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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#1
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418818/-it-is-not-the-diet-it-is-the-mental-part-we-need-help-with-a-multilevel-analysis-of-psychological-emotional-and-social-well-being-in-obesity
#2
Kathryn Rand, Michael Vallis, Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Laurene Rehman, Sara F L Kirk
In this research, we explored the psychological, emotional, and social experiences of individuals living with obesity, and perceptions of health care providers. We conducted a theoretical thematic analysis using two theoretical frameworks applied to transcripts from a previous qualitative study. Themes from a mental well-being framework were subsequently categorized under five environmental levels of the Social-Ecological Model (SEM). Key mental well-being themes appeared across all levels of the SEM, except the policy level...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417294/high-trait-shame-undermines-the-protective-effects-of-prevalence-knowledge-on-state-shame-following-hpv-cin-diagnosis-in-women
#3
Sarah McQueary Flynn, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Suzanne C Segerstrom, Christen T Logue, Jamie L Studts
Human papillomavirus (HPV), and the related, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), are common yet poorly understood physical conditions. The diagnosis of HPV often elicits shame and guilt, which in turn may undermine psychological and physical health. The current study compared shame and guilt responses to diagnosis among two groups: women diagnosed with HPV/CIN and women diagnosed with Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV/IM). Eighty women recently diagnosed with HPV/CIN or EBV/IM completed measures of shame- and guilt-proneness, shame and guilt following diagnosis, and disease knowledge including prevalence estimates (HPV and EBV, respectively)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412895/self-stigma-and-consumer-participation-in-shared-decision-making-in-mental-health-services
#4
Johannes Hamann, Markus Bühner, Nicolas Rüsch
OBJECTIVE: People with mental illness struggle with symptoms and with public stigma. Some accept common prejudices and lose self-esteem, resulting in shame and self-stigma, which may affect their interactions with mental health professionals. This study explored whether self-stigma and shame are associated with consumers' preferences for participation in medical decision making and their behavior in psychiatric consultations. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted in Germany, 329 individuals with a diagnosis of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder or an affective disorder and their psychiatrists provided sociodemographic and illness-related information...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409714/psychotic-depression-and-suicidal-behavior
#5
Kristin J Fredriksen, Helle K Schoeyen, Jan O Johannessen, Fredrik A Walby, Larry Davidson, Margrethe A Schaufel
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how severely depressed individuals experienced the relationship between psychotic symptoms and suicidal ideation and behavior. METHOD: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of nine inpatients from a psychiatric university hospital between September 2012 and May 2013 fulfilling diagnostic criteria for a psychotic depressive episode as part of a unipolar or bipolar disorder. Analysis was conducted using systematic text condensation...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408243/erlotinib-and-bevacizumab-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-activating-egfr-mutations-belief-an-international-multicentre-single-arm-phase-2-trial
#6
Rafael Rosell, Urania Dafni, Enriqueta Felip, Alessandra Curioni-Fontecedro, Oliver Gautschi, Solange Peters, Bartomeu Massutí, Ramon Palmero, Santiago Ponce Aix, Enric Carcereny, Martin Früh, Miklos Pless, Sanjay Popat, Athanasios Kotsakis, Sinead Cuffe, Paolo Bidoli, Adolfo Favaretto, Patrizia Froesch, Noemí Reguart, Javier Puente, Linda Coate, Fabrice Barlesi, Daniel Rauch, Michael Thomas, Carlos Camps, Jose Gómez-Codina, Margarita Majem, Rut Porta, Riyaz Shah, Emer Hanrahan, Roswitha Kammler, Barbara Ruepp, Manuela Rabaglio, Marie Kassapian, Niki Karachaliou, Rachel Tam, David S Shames, Miguel A Molina-Vila, Rolf A Stahel
BACKGROUND: The tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib improves the outcomes of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) harbouring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. The coexistence of the T790M resistance mutation with another EGFR mutation in treatment-naive patients has been associated with a shorter progression-free survival to EGFR inhibition than in the absence of the T790M mutation. To test this hypothesis clinically, we developed a proof-of-concept study, in which patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC were treated with the combination of erlotinib and bevacizumab, stratified by the presence of the pretreatment T790M mutation...
April 10, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401508/on-effectiveness-and-legitimacy-of-shaming-as-a-strategy-for-combatting-climate-change
#7
Behnam Taebi, Azar Safari
While states have agreed to substantial reduction of emissions in the Paris Agreement, the success of the Agreement strongly depends on the cooperation of large Multinational Corporations. Short of legal obligations, we discuss the effectiveness and moral legitimacy of voluntary approaches based on naming and shaming. We argue that effectiveness and legitimacy are closely tied together; as voluntary approaches are the only alternative to legally imposed duties, they are most morally defensible particularly if they would be the most effective in reducing the harmful greenhouse gases...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399790/obstacles-to-the-discussion-of-sexual-problems-in-menopausal-women-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-providers
#8
Masoumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei
The aim of this study was to explore issues that challenge menopausal women in discussions of their sexual problems with a physician. This was done from the perspective of healthcare providers. In a descriptive exploratory qualitative study, using a semi-structured interview and purposive sampling, a sample set of 12 midwives and 13 general practitioners aged 25-70 years were selected in order to elicit meaning behind their experiences about the subject under study. Data analysis was carried out using qualitative content analysis...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398092/does-stigmatization-motivate-people-to-quit-smoking-examining-the-effect-of-stigmatizing-anti-smoking-campaigns-on-cessation-intention
#9
Jinyoung Kim, Xiaoxia Cao, Eric Meczkowski
Stigmatization against smokers characterizes many of today's anti-smoking campaigns in the United States. It is believed that stigmatization motivates people to quit smoking by arousing a state of emotional distress, such as shame, in viewers. However, stagnant cessation rates among socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers imply that stigmatizing campaigns might be ineffective in promoting cessation among those low in socioeconomic status. To understand the effectiveness of stigmatizing campaign messages, we proposed a moderated mediation model and experimentally tested it among current smokers (n = 136)...
April 11, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395229/depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-behavior-after-first-episode-psychosis-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Ricardo Coentre, Miguel Cotrim Talina, Carlos Góis, Maria Luísa Figueira
Depressive symptoms and suicidal behavior are common among patients that suffered a first-episode psychosis. We searched Web of Knowledge(SM) and Pubmed® for English and Portuguese original articles investigating prevalence of depressive symptoms and/or suicidal behavior and associated factors after first-episode psychosis. We included 19 studies from 12 countries, 7 studied depressive symptoms and 12 suicidal behavior. The findings confirm that depressive symptoms and suicidal behavior have high rates in the years after first-episode psychosis...
April 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394222/exploring-the-impact-of-living-with-dyslexia-the-perspectives-of-children-and-their-parents
#11
Suze Leitão, Peta Dzidic, Mary Claessen, Joanne Gordon, Kate Howard, Mandy Nayton, Mark E Boyes
PURPOSE: A small but growing body of literature indicates that children with dyslexia are at elevated risk of internalising and externalising mental health problems. However, little research addresses why this might be the case, particularly from the point of view of the children or their parents. This study therefore aimed to explore the lived experiences of children with dyslexia, and their parents. METHOD: Drawing on a phenomenological approach, 13 children with dyslexia and 21 parents were interviewed...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391730/impact-of-different-educational-interventions-on-psychosocial-well-being-of-women-with-a-positive-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-and-normal-cervical-cytology-a-randomised-trial
#12
Siew Fei Ngu, Na Wei, Tracy T C Kwan, Mandy M Y Chu, Ka Yu Tse, Karen K L Chan, Hextan Y S Ngan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two educational interventions on the psychosocial well-being of Hong Kong Chinese women who have a positive high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) test and normal cervical cytology. METHODS: Participants were randomised into either leaflet group, in which a written HPV factsheet was provided; or counselling group, in which a didactic HPV presentation in person in addition to the factsheet was provided...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389551/on-shame-and-voice-hearing
#13
Angela Woods
Hearing voices in the absence of another speaker-what psychiatry terms an auditory verbal hallucination-is often associated with a wide range of negative emotions. Mainstream clinical research addressing the emotional dimensions of voice-hearing has tended to treat these as self-evident, undifferentiated and so effectively interchangeable. But what happens when a richer, more nuanced understanding of specific emotions is brought to bear on the analysis of distressing voices? This article draws findings from the 'What is it like to hear voices' study conducted as part of the interdisciplinary Hearing the Voice project into conversation with philosopher Dan Zahavi's Self and Other: Exploring Subjectivity, Empathy and Shame to consider how a focus on shame can open up new questions about the experience of hearing voices...
April 7, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386745/how-local-landholder-groups-collectively-manage-weeds-in-south-eastern-australia
#14
Sonia Graham, Sarah Rogers
For two decades researchers and policy makers have been arguing that community-based collective action is needed to effectively control weeds. Yet there has been little social research into the ways that collective weed control emerges at local scales. The aim of this paper is to investigate the mechanisms through which three local landholder groups in south-eastern Australia collectively manage weeds and the measures they use to evaluate success. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with members of three Landcare groups-Jerrawa Creek/Upper Lachlan, MacLaughlin River and Towamba Valley-as well as government staff external to the groups...
April 6, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386349/pyrroloquinoline-quinone-prevents-testosterone-deficiency-induced-osteoporosis-by-stimulating-osteoblastic-bone-formation-and-inhibiting-osteoclastic-bone-resorption
#15
Xuan Wu, Jie Li, Hengwei Zhang, Hui Wang, Guoyong Yin, Dengshun Miao
Accumulating evidences suggest that oxidative stress caused and deteriorated the aging related osteoporosis and pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is a powerful antioxidant. However, it is unclear whether PQQ can prevent testosterone deficiency-induced osteoporosis. In this study, the orchidectomized (ORX) mice were supplemented in diet with/without PQQ for 48 weeks, and compared with each other and with sham mice. Results showed that bone mineral density, trabecular bone volume, collagen deposition and osteoblast number were decreased significantly in ORX mice compared with shame mice, whereas PQQ supplementation largely prevented these alterations...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383978/toward-a-psychology-of-humiliation-in-asymmetric-conflict
#16
Clark McCauley
Humiliation is often cited in attempts to understand the origins of asymmetric conflicts, especially conflicts involving terrorism. This article reviews common usage, expert opinion, and experiences in interpersonal and intergroup conflicts to suggest a construct definition of humiliation as a combination of anger and shame. Following appraisal theory, this definition distinguishes between the situational appraisals associated with humiliation (insult and injury; failure to retaliate) and the emotional experience of humiliation (in which the combination of anger and shame may be more synergism than summation)...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383944/employee-unethical-behavior-to-shame-as-an-indicator-of-self-image-threat-and-exemplification-as-a-form-of-self-image-protection-the-exacerbating-role-of-supervisor-bottom-line-mentality
#17
Julena M Bonner, Rebecca L Greenbaum, Matthew J Quade
Employee unethical behavior continues to be an area of interest as real-world business scandals persist. We investigate what happens after people engage in unethical behavior. Drawing from emotion theories (e.g., Tangney & Dearing, 2002) and the self-presentation literature (e.g., Leary & Miller, 2000), we first argue that people are socialized to experience shame after moral violations (Hypothesis 1). People then manage their shame and try to protect their self-images by engaging in exemplification behaviors (i...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383936/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-aggression-a-within-person-process-model
#18
Lori N Scott, Aidan G C Wright, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis, Stephanie D Stepp
Theoretical and empirical work suggests that aggression in those with borderline personality disorder (BPD) occurs primarily in the context of emotional reactivity, especially anger and shame, in response to perceived rejection. Using intensive repeated measures, we examined a within-person process model in which perceived rejection predicts increases in aggressive urges and behaviors via increases in negative affect (indirect effect) and in which BPD symptoms exacerbate this process (moderated mediation). Participants were 117 emerging adult women (ages 18-24) with recent histories of aggressive behavior who were recruited from a community-based longitudinal study of at-risk youth...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382766/patients-and-families%C3%A2-realizing%C3%A2-their-future-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-qualitative-study
#19
Gudrun H Bragadottir, Bryndis S Halldorsdottir, T Soley Ingadottir, Helga Jonsdottir
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into the lived experience of learning about having Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) for patients and their families. BACKGROUND: COPD often progresses for years. Adjustment to declining health is gradual and the disease may have developed considerably when health care is sought and people are diagnosed. Reaching patients at early stages is necessary to delay progression of the disease. DESIGN: Interpretive phenomenology...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378302/measuring-mental-health-provider-based-stigma-development-and-initial-psychometric-testing-of-a-self-assessment-instrument
#20
Jennifer L K Charles, Kia J Bentley
This article describes the development and initial psychometric testing of the Mental Health Provider Self-Assessment of Stigma Scale (MHPSASS), a 20-item instrument crafted in reflection of Charles' (Social Work in Mental Health 11:360-375, 2013) empirically derived, experience-based, five-themed model of provider stigmatization. Following model and item review by construct experts, 220 mental health service providers in Virginia's public mental health centers and in-patient facilities completed the survey package...
April 4, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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