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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890728/the-role-of-alkyl-chain-length-of-monothiol-terminated-alkyl-carboxylic-acid-in-the-synthesis-characterization-and-application-of-gelatin-g-poly-n-isopropylacrylamide-carriers-for-antiglaucoma-drug-delivery
#1
Li-Jyuan Luo, Jui-Yang Lai
To improve ocular bioavailability and extend pharmacological response, this study aims to investigate the role of alkyl chain length of monothiol-terminated alkyl carboxylic acids in the synthesis, characterization, and application of gelatin-g-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (GN) biodegradable in situ gelling carriers for antiglaucoma drug delivery. In the presence of mercaptoacetic acid (MAA), mercaptopropionic acid (MPA), mercaptobutyric acid (MBA), or mercaptohexanoic acid (MHA) as a chain transfer agent, the carboxylic end-capped poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) samples were prepared by free radical polymerization technique...
November 24, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861311/effect-of-trabeculotomy-on-corneal-endothelial-cell-loss-in-cases-of-postpenetrating-keratoplasty-glaucoma
#2
Ayaka Kusakabe, Naoki Okumura, Koichi Wakimasu, Kanae Kayukawa, Masami Kondo, Noriko Koizumi, Chie Sotozono, Shigeru Kinoshita, Kazuhiko Mori
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of trabeculotomy (TLO) on glaucoma and endothelial cell loss after penetrating keratoplasty (PK). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on consecutive patients who underwent PK and in whom more than 24 months of follow-up was available. Patients were categorized into the PK+TLO group [ie, TLO for post-PK glaucoma (n = 10)] and the PK group [PK alone (n = 73)]. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was evaluated during each follow-up examination...
November 16, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849309/activation-of-rac1-and-rhoa-preserve-corneal-endothelial-barrier-function
#3
María C Ortega, Diana Santander-García, Beatriz Marcos-Ramiro, Susana Barroso, Susan Cox, Ignacio Jiménez-Alfaro, Jaime Millán
Purpose: The corneal endothelium is responsible for the correct hydration of the corneal stroma. Corneal endothelial cells have a low proliferative capacity, so preserving their barrier function under suboptimal conditions that cause osmotic imbalance, such as those arising from corneal pathologies, age, cryopreservation, and transplantation, is essential for maintaining corneal transparency. We have investigated the signaling induced by hyperosmotic shock that reversibly disrupts corneal endothelial barriers in human endothelial cells and in murine corneas...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811567/patients-with-dry-eye-disease-and-low-subbasal-nerve-density-are-at-high-risk-for-accelerated-corneal-endothelial-cell-loss
#4
Ahmad Kheirkhah, Vannarut Satitpitakul, Pedram Hamrah, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in corneal endothelial cell density over time in patients with dry eye disease (DED) and to correlate endothelial cell loss with corneal subbasal nerve density. METHODS: This retrospective study included 40 eyes of 20 patients with DED. Laser in vivo confocal microscopy had been performed in the central cornea of both eyes at an initial visit and repeated after a mean follow-up of 33.2 ± 10.2 months. The densities of corneal endothelial cells and subbasal nerves were measured in both visits and compared with 13 eyes of 13 normal age-matched controls...
November 2, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778122/fk962-induces-neurite-outgrowth-in-cultured-monkey-trigeminal-ganglion-cells
#5
Emi Nakajima, Ryan D Walkup, Thomas R Shearer, Mitsuyoshi Azuma
PURPOSE: Corneal sensation, cell proliferation, and wound healing all depend on adequate corneal innervation. Disruption of corneal innervation can lead to dry eye and delayed wound healing. Our studies in rats and rabbits show that the substituted fluorobenzamide drug FK962 accelerates the extension of neuronal processes and recovery of corneal sensitivity. The purpose of the present study was 1) to determine whether FK962 induces sprouting and elongation of neurites in cultured monkey trigeminal ganglion cells, and 2) to investigate the involvement of the neurotrophic peptide GDNF in FK962-induced neurite elongation...
October 24, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775234/sterile-corneal-infiltrates-after-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-evaluation-of-risk-factors
#6
Eren Çerman, Deniz Özarslan Özcan, Ebru Toker
PURPOSE: To evaluate possible risk factors leading to sterile corneal infiltrates following corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL). METHODS: A total of 588 eyes of 459 patients treated with Epi-off (n = 461) or Epi-on (n = 127) CXL were retrospectively evaluated. Risk factors, including preoperative blepharitis and vernal conjunctivitis, the postoperative use of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as well as Kmax and pachymetry measurements, were assessed...
October 24, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757009/corneal-endothelial-changes-after-accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-in-keratoconus-and-postlasik-ectasia
#7
Amani E Badawi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of accelerated cross-linking (CXL) on corneal endothelium in keratoconus and postlaser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) ectasia. DESIGN: This study is a prospective nonrandomized controlled study. SETTING: This study was conducted in Mansoura Ophthalmic Center (Mansoura University) and Al-Mostakbal Ophthalmic Center, Mansoura, Egypt. METHODS: In total, 40 eyes with progressive keratoconus and 10 eyes with postLASIK ectasia were subjected to an accelerated CXL (10 mW/cm(2) for 9 minutes)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749450/morphology-of-the-corneal-limbus-following-standard-and-accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-9-mw-cm2-for-keratoconus
#8
Ömür Ö Uçakhan, Betül Bayraktutar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the morphological features of the corneal limbus as measured by in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) following standard and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus. METHODS: Patients with progressive keratoconus scheduled to undergo standard CXL (group 1; 31 patients, 3 mW/cm, 370 nm, 30 minutes), or accelerated CXL (group 2; 20 patients, 9 mW/cm, 370 nm, 10 minutes) in the worse eye were included in this prospective study...
October 5, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713146/tgf-%C3%AE-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-crosstalk-potentiates-corneal-epithelial-senescence-through-an-rna-stress-response
#9
Zhi-Yuan Li, Zhao-Li Chen, Ting Zhang, Chao Wei, Wei-Yun Shi
The corneal epithelium plays important roles in the maintenance of corneal transparency for good vision, and acts as a protective barrier against foreign insults. Structural and functional changes with aging in the corneal epithelium have been documented. Here we found that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is highly expressed in the elderly donor corneal epithelium, as are senescence-associated genes, such as p16 and p21. In human corneal epithelial cell (HCEC) models, TGF-β induces cellular senescence, characterized by increased SA-β-gal positive cells and elevated expression of p16 and p21...
October 6, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689082/efficacy-and-safety-of-lasik-combined-with-accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-myopia-six-month-study
#10
Ying Wu, Lei Tian, Li-Qiang Wang, Yi-Fei Huang
This was a prospective controlled clinical trial. 48 myopia patients (96 eyes) were included in this study. After LASIK, accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (ACXL) was used for myopia treatment. During 6-month follow-up, the results of LASIK-ACXL treatment were studied and compared to the LASIK-only procedure. The results showed that no statistically significant differences in UDVA, CDVA, MRSE, K mean, pachymetry, or ECD were found between the two groups at the visit after 6 months of follow-up (all P > 0...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678078/cross-linking-in-children-with-keratoconus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Lisa McAnena, Frank Doyle, Michael O'Keefe
Keratoconus can behave more aggressively in pediatric than in adult patients. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in children. For this study, MEDLINE(®) and Cochrane databases were searched for all studies examining the effects of standard, trans-epithelial or accelerated CXL protocols in patients age 18 years or younger. Primary outcomes were; uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and maximum keratometry (Kmax) and secondary outcomes were; best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean refractive spherical equivalent (MRSE), central corneal thickness (CCT) and endothelial cell density (ECD)...
September 28, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597655/one-year-outcomes-of-pachymetry-and-epithelium-thicknesses-after-accelerated-45%C3%A2-mw-cm-2-transepithelial-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-keratoconus-patients
#12
Xiaoyu Zhang, Ling Sun, Yingjun Chen, Meiyan Li, Mi Tian, Xingtao Zhou
The thickness of corneal pachymetry and the epithelium after accelerated (45 mW/cm(2)) transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus were assessed in this prospective case series study. Twenty-eight patients were treated for keratoconus. The mean Kmax was 56.18 ± 7.90. The thinnest point, as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), was 443.18 ± 39.75 μm. Accelerated transepithelial CXL was performed, and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), corneal topography, and OCT were recorded at 1 week postoperatively as well as at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
September 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592127/low-oxygen-tension-and-macromolecular-crowding-accelerate-extracellular-matrix-deposition-in-human-corneal-fibroblast-culture
#13
Pramod Kumar, Abhigyan Satyam, Daniela Cigognini, Abhay Pandit, Dimitrios I Zeugolis
Development of implantable devices based on the principles of in vitro organogenesis has been hindered due to the prolonged time required to develop an implantable device. Herein we assessed the influence of serum concentration (0.5 % and 10 %), oxygen tension (0.5 %, 2 % and 20 %) and macromolecular crowding (75 μg/ml carrageenan) in extracellular matrix deposition in human corneal fibroblast culture (3, 7 and 14 days). The highest extracellular matrix deposition was observed after 14 days in culture at 0...
September 4, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583797/comparison-of-the-demarcation-line-on-asoct-after-simultaneous-lasik-and-different-protocols-of-accelerated-collagen-crosslinking-a-bilateral-eye-randomized-study
#14
Alex L K Ng, Peter S K Kwok, Ricky T K Wu, Vishal Jhanji, Victor C P Woo, Tommy C Y Chan
PURPOSE: To compare the demarcation line depth after 2 different protocols of simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis and collagen crosslinking (LASIK Xtra). METHODS: Twenty-three patients receiving bilateral LASIK Xtra were included in this comparative interventional study. The corneal stroma was soaked with 0.22% riboflavin for 90 seconds before flap repositioning. One eye was then randomized to receive either 18 mW/cm of ultraviolet A irradiation for 120 seconds or for 180 seconds, whereas the fellow eye received the other irradiation duration...
August 31, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526633/ribonuclease-5-facilitates-corneal-endothelial-wound-healing-via-activation-of-pi3-kinase-akt-pathway
#15
Kyoung Woo Kim, Soo Hyun Park, Soo Jin Lee, Jae Chan Kim
To maintain corneal transparency, corneal endothelial cells (CECs) exert a pump function against aqueous inflow. However, human CECs are arrested in the G1-phase and non-proliferative in vivo. Thus, treatment of corneal endothelial decompensation is limited to corneal transplantation, and grafts are vulnerable to immune rejection. Here, we show that ribonuclease (RNase) 5 is more highly expressed in normal human CECs compared to decompensated tissues. Furthermore, RNase 5 up-regulated survival of CECs and accelerated corneal endothelial wound healing in an in vitro wound of human CECs and an in vivo cryo-damaged rabbit model...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502494/changes-in-posterior-corneal-elevations-after-combined-transepithelial-photorefractive-keratectomy-and-accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-retrospective-comparative-observational-case-series
#16
Hun Lee, David Sung Yong Kang, Byoung Jin Ha, Jin Young Choi, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Tae-Im Kim
BACKGROUND: To compare the changes in anterior and posterior corneal elevations after combined transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) and after PRK. METHODS: Medical records of 82 eyes of 44 patients undergoing either combined transepithelial PRK and CXL (PRK-CXL group) or transepithelial PRK (PRK group) were examined retrospectively. Changes in anterior and posterior corneal elevations were calculated by fitting an 8...
August 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473120/acacia-honey-accelerates-in-vitro-corneal-ulcer-wound-healing-model
#17
Norzana Abd Ghafar, Choy Ker-Woon, Chua Kien Hui, Yasmin Anum Mohd Yusof, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate the effects of Acacia honey (AH) on the migration, differentiation and healing properties of the cultured rabbit corneal fibroblasts. METHODS: Stromal derived corneal fibroblasts from New Zealand White rabbit (n = 6) were isolated and cultured until passage 1. In vitro corneal ulcer was created using a 4 mm corneal trephine onto confluent cultures and treated with basal medium (FD), medium containing serum (FDS), with and without 0...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472295/effect-of-connexin-43-inhibition-by-the-mimetic-peptide-gap27-on-corneal-wound-healing-inflammation-and-neovascularization
#18
Hossein Mostafa Elbadawy, Pierfrancesco Mirabelli, Maria Xeroudaki, Mohit Parekh, Marina Bertolin, Claudia Breda, Carlo Cagini, Diego Ponzin, Neil Lagali, Stefano Ferrari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The connexin 43 (Cx43) mimetic peptide Gap27 was designed to transiently block the function of this gap junction. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of Gap27 on corneal healing, inflammation and neovascularization. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The effect of Gap27 on wound healing, inflammation and vascularization was assessed in primary human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC) in vitro and whole human corneas ex vivo, and in an in vivo rat wound healing model...
October 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467039/precisely-controlled-side-cut-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-deep-lamellar-keratoplasty-for-advanced-keratoconus
#19
Suxia Li, Ting Wang, Jiang Bian, Fuhua Wang, Shasha Han, Weiyun Shi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted deep lamellar keratoplasty (FDLK) in treating advanced keratoconus. METHODS: In the management of keratoconus in advanced stages, 89 patients (94 eyes) received FDLK, and 100 patients (100 eyes) underwent vacuum trephine-assisted deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). Visual acuity, corneal curvature, and central corneal thickness were measured. The follow-up duration was 1 year. RESULTS: The best-corrected visual acuity (logMAR) was 0...
October 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456563/-riboflavin-photoprotection-with-cross-linking-effect-in-photorefractive-ablation-of-the-cornea
#20
I M Kornilovsky, A I Sultanova, A A Burtsev
UNLABELLED: Photorefractive ablation is inevitably accompanied by oxidative stress of the cornea and weakening of its biomechanical and photoprotective properties. AIM: To validate the expediency of riboflavin use in photorefractive ablation for photoprotection of the cornea and cross-linking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The effects of riboflavin use in photorefractive ablation was first studied in a series of in vitro and in vivo experiments performed on 56 eyes of 28 rabbits, and then on 232 eyes of 142 patients with different degrees of myopia...
May 2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
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