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h2ax and irradiation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389334/loss-of-dusp3-activity-radiosensitizes-human-tumor-cell-lines-via-attenuation-of-dna-repair-pathways
#1
Thompson E P Torres, Lilian C Russo, Alexsandro Santos, Gabriela R Marques, Yuli T Magalhaes, Sartaj Tabassum, Fabio L Forti
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy causes the regression of many human tumors by increasing DNA damage, and the novel molecular mechanisms underlying the genomic instability leading to cancer progression and metastasis must be elucidated. Atypical dual-specificity phosphatase 3 (DUSP3) has been shown to down-regulate mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) to control the proliferation and apoptosis of human cancer cells. We have recently identified novel molecular targets of DUSP3 that function in DNA damage response and repair; however, whether DUSP3 affects these processes remains unknown...
April 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386336/celecoxib-enhances-the-radiosensitivity-of-hct116-cells-in-a-cox-2-independent-manner-by-up-regulating-bccip
#2
Xiao-Ting Xu, Wen-Tao Hu, Ju-Ying Zhou, Yu Tu
It has been reported that celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), regulates the radiosensitivity of several cancer cells. BCCIP (BRCA2 and CDKN1A interacting protein) plays a critical role in maintaining the critical functions of p53 in tumor suppression and response to therapy. However, whether the effect of celecoxib on the radiosensitivity of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells is dependent on BCCIP is largely unclear. In this study, we found that celecoxib enhanced the radiosensitivity of HeLa (a human cervical carcinoma cell line), A549 (a human lung carcinoma cell line), and HCT116 cells (a human CRC cells line)...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377996/data-on-the-effects-of-anti-cancer-drug-of-resveratrol-in-breast-cancer-cells-mda-mb-231-cells
#3
Eunmi Park
The data here is related to the article, "Curcumin enhances poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor sensitivity to chemotherapy in breast cancer cells" (Y.E Choi, and E. Park, 2015) [1]. The article shows that curcumin, as a natural bioactive compound, enhanced DNA damage response and induced cell death in MDA-MB-231 cells [1]. This data includes that breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-231 respond to DNA damage after UV irradiation, post to resveratrol treatment. The data shows that resveratrol treatment results in reduction of S-phase cell cycle and induction of γ-H2AX, which is a hallmark of DNA damage after UV irradiation in breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-231...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347471/double-strand-break-repair-and-%C3%AE-h2ax-formation-in-erythrocytes-of-medaka-oryzias-latipes-after-%C3%AE-irradiation
#4
Alaa El-Din Hamid Sayed, Kento Igarashi, Tomomi Watanabe-Asaka, Hiroshi Mitani
The study of the DNA damage response in erythrocytes after γ-irradiation may provide evidence for its effectiveness as a biomarkers for genotoxic environmental stress. We previously reported various malformations in erythrocytes of medaka irradiated with10 Gy, but not in their micronuclei. In this study, we optimized an assay method for γ-H2AX and double strand breaks in erythrocytes of adult medaka fish after 15 Gy of γ-irradiation. The highest level of apoptosis and nuclear abnormalities, including in micronuclei, were recorded 4 h after γ-irradiation, as was the highest level of γ-H2AX foci in erythrocytes...
May 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340407/transmission-of-persistent-ionizing-radiation-induced-foci-through-cell-division-in-human-primary-cells
#5
Aurelie Vaurijoux, Pascale Voisin, Amelie Freneau, Joan Francesc Barquinero, Gaetan Gruel
Unrepaired DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) induced by ionizing radiation are associated with lethal effects and genomic instability. After the initial breaks and chromatin destabilization, a set of post-translational modifications of histones occurs, including phosphorylation of serine 139 of histone H2AX (γH2AX), which leads to the formation of ionizing radiation-induced foci (IRIF). DSB repair results in the disappearance of most IRIF within hours after exposure, although some remain 24h after irradiation...
March 10, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340172/repositioning-disulfiram-as-a-radiosensitizer-against-atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumor
#6
Young Eun Lee, Seung Ah Choi, Pil Ae Kwack, Hak Jae Kim, Il Han Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Ji Hoon Phi, Ji Yeoun Lee, Sangjoon Chong, Sung-Hye Park, Kyung Duk Park, Do Won Hwang, Kyeung Min Joo, Seung-Ki Kim
Background.: Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is one of the most common malignant brain tumors in infants. Although cancer stem cells of AT/RT express aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), effective chemotherapies against AT/RT have not been established. Here, we examined radiosensitizing effects of disulfiram (DSF), an irreversible inhibitor of ALDH against AT/RT for a novel therapeutic method. Methods.: Patient-derived primary cultured AT/RT cells (SNU.AT/RT-5 and SNU...
March 17, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327192/dna-double-strand-breaks-in-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-reprogramming-and-long-term-in-vitro-culturing
#7
Pavel Simara, Lenka Tesarova, Daniela Rehakova, Pavel Matula, Stanislav Stejskal, Ales Hampl, Irena Koutna
BACKGROUND: Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) play roles in both disease modelling and regenerative medicine. It is critical that the genomic integrity of the cells remains intact and that the DNA repair systems are fully functional. In this article, we focused on the detection of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by phosphorylated histone H2AX (known as γH2AX) and p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) in three distinct lines of hiPSCs, their source cells, and one line of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)...
March 21, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291710/measurement-of-dna-damage-in-peripheral-blood-by-the-%C3%AE-h2ax-assay-as-predictor-of-colorectal-cancer-risk
#8
Lina Zhao, David W Chang, Yilei Gong, Cathy Eng, Xifeng Wu
The detection of γ-H2AX focus is one of the most sensitive ways to monitor DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Although changes in γ-H2AX activity have been studied in tumor cells in colorectal cancer (CRC), changes in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) have not been examined previously. We hypothesize that higher levels of irradiation-induced γ-H2AX in PBLs may be associated with an elevated risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). In a case-control study, the baseline and ionizing radiation (IR)-induced γ-H2AX levels in PBLs from frequency-matched 320 untreated CRC patients and 320 controls were detected by a laser scanning cytometer-based immunocytochemical method...
March 6, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277539/epidermal-rac1-regulates-the-dna-damage-response-and-protects-from-uv-light-induced-keratinocyte-apoptosis-and-skin-carcinogenesis
#9
Jayesh Deshmukh, Ruth Pofahl, Ingo Haase
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common type of cancer. Increased expression and activity of Rac1, a small Rho GTPase, has been shown previously in NMSC and other human cancers; suggesting that Rac1 may function as an oncogene in skin. DMBA/TPA skin carcinogenesis studies in mice have shown that Rac1 is required for chemically induced skin papilloma formation. However, UVB radiation by the sun, which causes DNA damage, is the most relevant cause for NMSC. A potential role of Rac1 in UV-light-induced skin carcinogenesis has not been investigated so far...
March 9, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267650/toxic-effects-of-56-fe-ion-radiation-on-the-zebrafish-danio-rerio-embryonic-development
#10
Jing Si, Rong Zhou, Jing'e Song, Lu Gan, Xin Zhou, Cuixia Di, Yang Liu, Aihong Mao, Qiuyue Zhao, Yupei Wang, Hong Zhang
All living organisms and ecosystems are permanently exposed to ionizing radiation. Of all the types of ionizing radiation, heavy ions such as (56)Fe have the potential to cause the most severe biological effects. We therefore examined the effects and potential mechanisms of iron ion irradiation on the induction of developmental toxicity and apoptosis in zebrafish embryos. Zebrafish embryos at 4h post-fertilization (hpf) were divided into five groups: a control group; and four groups irradiated with 0.5, 1, 2, and 4Gy radiation, respectively...
February 28, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243358/hydrogen-rich-water-ameliorates-total-body-irradiation-induced-hematopoietic-stem-cell-injury-by-reducing-hydroxyl-radical
#11
Junling Zhang, Xiaolei Xue, Xiaodan Han, Yuan Li, Lu Lu, Deguan Li, Saijun Fan
We examined whether consumption of hydrogen-rich water (HW) could ameliorate hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) injury in mice with total body irradiation (TBI). The results indicated that HW alleviated TBI-induced HSC injury with respect to cell number alteration and to the self-renewal and differentiation of HSCs. HW specifically decreased hydroxyl radical ((∙)OH) levels in the c-kit(+) cells of 4 Gy irradiated mice. Proliferative bone marrow cells (BMCs) increased and apoptotic c-kit(+) cells decreased in irradiated mice uptaken with HW...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184999/rosiglitazone-enhances-radiosensitivity-by-inhibiting-repair-of-dna-damage-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#12
Zhengzhe An, Jae-Ran Yu, Woo-Yoon Park
Radiation therapy (RT) is one of the main treatment modalities for cervical cancer. Rosiglitazone (ROSI) has been reported to have antiproliferative effects against various types of cancer cells and also to induce antioxidant enzymes that can scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and thereby modify radiosensitivity. Here, we explored the effect of ROSI on radiosensitivity and the underlying mechanisms in cervical cancer cells. Three cervical cancer cell lines (ME-180, HeLa, and SiHa) were used. The cells were pretreated with ROSI and then irradiated...
March 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178195/overexpression-of-skp2-inhibits-the-radiation-induced-bystander-effects-of-esophageal-carcinoma
#13
Xiao-Chun Wang, Tie-Jun Zhang, Zi-Jian Guo, Chang-Yan Xiao, Xiao-Wen Ding, Fang Fang, Wen-Tao Sheng, Xu Shu, Jue Li
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of S-phase kinase protein 2 (SKP2) expression on the radiation induced bystander effect (RIBE) in esophageal cancer (EC) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Western blot was used to detect the levels of SKP2, Rad51, and Ku70 in EC cells. Positive transfection, RNAi, micronucleus (MN), and γ-H2AX focus formation assay were used to investigate the effects of SKP2 on RIBE induced by irradiated cells. RESULTS: We found a significant negative correlation between SKP2 expression and MN frequency (p < 0...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108515/prostate-cancer-patients-with-late-radiation-toxicity-exhibit-reduced-expression-of-genes-involved-in-dna-double-strand-break-repair-and-homologous-recombination
#14
Bregje van Oorschot, Lon Uitterhoeve, Ilja Oomen, Rosemarie Ten Cate, Jan Paul Medema, Harry Vrieling, Lukas J A Stalpers, Perry D Moerland, Nicolaas A P Franken
Severe late damage to normal tissue is a major limitation of cancer radiotherapy in prostate cancer patients. In a recent retrospective study, late radiation toxicity was found to relate to a decreased decay of γ-H2AX foci and reduced induction of DNA double-strand break repair genes. Here, we report evidence of prognostic utility in prostate cancer for γ-H2AX foci decay ratios and gene expression profiles derived from ex vivo-irradiated patient lymphocytes. Patients were followed ≥2 years after radiotherapy...
March 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107384/an-approach-to-elucidate-nbs1-function-in-dna-repair-using-frequent-nonsynonymous-polymorphism-in-wild-medaka-oryzias-latipes-populations
#15
Kento Igarashi, Junya Kobayashi, Takafumi Katsumura, Yusuke Urushihara, Kyohei Hida, Tomomi Watanabe-Asaka, Hiroki Oota, Shoji Oda, Hiroshi Mitani
Nbs1 is one of the genes responsible for Nijmegen breakage syndrome, which is marked with high radiosensitivity. In human NBS1 (hNBS1), Q185E polymorphism is known as the factor to cancer risks, although its DSB repair defect has not been addressed. Here we investigated the genetic variations in medaka (Oryzias latipes) wild populations, and found 40 nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in medaka nbs1 (olnbs1) gene within 5 inbred strains. A mutation to histidine in Q170 residue in olNbs1, which corresponds to Q185 residue of hNBS1, was widely distributed in the closed colonies derived from the eastern Korean population of medaka...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099140/telomerase-antagonist-imetelstat-increases-radiation-sensitivity-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Xuping Wu, Jing Zhang, Sijun Yang, Zhihui Kuang, Guolei Tan, Gang Yang, Qichun Wei, Zhigang Guo
The morbidity and mortality of esophageal cancer is one of the highest around the world and the principal therapeutic method is radiation. Thus, searching for sensitizers with lower toxicity and higher efficiency to improve the efficacy of radiation therapy is critical essential. Our research group has previously reported that imetelstat, the thio-phosphoramidate oligonucleotide inhibitor of telomerase, can decrease cell proliferation and colony formation ability as well as increase DNA breaks induced by radiation in esophageal cancer cells...
February 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062703/tas-116-a-novel-hsp90-inhibitor-selectively-enhances-radiosensitivity-of-human-cancer-cells-to-x-rays-and-carbon-ion-radiation
#17
Younghyun Lee, Shigeaki Sunada, Hirokazu Hirakawa, Akira Fujimori, Jac A Nickoloff, Ryuichi Okayasu
Hsp90 inhibitors have been investigated as cancer therapeutics in monotherapy and to augment radiotherapy; however, serious adverse effects of early-generation Hsp90 inhibitors limited their development. TAS-116 is a novel Hsp90 inhibitor with lower adverse effects than other Hsp90 inhibitors, and here, we investigated the radiosensitizing effects of TAS-116 in low linear energy transfer (LET) X-ray and high LET carbon ion-irradiated human cancer cells and mouse tumor xenografts. TAS-116 decreased cell survival of both X-ray and carbon ion-irradiated human cancer cell lines (HeLa and H1299 cells), and similar to other Hsp90 inhibitors, it did not affect radiosensitivity of noncancerous human fibroblasts...
January 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052067/the-paradoxical-effects-of-different-hepatitis-c-viral-loads-on-host-dna-damage-and-repair-abilities
#18
Shu-Chi Wang, Kuan-Ru Lai, Chia-Yang Li, Chi-Shiun Chiang, Guann-Yi Yu, Naoya Sakamoto, Wen-Yu Tu, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh, Jee-Fu Huang, Wan-Long Chuang, Chia-Yen Dai, Ming-Lung Yu
Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-induced hepatic stress is associated with increased oxidative DNA damage and has been implicated in hepatic inflammation. However, HCV infection and replication are uneven and vary among individual hepatocytes. To investigate the effect of the viral load on host DNA damage, we used an Enhanced Yellow Fluorescent Protein gene (EYFP)-tagged HCV virus to distinguish between HCV intracellular high viral load (HVL) cells and low viral load (LVL) cells. The cell sorting efficiency was confirmed by the high expression of the HCV polyprotein...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025714/bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-improves-radiation-induced-heart-injury-through-dna-damage-repair-in-rat-model
#19
Song Gao, Zhiying Zhao, Rong Wu, Yuecan Zeng, Zhenyong Zhang, Jianing Miao, Zhengwei Yuan
Radiotherapy is an effective form of therapy for most thoracic malignant tumors. However, myocardial injury resulting from the high doses of radiation is a severe complication. Here we aimed to study the possibility of reducing radiation-induced myocardial injury with mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation. We used MSCs extracted from bone marrow (BMSCs) to transplant via the tail vein into a radiation-induced heart injury (RIHI) rat model. The rats were divided into six groups: a Sham group, an IRR (irradiation) group, and four IRR + BMSCs transplantation groups obtained at different time points...
December 26, 2016: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012437/autophagy-deficient-keratinocytes-display-increased-dna-damage-senescence-and-aberrant-lipid-composition-after-oxidative-stress-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#20
Xiuzu Song, Marie Sophie Narzt, Ionela Mariana Nagelreiter, Philipp Hohensinner, Lucia Terlecki-Zaniewicz, Erwin Tschachler, Johannes Grillari, Florian Gruber
Autophagy allows cells fundamental adaptations to metabolic needs and to stress. Using autophagic bulk degradation cells can clear crosslinked macromolecules and damaged organelles that arise under redox stress. Accumulation of such debris results in cellular dysfunction and is observed in aged tissue and senescent cells. Conversely, promising anti-aging strategies aim at inhibiting the mTOR pathway and thereby activating autophagy, to counteract aging associated damage. We have inactivated autophagy related 7 (Atg7), an essential autophagy gene, in murine keratinocytes (KC) and have found in an earlier study that this resulted in increased baseline oxidative stress and reduced capacity to degrade crosslinked proteins after oxidative ultraviolet stress...
April 2017: Redox Biology
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