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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814110/engaging-hiv-positive-clients-in-care-acceptability-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-a-peer-navigation-program-in-south-africa
#1
Wayne T Steward, Jeri Sumitani, Mary E Moran, Mary-Jane Ratlhagana, Jessica L Morris, Lebogang Isidoro, Jennifer M Gilvydis, John Tumbo, Jessica Grignon, Scott Barnhart, Sheri A Lippman
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) could curtail the HIV epidemic, but its impact is diminished by low uptake. We developed a peer navigation program to enhance engagement in HIV care, ART adherence, and behavioral prevention. In preparation for a randomized controlled trial, the program was piloted over four months at two primary health clinics in South Africa's North West Province. Newly diagnosed, HIV-positive clients met regularly with navigators to address barriers to care, adherence, and prevention. To assess program acceptability and feasibility and characterize the mechanisms of action, we surveyed 25 clients who completed navigation services and conducted interviews with 10 clients, four navigators, and five clinic providers...
August 16, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813323/emotions-and-emotion-regulation-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Carmen P McLean, Edna B Foa
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with negative emotions such as shame, guilt, anger, and disgust, as well as impairments in the ability to effectively regulate these emotional states. There is evidence showing that each of these negative emotions and emotion regulation difficulties are related to the severity of PTSD stemming from various trauma types. In contrast, much less is known about the temporal relationship between these features and PTSD. Studies have found that treatments for PTSD often lead to improvements in these negative emotions and in emotion regulation difficulties, but how these features impact the efficacy of various PTSD treatments is less clear...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810497/shame-and-emotion-regulation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-effects-on-psychosocial-functioning
#3
Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
Although patients with inflammatory bowel disease seem to be prone to high levels of shame, the mechanisms behind the impact of chronic illness-related shame on patients' functioning have not been explored yet. This study aims to address these gaps using a sample of 161 patients with inflammatory bowel disease who completed self-report measures on an online survey. The results from path analyses showed that chronic illness-related shame presented direct and indirect effects on psychological health ( R(2) = ...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810443/disgust-shame-and-the-psychosocial-impact-of-skin-picking-evidence-from-an-online-support-forum
#4
Suzy Anderson, Victoria Clarke
This article examines the accounts of individuals who problematically pick their skin and explores their subjective experiences. In total, 100 problem disclosure statements were taken from posts made to a publicly accessible online skin picking support forum. These posts were systematically analysed using thematic analysis. Themes of disgust, shame and psychosocial avoidance dominated the analysis and appeared central to the experience of skin picking. Skin picking was shown to be a heterogeneous experience with a complex emotional profile...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810377/self-esteem-moderates-the-associations-between-body-related-self-conscious-emotions-and-depressive-symptoms
#5
Jennifer Brunet, Eva Pila, Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
The objectives of this study were to describe the cross-sectional associations between body-related self-conscious emotions and depressive symptoms in young adults and examine self-esteem as a moderator of these associations. Data from a population-based sample of 811 young adults were analyzed using hierarchical multivariate linear regression analysis. Body-related shame ( β = .26) and guilt ( β = .25) were positively related to frequency of depressive symptoms. Self-esteem was negatively related to frequency of depressive symptoms ( β = -...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810375/processes-of-change-in-quality-of-life-weight-self-stigma-body-mass-index-and-emotional-eating-after-an-acceptance-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-group-intervention-kg-free-for-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#6
Lara Palmeira, Marina Cunha, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the effectiveness of Kg-Free: an acceptance-, mindfulness- and compassion-based group intervention for women with overweight and obesity at post-treatment and 3-month follow-up and explored the psychological processes that underlie changes in quality of life, weight self-stigma, body mass index and emotional eating at post-treatment. Overall, 53 women completed Kg-Free. At post-treatment and 3-month follow-up, participants reported increased quality of life, mindfulness and self-compassion abilities and decreased weight self-stigma, emotional eating, shame, weight-related experiential avoidance, self-criticism and body mass index...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805438/situational-and-structural-variation-in-youth-perceptions-of-maternal-guilt-induction
#7
Wendy M Rote, Judith G Smetana
Parental induction of empathy-related guilt plays an important role in children's moral development. However, guilt induction can also be psychologically controlling and detrimental for youth adjustment. This study provided a more nuanced view of parental guilt induction by examining how the nature of a child's misdeed and the structure and content of the parental guilt inductive statement impact children's perceptions of it. Using hypothetical vignettes, this study experimentally examined the impact of the type (domain) of child behavior, highlighted victim, and focus of parental criticism on 156 children's and early and middle adolescents' (age: Ms = 8...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801952/positioning-telling-and-performing-a-male-illness-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#8
Nicholas Wood, Annum Qureshi, Fahim Mughal
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of illness accounts of men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS), despite a significant level of prevalence and burden of disease. This qualitative study thus elicited twelve accounts from men suffering with CP/CPPS. METHODS: Narrative analysis was employed, focusing primarily on narrative content. RESULTS: Three major narrative themes were identified: (1) Medical stories: Blame and shame; (2) The Erratic nature of CP/CPPS; and (3) Ongoing struggles for coping and cures and the Search for meaning...
August 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801716/-plastic-surgery-reconstruction-of-the-adult-buried-penis-option-or-obligation
#9
REVIEW
S Mühlstädt, P Anheuser, N Mohammed, A D Bach
The adult buried penis afflicts the patient with shame and is also potentially associated with considerable urogenital complications. Due to obesity, chronic urogenital lymphedema or subsequent inflammatory urogenital conditions, such as a lichen sclerosus et atrophicus, the clinical appearance of the adult buried penis is extremely variable. Epidemiological data are non-existent. Therapeutically, a combination of various plastic surgery procedures is often necessary for the best esthetic and functional results...
August 11, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799409/use-of-the-brief-shame-and-guilt-questionnaire-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children-and-adolescents
#10
Evelien Broekhof, Maartje Kouwenberg, Paul Oosterveld, Johan H M Frijns, Carolien Rieffe
No assessment tools are available to measure shame and guilt in children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH), while these self-conscious emotions might play a role in the frequently noted social and behavioral problems in this group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to validate the Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire (BSGQ) in DHH children. In addition, we examined associations of shame and guilt with social anxiety, self-esteem, delinquency, and psychopathic behaviors. A sum of 225 hearing ( Mage = 11...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792359/-i-want-to-go-gently-how-aids-patients-in-ghana-envisage-their-deaths
#11
Fidelia N A Ohemeng, Steve Tonah
This article examines the views of persons living with AIDS about how they want to die and how they are planning for their deaths. Participants for the study were purposefully drawn from an HIV clinic in an urban town in Ghana. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 persons living with AIDS. Three preferences of death were identified by the participants. These include the desire for a quick death, death at home, and death without emaciating. Planning for death involved attending church and taking care of children...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791577/-barbie-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#12
Maria Gruber, Rebecca Jahn, Karin Stolba, Michael Ossege
BACKGROUND: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. METHODS: The ICD-10 and DSM-5 criteria were established for axis I disorders and the German version of the SCID II interview (for DSM-4) was applied for axis II disorders...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790137/shame-stigma-hiv-philosophical-reflections
#13
Phil Hutchinson, Rageshri Dhairyawan
It is a distinctive feature of HIV that its pathology cannot be adequately grasped separate from a number of psychosocial factors, and stigma is widely seen as the most prominent. We argue that it is equally important to have an adequate understanding of shame, as the emotional response to stigma. We have identified five ways shame might negatively impact upon attempts to combat and treat HIV, which emerge from the stigma HIV carries and STI-stigma in general. In this paper, we draw out four insights from philosophical work on emotions and shame which we propose will improve understanding of shame and stigma...
August 8, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768488/success-failure-condition-influences-attribution-of-control-negative-affect-and-shame-among-patients-with-depression-in-singapore
#14
Si-Ning Yeo, Hani Zainal, Catherine S Tang, Eddie M Tong, Cyrus S Ho, Roger C Ho
BACKGROUND: There remains a paucity of research on control attribution and depression within Asian populations. This study examines: (1) Success/Failure condition as a moderator between depression and negative affect or shame, and (2) differences in control attribution between patients with depression and healthy controls in Singapore. METHODS: Seventy one patients with depression and 71 healthy controls went through a digit-span memory task where they were randomized into either the Success or Failure condition...
August 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767175/acknowledging-medical-students-reports-of-intimidation-and-humiliation-by-their-teachers-in-hospitals
#15
Jenny Barrett, Karen M Scott
AIM: The continuing existence of 'teaching by humiliation' of medical students and junior doctors in Australia has recently been highlighted in a number of research publications and media reports. This study investigates medical students' experiences of being intimidated or humiliated during their clinical rotations in Australian hospitals in paediatrics and adult medicine. METHODS: From factors identified in earlier research, a two-page survey was developed for administration at two Australian medical schools...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766733/a-riot-on-campus-the-effects-of-social-identity-complexity-on-emotions-and-reparative-attitudes-after-ingroup-perpetrated-violence
#16
Kristi A Costabile, Adrienne B Austin
When a group commits a transgression, members who identify closely with the group often engage in defensive strategies in which they are less likely to experience guilt and shame in response to the transgression than are less identified group members. Subsequently, highly identified group members are often less willing to offer reparations to the injured parties. Because appropriate emotional responses and reparations are critical to community reconciliation, the present investigation examined whether social identity complexity-the degree to which individuals perceive their multiple social identities as interrelated-reduced these defensive responses...
August 2, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764600/women-s-expectations-and-experiences-regarding-e-health-treatment-a-systematic-review
#17
Carmen Verhoeks, Doreth Teunissen, Anke van der Stelt-Steenbergen, Antoine Lagro-Janssen
There is a gap in knowledge of women's perceptions of e-health treatment. This review aims to investigate women's expectations and experiences regarding e-health. A search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycInfo in March 2016. We included articles published between 2000 and March 2016, reporting on e-health interventions. The initial search yielded 2987 articles. Eventually, 16 articles reporting on 16 studies were included. Barriers to e-health treatment were lower for women than barriers to face-to-face treatment, such as feelings of shame and time constraints...
August 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759575/barriers-to-sexual-and-reproductive-healthcare-services-as-experienced-by-female-sex-workers-and-service-providers-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh
#18
Tasnuva Wahed, Anadil Alam, Salima Sultana, Monjur Rahman, Nazmul Alam, Monika Martens, Ratana Somrongthong
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the barriers female sex workers (FSWs) in Bangladesh face with regard to accessing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care, and assess the satisfaction with the healthcare received. METHODS: Data were collected from coverage areas of four community-based drop-in-centers (DICs) in Dhaka where sexually transmitted infection (STI) and human immunovirus (HIV) prevention interventions have been implemented for FSWs. A total of 731 FSWs aged 15-49 years were surveyed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759547/nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-for-the-self-treatment-of-pain-in-young-adults-a-national-shame
#19
Steven D Passik
: Evans et al. (2017) have pointed out how frequently and pervasively nonmedical prescription opioid use is associated with severe pain in young adults, especially young white males. This is a subset of such nonmedical users at tremendous risk of overdose (indeed 1/3 of the study respondents had an overdose event), especially given their concomitant use of benzodiazepines. Avoiding further contributing to the catastrophic rise in overdoses requires access to comprehensive pain care for these young adults. If they were to require opioid therapy, it would have to be in the context of a highly complex and expert variety of such care...
July 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756103/prone-to-feel-guilty-self-evaluative-emotions-in-alcohol-dependence
#20
Delphine Grynberg, Philippe de Timary, Aude Van Heuverswijn, Pierre Maurage
BACKGROUND: Prior research has repeatedly shown that alcohol-dependence is associated with interpersonal difficulties. However, guilt and shame, two crucial self-evaluative emotions triggered by the transgression of social norms, have not been explored among alcohol-dependent individuals despite their important role in psychiatric disorders. The present study thus aimed to investigate whether alcohol-dependence is associated with greater proneness to negatively evaluate one's own behaviors (guilt) or the entire self (shame)...
July 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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