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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434484/practical-aspects-in-the-management-of-statin-associated-muscle-symptoms-sams
#1
Ulrich Laufs, Krysztof J Filipiak, Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Alberico L Catapano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS) frequently cause statin non-adherence, switching and discontinuation, contributing to adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. Therefore, the management of SAMS is key in the effective treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD), through achievement of maximum-tolerated statin dosing and other practical aspects. The aim of this article is to provide practical, focused advice for healthcare professionals on the management of patients with SAMS...
April 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434433/overview-on-the-current-implementation-of-health-technology-assessment-in-the-healthcare-system-in-hungary
#2
Bertalan Németh, Marcell Csanádi, Zoltán Kaló
OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to assess the current implementation of health technology assessment (HTA) in Hungary and to identify country-specific patterns of challenges and potential improvements. METHODS: We applied a structure that can be used to create HTA implementation roadmaps to evaluate various issues regarding HTA implementation. A comprehensive description of the Hungarian HTA system is presented according to relevant literature and experiences of the authors...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433241/mechanics-of-additively-manufactured-biomaterials
#3
EDITORIAL
Amir A Zadpoor
Additive manufacturing (3D printing) has found many applications in healthcare including fabrication of biomaterials as well as bioprinting of tissues and organs. Additively manufactured (AM) biomaterials may possess arbitrarily complex micro-architectures that give rise to novel mechanical, physical, and biological properties. The mechanical behavior of such porous biomaterials including their quasi-static mechanical properties and fatigue resistance is not yet well understood. It is particularly important to understand the relationship between the designed micro-architecture (topology) and the resulting mechanical properties...
June 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427011/biosensors-for-the-monitoring-of-harmful-algal-blooms
#4
REVIEW
Daniel A McPartlin, Jonathan H Loftus, Aoife S Crawley, Joe Silke, Caroline S Murphy, Richard J O'Kennedy
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are a major global concern due to their propensity to cause environmental damage, healthcare issues and economic losses. In particular, the presence of toxic phytoplankton is a cause for concern. Current HAB monitoring programs often involve laborious laboratory-based analysis at a high cost and with long turnaround times. The latter also hampers the potential to develop accurate and reliable models that can predict HAB occurrence. However, a promising solution for this issue may be in the form of remotely deployed biosensors, which can rapidly and continuously measure algal and toxin levels at the point-of-need (PON), at a low cost...
April 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420355/facilitators-and-barriers-to-using-physical-activity-smartphone-apps-among-chinese-patients-with-chronic-diseases
#5
Liu Sun, Yanling Wang, Brian Greene, Qian Xiao, Chen Jiao, Meihua Ji, Ying Wu
BACKGROUND: Smartphones and their applications (apps) impact society and health care. With the growth of smartphone users and app downloads in China, patients with chronic diseases have access to a self-management strategy for physical activity. Although studies report physical activity apps improve the physical activity of patients, data is limited concerning their use of these apps. Therefore, this study investigated the current usage, willingness to use, and barriers to using physical activity apps of Chinese patients with chronic diseases...
April 19, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419796/-third-working-conditions-and-health-survey-in-navarre-spain-main-findings
#6
Vega García
OBJECTIVE: To describe health problems and working conditions perceived by workers of Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Conduct of the Third Survey of Working Conditions and Health in Navarre. We administered the Seventh Spanish National Survey of Working Conditions questionnaire by personal interviews conducted in the workers' homes between October 2014 and December 2014, and using a three-stage stratified sampling approach, by economic activity, work establishment size and gender...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414173/affinity-interactions-drive-post-implantation-drug-filling-even-in-the-presence-of-bacterial-biofilm
#7
Erika L Cyphert, Sean T Zuckerman, Horst A von Recum, Julius N Korley
Current post-operative standard of care for surgical procedures, including device implantations, dictates prophylactic antimicrobial therapy, but a percentage of patients still develop infections. Systemic antimicrobial therapy needed to treat such infections can lead to downstream tissue toxicities and generate drug-resistant bacteria. To overcome issues associated with systemic drug administration, a polymer incorporating specific drug affinity has been developed with the potential to be filled or refilled with antimicrobials, post-implantation, even in the presence of bacterial biofilm...
April 13, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411706/report-of-the-society-for-vascular-surgery-and-the-american-venous-forum-on-the-july-20-2016-meeting-of-the-medicare-evidence-development-and-coverage-advisory-committee-panel-on-lower-extremity-chronic-venous-disease
#8
Peter Gloviczki, Michael C Dalsing, Peter Henke, Brajesh K Lal, Thomas F O'Donnell, Cynthia K Shortell, Ying Huang, Jovan Markovic, Thomas W Wakefield
On July 20, 2016, a Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Advisory Committee panel assessed the benefits and risks of currently used lower extremity chronic venous disease (CVD) treatments and their effects on health outcome of the American adult population. The main purpose of the meeting was to advise the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services on coverage determination for interventions used for treatment of CVD. A systematic review of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality was presented, followed by lectures of invited experts and a public hearing of representatives of professional societies and the industry...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407058/access-to-healthcare-for-undocumented-migrants-analysis-of-avoidable-hospital-admissions-in-sicily-from-2003-to-2013
#9
Daniele Mipatrini, Sebastiano Pollina Addario, Roberto Bertollini, Mario Palermo, Alice Mannocci, Giuseppe La Torre, Kate Langley, Matteo Dembech, Sara Barragan Montes, Santino Severoni
Access to healthcare services for undocumented migrants is one of the main public health issues currently being debated among European countries. Exclusion from primary healthcare services may lead to serious consequences for migrants' health. We analyzed the risk among undocumented migrants, in comparison with regular migrants, of being hospitalized for preventable conditions in the Region of Sicily (Italy). We performed a hospital-based cross-sectional study of the foreign population hospitalized in the Sicily region between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2013...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404484/health-research-capacity-building-in-georgia-a%C3%A2-case-based-needs-assessment
#10
A Squires, T Chitashvili, M Djibuti, L Ridge, D Chyun
OBJECTIVES: Research capacity building in the health sciences in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has typically focused on bench-science capacity, but research examining health service delivery and health workforce is equally necessary to determine the best ways to deliver care. The Republic of Georgia, formerly a part of the Soviet Union, has multiple issues within its healthcare system that would benefit from expended research capacity, but the current research environment needs to be explored prior to examining research-focused activities...
March 6, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403698/high-risk-neuroblastoma-in-a-sub-saharan-african-country-telling-it-like-it-is
#11
G P Hadley, J van Heerden
Neuroblastoma is uncommon in Africa, but when seen usually presents as high-risk disease with a poor prognosis. This aggressive biology of the tumour is frequently augmented by delayed presentation. Current treatment depends upon technologies and skills that are scarce in developing countries and the cost involved is generally beyond the means of healthcare providers who are faced with a myriad more pressing healthcare issues. The presentation, treatment and outcome of 45 African children with neuroblastoma are described...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403521/understanding-management-and-support-for-domestic-violence-and-abuse-dva-within-emergency-departments-a-systematic-literature-review-from-2000-to-2015
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn Hinsliff-Smith, Julie McGarry
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to identify, review and critically evaluate published empirical studies concerned with the prevalence, management and support for survivors of DVA who present at ED. BACKGROUND: DVA is a global phenomenon with a wealth of studies that explore the different aspects of the issue including the economic, social and health effects on survivors and on society as a whole. ED is widely recognised as one healthcare facility where DVA survivors will often disclose DVA...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401613/implementing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-critical-care-settings-perspectives-of-healthcare-professionals
#13
Charlotte Handberg, Anna Katarina Voss
AIM: The aim of the current study was to describe the perspectives of healthcare professionals caring for intubated patients on implementing Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in critical care settings. BACKGROUND: Patients in critical care settings subjected to endotracheal intubation suffer from a temporary functional speech disorder and can also experience anxiety, stress and delirium, leading to longer and more complicated hospitalization and rehabilitation...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399790/obstacles-to-the-discussion-of-sexual-problems-in-menopausal-women-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-providers
#14
Masoumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei
The aim of this study was to explore issues that challenge menopausal women in discussions of their sexual problems with a physician. This was done from the perspective of healthcare providers. In a descriptive exploratory qualitative study, using a semi-structured interview and purposive sampling, a sample set of 12 midwives and 13 general practitioners aged 25-70 years were selected in order to elicit meaning behind their experiences about the subject under study. Data analysis was carried out using qualitative content analysis...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392595/the-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching-a-guide-for-decision-making-from-daily-clinical-encounters-to-national-policy-making
#15
Karen Shields Wright
Catholic social teaching (CST), a branch of moral theology, addresses contemporary issues within the political, economic, and cultural structures of society. The threefold cornerstone of CST contains the principles of human dignity, solidarity, and subsidiarity. It is the foundation on which to form our conscience in order to evaluate the framework of society and is the Catholic criteria for prudential judgment and direction in developing current policy-making. With knowledge of these social principles, in combination with our faith, we will be more armed and informed as to articulate the Catholic vision of reality, the truthful nature of the human person and society, to apply and integrate the social teachings in our everyday administrative and clinical encounters, and through the virtue of charity take action within the social, political, and economic spheres in which we have influence...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386806/-people-with-dementia-in-primary-care-prevalence-incidence-risk-factors-and-interventions
#16
Jochen René Thyrian
BACKGROUND: Approximately 110 years after the first description of Alzheimer's disease (AD) healthcare systems worldwide face the challenge of increasing numbers of people affected by dementia. There is a need to develop (national) dementia plans on a societal level to implement strategies to combat these challenges. These plans, among other topics, explicitly aim at scientific and research strategies as well as support and healthcare structures. OBJECTIVE: This article describes a selection of current healthcare research studies and projects in Germany...
April 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382678/recognising-and-responding-to-in-hospital-clinical-deterioration-an-integrative-review-of-interprofessional-practice-issues
#17
REVIEW
Emily Allen, Doug Elliott, Debra Jackson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify, appraise and synthesise current evidence regarding organisation-wide interprofessional practice issues that facilitate or inhibit effective recognition and response to clinical deterioration, using a theoretical Rapid Response System (RRS) model. BACKGROUND: Recognition and response to clinical deterioration, in adult general medical-surgical ward patients, is embedded as a routine interprofessional practice in acute healthcare organisations worldwide...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381261/challenges-for-achieving-safe-and-effective-radical-cure-of-plasmodium-vivax-a-round-table-discussion-of-the-apmen-vivax-working-group
#18
Kamala Thriemer, Benedikt Ley, Albino Bobogare, Lek Dysoley, Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Ayodhia P Pasaribu, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Elodie Jambert, Gonzalo J Domingo, Robert Commons, Sarah Auburn, Jutta Marfurt, Angela Devine, Mohammad M Aktaruzzaman, Nayeem Sohel, Rinzin Namgay, Tobgyel Drukpa, Surender Nath Sharma, Elvieda Sarawati, Iriani Samad, Minerva Theodora, Simone Nambanya, Sonesay Ounekham, Rose Nanti Binti Mudin, Garib Da Thakur, Leo Sora Makita, Raffy Deray, Sang-Eun Lee, Leonard Boaz, Manjula N Danansuriya, Santha D Mudiyanselage, Nipon Chinanonwait, Suravadee Kitchakarn, Johnny Nausien, Esau Naket, Thang Ngo Duc, Ha Do Manh, Young S Hong, Qin Cheng, Jack S Richards, Rita Kusriastuti, Ari Satyagraha, Rintis Noviyanti, Xavier C Ding, Wasif Ali Khan, Ching Swe Phru, Zhu Guoding, Gao Qi, Akira Kaneko, Olivo Miotto, Wang Nguitragool, Wanlapa Roobsoong, Katherine Battle, Rosalind E Howes, Arantxa Roca-Feltrer, Stephan Duparc, Ipsita Pal Bhowmick, Enny Kenangalem, Jo-Anne Bibit, Alyssa Barry, David Sintasath, Rabindra Abeyasinghe, Carol H Sibley, James McCarthy, Lorenz von Seidlein, J Kevin Baird, Ric N Price
The delivery of safe and effective radical cure for Plasmodium vivax is one of the greatest challenges for achieving malaria elimination from the Asia-Pacific by 2030. During the annual meeting of the Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network Vivax Working Group in October 2016, a round table discussion was held to discuss the programmatic issues hindering the widespread use of primaquine (PQ) radical cure. Participants included 73 representatives from 16 partner countries and 33 institutional partners and other research institutes...
April 5, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381249/cardiovascular-care-guideline-implementation-in-community-health-centers-in-oregon-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-real-world-barriers-and-challenges
#19
Rachel Gold, Arwen Bunce, Stuart Cowburn, James V Davis, Celine Hollombe, Christine A Nelson, Jon Puro, John Muench, Christian Hill, Victoria Jaworski, MaryBeth Mercer, Colleen Howard, Nancy Perrin, Jennifer DeVoe
BACKGROUND: Spreading effective, guideline-based cardioprotective care quality improvement strategies between healthcare settings could yield great benefits, particularly in under-resourced contexts. Understanding the diverse factors facilitating or impeding such guideline implementation could improve cardiovascular care quality and outcomes for vulnerable patients. METHODS: We sought to identify multi-level factors affecting uptake of cardioprotective care guidelines in community health centers (CHCs), within a successful trial of cross-setting implementation of an effective intervention...
April 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376811/smart-homes-private-homes-an-empirical-study-of-technology-researchers-perceptions-of-ethical-issues-in-developing-smart-home-health-technologies
#20
Giles Birchley, Richard Huxtable, Madeleine Murtagh, Ruud Ter Meulen, Peter Flach, Rachael Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Smart-home technologies, comprising environmental sensors, wearables and video are attracting interest in home healthcare delivery. Development of such technology is usually justified on the basis of the technology's potential to increase the autonomy of people living with long-term conditions. Studies of the ethics of smart-homes raise concerns about privacy, consent, social isolation and equity of access. Few studies have investigated the ethical perspectives of smart-home engineers themselves...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
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