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Self-affirmation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206787/self-affirmation-increases-defensiveness-toward-health-risk-information-among-those-experiencing-negative-emotions-results-from-two-national-samples
#1
Rebecca A Ferrer, William M P Klein, Kaitlin A Graff
OBJECTIVE: Self-affirmation can promote health behavior change and yield long-term improvements in health via its effect on receptiveness to risk information in behavior change interventions. Across 2 studies, we examined whether the emotional state of the person presented with health risk information moderates self-affirmation effectiveness. METHOD: Data were collected from 2 U.S. national samples (n = 652, n = 448) via GfK, an Internet-based survey company. Female alcohol consumers completed an emotion induction (fear, anger, or neutral)...
February 16, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165258/can-reflecting-on-personal-values-online-increase-positive-beliefs-about-counseling
#2
Daniel G Lannin, David L Vogel, Patrick J Heath
This research developed and tested an online values-affirmation exercise to attenuate threat and enhance positive beliefs about counseling among individuals struggling with mental health concerns. There is evidence that reflecting on personal values (values-affirmation) is an effective approach to eliciting self-affirmation-a psychological process that temporarily bolsters self-worth in order to forestall maladaptive, self-protective responses to counseling information. The present study utilized a randomized 2-group between-subjects design to test the effectiveness of a values-affirmation exercise with an online sample (N = 186) of adults who reported struggling with a mental health concern...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107336/symptom-management-the-effects-of-self-affirmation-on-chemotherapy-related-symptoms
#3
Meltem Yildirim, Hatice Gulsoy, Makbule Batmaz, Cansu Ozgat, Gulser Yesilbursali, Reyhan Aydin, Sedanur Ekiz
BACKGROUND: Positive effects of auditory stimulations are common in symptom management. However, the effect of self-affirmations on symptom management is not well known. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of self-affirmations and nature sounds on chemotherapy-related symptoms. METHODS: This randomized, controlled experimental study was conducted with 140 patients receiving chemotherapy. The first experimental group listened to affirmations, the second listened to nature sounds, and the third listened to both...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076550/suicide-in-university-students-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-2004-2014
#4
Saúl Alonso Franco, Martha Lucia Gutiérrez, Julián Sarmiento, Decsy Cuspoca, Javier Tatis, Alejandro Castillejo, Miguel Barrios, Magnolia Del Pilar Ballesteros-Cabrera, Sara Zamora, Carlos Iván Rodríguez
We report the results of a retrospective, descriptive, qualitative study of suicide among university students in Bogotá, Colombia. The objective of this study was to document the magnitude, principal characteristics, and impact of this phenomenon in the selected population. A semi-structured survey was employed to collect information from 66 individuals linked to the universities. A total of 45 cases of suicide were documented in the study period (2004 - 2014). Of these, 69% occurred in males and 31% in females...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033199/self-transcendent-values-and-neural-responses-to-threatening-health-messages
#5
Yoona Kang, Matthew Brook O'Donnell, Victor J Strecher, Shelley E Taylor, Matthew D Lieberman, Emily B Falk
OBJECTIVE: Prioritizing self-transcendent values such as family and friends, over non-transcendent values such as wealth and privilege, is associated with lower stress response. In this study, we tested whether having self-transcendent values can reduce specific responses in the brain in the context of potentially threatening health communications. METHODS: Sedentary adults (n=67) who would likely feel threatened by health messages that highlight the risk of sedentary behavior were recruited...
December 28, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976934/when-virtual-muscularity-enhances-physical-endurance-masculinity-threat-and-compensatory-avatar-customization-among-young-male-adults
#6
Roselyn J Lee-Won, Wai Yen Tang, Mackenzie R Kibbe
Masculinity-threatened men attempt to resolve the negative states caused by the threat through compensatory behavior such as public display of muscularity, which constitutes one way in which men physically establish masculinity. Avatars serve as a key means for self-presentation in technology-mediated environments, and compensatory motives can drive avatar customization. Noting this, the present research examined whether masculinity-threatened young men engage in compensatory avatar customization and whether such customization can be self-affirming...
January 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920742/be-strong-enough-to-say-no-self-affirmation-increases-rejection-to-unfair-offers
#7
Ruolei Gu, Jing Yang, Yuanyuan Shi, Yi Luo, Yu L L Luo, Huajian Cai
We propose that self-affirmation may endow people more psychological resources to buffer against the negative influence of rejecting unfair offers in the classic ultimatum game (UG) and further lead to a stronger tendency to reject those offers. We tested this possibility by conducting an event-related potential (ERP) study about the UG, with the ERP component P3 as an indirect indicator of psychological resources. Participants were randomly assigned to the affirmation or control condition and then completed the UG through electrophysiological recording...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918859/the-mediating-role-of-temporal-considerations-on-the-effects-of-self-affirmation-on-responses-to-organ-donation-messages
#8
Xiao Wang, Xiaoquan Zhao
Previous self-affirmation research has shown that individuals who are allowed to reflect on their values and self-worth are less likely to exhibit message derogation and are more likely to accept risk information and change their behaviors compared to those who are not. However, the underlying mechanisms for the effect are unclear. Based on a randomized experiment (N = 331), we examined the mediating role of temporal considerations in participants' health-related cognitions and emotional responses. We found that self-affirmed participants (vs...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869575/self-affirmation-theory-and-performance-feedback-when-scoring-high-makes-you-feel-low
#9
John A Velez, Michael D Hanus
Video games have a wide variety of benefits for players. The current study examines how video games can also increase players' willingness to internalize important but threatening self-information. Research suggests that negative information regarding a valued self-image evokes defensive strategies aimed at dismissing or discrediting the source of information. Self-Affirmation Theory proposes that affirming or bolstering an important self-image unrelated to the previous threat can be an effective strategy for reducing defensiveness...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867318/the-power-of-affirming-group-values-group-affirmation-buffers-the-self-esteem-of-women-exposed-to-blatant-sexism
#10
Julie Spencer-Rodgers, Brenda Major, Daniel Forster, Kaiping Peng
Extending the group affirmation literature to the domain of prejudice, this study investigated whether group affirmation buffers the self-esteem of women exposed to blatant sexism. In accordance with Self-Affirmation Theory (Steele, 1988) and group affirmation research (Sherman et al., 2007), we hypothesized that when one aspect of the collective self is threatened (gender identity), self-esteem can be maintained via the affirmation of an alternative aspect of the collective self. In a 2×2 between-participants design, female students were randomly assigned to read about discrimination directed toward women or a non-self-relevant disadvantaged group (the Inuit)...
2016: Self and Identity: the Journal of the International Society for Self and Identity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736420/you-should-know-better-can-self-affirmation-facilitate-information-seeking-behavior-and-interpersonal-discussion
#11
Stefanie Z Demetriades, Nathan Walter
This study explores whether self-affirmation has the capacity not merely to reduce the perceived threat associated with health-related information but also to facilitate interpersonal discussion and affect health information-seeking behavior. The context for the study is the ongoing California drought, which serves as suitable context to examine the intersection of self-affirmation and information-seeking behavior because it involves a threatening message (the destructive consequences of the drought) and highlights discrepancies between actual (water waste) and prosocial (water conservation) behavior...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711929/life-experiences-of-caring-for-pets-among-taiwanese-community-dwelling-older-adults-pets-as-an-integral-part-of-the-family-and-beyond
#12
Chia-Ling Yang, Chun-Ming Lee, Lee-Ing Tsao
The purpose of the current study was to use grounded theory to explore the experiences of caring for pets from the perspective of Taiwanese community-dwelling older adults. Twelve participants ages 65 to 73 were interviewed. Data were analyzed using the constant comparative method of qualitative analysis. Pets as an integral part of the family unit and beyond was the core category. The pet becomes part of my family was identified as the antecedent condition; this process undertakes action and interaction among the categories of the pet is part of my daily life, the pet provides positive life energy, and the pet is a sweet companion...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665505/is-fat-talk-more-believable-than-self-affirming-body-talk
#13
Alexandra F Corning, Michaela M Bucchianeri
Two experiments tested the extent to which the believability of women's body statements (fat talk or self-affirming) depends on their body type (thin or overweight). Experiment 1 (N=130) revealed fat talk was more believable than self-affirming talk regardless of body type. Experiment 2's (N=125) results showed, as hypothesized, that overweight women's fat talk was significantly more believable than fat talk by thin women and self-affirming talk by either thin or overweight women. Consistent with Experiment 1, there was a trend in Experiment 2 toward thin women's fat talk being more believable than their self-affirming talk...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649102/aging-experiences-of-older-immigrant-women-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada-from-deskilling-to-liberation
#14
Michèle Charpentier, Anne Quéniart
This article examines experiences of aging of older immigrant women. The data are based on qualitative research that was conducted in Québec/Canada with 83 elderly women from different ethnocultural backgrounds (Arab, African, Haitian, Japanese, Chinese, Portuguese, Romanian, etc.). The results on how such immigrant women deal with material conditions of existence such as deskilling, aging alone, being more economically independent, and the combined effects of liberation from social and family norms associated with age and gender in the light of the migration route, will be presented...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613906/using-self-affirmation-to-increase-the-effects-of-emotive-health-warnings-on-smoking-a-randomized-exploratory-trial
#15
Kate E Memish, Natalie Schüz, Mai Frandsen, Stuart G Ferguson, Benjamin Schüz
INTRODUCTION: Emotive health messages are widely used tools in tobacco control. However, under some circumstances, they can be less effective than desired by eliciting defensive responses in smokers. AIMS: This study tests whether enhancing a currently used emotive graphic smoking health warning with a self-affirmation component reduces cigarette consumption and whether potential effects are stronger in heavier smokers, as suggested by previous research. METHODS: Participants (n = 265) were randomly allocated to a self-affirmation (reflecting on personal values and positive traits using a questionnaire) or matched control condition before viewing an emotive graphic health message from a current Australian government public health campaign...
July 5, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613219/involved-united-and-efficacious-could-self-affirmation-be-the-solution-to-california-s-drought
#16
Nathan Walter, Stefanie Z Demetriades, Sheila T Murphy
Self-affirmation theory posits that thoughts and actions that affirm an important aspect of the self-concept can make people more susceptible to change by casting their self in a positive light. Whereas much of the current literature has been restricted to individual-level concerns, the current study provides longitudinal evidence for behavioral outcomes in the context of the California drought, advancing our theoretical knowledge regarding the underlying processes that lead self-affirmed individuals to address societal risks and collective concerns...
September 9, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512918/examining-the-role-of-self-discrepancy-and-self-directed-style-in-bulimia-nervosa
#17
Tyler B Mason, Carolyn M Pearson, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Ann L Erickson, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Tracey L Smith, Marjorie H Klein, Carol B Peterson
Two of the primary components within Integrative Cognitive Affective Therapy (ICAT) are self-discrepancy and self-directed style. Self-discrepancy includes both actual:ideal (discrepancy between oneself and who one wishes they were) and actual:ought (discrepancy between oneself and who one believes they ought to be). Self-directed style in ICAT refers to a variety of behaviors emitted by a person toward the self including self-blaming and self-affirming. This study explored main effects and interactions between self-discrepancy and self-directed style in relation to global eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, depressive symptoms, and anxiety...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505212/attentional-effects-of-self-affirmation-in-response-to-graphic-antismoking-images
#18
Loes T E Kessels, Peter R Harris, Robert A C Ruiter, William M P Klein
OBJECTIVE: Self-affirmation has been shown to reduce defensive responding to threatening information. However, little is known about the cognitive and attentional processes underlying these effects. In the current eye-movement study, the authors explored whether self-affirmation affects attention allocation (i.e., number of fixations) among those for whom a threatening health message is self-relevant. METHODS: After a self-affirmation manipulation, 47 smokers and 52 nonsmokers viewed a series of cigarette packs displaying high or low threat smoking-related images accompanied by a brief smoking message containing risk, coping or neutral textual information...
August 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504659/facilitating-women-s-success-in-business-interrupting-the-process-of-stereotype-threat-through-affirmation-of-personal-values
#19
Zoe Kinias, Jessica Sim
Two field experiments examined if and how values affirmations can ameliorate stereotype threat-induced gender performance gaps in an international competitive business environment. Based on self-affirmation theory (Steele, 1988), we predicted that writing about personal values unrelated to the perceived threat would attenuate the gender performance gap. Study 1 found that an online assignment to write about one's personal values (but not a similar writing assignment including organizational values) closed the gender gap in course grades by 89...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338152/morality-or-competence-the-importance-of-affirming-the-appropriate-dimension-of-self-integrity
#20
Donna C Jessop, Paul Sparks, Laura Jessop, Lauren Dodds, Sarah Lynch
OBJECTIVES: Two studies explored the relative efficacy of a morality-based versus a competence-based self-affirmation manipulation at increasing acceptance of personally relevant health risk information. In accordance with prior theorizing (e.g., Cohen & Sherman, 2014), it was hypothesized that the morality affirmation would be more effective than the competence affirmation in such contexts, as the former targets a different domain to that threatened by the health risk information. DESIGN: Both studies employed a cross-sectional experimental design...
November 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
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