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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346542/hepatitis-b-in-moroccan-dutch-a-qualitative-study-into-determinants-of-screening-participation
#1
Nora Hamdiui, Mart L Stein, Ytje J J van der Veen, Maria E T C van den Muijsenbergh, Jim E van Steenbergen
Background: Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) leads to an increased risk for liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. In the Netherlands, chronic HBV prevalence in the general population is 0.20%, but 3.77% in first generation immigrants. Our aim was to identify determinants associated with the intention to participate in HBV testing among first generation Moroccan immigrants, one of the two largest immigrant groups targeted for screening. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were held with first (n = 9) and second generation (n = 10) Moroccan-Dutch immigrants, since second generation immigrants frequently act as their parents' brokers in healthcare...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345803/effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-shame-self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-anxious-and-depressed-patients-a-pilot-study
#2
Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny
OBJECTIVES: The tendency to experience shame or guilt is associated differentially with anxiety and depression, with shame being associated with greater psychopathology. Correlational studies have shown self-compassion to be related to lower shame and rumination, and mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion. Therefore, mindfulness-based interventions may decrease shame. This pilot study aimed to assess the association of shame, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological distress and the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on these measures in a clinical sample...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343040/-effect-of-picroside-%C3%A2-on-the-expression-of-mitochondrial-vdac1-after-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats
#3
S Li, T T Wang, L Zhai, W W Deng, Y L Guo, J X Jiang
Objective: To explore the effect of picroside Ⅱ on the expression of mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) in rats after cerebral ischemiareperfusion. Methods: A total of 70 Wistar rats models with middle cerebral artery occlusionreperfusion (MCAO/R) were randomly divided into the sham group, model group, picroside (Picr) group, ruthenium red (RuR) group, RuR+ Picr group, Spermine (Sper) group, Sper+ Picr group (n=10 per group). Modified neurological severity scale (mNSS) was used to evaluated the neurobehavioral function, the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in brain tissues were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the morphology of brain tissues was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the apoptotic cells were counted by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay (TUNEL), and the expressions of VDAC1 and endonuclease G (EndoG) were determined by immunohistochemical assay and Western blot...
January 9, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336695/-ghosts-from-the-past-the-re-emergence-of-internalised-religious-stigma-following-diagnosis-of-hiv-among-northern-irish-gay-men
#4
Keith Kerrigan, Gill Green
This paper explores how previous exposure to religious homo-negativity features in the sense making process following HIV diagnosis in a homogenous sample of six gay men living in Northern Ireland. Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was used to identify two key overarching themes: 'Negotiating authenticity in unsafe space' which relates to the experience of negotiating same sex attraction within religious environments and 'Re-emergence of religious shame in diagnosis' which relates to the way in which the men made sense of diagnosis from the position of having been exposed to religious homo-negativity earlier in their lives...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333899/social-support-and-mental-health-in-lgbtq-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Kari McDonald
LGBTQ adolescents experience higher rates of mental health disorders than their heterosexual peers. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to examine studies evaluating social support and its effects on mental health in the LGBTQ adolescent population. Higher levels of social support were associated with positive self-esteem. Lack of social support (or low social support) was associated with higher levels of depression, anxiety, alcohol or drug misuse, risky sexual behaviors, shame, and low self-esteem...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333201/dispositional-mindfulness-shame-and-compulsive-sexual-behaviors-among-men-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#6
Meagan J Brem, Ryan C Shorey, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Approximately 31% of men in treatment for a substance use disorders (SUD) engage in compulsive sexual behavior (CSB). Shame, a well-documented consequence of CSB, increases the likelihood of relapse following treatment for SUDs. Despite the risk of relapse, prior research has not investigated factors that may attenuate the relation between CSB and shame. Dispositional mindfulness is one such factor known to mitigate shame. However, researchers have yet to examine dispositional mindfulness as a moderator of the relationship between CSB and shame among a sample of men in treatment for SUDs...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332501/-plates-and-dishes-smash-married-couples-clash-cultural-and-social-barriers-to-help-seeking-among-women-domestic-violence-survivors-in-kyrgyzstan
#7
Saltanat Childress
This article develops a grounded theory of help-seeking to investigate the social and cultural determinants of help-seeking among Kyrgyz women who have experienced domestic violence. Results indicate that cultural traditions and social norms-most notably the social construction of marriage, the shame associated with divorce, and the status of daughters-in-law in Kyrgyz society-are used to justify domestic violence and prevent victims from seeking help. The proposed theory and results suggest that scholars, policymakers, and front-line contacts must emphasize dispelling myths, misconceptions, and traditional beliefs about gender and marriage to break the abusive dynamics and provide professional help...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331974/what-are-the-physical-and-psychological-health-effects-of-suicide-bereavement-on-family-members-an-observational-and-interview-mixed-methods-study-in-ireland
#8
Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
OBJECTIVES: Research focussing on the impact of suicide bereavement on family members' physical and psychological health is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine how family members have been physically and psychologically affected following suicide bereavement. A secondary objective of the study was to describe the needs of family members bereaved by suicide. DESIGN: A mixed-methods study was conducted, using qualitative semistructured interviews and additional quantitative self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress (DASS-21)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330671/internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-share-a-common-predictor-the-effects-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-are-mediated-by-coping-responses-and-schema-modes
#9
Marjolein F van Wijk-Herbrink, David P Bernstein, Nick J Broers, Jeffrey Roelofs, Marleen M Rijkeboer, Arnoud A Arntz
We investigated the relationships of adolescents' internalizing and externalizing behaviors with their early maladaptive schemas (EMS), coping responses, and schema modes. We focused on EMS related to experiences of disconnection and rejection that comprise vulnerable emotions, such as shame, mistrust, deprivation, abandonment, and isolation/alienation. This cross-sectional study included a total of 699 adolescents (combined clinical and non-referred sample) who were 11 to 18 years old (M = 14.6; SD = 1...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328008/-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-current-insights-in-diagnostics-treatment-and-prevention
#10
A Lok, J L Frijling, M van Zuiden
- Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that may develop after traumatic events.- PTSD is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the Netherlands, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 7%.- Recurrent re-experiencing of the traumatic event is the most characteristic PTSD symptom.- Recognition of PTSD may be hampered by the heterogeneous symptomatology, avoidance to talk about the trauma and highly frequent comorbid psychiatric and somatic comorbidity.- Feelings of guilt and shame may also influence reported trauma history...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327446/current-and-military-specific-gender-minority-stress-factors-and-their-relationship-with-suicide-ideation-in-transgender-veterans
#11
Raymond P Tucker, Rylan J Testa, Mark A Reger, Tracy L Simpson, Jillian C Shipherd, Keren Lehavot
Research suggests the prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempts in the transgender veteran community may be upwards of 20 times higher than nontransgender veterans, who are known to be at increased risk than the general US population. This study aimed to understand the potential influence of external and internal minority stress experienced during and after military service on past-year and recent suicide ideation in a sample of 201 transgender veterans. Nonparametric bootstrapping analyses indicated past-year transgender-specific discrimination and rejection (external minority stress) indirectly predicted frequency of both past-year and past 2-week suicide ideation through past-year shame related to gender identity (internal minority stress)...
January 12, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319454/death-contagion-and-shame-the-potential-of-cancer-survivors-advocacy-in-zambia
#12
Britta Wigginton, Kim Farmer, Sharon Kapambwe, Lisa Fitzgerald, Marina M Reeves, Sheleigh P Lawler
Cancer has become a global health concern with marked differences in the incidence and mortality rates between developing and developed countries. Understanding the factors hat shape uptake of preventative and screening services is key. We use in-depth interviews with 13 Zambian urban-based female cancer survivors to explore the facilitators and barriers to screening, diagnosis and treatment, with a particular focus on cultural influences. We identified a central discourse (i.e. a story told about cancer) in all of the interviews: 'cancer is a death sentence'...
January 10, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311753/shame-is-bad-and-guilt-is-good-an-examination-of-the-impaired-control-over-drinking-pathway-to-alcohol-use-and-related-problems
#13
Julie A Patock-Peckham, Jessica R Canning, Robert F Leeman
Tension Reduction Theory (Kushner et al., 1994) suggests alcohol is used as a means to alleviate negative affect (NA) such as shame and guilt. Shame is an internalized response in which blame is placed on the self, while guilt is not internalized and the blame is placed on the situation (Dearing et al., 2005). This study aims to investigate relationships of shame and guilt to alcohol use and problems through the mechanisms of multiple facets of impulsivity (i.e. UPPS) and impaired control over drinking (IC), which reflect behavioral control processes...
January 15, 2018: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304166/how-japanese-companion-dog-and-cat-owners-degree-of-attachment-relates-to-the-attribution-of-emotions-to-their-animals
#14
Bingtao Su, Naoko Koda, Pim Martens
Recently, studies in the United States and European countries have shown that the degree of attachment is associated with the attribution of emotions to companion animals. These studies imply that investigating the degree of attachment to companion animals is a good way for researchers to explore animal emotions and then improve animal welfare. Although a promising area of study, in Japan, no empirical studies have examined the correlation between the degree of attachment and the attribution of emotions to companion animals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303420/the-social-side-of-shame-approach-versus-withdrawal
#15
Ilona E de Hooge, Seger M Breugelmans, Fieke M A Wagemans, Marcel Zeelenberg
At present, the consequences and functions of experiences of shame are not yet well understood. Whereas psychology literature typically portrays shame as being bad for social relations, motivating social avoidance and withdrawal, there are recent indications that shame can be reinterpreted as having clear social tendencies in the form of motivating approach and social affiliation. Yet, until now, no research has ever put these alternative interpretations of shame-motivated behaviours directly to the test. The present paper presents such a test by studying the extent to which shame motivates a preference for social withdrawal versus a preference for social approach...
January 5, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301481/public-awareness-of-palliative-care-in-sweden
#16
Caroline Westerlund, Carol Tishelman, Inger Benkel, Carl Johan Fürst, Ulla Molander, Birgit H Rasmussen, Sylvia Sauter, Olav Lindqvist
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the awareness of palliative care (PC) in a general Swedish population. DESIGN: We developed an e-survey based on a similar study conducted in Northern Ireland, consisting of 10 questions. Closed questions were primarily analyzed using descriptive statistics. Open questions were subject to inductive qualitative analysis. SUBJECTS: The study utilized a population sample of 7684 persons aged 18-66, of which 2020 responded, stratified by gender, age and region...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299144/lincrna00273-promotes-cancer-metastasis-and-its-g-quadruplex-promoter-can-serve-as-a-novel-target-to-inhibit-cancer-invasiveness
#17
Samarjit Jana, Jagannath Jana, Kartick Patra, Soma Mondal, Jyotsna Bhat, Arnab Sarkar, Pallabi Sengupta, Anindya Biswas, Meghomukta Mukherjee, Satya Prakash Tripathi, Rahul Gangwal, Joyita Hazra, Abhay T Sangamwar, Gopeswar Mukherjee, Shamee Bhattacharjee, Deba Prasad Mandal, Subhrangsu Chatterjee
Discovery of anti-metastatic drugs is of immense clinical significance as metastasis is responsible for 90% of all cancer deaths. Here we report the inhibitory effect of a bis schiff base (M2) on cancer cell migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo. M2 has shown good solubility and permeability across the intestinal cell wall and hence can be classified as BCS (Biopharmaceutical classification system) class I. Microarray studies identified a long non coding intergenic RNA, LINC00273 as a novel molecular target of M2...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294777/negative-emotions-as-risk-factors-for-self-directed-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-chinese-college-students
#18
Ling Wang, Qinglu Wu, Anna Wai-Man Choi
In this study, we examined the unique contributions of negative emotions (i.e., anger, depression, and shame) for two different types of self-directed violence (i.e., nonsuicidal self-injury [NSSI] and suicidality) and three different types of intimate partner violence perpetration (i.e., physical, sexual, and psychological violence) in a college sample. We investigated the moderating role of gender in any link between the negative emotions and the violent behaviors. We also examined an association between self-directed violence and intimate partner violence perpetration...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291085/emotion-appraisal-dimensions-inferred-from-vocal-expressions-are-consistent-across-cultures-a-comparison-between-australia-and-india
#19
Henrik Nordström, Petri Laukka, Nutankumar S Thingujam, Emery Schubert, Hillary Anger Elfenbein
This study explored the perception of emotion appraisal dimensions on the basis of speech prosody in a cross-cultural setting. Professional actors from Australia and India vocally portrayed different emotions (anger, fear, happiness, pride, relief, sadness, serenity and shame) by enacting emotion-eliciting situations. In a balanced design, participants from Australia and India then inferred aspects of the emotion-eliciting situation from the vocal expressions, described in terms of appraisal dimensions (novelty, intrinsic pleasantness, goal conduciveness, urgency, power and norm compatibility)...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288985/guilt-proneness-is-associated-with-the-use-of-protective-behavioral-strategies-during-episodes-of-alcohol-use
#20
Matt S Treeby, Simon M Rice, Fiona Cocker, Amy Peacock, Raimondo Bruno
INTRODUCTION: Shame and guilt are closely related emotions with diverging implications for the development, and potential treatment, of substance use disorders. Accumulating research indicates that a guilt-prone affect style buffers individuals against the development of problematic alcohol use, while shame-proneness appears to offer no protective function. However, little is known about the manner in which guilt-prone individuals avoid the experience of alcohol use-related harms. The present study aimed to extend the shame, guilt, and substance use literature by examining whether these two self-conscious affect styles are differentially related to the use of protective behavioral strategies which reduce the risk of harms during drinking episodes...
December 22, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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