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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792462/extreme-teams-toward-a-greater-understanding-of-multiagency-teamwork-during-major-emergencies-and-disasters
#1
Nicola Power
Major emergencies are extreme team decision making environments. They are complex, dynamic, high-stakes and fast paced events, wherein successful resolution is contingent upon effective teamwork. Not only do emergency teams coordinate at the intrateam level (e.g., police team), but they are increasingly required to operate at the interteam level (e.g., police, fire and ambulance teams). This is in response to the desire for networked and cost-effective practice and due to the evolving nature of modern threats, such as extreme weather events and terrorist attacks, which require a multi- rather than single-agency response...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792178/anti-ganglioside-complex-antibody-profiles-in-a-recurrent-complicated-case-of-gq1b-seronegative-miller-fisher-syndrome-and-bickerstaff-brainstem-encephalitis-a-case-report
#2
Hiroto Ito, Yuki Hatanaka, Yuki Fukami, Yumiko Harada, Rei Kobayashi, Hisashi Okada, Ayumi Uchibori, Atsuro Chiba, Satoshi Okuda
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) and Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis (BBE) are a group of autoimmune neurological disorders (GBS spectrum disorder) that rarely recur. Recently, anti-ganglioside complex antibodies (GSC-Abs) were identified in patients with GBS spectrum disorder. However, there has been no case report describing GSC-Abs profiles in a recurrent case showing different phenotypes. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 33-year-old male patient with GQ1b-seronegative BBE-GBS after two prior episodes of MFS-GBS...
May 23, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792142/collaboration-of-the-joint-research-centre-and-the-european-customs-laboratories-for-identification-of-new-psychoactive-substances
#3
Claude Guillou, Fabiano Reniero, Joana Lobo Pereira Vicente, Margaret Holland, Kamil Kolar, Hubert Chassaigne, Salvatore Tirendi, Herve Schepers
The emergence of designer drugs as substances of abuse has seen a dramatic increase over the last few years. Customs officials are responsible for the control of products entering the European Union (EU) market. This control applies to chemicals in general, pharmaceutical products and medicines. Numerous products imported from non-EU countries, often -declared as 'bath salts' or 'fertilizers', may in fact contain new psychoactive substance (NPS). These are not necessarily controlled under international law, but are subject to monitoring in agreement with EU legislation...
May 23, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792051/predicting-suicide-attempts-and-suicide-deaths-following-outpatient-visits-using-electronic-health-records
#4
Gregory E Simon, Eric Johnson, Jean M Lawrence, Rebecca C Rossom, Brian Ahmedani, Frances L Lynch, Arne Beck, Beth Waitzfelder, Rebecca Ziebell, Robert B Penfold, Susan M Shortreed
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to develop and validate models using electronic health records to predict suicide attempt and suicide death following an outpatient visit. METHOD: Across seven health systems, 2,960,929 patients age 13 or older (mean age, 46 years; 62% female) made 10,275,853 specialty mental health visits and 9,685,206 primary care visits with mental health diagnoses between Jan. 1, 2009, and June 30, 2015. Health system records and state death certificate data identified suicide attempts (N=24,133) and suicide deaths (N=1,240) over 90 days following each visit...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791967/global-emergency-medicine-a-review-of-the-literature-from-2017
#5
Torben K Becker, Indi Trehan, Alison Schroth Hayward, Braden J Hexom, Sean M Kivlehan, Kevin M Lunney, Payal Modi, Maxwell Osei-Ampofo, Amelia Pousson, Daniel K Cho, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: The Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) conducts an annual search of peer-reviewed and gray literature relevant to global emergency medicine (EM) to identify, review, and disseminate the most important new research in this field to a global audience of academics and clinical practitioners. METHODS: This year, 17,722 articles written in three languages were identified by our electronic search. These articles were distributed among 20 reviewers for initial screening based on their relevance to the field of global EM...
May 23, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791942/emerging-viral-infections-and-their-impact-on-the-global-burden-of-neurological-disease
#6
Laura S Muñoz, Maria A Garcia, Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Beatriz Parra, Carlos A Pardo
Emerging viral infections of the nervous system represent a major global public health concern in the 21st century. They are caused primarily by RNA viruses and are mostly associated with acute or subacute encephalitis. The spectrum of associated central or peripheral nervous system disorders is broad, and results either from a direct viral effect or due to the host immune responses against the infection. Emerging viral infections impose substantial neurological morbidity and mortality, particularly in low- and middle-income regions...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791888/boosted-nutritional-quality-of-food-by-co-2-enrichment-fails-to-offset-energy-demand-of-herbivores-under-ocean-warming-causing-energy-depletion-and-mortality
#7
Jonathan Y S Leung, Ivan Nagelkerken, Bayden D Russell, Camilo M Ferreira, Sean D Connell
The CO2 -boosted trophic transfer from primary producers to herbivores has been increasingly discovered at natural CO2 vents and in laboratory experiments. Despite the emerging knowledge of this boosting effect, we do not know the extent to which it may be enhanced or dampened by ocean warming. We investigated whether ocean acidification and warming enhance the nutritional quality (C:N ratio) and energy content of turf algae, which is speculated to drive higher feeding rate, greater energy budget and eventually faster growth of herbivores...
May 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791882/simulation-based-assessment-of-the-impact-of-fertiliser-and-herbicide-application-on-freshwater-ecosystems-at-the-three-gorges-reservoir-in-china
#8
Björn Scholz-Starke, Li Bo, Andreas Holbach, Stefan Norra, Tilman Floehr, Henner Hollert, Martina Roß-Nickoll, Andreas Schäffer, Richard Ottermanns
Dams have profound impacts on river ecosystems, amongst them inundation of land, altered dynamics of the water body or uprising reservoir backwaters influencing tributary or upstream river sections. Along the outstandingly ecologically important Yangtze River in China, the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) is the largest project, covering an area of 1080 km2 . From the beginning, the dam-project came in for criticism on increasing environmental risks due to sub-merging former industrial and urban areas. We simulated dynamics of biotic and abiotic components of the TGR ecosystem (trophic guilds of aquatic organisms, hydrodynamics, nutrients), as well as the behaviour of the herbicidal substance propanil and its metabolites 3,4-Dichloroaniline (DCA) and 3,3',4,4'-tetrachloroazoxybenzene (TCAB)...
May 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791734/implementing-aeiotu-quality-improvement-alongside-an-efficacy-study-learning-while-growing
#9
Milagros Nores, Alexandra Figueras-Daniel, Maria Adelaida Lopez, Raquel Bernal
Effectiveness trials of increasing childhood development interventions across low- and middle-income countries have shown significant variability. The strength and consistency of benefits for children are dependent on program quality, and this requires paying attention to program implementation. In this paper, we summarize findings on program quality and teacher practices and perceptions for the aeioTU program, a center-based Reggio-inspired program in Colombia, now serving more than 13,000 children. The research found engaged, committed staff who valued the emergent approach and understood the children as requiring opportunities to express themselves, being the source for the curriculum, and having relationships with the materials around them...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791492/characterization-of-the-caspase-family-in-zebrafish
#10
Olivia Spead, Tine Verreet, Cory J Donelson, Fabienne E Poulain
First discovered for their role in mediating programmed cell death and inflammatory responses, caspases have now emerged as crucial regulators of other cellular and physiological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and survival. In the developing nervous system, for instance, the non-apoptotic functions of caspases have been shown to play critical roles in the formation of neuronal circuits by regulating axon outgrowth, guidance and pruning. How caspase activity is spatially and temporally maintained at sub-lethal levels within cells remains however poorly understood, especially in vivo...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791450/significant-acceleration-of-emergency-response-using-smartphone-geolocation-data-and-a-worldwide-emergency-call-support-system
#11
Michael Weinlich, Peter Kurz, Melissa B Blau, Felix Walcher, Stefan Piatek
IMPORTANCE: When patients are disorientated or experience language barriers, it is impossible to activate the emergency response system. In these cases, the delay for receiving appropriate help can extend to several hours. OBJECTIVES: A worldwide emergency call support system (ECSS), including geolocation of modern smartphones (GPS, WLAN and LBS), was established referring to E911 and eCall systems. The system was tested for relevance in quickly forwarding abroad emergency calls to emergency medical services (EMS)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791021/immtac-anti-pd-1-combination-to-enhance-killing-of-cancer-cells-by-reversing-treg-mediated-immunosuppression
#12
Huanling Zhang, Yanyan Li, Xiaoping Liu, Zhaoduan Liang, Mengyong Yan, Qiang Liu, Anan Chen, Yifeng Bao, Chengzhi Zhou, Shiyue Li, Cassian Yee, Yi Li
Recently, bi-functional molecules that can redirect immune effectors to tumor cells have emerged as potentially robust mediators of tumor regression in clinical trials. Two modalities, in particular, bi-specific antibodies for T cell redirection and activation (BiTe) and immune-mobilizing monoclonal T-cell receptors against cancer (ImmTAC) are being evaluated in efficacy studies as 'off-the-shelf' reagents. Optimal therapy will require an understanding and means to address regulatory mechanisms of limiting efficacy...
May 23, 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791006/examining-the-influence-of-professional-emergency-management-coordinators-driving-preparedness-and-resilience-on-university-campuses
#13
Stephen A Murphy, Maureen Lichtveld
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the compliance with disaster management recommendations of ensuring a full-time, dedicated professional is responsible for coordinating disaster management programs. This research targets a subset of institutions of higher education (IHEs) in the United States at risk of annual hurricane threats or having experienced an active shooter incident near campus. DESIGN: A comprehensive Web-based assessment was conducted to determine the Web presence of emergency management of 265 IHEs with student enrollment greater than 2,000 in coastal states at risk of annual Atlantic Hurricane landfalls...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791001/plain-language-emergency-alert-codes-the-importance-of-direct-impact-statements-in-hospital-emergency-alerts
#14
Kristopher J Prickett, Kay Williams-Prickett
The nature of an emergency is not predictable, and no two emergencies are alike. In response to this unpredictable nature, healthcare facilities across the nation have adopted a system of emergency codes to notify staff of an emergent situation, often without alerting patients and visitors to the crises. However, the system of emergency codes varies significantly within most states and even within healthcare coalition regions. This variation in codes leads to not only the potential for staff confusion, considering many healthcare providers work within multiple healthcare centers, but also decreases the amount of transparency a healthcare center projects to its patients and visitors...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790983/climate-change-and-one-health
#15
Jakob Zinsstag, Lisa Crump, Esther Schelling, Jan Hattendorf, Yahya Osman Maidane, Kadra Osman Ali, Abdifatah Muhummed, Abdurezak Adem Umer, Ferzua Aliyi, Faisal Nooh, Mohammed Ibrahim Abdikadir, Seid Mohammed Ali, Stella Hartinger, Daniel Mäusezahl, Monica Berger Gonzalez de White, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Danilo Alvarez Castillo, John McCracken, Fayiz Abakar, Colin Cercamondi, Sandro Emmenegger, Edith Maier, Simon Karanja, Isabelle Bolon, Rafael Ruiz de Castañeda, Bassirou Bonfoh, Rea Tschopp, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Guéladio Cissé
The journal The Lancet recently published a countdown on health and climate change. Attention was focused solely on humans. However, animals, including wildlife, livestock and pets, may also be impacted by climate change. Complementary to the high relevance of awareness rising for protecting humans against climate change, here we present a One Health approach, which aims at the simultaneous protection of humans, animals and the environment from climate change impacts (climate change adaptation). We postulate that integrated approaches save human and animal lives and reduce costs when compared to public and animal health sectors working separately...
June 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790500/application-of-lanthanide-luminescence-in-probing-enzyme-activity
#16
Sarah H Hewitt, Stephen J Butler
Enzymes play critical roles in the regulation of cellular function and are implicated in numerous disease conditions. Reliable and practicable assays are required to study enzyme activity, to facilitate the discovery of inhibitors and activators of enzymes related to disease. In recent years, a variety of enzyme assays have been devised that utilise luminescent lanthanide(iii) complexes, taking advantage of their high detection sensitivities, long luminescence lifetimes, and line-like emission spectra that permit ratiometric and time-resolved analyses...
May 23, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790445/a-study-of-deficiencies-in-teamwork-skills-among-jordan-caregivers
#17
Omar Al-Araidah, Nader Al Theeb, Mariam Bader, Nabeel Mandahawi
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present the deficiencies in teamwork skills at Jordan hospitals as seen by team members. The study aims to identify training needs to improve teamwork-related soft skills of caregivers to enhance staff satisfaction and improve quality of care. Moreover, the paper provides a methodology to identify the training needs in any healthcare workplace by repeating the same questionnaire. Design/methodology/approach A self-administrated questionnaire was designed to study deficiencies in teamwork and team leadership at Jordan hospitals as seen by team members...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790121/when-does-reading-dirty-words-impede-picture-processing-taboo-interference-with-verbal-and-manual-responses
#18
Andreas Mädebach, Anna-Maria Markuske, Jörg D Jescheniak
Picture naming takes longer in the presence of socially inappropriate (taboo) distractor words compared with neutral distractor words. Previous studies have attributed this taboo interference effect to increased attentional capture by taboo words or verbal self-monitoring-that is, control processes scrutinizing verbal responses before articulation. In this study, we investigated the cause and locus of the taboo interference effect by contrasting three tasks that used the same target pictures, but systematically differed with respect to the processing stages involved: picture naming (requiring conceptual processing, lexical processing, and articulation), phoneme decision (requiring conceptual and lexical processing), and natural size decision (requiring conceptual processing only)...
May 22, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789495/apolipoprotein-e-and-atherosclerosis-from-lipoprotein-metabolism-to-microrna-control-of-inflammation
#19
REVIEW
Laura Bouchareychas, Robert L Raffai
Apolipoprotein (apo) E stands out among plasma apolipoproteins through its unprecedented ability to protect against atherosclerosis. Although best recognized for its ability to mediate plasma lipoprotein clearance in the liver and protect against macrophage foam cell formation, our recent understanding of the influence that apoE can exert to control atherosclerosis has significantly widened. Among apoE's newfound athero-protective properties include an ability to control exaggerated hematopoiesis, blood monocyte activation and aortic stiffening in mice with hyperlipidemia...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789391/mst2-kinase-suppresses-rdna-transcription-in-response-to-dna-damage-by-phosphorylating-nucleolar-histone-h2b
#20
Dafni Eleftheria Pefani, Maria Laura Tognoli, Deniz Pirincci Ercan, Vassilis Gorgoulis, Eric O'Neill
The heavily transcribed rDNA repeats that give rise to the ribosomal RNA are clustered in a unique chromatin structure, the nucleolus. Due to its highly repetitive nature and transcriptional activity, the nucleolus is considered a hotspot of genomic instability. Breaks in rDNA induce a transient transcriptional shut down to conserve energy and promote rDNA repair; however, how nucleolar chromatin is modified and impacts on rDNA repair is unknown. Here, we uncover that phosphorylation of serine 14 on histone H2B marks transcriptionally inactive nucleolar chromatin in response to DNA damage...
May 22, 2018: EMBO Journal
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