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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906206/experimental-demonstration-of-phase-sensitive-regeneration-of-a-binary-phase-shift-keying-channel-without-a-phase-locked-loop-using-brillouin-amplification
#1
Ahmed Almaiman, Yinwen Cao, Morteza Ziyadi, Amirhossein Mohajerin-Ariaei, Peicheng Liao, Changjing Bao, Fatemeh Alishahi, Ahmad Fallahpour, Bishara Shamee, Nisar Ahmed, Asher J Willner, Youichi Akasaka, Tadashi Ikeuchi, Shigehiro Takasaka, Ryuichi Sugizaki, Steven Wilkinson, Joseph D Touch, Moshe Tur, Alan E Willner
All-optical phase regeneration of a binary phase-shift keying signal is demonstrated at 10-30 Gb/s without a phase-locked loop in a phase-sensitive amplification-based system using Brillouin amplification of the idler. The system achieves phase noise reduction of up to 56% and up to 11 dB OSNR gain at 10<sup>-5</sup> bit error rate for the 10 Gb/s signal. The system's sensitivity to different parameters and stability is also evaluated.
December 1, 2016: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904976/hiv-related-shame-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-hiv-positive-adults
#2
Wilson Vincent, Xindi Fang, Sarah K Calabrese, Timothy G Heckman, Kathleen J Sikkema, Nathan B Hansen
This study investigated how HIV-related shame is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older people living with HIV (PLHIV). Structural equation modeling tested whether HIV-related shame was associated with three dimensions of HRQoL (physical, emotional, and social well-being) and whether there were significant indirect associations of HIV-related shame with the three HRQoL dimensions via depression and loneliness in a sample of 299 PLHIV ≥50 years old. Results showed that depression and loneliness were key mechanisms, with depression at least partially accounting for the association between HIV-related shame and both emotional and physical well-being, respectively, and loneliness accounting for the association between HIV-related shame and social well-being...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899410/-repeat-abortion-a-phrase-to-be-avoided-qualitative-insights-into-labelling-and-stigma
#3
Lesley Hoggart, Victoria Louise Newton, Louise Bury
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been growing international interest in identifying risk factors associated with 'repeat abortion', and developing public health initiatives that might reduce the rate. This article draws on a research study looking at young women's abortion experience in England and Wales. The study was commissioned with a specific focus on women who had undergone more than one abortion. We examine what may influence women's post-abortion reproductive behaviour, in addition to exploring abortion-related stigma, in the light of participants' own narratives...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#4
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898709/individual-differences-in-emotion-regulation-childhood-trauma-and-proneness-to-shame-and-guilt-in-adolescence
#5
Aurora Szentágotai-Tătar, Andrei C Miu
Dispositional shame and guilt have been associated with psychopathology and an increasing number of studies have traced this relation back to adolescence. This developmental period is thought to be characterized by maturational changes in emotion regulation, which also play an important role in vulnerability to psychopathology, but little is known about the links between emotion regulation and dispositional shame and guilt. The current study investigated the relations between individual differences in the habitual use of a wide range of emotion regulation strategies and proneness to shame and guilt in a large sample of adolescents (N = 706), aged 13 to 17 years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898289/adherence-to-medication-regimen-in-patients-with-severe-and-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#6
Kourosh Zarea, Malek Fereidooni-Moghadam, Ashrafalsadat Hakim
Nonadherence to treatment is common in patients with chronic psychiatric disorders. Few studies have been conducted in Iran on lack of adherence to medication regimen in patients with severe psychiatric disorders. The present study was carried out with the purpose of gaining insight into the experiences of patients, their family members, and nurses on the medication adherence in patients with severe and chronic psychiatric disorders in selected hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran. A qualitative content analysis study was used in the study and the participants included 7 nurses, 5 patients, and 4 family members...
November 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897758/readers-panel-should-trusts-be-shamed-for-high-spending-on-agency-staff
#7
(no author information available yet)
Our experts consider a hot topic of the day.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896940/empowering-women-to-breastfeed-does-the-baby-friendly-initiative-make-a-difference
#8
Danielle Groleau, Katherine W Pizarro, Luisa Molino, Katherine Gray-Donald, Sonia Semenic
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFI) is currently presented worldwide as the gold standard model of care for promoting and supporting breastfeeding. However, there is a lack of understanding about the ways in which health services, including the BFI, address the cultural change from a disembodied practice (formula feeding) to an embodied one (breastfeeding) in contexts where formula feeding is the norm. We used a qualitative case study methodology to compare the embodied experience of breastfeeding and the maternal experience of breastfeeding promotion and support services between mothers receiving care from institutions with low and high levels of BFI implementation in Québec, Canada...
November 29, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895612/forgiveness-from-emotion-fit-emotional-frame-consumer-emotion-and-feeling-right-in-consumer-decision-to-forgive
#9
Yaxuan Ran, Haiying Wei, Qing Li
Three studies examine an emotion fit effect in the crisis communication, namely, the interaction between emotional frames of guilt and shame and consumer emotions of anger and fear on consumer forgiveness. Guilt-framing communication results in higher forgiveness than shame-framing for angry consumers, whereas shame-framing communication results in higher forgiveness than guilt-framing for fearful consumers. These effects are driven by consumers' accessible regulatory foci associated with anger/fear and guilt/shame...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894303/integrated-agriculture-programs-to-address-malnutrition-in-northern-malawi
#10
Rachel Bezner Kerr, Emmanuel Chilanga, Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong, Isaac Luginaah, Esther Lupafya
BACKGROUND: In countries where the majority of undernourished people are smallholder farmers, there has been interest in agricultural interventions to improve nutritional outcomes. Addressing gender inequality, however, is a key mechanism by which agriculture can improve nutrition, since women often play a crucial role in farming, food processing and child care, but have limited decision-making and control over agricultural resources. This study examines the approaches by which gender equity in agrarian, resource-poor settings can be improved using a case study in Malawi...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893345/quo-vadis-the-future-of-psychoanalysis
#11
Mauricio Cortina
Although contemporary psychoanalysis is split into different schools and traditions, there is growing support for some of the main tenets of contemporary psychodynamic thinking from attachment theory, infant research, developmental psychopathology, new models of motivation, the neuroscience of emotions and emotional regulation, and the discovery of different implicit and explicit memory systems. These tenets, which psychodynamic clinicians of all stripes encounter in their daily work with clients, are the following: (1) that large footprints are left over from infancy and childhood which involved insensitive, intrusive, frightening, or shaming care; (2) the carryover of these relational experiences into adulthood are expressed as unconscious expectations and attributions we make of others (transference and countertransference; (3) defensive processes and emotional regulation and deregulatory patterns develop to cope with these unhealthy relations...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889257/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-shame-and-stigma-scale-sss-into-portuguese-brazil-to-evaluate-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#12
William Eduardo Pirola, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Eliane Marçon Barroso, David W Kissane, Claudia Valéria Maseti Pimenta Serrano, Carlos Eduardo Paiva
INTRODUCTION: Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) is the sixth leading cause of death from cancer worldwide and its treatment may involve surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. The surgical procedure may cause mutilating sequelae, that can alter patient self-image. Thus, HNC is often connected to the negative stigma with decreased quality of life. Few studies assess the social stigma and shame perceived by patients with HNC. OBJECTIVE: To perform the translation and cultural adaptation of the Shame and Stigma Scale (SSS) into Portuguese (Brazil)...
November 9, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888700/negative-mood-and-interference-control-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#13
Kenneth J D Allen, Jill M Hooley
People who engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) often report high levels of impulsivity. However, results from behavioral tasks measuring impulsivity have been mixed: those with a history of NSSI generally perform comparably to healthy controls. Recent research suggests, however, that people who self-injure have specific deficits in response inhibition to negative emotional stimuli. Here, we extend this work by testing whether negative mood impairs interference control in NSSI. 33 participants reporting a history of NSSI (approximately half in the past year) and 31 age- and gender-matched healthy controls completed the multi-source interference task before and after a written negative mood induction designed to increase feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and shame...
November 4, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882607/fear-of-failure-psychological-stress-and-burnout-among-adolescent-athletes-competing-in-high-level-sport
#14
H Gustafsson, S S Sagar, A Stenling
The purpose of this study was to investigate fear of failure in highly competitive junior athletes and the association with psychological stress and burnout. In total 258 athletes (152 males and 108 females) ranged in age from 15 to 19 years (M = 17.4 years, SD = 1.08) participated. Athletes competed in variety of sports including both team and individual sports. Results showed in a variable-oriented approach using regression analyses that one dimension, fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment had a statistically significant effect on perceived psychological stress and one dimension of burnout, reduced sense of accomplishment...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878860/the-role-of-menstruation-in-women-s-objectification-a-questionnaire-study
#15
Herdís Sveinsdóttir
AIM: To investigate the concepts of objectification and self-objectification among young women in the context of attitudes towards menstruation, menstrual suppression, menstrual and menarche experiences, disorder eating and exercise habits and to detect predictors of objectification and self-objectification. BACKGROUND: The negative effects of objectification are well founded. Considering the central role menstruation plays in female biology, it comes as quite a surprise that so little attention is given to the subject in the research on objectification...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875035/mothers-experience-of-not-breastfeeding-in-a-breastfeeding-culture
#16
Ingjerd Hvatum, Kari Glavin
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe women's experience of not breastfeeding in a breastfeeding culture. BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding represents a fundamental cultural value in Norway and many other countries, and a mother may often have intense emotions about breastfeeding her child. Political and health authorities in many countries have given high priority to encouraging breastfeeding among mothers. However, breastfeeding can be challenging and sometimes affects mothers' mental health and the joy of interaction...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869562/wanting-to-be-seen-young-people-s-experiences-of-performative-making-out
#17
Kate M Esterline, Charlene L Muehlenhard
People engage in sexual behavior for many reasons, some of which require an audience (e.g., arousing onlookers, making someone jealous). In this study, we investigated the prevalence, motivations, and outcomes of young people's experiences with performative making out-making out with someone and wanting others to see. Of the 155 female and 194 male college students who completed the online questionnaire, 32% of the women and 37% of the men reported having done this, often before entering college. Significantly more women than men reported same-sex performative experiences...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868346/older-people-s-description-of-factors-that-facilitate-and-impede-regular-dental-care-a-qualitative-interview-study
#18
C Derblom, M-L Hagman-Gustafsson, P Gabre
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to achieve an understanding of older people's view of the benefits of regular dental care and investigate factors that facilitate and impede regular dental care. METHODS: A qualitative research method was used. To gain a deeper understanding of the elderly people's views, individual interviews were conducted. Fifteen respondents, eleven women and four men aged between 65 and 95, participated, all recruited from senior social centres...
November 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867262/colonial-legacy-and-the-experience-of-first-nations-women-in-cervical-cancer-screening-a-canadian-multi-community-study
#19
Pamela Wakewich, Brianne Wood, Crystal Davey, Ashlie Laframboise, Ingeborg Zehbe
Regular Papanicolaou (Pap) screening has dramatically reduced cervical cancer incidence in Canada since the 1950s. However, Indigenous women's rates of cervical cancer remain disproportionately high, a factor which is not acknowledged in national media or in educational materials reporting Canada's new cervical cancer screening guidelines. Here, we present findings from a cervical cancer screening initiative in Northwestern Ontario. Based on participatory action research, we worked with 10 First Nations communities in the Robinson Superior Treaty area to increase awareness of cervical cancer risk, develop culturally sensitive tools for screening and education and test the efficacy of human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as an alternative to Pap cytology...
January 1, 2016: Critical Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859087/burn-me-twice-shame-on-who-interactions-between-successive-forest-fires-across-a-temperate-mountain-region
#20
Brian J Harvey, Daniel C Donato, Monica G Turner
Increasing rates of natural disturbances under a warming climate raise important questions about how multiple disturbances interact. Escalating wildfire activity in recent decades has resulted in some forests re-burning in short succession, but how the severity of one wildfire affects that of a subsequent wildfire is not fully understood. We used a field-validated, satellite-derived, burn-severity atlas to assess interactions between successive wildfires across the US Northern Rocky Mountains a 300,000-km(2) region dominated by fire-prone forests...
September 2016: Ecology
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