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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805533/women-veterans-and-menopause-knowledge-and-preferences
#1
Noella A Dietz, Tatiana Mijares-Cantrell, Daisy Acevedo, Debra Annane, Remberto Rodriguez, Panagiota Caralis, Silvina Levis
BACKGROUND: The increasing number and older age of women Veterans receiving care at Veterans Health Administration (VHA) requires healthcare providers to adjust to their changing patient population. We explored women Veterans' self-reported knowledge of menopause, current/preferred sources of menopausal health information, and perceptions/barriers regarding treatment of menopausal symptoms. METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted at two South Florida VHA facilities in 2014, which included 30 women Veterans (aged 45-60 years) who visited VHA primary care clinics at least once in the past year...
August 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799962/intention-to-receive-breast-cancer-screening-and-related-factors-of-influence-among-vietnamese-women-in-transnational-marriages
#2
Fang-Hsin Lee
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a major global health issue. Receivingregular breast cancer screenings aids in the early detection and treatment of breast cancer. Numerous factors influence whether a Vietnamese woman receives breast cancer screening. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to understand current rates of breast cancer screening and explore the factors that influence intention to undergo breast cancer screening among Vietnamese women in transnational marriages...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798997/high-stakes-for-the-health-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-patients-of-color
#3
Judy Y Tan, Arshiya A Baig, Marshall H Chin
As clinicians, educators, and researchers, our ability to provide the best possible care to our patients who are sexual and gender minority (SGM) people of color is increasingly challenged. Relative to the general population, SGM patients often have worse health outcomes, and among SGM patients, racial and ethnic minorities are particularly vulnerable. Healthcare policies proposed by the current administration, along with an increasingly hostile and dangerous social climate, have the potential to seriously harm SGM patients of color...
August 10, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777761/occupational-therapists-experience-of-workplace-fatigue-issues-and-action
#4
Cary A Brown, Jennifer Schell, Lisa M Pashniak
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists (OTs) work in all areas of health and wellbeing. The work is physically and psychologically demanding, but OTs are often not diligent about recognizing and attending to the workplace health and safety issue of fatigue in their own work settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to determine current issues and the evidence-base as presented in the literature so as to develop awareness and best practice interventions for fatigue reduction and management in occupational therapists' workplace...
August 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771006/continuous-hydrothermal-synthesis-of-inorganic-nanoparticles-applications-and-future-directions
#5
Jawwad A Darr, Jingyi Zhang, Neel M Makwana, Xiaole Weng
Nanomaterials are at the leading edge of the emerging field of nanotechnology. Their unique and tunable size-dependent properties (in the range 1-100 nm) make these materials indispensable in many modern technological applications. In this Review, we summarize the state-of-art in the manufacture and applications of inorganic nanoparticles made using continuous hydrothermal flow synthesis (CHFS) processes. First, we introduce ideal requirements of any flow process for nanoceramics production, outline different approaches to CHFS, and introduce the pertinent properties of supercritical water and issues around mixing in flow, to generate nanoparticles...
August 3, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765823/past-present-and-future-of-pharmacovigilance-in-korea
#6
REVIEW
Dong Yoon Kang, Kyung-Min Ahn, Hye-Ryun Kang, Sang-Heon Cho
As an essential part of patient safety, pharmacovigilance is of worldwide interest and should expand its scope and focus on new emerging issues. South Korea has been making continuous efforts in the field of pharmacovigilance for the last 3 decades since voluntary adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting system was first launched in 1988. Korea joined the World Health Organization Program for International Drug Monitoring in 1992, and the activities of Pharmacovigilance Research Network, Korean Society for Pharmacoepidemiology and Risk Management, and Regional Pharmacovigilance Center (RPVC) have contributed to the remarkable progress in the pharmacovigilance area and global status...
July 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762209/a-mapping-study-on-mobile-games-for-patients-of-chronic-diseases
#7
Kévin Cardoso de Sá, Márcio Garcia Martins, Cristiano André da Costa, Jorge Luis Victoria Barbosa, Rodrigo da Rosa Righi
There is a growing interest of using technologies to propose solutions for healthcare issues. One of such issues is the incidence of chronic diseases, which are responsible for a considerable proportion of worldwide mortality. It is possible to prevent the development of such diseases using tools and methods that instruct the population. To achieve this, mobile games provide a powerful environment for teaching different subjects to user, without them actively knowing that they are learning new concepts. Despite the growing interest of using mobile games in healthcare, more specifically by patients with chronic diseases, in the best of our knowledge there are no studies that address the current research being published in the area...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760156/predictors-of-self-reported-health-among-the-elderly-in-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Cynthia Lum Fonta, Justice Nonvignon, Moses Aikins, Emmanuel Nwosu, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey
BACKGROUND: Self-reported health is a widely used measure of health status across individuals. As the ageing population increases, the health of the elderly also becomes of growing concern. The elderly go through life facing social, economic and financial hardships. These hardships are known to affect the health status of people as they age. The purpose of this study is to assess social and health related factors of self-reported health among the elderly in Ghana. METHODS: A multivariate regression analysis in form of a binary and ordinal logistic regression were used to determine the association between socioeconomic, demographic and health related factors, on self-reported health...
July 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759348/perceived-efficacy-and-intentions-regarding-seeking-mental-healthcare-impact-of-deepika-padukone-a-bollywood-celebrity-s-public-announcement-of-struggle-with-depression
#9
Parul Jain, Uma Shankar Pandey, Enakshi Roy
The current research examines the impact of Deepika Padukone's (one of the most popular Bollywood celebrities) public announcement of struggle with depression on people's perceived efficacy and intentions to seek help for mental healthcare. A survey conducted with 206 participants from India, the country with the highest depression rates in the world, revealed that parasocial interaction with the celebrity mediated the effect of exposure on intentions and efficacy perceptions regarding seeking mental healthcare...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759323/designing-home-based-telemedicine-systems-for-the-geriatric-population-an-empirical-study
#10
Shraddhaa Narasimha, Sruthy Agnisarman, Kapil Chalil Madathil, Anand Gramopadhye, James T McElligott
Background and Introduction: Telemedicine, the process of providing healthcare remotely using communication devices, has the potential to be useful for the geriatric population when specifically designed for this age group. This study explored the design of four video telemedicine systems currently available and outlined issues with these systems that impact usability among the geriatric population. Based on the results, design suggestions were developed to improve telemedicine systems for this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a between-subjects experimental design, the study considered four telemedicine systems used in Medical University of South Carolina...
July 31, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740510/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-bioethical-lens
#11
REVIEW
Arcangelo Liso, Margherita Neri, Francesca Maglietta, Raffaele La Russa, Emanuela Turillazzi
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is one of a range of therapeutic options available to patients suffering from various diseases. HSCT procedure involves important ethical and legal aspects that can occur at every phase of the procedure: the clinical choice of whether to perform the procedure, pretransplantation preparation regimens, donor selection, stem cell harvest procedure, transplantation phase, and short-term and long-term follow-up care. In this discussion paper, we outline the ethical issue-facing physicians involved in HSCT...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738327/updated-concepts-on-treatment-outcomes-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Victor Certal, Robson Capasso
Obstructive sleep apnea is a highly prevalent and poorly understood condition that not only leads to significant individual patient health damage, but carries a large societal cost secondary to excessive healthcare utilization, motor-vehicle accidents, and work absenteeism. While a significant fund of knowledge about its damaging effects on the cardiovascular system and neural pathways has been gathered over the past few decades, the translation to direct patient care still presents numerous challenges. With the exception of clear issues such as socially unacceptable snoring and breathing irregularities, the exact cause and effect relationship between airway narrowing, hypoxemia, and sleep fragmentation with subjective sleep-related complaints and neurocognitive symptoms is less clear...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738325/a-proposal-of-the-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity-to-improve-the-icd-11-diagnostic-criteria-for-obesity-based-on-the-three-dimensions-etiology-degree-of-adiposity-and-health-risk
#13
Johannes Hebebrand, Jens-Christian Holm, Euan Woodward, Jennifer Lyn Baker, Ellen Blaak, Dominique Durrer Schutz, Nathalie J Farpour-Lambert, Gema Frühbeck, Jason G C Halford, Lauren Lissner, Dragan Micic, Dana Mullerova, Gabriela Roman, Karin Schindler, Hermann Toplak, Tommy L S Visscher, Volkan Yumuk
Diagnostic criteria for complex medical conditions caused by a multitude of both genetic and environmental factors should be descriptive and avoid any attribution of causality. Furthermore, the wording used to describe a disorder should be evidence-based and avoid stigmatization of the affected individuals. Both terminology and categorizations should be readily comprehensible for healthcare professionals and guide clinical decision making. Uncertainties with respect to diagnostic issues and their implications may be addressed to direct future clinical research...
July 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728574/creation-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-clinical-trials-of-people-with-shoulder-pain-a-study-protocol
#14
Joel J Gagnier, Matthew J Page, Hsiaomin Huang, Arianne P Verhagen, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: The selection of appropriate outcomes or domains is crucial when designing clinical trials, to appreciate the effects of different interventions, pool results, and make valid comparisons between trials. If the findings are to influence policy and practice, then the chosen outcomes need to be relevant and important to key stakeholders, including patients and the public, healthcare professionals and others making decisions about health care. There is a growing recognition that insufficient attention has been paid to the outcomes measured in clinical trials...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727695/where-to-from-here-posthumous-healthcare-data-digital-e-lectronic-mortality-and-new-zealand-s-healthcare-future
#15
Katie Hoeksema, Richman Wee, Alastair Macdonald, Parry Guilford, Jesse Wall, Jon Cornwall
Ongoing improvements in digital data acquisition and storage has led to the phenomenon of e(lectronic)-mortality, where digital data can now exist for a potentially infinite period. Globally, many countries are facilitating the acquisition and researcher-led access to large-scale, population-based digitised healthcare data sets. Their utilisation has led to numerous positive advances in healthcare. New Zealand's medical record system is becoming increasingly digitised, and as a consequence there will be an ever-increasing resource of posthumous healthcare data stored digitally, including genomic information...
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725576/cost-consideration-in-utilization-of-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-prostate-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Ryan Hutchinson, Yair Lotan
The screening, evaluation and management of prostate cancer changed significantly in the last decade. The recommendations regarding prostate cancer screening continue to evolve with new revelations about existing data sets and longer followup of landmark trials. Robotics has gained the vast majority of the marketplace for surgically managed prostate cancer in rapid fashion. The need for intervention in low risk prostate cancer has been closely examined and more men are being expectantly managed than ever before...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722559/free-versus-subsidised-healthcare-options-for-fee-exemptions-access-to-care-for-vulnerable-groups-and-effects-on-the-health-system-in-burkina-faso
#17
Maurice Yaogo
BACKGROUND: The many forms of healthcare fee exemptions implemented in Burkina Faso since the 2000s have varied between total exemption (free) and cost subsidisation. This article examines both options, their contextual variations and the ways in which they affect access to healthcare for vulnerable people as well as the operation of the health system. This research is part of an interdisciplinary regional program on the elimination of user fees for health services in West Africa (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger)...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708107/family-communication-at-the-end-of-life
#18
EDITORIAL
Maureen P Keeley
People often feel awkward and ill at ease when faced with the opportunity for communication at the end of life, thus the overall theme for the articles in this special issue is the creation of more awareness and knowledge regarding the depth, breadth, and importance of current research exploring family communication at the end of life. This introductory essay attempts to accomplish the following: (1) discuss the importance of talk regarding death; (2) highlight the formative role of family interactions on the death and dying process; and (3) outline the articles in this special issue...
July 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707495/individualizing-the-selection-of-long-acting-bronchodilator-therapy-for-patients-with-copd-considerations-in-primary-care
#19
Brian W Carlin, Sandra K Schuldheisz, Imre Noth, Gerard J Criner
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common condition encountered in primary care settings. COPD remains the third leading cause of death in the United States and carries a significant burden to both patients and the healthcare system. COPD is a chronic, progressive, irreversible lung disease associated with high morbidity and mortality. Proper assessment and diagnosis requires spirometry which is currently underutilized in primary care. Management is focused on adequate symptom control, improving quality of breathing and quality of life, and preventing exacerbations and hospitalizations...
July 24, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699941/hospital-based-clinicians-use-of-technology-for-patient-care-related-communication-a-national-survey
#20
Kevin O'Leary, David Liebovitz, Robert Wu, Ksheeraja Ravi, Claire Knoten, Mengxin Sun, Ashley Walker, Madhu Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To characterize current use of communication technologies, including standard text messaging and secure mobile messaging applications, for patient care-related (PCR) communication. METHODS: We used a Society of Hospital Medicine database to conduct a national cross-sectional survey of hospital-based clinicians. RESULTS: We analyzed data from 620 survey respondents (adjusted response rate, 11.0%). Pagers were provided by hospitals to 495 (79...
July 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
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