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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649087/acute-hemodynamic-and-tissue-effects-of-cryoballoon-ablation-on-pulmonary-vessels-the-ivus-cryo-study
#1
Jakub Baran, Paweł Lewandowski, Krzysztof Smarż, Agnieszka Sikorska, Beata Zaborska, Piotr Kułakowski
BACKGROUND: Cryoballoon-based pulmonary vein isolation (CB-PVI) has been widely used for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Although generally safe and effective, the procedure may be associated with pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis and bronchial or esophageal injury. The mechanisms leading to these complications have not been studied in detail. Our aim was to examine acute effects of cryoballoon on the pulmonary vessel and right heart pressures as well as PV wall morphology. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 8 patients (5 men, mean age 55±14 years) undergoing CB-PVI, pressure in each PV was measured by catheter located inside the PV directly before and after CB-PVI...
June 25, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648482/comparison-of-intravascular-ultrasound-and-centerline-computed-tomography-determined-aortic-diameters-during-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#2
Sukgu M Han, Ramsey S Elsayed, Sung W Ham, Anuj Mahajan, Fernando Fleischman, Vincent L Rowe, Mark J Cunningham, Fred A Weaver
BACKGROUND: Accurate sizing of stent grafts during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is critical for a successful outcome. Centerline measurements using three-dimensional reconstruction of preoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) is the current standard for stent graft sizing. However, this technique is predicated on an idealized straightened aorta and does not account for the variability in the aortic diameter during the cardiac cycle or the overall status of the patient's volume...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640875/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-with-or-without-intravascular-ultrasound-a-meta-analysis
#3
Yicong Ye, Ming Yang, Shuyang Zhang, Yong Zeng
This meta-analysis compared IVUS-guided with angiography-guided PCI to determine the effect of IVUS on the mortality in patients with LM CAD. Current guidelines recommend intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with left main coronary artery disease (LM CAD; Class IIa, level of evidence B). A systematic search of the MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was conducted to identify randomized or non-randomized studies comparing IVUS-guided PCI with angiography-guided PCI in LM CAD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639746/acute-changes-in-histopathology-and-intravascular-imaging-after-catheter-based-renal-denervation-in-a-porcine-model
#4
Atsushi Sakaoka, Akiyuki Takami, Yuji Onimura, Hitomi Hagiwara, Hisako Terao, Fumiaki Kumagai, Kiyoshi Matsumura
OBJECTIVES: We first aimed to identify the histopathological changes occurring immediately after renal denervation (RDN) with radiofrequency energy, and then to assess the feasibility of determining procedural success using currently available clinical intravascular imaging techniques. BACKGROUND: Catheter-based RDN has been used as an alternative therapy for hypertension. However, no practical endpoint to determine procedural success during treatment has been established...
June 22, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629625/what-exactly-regression-of-atherosclerosis-or-foreign-body-reaction-with-hyaline-arteriosclerosis-drives-transient-scaffolding-of-coronary-arteries-a-pooled-analysis-of-observational-absorb-studies-with-a-serial-multimodality-imaging-substudy-of-absorb-cohort
#5
Alexander N Kharlamov, John A Feinstein, John A Cramer, John A Boothroyd
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate the trends of the artery remodeling after transient scaffolding. BACKGROUND: At least 2.62% reduction of the per cent atheroma volume (PAV) or plaque burden (PB) performed in ABSORB B trial at 60months. METHODS: The detailed multiple serial imaging evaluation was performed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in comparison with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), multislice CT (MSCT) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) thru 24months in the ABSORB cohort B1 trial (n=45) with the pooled analysis in ABSORB A and B trials (n=131)...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624754/automatic-segmentation-of-the-lumen-region-in-intravascular-images-of-the-coronary-artery
#6
Danilo Samuel Jodas, Aledir Silveira Pereira, João Manuel R S Tavares
Image assessment of the arterial system plays an important role in the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. The segmentation of the lumen and media-adventitia in intravascular (IVUS) images of the coronary artery is the first step towards the evaluation of the morphology of the vessel under analysis and the identification of possible atherosclerotic lesions. In this study, a fully automatic method for the segmentation of the lumen in IVUS images of the coronary artery is presented. The proposed method relies on the K-means algorithm and the mean roundness to identify the region corresponding to the potential lumen...
June 10, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606023/over-expansion-of-drug-eluting-stents-in-patients-with-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-an-in%C3%A2-vivo-study
#7
Yicong Ye, Hao Qian, Ming Yang, Xueqing Zhu, Tianpeng Gan, Shuyang Zhang, Yong Zeng
Objective We aimed to determine the capacity of drug-eluting stent (DES) over-expansion in left main coronary artery disease. Methods Left main interventions with the largest available DES platforms (4.0 mm) and post-dilation performed with large non-compliant balloons (≥ 4.5 mm) were included. Maximal stent diameter (mm) and area (mm(2)) were measured using post-intervention intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Stent diameter and area were calculated with the balloon diameter and inflation pressure. The diameter and area expansion indices were defined as follows: maximal/calculated stent diameter and maximal/calculated stent area, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595700/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibition-early-after-heart-transplantation
#8
William F Fearon, Kozo Okada, Jon A Kobashigawa, Yuhei Kobayashi, Helen Luikart, Sean Sana, Tiffany Daun, Steven A Chmura, Seema Sinha, Garett Cohen, Yasuhiro Honda, Michael Pham, David B Lewis, Daniel Bernstein, Alan C Yeung, Hannah A Valantine, Kiran Khush
BACKGROUND: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) remains a leading cause of mortality after heart transplantation (HT). Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) may retard the development of CAV but have not been well studied after HT. OBJECTIVES: This study tested the safety and efficacy of the ACEI ramipril on the development of CAV early after HT. METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 96 HT recipients were randomized to undergo ramipril or placebo therapy...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584942/combined-ct-fluoroscopic-and-ivus-guidance-for-percutaneous-treatment-of-a-postsurgical-pseudoaneurysm-following-repair-of-ascending-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm
#9
Anastasia Hadjivassiliou, Joel Gagnon, Michael Janusz, Darren Klass
Thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysms are a recognized complication following aortic arch replacement. The established first line treatment is surgical repair; however, this may not be feasible in all patients. Percutaneous treatment of ascending thoracic pseudoaneurysms has been described as an alternative for nonsurgical candidates. Utilization of multimodality imaging can prove invaluable in minimizing the risk of potentially fatal intra-procedural complications. We present a case of successful embolization using computer tomography-guided direct percutaneous puncture of the pseudoaneurysm, with concomitant endovascular treatment under fluoroscopic and intravascular ultrasound guidance in a patient with challenging vascular anatomy...
June 5, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574042/-first-experience-with-intravascular-ultrasonographic-examination-in-diagnosis-of-post-traumatic-obstruction-of-deep-veins
#10
E V Shaĭdakov, O Ia Porembskaia, A G Grigorian, V L Bulatov, D A Rosukhovskiĭ
Intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) is a highly effective method of diagnosis of post-thrombotic obstructions. Its possibilities by determining the degree and extension of obstructions of deep veins are superior to those of not only non-invasive methods of examination (ultrasonography, CT and MRI) but of phlebography whose results until recently were considered fundamental in diagnosis of the disease concerned. Limited possibilities of phlebography often lead to diagnostic errors when determining the degree and extension of post-thrombotic obstructions...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567351/regression-of-coronary-atherosclerosis-with-infusions-of-the-high-density-lipoprotein-mimetic-cer-001-in-patients-with-more-extensive-plaque-burden
#11
Yu Kataoka, Jordan Andrews, MyNgan Duong, Tracy Nguyen, Nisha Schwarz, Jessica Fendler, Rishi Puri, Julie Butters, Constance Keyserling, John F Paolini, Jean-Louis Dasseux, Stephen J Nicholls
BACKGROUND: CER-001 is an engineered pre-beta high-density lipoprotein (HDL) mimetic, which rapidly mobilizes cholesterol. Infusion of CER-001 3 mg/kg exhibited a potentially favorable effect on plaque burden in the CHI-SQUARE (Can HDL Infusions Significantly Quicken Atherosclerosis Regression) study. Since baseline atheroma burden has been shown as a determinant for the efficacy of HDL infusions, the degree of baseline atheroma burden might influence the effect of CER-001. METHODS: CHI-SQUARE compared the effect of 6 weekly infusions of CER-001 (3, 6 and 12 mg/kg) vs...
June 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566597/intravascular-images-of-coronary-stenosis-with-multiple-channels-in-a-patient-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome-the-optical-coherence-tomography-findings
#12
Shigenori Ito, Takahiro Hasuo
Intravascular images of coronary stenosis by antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) would be beneficial to understand the mechanism of this disease. A 59-year-old woman with APS/systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) underwent emergent coronary angiography which revealed stenosis with micro channels in the proximal left anterior descending artery. According to optical coherence tomography (OCT), the central lumen was surrounded by a thick septum with a homogenous and high intensity. Multiple small channels existed near the vessel wall with diffuse intimal hyperplasia...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555389/plaque-characteristics-and-inflammatory-markers-for-the-prediction-of-major-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#13
Ae-Young Her, Kyoung Im Cho, Gillian Balbir Singh, Dae Seong An, Young-Hoon Jeong, Bon-Kwon Koo, Eun-Seok Shin
To investigate the clinical utility of culprit plaque characteristics and inflammatory markers for the prediction of future cardiovascular events in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with successful drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. We evaluated 172 STEMI patients with successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with DES using pre-PCI high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and pre-PCI intravascular ultrasound virtual histology (IVUS-VH) of culprit lesions...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539596/intravascular-ultrasound-guidance-improves-the-long-term-prognosis-in-patients-with-unprotected-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#14
Jian Tian, Changdong Guan, Wenyao Wang, Kuo Zhang, Jue Chen, Yongjian Wu, Hongbing Yan, Yanyan Zhao, Shubin Qiao, Yuejin Yang, Gary S Mintz, Bo Xu, Yida Tang
This study compared the long term outcomes in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease who underwent stenting under the guidance of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) or conventional angiography at a large single center. The primary outcome was the composite of all-cause death and myocardial infarction (MI) at 3 years. Target vessel revascularization (TVR) at 3 years was one of the secondary outcomes. Between January 2004 and December 2011, a total of 1,899 patients who underwent IVUS-guided (n = 713, 37...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539300/-clinical-outcomes-of-intravascular-ultrasound-in-guiding-the-treatment-of-non-left-main-intermediate-coronary-lesions-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#15
Hong-Bin Liang, Qian Guo, Xin-Lu Zhang, Xue-Wei Liu, Yong-Zhen Tang, Wei-Yu Chen, Yu-Qing Hou, Jian-Cheng Xiu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes of intravascular ultrasound(IVUS) in guiding the treatment of non-left main intermediate coronary lesions for patients of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: A total of 25 patients with intermediate coronary lesions(stenosis of 40%-70%) confirmed by coronary angiography were performed with IVUS. When MLA≥4 mm(2), we deferred the PCI treatment and performed optimal medical treatment (OMT). The patient were followed up for 12 month...
May 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538372/detection-of-very-delayed-coronary-stent-fracture-using-a-novel-fluoroscopic-stent-visualization-technique-against-intravascular-ultrasound-a-case-series
#16
Feifei Yang, Liwei Zhang, Dangsheng Huang, Dong Shen, Yongjiang Ma, Minjun Xiong, Chunhong Zhang, Miao Tian
RATIONALE: Stent fracture has received increased concern as it may be an important risk factor for late stent failure, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is always recommended to confirm the diagnosis of stent fracture. StentBoost can detect stent fractures more easily due to the enhanced stent strut visibility, compared with coronary angiography (CAG). Few cases were reported to compare the advantages of StentBoost vis-à-vis IVUS in detecting stent fracture. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported 3 cases that were confirmed the diagnosis of stent fracture by StentBoost, which were preliminarily suspected by angiography, including one case that lacked the IVUS evidence of stent fracture...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521919/intravascular-ultrasound-analysis-of-intraplaque-versus-subintimal-tracking-in-percutaneous-intervention-for-coronary-chronic-total-occlusions-and-association-with-procedural-outcomes
#17
Lei Song, Akiko Maehara, Matthew T Finn, Sanjog Kalra, Jeffrey W Moses, Manish A Parikh, Ajay J Kirtane, Michael B Collins, Tamim M Nazif, Khady N Fall, Raja Hatem, Ming Liao, Tiffany Kim, Philip Green, Ziad A Ali, Candido Batres, Martin B Leon, Gary S Mintz, Dimitri Karmpaliotis
OBJECTIVES: Using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), the authors compared outcomes by observed wire position (intraplaque vs. subintimal) achieved during successful chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion treatment. BACKGROUND: Recent successes in CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have used both intraluminal and subintimal wire tracking to improve procedural success. IVUS may be used to determine the course of wire tracking after crossing a CTO. METHODS: From March 2014 to March 2016, data were collected into a single-center database from 219 patients undergoing CTO PCI with concomitant IVUS imaging...
May 22, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515854/determinants-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-success-in-repeat-chronic-total-occlusion-procedures-following-an-initial-failed-attempt
#18
Cecilia Cuevas, Nicola Ryan, Alicia Quirós, Juan Gustavo Del Angel, Nieves Gonzalo, Pablo Salinas, Pilar Jiménez-Quevedo, Luis Nombela-Franco, Ivan Nuñez-Gil, Antonio Fernandez-Ortiz, Carlos Macaya, Javier Escaned
AIM: To investigate the rates and determinants of success of repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following an initial failed attempt at recanalising the chronic total occlusions (CTO) percutaneously. METHODS: In 445 consecutive first attempt CTO-PCI procedures in our institution, procedural failure occurred in 149 (33.5%). Sixty-four re-PCI procedures were performed in 58 patients (39%) all had a single CTO. Procedural and outcome data in the re-PCI population was entered into the institutional database...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515407/comparison-of-the-outback-%C3%A2-elite-reentry-catheter-and-the-bi-directional-approach-after-failed-antegrade-approach-for-femoro-popliteal-occlusive-disease
#19
Daizo Kawasaki, Masashi Fukunaga, Tsuyoshi Nakata, Masaaki Kato, Nobukazu Ohkubo
AIM: A successful antegrade wire crossing for femoro-popliteal chronic total occlusion (FP-CTO) is still a technical challenge. We attempted to demonstrate the safety and feasibility of the OUTBACK(®) Elite reentry catheter and the bi-directional approach for failed FP-CTO cases with the antegrade approach. METHODS: Endovascular therapy for FP-CTO was performed in 219 lesions from May 2013 to December 2016 at Morinomiya Hospital. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 43 consecutive lesions which underwent endovascular therapy using the bi-directional approach with distal access and the mono-directional approach with the OUTBACK(®) Elite reentry catheter for FP-CTO lesions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515369/effect-of-reverse-vessel-remodeling-on-regression-of-coronary-atherosclerosis-in-patients-treated-with-aggressive-lipid-and-blood-pressure-lowering-therapy%C3%A3-insight-from-million-study
#20
Tadatsugu Gamou, Kenji Sakata, Hayato Tada, Tetsuo Konno, Kenshi Hayashi, Hidekazu Ino, Masakazu Yamagishi, Masa-Aki Kawashiri
BACKGROUND: The MILLION study, a prospective randomized multicenter study, revealed that lipid and blood pressure (BP)-lowering therapy resulted in regression of coronary plaque as determined by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). In the present study we performed additional analysis to investigate the associated factors with regression of coronary plaque.Methods and Results:We investigated serial 3D IVUS images from 68 patients in the MILLION study. Standard IVUS parameters were assessed at both baseline and follow-up (18-24 months)...
May 17, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
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