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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635580/hide-and-sick-self-concealment-shame-and-distress-in-the-setting-of-psycho-oncology
#1
Reut Wertheim, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Noam Pizem, Einat Shacham-Shmueli, Gil Goldzweig
OBJECTIVE: Both trait and contextual self-concealment, as well as shame- and guilt-proneness, have previously been found to be associated with psychological distress. However, findings regarding the associations between these variables among patients with cancer and among the spouses of patients with cancer are limited. The aim of the current study was therefore to investigate the relationship between shame-proneness and psychological distress (anxiety and depression) by examining the mediating role of both trait and contextual self-concealment among patients with cancer and among the spouses of patients with cancer...
June 21, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634248/suburban-families-experience-with-food-insecurity-screening-in-primary-care-practices
#2
Deepak Palakshappa, Stephanie Doupnik, Aditi Vasan, Saba Khan, Leah Seifu, Chris Feudtner, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) remains a major public health problem. With the rise in suburban poverty, a greater understanding of parents' experiences of FI in suburban settings is needed to effectively screen and address FI in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted 23 semistructured interviews with parents of children <4 years of age who presented for well-child care in 6 suburban pediatric practices and screened positive for FI. In the interviews, we elicited parents' perceptions of screening for FI, how FI impacted the family, and recommendations for how practices could more effectively address FI...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632240/body-related-shame-and-guilt-predict-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors-over-time
#3
Andrée L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test body-related shame and guilt as predictors of breast cancer survivors' (BCS') moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during six months and to examine motivational regulations as mediators of this association.
. DESIGN: Prospective study.
. SETTING: Survivors were recruited through advertisements and oncologist referrals from medical clinics and hospitals in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 149 female BCS...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624756/fat-is-fashionable-and-fit-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-fatspiration-and-health-at-every-size-%C3%A2-instagram-images
#4
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Adrienne S Bonar, Alexandria E Davies, Lena Etzel
In step with the proliferation of Thinspiration and Fitspiration content disseminated in popular web-based media, the fat acceptance movement has garnered heightened visibility within mainstream culture via the burgeoning Fatosphere weblog community. The present study extended previous Fatosphere research by comparing the shared and distinct strategies used to represent and motivate a fat-accepting lifestyle among 400 images sourced from Fatspiration- and Health at Every Size(®)-themed hashtags on Instagram...
June 15, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620333/the-role-of-perceived-in-group-moral-superiority-in-reparative-intentions-and-approach-motivation
#5
Zsolt P Szabó, Noémi Z Mészáros, István Csertő
Three studies examined how members of a national group react to in-group wrongdoings. We expected that perceived in-group moral superiority would lead to unwillingness to repair the aggression. We also expected that internal-focused emotions such as group-based guilt and group-based shame would predict specific, misdeed-related reparative intentions but not general approach motivation toward the victim groups. In Study 1, facing the in-group's recent aggression, participants who believed that the Hungarians have been more moral throughout their history than members of other nations, used more exonerating cognitions, experienced less in-group critical emotions and showed less willingness to provide reparations for the members of the victim group...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618886/emotional-sequelae-of-elective-abortion-the-role-of-guilt-and-shame
#6
Donna Krupkin Whitney
Although estimates vary, many women experience long-term emotional, spiritual, psychological and interpersonal difficulties following abortion, including complicated grief, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and relationship disturbances. Developmental, drive, object-relations and narcissism models for perinatal loss also illuminate the dynamics of post-abortion syndromes. Guilt and shame play important roles in generating and concealing post-abortion sequelae. Pastoral care and healthcare providers can increase their awareness of post-abortion sequelae and provide effective care for women experiencing these syndromes...
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605215/experienced-based-versus-scenario-based-assessments-of-shame-and-guilt-and-their-relationship-to-alcohol-consumption-and-problems
#7
Jason Luoma, Paul Guinther, Jacqueline Potter, Megan Cheslock
BACKGROUND: Empirical studies of the relationships between shame, guilt, and drinking are sparse and sometimes appear contradictory. However, a more coherent picture emerges when researchers differentiate between measures of experienced of guilt and shame (i.e., questionnaires that ask how often people experience thoughts, feelings, and sensations associated with the emotion) versus proneness to guilt and shame (i.e., self-report of likely responses to imagined situations) is understood...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604034/emotions-and-concerns-situational-evidence-for-their-systematic-co-occurrence
#8
Jozefien De Leersnyder, Peter Koval, Peter Kuppens, Batja Mesquita
People experience emotions when events are relevant to their current concerns, that is, when events affect their goals, values, or motives that are pertinent at that time. In the current research, we focused on one kind of concern-values-and examined whether different types of concerns are associated with different categories of emotion. More specifically, we investigated whether, at the situation level, the relevance of different types of values is linked to the intensity of different types of emotional experience...
June 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602112/the-role-of-social-cognitive-and-emotional-factors-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-duration
#9
Lee Shepherd, Cherokee Walbey, Brian Lovell
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that exclusive breastfeeding is likely to be predicted by social-cognitive variables and fear. However, there is little research assessing the role of regret and self-conscious emotions (e.g., pride and guilt) in promoting exclusive breastfeeding. Research aim: The primary aim of this research was to determine whether social-cognitive variables, fear, regret, and self-conscious emotions predict exclusive breastfeeding duration. The secondary aim of this research was to assess whether these factors predict infant-feeding choice (i...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599376/pride-shame-and-health-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Eva Randell, Junia Joffer, Renée Flacking, Bengt Starrin, Lars Jerdén
Background Pride and shame are important emotions known to influence identity development and psychological well-being in adolescence. Research evidence indicates that self-rated health (SRH) is a strong predictor of future health. This cross-sectional study, conducted during 2008-2009, aimed to investigate the associations between pride, shame and SRH among adolescent boys and girls. Methods The study sample comprised 705 adolescents in Sweden aged 17-18 years (318 boys and 387 girls) who completed a questionnaire that included items on SRH, shame and pride (participation rate 67%)...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596661/what-is-it-really-anti-g-or-anti-d-plus-anti-c-clinical-significance-in-antenatal-mothers
#11
Soumya Das, Shamee Shastry, M Murugesan, Poornima Baliga B, Shamee Shastry
G antigen of Rh blood group system is present either along with D and/or C positive red cells. Hence, [serologically anti-G presents with the similar picture as that of multiple antibodies (anti-D + anti-C). Differentiating them is important as anti-D + anti-C causes severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn than anti-G. In pregnancies with anti-G alone, alloimmunization due to D antigen could be prevented by prophylactic administration of RhIg. Differentiating between anti-D + C from anti-G in alloimmunized pregnant mothers becomes essential...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596218/health-related-shame-an-affective-determinant-of-health
#12
Luna Dolezal, Barry Lyons
Despite shame being recognised as a powerful force in the clinical encounter, it is underacknowledged, under-researched and undertheorised in the contexts of health and medicine. In this paper we make two claims. The first is that emotional or affective states, in particular shame, can have a significant impact on health, illness and health-related behaviours. We outline four possible processes through which this might occur: (1) acute shame avoidance behaviour; (2) chronic shame health-related behaviours; (3) stigma and social status threat and (4) biological mechanisms...
June 8, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595817/relationships-between-study-habits-burnout-and-general-surgery-resident-performance-on-the-american-board-of-surgery-in-training-examination
#13
Matthew R Smeds, Carol R Thrush, Faith K McDaniel, Roop Gill, Mary K Kimbrough, Brian D Shames, Jeffrey J Sussman, Joseph M Galante, Catherine M Wittgen, Parswa Ansari, Steven R Allen, Michael S Nussbaum, Donald T Hess, David C Knight, Frederick R Bentley
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) is used by programs to evaluate the knowledge and readiness of trainees to sit for the general surgery qualifying examination. It is often used as a tool for resident promotion and may be used by fellowship programs to evaluate candidates. Burnout has been associated with job performance and satisfaction; however, its presence and effects on surgical trainees' performance are not well studied. We sought to understand factors including burnout and study habits that may contribute to performance on the ABSITE examination...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583729/open-abdominal-surgical-training-differences-experienced-by-integrated-vascular-and-general-surgery-residents
#14
Adam Tanious, Mathew Wooster, Andrew Jung, Peter R Nelson, Paul A Armstrong, Murray L Shames
BACKGROUND: As the integrated vascular residency program reaches almost a decade of maturity, a common area of concern among trainees is the adequacy of open abdominal surgical training. It is our belief that although their overall exposure to open abdominal procedures has decreased, integrated vascular residents have an adequate and focused exposure to open aortic surgery during training. METHODS: National operative case log data supplied by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education were compiled for both graduating integrated vascular surgery residents (IVSRs) and graduating categorical general surgery residents (GSRs) for the years 2012 to 2014...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572716/on-the-link-between-perceived-parental-rearing-behaviors-and-self-conscious-emotions-in-adolescents
#15
Cor Meesters, Peter Muris, Pauline Dibbets, Maaike Cima, Lotte Lemmens
This study examined relationships between the self-conscious emotions of guilt and shame in both clinical (N = 104) and non-clinical (N = 477) (young) adolescents aged 11-18 years, who completed a questionnaire to assess perceived parental rearing behaviors (EMBU-C) and a scenario-based instrument to measure proneness to guilt and shame (SCEMAS). Results indicated that parental rearing dimensions were positively related to self-conscious emotions. Regarding the non-clinical sample, both favourable (emotional warmth) and unfavourable (rejection) paternal and maternal rearing dimensions were significant correlates of guilt- and shame-proneness...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559365/-trapped-in-the-labyrinth-exploring-mental-illness-through-devised-theatrical-performance
#16
Paul Patterson, Persephone Sextou
Mental health difficulties remain a major source of burden and distress for individuals, families, health and social care providers with stigma a key target for educational campaigns attempting to improve care pathways and access to support. Stigma is a multifaceted concept having a range of drivers including shame and is thought to act as a barrier to successful help seeking and engagement with support services. The current paper explores some of the salient themes that emerged from a British university drama project on the impact of symptoms and behaviours associated with a severe mental health condition on a young couple's relationship and reflects on the opportunities for connection with an audience provided by the medium and experience...
June 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557468/differentiating-the-everyday-emotion-dynamics-of-borderline-personality-disorder-from-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#17
Malek Mneimne, William Fleeson, Elizabeth Mayfield Arnold, R Michael Furr
A major barrier to the understanding of emotion dynamics in borderline personality disorder (BPD) lies in its substantial comorbidity with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). Whereas BPD has often been characterized in terms of dynamic emotional processes, including instability, reactivity, and inertia, its substantial comorbidity with MDD and BD makes it difficult to discern the specificity of these dynamics. To differentiate the emotion dynamics of BPD from those of MDD and BD, an experience sampling study of 38 participants with BPD, 15 participants with MDD, 14 participants with BD, and 62 healthy controls obtained reports of interpersonal challenges and emotions 5 times daily for 2 weeks...
May 29, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556672/faster-use-and-fewer-failures-with-needle-free-nasal-glucagon-versus-injectable-glucagon-in-severe-hypoglycemia-rescue-a-simulation-study
#18
Jean-François Yale, Hélène Dulude, Marc Egeth, Claude A Piché, Martin Lafontaine, Dolorès Carballo, Rebecca Margolies, Emily Dissinger, Adam R Shames, Nicole Kaplowitz, Michelle Xiaotian Zhang, Shuyu Zhang, Cristina B Guzman
BACKGROUND: During severe hypoglycemic episodes, people with diabetes depend on others to help with treatment. We compared needle-free nasal glucagon and commercially available injectable glucagon for ease of use by caregivers of people with diabetes and by others in treating simulated episodes of severe hypoglycemia. METHODS: Sixteen instructed caregivers and 15 noninstructed acquaintances administered nasal and injectable glucagon to manikins, simulating unconscious people with diabetes during severe hypoglycemia episodes...
May 30, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555499/dangerous-sadness-nervoza-among-first-and-second-generation-macedonian-immigrants-to-australia
#19
Aleksandar Misev, Christine B Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Nervoza is a commonly-used illness category among Macedonian Australians. Although nervoza belongs broadly to the category of 'nerve illnesses' little is known of its meaning among Macedonian immigrants, and whether there is intergenerational attrition in its meaning and use. We aimed to explore how nervoza and its treatment are perceived by members of the Macedonian community in Australia. DESIGN: In-depth interviews in Macedonian with 18 participants from the Macedonian community in Melbourne, Australia...
May 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554604/how-online-counselling-can-support-partners-of-individuals-with-problem-alcohol-or-other-drug-use
#20
Samara R Wilson, Simone Rodda, Dan I Lubman, Victoria Manning, Marie B H Yap
BACKGROUND: Problematic alcohol and other drug (AOD) use impacts partners heavily, with an increased risk of experiencing domestic violence, financial stressors, health problems and relationship challenges. However, partners often do not seek help or support due to a range of barriers (e.g., shame, stigma, practical constraints). Online counselling may facilitate help-seeking by overcoming many of these barriers, however research is needed to explore what motivates partners to contact online counselling services, their experiences and needs, and how partners can be best supported online...
July 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
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