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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134841/the-googled-and-googling-analyst
#1
Nathan Kravis
Kierkegaard's concept of leveling is applied to the dynamics of envy, particularly as they come into play among psychoanalysts doing clinical analytic work. This is illustrated in two clinical vignettes. The technocultural surround of the digital age impinges on analytic identity in ways that can evoke fantasied retreats into sameness and erasure of distinction. The "digital reality principle" is introduced as a way of conceptualizing an aspect of the hatred of thinking and certain envious responses to distinction...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112719/a-lesion-model-of-envy-and-schadenfreude-legal-deservingness-and-moral-dimensions-as-revealed-by-neurodegeneration
#2
Hernando Santamaría-García, Sandra Baez, Pablo Reyes, José A Santamaría-García, José M Santacruz-Escudero, Diana Matallana, Analía Arévalo, Mariano Sigman, Adolfo M García, Agustín Ibáñez
The study of moral emotions (i.e. Schadenfreude and envy) is critical to understand the ecological complexity of everyday interactions between cognitive, affective, and social cognition processes. Most previous studies in this area have used correlational imaging techniques and framed Schadenfreude and envy as unified and monolithic emotional domains. Here, we profit from a relevant neurodegeneration model to disentangle the brain regions engaged in three dimensions of Schadenfreude and envy: deservingness, morality, and legality...
November 2, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970815/the-evolutionary-psychology-of-envy-and-jealousy
#3
Vilayanur S Ramachandran, Baland Jalal
The old dogma has always been that the most complex aspects of human emotions are driven by culture; Germans and English are thought to be straight-laced whereas Italians and Indians are effusive. Yet in the last two decades there has been a growing realization that even though culture plays a major role in the final expression of human nature, there must be a basic scaffolding specified by genes. While this is recognized to be true for simple emotions like anger, fear, and joy, the relevance of evolutionary arguments for more complex nuances of emotion have been inadequately explored...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926062/selectivity-of-solid-phase-extraction-for-dissolved-organic-matter-in-the-hypersaline%C3%A2-da-qaidam-lake-china
#4
Keli Yang, Yaoling Zhang, Yaping Dong, Wu Li
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) was isolated from the hypersaline Da Qaidam Lake using solid-phase extraction (SPE) methods with five different adsorbents: ENVI-Carb (non-porous graphitized carbon), HLB, PPL, and XAD-8 (polymer based), and ENVI-18 (silica based). Structure-selective assessments of SPE-DOM isolated using the different adsorbents were conducted using a combination of complementary analysis techniques, including dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) analysis, as well as elemental analysis, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS)...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911823/towards-antibody-drug-conjugates-and-prodrug-strategies-with-extracellular-stimuli-responsive-drug-delivery-in-the-tumor-microenvironment-for-cancer-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Nicolas Joubert, Caroline Denevault-Sabourin, Francesca Bryden, Marie-Claude Viaud-Massuard
The design of innovative anticancer chemotherapies with superior antitumor efficacy and reduced toxicity continues to be a challenging endeavor. Recently, the success of Adcetris(®) and Kadcyla(®) made antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) serious contenders to reach the envied status of Paul Ehrlich's "magic bullet". However, ADCs classically target overexpressed and internalizing antigens at the surface of cancer cells, and in solid tumors are associated with poor tumor penetration, insufficient targeting in heterogeneous tumors, and appearance of several resistance mechanisms...
August 23, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765320/corticostriatal-signatures-of-schadenfreude-evidence-from-huntington-s-disease
#6
Sandra Baez, Mariana Pino, Mildred Berrío, Hernando Santamaría-García, Lucas Sedeño, Adolfo M García, Sol Fittipaldi, Agustín Ibáñez
Schadenfreude-pleasure at others' misfortunes-is a multidetermined social emotion which involves reward processing, mentalising and perspective-taking abilities. Patients with Huntington's disease (HD) exhibit reductions of this experience, suggesting a role of striatal degeneration in such impairment. However, no study has directly assessed the relationship between regional brain atrophy in HD and reduced schadenfreude. Here, we assessed whether grey matter (GM) atrophy in patients with HD correlates with ratings of schadenfreude...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748219/envy-s-pathology-historical-contexts
#7
Lina Minou
This article is concerned with the physicality of envy primarily in early -modern, but also in eighteenth-century health contexts. The discussion brings together descriptions of the effects of envy on the body of the envier, mainly from works of physiology and health preservation, but also from literary and spiritual writings. These depictions of envy are studied beyond their symbolism and with a view to establish whether they are meaningful according to the medical theories of the time in which they occur...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720218/pesticide-analysis-in-coffee-leaves-using-a-quick-easy-cheap-effective-rugged-and-safe-approach-and-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-optimization-of-the-clean-up-step
#8
Maria Teresa Salles Trevisan, Robert Wyn Owen, Pau Calatayud-Vernich, Andrea Breuer, Yolanda Picó
An analytical method using a quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe (QuEChERS) procedure for multi-residue determination of 52 pesticides in coffee leaf extractshas been developed and validated according to SANTE/11945/2015 guidelines. Different sorbent combinations for dispersive solid phase extraction (d-SPE) clean-up as well as dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) were tested. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) for the recovery of 87-94% of pesticides added to coffee leaf extracts,was ≤20% for samples spiked at concentrations up to 50ng*g(-1) depending on the clean-up procedures...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716928/support-for-redistribution-is-shaped-by-compassion-envy-and-self-interest-but-not-a-taste-for-fairness
#9
Daniel Sznycer, Maria Florencia Lopez Seal, Aaron Sell, Julian Lim, Roni Porat, Shaul Shalvi, Eran Halperin, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby
Why do people support economic redistribution? Hypotheses include inequity aversion, a moral sense that inequality is intrinsically unfair, and cultural explanations such as exposure to and assimilation of culturally transmitted ideologies. However, humans have been interacting with worse-off and better-off individuals over evolutionary time, and our motivational systems may have been naturally selected to navigate the opportunities and challenges posed by such recurrent interactions. We hypothesize that modern redistribution is perceived as an ancestral scene involving three notional players: the needy other, the better-off other, and the actor herself...
August 1, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613131/ego-boundary-deficits-and-the-negative-therapeutic-inter-action-a-tale-of-a-whale-a-whale-of-a-tale
#10
Charles A Peterson
Defined variously and unsatisfactorily as a worsening of the patient's condition following a correct interpretation, the negative therapeutic reaction is typically blamed on the patient: "the operation was a success but the patient died." For most neurotic patients unconscious guilt objects to progress and activates the need to suffer. For most character-disturbed patients envy cannot bear the analyst's cleverness. However, patients with ego boundary problems-even sectors of psychosis-may require a different explanatory mechanism, where a correct interpretation may be experienced as a penetration and an engulfment, threatening the intactness of the self...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612254/effect-of-urban-design-on-microclimate-and-thermal-comfort-outdoors-in-warm-humid-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#11
Moohammed Wasim Yahia, Erik Johansson, Sofia Thorsson, Fredrik Lindberg, Maria Isabel Rasmussen
Due to the complexity of built environment, urban design patterns considerably affect the microclimate and outdoor thermal comfort in a given urban morphology. Variables such as building heights and orientations, spaces between buildings, plot coverage alter solar access, wind speed and direction at street level. To improve microclimate and comfort conditions urban design elements including vegetation and shading devices can be used. In warm-humid Dar es Salaam, the climate consideration in urban design has received little attention although the urban planning authorities try to develop the quality of planning and design...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587299/remote-sensing-image-change-detection-based-on-nsct-hmt-model-and-its-application
#12
Pengyun Chen, Yichen Zhang, Zhenhong Jia, Jie Yang, Nikola Kasabov
Traditional image change detection based on a non-subsampled contourlet transform always ignores the neighborhood information's relationship to the non-subsampled contourlet coefficients, and the detection results are susceptible to noise interference. To address these disadvantages, we propose a denoising method based on the non-subsampled contourlet transform domain that uses the Hidden Markov Tree model (NSCT-HMT) for change detection of remote sensing images. First, the ENVI software is used to calibrate the original remote sensing images...
June 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548205/reflections-on-klein-s-radical-notion-of-phantasy-and-its-implications-for-analytic-practice
#13
Rachel B Blass
Analysts may incorporate many of Melanie Klein's important contributions (e.g., on preoedipal dynamics, envy, and projective identification) without transforming their basic analytic approach. In this paper I argue that adopting the Kleinian notion of unconscious phantasy is transformative. While it is grounded in Freud's thinking and draws out something essential to his work, this notion of phantasy introduces a radical change that defines Kleinian thinking and practice and significantly impacts the analyst's basic clinical approach...
June 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539538/exhausting-physicians-employed-in-hospitals-in-japan-assessed-by-a-health-questionnaire
#14
Shosuke Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Japanese physicians employed and working in general hospitals have become busier since 2005, as they had to teach and guide the increased number of medical residents graduated from medical schools. Working hours and chronic fatigue of employed physicians were surveyed compared with independent physicians working in their own out-patient clinics and with usual employed men in Japan, and their mental health was assessed. METHODS: (1) 75 employed physicians in hospitals were surveyed of their working hours a week and compared with (2) 48 independent general practitioners (GP) who work in their own out-patient clinics...
August 18, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510489/urban-heat-island-uhi-influence-on-secondary-pollutant-formation-in-a-tropical-humid-environment
#15
Gsnvksn Swamy, S M Shiva Nagendra, Uwe Schlink
The combined action of urbanization (change in land use) and increase in vehicular emissions intensifies the urban heat island (UHI) effect in many cities in the developed countries. The urban warming (UHI) enhances heat-stress-related diseases and ozone (O3) levels due to a photochemical reaction. Even though UHI intensity depends on wind speed, wind direction, and solar flux, the thermodynamic properties of surface materials can accelerate the temperature profiles at the local scale. This mechanism modifies the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) structure and mixing height in urban regions...
October 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407941/screening-and-identification-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-microwave-popcorn-bags
#16
Itsaso Zabaleta, Noelia Negreira, Ekhine Bizkarguenaga, Ailette Prieto, Adrian Covaci, Olatz Zuloaga
Liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-QToF-MS) was used for the accurate identification (<10ppm) of different polyfluoroalkylphosphates (PAPs) and their intermediate and end degradation products in popcorn bags. Up to 46 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and precursors were identified. Moreover, an accurate method based on focused ultrasonic solid-liquid extraction (FUSLE) and a clean-up step with Envi-Carb sorbent was validated and applied to the quantification of 24 PFASs in popcorn bags from over twelve European countries, three American countries and two Asian countries...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264159/streamlined-synthesis-and-assembly-of-a-hybrid-sensing-architecture-with-solid-binding-proteins-and-click-chemistry
#17
Brian J F Swift, Jared A Shadish, Cole A DeForest, François Baneyx
Combining bioorthogonal chemistry with the use of proteins engineered with adhesive and morphogenetic solid-binding peptides is a promising route for synthesizing hybrid materials with the economy and efficiency of living systems. Using optical sensing of chloramphenicol as a proof of concept, we show here that a GFP variant engineered with zinc sulfide and silica-binding peptides on opposite sides of its β-barrel supports the fabrication of protein-capped ZnS:Mn nanocrystals that exhibit the combined emission signatures of organic and inorganic fluorophores...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237518/development-and-validation-of-an-extraction-method-for-the-analysis-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-human-hair
#18
Da-Hye Kim, Jeong-Eun Oh
Human hair has many advantages as a non-invasive sample; however, analytical methods for detecting perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in human hair are still in the development stage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop and validate a method for monitoring 11 PFASs in human hair. Solid-phase extraction (SPE), ion-pairing extraction (IPE), a combined method (SPE+IPE) and solvent extraction with ENVI-carb clean-up were compared to develop an optimal extraction method using two types of hair sample (powder and piece forms)...
May 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197732/effects-of-street-canyon-design-on-pedestrian-thermal-comfort-in-the-hot-humid-area-of-china
#19
Yufeng Zhang, Xiaohan Du, Yurong Shi
The design characteristics of street canyons were investigated in Guangzhou in the hot-humid area of China, and the effects of the design factors and their interactions on pedestrian thermal comfort were studied by numerical simulations. The ENVI-met V4.0 (BASIC) model was validated by field observations and used to simulate the micrometeorological conditions and the standard effective temperature (SET) at pedestrian level of the street canyons for a typical summer day of Guangzhou. The results show that the micrometeorological parameters of mean radiant temperature (MRT) and wind speed play key roles in pedestrian thermal comfort...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176785/examining-brain-structures-associated-with-dispositional-envy-and-the-mediation-role-of-emotional-intelligence
#20
Yanhui Xiang, Sasa Zhao, Hanlin Wang, Qihan Wu, Feng Kong, Lei Mo
Dispositional envy is distinguished by definition and neurally from episodic envy. While the neural correlates of episodic envy have been evaluated by specific tasks in previous studies, little is known about the structural neural basis of dispositional envy. In this study, we investigated the structural neural basis of dispositional envy underlying individual differences across two independent samples comprising a total of 100 young healthy adults. Firstly, 73 subjects' data (sample 1) was analyzed, and we assessed the association between regional gray matter volume (rGMV) and dispositional envy using voxel-based morphometry (VBM)...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
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