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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792581/victimization-and-violence-an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-child-sexual-abuse-violence-and-delinquency
#1
Rebecca Shoaf Kozak, Melinda Gushwa, Tamara J Cadet
Child sexual abuse (CSA) continues to be a major public health issue with significant short- and long-term consequences. However, little contemporary research has examined the relationship between CSA and delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence. Children who have been sexually abused experience a unique form of victimization compared to children who have endured other forms of maltreatment, as CSA can result in feelings of shame, powerlessness and boundary violations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of CSA on delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791193/shame-and-interpersonal-sensitivity-gender-differences-and-the-association-between-internalized-shame-coping-strategies-and-interpersonal-sensitivity
#2
Markus B T Nyström, Emilie Kjellberg, Ulrica Heimdahl, Bert Jonsson
The present study investigated gender differences in interpersonal sensitivity and internalized shame coping strategies in 252 undergraduate students. To measure interpersonal sensitivity and shame coping strategies, the self-assessment forms Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure and Compass of Shame Scale were used. The analyses revealed that compared to men, women display interpersonal sensitivity to a higher degree, and they use internalized shame coping strategies to a greater extent. The results also showed that interpersonal sensitivity is highly correlated with shame coping strategies...
2018: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790134/-hiv-stigma-and-spiritual-care-in-people-living-with-hiv
#3
Chia-Hui Yu, Yi-Chi Chiu, Su-Fen Cheng, Nai-Ying Ko
HIV infection has been a manageable and chronic illness in Taiwan since the highly active antiretroviral therapy was introduced in 1997. HIV infection is a stigmatized disease due to its perceived association with risky behaviors. HIV often carries a negative image, and people living with HIV(PLWH) face discrimination on multiple fronts. Internalized HIV stigma impacts the spiritual health of people living with HIV in terms of increased levels of shame, self-blame, fear of disclosing HIV status, and isolation and decreased value and connections with God, others, the environment, and the self...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784232/the-aftermath-of-suicide-a-qualitative-study-with-guyanese-families
#4
Carla J Groh, Maureen Anthony, Jean Gash
INTRODUCTION: The suicide rate in Guyana was five times higher than the world average in 2014 (WHO) which puts Guyana at the top of the list with 44.2 per 100,000 people, the highest suicide rate in the world. For every completed suicide, there are survivors who experience high levels of psychological, physical, and social distress, and report feelings of guilt, shame, social stigma, and search for meaning. AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore how family members coped and understand the suicide of their loved one, and to determine what resources were available to help them during this transition...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779150/disorienting-dilemmas-the-significance-of-resistance-and-disturbance-in-an-intercultural-program-within-kindergarten-teacher-education
#5
Åsta Birkeland, Siv Ødemotland
As the Norwegian society, and thereby the kindergartens, have become more multicultural, the need for cultivating teachers capable of operating in an ever diversified and global world is highlighted as an important educational strategy within teacher education. The purpose of the specific intercultural program in kindergarten teacher education discussed in this article refers to competences needed as a professional teacher in a multicultural kindergarten. Teachers often have various assumptions and beliefs taken for granted...
May 19, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777001/fda-names-and-shames-branded-pharma-companies-that-obstruct-generics-development
#6
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773752/there-s-no-shame-in-leaving
#7
Barbara A Wanchisen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767296/evaluating-the-antimicrobial-apoptotic-and-cancer-cell-gene-delivery-properties-of-protein-capped-gold-nanoparticles-synthesized-from-the-edible-mycorrhizal-fungus-tricholoma-crassum
#8
Arpita Basu, Sarmishtha Ray, Supriyo Chowdhury, Arnab Sarkar, Deba Prasad Mandal, Shamee Bhattacharjee, Surekha Kundu
Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles of distinct geometric shapes with highly functional protein coats without additional capping steps is rarely reported. This study describes green synthesis of protein-coated gold nanoparticles for the first time from the edible, mycorrhizal fungus Tricholoma crassum (Berk.) Sacc. The nanoparticles were of the size range 5-25 nm and of different shapes. Spectroscopic analysis showed red shift of the absorption maxima with longer reaction period during production and blue shift with increase in pH...
May 16, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764916/adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-experience-shame-that-leads-to-psychological-distress-and-mental-illness-that-requires-assessment-and-treatment
#9
Michael Brown, Lynne Marsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762795/addressing-racism-in-medical-education-an-interactive-training-module
#10
Tanya White-Davis, Jennifer Edgoose, Joedrecka S Brown Speights, Kathryn Fraser, Jeffrey M Ring, Jessica Guh, George W Saba
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Education of health care clinicians on racial and ethnic disparities has primarily focused on emphasizing statistics and cultural competency, with minimal attention to racism. Learning about racism and unconscious processes provides skills that reduce bias when interacting with minority patients. This paper describes the responses to a relationship-based workshop and toolkit highlighting issues that medical educators should address when teaching about racism in the context of pernicious health disparities...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759023/embodied-neoliberalism-epidemiology-and-the-lived-experience-of-consumer-debt
#11
Elizabeth Sweet, L Zachary DuBois, Flavia Stanley
A growing set of epidemiological data links personal financial debt to negative mental and physical health outcomes. These findings point to debt as a potentially significant socioeconomic determinant of population health, especially given rising rates of household and consumer debt in industrialized nations. However, the political and economic contexts in which rising consumer debt is embedded and the ways in which it is experienced in everyday life are underexplored in this epidemiological literature. This gap leaves open questions about how best to situate and understand debt as a health determinant with both psychosocial and neo-material attributes...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759022/compassion-focused-therapy-for-trauma-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-conceptual-review
#12
Megan Cowles, Cathy Randle-Phillips, Andrew Medley
Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder are more prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities (PWID) than in the general population, yet the evidence base for trauma interventions in this population is sparse. Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) may be particularly well-suited to PWID for a number of reasons, including its adaptability to different developmental levels. PWID are more likely to have issues with self-relating (e.g. shame and self-criticism) and attachment than the general population, two issues that are compounded by trauma and which CFT explicitly seeks to address...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756559/help-seeking-behaviors-for-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-by-men-receiving-substance-use-treatment-a-mixed-methods-secondary-analysis
#13
Nozomu Hashimoto, Polly Radcliffe, Gail Gilchrist
Despite the high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration by men receiving substance use treatment, little is known about their help-seeking behaviors for IPV. A secondary analysis of a mixed-methods study of men receiving substance use treatment who perpetrated IPV examined the prevalence, characteristics, and barriers associated with IPV perpetration disclosure and help-seeking. In total, 170 men were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, and a subsample of 20 were interviewed in-depth about their experiences...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751291/shame-and-avoidance-as-barriers-in-midwives-communication-about-body-weight-with-pregnant-women-a-qualitative-interview-study
#14
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Excessive gestational weight gain, regardless of initial BMI, is associated with perinatal risks for both mother and offspring and contributes to obesity in women. Studies report that healthcare professionals find it difficult to communicate about weight and pregnant women perceive healthcare professionals as unconcerned, leaving many women uninformed about weight recommendations and risks. We aimed to explore how midwives approach communication about gestational weight gain recommendations, and to characterize communication barriers and facilitators...
April 26, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747476/caring-for-young-people-who-self-harm-a-review-of-perspectives-from-families-and-young-people
#15
REVIEW
Sophie Curtis, Pinar Thorn, Alison McRoberts, Sarah Hetrick, Simon Rice, Jo Robinson
Self-harm among young people remains largely stigmatised and misunderstood. Parents have been identified as key facilitators in the help-seeking process, yet they typically report feeling ill-equipped to support the young person in their care. The aim of this review was to examine the perspectives of both young people (aged 12⁻28) and parents and to develop the conceptual framework for a future qualitative study. A systematic search of MEDLINE and PsycINFO was performed to identify articles that focused on the experiences of family members and young people related to managing the discovery of self-harm...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746161/clean-blood-religion-and-moral-triage-in-tuberculosis-vaccine-trials
#16
Justin Dixon, Michèle Tameris
During ethnographic research at a tuberculosis vaccine trial site in South Africa, trial participants often evoked the idiom of "clean blood." In this article, we illustrate how the trials enacted a form of moral triage in which "objective" bioscientific knowledge and moral subjectivity were coproduced. Participation created possibilities to demonstrate healthiness, respectability, and godliness in a context where positive self-imaginings were hard won, but could also lead to dejection and shame...
May 10, 2018: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745689/shame-predicts-revictimization-in-victims-of-childhood-violence-a-prospective-study-of-a-general-norwegian-population-sample
#17
Helene Flood Aakvaag, Siri Thoresen, Ida Frugård Strøm, Mia Myhre, Ole Kristian Hjemdal
OBJECTIVE: Victims of childhood violence often experience new victimization in adult life. However, risk factors for such revictimization are poorly understood. In this longitudinal study, we investigated whether violence-related shame and guilt were associated with revictimization. METHOD: Young adults (age = 17-35) exposed to childhood violence (n = 505) were selected from a (Country) population study of 6,589 persons (Wave 1), and reinterviewed by telephone 12-18 months later (Wave 2)...
May 10, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744971/psychosocial-roots-of-paranoid-ideation-the-role-of-childhood-experiences-social-comparison-submission-and-shame
#18
Célia Barreto Carvalho, Carolina da Motta, José Pinto-Gouveia, Ermelindo Peixoto
BACKGROUND: Social experiences have a significant impact on cognitive functioning and appraisals of social interactions. Specifically, recalls of antipathy from parents, submissiveness, and bullying during childhood can have a significant influence on paranoid ideation later in life. METHOD: Multiple hierarchical regression analysis was performed on a sample of 91 patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia in remission and active phase, their first-degree relatives (n = 32) and unaffected controls (n = 64)...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744316/mental-healthcare-act-2017-need-to-wait-and-watch
#19
Abhisek Mishra, Abhiruchi Galhotra
Mental health is different from general health as in certain circumstances mentally ill people may not be in a position to make decisions on their own. Those who suffer rarely get access to appropriate medical treatment as their families try to hide their condition out of a sense of shame. Over 300 million people are estimated to suffer from depression, equivalent to 4.4% of the world's total population. According to a study conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, 1 in 40 and 1 in 20 people are suffering from the past and current episodes of depression in India...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#20
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
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