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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934048/living-human-dignity-a-nightingale-legacy
#1
Margaret Hegge, Sandra Schmidt Bunkers
The authors in this article present the humanbecoming ethical tenets of human dignity: reverence, awe, betrayal, and shame. These four ethical tenets of human dignity are examined from a historical perspective, exploring how Rosemarie Rizzo Parse has conceptualized these ethical tenets with added descriptions from other scholars, and how Florence Nightingale lived human dignity as the founder of modern nursing.
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922073/the-effects-of-individual-and-network-level-factors-on-discussion-of-cancer-experiences-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-korea
#2
Min Ah Kim, Jaehee Yi, Kort C Prince, Elizabeth Nagelhout, Yelena Wu
This study aimed to identify young adult Korean cancer survivors' individual- (psychological distress, stigma, sociodemographic variables, and cancer-related variables) and network-level factors (relationship type, social support type) that influence discussion of their cancer experiences. Sixty-eight survivors of childhood cancer who were recruited using snowball sampling nominated 245 individuals from their networks, including family and intimate partners (40%) and friends and acquaintances (60%), as people with whom they most frequently interacted...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915991/adolescent-and-parental-reactions-to-puberty-in-nigeria-and-kenya-a-cross-cultural-and-intergenerational-comparison
#3
Bamidele M Bello, Adesegun O Fatusi, Oluwatomi E Adepoju, Beatrice W Maina, Caroline W Kabiru, Marni Sommer, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: This qualitative study assesses the cross-cultural and intergenerational reactions of young adolescents and parents to puberty in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Sixty-six boys and girls (aged 11-13 years) and their parents participated in narrative interviews conducted in English or local languages in two urban poor settings in Ile-Ife and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated, and uploaded into Atlas.ti software for coding and analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915146/engendered-responses-to-and-interventions-for-shame-in-dissociative-disorders-a-survey-and-experimental-investigation
#4
Martin J Dorahy, Julia Gorgas, Lenaire Seager, Warwick Middleton
This study examined shame and responses to it in adult dissociative disorder (DD; n = 24) and comparison psychiatric (n = 14) samples. To investigate how helpful different therapeutic responses are after shame disclosures in therapy, participants heard two vignettes from "mock" patients disclosing a) shame and b) surprise. Participants rated the helpfulness of five potential responses. Interventions covered withdrawing from the affect (withdrawal focused) to feeling it (feeling focused), with other interventions on cognitions (cognitive focused), management strategies (management focused), and previous experiences (history focused)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915113/causative-factors-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-status-of-pregnant-adolescent-girls-in-urban-communities-of-lagos-nigeria
#5
Yetunde A Kuyinu, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Elochukwu E Ukatu
Background The overall goal of this study was to determine the causative factors for pregnancy status in adolescent girls in two communities in the Lagos Island local government area. Methods A mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative) study reviewing routine health facility antenatal care (ANC) records and conducting focus group discussions among 46 pregnant adolescents, exploring their views about sex, contraception, pregnancy and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, was carried out. Key informant interviews were also carried out among healthcare workers and community members to assess their perceptions of adolescents' SRH problems...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915089/transgender-teachers-the-personal-pedagogical-and-political
#6
Kristopher Wells
This empirical research study examines the experiences of three male-to-female transgender teachers who transitioned genders, in three different decades (1980s, 1990s, 2000s) while actively teaching within Canadian K-12 public schools. I utilize poststructural storylines to explore how these transgender teachers navigated the personal, pedagogical, and political and the survival and transition strategies they developed to become intelligible within their schools. Their storylines illustrate how they developed counter narratives to challenge traditional discourses of trans invisibility, silence, shame, and fear...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914176/intraoperative-gutter-leaks-that-merit-our-attention
#7
Adam Tanious, Mathew Wooster, Marcelo Giarelli, Paul A Armstrong, Martin R Back, Murray L Shames
INTRODUCTION: The natural history and potential morbidity of gutter endoleaks are unclear. We present our experience with intraoperative gutter endoleaks and strategies to determine which of these require intervention. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients treated with parallel stent grafts from January 2010 to September 2015. We reviewed all operative records and intraoperative angiograms as well as all postoperative imaging and secondary interventions...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914175/menstruation-experiences-of-south-african-women-belonging-to-the-ama-xhosa-ethnic-group
#8
Anita Padmanabhanunni, Labeeqah Jaffer, Jeanette Steenkamp
A growing body of research has emphasised the salience of cultural beliefs and traditional practices to women's experiences of menstruation. Relatively less research has, however, been undertaken in South Africa. This study explored the experience of menstruation among women from the ama-Xhosa ethnic group, one of the largest ethnic groups in the country. Among the ama-Xhosa, there are distinct cultural practices associated with menstruation, including the female rite of passage (intonjane) and virginity testing (inkciyo)...
September 15, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912732/transcriptome-identified-lncrnas-associated-with-renal-fibrosis-in-uuo-rat-model
#9
Jiazeng Sun, Shang Zhang, Bianhua Shi, Dexian Zheng, Juan Shi
Renal fibrosis represents a final common outcome of many renal diseases and has attracted a great deal of attention. To better understand whether lncRNAs could be a player in this process or be a biomarker for renal fibrosis diagnosis, we compared transcriptome sequencing data on renal tissues and urine respectively between UUO (unilateral ureteral obstruction) and shamed (Sham) rat model. Numerous genes including lncRNAs with significant changes in their expression were identified. 24 lncRNAs were up-regulated and 79 lncRNAs were down-regulated in the renal tissues of the UUO rats...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906085/quality-of-life-of-psoriasis-patients-measured-by-the-psodisk-a-new-visual-method-for-assessing-the-impact-of-the-disease
#10
Santo R Mercuri, Greta Gregorio, Pina Brianti
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease with a chronic course; often it is associated with various serious comorbidity and a compromised quality of life. Psoriasis patients experience a low self-esteem, feelings of shame and frustration, they report a seriously compromised social and sentimental sphere, difficulties at work and in daily activities, coming in most serious cases to suicidal ideation. METHODS: Our job is to experiment the introduction of the innovative PSOdisk tool to quantify the impact of psoriasis on quality of life, comparing it with PASI Index...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905128/women-s-subjective-experiences-of-living-with-vulvodynia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography
#11
Rebekah Shallcross, Joanne M Dickson, David Nunns, Catharine Mackenzie, Gundi Kiemle
Vulvodynia, the experience of an idiopathic pain in the form of burning, soreness, or throbbing in the vulval area, affects around 4-16% of the population. The current review used systematic search strategies and meta-ethnography as a means of identifying, analyzing, and synthesizing the existing literature pertaining to women's subjective experiences of living with vulvodynia. Four key concepts were identified: (1) Social Constructions: Sex, Women, and Femininity: Women experienced negative consequences of social narratives around womanhood, sexuality, and femininity, including the prioritization of penetrative sex, the belief that it is the role of women to provide sex for men, and media portrayals of sex as easy and natural...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904910/complications-acknowledging-managing-and-coping-with-human-error
#12
REVIEW
Sevann Helo, Carol-Anne E Moulton
Errors are inherent in medicine due to the imperfectness of human nature. Health care providers may have a difficult time accepting their fallibility, acknowledging mistakes, and disclosing errors. Fear of litigation, shame, blame, and concern about reputation are just some of the barriers preventing physicians from being more candid with their patients, despite the supporting body of evidence that patients cite poor communication and lack of transparency as primary drivers to file a lawsuit in the wake of a medical complication...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899130/book-review-shame-developmental-cultural-and-clinical-realms-shame-developmental-cultural-and-clinical-realms-edited-by-akhtar-salman-london-karnac-books-2016-xx-230-pp-39-78-paperback
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895019/narrative-self-appropriation-embodiment-alienness-and-personal-responsibility-in-the-context-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#14
Allan Køster
It is often emphasised that persons diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show difficulties in understanding their own psychological states. In this article, I argue that from a phenomenological perspective, BPD can be understood as an existential modality in which the embodied self is profoundly saturated by an alienness regarding the person's own affects and responses. However, the balance of familiarity and alienness is not static, but can be cultivated through, e.g., psychotherapy. Following this line of thought, I present the idea that narrativising experiences can play an important role in processes of appropriating such embodied self-alienness...
September 11, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894526/qualitative-study-of-hiv-related-stigma-and-discrimination-what-women-say-in-iran
#15
Fatemeh Oskouie, Farzaneh Kashefi, Forough Rafii, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya
INTRODUCTION: HIV-related stigma is a major social problem of people living with HIV. Stigma against these people, especially women, interferes with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of HIV. This study examined the experiences of HIV infected women who were stigmatized, as well as the strategies used to tackle the issue. METHODS: Twenty-five women living with HIV were examined using in-depth, semi-structured interviews. The data obtained was analyzed using content analysis method in MAXQDA10...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893153/emotion-focused-perspective-on-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-qualitative-analysis-of-clients-in-session-presentations
#16
Katie O'Brien, Nora O'Keeffe, Hannah Cullen, Aoife Durcan, Ladislav Timulak, James McElvaney
OBJECTIVE: The classification of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is influenced by the tradition of conceptualizing disorders in the context of their clinical presentation and subsequent professional thinking around them. Our qualitative, descriptive-interpretative study uses a theoretical framework drawn from emotion-focused therapy (EFT) as the basis of our interpretation of GAD clients' presentation of their difficulties. METHOD: The current research consists of an investigation into the GAD presentation based on a multiple case study observational qualitative design...
September 11, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891388/men-respond-too-the-effects-of-a-social-evaluative-body-image-threat-on-shame-and-cortisol-in-university-men
#17
Larkin Lamarche, Brianne Ozimok, Kimberley L Gammage, Cameron Muir
Framed within social self-preservation theory, the present study investigated men's psychobiological responses to social-evaluative body image threats. University men ( n = 66) were randomly assigned to either a high or low social-evaluative body image threat condition. Participants provided saliva samples (to assess cortisol) and completed measures of state body shame prior to and following their condition, during which anthropometric and strength measures were assessed. Baseline corrected values indicated men in the high social-evaluative body image threat condition had higher body shame and cortisol than men in the low social-evaluative body image threat condition...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890226/the-impact-of-early-shame-memories-in-binge-eating-disorder-the-mediator-effect-of-current-body-image-shame-and-cognitive-fusion
#18
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the phenomenology of shame experiences from childhood and adolescence in a sample of women with Binge Eating Disorder. Moreover, a path analysis was investigated testing whether the association between shame-related memories which are traumatic and central to identity, and binge eating symptoms' severity, is mediated by current external shame, body image shame and body image cognitive fusion. Participants in this study were 114 patients, who were assessed through the Eating Disorder Examination and the Shame Experiences Interview, and through self-report measures of external shame, body image shame, body image cognitive fusion and binge eating symptoms...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887248/positive-impact-of-an-aortic-center-designation
#19
Adam Tanious, Mathew Wooster, Marcelo Giarelli, Paul A Armstrong, Brad Johnson, Karl A Illig, Bruce Zwiebel, Lawrence S Grundy, Robert Hooker, Christiano Caldeira, Martin A Back, Murray L Shames
BACKGROUND: In January 2015 we created a multidisciplinary Aortic Center with the collaboration of Vascular Surgery, Cardiac Surgery, Interventional Radiology, Anesthesia and Hospital Administration. We report the initial success of creating a Comprehensive Aortic Center. METHODS: All aortic procedures performed from January 1, 2015 until December 31, 2016 were entered into a prospectively collected database and compared with available data for 2014. Primary outcomes included the number of all aortic related procedures, transfer acceptance rate, transfer time and proportion of elective/emergent referrals...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886393/body-checking-is-associated-with-weight-and-body-related-shame-and-weight-and-body-related-guilt-among-men-and-women
#20
Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston
This study examined whether body checking was a correlate of weight- and body-related shame and guilt for men and women. Participants were 537 adults (386 women) between the ages of 17 and 74 (Mage=28.29, SD=14.63). Preliminary analyses showed women reported significantly more body-checking (p<.001), weight- and body-related shame (p<.001), and weight- and body-related guilt (p<.001) than men. In sex-stratified hierarchical linear regression models, body checking was significantly and positively associated with weight- and body-related shame (R(2)=...
September 5, 2017: Body Image
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