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prevalence gastroesophageal reflux

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022245/prevalence-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-india
#1
Bhaskarjyoti Baruah, Tarun Kumar, Prasenjit Das, Bhaskar Thakur, Vishnubatla Sreenivas, Vineet Ahuja, Siddhartha Datta Gupta, Govind K Makharia
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is being recognized increasingly all over the globe; Indian data is however sparse. We screened patients with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) for presence of EoE in them. METHODS: Consecutive patients with symptoms suggestive of GERD underwent gastroduodenoscopy and esophageal biopsies, obtained from both the upper esophagus (5 cm below the upper esophageal sphincter) and lower esophagus (5 cm above gastroesophageal junction), as well as from any other endoscopically visible abnormal mucosa...
October 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980592/-the-prevalence-of-the-fungal-flora-in-association-with-chronic-inflammatory-pathology-of-the-larynx
#2
V Ya Kunel'skaya, S G Romanenko, G B Shadrin, D I Krasnikova
The present article was designed to analyze the prevalence and clinical features of laryngomycosis associated with chronic inflammatory diseases of the larynx. We examined 430 patients suffering from chronic pharyngitis and found the fungal flora in 100 (23.2%) of them. Diagnostics of the fungal infection was performed by the microscopic study of the stained preparations (including the Gram method, Romanovskiy-Giemsa and fluorescent microscopy). The sowing on elective nutrient media was used. The study revealed the presence of yeast fungi (Candida) in 98 patients (98%) and mold fungi (Aspergillus) in the remaining two (2%)...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954045/low-prevalence-of-barrett-s-esophagus-in-a-risk-area-for-esophageal-cancer-in-south-of-brazil
#3
Diego Michelon DE Carli, Amanda Faria de Araujo, Renato Borges Fagundes
BACKGROUND: Barrett's esophagus a complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a precursor of esophageal adenocarcinoma. The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma has been increasing in most Western countries. Rio Grande do Sul (RS), the Southernmost state of Brazil has the highest rates of esophageal cancer with low prevalence of esophageal adenocarcinoma. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of Barrett's esophagus among patients underwent to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in the last 5 years...
September 21, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949834/use-of-international-classification-of-diseases-ninth-revision-codes-for-obesity-trends-in-the-united-states-from-an-electronic-health-record-derived-database
#4
Michelle Mocarski, Ye Tian, B Gabriel Smolarz, John McAna, Albert Crawford
Obesity is a potentially modifiable risk factor for many diseases, and a better understanding of its impact on health care utilization, costs, and medical outcomes is needed. The ability to accurately evaluate obesity outcomes depends on a correct identification of the population with obesity. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) coding for overweight and obesity within a US primary care electronic health record (EHR) database compared against actual body mass index (BMI) values from recorded clinical patient data; characteristics of patients with obesity who did or did not receive ICD-9 codes for overweight/obesity also were evaluated...
September 26, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943553/risk-factors-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-endoscopic-reflux-esophagitis-in-healthy-young-japanese-volunteers
#5
Yuichiro Tanaka, Yasuhisa Sakata, Megumi Hara, Hiroharu Kawakubo, Nanae Tsuruoka, Koji Yamamoto, Yoichiro Itoh, Hidenori Hidaka, Ryo Shimoda, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Kazuma Fujimoto
Objective The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of reflux esophagitis and Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection and their interrelationship in healthy young Japanese volunteers. Materials and Methods Between 2010 and 2016, 550 fifth-year medical students at Saga Medical School, aged 22 to 30 years, underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and completed a questionnaire (frequency scale for symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease). H. pylori infection was determined by detecting urinary immunoglobulin G antibodies...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914696/the-overlap-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-functional-constipation-in-children-the-efficacy-of-constipation-treatment
#6
Masallah Baran, Yeliz Cagan Appak, Miray Karakoyun, Sevda Yalcinkaya, Kayi Eliacik, Bumin N Dundar
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the frequency of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children with functional constipation (FC). It was structured to assess the improvement level in reflux symptoms by measuring the acid reflux in these patients after they had received FC treatment. METHODS: Ninety-four children who suffered from constipation were evaluated prospectively. Data forms were completed to assess the GERD symptoms in all the cases...
November 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913607/diabetes-and-the-esophagus
#7
REVIEW
Roberto Monreal-Robles, José M Remes-Troche
Chronic hyperglycemia is a well-known cause of gastrointestinal motility disorders extending from the esophagus to the anorectum. Even though little attention has been paid to esophageal disorders in the context of DM, its prevalence is higher compared to gastroparesis. Heartburn, as a typical symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is the most prevalent symptom and has been found in 25 to 41% of patients with DM. Furthermore, DM has recently been established as possible independent factor for the development of Barrett's esophagus...
September 15, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894514/prevalence-and-correlates-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-southern-iran-pars-cohort-study
#8
Zohre Khodamoradi, Abdullah Gandomkar, Hossein Poustchi, Alireza Salehi, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh, Arash Etemadi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing worldwide. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of GERD in Pars Cohort Study (PCS) and to find its correlates. METHODS We used the baseline data from PCS. PCS was conducted in the district of Valashahr in Fars province in southern Iran from 2012 to 2014. 9264 inhabitants who were 40-75 years old, and agreed to participate were enrolled. Data were collected by a structured questionnaire and simple physical examination of all participants...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891136/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-nonmalignant-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Olga Sjomina, Frederic Heluwaert, Driffa Moussata, Marcis Leja
A substantial decrease in Helicobacter pylori-associated peptic ulcer disease has been observed during the last decades. Drug-related ulcers as well as idiopathic ulcers are becoming predominant and are more refractory to treatment; however, H. pylori infection still plays an important role in ulcer bleeding and recurrence after therapy. The effect of H. pylori eradication upon functional dyspepsia symptoms has been reviewed in this article and generally confirms the results of previous meta-analyses. Additional evidence suggests a lack of impact upon the quality of life, in spite of improvement in symptoms...
September 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867295/asthma-outcomes-and-management-during-pregnancy
#10
REVIEW
Catherine A Bonham, Karen C Patterson, Mary E Strek
Asthma during pregnancy poses a common, increasingly prevalent threat to the health of women and their children. We review recent insights gained from the epidemiology of asthma during pregnancy, demonstrating the many short and long-term risks to mother and fetus incurred by poorly controlled maternal asthma. We further discuss emerging evidence that active asthma management during pregnancy can positively influence and perhaps completely mitigate these poor outcomes. Recent high-quality trials examining best methods for asthma treatment are reviewed and synthesized to offer an evidence-based pathway for comprehensive treatment of asthma in the outpatient setting...
August 31, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859359/abdominal-diameter-index-is-a-stronger-predictor-of-prevalent-barrett-s-esophagus-than-bmi-or-waist-to-hip-ratio
#11
D Baik, J Sheng, K Schlaffer, F K Friedenberg, M S Smith, A C Ehrlich
Abdominal obesity is associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett's esophagus (BE). Increased body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) have been associated with BE. Abdominal diameter index (ADI, sagittal abdominal diameter divided by thigh circumference) was previously shown to be a more accurate predictor of incident cardiovascular disease compared to other measurements. Our aim is to examine whether abdominal diameter index was a more accurate predictor of prevalent BE compared to other anthropometric measurements...
September 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858946/facts-and-fantasies-on-extraesophageal-reflux-a-gastroenterologist-perspective
#12
Frank Zerbib, Charlotte Dulery
Gastroesophageal reflux disease encompasses a wide spectrum of disorders related to the reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus. Extraesophageal reflux (EER) may be suspected in patients with unexplained chronic cough, pharyngolaryngeal symptoms, and asthma. For physicians, suspected EER is challenging as there is currently no tool that can reliably make a definitive diagnosis. Endoscopic signs are not specific, pharyngeal and proximal reflux monitoring are not reliable, and if distal pH or pH-impedance monitoring can identify patients with abnormal reflux, they cannot predict the response to therapy...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837700/risk-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Wan-Tseng Hsu, Chih-Cheng Lai, Ya-Hui Wang, Ping-Huei Tseng, Kun Wang, Cheng-Yi Wang, Likwang Chen
PURPOSE: The prevalence of gastroesophagel reflux disease (GERD) has steadily increased. However, the association between GERD itself and the risk of pneumonia remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association between GERD and long-term risk of pneumonia and to identify the major risk factors for pneumonia in GERD patients. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified patients who were newly diagnosed with GERD and treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) from January 1, 2004 through December 31, 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828751/maturation-modulates-pharyngeal-stimulus-provoked-pharyngeal-and-respiratory-rhythms-in-human-infants
#14
Kathryn A Hasenstab, Swetha Sitaram, Ivan M Lang, Reza Shaker, Sudarshan R Jadcherla
Pharyngeal-provocation induced aerodigestive symptoms in infants remain an enigma. Sources of pharyngeal provocation can be anterograde as with feeding, and retrograde as in gastroesophageal reflux. We determined maturational and dose-response effects of targeted pharyngeal-stimulus on frequency, stability, and magnitude of pharyngeal and respiratory waveforms during multiple pharyngeal swallowing responses in preterm-born infants when they were of full-term postmenstrual age (PMA). Eighteen infants (11 male) were studied longitudinally at 39...
August 21, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828189/restorative-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-dental-erosion
#15
Mohammed Thamer AlShahrani, Satheesh B Haralur, Mohammed Alqarni
Dental erosion is the chemical dissolution of the tooth structure. Factors like eating disorders and gastrointestinal diseases are recognized as intrinsic factors for dental erosion. Advanced stages of dental erosion extensively damage the tooth morphology, consequently affecting both esthetics and functions. Reports indicate the growing prevalence of erosion, and hence knowledge of restorative rehabilitation of tooth erosion is an integral part of the contemporary dental practice. This clinical report describes an adult patient with gastroesophageal reflux induced dental erosion involving the palatal surface of the maxillary anterior teeth...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816003/prevalence-of-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-angelman-syndrome
#16
Laura W Glassman, Olivia R Grocott, Portia A Kunz, Anna M Larson, Garrett Zella, Kriston Ganguli, Ronald L Thibert
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurogenetic disorder characterized by intellectual disability, expressive speech impairment, movement disorder, epilepsy, and a happy demeanor. Children with AS are frequently reported to be poor feeders during infancy and as having gastrointestinal issues such as constipation, reflux, and abnormal food related behaviors throughout their lifetime. To assess the prevalence of gastrointestinal disorders in individuals with AS, we retrospectively analyzed medical records of 120 individuals seen at the Angelman Syndrome Clinic at Massachusetts General Hospital and 43 individuals seen at the University of North Carolina Comprehensive Angelman Clinic...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803389/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-stat3-deficient-hyper-ige-syndrome
#17
Manish Arora, Preet Bagi, Anna Strongin, Jennifer Heimall, Xiongce Zhao, Monica G Lawrence, Apurva Trivedi, Carolyn Henderson, Amy Hsu, Martha Quezado, David E Kleiner, Aradhana M Venkatesan, Steven M Holland, Alexandra F Freeman, Theo Heller
OBJECTIVE: STAT 3 deficiency (autosomal dominant hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome (AD-HIES)) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder with multi-organ involvement caused by dominant negative signal transducer and activator of transcription gene 3 (STAT3) mutations. We sought to describe the gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of this disease. METHODS: Seventy subjects aged five to 60 years with a molecular diagnosis of AD-HIES were evaluated at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780072/presentation-and-epidemiology-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#18
Joel E Richter, Joel H Rubenstein
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most prevalent gastrointestinal disorder in the United States, and leads to substantial morbidity, though associated mortality is rare. The prevalence of GERD symptoms appeared to increase until 1999. Risk factors for complications of GERD include advanced age, male sex, white race, abdominal obesity, and tobacco use. Most patients with GERD presents with heartburn and effortless regurgitation. Coexistent dysphagia is considered an alarm symptom, prompting evaluation...
August 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752820/variation-in-preoperative-testing-and-antireflux-surgery-in-infants
#19
Heather L Short, Nikolay P Braykov, James E Bost, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of objective tests, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) diagnosis and management in infants remains controversial and highly variable. Our purpose was to characterize national variation in diagnostic testing and surgical utilization for infants with GERD. METHODS: Using the Pediatric Health Information System, we identified infants <1 year old diagnosed with GERD between January 2011 and March 2015. Outcomes included progression to antireflux surgery (ARS) and use of relevant diagnostic testing...
July 28, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735906/predicting-the-presence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#20
Joy Nehme, Robert LaBerge, Mary Pothos, Nick Barrowman, Lynda Hoey, Andrea Monsour, Madelaine Kukko, Sherri Lynne Katz
OBJECTIVE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in children with Down syndrome. Given the scarcity of resources and the presence of risk factors for SDB in this population, the objective of this study is to identify the clinical predictors of SDB, which would assist prioritization of children with Down syndrome for SDB evaluation. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on children enrolled in the Down syndrome clinic at CHEO who underwent polysomnography in 2004-2014...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
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