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prevalence gastroesophageal reflux

Jun Ouk Ha, Tae Hee Lee, Chang Won Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
Dongwon Yi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
M Formánek, D Jančatová, P Komínek, P Matoušek, K Zeleník
OBJECTIVE: The human papillomavirus causes recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Although human papillomavirus prevalence is high, the incidence of papillomatosis is low. Thus, factors other than human papillomavirus infection probably contribute to recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. This study investigated whether patients with papillomatosis are more often infected with herpes simplex virus type 2 and chlamydia trachomatis and whether laryngopharyngeal reflux occurs in this group of patients more often...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Jessica Menzies, Jennifer Hughes, Steven Leach, Yvonne Belessis, Usha Krishnan
OBJECTIVES: Growth and feeding problems have been described in children with Esophageal Atresia (EA). Ongoing gastrointestinal and respiratory complications such as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), esophageal dysmotility, strictures and respiratory infections may contribute. The aim of the study was to document the prevalence of malnutrition and feeding difficulties and examine predictive factors which may influence feeding and growth in children attending a multidisciplinary EA clinic in Sydney Australia...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Zaheer Nabi, D Nageshwar Reddy
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined by the presence of troublesome symptoms resulting from the reflux of gastric contents. The prevalence of GERD is increasing globally. An incompetent lower esophageal sphincter underlies the pathogenesis of GERD. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) form the core of GERD management. However, a substantial number of patients do not respond well to PPIs. The next option is anti-reflux surgery, which is efficacious, but it has its own limitations, such as gas bloating, inability to belch or vomit, and dysphagia...
September 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Young Sun Kim, Nayoung Kim, Gwang Ha Kim
It is important to understand sex and gender-related differences in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) because gender-related biologic factors might lead to better prevention and therapy. Non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) affects more women than men. GERD symptoms are more frequent in patients with NERD than in those with reflux esophagitis. However, men suffer pathologic diseases such as reflux esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus (BE), and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) more frequently than women. The prevalence of reflux esophagitis is significantly increased with age in women, especially after their 50s...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Yoshio Ikeda, Shinya Furukawa, Takenori Sakai, Tetsuji Niiya, Hiroaki Miyaoka, Teruki Miyake, Shin Yamamoto, Hidenori Senba, Yasunori Yamamoto, Eiji Arimitsu, Sen Yagi, Hiroki Utsunomiya, Keiko Tanaka, Eiji Takeshita, Bunzo Matsuura, Yoshihiro Miyake, Yoichi Hiasa
BACKGROUND: Only limited epidemiological evidence exists regarding the relationship between age and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. AIM: The purpose of the present study is to investigate this issue among Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 847 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Subjects were divided into quartiles according to age: (1) 19 ≤ age < 56, (2) 56 ≤ age < 64, (3) 64 ≤ age < 71, and (4) 71 ≤ age < 89...
September 22, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
In Du Jeong, Moo In Park
The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and the incidence of some of its complications have risen strikingly over the last few decades. With the increase in our understanding of the pathophysiology of GERD along with the development of proton pump inhibitors, the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to GERD have changed dramatically over the past decade. However, GERD still poses a problem to many clinicians since the spectrum of the disease has evolved to encompass more challenging presentations such as refractory GERD and extra-esophageal manifestations...
September 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Nicola de Bortoli, Leonardo Frazzoni, Edoardo V Savarino, Marzio Frazzoni, Irene Martinucci, Aleksandra Jania, Salvatore Tolone, Michele Scagliarini, Massimo Bellini, Elisa Marabotto, Manuele Furnari, Giorgia Bodini, Salvatore Russo, Lorenzo Bertani, Veronica Natali, Lorenzo Fuccio, Vincenzo Savarino, Corrado Blandizzi, Santino Marchi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in patients with typical reflux symptoms as distinguished into gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), hypersensitive esophagus (HE), and functional heartburn (FH) by means of endoscopy and multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII)-pH monitoring. The secondary aim was to detect pathophysiological and clinical differences between different sub-groups of patients with heartburn. METHODS: Patients underwent a structured interview based on questionnaires for GERD, IBS, anxiety, and depression...
September 20, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Sei-Ichi Nakano, Hidetaka Iwasaki, Eiji Kondo, Katsushi Miyazaki, Haruhiko Shizuku, Sei-Ichiro Kamimura, Junya Fukuda, Ryo Kanamura, Noriaki Takeda
OBJECTIVE: Globus pharyngeus (GP) is a common symptom of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD), and proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and rikkunshito, a traditional Japanese medicine having prokinetic effect improve LPRD symptoms. In the present study, we examined the efficacy of high-dose PPI in combination with rikkunshito in patients complaining of GP. METHODS: 106 patients complaining of GP without any organic endoscopic findings were enrolled. RESULTS: Patients were first administrated with high-dose PPI alone for 4 to 8 weeks and the symptom was improved in 65 patients...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
David Goitein, Nasser Sakran, Shlomi Rayman, Amir Szold, Orly Goitein, Asnat Raziel
BACKGROUND: Hiatal hernia (HH) is common in the bariatric population. Its presence imposes various degrees of difficulty in performing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Preoperative upper gastrointestinal evaluation consists of fluoroscopic and or endoscopic studies OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of routine, preoperative barium swallow in identifying HH in patients undergoing LSG, and determine if such foreknowledge changes operative and immediate postoperative course regarding operative time, intraoperative adverse events, and length of hospital stay (LOS)...
August 5, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Kyoichi Adachi, Tomoko Mishiro, Shino Tanaka, Hiroo Yoshikawa, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
Objective Metabolic syndrome and dental erosion have been demonstrated to correlate with gastroesophageal acid reflux disease (GERD), while periodontitis has been reported to have a positive relationship with metabolic syndrome. However, no correlation between periodontitis and GERD has yet been reported. We therefore investigated the relationship between periodontitis and GERD. Methods The subjects consisted of 280 individuals who visited the Health Center for a detailed medical checkup examination. Each underwent upper endoscopy and periodontitis examinations, with the latter performed by measuring the concentrations of lactate dehydrogenase and hemoglobin in saliva...
2016: Internal Medicine
John Maret-Ouda, Hashem El-Serag, Jesper Lagergren
Esophageal adenocarcinoma is rapidly increasing in incidence in many Western societies, requires demanding treatment and is associated with a poor prognosis, therefore preventive measures are highly warranted. To assess the opportunities for prevention, we reviewed the available literature and identified seven main potentially preventive targets. Preventive effects were found based on medium level observational evidence following treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (both using medication and surgery) and tobacco smoking cessation, which should be clinically recommended among exposed patients...
September 13, 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
Wenhao Li, Jingming Liu, Su Chen, Yao Wang, Zhenting Zhang
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is typically diagnosed based on symptoms of regurgitation and heartburn, although it may also manifest as asthma-like symptoms, laryngitis, or dental erosion. PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective, cross-sectional study was to assess the prevalence of dental erosion in people with GERD and to evaluate the association between GERD and dental erosion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The presence, severity, and pattern of dental erosion was assessed in 51 participants with GERD and 50 participants without GERD using the Smith and Knight tooth wear index...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Viivi Alaraudanjoki, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Leo Tjäderhane, Paula Pesonen, Adrian Lussi, Jukka Ronkainen, Vuokko Anttonen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of self-reported intrinsic factors [gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), long-term alcoholism, long-term heavy use of alcohol and multiple pregnancies] on erosive tooth wear in a middle-aged cohort sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the total Northern Finland Birth Cohort (NFBC 1966), a convenience sample (n = 3,181) was invited for an oral health examination in 2012-2013, of which 1,962 participated, comprising the final study group...
2016: Caries Research
Peter J Kahrilas, Kenneth W Altman, Anne B Chang, Stephen K Field, Susan M Harding, Andrew P Lane, Kaiser Lim, Lorcan McGarvey, Jaclyn Smith, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: We updated the 2006 ACCP clinical practice guidelines for management of reflux-cough syndrome. METHODS: Two PICO questions were addressed by systematic review: 1) can therapy for gastroesophageal reflux improve or eliminate cough in adults with chronic and persistently troublesome cough? and 2) are there minimal clinical criteria to guide practice in determining that chronic cough is likely to respond to therapy for gastroesophageal reflux? RESULTS: We found no high quality studies pertinent to either question...
September 7, 2016: Chest
Dana B McCarty, Jennifer R Peat, William F Malcolm, P Brian Smith, Kimberley Fisher, Ricki F Goldstein
Objective The purpose of this study was to determine when dolichocephaly develops in preterm infants, to establish factors that contribute to its development, and to determine its association with adverse motor outcomes. Study Design This study was a retrospective review of data collected from preterm infants born at < 32 weeks' gestation. The cranial index was measured by a physical therapist (PT) at three time points during hospitalization. Demographic data, neonatal morbidities, and motor outcomes at outpatient follow-up were collected...
September 2, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
You Jin Choi, Eun Kyo Ha, Su Jin Jeong
PURPOSE: To identify the relationship between dietary habits and childhood gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in preschool children. METHODS: We performed a questionnaire study to analyze the relationship between dietary habits and GERD in 85 preschool children with GERD and 117 healthy children of the same age. RESULTS: Irregular and picky eating were more p-revalent in the GERD group than in the control group (odds ratio [OR], 4.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Paul S J Miller, Harry Hill, Fredrik L Andersson
OBJECTIVES: The International Continence Society defines nocturia as the need to void one or more times during the night, with each of the voids preceded and followed by sleep. The chronic sleep disturbance and sleep deprivation experienced by patients with nocturia affects quality of life, compromising both mental and physical well-being. This paper aims to characterise the burden of nocturia by comparing published data from patients with nocturia with data from patients with any of 12 other common chronic conditions, specifically focusing on its impact on work productivity and activity impairment, as measured by the instrument of the same name (WPAI)...
August 31, 2016: PharmacoEconomics
Luca Pasina, Sarah Astuto, Laura Cortesi, Mauro Tettamanti, Carlotta Franchi, Alessandra Marengoni, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci, Alessandro Nobili
BACKGROUND: Explicit criteria for potentially inappropriate prescriptions in the elderly are recommended to avoid prescriptions of duplicate drug classes and to optimize monotherapy within a single drug class before a new agent is considered. Duplicate drug class prescription (or therapeutic duplicates) puts the patient at increased risk of adverse drug reactions with no additional therapeutic benefits. To our knowledge, the prevalence of elderly inpatients receiving therapeutic duplicates has never been studied...
September 2016: Drugs & Aging
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