarmush
Diagnostic blood testing is the most prevalent medical procedure performed in the world and forms the cornerstone of modern health care delivery. Yet blood tests are still predominantly carried out in centralized labs using large-volume samples acquired by manual venipuncture, and no end-to-end solution from blood draw to sample analysis exists today. Our group is developing a platform device that merges robotic phlebotomy with automated diagnostics to rapidly deliver patient information at the site of the blood draw...
October 2016: Proceedings of the ... IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238758/pathological-findings-in-multiparametric-mri-ultrasound-fusion-guided-biopsy-relation-to-prostate-cancer-focal-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Jennifer Gordetsky, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Jonathan I Epstein
The introduction of widespread prostate-specific antigen screening brought about an increase in the detection of clinically low-risk prostate cancer. Many of these patients are overtreated by radical prostatectomy and radiation. Comparatively, focal therapy for prostate cancer offers the advantage of decreased rates of incontinence and impotence. The 12-core extended sextant transrectal ultrasound-guided needle biopsy is unable to safely identify candidates for focal therapy. Multiparametric-MRI and MRI/Ultrasound fusion-guided biopsy can detect more clinically-significant prostate cancers and aid in accurate detection of higher-grade disease...
February 23, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238560/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-modalities-for-287-malignant-and-benign-salivary-tumors-a-cohort-study
#8
Yair Israel, Adi Rachmiel, Gil Ziv, Rafael Nagler
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland tumors (SGT's), 3-10% of head/neck tumors, exhibit a striking range of morphological diversity. This minimally symptomatic disease can be challenging to diagnose, and therapeutic policy is still controversial. METHODS: We compared benign and malignant cohorts according to diagnostic modality utilized and therapeutic modality administered over 20 years in a single medical center. RESULTS: Of 287 cases, 216 had benign tumors and 71 had malignant tumors...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238447/temporising-extradural-haematoma-by-craniostomy-using-an-intraosseous-needle
#9
Harry Bulstrode, Silvester Kabwama, Andrew Durnford, Jonathan Hempenstall, Aabir Chakraborty
We report a novel application of intraosseous needle drainage, alleviating raised intracranial pressure due to extradural haematoma. The potential application of this technique in preventing secondary brain injury and herniation during transfer to a neurosurgical unit is discussed.
February 20, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238415/the-outcome-of-papillary-lesions-of-the-breast-diagnosed-by-standard-core-needle-biopsy-within-a-breastscreen-australia-service
#10
Jane E Armes, Christine Galbraith, Janet Gray, Kathleen Taylor
Papillary lesions of the breast are most commonly diagnosed via mammographic screening. The standard practice has been to excise these lesions, since a subset of papillary lesions are neoplastic. However, this approach leads to a high proportion of negative excisions. In order to identify papillary lesions which could be managed by surveillance alone, we assessed the outcome of 103 papillary lesions diagnosed on core needle biopsy in a public screening program. Subsequent excision biopsy led to an upgrade to malignancy in 30% of cases...
February 23, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238191/two-cases-of-resectable-pancreatic-cancer-diagnosed-by-open-surgical-biopsy-after-endoscopic-ultrasound-fine-needle-aspiration-failed-to-yield-diagnosis-case-reports
#11
Reishi Toshiyama, Takehiro Noda, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Daisaku Yamada, Tadafumi Asaoka, Hiroshi Wada, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Gotoh, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Eiichi Morii, Koji Umeshita, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: Tumor biopsy for histological diagnosis is required preoperatively and before initiating chemotherapy or radiation therapy for patients with pancreatic cancer (Cancer of the Pancreas: Clinical Practice Guidelines, European Society for Medical Oncology). Endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is widely applied to obtain tissue samples for histological examination. However, in some cases, EUS-FNA cannot be performed safely or tissue samples are insufficient to establish a definitive diagnosis...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237644/surgery-for-pancreatic-neoplasms-how-accurate-are-our-surgical-indications
#12
David Jérémie Birnbaum, Sébastien Gaujoux, Julie Berbis, Safi Dokmak, Pascal Hammel, Marie Pierre Vullierme, Philippe Lévy, Alain Sauvanet
BACKGROUND: Accurate preoperative diagnosis is critical for the determination of appropriate surgical indications. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of preoperative diagnosis and indications for operative therapy for presumed pancreatic neoplasms. METHODS: From 2005 to 2013, 851 patients underwent pancreatectomies for presumed pancreatic neoplasms. A formal preoperative diagnosis was established during a multidisciplinary tumor board and compared to the final pathologic examination...
February 22, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237461/the-history-of-mercury-pollution-near-the-spolana-chlor-alkali-plant-neratovice-czech-republic-as-recorded-by-scots-pine-tree-rings-and-other-bioindicators
#13
Tomáš Navrátil, Martin Šimeček, James B Shanley, Jan Rohovec, Maria Hojdová, Jakub Houška
We assessed >100years of mercury (Hg) pollution recorded in the tree rings of Scots Pine near a Czech chlor-alkali plant operating since 1941. Hg concentrations in tree rings increased with the launching of plant operations and decreased when Hg emissions decreased in 1975 due to an upgrade in production technology. Similar to traditional bioindicators of pollution such as pine needles, bark and forest floor humus, Hg concentrations in Scots Pine boles decreased with distance from the plant. Mean Hg in pine bole in the 1940s ranged from 32...
February 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237310/sampling-design-and-required-sample-size-for-evaluating-contamination-levels-of-137-cs-in-japanese-fir-needles-in-a-mixed-deciduous-forest-stand-in-fukushima-japan
#14
Yurika Oba, Toshihiro Yamada
We estimated the sample size (the number of samples) required to evaluate the concentration of radiocesium ((137)Cs) in Japanese fir (Abies firma Sieb. & Zucc.), 5 years after the outbreak of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. We investigated the spatial structure of the contamination levels in this species growing in a mixed deciduous broadleaf and evergreen coniferous forest stand. We sampled 40 saplings with a tree height of 150 cm-250 cm in a Fukushima forest community. The results showed that: (1) there was no correlation between the (137)Cs concentration in needles and soil, and (2) the difference in the spatial distribution pattern of (137)Cs concentration between needles and soil suggest that the contribution of root uptake to (137)Cs in new needles of this species may be minor in the 5 years after the radionuclides were released into the atmosphere...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237123/temporal-trends-in-intravenous-thrombolysis-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#15
Dheeraj Khurana, Biplab Das, Ashok Kumar, Amith Kumar S, Niranjan Khandelwal, Vivek Lal, Sudesh Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a time-dependent treatable cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite the increasing stroke incidence in developing countries, parallel increasing stroke thrombolysis rates have not been documented. AIM: This study aims to determine trends in patient characteristics and rates of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) use in AIS patients in a tertiary care center in northern India. METHODS: All AIS patients presenting within 8 hours of symptoms onset from January 2011 to December 2015 were enrolled and analyzed...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236271/glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-treatment-attributes-important-to-injection-experienced-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-preference-study-in-germany-and-the-united-kingdom
#16
Lei Qin, Stephanie Chen, Emuella Flood, Alka Shaunik, Beverly Romero, Marie de la Cruz, Cynthia Alvarez, Susan Grandy
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the relative importance of treatment-related attributes in influencing patient preferences for glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) among injection-experienced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in Germany and the United Kingdom. METHODS: T2DM patients experienced with injecting once-weekly (QW) exenatide or once-daily (QD) liraglutide completed an online discrete-choice experiment (DCE) survey. Patients chose between hypothetical blinded treatment profiles reflecting attributes of GLP-1RAs...
February 24, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236129/new-supplemental-landmark-for-the-greater-palatine-foramen-as-found-deep-to-soft-tissue-application-for-the-greater-palatine-nerve-block
#17
Joe Iwanaga, Vlad Voin, Allen Ali Nasseh, Junta Kido, Teppei Tsukiyama, Yasuhiko Kamura, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Christian Fisahn, Fernando Alonso, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
PURPOSE: Many researches have investigated the morphology of the greater palatine foramina using dry skulls and cone-beam computed tomography. In most studies, some structures in the hard tissue have been measured and statistically analyzed. However, none of the studies has analyzed this foramen in regard to its location with overlying soft tissues, which is so clinically relevant. Therefore, this study was performed to provide the knowledge about relationship between the greater palatine foramen and foveola palatina for a better understanding of dental procedures such as greater palatine nerve block...
February 24, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236117/3d-ultrasound-registration-based-visual-servoing-for-neurosurgical-navigation
#18
Oliver Zettinig, Benjamin Frisch, Salvatore Virga, Marco Esposito, Anna Rienmüller, Bernhard Meyer, Christoph Hennersperger, Yu-Mi Ryang, Nassir Navab
PURPOSE: We present a fully image-based visual servoing framework for neurosurgical navigation and needle guidance. The proposed servo-control scheme allows for compensation of target anatomy movements, maintaining high navigational accuracy over time, and automatic needle guide alignment for accurate manual insertions. METHOD: Our system comprises a motorized 3D ultrasound (US) transducer mounted on a robotic arm and equipped with a needle guide. It continuously registers US sweeps in real time with a pre-interventional plan based on CT or MR images and annotations...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236012/application-of-a-computer-assisted-flexible-endoscope-system-for-transoral-surgery-of-the-hypopharynx-and-upper-esophagus
#19
Daniel T Friedrich, M O Scheithauer, J Greve, N Rotter, J Doescher, T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler
Zenker's diverticulum is a common pathology in the transition zone of the posterior hypopharynx and esophagus. Surgical treatment is routinely performed by ENT and general surgeons. Besides the traditional open transcervical diverticulectomy, the introduction of transoral rigid treatment led to a paradigm change and is now the preferred treatment option for patients who are fit for general anesthesia. The implementation of interventional flexible endoscopy has opened another new micro-invasive approach for patients with high morbidity...
February 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235725/the-generator-site-in-acquired-autoimmune-neuromyotonia
#20
Miguel Oliveira Santos, Michael Swash, Mamede de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the origin of ectopic activity in neuromyotonia (NMT). METHODS: We studied two patients. In addition to routine studies, we tested synchronicity of spontaneous discharges in different motor units in simultaneous recordings made with two needle electrodes in the first dorsal interosseus muscle. Time-locked fasciculations in these double recordings would represent abnormal ectopic activity initiated in a nerve trunk with ephaptic stimulation of a nearby axon...
February 5, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
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