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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335115/contemporary-experience-with-open-paravisceral-aneurysm-repair
#1
Mathew D Wooster, Shivangi Patel, Martin R Back, Murray L Shames
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335112/eight-year-experience-with-type-i-endoleaks-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#2
Adam Tanious, Megan Carroll, Mathew Wooster, Andrew Jung, Marcello Giarelli, Martin Back, Bruce Zwiebel, Peter Nelson, Murray Shames
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330457/exercising-alcohol-patients-don-t-lack-motivation-but-struggle-with-structures-emotions-and-social-context-a-qualitative-dropout-study
#3
Sengül Sari, Ashley Elizabeth Muller, Kirsten K Roessler
BACKGROUND: Exercise is an important component of a healthy lifestyle, the development of which is a relapse prevention strategy for those with alcohol use disorder. However, it is a challenge to create exercise interventions with a persistent behavioural change. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate perceived barriers to participation in an exercise intervention among alcohol use disorder patients, who dropped out of the intervention program. Furthermore, this study aims to propose possibilities for a better practice of future intervention studies based on the participants' experiences and suggestions...
March 23, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329848/attitudes-toward-alzheimer-s-care-seeking-among-korean-americans-effects-of-knowledge-stigma-and-subjective-norm
#4
Banghwa Lee Casado, Michin Hong, Sang E Lee
Purpose: Early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) ensures that affected individuals and their caregivers can make appropriate plans for health care needs, yet many ethnic minorities delay seeking care for AD until the disease has progressed. This study examined attitudes toward care-seeking for AD among Korean Americans (KAs) and identified factors affecting their attitudes. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 234 KA adults. We conducted hierarchical regression analyses to examine the effects of sociocultural background (age, gender, education, cultural orientation), AD knowledge and exposure to AD, and beliefs about AD (stigma of pity, shame, and public avoidance) and AD care (subjective norm) on KAs' attitudes toward seeking AD care from primary care physicians (PCPs) and AD specialists...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318429/shame-as-a-compromise-for-humiliation-and-rage-in-the-internal-representation-of-abuse-by-loved-ones-processes-motivations-and-the-role-of-dissociation
#5
Martin J Dorahy
This paper examines one particular way a person abused may come to internally position themselves and the abuser to understand their abuse experience. It is based on a differentiation and exploration of the dynamic relationship between shame and humiliation associated with complex feelings the abused has to the abuser. Humiliation is described as denoting the naked self exposed by another, while shame is described as denoting the naked self exposed to another. From this lens, abusive events are conceived as humiliating experiences that come to be represented as shame experiences...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318146/allen-newell-s-program-of-research-the-video-game-test
#6
Fernand Gobet
Newell (1973) argued that progress in psychology was slow because research focused on experiments trying to answer binary questions, such as serial versus parallel processing. In addition, not enough attention was paid to the strategies used by participants, and there was a lack of theories implemented as computer models offering sufficient precision for being tested rigorously. He proposed a three-headed research program: to develop computational models able to carry out the task they aimed to explain; to study one complex task in detail, such as chess; and to build computational models that can account for multiple tasks...
March 20, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315555/checkpoint-inhibitors-common-immune-related-adverse-events-and-their-management%C3%A2
#7
RuthAnn Gordon, Mary Kate Kasler, Kristen Stasi, Yelena Shames, Mimma Errante, Kathryn Ciccolini, Anna Skripnik Lucas, Pam Raasch, Erica Fischer-Cartlidge
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy, specifically the use of checkpoint inhibitors, offers patients with cancer an alternative to chemotherapy, targeting different pathways to destroy cancer cells. The side effects of immunotherapies, as well as their impact on normal tissue, need to be assessed and managed based on their mechanisms of action. OBJECTIVES: This article presents an overview of immune-related adverse events (AEs). 
. METHODS: Common immune-related toxicities, as well as rare and refractory toxicities, are reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315040/hiv-stigma-gay-identity-and-caste-untouchability-metaphors-of-abjection-in-my-brother%C3%A2-nikhil-the-boyfriend-and-gandu-bagicha
#8
Shamira A Meghani
In this article I read textual metaphors of 'untouchability' in 'post-AIDS' representation as an erasure of structures that condition HIV stigmatization in India. Throughout, my discussion is contextualised by the political economy of HIV and AIDS, which has been productive of particular modern sexual subjects. In the film My Brother…Nikhil, the stigmatization of Nikhil, a gay Indian man living with HIV, is constituted through visual and verbal caste metaphors, which draw on existing subject positions that are elided as 'traditional', residual, and receding...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302481/metformin-improves-cardiac-function-in-mice-with-heart-failure-after-myocardial-infarction-by-regulating-mitochondrial-energy-metabolism
#9
Dan Sun, Fei Yang
To investigate whether metformin can improve the cardiac function through improving the mitochondrial function in model of heart failure after myocardial infarction. Male C57/BL6 mice aged about 8 weeks were selected and the anterior descending branch was ligatured to establish the heart failure model after myocardial infarction. The cardiac function was evaluated via ultrasound after 3 days to determine the modeling was successful, and the mice were randomly divided into two groups. Saline group (Saline) received the intragastric administration of normal saline for 4 weeks, and metformin group (Met) received the intragastric administration of metformin for 4 weeks...
March 14, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301038/shame-dissociation-and-complex-ptsd-symptoms-in-traumatized-psychiatric-and-control-groups-direct-and-indirect-associations-with-relationship-distress
#10
Martin J Dorahy, Mary Corry, Rebecca Black, Laura Matheson, Holly Coles, David Curran, Lenaire Seager, Warwick Middleton, Kevin F W Dyer
OBJECTIVES: Elevated shame and dissociation are common in dissociative identity disorder (DID) and chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and are part of the constellation of symptoms defined as complex PTSD. Previous work examined the relationship between shame, dissociation, and complex PTSD and whether they are associated with intimate relationship anxiety, relationship depression, and fear of relationships. This study investigated these variables in traumatized clinical samples and a nonclinical community group...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300493/mother-child-incest-psychosis-and-the-dynamics-of-relatedness
#11
Joan Haliburn
Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300483/victim-perpetrator-dynamics-through-the-lens-of-betrayal-trauma-theory
#12
Kerry L Gagnon, Michelle Seulki Lee, Anne P DePrince
Interpersonal trauma exposure is linked with a host of seemingly disparate outcomes for victims, such as psychological distress, post-trauma appraisals (e.g., alienation, shame), poor cognitive functioning, expectations of harm in relationships, and revictimization risk. The presence of interpersonal trauma alone may not fully explain this range of outcomes. The current paper applies Betrayal Trauma Theory (BTT), which was originally articulated two decades ago as a framework for understanding memory disruptions following interpersonal trauma, as a framework to understand the diverse outcomes that can occur when interpersonal trauma is perpetrated by a close other...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299151/is-socio-economic-status-a-determinant-of-hiv-related-stigma-attitudes-in-zimbabwe-findings-from-project-accept
#13
Kudzanai Mateveke, Basant Singh, Alfred Chingono, E Sibanda, Ian Machingura
HIV related stigma and discrimination is a known barrier for HIV prevention and care. We aimed to assess the relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and HIV related stigma in Zimbabwe. This paper uses data from Project Accept, which examined the impact of community-based voluntary counseling and testing intervention on HIV incidence and stigma. Total of 2522 eligible participants responded to a psychometric assessment tool, which assessed HIV related stigma and discrimination attitudes on 4 point Likert scale...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295785/improving-support-and-education-of-low-income-baby-boomers-diagnosed-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-through-universal-screening
#14
Barbara J Turner, Kathryn Craig, Vidhi S Makanji, Bertha E Flores, Ludivina Hernandez
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify support needs of low income baby boomers recently diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C virus infection. BACKGROUND: The United States Preventive Services Task Force has endorsed one-time screening of all baby boomers (born 1945 to 1965) for hepatitis C because 75% of the estimated 2 to 3 million persons with chronic infection are in this age range. We hypothesized that persons diagnosed by routine screening would have significant psycho-emotional, cognitive, and health care challenges that need to be met by collaborative care and services from nurses and other health care personnel...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293898/the-negative-impact-of-an-uncertain-residence-status-analysis-of-migration-related-stressors-in-outpatients-with-turkish-migration-background-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-germany-over-a-10-year-period-2005-2014
#15
Matthias J Müller, Sabrina Zink, Eckhardt Koch
Several studies indicate that immigration is associated with a higher risk for mental disorders, particularly in refugees and asylum seekers. We investigated migration-related distress in outpatients with Turkish migration background and a psychiatric disorder. Asylum applicants (ASA) and migrants with a permanent residency status (PRS) from a specialized German psychiatric outpatient service were compared with respect to clinical variables and stressors related to migration and acculturation. Of n = 620 migrant outpatients (main diagnosis: 3...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293282/modeling-and-optimization-of-nanoemulsion-containing-sorafenib-for-cancer-treatment-by-response-surface-methodology
#16
Zahra Izadiyan, Mahiran Basri, Hamid Reza Fard Masoumi, Roghayeh Abedi Karjiban, Norazlinaliza Salim, Kamyar Shameli
The aim of this study is the development of nanoemulsions for intravenous administration of Sorafenib, which is a poorly soluble drug with no parenteral treatment. The formulation was prepared by a high energy emulsification method and optimized by response surface methodology. The effects of overhead stirring time, high shear rate, high shear time, and cycles of high-pressure homogenizer were studied in the preparation of nanoemulsion loaded with Sorafenib. Most of the particles in nanoemulsion are spherical in shape, the smallest particle size being 82...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290062/understanding-negative-self-evaluations-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-review-of-self-related-cognitions-emotions-and-motives
#17
REVIEW
Dorina Winter, Martin Bohus, Stefanie Lis
Self-conscious emotions, such as guilt, shame, or self-disgust, as well as self-related motives, such as self-enhancement or self-verification, influence how people perceive, evaluate, memorize, and respond to self-related information. They not only influence peoples' concepts of themselves but may also affect their behavior in social environments. In the current review, we describe alterations of self-related processing in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We chose BPD as an example of a mental disorder of which impairments in self-functioning and identity constitute a major feature...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285177/love-me-tinder-body-image-and-psychosocial-functioning-among-men-and-women
#18
Jessica Strubel, Trent A Petrie
Based on objectification theory, we examined the main effects of Tinder use, and its interaction with gender, in relation to men's and women's body image concerns, internalization processes, and self-esteem. Tinder users (men=31; women=69) and non-users (men=203; women=844) anonymously completed measures via an online survey. Through a series of ANCOVAs, with BMI and age as covariates, Tinder users, regardless of gender, reported significantly lower levels of satisfaction with face and body and higher levels of internalization, appearance comparisons, and body shame and surveillance than non-users...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277976/issues-in-consultation-for-treatments-with-distressed-activated-abuser-protector-self-states-in-dissociative-identity-disorder
#19
Richard A Chefetz
The identified "problem self-state" in a dissociative disorder consultation is like the identified patient in a family therapy; the one who is identified may have an assigned role to be blamed which serves the function of deflecting the activities of painful self-states in other family members. In consultation, the "family" includes the therapist in addition to the patient. When the state identified as a problem self-state is an abuser/protector self-state, complications often involve the profound nature of transference-countertransference enactments between patient and therapist, the delusion of separateness, chronic and acute threats of suicide, negative therapeutic reactions, and the evocation of intense negativity...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277975/weaponized-sex-defensive-pseudo-erotic-aggression-in-the-service-of-safety
#20
Richard P Kluft
Problematic sexual behaviors are frequently encountered in the treatment of patients suffering Dissociative Identity Disorder and related forms of dissociative disorders. These may include unfortunate patterns of ready acquiescence or submission to overtly or potentially aggressive or sexual approaches/encounters, subtle and/or overt seductive signaling and behaviors, and even overt sexually provocative patterns of verbalizations and actions. This paper discusses the possibility that in some instances, sexual behavior has become weaponized; that is, deployed in circumstances under which assertiveness and/or aggression or other self-protective measures might be expected, probably because such behaviors were not within the range of the possible or were not understood as potentially successful for some victims of trauma...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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