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prevalence gastroesophageal reflux

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636735/salivary-epidermal-growth-factor-concentrations-in-patients-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-and-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#1
Claudia A Eckley, Marco Antônio Dos Anjos Corvo, Luis Roberto Sardinha, Bianca Liquidato, Luiz Vicente Rizzo
Sjögren syndrome was chosen as a clinical model to study acinar salivary deficiencies in the development of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). The objective of this prospective cohort study was to compare salivary epidermal growth factor (EGF) concentrations of patients with Sjögren syndrome with and without LPR and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with normal controls. LPR was diagnosed with positive scores on the Reflux Symptom Index and Reflux and Reflux Finding Score, corroborated by esophagogastroduodenoscopy and/or 24-hour pH-metry...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625577/risk-factors-for-chronic-cough-among-14-669-individuals-from-the-general-population
#2
Yunus Çolak, Børge G Nordestgaard, Lars C Laursen, Shoaib Afzal, Peter Lange, Morten Dahl
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for chronic cough in the general population have not been described systematically. We identified and ranked chronic cough risk factors at the individual and community level using data from 14669 individuals from the Copenhagen General Population Study. METHODS: Severity of chronic cough was assessed using the Leicester Cough Questionnaire(LCQ). We ranked chronic cough risk factors based on magnitude of age-adjusted odds ratios(ORs) at the individual level and of the population attributable risks(PARs) at the community level...
June 15, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622974/survey-of-the-adherence-to-the-consensus-of%C3%A2-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-before-and-after-the-implementation-course
#3
Jyh-Ming Liou, Bor-Shyang Sheu, Yi-Chia Lee, Hsiu-Chi Cheng, Wei-Lun Chang, Deng-Chyang Wu, Ping-I Hsu, Chun-Ying Wu, Ming-Shiang Wu, Cheng-Tang Chiu, Jaw-Town Lin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The prevalence of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing worldwide, including Asia. Although several consensus reports have been published, little is known regarding the adherence of the physicians on the consensus of GERD. We aimed to survey the agreements and adherence of physicians to the Taiwan GERD consensus before and after the continual medical education (CME) courses. METHODS: Two-hundred and twenty-seven physicians, including 81 fellows of gastroenterology, 135 qualified gastroenterologists, and 11 non-gastroenterologist attending physicians were invited to the CME course...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591070/emerging-gastrointestinal-and-liver-diseases-in-asia-pacific-implications-to-health-care-in-the-region-world-gastroenterology-organization-asian-pacific-association-of-gastroenterology-distinguished-global-lecture-2015
#4
Khean-Lee Goh
Colorectal cancer (CRC), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are considered important emerging diseases in the Asia Pacific (AP) region. The incidence rate of CRC is the highest among gastrointestinal cancers in the region surpassing that of gastric cancer. However, population CRC screening is limited by availability of adequate health resources and financing. GERD is a highly prevalent disease in AP with the prevalence of GERD symptoms and reflux esophagitis reported to be increasing...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571180/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-its-association-with-body-mass-index-clinical-and-endoscopic-study
#5
Bhumika Vaishnav, Arvind Bamanikar, Pragati Maske, Anudeep Reddy, Sukanya Dasgupta
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is rapidly becoming a pandemic and poses a serious health risk to the individuals. Abdominal obesity is quite common in India and is a prime risk factor for diseases like diabetes, coronary artery disease, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), osteoarthritis etc. A complex and multifactorial aetiopathogenesis of GERD exists in presence of obesity. The current study focuses on high Body Mass Index (BMI), a marker of obesity, as a risk factor for GERD and aims for a better understanding of their complex association...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568312/autoimmune-comorbidity-in-achalasia-patients
#6
Fernanda Romero-Hernández, Janette Furuzawa-Carballeda, Gabriela Hernández-Molina, Edgar Alejandro-Medrano, Carlos A Núñez-Álvarez, Diego F Hernández-Ramírez, Daniel Azamar-Llamas, Elizabeth Olivares-Martínez, Blanca Breña, Axel Palacios, Miguel A Valdovinos, Enrique Coss-Adame, Bárbara Ramos-Ávalos, Samuel Torres-Landa, Axel A Hernández-Ávila, Athenea Flores-Nájera, Gonzalo Torres-Villalobos
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic achalasia is a rare esophageal motor disorder. The disease state manifests local and systemic inflammation, and it appears that an autoimmune component and specific autoantibodies participate in the pathogenesis. AIM: To determine the prevalence of autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases in patients with achalasia and compare the results with those from patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: It was a cross-sectional and included 114 patients with idiopathic achalasia and 114 age-and sex-matched control patients with GERD...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544250/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-intraoperative-gastroesophageal-reflux-and-postanesthetic-vomiting-and-diarrhea-in-dogs-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#7
Carlos Torrente, Isabel Vigueras, Edgar G Manzanilla, Cecilia Villaverde, Laura Fresno, Bibiana Carvajal, Marina Fiñana, Cristina Costa-Farré
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of intraoperative gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and postanesthetic vomiting and diarrhea, and to evaluate risk factors associated with these gastrointestinal disorders (GID) in dogs undergoing general anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Two hundred thirty-seven client-owned dogs undergoing general inhalant anesthesia for diagnostic or surgical purposes...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539865/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-prevalence-among-school-teachers-of-saudi-arabia-and-its-impact-on-their-daily-life-activities
#8
Abdulrahman Mohammed Altwigry, Majed Saud Almutairi, Masood Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common upper gastrointestinal disorder encountered in the elderly patient. It is highly prevalent worldwide with a prevalence of 10-20% in the western world. The health-related quality of life (HRQL) is lower in individuals with GERD than in the general population and is comparable to that in individuals with other chronic diseases. It has a considerable impact on the quality of the patient's life through its symptoms and economically by following consultation procedures and medical care...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521699/food-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#9
Teodora Surdea-Blaga, Dana E Negrutiu, Mariana Palage, Dan L Dumitrascu
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic condition with a high prevalence in western countries. Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation episodes and a decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure are the main mechanisms involved. Currently used drugs are efficient on reflux symptoms, but only as long as they are administered, because they do not modify the reflux barrier. Certain nutrients or foods are generally considered to increase the frequency of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, therefore physicians recommend changes in diet and some patients avoid bothering foods...
May 15, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475749/ineffective-esophageal-motility-clinical-manometric-and-outcome-characteristics-in-patients-with-and-without-abnormal-esophageal-acid-exposure
#10
K P Shetler, S Bikhtii, G Triadafilopoulos
The etiology and clinical impact of ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) remain poorly understood. Unless gastroesophageal acid reflux (GERD) is identified, symptomatic patients with IEM are challenging to treat. We sought to determine whether any clinical or functional characteristics could distinguish those patients with IEM and either normal or abnormal esophageal acid exposure.In this retrospective cohort study, we identified 46 consecutive patients presenting with heartburn, and other GER symptoms who underwent clinical, endoscopic, and functional evaluation that included high-resolution manometry (HRM) and ambulatory pH monitoring...
June 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472834/gastroesophageal-reflux-after-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#11
Vivek Kumbhari, Pietro Familiari, Niels Christian Bjerregaard, Mathieu Pioche, Edward Jones, Weon Jin Ko, Bu Hayee, Anna Cali, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Francois Mion, Ruben Hernaez, Sabine Roman, Alan H Tieu, Mohamad El Zein, Tokunbo Ajayi, Amyn Haji, Joo Young Cho, Jeffrey Hazey, Kyle A Perry, Thierry Ponchon, Rastislav Kunda, Guido Costamagna, Mouen A Khashab
Background and study aims The variables associated with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) after peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) are largely unknown. This study aimed to: 1) identify the prevalence of reflux esophagitis and asymptomatic GER in patients who underwent POEM, and 2) evaluate patient and intraprocedural variables associated with post-POEM GER. Patients and methods All patients who underwent POEM and subsequent objective testing for GER (pH study with or without upper gastrointestinal [GI] endoscopy) at seven tertiary academic centers (one Asian, two US, four European) were included...
May 4, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471304/upper-esophageal-sphincter-abnormalities-and-high-resolution-esophageal-manometry-findings-in-patients-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#12
Tanmayee Benjamin, Shamiq Zackria, Rocio Lopez, Joel Richter, Prashanthi N Thota
BACKGROUND: The association between laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and abnormalities of upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and esophageal motility is not clearly known. High-resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) has allowed accurate measurement and evaluation of UES and esophageal function. GOALS: To evaluate the UES function and esophageal motility using HREM in patients with LPR and compare them to patients with typical gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). STUDY: All patients evaluated for GERD or LPR symptoms with esophageal function testing including HREM, ambulatory distal pH monitoring and upper endoscopy between 2006 and 2014 were retrospectively studied (n = 220)...
May 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455802/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-with-concomitant-hiatal-hernia-repair-an-unresolved-question
#13
Hanaa Dakour Aridi, Mohammad Asali, Tarek Fouani, Ramzi S Alami, Bassem Y Safadi
PURPOSE: The effectiveness of the concomitant repair of hiatal hernia (HHR) during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in reducing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms is still unclear. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of concomitant HHR on postoperative GERD symptoms in our patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent LSG with or without HHR between 2011and 2014 was performed. Pre- and postoperative GERD symptoms were assessed at different time intervals until a maximum of 2 years after the surgery...
April 28, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427116/current-trends-in-the-management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#14
REVIEW
Dalbir S Sandhu, Ronnie Fass
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) characterized by heartburn and/or regurgitation symptoms is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders managed by gastroenterologists and primary care physicians. There has been an increase in GERD prevalence, particularly in North America and East Asia. Over the past three decades proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been the mainstay of medical therapy for GERD. However, recently there has been an increasing awareness amongst physicians and patients regarding the side effects of the PPI class of drugs...
April 24, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425145/prevalence-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-cats-during-anesthesia-and-effect-of-omeprazole-on-gastric-ph
#15
R S Garcia, P C Belafsky, A Della Maggiore, J M Osborn, B H Pypendop, T Pierce, V J Walker, A Fulton, S L Marks
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is poorly characterized in anesthetized cats, but can cause aspiration pneumonia, esophagitis, and esophageal stricture formation. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pre-anesthetic orally administered omeprazole increases gastric and esophageal pH and increases serum gastrin concentrations in anesthetized cats, and to determine the prevalence of GER using combined multichannel impedance and pH monitoring. ANIMALS: Twenty-seven healthy cats undergoing elective dental procedures...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421172/aspiration-risk-and-respiratory-complications-in-patients-with-esophageal-atresia
#16
REVIEW
Thomas Kovesi
Chronic, long-term respiratory morbidity (CRM) is common in patients with a history of repaired congenital esophageal atresia, typically associated with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). EA/TEF patients are at high risk of having aspiration, and retrospective studies have associated CRM with both recurrent aspiration and atopy. However, studies evaluating the association between CRM in this population and either aspiration or atopy have reported conflicting results. Furthermore, CRM in this population may be due to other related conditions as well, such as tracheomalacia and/or recurrent infections...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405322/specific-dyspeptic-symptoms-are-associated-with-poor-response-to-therapy-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#17
A D'Alessandro, F P Zito, M Pesce, P Andreozzi, E Efficie, M Cargiolli, F Maione, G D De Palma, R Cuomo, G Sarnelli
INTRODUCTION: In patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD), co-existence of functional dyspepsia (FD) is known to be associated with poor response to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), but the contribution of specific dyspepsia symptoms has not yet been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize the impact of dyspepsia symptoms on response to PPIs in patients with GORD. METHODS: The enrolled subjects were consecutive patients with a diagnosis of GORD...
February 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403034/national-study-of-off-label-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-among-new-zealand-infants-in-the-first-year-of-life-2005-2012
#18
Mei-Ling Blank, Lianne Parkin
OBJECTIVE: Off-label prescribing of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to infants to treat symptoms attributed to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is widely reported, despite evidence that PPIs are no more effective than placebo in relieving those symptoms. To initiate discussion about appropriate prescribing of these drugs for infants, we describe the characteristics of PPI use among infants in New Zealand. METHODS: In this population-based study we used routinely collected dispensing data to identify all children born between 2005 and 2012 who were dispensed a government-subsidized PPI (omeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole) before their first birthday...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385468/approach-attitudes-and-knowledge-of-general-practitioners-in-relation-to-helicobacter-pylori-is-inadequate-there-is-much-room-for-improvement
#19
A D Cano-Contreras, O Rascón, M Amieva-Balmori, S Ríos-Gálvez, Y J Maza, A Meixueiro-Daza, F Roesch-Dietlen, J M Remes-Troche
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is one of the most common infections in humans. Due to its worldwide prevalence, a series of guidelines and recommendations has been developed for the appropriate screening, diagnosis, and management of patients with Hp infection. AIM: To evaluate the approach, attitudes, and knowledge of a group of Mexican general practitioners in relation to Hp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted that evaluated the knowledge of Hp diagnosis and treatment through the application of a questionnaire...
April 3, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343226/the-effect-of-ineffective-esophageal-motility-on-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#20
Shingo Kasamatsu, Tomoaki Matsumura, Yuki Ohta, Shinsaku Hamanaka, Hideaki Ishigami, Takashi Taida, Kenichiro Okimoto, Keiko Saito, Daisuke Maruoka, Tomoo Nakagawa, Tatsuro Katsuno, Mai Fujie, Atsuko Kikuchi, Makoto Arai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) is the most common gastrointestinal motility disorder. Studies have reported that IEM is related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, the relationship between IEM and GERD remains uncertain. This study aims to clarify this relationship retrospectively. METHODS: We analyzed 195 subjects who underwent high-resolution manometry between January 2011 and September 2016. Of these subjects, 72 had normal esophageal motility (NEM) and 26 had IEM...
2017: Digestion
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