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accelerated corneal

Eren Çerman, Deniz Özarslan Özcan, Ebru Toker
PURPOSE: To evaluate possible risk factors leading to sterile corneal infiltrates following corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL). METHODS: A total of 588 eyes of 459 patients treated with Epi-off (n = 461) or Epi-on (n = 127) CXL were retrospectively evaluated. Risk factors, including preoperative blepharitis and vernal conjunctivitis, the postoperative use of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as well as Kmax and pachymetry measurements, were assessed...
October 24, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Amani E Badawi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of accelerated cross-linking (CXL) on corneal endothelium in keratoconus and postlaser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) ectasia. DESIGN: This study is a prospective nonrandomized controlled study. SETTING: This study was conducted in Mansoura Ophthalmic Center (Mansoura University) and Al-Mostakbal Ophthalmic Center, Mansoura, Egypt. METHODS: In total, 40 eyes with progressive keratoconus and 10 eyes with postLASIK ectasia were subjected to an accelerated CXL (10 mW/cm(2) for 9 minutes)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Ömür Ö Uçakhan, Betül Bayraktutar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the morphological features of the corneal limbus as measured by in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) following standard and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus. METHODS: Patients with progressive keratoconus scheduled to undergo standard CXL (group 1; 31 patients, 3 mW/cm, 370 nm, 30 minutes), or accelerated CXL (group 2; 20 patients, 9 mW/cm, 370 nm, 10 minutes) in the worse eye were included in this prospective study...
October 5, 2016: Cornea
Zhi-Yuan Li, Zhao-Li Chen, Ting Zhang, Chao Wei, Wei-Yun Shi
The corneal epithelium plays important roles in the maintenance of corneal transparency for good vision, and acts as a protective barrier against foreign insults. Structural and functional changes with aging in the corneal epithelium have been documented. Here we found that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is highly expressed in the elderly donor corneal epithelium, as are senescence-associated genes, such as p16 and p21. In human corneal epithelial cell (HCEC) models, TGF-β induces cellular senescence, characterized by increased SA-β-gal positive cells and elevated expression of p16 and p21...
October 6, 2016: Aging
Ying Wu, Lei Tian, Li-Qiang Wang, Yi-Fei Huang
This was a prospective controlled clinical trial. 48 myopia patients (96 eyes) were included in this study. After LASIK, accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (ACXL) was used for myopia treatment. During 6-month follow-up, the results of LASIK-ACXL treatment were studied and compared to the LASIK-only procedure. The results showed that no statistically significant differences in UDVA, CDVA, MRSE, K mean, pachymetry, or ECD were found between the two groups at the visit after 6 months of follow-up (all P > 0...
2016: BioMed Research International
Lisa McAnena, Frank Doyle, Michael O'Keefe
Keratoconus can behave more aggressively in pediatric than in adult patients. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in children. For this study, MEDLINE(®) and Cochrane databases were searched for all studies examining the effects of standard, trans-epithelial or accelerated CXL protocols in patients age 18 years or younger. Primary outcomes were; uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and maximum keratometry (Kmax) and secondary outcomes were; best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean refractive spherical equivalent (MRSE), central corneal thickness (CCT) and endothelial cell density (ECD)...
September 28, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Xiaoyu Zhang, Ling Sun, Yingjun Chen, Meiyan Li, Mi Tian, Xingtao Zhou
The thickness of corneal pachymetry and the epithelium after accelerated (45 mW/cm(2)) transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus were assessed in this prospective case series study. Twenty-eight patients were treated for keratoconus. The mean Kmax was 56.18 ± 7.90. The thinnest point, as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), was 443.18 ± 39.75 μm. Accelerated transepithelial CXL was performed, and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), corneal topography, and OCT were recorded at 1 week postoperatively as well as at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
September 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Pramod Kumar, Abhigyan Satyam, Daniela Cigognini, Abhay Pandit, Dimitrios I Zeugolis
Development of implantable devices based on the principles of in vitro organogenesis has been hindered due to the prolonged time required to develop an implantable device. Herein we assessed the influence of serum concentration (0.5 % and 10 %), oxygen tension (0.5 %, 2 % and 20 %) and macromolecular crowding (75 μg/ml carrageenan) in extracellular matrix deposition in human corneal fibroblast culture (3, 7 and 14 days). The highest extracellular matrix deposition was observed after 14 days in culture at 0...
September 4, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Alex L K Ng, Peter S K Kwok, Ricky T K Wu, Vishal Jhanji, Victor C P Woo, Tommy C Y Chan
PURPOSE: To compare the demarcation line depth after 2 different protocols of simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis and collagen crosslinking (LASIK Xtra). METHODS: Twenty-three patients receiving bilateral LASIK Xtra were included in this comparative interventional study. The corneal stroma was soaked with 0.22% riboflavin for 90 seconds before flap repositioning. One eye was then randomized to receive either 18 mW/cm of ultraviolet A irradiation for 120 seconds or for 180 seconds, whereas the fellow eye received the other irradiation duration...
August 31, 2016: Cornea
Kyoung Woo Kim, Soo Hyun Park, Soo Jin Lee, Jae Chan Kim
To maintain corneal transparency, corneal endothelial cells (CECs) exert a pump function against aqueous inflow. However, human CECs are arrested in the G1-phase and non-proliferative in vivo. Thus, treatment of corneal endothelial decompensation is limited to corneal transplantation, and grafts are vulnerable to immune rejection. Here, we show that ribonuclease (RNase) 5 is more highly expressed in normal human CECs compared to decompensated tissues. Furthermore, RNase 5 up-regulated survival of CECs and accelerated corneal endothelial wound healing in an in vitro wound of human CECs and an in vivo cryo-damaged rabbit model...
2016: Scientific Reports
Hun Lee, David Sung Yong Kang, Byoung Jin Ha, Jin Young Choi, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Tae-Im Kim
BACKGROUND: To compare the changes in anterior and posterior corneal elevations after combined transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) and after PRK. METHODS: Medical records of 82 eyes of 44 patients undergoing either combined transepithelial PRK and CXL (PRK-CXL group) or transepithelial PRK (PRK group) were examined retrospectively. Changes in anterior and posterior corneal elevations were calculated by fitting an 8...
August 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Norzana Abd Ghafar, Choy Ker-Woon, Chua Kien Hui, Yasmin Anum Mohd Yusof, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate the effects of Acacia honey (AH) on the migration, differentiation and healing properties of the cultured rabbit corneal fibroblasts. METHODS: Stromal derived corneal fibroblasts from New Zealand White rabbit (n = 6) were isolated and cultured until passage 1. In vitro corneal ulcer was created using a 4 mm corneal trephine onto confluent cultures and treated with basal medium (FD), medium containing serum (FDS), with and without 0...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Hossein Mostafa Elbadawy, Pierfrancesco Mirabelli, Maria Xeroudaki, Mohit Parekh, Marina Bertolin, Claudia Breda, Carlo Cagini, Diego Ponzin, Neil Lagali, Stefano Ferrari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The connexin 43 (Cx43) mimetic peptide Gap27 was designed to transiently block the function of this gap junction. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of Gap27 on corneal healing, inflammation and neovascularization. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The effect of Gap27 on wound healing, inflammation and vascularization was assessed in primary human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC) in vitro and whole human corneas ex vivo, and in an in vivo rat wound healing model...
October 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Suxia Li, Ting Wang, Jiang Bian, Fuhua Wang, Shasha Han, Weiyun Shi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted deep lamellar keratoplasty (FDLK) in treating advanced keratoconus. METHODS: In the management of keratoconus in advanced stages, 89 patients (94 eyes) received FDLK, and 100 patients (100 eyes) underwent vacuum trephine-assisted deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). Visual acuity, corneal curvature, and central corneal thickness were measured. The follow-up duration was 1 year. RESULTS: The best-corrected visual acuity (logMAR) was 0...
October 2016: Cornea
I M Kornilovsky, A I Sultanova, A A Burtsev
UNLABELLED: Photorefractive ablation is inevitably accompanied by oxidative stress of the cornea and weakening of its biomechanical and photoprotective properties. AIM: To validate the expediency of riboflavin use in photorefractive ablation for photoprotection of the cornea and cross-linking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The effects of riboflavin use in photorefractive ablation was first studied in a series of in vitro and in vivo experiments performed on 56 eyes of 28 rabbits, and then on 232 eyes of 142 patients with different degrees of myopia...
May 2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
G Sosne, D Rimmer, H K Kleinman, G Ousler
Chronic ocular surface diseases such as dry eye, blepharitis, and neurotrophic keratopathies represent a significant and a growing therapeutic challenge. The basis of this expanding prevalence is multifactorial and may due to issues such as an aging population, an increasing use of video display terminals, and increases in frequency of refractive surgeries. The growing incidence of diseases such as diabetes may also be a contributing factor. Current treatments for ocular surface disease include artificial tears, lubricants, tear duct plugs, steroids, antibiotics, cyclosporine, scleral lenses, and serum tears...
2016: Vitamins and Hormones
Döndü Melek Ulusoy, Emre Göktaş, Necati Duru, Ayşe Özköse, Mustafa Ataş, İsa Yuvacı, Hasan Basri Arifoğlu, Gökmen Zararsız
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of accelerated corneal crosslinking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus aged 18 years or less. METHODS: A total of 28 eyes from 19 patients with progressive keratoconus aged 18 years or less were enrolled. We divided participants into 2 groups according to corneal thickness (CT). Group 1 included 13 eyes of 8 patients with CT ≥450 µm; group 2 included 15 eyes of 11 patients with CT <450 µm. Each participant underwent accelerated CXL using 10-minute ultraviolet A irradiance at 9 mW/cm2 for a total energy dose of 5...
July 20, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Yang Shen, Weijun Jian, Ling Sun, Meng Li, Tian Han, Jooyeon Son, Xingtao Zhou
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to investigate changes in corneal densitometry after accelerated transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (ATE-CXL) for patients with progressive keratoconus (KC). METHODS: Seventeen progressive KC patients who underwent ATE-CXL (KC group) were examined and compared against 17 non-KC myopes (control group). For the KC group, corneal topography and densitometry were evaluated preoperatively and at 1, 6, and 12 months postoperatively...
July 13, 2016: Cornea
Wei Liu, Katherine A Hajjar
The formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing vasculature, the process known as angiogenesis, is highly regulated by pro- and anti-angiogenic signaling molecules including growth factors and proteases. As an endothelial cell-surface co-receptor for plasminogen and tissue plasminogen activator, the annexin A2 (ANXA2) complex accelerates plasmin generation and facilitates fibrinolysis. Plasmin can subsequently activate a downstream proteolytic cascade involving multiple matrix metalloproteinases. Thus, in addition to maintaining blood vessel patency, the ANXA2 complex can also promote angiogenesis via its pro-fibrinolytic activity...
October 1, 2016: Biological Chemistry
Marcony R Santhiago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
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