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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745109/the-eminent-gynaecologist-richard-wesley-telinde-1894-1989-and-his-contribution-to-diagnosis-of-cervical-cancer
#1
Marianna Karamanou, Kostas Markatos, Konstantinos Laios, Nikolaos Salakos, Efthimios Deligeoroglou, George Androutsos
At the beginning of the 20th century, the relation of carcinoma in situ of the cervix to the invasive cancer was poorly understood, resulting in misdiagnosis of the disease and inappropriate treatment. The work of Richard Wesley TeLinde, chairman of Gynaecology at Johns Hopkins University for almost 21 years, contributed to delineate the diagnosis of cervical carcinoma, providing suggestive evidence that carcinoma in situ often precedes invasive cervical cancer.
March 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725409/malignant-lymphoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-presumptively-diagnosed-by-pap-smear-a-case-report
#2
Takahiro Koyanagi, Haruhiko Kondo, Atsushi Toyama, Miho Ando, Sakiko Imaoka, Masayo Inamura, Hiroko Yamamoto, Sumie Nakamura, Yoko To, Tatsuya Fukami, Maki Goto, Hiroshi Tsujioka, Fuyuki Eguchi
Malignant lymphoma of the uterine cervix is exceedingly rare and is difficult to diagnose by cervical cytology. The current study presents a case of malignant lymphoma of the uterine cervix that was presumptively diagnosed by cervical cancer screening in which the patient had no clinical symptoms. The anterior lip of the uterine cervix was occupied by a macroscopic hemorrhagic tumor. The obtained tumor cells exhibited typical cytological features of malignant lymphoma and were positive for CD20. The final diagnosis was diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the uterine cervix, stage IIEA (Ann Arbor classification)...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707519/molecular-signatures-of-high-grade-cervical-lesions
#3
Andreia M Porcari, Fernanda Negrão, Guilherme Lucas Tripodi, Denise Rocha Pitta, Elisabete Aparecida Campos, Douglas Munhoz Montis, Aline M A Martins, Marcos N Eberlin, Sophie F M Derchain
Cervical cancer is the fourth most common neoplasia in women and the infection with human papilloma virus (HPV) is its necessary cause. Screening methods, currently based on cytology and HPV DNA tests, display low specificity/sensitivity, reducing the efficacy of cervical cancer screening programs. Herein, molecular signatures of cervical cytologic specimens revealed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), were tested in their ability to provide a metabolomic screening for cervical cancer. These molecules were tested whether they could clinically differentiate insignificant HPV infections from precancerous lesions...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701664/disability-adjusted-life-years-for-cancer-in-2010%C3%A2-2014-a-regional-approach-in-mexico
#4
Efrén Murillo-Zamora, Oliver Mendoza-Cano, Mónica Ríos-Silva, Ramón Alberto Sánchez-Piña, Martha Alicia Higareda-Almaraz, Enrique Higareda-Almaraz, Agustin Lugo-Radillo
The disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) were used to estimate the regional (state of Colima, Mexico) cancer burden in 2010⁻2014. The years of life lost (YLL) were estimated with mortality data and years lived with disability (YLD) using incidence data. The DALYs were calculated as the arithmetic addition of YLL and YLD. Sex and cancer site-specific estimations were made and DALY rates were used to identify the leading causes of disease burden. Data from 2532 deaths were analyzed and, for all malignant tumors combined, 18,712...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693248/risk-for-virus-and-non-virus-related-malignancies-following-immunosuppression-in-a-cohort-of-liver-transplant-recipients-italy-1985-2014
#5
Martina Taborelli, Pierluca Piselli, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Augusto Lauro, Laura Galatioto, Umberto Baccarani, Maria Rendina, Sarah Shalaby, Raffaella Petrara, Francesco Nudo, Luca Toti, Daniele Sforza, Giovanni Fantola, Claudia Cimaglia, Alessandro Agresta, Giovanni Vennarecci, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Salvatore Gruttadauria, Andrea Risaliti, Alfredo Di Leo, Patrizia Burra, Massimo Rossi, Giuseppe Tisone, Fausto Zamboni, Diego Serraino
This cohort study assessed, in Italy, the overall pattern of risk for de novo malignancies following liver transplantation (LT). The study group included 2832 individuals who underwent LT between 1985 and 2014 in nine centres throughout all of Italy. Person-years (PYs) at cancer risk were computed from 30 days after LT to the date of cancer diagnosis, to the date of death, or to the end of follow-up. Excess cancer risk, as compared to the general population, was estimated using standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683929/18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-cancer-cervix-where-do-we-stand-today
#6
Shanmuga S Palaniswamy, Chaitanya R Borde, Padma Subramanyam
The incidence of gynecological malignancies is on the rise partly because of the availability of screening programmes, awareness, higher technological advancements, and availability of better medical care. Early diagnosis of any malignancy leads to prompt treatment. Use of 18Fluorine-Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in the treatment and follow-up of patients with Ca cervix considerably improves patient management. The primary diagnosis of Ca cervix is made either by biopsy of a visible tumor on the cervix or by a cone biopsy of a nonvisible malignant cervical focus...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667174/impact-of-prior-cancer-history-on-the-overall-survival-of-patients-newly-diagnosed-with-cancer-a-pan-cancer-analysis-of-the-seer-database
#7
Huaqiang Zhou, Yan Huang, Zeting Qiu, Hongyun Zhao, Wenfeng Fang, Yunpeng Yang, Yuanyuan Zhao, Xue Hou, Yuxiang Ma, Shaodong Hong, Ting Zhou, Yaxiong Zhang, Li Zhang
The population of cancer survivors with prior cancer is rapidly growing. Whether a prior cancer diagnosis interferes with outcome is unknown. We conducted a pan-cancer analysis to determine the impact of prior cancer history for patients newly diagnosed with cancer. We identified 20 types of primary solid tumors between 2004 to 2008 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Demographic and clinicopathologic variables were compared by chi-squared test and t-test as appropriate. The propensity score-adjusted Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the impact of prior cancer on overall survival (OS)...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556910/risk-of-second-primary-female-genital-malignancies-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-seer-analysis
#8
Zhiyu Li, Qi Wu, Junlong Song, Yimin Zhang, Shan Zhu, Shengrong Sun
Breast cancer survivors are at an increased risk of second primary cancers, and the risk factors for the latter may have clinical significance. The aims of our study were to evaluate the incidences and risk factors of second primary female genital cancers (corpus uteri, cervix uteri plus ovary) in a large cohort of breast cancer survivors. Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we examined the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and risk factors for second primary female genital cancers observed between 2000 and 2014...
March 19, 2018: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541217/quantitative-dna-methylation-analysis-of-paired-box-gene-1-and-lim-homeobox-transcription-factor-1-%C3%AE-genes-in-cervical-cancer
#9
Ling Xu, Jun Xu, Zheng Hu, Baohua Yang, Lifeng Wang, Xiao Lin, Ziyin Xia, Zhiling Zhang, Yunheng Zhu
DNA methylation is associated with tumorigenesis and may act as a potential biomarker for detecting cervical cancer. The aim of the present study was to explore the methylation status of the paired box gene 1 (PAX1) and the LIM homeobox transcription factor 1 α (LMX1A) gene in a spectrum of cervical lesions in an Eastern Chinese population. This single-center study involved 121 patients who were divided into normal cervix (NC; n=28), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL; n=32), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL; n=34) and cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC; n=27) groups, according to biopsy results...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526952/lambert-eaton-myasthenic-syndrome-associated-with-synchronous-double-cancer-a-combination-of-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-and-breast-carcinoma
#10
Hiroyuki Fukuda, Akira Tanaka, Yasuyuki Hirashima, Ichiro Ito
Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is most commonly associated with small cell lung carcinoma, while it is rarely associated with gynecological and breast carcinoma. We herein report a case of LEMS associated with synchronous double cancer, which was a combination of small cell carcinoma of the cervix and breast carcinoma. The early diagnosis and treatment of LEMS are important for achieving a good outcome. The possibility of accompanying paraneoplastic neurological syndrome must be sufficiently considered in gynecology and breast cancer patients...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499961/paleo-oncology-in-the-dakhleh-oasis-egypt-case-studies-and-a-paleoepidemiological-perspective
#11
El Molto, Peter Sheldrick
This article describes six cases of cancer from the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt. A mummy had a confirmed 'primary' diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the rectum. The remaining diagnoses were based on the distribution and types of skeletal lesions in conjunction with age, sex, and/or the molecular phylogeny of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a confirmed cause of cancer of the uterine cervix (UC) and testes (TC) and it evolved in Africa long before Homo sapiens emerged. Today these cancers are common in young adult females and males, a fact which was pivotal in respectively including them in the differential diagnosis of UC and TC...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471457/improving-anatomic-pathology-in-sub-saharan-africa-to-support-cancer-care
#12
Michael L Wilson, Stephanie Ayers, Daniel Berney, Alexia Eslan, Jeannette Guarner, Susan Lester, Ricard Masia, Zahir Moloo, Angela Mutuku, Drucilla Roberts, Jennifer Stall, Shahin Sayed
Objectives: Cancer care requires both accurate pathologic diagnosis as well as pathologic cancer staging. We evaluated three approaches to training pathologists in sub-Saharan Africa to perform pathologic cancer staging of breast, cervix, prostate, and colorectal cancers. Methods: One of three training methods was used at each workshop: didactic, case-based testing (CBT), or a blended approach. The project involved 52 participants from 16 pathology departments in 11 countries in East, Central, and Southern Africa...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458976/small-cell-cancers-of-the-female-genital-tract-molecular-and-clinical-aspects
#13
REVIEW
Jay R Patibandla, Julia E Fehniger, Douglas A Levine, Petar Jelinic
OBJECTIVE: Extra-pulmonary small cell carcinomas of the gynecologic tract (EPSCC-GTs) are a rare group of aggressive malignancies associated with poor prognoses and limited treatment options. Here, we review the clinical and molecular aspects of EPSCC-GTs and discuss how understanding their molecular features can assist in their diagnosis and the identification of novel effective treatments. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for articles using the following keywords: "small cell carcinoma" in combination with "neuroendocrine", "ovary", "vagina", "fallopian tube", "vulva", "endometrium", "uterus", "cervix", or "gynecologic"...
May 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416214/prevalence-of-specific-types-of-human-papiloma-virus-in-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions-and-cervical-cancer-in-macedonian-women
#14
Irena Aleksioska-Papestiev, Vesna Chibisheva, Megi Micevska, Goran Dimitrov
Introduction: Cervical cancer is a malignancy originating in the transformation zone of the cervix, most commonly in the squamous cells. It is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, and the third most common cause of female cancer death. Genital human papilloma viruses (HPV) are sexually transmitted and approximately 630 milion people worldwide are infected. More than 200 genotypes, subtypes and variants have been reported, 13-15 being oncogenic type, which could be responsible for cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN) or cancer...
February 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405269/outcomes-for-women-without-conventional-treatment-for-stage-1a-microinvasive-carcinoma-of-the-cervix
#15
Charlotte Paul, Katrina J Sharples, Judith Baranyai, Ronald W Jones, David Cg Skegg
BACKGROUND: An unethical clinical study that entailed withholding treatment from women diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN3) was conducted at National Women's Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. Women with microinvasive carcinoma of the cervix also had treatment withheld. AIMS: To describe the management and outcomes for women with microinvasive carcinoma for many of whom conventional treatment was withheld. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women with a diagnosis of stage 1A cervical carcinoma at National Women's Hospital...
February 6, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396159/patterns-of-age-specific-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-net-survival-for-common-cancers-in-taiwan-a-country-with-universal-health-coverage
#16
Li-Hsin Chien, Tzu-Jui Tseng, Fang-Yu Tsai, Jie-Huei Wang, Chao A Hsiung, Tsang-Wu Liu, I-Shou Chang
INTRODUCTION: In high-income countries, advances in early diagnosis and treatment have improved cancer survival. However, socioeconomic inequalities in survival have persisted or increased for some adult cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed net survival for the 20 most common adult cancers in Taiwan. They were stratified into six age groups and three socioeconomic groups. RESULTS: Out of 120 cancer site and age group combinations, 49 showed improvements in 5-year net survival from 2000-2004 to 2005-2010...
April 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390313/disparities-in-quality-of-cancer-care-the-role-of-health-insurance-and-population-demographics
#17
Arti Parikh-Patel, Cyllene R Morris, Kenneth W Kizer
Escalating costs and concerns about quality of cancer care have increased calls for quality measurement and performance accountability for providers and health plans. The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to assess variability in the quality of cancer care by health insurance type in California.Persons with breast, ovary, endometrium, cervix, colon, lung, or gastric cancer during the period 2004 to 2014 were identified in the California Cancer Registry. Individuals were stratified into 5 health insurance categories: private insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, dual Medicare and Medicaid eligible, and uninsured...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390200/overview-tumour-disease-and-oncologic-therapy-during-pregnancy
#18
Sebastian Findeklee
Newly diagnosed cancer in pregnancy is an issue with increasing importance, because fulfilling the wish to have a child is shifted later in life. Tumour disease is diagnosed in around 0.1% of all pregnancies in Germany. Most common tumour entities involve the breast, the cervix and the hematopoietic system. As tumour prognosis is not negatively affected by pregnancy and gestation does not disclude oncologic therapy it is important to plan treatment immediately. Oncologic surgery preserving the uterus is not at all limited...
April 2018: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373116/uncommon-hereditary-gynaecological-tumour-syndromes-pathological-features-in-tumours-that-may-predict-risk-for-a-germline-mutation
#19
REVIEW
Karuna Garg, Anthony N Karnezis, Joseph T Rabban
The most common hereditary gynaecological tumour syndromes are hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome and Lynch syndrome. However, pathologists also may encounter gynaecological tumours in women with rare hereditary syndromes. Many of these tumours exhibit distinctive gross and microscopic features that are associated with a risk for an inherited gene mutation. The sensitivity and specificity of these tumour pathology features for predicting an inherited mutation vary depending on the syndrome. By recognising these tumour features, pathologists may potentially contribute to the diagnosis of an unsuspected syndrome by recommending referral of the patient for formal risk assessment by genetic counselling...
February 2018: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369786/differential-expression-of-piwil2-in-papillary-thyroid-cancers
#20
Ibrahim Halil Erdogdu, Onder Yumrutas, M Ozgur Cevik, Ibrahim Bozgeyik, Miyase Erdogdu, Hacı Mehmet Inan, Haydar Bagis
Thyroid cancer is the most common type of endocrine malignancy and a leading cause of death among endocrine organ-related cancers. Similar to other types of cancers, early diagnosis of thyroid cancer is important to increase the survival and treatment of this disease. Several immunohistochemical markers are used in the differential diagnosis of thyroid papillary carcinoma. Also, increasing evidence indicates that P-element induced wimpy testis like 2 (PIWIL2) is an RNA-binding protein involved in the induction and progression of numerous types of human malignancies such as lung, breast, colon, prostate and cervix cancers...
April 5, 2018: Gene
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